Sangiran Museum, Solo, Central Java

Sangiran Museum is the most complete early human archaeological sites in Asia. Covering an area of ​​56 km² area is located at the foot of Mount Lawu, Central Java, about 15 km north of Surakarta in the Solo River valley. Sangiran provide complete information covers the history of early human life habitat, pattern of life, animals that live with him, until the process of landscape within a period of not less than 2 million years (Late Pliocene to late Middle Pleistocene).

Meanwhile, Sangiran Museum is located in the Area of ​​this archaeological site. Here you can see a collection of about 13 809 hominid fossils and is the most comprehensive in Asia. There is also a vertebrate fossils, fossils of aquatic animals, rocks, fossils of marine plants, stone tools, and some animals such as rhinoceroses, cows, deer, bison, and buffalo. There are also audio-visual room to watch the fossil remains of prehistoric life in Sangiran. Sangiran Museum today into a magnificent museum with modern architecture. In Isni you can see up close the collection of ancient human fossils, animals that lived at that time, to the equipment it uses.

Sangiran site is scientifically interesting sights. This place has a high value to science and is an asset Indonesia. Since 1977 Sangiran site set by the Minister of Education and Culture of Indonesia as a cultural heritage. 1996 Sangiran registered in the World Heritage Site by UNESCO as World Heritage (# 593, document WHC-96 / Conf.201 / 21).

Since the enactment as World Heritage by UNESCO, Sangiran give contribution to the development of science in the world, especially the science of archeology, geology, paleoanthropology, and biology. Judging from the findings, Sangiran is the most complete archaeological sites in Asia and the world.

Sangiran includes three districts in Sragen is Kalijambe, Gemolong and Plupuh and Gondangrejo in Karanganyar. Initially Sangiran is a dome, called the Dome of the research Sangiran then eroded peak thus forming a depression due to the movement of the river flow. In the depression was found a layer of soil that contains information about life in the past. sangiran , world heritage

In 1934 anthropologist Gustav Heinrich Ralph von Koenigswald started the research in the area. In the subsequent years of excavations discovered the fossil Pithecanthropus erectus or Java Man. There are about 60 more fossils among other palaeojavanicus Meganthropus fossil found at this site.

Sangiran area very interesting mystery to be revealed. Early human species Homo erectus found in Sangiran region there are about more than 100 individuals who experienced the evolution of no less than 1 million years. This amount represents 65% of all ancient human fossils found in Indonesia and represents 50% of the number of similar fossils found in the world. Type of Homo erectus found is from the Pleistocene Early and Middle Pleistocene, and probably also in Pelistosen End. The human species has a characteristic height of approximately 165-180 cm with upright posture, but not setegap Meganthropus. They have molars were still large, powerful jaws, thick brow ridge and cross on the forehead from temple to temple and rear protrusions real head, chin and nose width no. The development of new brain has a volume of approximately 800-1100 cc and humans is classified in archaic Homo erectus.

In addition to ancient human fossils, in Sangiran there are also fossil vertebrates to mollusk shells. Vertebrate fossils found in all layers (Kalibeng, Kabuh, and Notopuro). It was also found fossils of ancient elephants, rhinoceros, buffalo, cattle, buffalo, and elk. It is estimated that these animals contemporaries with Homo erectus and become their prey.

Overall fossils that have been discovered to date as much as 13 809 pieces. A total of 2,934 fossils stored in the Exhibition Hall Museum Sangiran and 10 875 other fossils stored in the warehouse. Some early human fossils are kept in the Geological Museum of Bandung and Yogyakarta paleoanthropologist Laboratory.

Field fossil in Sangiran site is very typical, you can see clearly on the rugged steep ie stratigraphy shows four formations (soil layers). Stratigraphy is the study of the history, composition and relative age and distribution of soil layering and interpretation of geological strata to explain the history of the Earth.

The existence of Sangiran area is very important and interesting, in fact you can see the location of the findings and stratigraphic layers are millions of years old. Currently the area is an area of ​​56 sq km is still inhabited by people around Sangiran. Sangiran is a very important asset both nationally and internationally.

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