Lore Lindu national Park
|Lore Lindu National Park represents various ecosystem types, including lowland tropical forest, sub-montane forest, montane forest, and mixed forest.|
The plant species that can be found in both lowland tropical forest and sub-montane forest include Eucalyptus deglupta, Pterospermum celebicum, Cananga odorata, Gnetum gnemon, Castanopsis argentea, Agathis philippinensis, Philoclados hypophyllus, medicinal plants, and rattans.
Covering part of the Park is a sub-alpine forest at an altitude of 2,000 m asl. Frequently blanketed with mist, this forest contains short trees and mosses.
The biodiversity of this Park is rich in animal species, with 117 species of mammal, 88 species of bird, 29 species of reptile and 19 species of amphibian. More than 50% of the species inhabiting the Park are endemic animals like the Tonkean macaque (Macaca tonkeana tonkeana), babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa celebensis), diannae tarsier (Tarsius diannae), lesser Sulawesi tarsier (T. pumilus), bear cuscus (Ailurops ursinus furvus), small cuscus (Strigocuscus celebensis callenfelsi), Sulawesi rat (Rattus celebensis), maleo fowl (Macrocephalon maleo), Sulawesi palm civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii musschenbroekii), gold snake (Elaphe erythrura and E. janseni), Sulawesi frog (Bufo celebencis), and six fish species, including an endemic species in Lake Lindu, Xenopoecilus sarasinorum.
Besides the riches of its natural resources, this Park also has some impressive groups of megaliths which are among the best megalithic monuments in Indonesia.
Lore Lindu National Park receives international technical assistance and has been declared by UNESCO as a Biosphere Reserve in 1977.
Besoa Valley: maleo habitat, megalith sites and recreation.
Lake Lindu, Gimpu, Wuasa, Bada: rowing on the lake and observing birds.
Saluki, Bada, Napu Valleys: megalith sites.
Mt. Nokilalaki, Mt. Rorekatimbo, Lariang River: mountain climbing, camping and rafting.
Lewuto Lake: vistas over the lake, ancient human remains at Moradino.
Dongi-dongi, Kamarora: camping, thermal springs, forest exploration.
One of the cultural attractions outside the Park is the Lake Poso Festival in August.
Best time of year to visit: July to September.
How to reach the Park: Palu-Kamarora by car, 2.5 hours (50 km); or Palu-Wuasa by car, 5 hours (100 km); then Wuasa-Besoa by car, 4 hours. Palu-Kulawi, 6 hours (80 km). The trip into the Park area can be made on foot or on horseback along these routes: Gimpu-Besoa-Bada, 3 days; and Saluki (Sidaonta)-Lake Lindu, 1 day.
Office: Jl. Mawar Nr. 10
Palu, Central Sulawesi
Tel./Fax. : +62-451-423608
Declared : Minister of Agriculture, in 1982,
a total area of 231,000 hectares
Designated : Minister of Forestry SK No. 646/Kpts-II/99,
a total area of 217,991.18 hectares
Location : Regencies; Donggala and Poso (Province of Central Sulawesi)
Altitude 500 – 2,600 m asl.
Geographical location 119°57′ – 120°22′ E; 1°03′ – 1°58′ S
There is an extensive web of trails inside Lore Lindu National Park. Guides are recommended and available in the valleys, Tentena, Palu and at the various BTNLL posts. You need a special permit to climb Gunung Nokilalaki.
* Bada Valley
o Tentena – Bomba 2 days
* Rimpa Valley – Bada Valley
o Masamba – Rimpa Valley – Badangkaia 6 days
* Bada Valley – Kulawi Valley
o Gintu – Tuare – Moa – Pili – Gimpu 3 days
* Napu Valley – Besoa Valley – Bada Valley
o Wuasa – Doda – Gintu 2 days
* Bada Valley – Besoa Valley – Kulawi Valley
o Gintu – Bomba – Doda – Hanggira – Gimpu 4 days
* Napu Valley – Danau Lindu
o Wuasa – Danau Lindu – Sidonda 3 days
* Danau Lindu
o Sidaunta – Tomado – Bomba – Simpang Tiga 3 days
* Climbing Nokilalaki
o Kamarora – Gunung Nokilalaki – Kamarora 2 days
* Napu Valley – Kulawi Valley
o Rompo – Katu – Toro 4 days
Spirits of the past haunt megalith site
|Oct 7, 2008 (Source: Thejakartapost.com)|
Spirits of the past haunt megalith site
It was a hot morning and the roads were already busy in Watunonju village of Donggala regency, around 25 kilometers from Palu, the capital of Central Sulawesi.
The community was abuzz with activity as people headed toward the nearby rice fields. On the banks of the rivers that passed through the area, women could be seen washing as men sharpened their machetes ready for a day of work in the fields.
In Watunonju, there is a famous archaeological site the government has named the Watunonju Olden Days Archaeological Site Park. The location has been well organized; it is neat and looks attractive – contrasting with other archaeological sites in the region.
For those keen on conducting research on megaliths, or large stone structures, the Watunonju Olden Days Archaeological Site Park is a must-see.
