|Car license numbers:|
|Lush valley,cascading waterfalls and active volcanoes. Tribes with a history of cannibalism and apes so similar to humans their name translates as ”man of the forest”.|
Getting to North Sumatra
Medan is primary gateway to Sumatra, served by daily direct flights from Singapore by Garuda Indonesia and Silk Air, and from Penang by Malaysian Airlines System (MAS).
Ferries ply between Penang and Port of Belawan. A fast, comfortable passenger liner sails biweekly from Jakarta to Medan.
When to Go
|Nightmare or ultimate experience|
The just recently completed trans-Sumatera highway stretches over the entire length of one of the biggest islands on the planet, a distance of over 2500 km. The journey from Bakauheini in the far south to Banda Aceh in the far north is certainly one of the most fascinating travel experiences of entire Indonesia.
The journey can also turn out to be a nightmare, full of frustrations and unconforting events. Much depents on a carefull preparation, enough time and a big enough resilience during inevitable delays and irritations, things that all travelers in Indonesia will eventually experience. Patience and tolerance are demanded and can make this journey into a travelling experience.
The way Jakarta-Banda Aceh can be done in one lap, but that”s dissuaded strongly. The journey will take about sixty hours and is very cheap, a challenge for travellers which want to test their endurance. The time of collapsed bridges and flooded roads has passed, the roads are reinforced, but mainly during the wet season, landslides can cause unpleasant surprises. The delay normally doesn”t last long. De national economy partially depends on the highway and can therefore not be closed down more than a few hours.
Start in Lampung
The next phase of the trans-Sumatera highway stretched over 385 km (nine hours) towards Muara Enim, over plaint which border to the eastern edges of Bukit Barisan. The road cuts through rubber- and oil-plantations and fields with corn. All rivers flow towards the east from Bukit Barisan, and create numerous crossings.
Sumatera Selatan and Jambi
Gunung Singgalang and Merapi
The last stage: Aceh
Sumatra 22 Musea
* Bandar Aceh Provincial Museum
* Bandar Aceh lskandar Muda Struggle Museum
* Lhokseumawe Malikussaleh Museum
* Arjuna Museum
* Balige Museum
* Medan Bukit Barisan History Museum
* Sidikalang Dairi Museum
* Karo Lingga Museum
* Medan North Sumatera Provincial Museum
* Pematang Siantar Simalungun Huta Bolon Museum
* Nias Pusaka Museum
* Bukittinggi Museum
* Riau Provincial Museum
* Kandil Museum
* Bengkulu Provincial Museum
* Jambi Provincial Museum
*”Balaputra Dewa” South Sumatera Provincial Museum
* Belitung Tin Mining Unit Museum
* Sultan Badaruddin Museum
* Monpera Museum
* The Subkoss Garuda Sriwijaya Museum
* “Ruwa Jurai” Lampung Provincial Museum.
|The State Museum of Aceh is run by the government and used for keeping various historical items, either from the kingdom period until the independence time. The historical collections that can be seen at this museum among others are the stamp of the Aceh Kingdom, the duplicate of the Malikul Saleh”s Tomb, ancient transcripts, and the coins of the Aceh Kingdom. |
Another collection that can be found in the museum is Cakra Donya Bell. There are few versions about the existence of this Bell. One of the version based on the script written on the top part of the bell, it was made in 1409. It was a gift offered to the Sultan of Aceh by the Chinese emperor to strengthen the relationship between them. According to Kremer in his book Aceh I the bell was made in 1469. This bell is about 1,25 meters high and 0,75 meter wide.
On 2 December 1915, during Governor H. N. A. Swart”s administration, the bell is taken down the ba”gloendong tree because there were some concerns that it would fall and break. The bell had to be taken down by some Chinese because it was thought to have been ghostly.
In 1939, the old bell of Sultan was hung with a chain in a wooden dome in front of the Aceh State Museum. When the outside part of the bell was cleaned it found out that the bell had carvings in Arabic and Chinese characters on it. The scripts were worn out and were unreadable anymore. It estimated that the bell used to be coated by golden layers. The symbols were carved on the iron plate of the bell and the gold was put into grooves.
