Meru Betiri National Park represents mangrove forest, swamp forest, and lowland rain forest ecosystems. This Park is a natural habitat of the rafflesia flower (Rafflesia zollingeriana), and various other plants such as mangrove (Rhizophora sp.), api-api (Avicennia sp.), waru (Hibiscus tiliaceus), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), rengas (Gluta renghas), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), bendo (Artocarpus elasticus), and several medicinal plants. This Park is also home to several protected animals, including 29 species of mammal and 180 species of bird. Meru Betiri National Park is known as the last habitat of the Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) which is now a highly endangered and protected species. However, no traces of this tiger have been found for many years and it is feared to be extinct. Meru Betiri does have other distinct characteristics. Sukamade Beach is a habitat of the leatherback turtle, the hawksbill turtle, the common green turtle, and the Pacific ridley turtle. Several simple breeding facilities have been constructed at this beach to ensure that the turtles, too, do not become extinct. Interesting locations/attractions: Rajegwesi Beach: marine tours, swimming, animal/plant observation and cultural visits (traditional fishing communities). Sumbersari: a grazing area (192 hectares), where visitors can watch animal like the sambar deer and barking deer. There is also a nature laboratory for research. Sukamade Beach: turtles can be seen laying their eggs. Camping, wind surfing, plant and animal observation are also available here. Hijau Bay: exploring the forest, marine tours and swimming. Best time of year to visit: February to July. How to reach the Park: Surabaya-Jember-Ambulu, about 5 hours by car (225 km); Ambulu-Curahnongko-Bandealit, about 3 hours, or Surabaya-Banyuwangi-Jajag, 6 hours (342 km); Jajag-Sarongan-Sukamade, 3 hours (60 km).
The total area is 58,000 hectares.
A good place to stay, when you are planning to visit the Park is the old hotel Marco Utomo, in Kalibaru, situated in an old nice Plantation . They know two guides named Paul and Richard, they speak fluently Dutch and English telephone number : 0333-897700, or 081-659-2975 and they has their own Land rover. They even will pick you up from your hotel in Bali.
Go to farelli.info for a story with pictures about this Hotel and the Sukamade trekking
List of Birds (134 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Abroscopus superciliaris Accipiter trivirgatus App II Actitis hypoleucos Aegithina tiphia Alcedo euryzona Vulnerable Amaurornis phoenicurus Anthracoceros convexus App II Anthreptes malacensis Anthreptes singalensis Anthus novaeseelandiae Aplonis minor Aplonis panayensis Apus affinis Arachnothera affinis Arachnothera longirostra Ardea purpurea Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk Ardeola speciosa Artamus leucorhynchus Buceros rhinoceros App II Butorides striatus Cacomantis merulinus Cacomantis sonneratii Cacomantis variolosus Caprimulgus macrurus Centropus bengalensis Centropus nigrorufus Vulnerable Centropus sinensis Chloropsis cochinchinensis Chloropsis sonnerati Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus Ciconia episcopus Cisticola exilis Collocalia esculenta Collocalia fuciphaga Collocalia gigas Lower Risk Copsychus malabaricus Copsychus saularis Corvus enca Criniger bres Crocethia alba Cyornis banyumas Cypsiurus balasiensis Dendrocopos macei Dicaeum chrysorrheum Dicaeum trigonostigma Dicaeum trochileum Dicrurus macrocercus Dicrurus paradiseus Dryocopus javensis Egretta alba Egretta intermedia Egretta sacra Enicurus leschenaulti Esacus magnirostris Eudynamis scolopacea Eurylaimus javanicus Falco moluccensis App II Gallus gallus Gallus varius Geopelia striata Glaucidium castanopterum App II Gracula religiosa Halcyon chloris Halcyon cyanoventris Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
List of Mammals (17 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Aonyx cinerea Lower Risk App II Bos javanicus Endengered Cervus timorensis Felis viverrinus Lower Risk App II Hystrix brachyura Vulnerable Hystrix javanica Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II Manis javanica Lower Risk App II Muntiacus muntjak Panthera pardus Endengered App I Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable Presbytis comata Endengered App II Pteropus vampyrus App II Ratufa bicolor App II Rhinoceros sondaicus Critically Endengered App I Sus scrofa Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II
List of Reptiles (10 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Caretta caretta Endengered App I Chelonia mydas Endengered App I Dermochelys coriacea Critically Endengered App I Eretmochelys imbricata Critically Endengered App I Lepidochelys olivaceae Endengered App I Mabuya sp. Python bivittatus Lower Risk App II Python reticulatus App II Varanus salvator App II Varanus sp.
List of Vegetations (4 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Avicennia sp. Bruguiera sp. Rhizophora sp. Sonneratia sp.
Born in the Netherlands on 23-04-1940 and passed away in Bali on 25-05-2015. Farelli was the pseudonym of a remarkable man who was infused with an obsessive desire to create things that did not yet exist. Born in the Netherlands in 1940 Dolf Versteegh left his home country in 1990 in order to start a new life on the Island of Bali. Without any formal education he reinvented himself as an architect, as a designer of furniture, as a sculptor and as a writer.
As a teenager Dolf spent only three years in High School but he kept studying history and the natural world all his life and during his last 25 years on Bali he revealed himself not only as versatile artist but also as a formidable scholar of biology.
Farelli was a prolific creator of web content and what he has left behind will remain standing as a great monument to his creative spirit, his ingenuity and his never-ending search for knowledge.