General The Mamberamo – Foya Wildlife Reserve is located west of Jayapura and comprises an area of 1,440,000 ha. The reserve includes the largest lake, Danau Rombebai, of Irian Jaya and holds a variety of habitats; from the north coast’s mangrove forests and peatswamp, up to the montane forests of the Foya Mountains and down again through lowland forest to the swampy plain of the Sungai Taritatu. The longest river of Irian Jaya, the Sungai Mamberamo, runs through the area. The river is fed by two other large rivers, the Sungai Taritatu and the Sungai Tariko. A unique lake-plains depression, a large swampy area with numerous lakes, is found at the point where the rivers converge. The Mamberamo area is under severe threat. Mamberamo has been proposed as an industrial development area, including a planned mega hydro-electric project in the Mamberamo River. Access It’s very difficult to access the Mamberamo – Foya area. To get there, base yourself in Sentani or Jayapura. From there you have to arrange a flight with MAF or AMA to one of the airstrips in the area in Kwerba, Papasena, Tayayi or Navere. An other possibility is to catch a plane or boat to Sarmi. In Sarmi you have to hire a boat to travel along the reserve’s rivers although you won’t be able to go any further than Kwerba, where dangerous rapids stop you from entering the upstream region. Accommodation There is no accommodation inside the reserve. Jayapura and Sentani offer several possibilities. Addresses WWF, Jl.Angkasa Indah 11, No.7, Jayapura PHPA, Jl.Tanjung Ria II, Base G, Jayapura.
Location:1-ª27’S, 137-ª50’E to 3-ª45’S, 140-ª15’E; along the Mamberamo and Idenburg Rivers in northeastern Irian Jaya. Area:Over 728,000 ha of wetlands in an area of 1,442,500 ha. Altitude:Sea level to 2,193m. Description of site: The site incorporates an excellent spectrum of habitats from mangrove forests and peat swamps on the north coast up to the montane forests of the Foja Mountains and down again through lowland forest to the swampy plain of the Idenburg River. The area is virtually pristine and contains a great wealth of wildlife. It includes one of the largest lakes in Irian Jaya, Danau Rombebai, a permanent freshwater lake of about 14,000 ha in the Mamberamo Delta. The site also includes the largest river in Irian Jaya, with its hundreds of oxbow lakes, and vast areas of peat swamp and freshwater swamp. Estimates of the total area of each major habitat are as follows: mangrove forest 36,062 ha; freshwater lakes 14,425 ha; peat swamp 432,750 ha; freshwater swamp on non-alluvial soils 216,375 ha; freshwater swamp on alluvial soils 28,850 ha; wet lowland forest on alluvium 43,375 ha wet lowland forest on rocks 504,875 ha; wet lowland forest on ultra-basic rocks 43,475 ha. Principal vegetation: Mangrove forest, freshwater swamp forest and peat swamp forest; no detailed information is available Land tenure:State owned. Conservation measures taken:None. Conservation measures proposed: The entire area has been proposed as a National Park and World Heritage Site. Land use: Exploration for petroleum. There are only a few small settlements in the area of the proposed national park. Disturbances and threats: Exploration for petroleum has been going on in the northern Mamberamo area for several years, and proposals have been made to carry out exploratory drilling. Economic and social values: No information. Fauna: At least 28 species of freshwater fishes have been recorded. Six of these are known only from the Mamberambo River~ Hemipimelodus bernhardi, Netuma microstoma, Zenarchopterus alleni, Melanotaenia praecox, Melon otaenia vanheurni and Parambassis oiilpinnis. A further eighteen species are endemic to New Guinea: Anus sp, Neosilurus equinus, N. idenburgi, Anguilla interioris, Zenarchopterus kampeni, Chilatherina crassispinosa, C. lorentzi, Glossolepis multisquamatus, Parambassis confinis, Hephaestus obtusifrons, Glossamia beaul orti, G. gjellerupi, G. heurni, Ctenogobius tigrellus, Mogurnda sp, Odonteleotris nesolepis, Oxyeleotris fimbriata and 0. novaeguineae. The other four species, Neosilurus ater, Mogurnda mogurnda, Oxyeleotnis herwerdeni and 0. lineolatus, are of more widespread occurrence. Some 330 species of birds, including many waterbirds, and 100 species of mammals have been recorded. The area supports the largest known populations of the Estuarine Crocodile Crocodylus porosus and New Guinea Crocodile C. novaeguineae in the world. Special floral values: No information. Research and facilities: Basic faunal and floral surveys have been carried out in the area. Site Location North central Irian Jaya containing the large Mamberamo River. As of 1993 the road from Jayapura has not reached the Mamberamo River. Kecamatan Dabra on the middle Mamberamo has and airstrip which can be reached from Jayapura by missionary aircraft (Cessnas). There are also many motorized canoes at this subdistrict centre. Several other small settlements (such as Pagai) have airstrips. The rapids at Kwerba on the lower to Middle Mamberamo (below the confluence with the Rouffaer) are an effective obstacle to shipping, keeping all but the bravest small boat captains from entering the region.
