War Dance is one of the dances that originated from the name of West Papua . This dance symbolizes the heroism and bravery of the people of Papua . This dance is usually performed by the people of the mountains . Held when chiefs commanded to fight , because it is able to rekindle the spirit of dance . Papua is one of the provinces in Indonesia, which has a number of indigenous diversity , ethnic and cultural majority. From the results of the data collection team formed by the head of the Department of Culture and Papua and after in selection and determined through seminars involving Indigenous leaders , religious leaders , women leaders , youth leaders and community leaders representing seven indigenous territories , namely : Mamta Indigenous Territory , Indigenous Territory Saireri , Bomberai Indigenous Territory , Indigenous Territory Domberai , Ha – Anim Indigenous Territory , Indigenous Territory La – Pago , Pago Mi- Indigenous Territory , was as much as 248 parts . Determination of the number 248 is the native tribes while the data and the latest information .
The amount of diversity , we can imagine how rich research resource for scholars of anthropology , cultural , artist etc. . In the world of performing arts , the development of dance in Indonesia is closely linked to the development of society . James R. Brandon (1967 ) shows the development divide in Southeast Asia can be divided into four periods, namely : pre -historic period , approximately 2500SM – 100M . Period entry of Indian culture , 100-1000 . The influence of the Islamic period , from 1300 to 1750 . Period influx of western countries , 1750 – the end of World War 2 .
In terms of cultural anthropology in Papua , and analysis of developments in Southeast Asian dance , Dance War of the West Papuan people this leads to the artwork shows the prehistoric period . Papuan society , to this day while maintaining and preserving this dance as a form of respect to ancestors and dignity of a nation or tribe . This suggests that the development of society and the development of the arts is not disconnected from each other , but mutually sustainable . They believe that since the first ancestors of the people of Papua have always hoped , that a culture that has been passed down to each generation does not fade , do not drown and not buried by the ravages of time are increasingly growing forward . As well as cultural dances they have created with various waves of difficulty , distress and anxiety is not as fast forgotten by the next generation .
Many note that tells the inter- tribal warfare in Papua at the time of pre – history , such as Velabhea war dance , which tells a tribal war dance in Sentani . Papuan society uses war dance for spiritual encouragement in the face of warfare . But over the times and tough government regulations that prohibit the existence of inter- tribal warfare , this dance now only be greeters dance invitation .
Papua war dance is included in group dances , or even could be a colossal dance . Because there is no limit to the number of dancers . Like most dances in Papua , lacks any war dance drums and other musical instruments , the distinction is chanting war songs pep . Dressed in traditional clothing , such as beads decorate the chest , a skirt made from the roots , and the leaves are inserted into the body of evidence on the natural love of the people of Papua .