South East Sulawesi
Tanjung Amelengo Game Reserve
|A. Legal base, location, and space|
The Amolengo Forest of 850 ha is located Amolengu Village, Lainea Sub-district, South Konawe District. It is geographically positioned between 3-ª57′ –ª59′ southern laitude and 122-ª48′ – 122-ª50′ eastern longitude. This area has been set as a wildlife reserve on October 25, 1975 by decree of Minister of Agriculture no. 423/Kpts/Um/10/1975. Now the total area of Amolengu Forest has been scaled down to be 550 ha because of community settlement in Amolengu and Rumba-Rumba Villages. Amolengu Forest is a habitat of Anoa.
Amolengu Wildlife Reserve is bordered by Amolengo Village in the north, Buton Strait in the east, Kolono Bay in the south, and Rumba-Rumba Village in the west. management of this area is under the authority of RPH Tanjung Polewali, BKPH Laiwoi Selatan, KPH Kendari.
Amolengo Wildlife Reserve is situated at 0 – 100 m above sea level which is topographically flat and mountainous with slope 5 – 30%. The annual rainfall is 2.815 mm with humidity 80,3 %. The warmest temperature is 33-ªC and the coolest is 20-ªC. Rainy season is in Januari – Juni, and dry season in July – December.
According to Mustari (1996), the Amolengo is composed of four forest formation, namely primary forest, secondary forest, coastal forest and mangrove forest, with high richness of flora. At least 101 tree species are grown there. The dominant vegetation within its primary forest are: ‘nguru’ (Tarrietia riedeliana), ‘rao’ (Dracontomelon mangiferum), and ‘kolasa’ (Parinari corymbosa). In the secondary forest there are ‘bolongita’ (Tetrameles nudiflora), ‘osee’ (Evodia celebica), ‘ondolea’ (Canangium odoratum), and ‘kalengka’ (Anthocephalus macrophyllus). In the coastal forest grown ‘dungun’ (Heritiera littoralis), ‘buta-buta’ (Exoecaria agallocha), ‘bambaelo’ (Dolichandrone spathacea), ‘cendrana’ (Pterocarpus indicus), and ‘taloe’ (Cynometra ramiflora). The dominant vegetation in its mangrove forest are: ‘tongke’ (Bruguiera gymnorrhiza), ‘bakau’ (Rhizophora mucronata), and ‘tangir’ (B. carryophylloides).
Some wildlife found in the Amolengo are low land anoa (Bubalus depressicornis), deer (Cervus timorensis), Sulawesi black monkey (Macaca ochreata), wild pig (Sus celebensis), and squirrel (Callosciurus sp.). There are also various species of birds: Sulawesi hornbill (Rhyticeros cassidix), grey dove (Ducula aenea), white dove (Ducula bicolor), ‘ekek’ (Loriculus stigmatus), ‘koda’ (Tanygnathus sumatranus), yellow bird (Oriulus chinensis), and red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus). During rainy season, the following water birds are populated there: lesser tree duck (Dendrocygna arquata), black stork (Ciconia episcopus), ‘cangak merah’ (Ardea purpurea), ‘cekakak’ (Halycon chloris), ‘raja udang merah’ (Halcyon coromanda), and ‘raja udang kecil’ (Alcedo atthis).
Management of Amolengo Wildlife Reserve is under the authority of Resort KSDA Tg. Amolengo which is controlled by 2 personnel.
Amolengo Wildlife Reserve is accessible from kendari both by land and by sea. It is about -ª 90 km or 2 – 2,5 hours by car.
The main problem identified is the area of 550 ha is too small for the home range of anoa. Other problems are illegal logging, hunting, grabbing rattan.