The bell could have been a rusty temple bell whose golden characters were worn out or could been stolen by irresponsible people. The Chinese characters read a Sing Fang Niat Toeng Juut Kat Tjo, which means Sultan Sing Fa, was pour deep into month 12 out of 5 years.
The complex of Gold Stable Tomb (Tombs of Kings of Aceh) is located in the Baperis complex and the complex of State Aceh Museum. In the Baperis complex, there are two stable tombs of Kings of Aceh. The first one is called the Gold Stable and the other one is the Tomb complex of Sultan Mansyur Syah. As for those who were buried in the complex of Gold Stable among others were the Princess the daughter of Bengkulu King, Sultan Alaidin Mahmud Syah, King Darussalam, Teungku Zainal Abidin.
In the complex of Sultan Ibrahim Mansyur Syah, there were buried among others Pocut Rumoh Geudong (wife of Sultan Ibrahim Mansur), Pocut Sri Banun (son of Sultan Ibrahim Mansur), Sultan Ibrahim Mansyur Syah (who reigned from 1836-1870), Sultan Muhammad Syah (son of Sultan Mahmud Syah), Sultan Husein Johar Al-alam Syah (son of Sultan Muhammad Syah), Putoru Binen (sister of Sultan Ibrahim Mansur Syah), Tuanku Husein Pangeran Anom (son of Sultan Ibrahim Mansur), Tuanku Cut Zainal Abidin, Teungku Chik, Tuanku Raja Ibrahim (son of Sultan Mohammad Daud Syah).
In the complex of the State Museum of Aceh, there rests Sultan Alaidin Ahmad Syah (1727-1735), Sultan Alauddin Johan Syah (1735-1760), Sultan Alauddin Mohammad Daud Syah (1781-1795), and Pocut Mohammad (son of Sultan Ahmad Syah).
In the west side of the Tomb of Sultan Iskandar Muda, we can see the State Mansion (Meuligo Aceh). This mansion is the official resident for the governor of Aceh. The mansion was built under Dutch military government. It is constructed on the ruin of the Sultan”s palace. The architecture is a combination between European and Aceh architecture.
Bandar Aceh lskandar Muda Struggle Museum
|Gunongan -Gunongan is a man made miniature mountain built by Sultan Iskandar Muda 1608-1638 for his wife Putro Phang (From Malaysia). This building likely functioned as an important recreational peace located in the Taman Sari Park for the Queen and other royal family members to climb.It is quite enjoyable to visit this place during the late afternoon or sunset.|
|Lhokseumawe is a town located 274 km from Banda Aceh which is now being developed as an industrial zone. Many gigantic plants are constructed following the discovery of huge LNG resources in the area. Touristic features of the town is a.o. Samudera Pasai. It was the first great Islamic kingdom of Indonesia. All that remains of it, however, is a graveyard 18 km east of the town. One of the graves belongs to Malikussaleh, as Samudera Pasai”s first king. Other objects for visitors are Blang Kolam Falls and Ujung Blang beach|
Medan Provincial Museum
|A large museum, it is localted on Jl. Joni 51 and not far from the Mesjid Raya.This museum has a wide range of weapons on display used in the war of independence as well as prehistoric artifacts, Bhuddist statues and an excellent array of Batik from the area. The two Arabic gravestones from the 8th century AD are magnificent.|
Medan Bukit Barisan History Museum
|Located on Jl H. Zainal Arifin, it is basically a military museum with most of the objects on display being of the wartime resistance, and, in particular the 1958 Sumatran rebellion. At the rear of the building there are tribal cultural exhibits as well as traditional houses replicas.|
Sidikalang Dairi Museum
|The museum is located in the town of Sidikalang. It has an interesting collection of historiael remains and cultural products of the dairi people, also a disply of the traditional Dairi costoms.|
|Among the tribal houses is the Rumah Bolon, or long house of the Batak chief. It was built by the XII Chief of the Bataks, Tuan Rahalim. The long house was built of solid teak and stand on twenty poles. The roof gables are ornately decorated with designs in red, black and white, the traditional Batak colours. These colours carry special significance, white denotes the holy spirit, red denotes the way of life, and black denotes black magic.|
Simanindo Huta Bolon Museum
|t the northern tip of the island, in Simanindo, there”s a fine old traditional house that has been restored and now functions as a museum. Museum Huta Bolon Simanindo was formerly the home of Rajah Simalungun, a Batak king, and his 14 wives. Originally, the roof was decorated with 10 buffalo horns, which represented the 10 generations of the dynasty. The museum has a small but interesting collection of brass cooking utensils, weapons, Dutch and Chinese crockery, sculptures and Batak carvings.|
Displays of traditional Batak dancing are performed at 10:30 from Monday to Saturday (30,000Rp), if enough tourists show up.
