Melo Village, is our first point. It is an ideal place for seeing the great view of the islands around Komodo National Park and little forest surrounding it. Cancar is a small village with a spectacular view of spider web rice field. Pu’u village is a traditional House and village of Manggaraian. Ruteng is a cool town surrounded by beautiful rice fields on the gentle slopes. Wogo one of the big traditional village of Ngadha ethnic Drive to Soa en route stop in Naru a village with huge megalithic monuments, arrive in Soa visit Mengeruda a hot water spring to dip in for relaxation. Overnight in Ruteng
Ruteng – Bajawa
Golo Curu is a spectacular early morning view of the hills, rice fields, and mountain valleys. Ruteng Nature Conservation Park – the home of Ngkiong – the endemic singing birds. Ranamese is a small lake that has a pleasant picnic spot surrounded by jungle clad hills. Aimere is a place that produces local wine in a traditional way.
Nanga Panda Beach, famous for its blue stone. Ende is a pleasant town surrounded by beautiful mountain scenery. Detusoko is a terrace rice field on the slopes. Ndua Ria is a traditional fruit market. Moni, a small village as a gateway to the Three Color Lake, Kelimutu Volcano. Wolotopo, a typical coastal settlement of Lio ethnic with animistic shrine and Ikat weaving.
Overnight in Moni
Kalimutu Lake – Maumere
Kelimutu Three Color Lake. Early morning start to climb the volcano. Enjoy the beautiful scenery of sun rise and three Color Lake from the bank of the crater. Jopu and Ranggase are villages as a centre of ikat weaving. Wolowaru is the only one chestnut fruit industry in Flores and the typical house of Ende people Waiara Black Sandy Beach is famous beach for sun bathing and snorkeling (snorkeling gear is provided by customers). Maumere is a sea port located in the East of Flores.
Duration : 8 Days / 7 Nights Starts / Ends : Bali 01 DENPASAR – LABUAN BAJO – KOMODO Upon arrival transfer to the harbor to board on the wooden boat to cross to Komodo island. Lunch will be provided on board. Overnight on board in Komodo area or at Ranger’s house. Day 02 KOMODO – LABUAN BAJO – RUTENG Early breakfast on board, start your trekking, walking through the typical dry forest to explore the Komodo dragon, island itself, wild animals and various species of tropical birds. You are sometime see wild buffalo, deer and boar. A local ranger will lead you to enter this nature preservation. Return to boat and sail back to Labuan Bajo. Lunch will be provided on board. Upon arrival in Labuan Bajo drive directly to Ruteng. En route visit Cara where one can witness Lingko – the spider web shaped rice fields. Dinner and overnight at hotel Day 03 RUTENG – BAJAWA Ruteng is a small town in the backbone of Flores and neighbor to the Ruteng Nature Conservation Park – the home of Ngkiong – the endemic singing birds. Drive afterwards to Bajawa with beautiful panoramic views. The first stop will be at Ranamese – a crater lake with cloud forest. Lunch in Bajawa. Afternoon visit Wogo one of the big traditional village of Ngadha ethnic. Overnight at Wisma Kembang or similar. Day 04 BAJAWA – RIUNG After breakfast, excursion to Bena passing through huge and gigantic bamboo plantation, and take short walks in the vicinity. Arrive in Bena, see traditional houses and megalithic tombs, learn the meaning of Ngadhu and Bhaga symbolizing male and female of ancestral spirit. Back to Bajawa, lunch. Drive to Soa en route stop in Naru a village with huge megalithic monuments, arrive in Soa visit Mengeruda a hot water spring to dip in for relaxation. Proceed then to Riung. Dinner and overnight at Pondok SVD. Day 05 RIUNG There is Nature Conservation Park in Riung mainly to protect the under water ecosystem. Take your chance to explore the small islets off shore – known for the beautiful coral garden with white sand beaches. There is also an island with unspoiled mangrove forests inhabited by thousands of huge fruit eating bats. Take your whole day program to explore and enjoy the Park. Picnic lunch. Dinner and overnight at Pondok SVD. Day 06 RIUNG – ENDE – MONI Morning drive to Ende, It is worth to stop at Penggajawa Beach where locals collect blue pebbles for interinsuler trading. Lunch in Ende. Afternoon drive towards Nuabosi until reach the vantage point to enjoy an aerial view of Ende town which fortified with volcanoes beautifully located in south coast of Flores. Proceed then to Wolotopo, a typical coastal settlement of Lio ethnic with animistic shrine and Ikat weaving. Late afternoon drive to Moni with beautiful panoramic views. Dinner and overnight in Moni. Day 07 MONI – KELIMUTU – MAUMERE Early morning drive up to the three colored lake of Kelimutu, one of the Indonesia’s most mysterious and dramatic sights. The three lakes, set in deep craters at a height of 1,600m.Down to Moni for breakfast, then continue to Maumere with stop at Lio hill tribes of Jopu and Ranggase, offers fine Ikat weaving, then the village of Wolowaru. Lunch is provided. Day 08 MAUMERE – NEXT DESTINATION Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to the airport
Proposed World Heritage
Ngada traditional house and megalithic complex Flores
Date of Submission: 19/10/1995 Criteria: Category: Cultural Submission prepared by: Directorate General for Culture Coordinates: East Nusa Tenggara Ref.: 293
The Ngadha people of Ngada district are also called Rokka or Rokanese. The district is located in the southern and central parts of Flores, around the Inerie volcano and on the Bajawa plateau. Agriculture is the dominating source of income, and farmers cultivate corn, millet, and vegetables. Vanilla has been one of the most profitable crops in recent years. Some areas are also suitable for terraced rice fields.
