Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve
|(Surat Keputusan) Mentan No. 1049/Kpts/Um/12/1981, 24 Desember 1981. Luas areal 3.196 hektar.|
|Wildlife in the area Tangkoko already widely known and visited by Alfred Russel Wallace in 1861. In Tangkoko, Wallace collected specimens and maleo babirusa that time was very easy to find. At that time, the black sand beach is a place nestled Tangkoko and maleo eggs. As a result of exploitation by local people, the colony on the coast Tangkoko maleo no longer found in 1915, and left only a small number of colonies in the interior. Tangkoko area was first established as the Dutch East Indies Government protected forest in the year 1919 based on 21.2.1919 stbl GB. 90, and expanded in 1978 with the stipulation Duasudara Nature Reserve (4299 hectares) under the Ministry of Agriculture Decree No. 700/Kpts/Um/11/78.|
On December 24, 1981, Agriculture Minister Decree No. 1049/Kpts/Um/12/81 establish this area as a nature reserve of Mount Tangkoko Batuangus. The letter set the same decision area of 615 hectares of nature reserve and the Sub-District Tangkoko Batuputih as Batuputih Park, and the area of 635 hectares of nature reserve, and Village Tangkoko Pinangunian as Batuangus Nature Park.
This area has a gentle slope to the hilly topography of coastal forest, lowland forest, montane forests, and forests of moss. In this area there are two peaks: Mount Tangkoko (1109 m) and Mount Two Brothers (1109 m) and Mount Batuangus (450 m) in the southeast. In the northeast there Pata Highlands.
In this area there are rain forests dominated by roach (Ficus septica Burm.f.), Ares (Duabanga moluccana), forest gora (Phaleria capitata Jack.), Mango forests (Buchanania arborescens Bl.) Lengki (Leea angulata Korth.), bintangar (Kleinchofia hospita L.), and encouragement (Bignoniaceae), and nantu (Palaquim obtusifolium). In the forest of moss can be found edelweis (Anaphalis javanica) and IN PLANTS (Nepenthes gymnamphora)
In the area of White Rock Park there are plants such as beach ketapan, Bitung, pandanus, teak, and mahang (Macaranga).
Sulawesi black monkeys (Macaca tongkeana), tarsier (Tarsius spectrum), polecat (Ailurops ursinus), pygmy possum (Strigocuscus celebensis), anoa, squirrels (Tupaia sp), ferrets sulawesi (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii).
In 1980 recorded some 140 species of birds, including birds year (Rhythitceras cassidix) and maleo (Macrocephalon maleo) is endemic. Other species of Green Imperial-pigeon (Ducula aenea), thrush, hair tufts (Dicrurus hottentottus), starlings tunggir-red (Scissirostrum dubium), king-prawn-purple cheeks (Cittura cyanotis), red shrimp sulawesi (Ceyx fallax), plop sulawesi (Otus manadensis), rangkok sulawesi (Penelopides exarhatus).
Types of reptiles and snakes that were found are developing python (Python reticulatus), cobra (Naja naja), King Cobra (Ophiophagus hannah), Tropidolaemus wagleri, soa-soa (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), indicus monitor lizard (Varanus indicus), and lizard flying wing red (Draco sp.)  Creatures of the sea green turtle (Chelonia mydas), star fruit turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) and hawksbill (Eretmochelys imbricata).
This nature reserve about 60 km from Manado or 20 km from Kota Bitung. In Bitung hotels and inns are for travelers. At Deer Horn of District adjacent to a nature reserve where there is also an inn.