The village of Simanindo is 15km from Tuk Tuk and is accessible by hired motorbike.
Karo Lingga Museum
|About 15 km south of Berastagi just of the main road is the small Karo Batak village Lingga. This village is in a poor state but gives a good example of the traditional houses of the Karo Batak. The houses which are about 120 years old are built without using nails. Guides will try to get you on their tour through the village but it is very well possible to walk around alone. The people sometimes perform a local dance for the tourists but be prepared to give a small donation. |
Not far from Lingga is the village of Purba. In the traditional village don”t live people anymore and it is completely restored for use as a museum now. It is nice to see the traditional King”s house which also is build without a single nail. Near the village is the graveyard where the kings and their family who once lived in Purba are buried.
Nias Pusaka Museum
A very nice site : http://www.niastourismboard.com/nias/culture.php
|Gunungsitoli is home to Nias”s only museum, the Museum Pusaka Nias (Nias Heritage Foundation), which houses over 6000 objects related to Nias”s cultural heritage. The museum had recently built a new building and had improved their storage and exhibitions when the 2004 earthquake and tsunami occurred. The museum suffered some damage to the grounds and collections, but museum staff are working to recover from this devastating event|
|Rumah Adat Baandjuang Museum. It is 140 years old classic rumah adat (clan house). It exhibit include wedding and dance costumes, head dressers, musical instruments, village crafts and historic weaponry.|
Riau Provincial Museum
|South of the city centre, not far from the airport, is Pekanbaru”s museum, housing historical remains from the region. The museum is built in traditional Riau-Malay style. Next door to the museum is Taman Budaya Riau, which comprises several traditional houses. The place is designated as the centre of cultural activities. The museum known by the name of Sang Nila Utama is a Malay traditional architectural model building located at Jenderal Sudirman Street Pekanbaru, not far from Sultan Syarif Kasim II airport. The museum, which is opened daily, except on Sunday and holidays, is keeping various collection of objects of art, history and culture from Riau area in general. Next to the museum, there is also a building with nearly similar architectural feature, i.e. Riau Cultural Park Building, which is appropriated as the centre of various art and cultural activity.|
|The museum contains an eccentric but impressive collection of historical artifacts-ceramics, manuscripts, Kris and guns.|
Bengkulu Provincial Museum
|Bengkulu museum is located on the south side of the main road in Bengkulu city, Pembangunan St. Here, you can see an extensive collection ranging from prehistoric stone and ancient bronze drum to wooden models of traditional houses. Other display include traditional Engganese textile and looms of special interest, the Batik clothes made in Bengkulu called Kain Besurek with design incorporating Arabic Calligraphy and Majapahit sunburst.|
Jambi Provincial Museum
|The old harbor area with it”s candi and menapo (masonry temples and channels) is over 1,500 hectares and is about 26 kilometres downstream from the modern capital on the other (northern) shore of the river. This biggest archeological complex of Sumatra, with a small but very interesting museum, can be reached from Jambi by waterbus or chartered speedboat. The full size of the location and the connected river villages is not known yet. The restoration of the three most important structures (Tinggi Temple, Gumpung Temple and Kedaton Temple, the last with a core of unusual small river stones) has been completed. Under the findings in Muara Jambi is an exceptional nice Prajnaparamita statue, without head, comparable with the one in the National Museum in Jakarta from the beginning of the 13th century. Under the pressure of the ever-closing agriculture the excavations and restorations continue in a race against time.|
