North Sumatra Danau Toba Nature Reserve

 North Sumatra

Danau Toba Nature Reserve

Latitude : 2 36 3 N Logitude : 98 44 38 E
Altitude : 0 to 850 metres
Area : 112970 ha Wetlands: 112970 ha
Tenure : Government of Indonesia (?)
Site Description
This caldera lake is the largest and deepest (up to 450 m) lake in S.E. Asia. The surrounding steep peaks and slopes (up to 2150 m) are presumably of volcanic origin. A large island is situated in the centre of the lake. There is no riverine input; water supply is by rainfall. An outlet river flows north-east to Tanjung Balige. Area is approximately 112,970 hectares according to Giesen (pers comm 1992).
Site Location
Lake Danau is 174 km south of Medan in central North Sumatra. Main and provincial roadway surrounds the lake, and the island, Pulau Samosir, is accessible by vehicle from the western side of the mainland. Provincial roadway also runs the perimeter of the island.
List of Birds (4 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Charadrius dubius
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Pluvialis fulva

List of Fish (15 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Aplocheilus panchax
Barbodes gonionotus
Channa gachua
Channa striata
Clarias batrachus
Clarias nieuhofi
Cyprinus carpio
Lebistes reticulatus
Nemacheilus fasciatus
Oreochromis mossambicus
Osphronemus goramy
Osteochilus hasseltii
Puntius binotatus
Rasbora jacobsoni
Trichogaster trichopterus

List of Vegetations (15 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Eichhornia crassipes
Eupatorium odoratum
Ipomoea aquatica
Ludwigia adscendens
Mimosa pigra
Myriophyllum spicatum
Nelumbo nucifera
Nymphaea pubescens
Panicum repens
Phragmites karka
Polygonum barbatum
Polygonum pulchrum
Potamogeton malaianum
Scirpus grossus
Stachytarpheta indica




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