It is located in the center of the Indonesian archipelago, between the islands of Sumbawa and Flores. Established in 1980, initially the main purpose of the Park was to conserve the unique Komodo dragon (Varanus komodoensis) and its habitat. However, over the years, the goals for the Park have expanded to protecting its entire biodiversity, both terrestrial and marine. UNESCO, both indications of the Park’s biological importance. Komodo National Park includes three major islands: Komodo, Rinca and Padar, as well as numerous smaller islands creating a total surface area (marine and land) of 1817km (proposed extensions would bring the total surface area up to 2,321km2). As well as being home to the Komodo dragon, the Park provides refuge for many other notable terrestrial species such as the orange-footed scrub fowl, an endemic rat, and the Timor deer. Moreover, the Park includes one of the richest marine environments including coral reefs, mangroves, sea grass beds, seamounts, and semi-enclosed bays. These habitats harbor more than 1,000 species of fish, some 260 species of reef-building coral, and 70 species of sponges. Dugong, sharks, manta rays, at least 14 species of whales, dolphins, and sea turtles also make Komodo National Park their home. Threats to terrestrial biodiversity include the increasing pressure on forest cover and water resources as the local human population has increased 800% over the past 60 years. In addition, the Timor deer population, the preferred prey source for the endangered Komodo dragon, is still being poached. Destructive fishing practices such as dynamite-, cyanide, and compressor fishing severely threaten the Park’s marine resources by destroying both the habitat (coral reefs) and the resource itself (fish and invertebrate stocks). The present situation in the Park is characterized by reduced but continuing destructive fishing practices primarily by immigrant fishers, and high pressure on demersal stocks like lobsters, shellfish, groupers and napoleon wrasse. Pollution inputs, ranging from raw sewage to chemicals, are increasing and may pose a major threat in the future. Today, the PKA Balai Taman Nasional Komodo and PT. Putri Naga Komodo are working together to protect the Park’s vast resources. Our goals are to protect the Park’s biodiversity (both marine and terrestrial) and the breeding stocks of commercial fishes for replenishment of surrounding fishing grounds. The main challenge is to reduce both threats to the resources and conflicts between incompatible activities. Both parties have a long term commitment to protecting the marine biodiversity of Komodo National Park. There are a total of over 2,300 people living in the park. There are only 3 villages in the park. Komodo village has 1400 people, Rinca village has 1074 people and Kerora Village has 223 people In Komodo village, most people are originally from Bima (East Sumbawa), Selayar (South Sulawesi) and Manggarai (West Flores). In Rinca village, the people come from the same places as Komodo village, but there are also Bajo people from Sulawesi. In Kerora village, the people originally came from Bima and Manggarai. There is some evidence that the original people of Komodo lived on Gunung Ara. Trees such as jackfruit, coconut and mango, as well as remains of ceramics on Gunung Ara suggest that people once inhabited that area several hundred years ago. However, the people of Komodo village are thought to have settled there less than 100 years ago. There is a story that the settler of Komodo village were exiles from Bima. Most people who live in the park are fishermen, but there are also merchants and teachers. Some people carve Komodo dragons for sale to the visitors.
General The 219,322 ha. Komodo National Park, including Mbeliling and Nggorang Protection Forests and Way Wuul-Mburak Nature Reserve, comprises the two substantial islands of Komodo and Rinca together with numerous small islands, surrounding waters and a section of mainland Flores. The park was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1991, is listed as a Man And the Biosphere Reserve and is world famous for its endemic Komodo Dragons. The islands of Komodo National Park are generally rugged with sheer cliffs, small bays and inlets. Pulau Komodo is hilly to mountainous with a maximum elevation of 827 m. Large parts consist of savanna with Lontar Palms, and open grassland. Smaller parts of Komodo are covered with tropical decidous, quasi-cloud forest and two small mangrove communities. Pulau Rinca mainly comprises rolling hills, but the south is dominated by the Doro Ora (667m) while the north has the low but steep peaks of Gunung Tumbah (187m) and Doro Raja (351m). Numerous coral reefs are also part of the park. Unlike other areas of Indonesia they show relatively little damage from dynamite fishing. The reefs are little-explored although they offer beautiful underwater scenery. Komodo Dragons occur on Pulau Komodo, Pulau Rinca, Gili Motong and in parts of West Flores. It’s unclear whether the reptiles still occur on Pulau Padar. Recent estimates place the total population of the Komodo Dragon at less than 3,000 individuals. The animals are most easily spotted at the PHPA Dragon watch site on Pulau Komodo. Access There used to be a daily, except Fridays, boat service from Sape on Sumbawa via Komodo to Labuhanbajo on Flores and vice versa. However, this boat service has been ceased and access to the park is now difficult. Tourists are forced to charter local unsafe fishing boats at hugely inflated rates. UPDATE 2001: Boats from Sape to Labuhanbajo once again stop at Komodo, but not daily. Permits and obligatory guides are available at the various PHPA offices. To explore the coral reefs make Labuhanbajo your base. Accommodation * Flores o Several possibilities in Labuhanbajo * Komodo o PHPA Guesthouse, Loh Liang * Rinca o PHPA Guesthouse, Loh Buaya Addresses PHPA, Loh Liang, Komodo PHPA, Loh Buaya, Rinca PHPA, Sape, Sumbawa PHPA, Jl.Jend.Sudirman 87, Labuhanbajo, Flores Bajo Beach Diving Club, Labuhanbajo, Flores.
Born in the Netherlands on 23-04-1940 and passed away in Bali on 25-05-2015. Farelli was the pseudonym of a remarkable man who was infused with an obsessive desire to create things that did not yet exist. Born in the Netherlands in 1940 Dolf Versteegh left his home country in 1990 in order to start a new life on the Island of Bali. Without any formal education he reinvented himself as an architect, as a designer of furniture, as a sculptor and as a writer.
As a teenager Dolf spent only three years in High School but he kept studying history and the natural world all his life and during his last 25 years on Bali he revealed himself not only as versatile artist but also as a formidable scholar of biology.
Farelli was a prolific creator of web content and what he has left behind will remain standing as a great monument to his creative spirit, his ingenuity and his never-ending search for knowledge.