Danau Kadumbal Nature Reserve
No information is available on the birds of the mangrove areas. Waterbirds observed~ by Bishop (in prep) during a brief survey of Kadumbal Lake included:
10 Tachybaptus ruficollis 10 Ardea purpurea (breeding)
300 Dendrocygna arcuata 10 Porphyrio porphyrio
25 Chlidonias hybrida
along with smaller numbers of Phalacrocorax sulcirostris, P. melanoleucos, Pelecanus conspicillatus, Ixobrychus cinnamomeus, Ardeola speciosa, Egretta garzetta, E. intermedia, E. alba, Ardea novaehollandiae, Plegadis falcinellus, Pandion haliaetus, Anas gibberifrons, A. superciliosa, Himantopus leucocephalus, Pluvialis dominica and Calidris ferruginea. The observations of I. cinnamomeus, P. falcinellus, H. leucocephalus and C. hybrida were the lint records of these species on Sumba. Stiltia isabella was found to be common and widespread throughout the grasslands. Other birds recorded from the island include Megapodus reinwardn++ctitis hypoleucos and the kingfishers Halcyon chioris and H. sancta. Mammals known to occur on the island include Macaca fascicularis, Cervus timorensis and Sus scrofa.
Special floral values:
Two rare species of plant, Mamilkara kauki and Santalum album, occur on the island, but are now virtually extinct. Two plants with edible tubers, Dischorea ip and Amorphophallus companulatus, are of local importance.