– North Sulawesi, Minahasa, Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations and Tribes

 North Sulawesi

Minahasa, Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations and Tribes 

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Minerals, Mining,, gold, copper, Iron, Zinc, Sulawesi, minahasa, gorontalo, Nature Reserves, Minerals and Mining, Plantations

Goods Mine which is explored and exploitation is gold, sand go out to sea the, iron ore, iron sand, limestone and manganese. Besides big company, people or business activity referred in ordinary mining illegal of CASE (Gold Mine of without Permit) also partake to enliven the effort mining in this province. About 7,250 CASE is gone the round of Regency of Balaang Mangondow, Regency of Minahasa South Arch, Regency of Minahasa North, Regency of Minahasa and Regency Sangihe.

To fulfill electrics requirement, governmental have developed the evocation of electrics of geothermal power (PLTP) Lahending, with the capacities attached by equal to 80 MW and start to operate since 2006. Experienced resource of earth heat in this time circulate wide in society of because relative more free.

Mine Companies

Desa Toraget
Mount Sibayak, Brastagi,
Pani prospect, Gorontalo Province
Tapadaa Cu deposit, Gorontalo Province,
Tombulilato Cu deposit, Gorontalo Province,

Golf Clubs


Wenang Golf Club

Address :Wenang Golf Club
Mr. AA Maramis Kayuwatu
Jl, Kairagi, Manado North Sulawesi
Office: Jl. Dr. Sutomo II No.4-6, Manado, Sulawesi Utara
Telephone +62-431-52269
Office: +62-431 64347
Fax Office: +62-431 52690
Website N/A
Email N/A
Holes 18
Length N/A
Par N/A
Visitors Open to the public every day from sunrise to sunset.
Green Fees
Foreigners -B
Indonesian guests -A.
This includes caddy fee but you must tip him afterwards.
Course Designer N/A

Was opened in 1978
Wenang Golf Course is located in Kayuwatu about 7 km from downtown Manado, on the road to Sam Ratulangi International Airport.
It can be easily reached from Manado by microlet: from the Paal-dua terminal, take the Lapangan, Poli, or Perum microlet.
Clubhouse, restaurant, drinks
Caddies are available for hire
Description Difficult to read greens, listen to your caddy’s advice.
Views of mountain Klabat

Manado Golf Club

Address Manado Golf Club
Jl. Raya Pelud Sem Ratulangi, Manado , North Sulawesi
Telephone +62-431-864036
Website/Email N/A
Holes/Length/Par N/A
Green Fees
Facilities N/A

Proposed World Heritage

Waruga Burial Complex North Sulawesi

nature reserve, proposed world heritage, waruga

nature reserve, proposed world heritage, waruganature reserve, proposed world heritage, waruga

Date of Submission: 19/10/1995
Criteria: (i)
Category: Cultural
Submission prepared by:
Directorate General for Culture
North Sulawesi
Ref.: 292

This ancient cemetery of Minahasan ancestors consist of 144 stone sarcophagi, remnants of the Megalithic age. “Waruga” sarcophagi are unique square stone with holes in the middle and prism shaped lids. The tombs are carved with various motifs such as human beings, plants, animals, and traditional geometrical motifs like clouds, strings, curls and double braids. The cemetery is located in Sawangan village, about 24 km from Manado.

Waruga is a stone grave made of domato stone or mountain stone. Some warugas are already hundreds of years old, some of them are 500 years old, and some are even 1,200 years old. In 1817, the warugas were collected, and they were all 144 warugas. All over Minahasa, there are 2,000 warugas. The making of waruga was prohibited in 1800 because of the spreading of cholera and typhoid which might be caused by the unpleasant smell coming out of the warugas. Since then, dead people have been buried under the ground.

Waruga is the traditional cemetery of Minahasan. That time, everybody made their own warugas. On the warugas they carved motifs which reflected each of their occupations. If the person was a judge, then the motif was court of justice. In the cemetery, there is a waruga with the motif of a woman giving birth to a child. It is said that it is the grave of a midwive. According to the local belief, childless couple could have children if they visit the midwive’s waruga.