The traditional Ngada villages are composed of wooden pile houses, which are organized according to clan territories. Marriage is strictly clan endogamous, and marriage between cousins is encouraged. After marriage, the husband belongs to his wife’s clan until full bride wealth is paid. Clans traditionally also acted as political units. Bena, a traditional village close to Jerebu’u
The capital of Ngada is Bajawa, which lies in the middle of the cool highlands. Near by is the most famous traditional village in the district, Bena. Some tourists find their way to Bajawa and Bena, but tourism potentials are far from fully utilised.
Palu Island, north of central Flores; north coast of Flores mainland, northwest of Maumere, Nangahure village. Alternate names: Lua, Palue, Paluqe.
The people of Palue consist of several sects, the Kimalaja (Himalaya sect), Loimite, Ubimuri, Kinde Pima, and Surya (Sun God) sect
The ancestors came via Bugis Bone, South Sulawesi, from Himalaya, on a boat named Sawar Gadi. A disaster struck the boat sank way out to sea. Just as the people were about to give up hope of staying alive, a group of turtles came to rescue the people and their treasure.
Usually turtles swim with their backs up, but at that moment, the turtles turned over and the people climbed onto the turtles bellies. The turtles took them to the shore, so the people of the Kimalaja sect always remember the turtles and regard them as a saviour god.
Whenever the Kimalaja sect conduct traditional ceremonies the song of Keja Lenga is sung and the textiles with the motif of the turtle is worn. This textile is so sacred it can never leave the island.
Until today, we must refrain from eating turtle meat because we believe that the turtles are like one of our own kind that helped their ancestors If we eat the turtle our hands will grow into turtle flippers.
It is our responsibility to care for turtles so that they will not be wiped out
Perhaps this is a folk tale, a legend or fact, yet until today it is still believed by the people and Keja Lenga is something we must remember forever.
Ende, 9,000 Ngao. Lesser Sundas, south central Flores, west of Sikka. Alternate names: Endeh. Dialects: Ende (Endeh, Jao, Djau), Ngao (Ngao, West Ende). A dialect subgroup. Lio [ljl] may be a dialect of Ende.
South central Flores, east of Ngada, south of Nage, south and southeast of Ebu Lobo volcano. Kecamatans Mauponggo and Nangaroro, Kabupaten Ngada. The Nage forms north border, Ngada is west, and Ende east. Alternate names: Nage-Keo. Dialects: Distinct from but most similar to Nage [nxe]. Similar to Ngada [nxg], Ende [end], Lio [ljl], Palue [ple], Riung [riu].
Central Flores, between Manggarai and Rembong, between Manggarai and Wae Rana, 1 area. Alternate names: Kepoq. Dialects: May be inherently intelligible with surrounding languages.
East tip of Flores, east of the Sika [ski], and on west Solor; Adonara Lembata (except the Kedang area) and in enclaves on Pantar north coast, northwest Alor, and surrounding islands. Alternate names: Solor, Solorese. Dialects: West Lamaholot (Muhang, Pukaunu), Lamaholot (Taka, Lewolaga, Ile Mandiri, Tanjung Bunda, Larantuka, Ritaebang), West Solor. Wide variation among dialects. Keraf (1978) reports 18 distinct languages. Probably as many as 10 languages
Eastern Flores, south of Lamaholot, east of Sika. Alternate names: Southwest Lamaholot.