List of Birds (161 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Accipiter buergersi Deficient Data App II Accipiter meyerianus App II Aceros plicatus Aepypodius arfakianus Alisterus chloropterus App II Amalocichla incerta Amblyornis flavifrons Lower Risk Amblyornis macgregoriae Arses telescophthalmus Artamus maximus Cacatua galerita App II Cacomantis castaneiventris Cacomantis variolosus Campochaera sloetii Casuarius bennetti Lower Risk Casuarius unappendiculatus Vulnerable Centropus menbeki Ceyx lepidus Chaetorhynchus papuensis Chalcites meyerii Charmosyna josefinae App II Charmosyna pulchella App II Chenorhamphus grayi Lower Risk Cicinnurus regius App II Collocalia esculenta Colluricincla megarhyncha Coracina caeruleogrisea Coracina melaena Coracina montana Coracina morio Coracina schisticeps Corvus tristis Crateroscelis murina Crateroscelis robusta Dacelo gaudichaud Dicaeum pectorale Diphyllodes magnificus App II Domicella lory App II Drepanornis albertisii App II Drymodes superciliaris Ducula zoeae Erythrura trichroa Eudynamis scolopacea Eugerygone rubra Eupetes castanonotus Eupetes leucostictus Falco berigora App II Gallicolumba beccarii Gallicolumba rufigula Garritornis isidori Geoffroyus simplex App II Gerygone chloronata Gerygone cinerea Gerygone palpebrosa Gerygone ruficollis Goura victoria Vulnerable App II Grallina bruijni Gymnophaps albertisii Halcyon torotoro Harpyopsis novaeguineae Vulnerable App II Hemiprocne mystacea Henicopernis longicauda App II Heteromyias albispecularis Hirundo tahitica Machaerirhynchus flaviventer Machaerirhynchus nigripectus Macropygia amboinensis Macropygia nigrirostris Malurus alboscapulatus Manucodia chalybata App II Manucodia jobiensis App II Manucodia keraudrenii App II Megaloprepia magnifica Melanocharis longicauda Melanocharis nigra Melanocharis versteri Melidectes ochromelas Melidora macrorhina Melilestes megarhynchus
List of Fish (14 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Arius solidus Chilatherina crassispinosa Chilatherina lorentzi Glossamia beauforti Glossamia gjellerupi Gobius tigrellus Deficient Data Hephaestus obtusifrons Deficient Data Melanotaenia praecox Deficient Data Melanotaenia vanheurni Deficient Data Neosilurus idenburgi Parambassis altipinnis Deficient Data Parambassis confinis Zenarchopterus alleni Deficient Data Zenarchopterus kampeni
List of Reptiles (2 species) Species Red Data Book Cites Crocodylus novaeguineae App II Crocodylus porosus Vulnerable App II
An international team of scientists says it has found a “lost world” in the Indonesian jungle that is home to dozens of new animal and plant species. “It’s as close to the Garden of Eden as you’re going to find on Earth,” said Bruce Beehler, co-leader of the group. The team recorded new butterflies, frogs, and a series of remarkable plants that included five new palms and a giant rhododendron flower. The survey also found a honeyeater bird that was previously unknown to science. It’s beautiful, untouched, unpopulated forest; there’s no evidence of human impact or presence Dr Bruce Beehler, Conservation International The research group – from the US, Indonesia and Australia – trekked through an area in the mist-shrouded Foja Mountains, located just north of the vast Mamberamo Basin of north-western (Indonesian) New Guinea. The researchers spent nearly a month in the locality, detailing the wildlife and plant life from the lower hills to near the summit of the Foja range, which reaches more than 2,000m in elevation. “It’s beautiful, untouched, unpopulated forest; there’s no evidence of human impact or presence up in these mountains,” Dr Beehler told the BBC News website. “We were dropped in by helicopter. There’s not a trail anywhere; it was really hard to get around.” He said that even two local indigenous groups, the Kwerba and Papasena people, customary landowners of the forest who accompanied the scientists, were astonished at the area’s isolation. “The men from the local villages came with us and they made it clear