Present Sultan (2014): Sultan Muhammad Taufiq Thaib Tuanku Mudo Mahkota Alam
Pagaruyung was the seat of the Minangkabau kings of Western Sumatera, though little is known about it.
Adityawarna is believed to have founded the kingdom and presided over the central Sumaterda region between 1347 and 1375, most likely to control the local gold trade. The few artifacts recovered from Adityawarman’s reign include a number of stones containing inscriptions, and statues. Some of these items were found at Bukit Gombak, a hill near modern Pagarruyung, and it is believed a royal palace was located here.