Li’o – 130.000
central Flores, west of Sikka, Paga and Dondo areas. Alternate names: Aku, Lio, Lionese, Tanah Kunu. Dialects: Dialect subgroup with Ende [end]. Palue [ple] may be a dialect.
east end of Flores island, Larantuka City, Konga village; Adonara Island, Wure village. Alternate names: Nagi, Bahasa Nagi, Melayu Larantuka, Ende Malay. Dialects: Most similar to Kupang Malay [mkn].
Manggarai Tribe 638.000
west third of Flores Island. Dialects: Western Manggarai, Central Manggarai (Ruteng), West-Central Manggarai, Eastern Manggarai. Around 43 subdialects. Similar to Riung [riu].
The principal agricultural products cultivated are corn, rice, coconuts, cinnamon, coffee, tobacco, cotton, and wax. Fruits and vegetables are grown in the gardens around the villages. Livestock and poultry are also raised, and there is some exploitation of mineral deposits. Large quantities of mother-of-pearl are obtained from the fisheries of the Flores Sea. Fishing appears to be relatively unimportant, although the people do have fish ponds from which they extract salt during the dry season. A Manggarai village is often composed of small individual settlements. In the mountains, the people live on swiddens (land that has been cleared by “slash and burn” agriculture) for part of the year. After harvesting the crops, however, they return to their home village. Each village usually has its own mosque. The head of the mosque is responsible for all ceremonies, religious anniversaries, and the rites of the agricultural cycle. Manggarai descent is traced through both the males and females, and the circle of kinship is divided into various sub-groups. The center, however, is the nuclear family, composed of a man, woman, and their children. If a Manggarai man wishes to marry, he sends an eloquent woman to the house of the prospective bride. Acting as his representative, she makes the marriage proposal for him in very descriptive language. A bride-price is then paid, dependent on the social status of the woman. After marriage, the young couple immediately establishes their own household. Islam is the dominant religion in Indonesia today and is practiced by a majority of the population. Before the fourteenth century, Hinduism was widespread in the area but is now practiced by only a small number of people. About 14% of the population is Christian, primarily Protestant; and many Chinese follow Buddhist-Taoist teachings. Animistic religions (belief that non-human objects have spirits) are still followed by tribes in remote areas. The Manggarai are 50% Sunni Muslims and 46% animists. As a whole, the island of Flores is 80% Catholic, but many of the people have mixed their faith with animistic practices.
Central Flores, northeast of Ngada, Ebu Lobo volcano north and west slopes. Alternate names: Nag窠Nage-Keo.
South central Flores, between Manggarai and Ende and Lio. Alternate names: Badjava, Bajava, Bajawa, Nada, Ngada, Ngada, Ngadha, Rokka. Dialects: Central Ngada, Bajawa, South Ngada. Dialect diversity.
the village of Bena, which is located approximately 22 kilometers south of the City Bajawa Ngada Capital District, East Nusa Tenggara.
In the village of Bena, time seemed to stop. Because this village has not been touched by technological advances. Architecture is still very simple building, which has only one gate for entry and exit, as in civilizations in ancient times.
According to government records Ngada District, Kampong Bena estimated to have existed since 1200 years ago. Up to now the pattern of community life and culture has not changed much. Where people still adhere to traditions handed down by their ancestors.
The village of Bena has 375 meters long and 80 meters wide on top of the hill, at the foot of Mount Inerie, about 785 meters above sea level. Bena people believe, at the top of Mount Inerie Zeta god dwells, the gods who protect them. Around the village there into the canyon with up to tens of meters.
Chairman of the Institute of Traditional Village Tiwo Riwu, Yoseph Bruga Gale, disclose, according to the story of the parents, initially this Bena Village ship. Currently inhabited village of Bena 326 inhabitants, or 120 families. While thousands of other souls who are descendants of citizens residing outside Bena traditional village.
In the village there are 45 units Bena houses, inhabited by nine tribes. Namely, Interest Dizi, Dizi tribes azi, Wahto Interest, Interest Lalulewa Deru, Deru Solamae Interest, Interest Ngada, Khopa Tribe, and Tribal Ago.
To distinguish between one tribe to another tribe, separated by nine-level elevation of land in this village. Where every single tribe in the same altitude level.
Houses Bena tribe, was in the middle, because the tribe is considered the oldest tribes, and is the founder of Bena Village. Hence, this village was named after the village of Bena. To communicate everyday, the villagers are using Nga’dha language. Bena village all citizens now embrace the Catholic religion.