that no one they knew had been anywhere near this area – not even their ancestors,” Mr Beehler said. Unafraid of humans One of the team’s most remarkable discoveries was a honeyeater bird with a bright orange patch on its face – the first new bird species to be sighted on the island of New Guinea in more than 60 years. The researchers also solved a major ornithological mystery – the location of the homeland of Berlepsch’s six-wired bird of paradise. First described in the late 19th Century through specimens collected by indigenous hunters from an unknown location on New Guinea, the species had been the focus of several subsequent expeditions that failed to find it. On only the second day of the team’s expedition, the amazed scientists watched as a male Berlepsch’s bird of paradise performed a mating dance for an attending female in the field camp. It was the first time a live male of the species had been observed by Western scientists, and proved that the Foja Mountains was the species’ true home. “This bird had been filed away and forgotten; it had been lost. To rediscover it was, for me, in some ways, more exciting than finding the honeyeater. I spent 20 years working on birds of paradise; they’re pretty darn sexy beasts,” Dr Beehler enthused. The team also recorded a golden-mantled tree kangaroo, which was previously thought to have been hunted to near-extinction. Mr Beehler said some of the creatures the team came into contact with were remarkably unafraid of humans. Two long-beaked echidnas, primitive egg-laying mammals, even allowed scientists to pick them up and bring them back to their camp to be studied, he added. The December 2005 expedition was organised by the US-based organisation Conservation International, together with the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. The team says it did not have nearly enough time during its expedition to survey the area completely and intends to return later in the year. The locality lies within a protected zone and Dr Beehler believes its future is secure in the short term. “The key investment is the local communities. Their knowledge, appreciation and oral traditions are so important. They are the forest stewards who will look after these assets,” Dr Beehler told the BBC. A summary of the team’s main discoveries: * A new species of honeyeater, the first new bird species discovered on the island of New Guinea since 1939 * The formerly unknown breeding grounds of a “lost” bird of paradise – the six-wired bird of paradise ( Parotia berlepschi ) * First photographs of the golden-fronted bowerbird displaying at its bower. * A new large mammal for Indonesia, the golden-mantled tree kangaroo ( Dendrolagus pulcherrimus ) * More than 20 new species of frogs, including a tiny microhylid frog less than 14mm long * A series of previously undescribed plant species, including five new species of palms * A remarkable white-flowered rhododendron with flower about 15cm across * Four new butterfly species. Story from BBC NEWS: http://news.bbc.co.uk/go/pr/fr/-/2/hi/science/nature/4688000.stm Published: 2006/02/07 05:51:41 GMT
Born in the Netherlands on 23-04-1940 and passed away in Bali on 25-05-2015. Farelli was the pseudonym of a remarkable man who was infused with an obsessive desire to create things that did not yet exist. Born in the Netherlands in 1940 Dolf Versteegh left his home country in 1990 in order to start a new life on the Island of Bali. Without any formal education he reinvented himself as an architect, as a designer of furniture, as a sculptor and as a writer.
As a teenager Dolf spent only three years in High School but he kept studying history and the natural world all his life and during his last 25 years on Bali he revealed himself not only as versatile artist but also as a formidable scholar of biology.
Farelli was a prolific creator of web content and what he has left behind will remain standing as a great monument to his creative spirit, his ingenuity and his never-ending search for knowledge.