Meru Betiri National Park Introduction

Meru Betiri National Park


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Javan Leopard

Last week sunny day in Indonesia Safari Park, Cisarua Bogor, West Java with my family. I captured it from my window’s car approx. 20-30m across road to left side of the hill. I am glad because my first previous coming was raining in January 2012.
Here is the Javan leopard (Panthera pardus melas). It is a leopard subspecies confined to the Indonesian island of Java and classified as critically endangered by IUCN since 2008. The population is estimated at less than 250 mature individuals, with a decreasing population trend. The total remaining habitat is estimated at just 2,267.9 to 3,277.3 km2 (875.6 to 1,265.4 sq mi).
Javan leopards are confined to the Indonesian island of Java. They are known to occur in Gunung Halimun National Park, Ujung Kulon National Park, Gunung Gede Pangrango National Park, Ceremai National Park, Merbabu National Park, Merapi National Park, Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park, Meru Betiri National Park, Baluran National Park, and Alas Purwo National Park.[1] They can thrive in a variety of habitats ranging from patches of dense tropical rainforest in the south-western part of the island, to the mountains, and to dry deciduous forests and scrub in the east. In the 1990s, they seemed to particularly thrive in the seral stages of successional vegetation patterns, which made them less susceptible than many other mammals to human’s disruptive activities.
From 2001 to 2004, monitoring research has been conducted in a 20 km2 (7.7 sq mi) area of Gunung Halimun National Park using camera traps and radio-tracking. Seven leopards were identified in the study area. The total population was estimated at 42 to 58 individuals. Home range of an adult female was 9.82 km2 (3.79 sq mi) (source :


Meru Betiri National Park represents mangrove forest, swamp forest, and lowland rain forest ecosystems.
This Park is a natural habitat of the rafflesia flower (Rafflesia zollingeriana), and various other plants such as mangrove (Rhizophora sp.), api-api (Avicennia sp.), waru (Hibiscus tiliaceus), nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum), rengas (Gluta renghas), bungur (Lagerstroemia speciosa), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), bendo (Artocarpus elasticus), and several medicinal plants.
This Park is also home to several protected animals, including 29 species of mammal and 180 species of bird.
Meru Betiri National Park is known as the last habitat of the Javan tiger (Panthera tigris sondaica) which is now a highly endangered and protected species. However, no traces of this tiger have been found for many years and it is feared to be extinct.
Meru Betiri does have other distinct characteristics. Sukamade Beach is a habitat of the leatherback turtle, the hawksbill turtle, the common green turtle, and the Pacific ridley turtle. Several simple breeding facilities have been constructed at this beach to ensure that the turtles, too, do not become extinct.
Interesting locations/attractions:
Rajegwesi Beach: marine tours, swimming, animal/plant observation and cultural visits (traditional fishing communities).
Sumbersari: a grazing area (192 hectares), where visitors can watch animal like the sambar deer and barking deer. There is also a nature laboratory for research.
Sukamade Beach: turtles can be seen laying their eggs. Camping, wind surfing, plant and animal observation are also available here.
Hijau Bay: exploring the forest, marine tours and swimming.
Best time of year to visit: February to July.
How to reach the Park: Surabaya-Jember-Ambulu, about 5 hours by car (225 km); Ambulu-Curahnongko-Bandealit, about 3 hours, or Surabaya-Banyuwangi-Jajag, 6 hours (342 km); Jajag-Sarongan-Sukamade, 3 hours (60 km).

The total area is 58,000 hectares.

A good place to stay, when you are planning to visit the Park is the old hotel Marco Utomo, in Kalibaru,
situated in an old nice Plantation .
They know two guides named Paul and Richard,
they speak fluently Dutch and English telephone number : 0333-897700, or 081-659-2975 and they has their own Land rover.
They even will pick you up from your hotel in Bali.

