|Papua West & Raja Ampat Islands|
Irian Jaya comprises the western half of the world’s second largest island, New Guinea. Irian Jaya is a true patchwork of ethnicities and one of the last great unexplored regions of our precious earth. Twenty percent of Irian Jaya’s land and marine parks are designated conservation areas yielding the highest fish and coral count of any sea.
Marine biodiversity is evident everywhere rivaling any tropical rainforests in species density. Irian Jaya has a tremendous variety of creatures on the reefs. From over 3000 recorded fish species, 300 scleractinian (reef building corals), 100 sponge species, dolphins, dugong, hawksbill (Ertmochelys imbricata), green (Chelonia) and leatherback turtles (Dermochelys coriacea) who lay their eggs in Irian Jaya.
Fewer than two million people live in Irian Jaya’s 410,660 square kilometers. Unique flora and fauna abound including the bird of paradise, the giant cassowary bird and bird winged butterlies Idyllic islands finged with white sand beaches, dotted isles filled with hanging orchids and venus fly traps, Irian Jaya’s western tip holds some truly stunning regions both above water and below.
This small area in Indonesia has the richest coral reef life in the world. Kind of the coral reef epicenter of the planet. It’s expected to soon become the first marine Unesco World Heritage Site.
Apart from the reefs, this area also has some of the most stunning top-side views in the world; lime stone islands that reminds you of, but are even more dramatic than, the famous Rock Islands of Palau; big cathedral-like caves inside the islands; quiet lagoons with crystal white sand and water in every shade of blue and green; bird life such as the Birds of Paradise that brought Alfred Russel Wallace to this region over a century ago; the most stunning sunsets you’ll ever see; and – almost no tourists…
The Raja Ampats, located west of the Birds Head Peninsula, are administratively part of Papua Barat/Iran Jaya, but they are very different from the rest of west Papua, which the travel guides are focused on. Geographically and when it comes to nature, history and culture, the Ampats are in many ways closer to Moluku.
Raja Ampat* means “the four ‘kings'”, a name dating back to the 15th century, when the Sultanate of Tidore – one of the muslim sultanates in the original Maluku west of Halmahera – appointed four local “rajas” in Misool, Salawati, Batanta and Waigeo.
Even earlier, Seramese traders from small islands off the eastern tip of Seram had established trade settlements, sosolot, throughout the region, exchanging cloth, beads, and other products from western Indonesia for trepang, plumes, forest products and slaves from Papua. There where also a strong ties to the island of Biak east of the Bird’s Head Peninsula.
Rock paintings found in caves in Misool and in on the west coast of the Birds Head, as well as bronze artifacts, show that trade with other parts of Asia was already established 2 – 3 000 years ago.
Going further back, it should be noted that just 10 000 years ago, at the end of the last ice age, most of what is currently sea in this area was still land, roughly corresponding to the lighter blue parts in the Raja Ampat Map. This means that most of the early coastal settlements in this area are now submerged, and will require underwater archeology to be found and explored.