Gunung Api Kisar Island Nature Reserve

Gunung Api Kisar Island Nature Reserve


Latitude : 6 49 48 S Logitude : 126 30 0 E
Altitude : 0 to 280 metres
Area : 80 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Legislation : GB No. 24 Stbl No. 157, 12-3-1937.
Tenure : Government of Indonesia, PHPA

Site Description
A small island formed by the summit of an active volcano rising directly from the ocean bottom, 4,000m deep. This andesitic volcano is uninhabited, although sometimes visited by fishermen. In the centre a 80m deep crater is found, the lowest edge is on the W-side, 200m above sea level. The island is inhabited by many seabirds (breeding). Except for very steep slopes and then barren places, the island is entirely covered by vegetation which is however, poor in species. The island is most interesting as it is considered ” a very important tropical seabird colony, the protection of which is of great ornithological importance” (hoogerwerf 1939). In 1938 there was strong fumerole activity along the lower west side of the crater, and only the other sides facing the sea were densely covered with Pisonia, Ficus and Pandamus trees. In 1981 this activity had nearly ceased and the fast-growing Pisonea had covered half of the bare survace. Most seabirds breed on this side, which is in the lee of the strongly blowing Southeast Monsoon.

Site Location
Cagar Alam Gunung Api Kisar is located on Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara, Souht Banda sea.

List of Birds (14 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Anous stolidus
Coracina novaehollandiae
Egretta sacra
Falco peregrinus App I
Fregata minor
Halcyon sancta
Hypotaenidia philippensis
Phaethon rubricauda
Sterna anaethetus
Sterna fuscata
Sula dactylatra
Sula leucogaster
Sula sula
Zosterops palpebrosus
List of Vegetations (10 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Caesalpinia crista
Cyperus sp.
Ficus sp.
Ipomoea pescaprae
Pandanus tectorius
Paspalum scrobiculatum
Pisonia sylvestris
Terminalia catappa
Trema orientalis
Trema virgata


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