Balaputra Dewa South Sumatera Provincial Museum
|This Museum was built in 1977 designed with Palembang traditional architectural above 23.565 meters square area and has been opened on November, 5, 1984. At the first, the museum was called as Museum Negeri Sumatra Selatan, and then base on mandate letter of Indonesian education and cultural ministry no: 1223/1990 in April, 4, 1990 the museum has given a new name, Museum Negeri Provinsi Sumatra Selatan Bala Putra Dewa. Bala Putra Dewa is taken from the name of Sriwijaya empire king that ruled South Sumatra in 7th-8th century, he made Sriwijaya became a glorious empire.|
Inside the museum, saved many collections that present various of South Sumatra culture and environment. The exhibits at the museum gallery include histography etnography and felology things, ceramics, modern tech, artistic craft, flora, fauna and geology. In additional to that, there are also ‘Limas’ house and purely Ulu’s house.
Sultan Badaruddin Museum
|Museum of Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II. It was used as the palace of Sultan. It has an imposing semi circular staircase and was built by the Dutch in 1823, which located near Musi River. Another museum is Balaputra Dewa Museum which located 5,5 km from the center of Palembang.|
|This monument is located in the center of Palembang city. This monument is built in the memory of South Sumatra people struggle when fought the colonist clan in the era of physical revolution. This event known as “ five days fought” which happened at 1st January 1947, which entangling all the society fighting with colonist. |
The collection in this museum include the armor and the arm that used in the battle, War document, and things that related with that event. This monument is opened for public
Location : Jl. Merdeka in front of Mesjid Agung
The Subkoss Garuda Sriwijaya Museum
|Museum Subkoss Garuda beach is a struggle of the Museum of South Sumatra, was established to honor and preserve the values of the struggle that has been done by the people of southern Sumatra in maintaining the independence of the Republic of Indonesia.|
Ruwa Jurai Lampung Provincial Museum.
|Lampung Museum on Jalan Teuku Umar. There you can see the ancient objects, the remain of ceramic from China and Siam, or household utensils which is from centuries ago. The museum is opened on monday until saturday. Taman budaya or art center is place for presenting the classical music and traditional dances of Lampung. it takes fifteen minutes to get there from center of town. Not far from here, only ten minutes drive you can take view of Lampung Bay and Bandar Lampung municipality at the hill on Puncak Saindah of Sukadanaham village.|
It has 3.233 collections compiled from prehistory, Hindu, Buddha and Islamic Age. The Museum also collects local and foreign ceramic from China. We can also find the statue from Hindu-Buddhist period, household utensils from ancient time, old tapirs clothes, ancient traditional boat, war outfits etc.There we can see the ancient objects, remain of ceramic from China and Siam, or household utensils, which is from centuries ago. The museum is opened on Monday until Saturday. Taman budaya or art center is place for presenting the classical music and traditional dances of Lampung. It takes fifteen minutes to get there from center of town.
Sumatra 62 Tribes
|Abung Aceh Batak Alas-Kluet Batak Angkola Batak Dairi Batak Karo Batak Mandailing Batak Simalungun Batak Toba Bengkulu Enggano Enim Gayo Kaur Kayu Agung Kerinci Komering Krui Kubu Lampung Lematang Lembak Lintang Lom Loncong Lubu Malay Malay, Jambi Mentawai Minangkabau Muko-Muko Musi Nias Ogan Palembang Pasemah Pekal Penesak Pesisir, Southern Pubian Ranau Rawas Rejang Semendo Serawai Sikule Simeulue Sindang Kelingi Sungkai|