Ujung Kulon National Park is the first national park, founded in Indonesia. Located on the south western tip of island of Java, where the vast expanse of the Indian Ocean and the equatorial waters of sunda strait merge, is one of Indonesia’s paramount national park, Ujung Kulon. Rich in wildlife and forest noted for its charm and diversity, is the highly endangered Java Rhinoceros and bestowed with the status of world Heritage (natural) Site.
Ujung Kulon, which means West point, possesses an exceptional profile of Indonesia, wilderness from forested mountain ranges to coral seas. What makes it even more remarkable is that the park remains a pristine heaven of natural, om java. One of the earth. The park’s 120,551 hectares are divided into 76,214 ha, of land and 44,337 ha of surrounding reefs and sea.
Plant Life Ujung Kulon National parks is one of the last remaining natural forest on Java and one of very view areas offering a profile of seashore to mountain top tropical vegetation. The parks hold well over 700 species of plant life which at least 57 are classified as reared in Java, and perhaps in the world.
Wild Life Ujung Kulon has a vast array of wildlife, quite a number of which are endangered or rare. Some of the animals are so unafraid that they freely wander in and around the tourist lodges, others are sighted almost everyday, many are heard rather than seen.
Peninsula. Its White-sand beaches and coral reef shores hold a fascinating world of marine life while Peucang’s impressive forest shelters an abundance of wildlife, some of which graze and play around the lodges. Opposite Peucang island across a 800 meters channel is the Ujung Kulon Peninsula woth a wide variety of attractions. Peucang Island is superb for Swimming and Shallow Snorkelling reefs are also found all along the shore
Ujung Kulon National Park is accessible by boat (5-6 hour) from Labuan. You can get to Labuan by minibus from Jakarta (3-4 hour) or Bogor. An other possibility is to take a bus with destination Merak from Kalideres bus station in Jakarta. Get out in Cilegon and from there catch a bus to Labuan.The boat from Labuan leaves for Pulau Peucang or Tamanjaya.
Coming from Sumatra by ferry, your journey will end in Merak. From Merak, take the bus to Jakarta, jump off in Cilegon and from there see above. There may be minibuses going all the way from Merak to Labuan.
A cheaper alternative to access the park runs over land. From Labuan you may take the HM minibus (from Serang bus station) or a taxi to Tamanjaya (about Rp. 25,000, 3,5 hrs.). In Tamanjaya you’ll be able to arrange a boat to Pulau Peucang (Rp. 700,000), Pulau Handeleum (Rp. 200,000) or Pulau Panaitan (Rp. 900,000); mooring and boat entry permits are not included. Krakatau is best visited from Labuan.
Permits, local guides speaking only bahasa Indonesia (about Rp. 30,000/day, meals and cigarettes not included), English speaking guides (Rp. 100,000/day, meals and cigarettes not included) and accommodation can be arranged at the PHPA office in Labuan, or at Kagum in Jakarta (see below).
* Pulau Peucang
o PHPA Lodges plus restaurant
* Pulau Handeleum
o PHPA Guesthouse
o Sunda Jaya Homestay
About 100 meters from the main road. Prices (2004): Rp. 30.000,- (double) and Rp. 100.000 (double including private toilet, living room and fan), breakfast excluded.
o Wisma Wisata Alam is the first sea side lodge in Tamanjaya. They have four simple sea view rooms and one room inside the house (no private toilet). Room rates are Rp. 30.000,- (single) and 35.000,- (double) including breakfast, tea or coffee (all day). This simple guesthouse also has a shelter right in front of the beach. Since January 2004, this guesthouse is run by Koperasi Gema Umat (Kagum),which is affliated with WWF Ujungkulon.