Gunung Sibela Nature Reserve

Gunung Sibela Nature Reserve


Gunung Sibela Nature Reserve comprises an area of 23,000 ha. on Bacan. The site is named after the Gunung Sibela (2,118 m.), the highest mountain in N Maluku. Its slopes are thickly forested and are home to the only Crested black macaque population outside Sulawesi.
Labuha, the main village on Bacan, can be reached by plain from Ternate. Bacan is off the beaten track so be prepared and don’t go without some basic knowledge of Bahasa Indonesia.
* Labuha
o Harmonis Guesthouse
o Boreo Indah Guesthouse
o Wisma Pondok
G. Sibela peninsula located in the middle of P. Bacan, located approximately 6 km to the northeast of Labuha. The main habitat types in this region is evergreen rain forest with a few whole leaves of the forest habitat in the northern humid. Lowland rain forest in the southern part overgrown by tall trees (up to 60 m), which are up to 500 m altitude In between 500-1500 m elevation is mountainous rain forest with a lower trees and plants under the overflow, while at an altitude above 1500 there subalpin forest with low trees. Sibela Mountain (2110 m) has a narrow ridges and long, that ran from the southwest to northeast, and is the highest mountain in North Maluku. Slopes to the west, south and east is very steep and straight down into the sea, while the north and northeast is relatively flat. Around G. Sibela noted that all 10 villages scattered in the coastal areas. Land around the region G. Sibela a fertile ground for the plantation areas / fields. Most of the people their livelihood as farmers farmers, fishermen and ranchers sideline. Type of primary commodity crops are coconut, chocolate and coffee.

* Adina fagifolia
* A. minutiflora
* Agathis alba
* Alangium javanicum
* Alstonia sp.
* Anthocephalus macrophylla
* Arenga pinnata
* Artocarpus heterophylla
* Averrhoa bilimbi
* Cananga odorata
* Canarium spp.
* Celtis latifolia
* Chydenanthus sp.
* Cocos nucifera
* Coffea sp.
* Cynometra cauliflora
* Dendrocnide carriana
* D. stimulans
* Diosperos ullo
* Dracontomelon dao
* D. mangiferum
* Drypetes sp.
* Dysoxylum alliaceum
* Eucalyptus spp.
* Eugenia caryophyllata
* E. stipularis
* Euonymus javanicus
* Ficus riedeli
* F. septica
* F. variegata
* Garcinia dulcis
* Gonocarium calleryanum
* Gonystylus sp.
* Horsfieldia sylvestris


* Intsia bijuga
* Jasminum sp.
* Kleinhovia hospita
* Koordersiodendron pinnatum
* Lagerstroemia ovalifolia
* Lansium domesticum
* Leea indica
* Litsea forstenii
* Livistonia rotundifolia
* Macaranga sp.
* Metroxylon sago
* Metrosideros spp.
* Morinda sp.
* Musa spp.
* Myristica fragrans
* Nephelium mutabile
* Octomeles sumatrana
* Palaquium sp.
* Pandanus tectorius
* Pangium edule
* Paraserianthes falcataria
* Pimeleodendron papuanum
* Pisonia umbellifera
* Polyalthia sp.
* Pometia pinnata
* Shorea spp.
* Sloetia elongata
* Spondias cytherea
* Terminalia catapa
* Theobroma cacao
* Thespesia lampas
* Vitex coffassus
* Zizyphus angustifolius

* Crested black macaque – Macaca nigra

* Moluccan Scrubfowl – Eulipoa wallacei
* Long-whiskered Owlet-Nightjar – Aegotheles crinifrons
* Nicobar Pigeon – Caloenas nicobarica
* Standardwing – Semioptera wallacii


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