The remains of civilization megaliths seen in this village. Like a stone ornaments that served as a tomb, and as a building that resembles monumen.Seperti this umbrella, called Nga’dhu. This building is a media liaison with their male ancestors.
Nga’dhu also serves as a symbol of the existence of a clan. The building was erected as a new clan is formed. Establishment through the ritual sacrifice of animals.
Animal blood sacrifice is made in the stone building, which is believed to give spiritual strength to the clan that was formed. It is said that once the animals are not victimized, but the human head.
Bena Village residents embraced matriarkat kinship system, which follows the maternal lineage. Bena man who was married to another tribe women, will become part of her clan.
Nuclear family house called sakalobo man. This is marked by a statue of a man holding machetes and spears in the house. While the core of her family’s house called sakapu’u.
On the roof is installed bumbungan miniature bhaga, which has a meaning as a motivation to live for their children, as well as a reminder that wherever they go away, must be remembered that this village is a place of their origin.
Buffalo horns and pig jaws and fangs, is a symbol of social status of the Bena, which comes from animals that were sacrificed by the clan. More and more animals are sacrificed, the higher the degree of social.
Most people Bena livelihood as a farmer’s field. Their garden is located on the sides of the surrounding canyon Bena village.
And the women weave cloth horse and elephant motive which is typical of Bena. Since the village is a tourist destination, residents woven into one of the mainstay for livelihood citizens.
Age continues to grow, but the villagers determined Bena, still will maintain the sustainability of their traditional homes. Because this is a way to preserve heritage, which has been maintained since hundreds of years ago. (Sup)
South central Flores, Kabupaten Ngada, Kecamatan Golewa between Ngada and Nage, Sara Sedu, Taka Tunga, Sanga Deto administrative villages; Desa Rowa, Kecamatan Boawae. Alternate names: Southeast Ngada. Dialects: Minor dialect variation.
Palu Island, north of central Flores; north coast of Flores mainland, northwest of Maumere, Nangahure village. Alternate names: Lua, Palue, Paluqe. Dialects: Dialect subgroup with Ende-Lio; marginal intelligibility with Lio [ljl].
Central Flores, Manggarai, Wae Rana, Ngada, and Rembong areas. 2 enclaves. Alternate names: Razong.
North central Flores, between Eastern Manggarai and Riung. Dialects: Rembong, Wangka, Namu.
North central Flores Island, Lesser Sundas, Kabupaten Ngada, Kecamatan Riung. Alternate names: Far Eastern Manggarai. Dialects: Similar to Manggarai [mqy], but marginal intelligibility.
South central Flores, between Manggarai and Ngada, and south of Wae Rana.
Rongga is spoken by around 4000 speakers, mainly in three villages (Tanarata, Bamo, and Watunggene) in the Flores island Indonesia . However, a small number of its speakers are also found in the neighbou ring village of Waelengga . These villages belong to the administration of Kota Komba sub-district, the regency of Manggarai. It is one of several small undocumented Austronesian languages clustered between Manggarai and Ngadha. Manggarai, the biggest language on the island, with more than half a million speakers dominates the western part of Flores , in West and (East) Manggarai regencies (7136,4 km2 ), almost one third of the island. Ngadha (also called Bajawa) with about 66,000 speakers is spoken in the regency of Ngada, east of Rongga. Other small languages to the north include Waerana, Kepo’ and Manus.
eastern Flores Island, between Lio and Lamaholot. Alternate names: Krowe, Maumere, Sara Sikka, Sikka, Sikkanese. Dialects: Sara Krowe (Central Sikka), Sikka Natar (South Coast Sikka, Kanga秬 Tana Ai. Wide linguistic and cultural variation.
Central Flores, central Kabupaten Ngada, between Ngada and Riung. Alternate names: Soa. Dialects: Similar to Ngada [nxg
South central Flores, between Manggarai and Ngada. Alternate names: Waerana.
Born in the Netherlands on 23-04-1940 and passed away in Bali on 25-05-2015. Farelli was the pseudonym of a remarkable man who was infused with an obsessive desire to create things that did not yet exist. Born in the Netherlands in 1940 Dolf Versteegh left his home country in 1990 in order to start a new life on the Island of Bali. Without any formal education he reinvented himself as an architect, as a designer of furniture, as a sculptor and as a writer.
As a teenager Dolf spent only three years in High School but he kept studying history and the natural world all his life and during his last 25 years on Bali he revealed himself not only as versatile artist but also as a formidable scholar of biology.
Farelli was a prolific creator of web content and what he has left behind will remain standing as a great monument to his creative spirit, his ingenuity and his never-ending search for knowledge.