Manusela National Park
Manusela National Park in Maluku is made up of coastal forest, swamp forest, lowland rain forest, and montane rain forest ecosystem types, with a range of associated vegetation types including mangrove, riparian, and sub-alpine.
Among the plants that grow in this Park are tancang (Bruguiera sexangula), mangrove (Rhizophora acuminata), api-api (Avicennia sp.), lime (Dryobalanops sp.), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), ketapang (Terminalia catappa), pandan (Pandanus sp.), meranti (Shorea selanica), benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), matoa/kasai (Pometia pinnata), cajuput (Melaleuca leucadendron), and various species of orchid.
There are about 117 species of bird, 14 of them endemic, like the eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus roratus), purple-naped lory (Lorius domicella), salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis), lazuli kingfisher (Halcyon lazuli), sacred kingfisher (H. sancta), Seram friarbird (Philemon subcorniculatus), and Moluccan king parrot (Alisterus amboinensis). The population of the endemic salmon-crested cockatoo is now gravely threatened due to hunting and the destruction of its habitat.
Other animals include the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis moluccensis), common cuscus (Phalanger orientalis orientalis), water-hagedis dragon (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), wild pig (Sus celebensis), marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata), giant skink (Tiliqua gigas gigas), dugong (Dugong dugon), common green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and various species of butterfly.
Steep, fast-flowing rivers traverse the Park. Mount Binaya, at ” 3,027 m asl, is the highest of the Park’s six mountains.
Four villages-Manusela, Ilena Maraina, Selumena and Kanike-form an enclave in the Park. The local people
who live there believe that the mountains within the Park area give them their spirit and protect them from harm. This belief implies that the local people take care to protect and conserve the balance of nature that surrounds them.
Tepi Merkele, Tepi Kabipoto, Wae Kawa: exploring the forest, climbing and observing animals and plants.
Pasahari: observing deer and birds.
Wai Isal: camping, exploring the forest, observing animals and plants.
Pilana: observing butterflies and exploring the forest.
Mt. Binaya: climbing, waterfalls, and exploring the forest.
Cultural attractions outside the Park: the Masohi Festival in November, kora-kora (rowing) races in April, and the Darwin Ambon International Yacht race in July, in Ambon.
Best time of year to visit: May to October.
How to reach the Park: The Park can be reached either by the north coast (Sawai and Wahai), or the south coast (Tehoru and Moso). The route from Moso is preferred by those like climbing, since it has a slope of about 30%. From Ambon to Saka by bus and ferry (daily), about 8 hours, then proceed to Wahai by speedboat, about 2 hours. Alternatively, from Ambon to Wahai by ship, about 24 hours (3 times a week). There is a flight from Ambon to Wahai once a week. Or, from Ambon to Tehoru by motor boat (about 9 hours), then to Moso and Saunulu village.
Total area of 189,000 hectares
Seram can be reached from Ambon by boat from Tulehu harbour to Amahai/Masohi. From Masohi there are several possibilities to access the park:
Northern approach: take a bus from Masohi to Saka and from there continue by boat to Alakamat or Wahai.
Southern approach: take a bus from Amahai to Tehoru and from there continue by boat to Mosso.
Permits are available at the KSDA office on Ambon. Guides can be found in Ambon, Wahai, Masohi, Mosso and in villages on the way.
There are no losmen or hotels in the park. You can sleep and eat in the villages but accommodation and food are simple.
Several losmen and penginapan
Losmen Sinar Indah
KSDA, Jl.Kebun Cengkeh, Batu Merah Atas, Ambon
KSDA Maluku, Jl.Pandan Kasturi, Tantui, Ambon
Birdlife International, Jl.Ppandan Kasturi SK 43/3, Tantui, Ambon
Manusela National Park Centre, Sasa Ratu (near Wahai)
PHPA, Air Besar
The easiest way to explore Manusela National Park goes from the north to the south. As the south has more tourist development most visitors take the southern approach although accessing the park from this site makes the ascent of the Pegunungan Merkele mountain range much harder.
Alakamat or Wahai – Wasa – Roho – Wasa Mata – Kanikeh – Selumena – Manusela – Sinahari – Hatumetan – Mosso or vice versa 7-8 days
Kanikeh – Gunung Binaiya 2-3 days
Selumena – Solealama – Wasai 3 days
|Day 01 : JAKARTA|
Arrive in Jakarta, our guide will pick you up and take you to the hotel.
Day 02 : JAKARTA – AMBON – MASOHI
After breakfast transfer to the airport for flight to Pattimura airport in Ambon island. Upon arrival, immediately depart to the sea port for Masohi city by boat in Seram, the largest island in the Maluku island. Over night at Manusela National Park guest house. (B,L,D)
Day 03 : MASOHI – TEHORU – MANUSELA NATIONAL PARK AREA
After breakfast drive for 3 hours to Tehoru and sail by boat to Manusela National Park area. (B,L,D)
Day 04 – 10: NATIONAL PARK EXPLORE
Explore in Manusela National Park. (B,L,D)
Day 11: MANUSELA NATIONAL PARK – MASOHI – AMBON
Early morning we sail to Tehoru by boat and drive back to Masohi. After lunch proceed to the sea port for another sailing trip to Ambon city. (B,L,D)
Day 12: AMBON
After lunch, visit Waiselaka Pond in WAAI, its clear cristal water inhabited by holy eel, and afterwards we see the crazy bamboo performance. Overnight at a hotel. (B,L,D)
Day 13: AMBON
On the way to Latulahat, a stop will be made at the Provincial museum, then visit Waemahu to see the clove art factory, proceed to Namalatu beach for shell collecting or refreshing swim. In the afternoon, we go to WAAI and if you are lucky you will have a glimpse of the sacred eels before we continue to Hunimua beach. (B,L,D)
Day 14: AMBON – JAKARTA
Free morning to shop for souvenirs until transfer to the airport. (B)