Ujung Kulon National Park is the first national park, founded in Indonesia. The park (80,000 ha) lies on a peninsula in south-west Java and includes the islands Pulau Peucang, Pulau Panaitan and the Krakatau archipelago. On 1 February, 1992, the Proposed Ujung Kulon National Park complex and the Krakatau Islands Nature Reserve were declared a World Heritage Site.
The borders on the north, south and west side of Ujung Kulon are made up by the Indian Ocean. The Honje mountain range, including the highest point of the park Gunung Honje (620 m), forms the eastern border. The Indian Ocean is the main access route.
Habitats in the park consists of lowland rainforest, swamp, mangrove and beach forest. Round Pulau Peucang and Pulau Panaitan you’ll be able to snorkel and dive among beautiful coral reefs. Vegetation on Pulau Panaitan consists of dry-beach forest, mangrove forest and lowland rain forest which is characterized by an abudance of palms. On Anak Krakatau, the island that came into existence after the Krakatau exploded, flora and fauna are still young. Small animals and birds gradually colonize the lava island. The principal flora consists of grasslands, beach forest, lowland rain forest and moss forests at the higher altitudes.
The most important reason to declare Ujung Kulon a National Park is the existence of one of the last populations of Javan Rhinoceroses in the area. The population of these extremely endangered animals in Ujung Kulon is estimated to be 50-60.
The best time to visit the park is April to August. Then, the sea is calm and you won’t get seasick. In Ujung Kulon you’ll find accommodation, but you should take food with you.
Ujung Kulon National Park is accessible by boat (5-6 hour) from Labuan. You can get to Labuan by minibus from Jakarta (3-4 hour) or Bogor. An other possibility is to take a bus with destination Merak from Kalideres bus station in Jakarta. Get out in Cilegon and from there catch a bus to Labuan.The boat from Labuan leaves for Pulau Peucang or Tamanjaya.
Coming from Sumatra by ferry, your journey will end in Merak. From Merak, take the bus to Jakarta, jump off in Cilegon and from there see above. There may be minibuses going all the way from Merak to Labuan.
A cheaper alternative to access the park runs over land. From Labuan you may take the HM minibus (from Serang bus station) or a taxi to Tamanjaya (about Rp. 25,000, 3,5 hrs.). In Tamanjaya you’ll be able to arrange a boat to Pulau Peucang (Rp. 700,000), Pulau Handeleum (Rp. 200,000) or Pulau Panaitan (Rp. 900,000); mooring and boat entry permits are not included. Krakatau is best visited from Labuan.
Permits, local guides speaking only bahasa Indonesia (about Rp. 30,000/day, meals and cigarettes not included), English speaking guides (Rp. 100,000/day, meals and cigarettes not included) and accommodation can be arranged at the PHPA office in Labuan, or at Kagum in Jakarta (see below).
* Pulau Peucang
o PHPA Lodges plus restaurant
* Pulau Handeleum
o PHPA Guesthouse
o Sunda Jaya Homestay
About 100 meters from the main road. Prices (2004): Rp. 30.000,- (double) and Rp. 100.000 (double including private toilet, living room and fan), breakfast excluded.
o Wisma Wisata Alam is the first sea side lodge in Tamanjaya. They have four simple sea view rooms and one room inside the house (no private toilet). Room rates are Rp. 30.000,- (single) and 35.000,- (double) including breakfast, tea or coffee (all day). This simple guesthouse also has a shelter right in front of the beach. Since January 2004, this guesthouse is run by Koperasi Gema Umat (Kagum),which is affliated with WWF Ujungkulon.
Tel: +62 86 812 113 378 (Warca Dinata, the rhino carving man)
Mirza Sharz is the representative of Kagum in Jakarta/Bekasi. He can also organize trips to Ujung Kulon (ticket, guide, boat, meals, etc.).
He may be contacted at email@example.com
For more information about Kagum, please contact:
Mr. Adi Rahmat – Project Executant WWF Ujungkulon
o Guesthouse Alumbio the most luxurious accomodation in Tamanjaya. They have 5 large comfortable rooms (with 4 beds in each room), toilet and AC.
o Cegog Guesthouse
o Rancecet Guesthouse
* Citalang and Nyawaan
In Citadahan and Karangranjang, there are some small bivouacs, build at the trekking routes.
PHPA Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon Jl. Perintis Kermedekaan 51, Labuan
Regional Office of Nature Conservation II, Jl. Raja H. Mena No. 1/B, Tanjung Karang, Lampung
WWF, Km 13, Labuan
Kagum, Tel: +62 86 812 113 378, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
* Cidaun (near Pulau Peucang) – Karangranjang – Tamanjaya 3 days
* Tamanjaya – Kalejetan – Karangranjang – Tamanjaya 2 days
* Ciujungkulon – Gunung Payung – Cibunar – Ciujungkulon 1 day
* boat trip over the Cigenter river