Go to for a story with pictures about this Hotel and the Sukamade trekking

List of Birds (134 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites

Abroscopus superciliaris
Accipiter trivirgatus App II
Actitis hypoleucos
Aegithina tiphia
Alcedo euryzona Vulnerable
Amaurornis phoenicurus
Anthracoceros convexus App II
Anthreptes malacensis
Anthreptes singalensis
Anthus novaeseelandiae
Aplonis minor
Aplonis panayensis
Apus affinis
Arachnothera affinis
Arachnothera longirostra
Ardea purpurea
Ardea sumatrana Lower Risk
Ardeola speciosa
Artamus leucorhynchus
Buceros rhinoceros App II
Butorides striatus
Cacomantis merulinus
Cacomantis sonneratii
Cacomantis variolosus
Caprimulgus macrurus
Centropus bengalensis
Centropus nigrorufus Vulnerable
Centropus sinensis
Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Chloropsis sonnerati
Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Ciconia episcopus
Cisticola exilis
Collocalia esculenta
Collocalia fuciphaga
Collocalia gigas Lower Risk
Copsychus malabaricus
Copsychus saularis
Corvus enca
Criniger bres
Crocethia alba
Cyornis banyumas
Cypsiurus balasiensis
Dendrocopos macei
Dicaeum chrysorrheum
Dicaeum trigonostigma
Dicaeum trochileum
Dicrurus macrocercus
Dicrurus paradiseus
Dryocopus javensis
Egretta alba
Egretta intermedia
Egretta sacra
Enicurus leschenaulti
Esacus magnirostris
Eudynamis scolopacea
Eurylaimus javanicus
Falco moluccensis App II
Gallus gallus
Gallus varius
Geopelia striata
Glaucidium castanopterum App II
Gracula religiosa
Halcyon chloris
Halcyon cyanoventris
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Harpactes oreskios
Hemicircus concretus
Hemiprocne longipennis
Hemipus hirundinaceus
Hieraaetus kienerii App II
Hirundo tahitica
Hypothymis azurea
Ictinaetus malayensis App II
Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
Lacedo pulchella
Lalage nigra
Lanius schach
Lonchura leucogastra
Lonchura malacca
Macropygia phasianella
Megalaima australis
Megalaima haemacephala
Megalaima javensis Lower Risk
Megalurus palustris
Merops leschenaulti
Myophonus caeruleus
Napothera macrodactyla Lower Risk
Nectarinia jugularis
Oceanodroma monorhis
Oriolus chinensis
Oriolus xanthonotus
Orthotomus ruficeps
Otus bakkamoena App II
Padda oryzivora Vulnerable
Pandion haliaetus App II
Parus major
Passer montanus
Pavo muticus Vulnerable App II
Pericrocotus cinnamomeus
Pericrocotus flammeus
Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
Phaenicophaeus javanicus
Philentoma velatum
Pitta guajana App II
Platylophus galericulatus
Ploceus manyar
Prinia familiaris
Psittacula alexandri App II
Ptilinopus melanospila
Pycnonotus atriceps
Pycnonotus aurigaster
Pycnonotus goiavier
Pycnonotus melanicterus
Pycnonotus simplex
Raphidura leucopygialis
Rhipidura javanica
Rhyticeros undulatus
Saxicola caprata
Spilornis cheela App II
Spizaetus cirrhatus App II
Spizaetus nipalensis App II
Stachyris melanothorax
Sterna anaethetus
Sterna dougallii
Sterna sumatrana
Streptopelia chinensis
Sturnus melanopterus Lower Risk
Sula leucogaster
Surniculus lugubris
Terpsiphone paradisi
Treron pompadora
Trichastoma sepiarium
Turnix suscitator
List of Mammals (17 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Aonyx cinerea Lower Risk App II
Bos javanicus Endengered
Cervus timorensis
Felis viverrinus Lower Risk App II
Hystrix brachyura Vulnerable
Hystrix javanica
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Muntiacus muntjak
Panthera pardus Endengered App I
Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Vulnerable
Presbytis comata Endengered App II
Pteropus vampyrus App II
Ratufa bicolor App II
Rhinoceros sondaicus Critically Endengered App I
Sus scrofa
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II
List of Reptiles (10 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Caretta caretta Endengered App I
Chelonia mydas Endengered App I
Dermochelys coriacea Critically Endengered App I
Eretmochelys imbricata Critically Endengered App I
Lepidochelys olivaceae Endengered App I
Mabuya sp.
Python bivittatus Lower Risk App II
Python reticulatus App II
Varanus salvator App II
Varanus sp.
List of Vegetations (4 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Avicennia sp.
Bruguiera sp.
Rhizophora sp.
Sonneratia sp.

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