The way to do a funeral:
When a person dies, then the corpse will be seated on a chair and tied there until it is stiff. After that, the corpse is untied, then it is brought to circle the house three times as a symbol that the person is no longer among his/her family, but in another world. The corpse then put into waruga with a plate under it, and all his/her beloved things (such as: blade, glass, bracelet, necklace, beads, pendant, etc) are also put inside waruga.

Sulawesi Tribes

North Sulawesi 15 Tribes

North Sulawesi , Tribes , gorontalo, minahasa, tombulu, bantik, tonsawang, totemboang, bintauna, kaidipang, botanga, bolango, suwawa, mongondow, ponosakan, ratahan, tondano,

Bajau 7.000 Islam
The Bajau (also called the Bayo, Gaj, Luaan, or Lutaos) are a highly mobile maritime people group that is found throughout the coastal areas of Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, Sumatera, and East Nusa Tenggara. Their high mobility led to outsiders calling them ‘sea gypsies.’ In eastern Indonesia, the largest numbers of Bajau are found on the islands and in the coastal districts of Sulawesi. Their everyday language is the Bajau language, which is a branch of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster.
While some Bajau have begun to live on land, many Bajau are still boat dwellers. Among the Bajau boat dwellers, local communities consist of scattered moorage groups made up of families whose members regularly return, between intervals of fishing, to a common anchorage site. Two to six families will group together in an alliance to regularly fish and anchor together, often sharing food and pooling labor, nets, and other gear. The boats that are used as family dwellings vary in size and construction. In Indonesia and Malaysia, boats average 10 meters in length with a beam of about 2 meters. They are plank constructed with solid keel and bow sections. All are equipped with a roofed living area made of poles and kajang matting and a portable earthenware hearth, usually carried near the stern, used for preparing family meals. The marine life exploited by the Bajau fishermen is diverse, including over 200 species of fish. Fishing activity varies with the tides, monsoonal and local winds, currents, migrations of pelagic fish, and the monthly lunar cycle. During moonless nights, fishing is often done with lanterns, using spears and handlines. Today, fishing is primarily for market sale. Most fish are preserved by salting or drying. The boat-dwelling Bajau see themselves (in contrast to their neighbors), as non-aggressive people who prefer flight to physical confrontation. As a consequence, the politically dominant groups of the region have historically viewed the Bajau with disdain as timid, unreliable subjects.
The Bajau are Sunni Muslims
Bantik 17.000 Animism
11 villages around Manado
Bintauna 12.000 Islam
around Bintauna
Bolango 20.000 Islam
5,000 in Bolango, 15,000 in Atinggola. North Sulawesi Province, south coast of the peninsula, Bolaang Mongondow District, around Molibagu; Gorontalo Province, north coast around Atinggola, between Kaidipang and Gorontalo.
Kaidipang 27.000 Islam
The Kaidipang are found on the outskirts of the Bolaang Mongondow District of North Sulawesi Province. Sulawesi is a large mountainous island often described as being shaped like an orchid or crab. It has a coastline of about 5,000 kilometers and consists mainly of four peninsulas separated by deep gulfs, with two of the peninsulas extending southward and two northeastward. The Kaidipang area is surrounded by North Sulawesi Province to the east, Gorontalo Province to the west, the Sulawesi Sea to the north, and Tomini Bay to the south.Historically, the Kaidipang formed their own kingdom. In 1910, they joined with the neighboring Bolang Itang kingdom. This enlarged kingdom lasted until 1950 when it joined the recently independent Republic of Indonesia.
Traditional lifestyle was one of shifting agricultural. New fields were cleared, farmed and then abandoned after becoming depleted of nutrients and unproductive. After three to five years of lying fallow, an old area would be fertile enough to be cleared and farmed again. This method is called “slash and burn” farming because clearing of land is done by cutting down the bigger trees and burning unwanted vegetation. Unfortunately, this method is often cited as a primary cause for deforestation as well as forest fires which often rage out of control. In recent times, however, the Kaidipang have become more settled, resulting in an increase of their population. Kaidipang villages are usually found along roadways in the highlands. Many have already become rice farmers, fishers, day laborers, and owners of small shops. They also raise livestock such as cattle, goats, and chickens.The lineage of descent for the Kaidipang people is bilateral (traced through both mother and father). Inheritance is handled in the same way for both male and female descendants. Unlike most other ethnic groups in Indonesia, the Kaidipang reserve no special treatment or rights for male family members.
