Muaro Jambi Temple complex, Jambi

 candi-gumpung
Muaro Jambi Temple, is one of the historical heritage of the Kingdom of Srivijaya era contained in Jambi Province. Complex of ancient temples Muaro site known as a Buddhist teaching, about a thousand years ago. In a written legacy sources, the Tang Dynasty in China mentioned the trip Buddhist priest named I-Tsing in 672 AD to deepen Buddhism to India.I-Tsing haven events drawn from Karangbirahi inscription found in the upstream region of Jambi. I-Tsing tells his journey and describes the state of a pool that is believed to be the same as the relics found in Muaro.

Tibetan spiritual leader has said the close relations between Indonesia and the country associated with Buddhism. He mentioned that an Indian professor who studied to Swarnadwipa, now called Sumatra, was invited to Tibet to teach.

At the time of the kingdom of Srivijaya, mentioned if Muaro Jambi Temple complex is home to students from various countries to gain knowledge and Buddhism. Even then, kompleh enshrinement Muaro is the largest campus in Southeast Asia. No wonder, then, a variety of students from Myanmar, Cambodia, srilanka and even from India many who arrive there.

Water canals in the enshrinement kompek used as a means of transportation of the students and the community to the Batang Hari River. For the moment, water transport is the only one that is most convenient.

Region Muaro this temple complex, has an area of ​​2,612 hectares. The temples are located in the region is the temple of the first Gulf, Gulf Temple II, Chinese Temple, Temple Menapo China, Menapo Pelayangan, Temple High, Twin Temple Stone, Gedong, Kedaton Temple and Temple Koto Mahligai, Menapo Mukti, Menapo Astano and many temples there, both of which had been brought to the surface or are still in the process of excavation. Menapo is a pile of rocks that have been buried.

Village Muaro Muara District of Sebo is the place / location Muaro temple, located 2 km northeast of the city of Jambi or 20 minutes by ground vehicles over the bridge Batang 2. In terms of the architect, the building is the Buddhist culture in the IV and V century BC. One of the statues in the temple Gumpung invention exhibit many similarities with Prajnaparamita statue of Singosari era.

Besides the temple, a few meters from the lake temple bathing place of the king who named the lake Rajo. “It is said that the place was once a bathing place of the kings in those days,” said Drs. Fachruddin Merchant, historian Jambi.

High Temple group is located approximately 200 meters northeast of the Temple Gumpung. The temple measuring 75 x 92 meters of the fence since the year 1979-1988. Its main gate is located at the eastern side. In the courtyard there is a group of Temple High Parent temple and six ancillary temples (appearance).

In addition there is the brick floor in front of the main temple which has a square floor plan size of 16 x 16 meters. After the fence, now has two terraces Parent temple and body tends to shrink up. Then there are six temples again that is only part of the foundation and a little leg only. A number of important findings that can be found on the High Temple group is a piece of iron and bronze objects, ancient glass, stone statue fragments, fragments of ceramic-style general household appliance from china from 9-14 century AD and hundreds of inscribed bricks, marked, as well as hundreds of brick stamped. And letters on the brick show letters written Pallawa (Prenagari).

Complexed Muaro this temple, there is a stone Twin Temple, located about 250 meters to the southeast Temple High physical bounded by a fence that is rectangular with a size that is not the same on each side, but it can be roughly calculated the 64 X 54 square meters and contained pole structure buildings made of wood and floors are made of brick. Chinese gong been found by archaeologists. Bronze gong derived from Chinese characters is touted as the gong of war, which is now stored in the Museum of Edinburgh. And there is also the main temple, measuring 11.5 x 11.5 meters in front ancillary temples (viewer). Parent temple has a staircase in the eastern part.

Then Gedong which consists of two parts, namely gedong 1 and 2. Both are adjacent gedong located approximately 150 meters. The temple is located about 1,450 meters from east Temple Kedaton, both have a staircase structure in the east. Gedong 1 very unique, dibangunan the square is often found off the archaeological findings such as currency Kepeng of China as many as 161 pieces, religious equipment, brick-profile, bow brick, brick scratched and Ceramic China as well as local pottery (pottery). Most of the money is in a state of wear and hard to read. Most of the letters are from the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), Southern Tang dynasty (937-976 AD), and the Sung dynasty (960-1280 AD). On location Gedong there is also a statue Jagopati (Arca Warrior) candistupa

No less astonishing, until the beginning of the 21st century AD, the temple Muaro our site has been identified approximately 110 buildings of the temple which is comprised of approximately 39 groups of temples. The temple building is peninggalah Malay kingdom to kingdom of Srivijaya, the Buddhist Malay cultural backgrounds. Estimated temples location historical sites Muaro Jambi temple was built since the 4th century AD, one among a group of temples are Gumpung Temple.

Location group Gumpung Temple located at 500 meters to the right and down the river Batang. Gumpung Temple is the second largest temple after temple Kedaton. Gumpung Temple composed of brick buildings of various shapes and sizes. And here ever discovered archaeological objects managed in found by the archaeologists. Gumpung Temple restricted group fence that form a square that has the size of the overall length of 604.40 meters. Overall width Gumpung temple area is 229.50 m2. Temple Gumpung have ancillary temples (viewer) of 5 pieces, which is not really clear form, 4 pieces 2 pieces of the gate and the estimated former pond. Gumpung derived from naming a menapo Gumpung of the surrounding community, in the Malay language means flat or broken or cut off above.

Restoration and construction of a temple made consistently make this complex more visible and attractive to tourists. Currently, the temple complex used as a place to hold worship in the big day as Vesak.

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