Visitors to the park are often astonished by the positioning of the stones, which are of various shapes and sizes, and present a picture of the region’s past.
According to members of the community, those with a strong sixth sense are able to feel a mysterious life force at the site.
“Seventy students from the Biromaru and Palu State high schools were possessed by a spirit when they came on a field tour not long ago,” A H Laturadja, 38, a community member, told The Jakarta Post recently.
Furthermore, he said, a young man who didn’t believe in spirits deliberately fooled around at the location and after jumping the barrier fence did not return to his home for five days.
He could not be found, even though community members searched for him tirelessly. He was eventually found sleeping atop one of the megaliths in the park.
Inside the park, which is almost a hectare square, there are 14 stones of various sizes. Information on the discovery of these stones was first published in 1898 by Dr Kruyt in his book Poso naar Sigi en Lindu.
Apart from the megaliths, there is also the grave of Karandja Lemba, a member of a noble family and freedom fighter. Karandja fought against the Dutch and was exiled to Java, where he passed away. Two years ago, his skeleton was returned to Watunonju and buried in the park.
A main building located in the center of the park is used as a rest room for visitors and functions as a place for customary law meetings. At the back of the building are two smaller structures, known as gampiri.
A gampiri, traditionally made from tree branches and sago palms, is a structure that stores harvested rice. The two gampiri in the park are thought to be from the Sigi Kingdom period.
The Watunonju Olden Days Archaeological Site Park is maintained and guarded by six local community members who look after the stones and provide information about the heritage site to visitors.
The park is well maintained; compared to other megalith sites in the villages of Doda, Bada, Pendolo, South Lore and North Lore of Poso regency, and in Tulo, Kulawi, Pipikiro and Bangga of Donggala Regency, which have long been neglected.
Lacking proper maintenance, these historically rich sites are deteriorating at a rapid rate, with many of the heritage stones being stolen and shipped to other islands – and countries – for sale.
This region is inhabited by indigenous peoples Ngata Toro. Local rules divide the Ngata Toro Customary in several categories, namely: Wana Ngkiki (protection zone), Wana (forest for wildlife), Pangale (secondary forests over 25 years), Oma (forest exploitation zones that can be converted to agriculture), Pongota (settlement) and Polidaa (rice field and dry land farming). Local governance in Toro consists of three elements, namely: Institute of deliberations, the Council of Indigenous and Government Ngata. One part of the Government responsible Ngata in the field of security and guarding Ngata, including the Tondo Ngata forests. Membership Tondo Ngata, determined through customary deliberation. For the members of the Tondo Ngata, keep Ngata is a call for the maintenance of public life Toro, present and future. With its activities, Tondo Ngata is very helpful TNLL Hall. Recognition TNLL Hall on indigenous peoples in Toro, was in line with conservation objectives are implemented.
The region has keasrian tropical forests rich in biodiversity. A combination of diversity of flora and fauna species provide clear evidence of the wealth of natural forest in Lore Lindu National Park. Various bird species endemic to Sulawesi island can be found in this area. One of these bird species are unique in terms of a large egg size, the bird is a bird maleo (Macrocephalon maleo). This area is a habitat for native birds due maleo geothermal sources (geothermal) as a condition of reproducing naturally. Saluki territory further provides a source of food for survival maleo bird species, with seeds ketersedianya from pecan tree (Aleurites mollucana) and fig (Ficus sp.) That grow in this region. The existence of these birds becoming increasingly desperate in their natural habitat due to insistence of community activities. However, the initiative was born and also the active participation of some of the Saluki community care and aware of the importance of wildlife maleo in nature, with groups forming and pioneered the care of animals which will concern the conservation of bird species that became the pride of this community of Central Sulawesi. This group is called “Hoof Maleo” whose members numbered about 16 people, voluntarily and unconditionally and helped Forest seeks always to keep and maintain the forest area in the Saluki from various disturbances of forest damage. It was an awareness (awarness) from the local community should support real-Lore Lindu National Park.
Regions TNLL in Sedoa, especially Anaso area, has a diversity of high bird species, especially birds Allo / Sulawesi Hornbill (Rhyticeros cassidix), so the potential to be bird watching tourism. There are 15 endemic genera of birds from Sulawesi sub-region who live in this region, 23 bird species globally threatened with extinction, and 17 species are categorized as near threatened with extinction (near threatened). At this location has implemented programs Community Conservation Agreement (KKM). The program is facilitated by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), with the aim of re-greening locations already opened, in the area of Lore Lindu National Park. To coordinate and implement KKM, TNC established Lembaga Adat Village (LKD). This village-level institution composed of representatives from all organizations in the village, which consists of: the village government, BPD, Institute of Indigenous and other community leaders. This program has been providing visible benefits to the conservation of National Park, which affects the decreasing activity by collecting forest products community. This is due to the introduction of rules and regulations of the LKD, so that the exploitation of forest resources can be monitored.
The real work of civilization was born from progenitor Besoa Valley, in the form magalit statues are still standing firm emits high culture of the society to the present. The sculptures of hundreds to thousands of old this year, spread over the region Bariri, Doda, Hanggira, Lempe and Baliura.