Traditional law (adat) is still in use, although it has become intertwined with Islamic practice.
Lolak 3.000 Islam
Bolaang Mongondow District, Lolak, Mongkoinit, and Motabang villages. Dialects: Structurally related to Gorontalo [gor], but with heavy lexical borrowing from Mongondow [mog]. Lexical similarity: 79% with Mongondow, 66% with Ponosakan [pns], 63% with Kaidipang [kzp].
The Lolak are an agrarian people who have always lived on the fringes of more powerful neighboring groups. They live in the Lolak District in the northeastern portion of Sulawesi. Sulawesi is a large mountainous island often described as being shaped like an orchid or crab. In their district, the Lolak comprise 80% of the population and live in only three villages: Lolak, Mongkoinit, and Motabang. Lolak District is sparsely populated, with only 21,000 inhabitants. The chief characteristic that distinguishes the Lolak from other native Mongondow groups is their language which is structurally similar to Gorontalo. Despite this similarity, the Lolak language has heavily borrowed from the neighboring Mongondow language. In fact, the Lolak homeland is surrounded by the Mongondow people, and Mongondow is the second language of most Lolak people.
The Lolak area is a fertile area with long black sand beaches, flat grassy fields, coconut plantations, and rugged inland mountains. The Lolak are farmers who grow rice, coconuts, corn, cacao, and large healthy cattle. The government provides assistance in the form of subsidized pesticides when insects or blight threaten the rice crop. Large areas belong to rich absentee landowners and are worked by area residents. Rice and sago are food staples. Sometimes they hunt deer in the forest. Housing is basic and in some places very poor. When a Lolak family becomes wealthy enough, they replace their thatch roof (made from rumbia or sago leaves) with tin. The wealthiest ones will buy satellite dishes. Access to fresh water is not a problem since many families have wells. Their main village of Lolak has its own small hospital. Although the area has typhoid, there is very little malaria. The district has twenty elementary schools and most Lolak children are able to attend. Further education requires relocation. Those able to attend high school typically study in Kotamobagu or Manado. Of the few who seek further education, most study farming, husbandry (livestock breeding), economics, or law at Sam Ratulangi University in Manado. Lolak genealogy is bilateral (traced through both parents). Inheritance is handled in the same way for both male and female descendants. Male family members receive no special treatment. They typically marry before 20 years of age and have more than two children per family.
The Lolak are Sunni Muslims.
Mongondow 1.158.000 Christian
between Tontemboan and Gorontalo. Alternate names: Bolaang Mongondow, Minahassa, Mongondou. Dialects: Lolayan, Dumoga, Pasi.
Ponosakan 3.000 Animism
Belang area. Alternate names: Ponasakan. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 75% with Mongondow [mog], 66% with Lolak [llq].
Ratahan 39.000 Christian
northeast section, Ratahan area to southeast coast. Alternate names: Bentenan, Pasan.
Suwawa 21.000 Islam
SuSulawesi, tribe, suwawa, sukuwawa and Pinogu area, east of Gorontalo town, Lake Limboto. Alternate names: Bonda, Bunda, Bune, Suwawa-Bunda. Dialects: Bunda.
Tombulu 60.000 Christian
Tanawangko and Tomohon areas. Alternate names: Minahasa, Minhasa, Tombalu, Tombula, Tombulu’, Toumbulu. Dialects: Taratara, Tomohon. Most similar to Tondano [tdn], Tonsea [txs].
Tondano 100.000 Christian
TondanSulawesi, tribe, tondano, sukuo area and north peninsula; southeast coast, Toulour District. Also in United States. Alternate names: Tolou, Tolour, Tondanou, Toulour. Dialects: Tondano, Kakas (Ka’kas), Remboken. Most similar to Tombulu [tom], Tonsea [txs].
Tonsawang 30.000 Christian
Tombatu area. Alternate names: Tombatu.

Tontemboang 189.000 Christian

northeast coast, Sonder to Motoling and Tompasobaru areas. Alternate names: Pakewa, Tompakewa, Tountemboan. Dialects: Langoan, Tompaso (Makelai, Makela’i-Maotow), Sonder (Matanai, Matana’i-Maore’).

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