Nusa Penida, Pura Goa Giri Putri
n Bali, there are many caves that serve as a place of worship. In one cave on Nusa Penida, there is a temple called Pura Goa Giri Putri. The uniqueness of what can be seen from the existence of heaven Jagat temple is situated in the hamlet Karangsari, Pakraman Suana Village, District of Nusa Penida, Klungkung.
Long time ago, at the time of first human Neolithikum live without norm, without rules, to apply a normative pattern of homo-homini lupus – a single human being “wolves” for another man, then apply the law of the jungle, the strongest is the winner. Each man tried to defend life from natural ferocity, like raging beasts, heavy rain, the brunt of the wind, and sunshine sting. Then they need shelter and reproduction for the survival of offspring. In addition to the use of such cave, the cave is also said to be a place to meditate to invoke a direct gift from the gods.
In general, there is a river cave, bats, snakes, and stalagnit (resembling stone deposits grew from under the cave leading to the cave ceiling) and the stalactite (deposits that resemble rocks, emerging from the wall / ceiling of the cave leading to the cave floor). During its development, human thought patterns a new life with a fixed settlement patterns and support the increasingly sophisticated technology in order to be able to realize a better life. Despite increasingly modern life, but reality shows that prehistoric or cultural traditions in the cave still exist with the function of a growing or changing.
The word “giri” means mountain itself, the mountains or hills, while the “daughter” means a woman. In Hinduism the concept, “princess” in question is the symbolic name for the power of God, has the nature of motherhood or womanhood. So Goa Giri Putri is a space or cavity of a certain size as the dwelling place of God in the manifestation of the power of women (called Hyang Giri Putri), no other is one of the magic of the power of God in His manifestation as Shiva. Here, Giri Princess is the name given to one of the largest cave in the island of Nusa Penida.