East Papua Mamberamo Foya Wildlife Reserve

East Papua

Mamberamo Foya Wildlife Reserve

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Suaka Margasatwa,, Mamberamo  Foya,  Wildlife Reserve
The Mamberamo – Foya Wildlife Reserve is located west of Jayapura and comprises an area of 1,440,000 ha. The reserve includes the largest lake, Danau Rombebai, of Irian Jaya and holds a variety of habitats; from the north coast’s mangrove forests and peatswamp, up to the montane forests of the Foya Mountains and down again through lowland forest to the swampy plain of the Sungai Taritatu.
The longest river of Irian Jaya, the Sungai Mamberamo, runs through the area. The river is fed by two other large rivers, the Sungai Taritatu and the Sungai Tariko. A unique lake-plains depression, a large swampy area with numerous lakes, is found at the point where the rivers converge.
The Mamberamo area is under severe threat. Mamberamo has been proposed as an industrial development area, including a planned mega hydro-electric project in the Mamberamo River.
It’s very difficult to access the Mamberamo – Foya area. To get there, base yourself in Sentani or Jayapura. From there you have to arrange a flight with MAF or AMA to one of the airstrips in the area in Kwerba, Papasena, Tayayi or Navere. An other possibility is to catch a plane or boat to Sarmi. In Sarmi you have to hire a boat to travel along the reserve’s rivers although you won’t be able to go any further than Kwerba, where dangerous rapids stop you from entering the upstream region.
There is no accommodation inside the reserve. Jayapura and Sentani offer several possibilities.
WWF, Jl.Angkasa Indah 11, No.7, Jayapura
PHPA, Jl.Tanjung Ria II, Base G, Jayapura.
Location:1-ª27’S, 137-ª50’E to 3-ª45’S, 140-ª15’E; along the Mamberamo and Idenburg Rivers in northeastern Irian Jaya.
Area:Over 728,000 ha of wetlands in an area of 1,442,500 ha.
Altitude:Sea level to 2,193m.
Description of site:
The site incorporates an excellent spectrum of habitats from mangrove forests and peat swamps on the north coast up to the montane forests of the Foja Mountains and down again through lowland forest to the swampy plain of the Idenburg River. The area is virtually pristine and contains a great wealth of wildlife. It includes one of the largest lakes in Irian Jaya, Danau Rombebai, a permanent freshwater lake of about 14,000 ha in the Mamberamo Delta. The site also includes the largest river in Irian Jaya, with its hundreds of oxbow lakes, and vast areas of peat swamp and freshwater swamp. Estimates of the total area of each major habitat are as follows: mangrove forest 36,062 ha; freshwater lakes 14,425 ha; peat swamp 432,750 ha; freshwater swamp on non-alluvial soils 216,375 ha; freshwater swamp on alluvial soils 28,850 ha; wet lowland forest on alluvium 43,375 ha wet lowland forest on rocks 504,875 ha; wet lowland forest on ultra-basic rocks 43,475 ha.
Principal vegetation:
Mangrove forest, freshwater swamp forest and peat swamp forest; no detailed information is available
Land tenure:State owned.
Conservation measures taken:None.
Conservation measures proposed:
The entire area has been proposed as a National Park and World Heritage Site.
Land use:
Exploration for petroleum. There are only a few small settlements in the area of the proposed national park.
Disturbances and threats:
Exploration for petroleum has been going on in the northern Mamberamo area for several years, and proposals have been made to carry out exploratory drilling.
Economic and social values:
No information.
At least 28 species of freshwater fishes have been recorded. Six of these are known only from the Mamberambo River~ Hemipimelodus bernhardi, Netuma microstoma, Zenarchopterus alleni, Melanotaenia praecox, Melon otaenia vanheurni and Parambassis oiilpinnis. A further eighteen species are endemic to New Guinea: Anus sp, Neosilurus equinus, N. idenburgi, Anguilla interioris, Zenarchopterus kampeni, Chilatherina crassispinosa, C. lorentzi, Glossolepis multisquamatus, Parambassis confinis, Hephaestus obtusifrons, Glossamia beaul orti, G. gjellerupi, G. heurni, Ctenogobius tigrellus, Mogurnda sp, Odonteleotris nesolepis, Oxyeleotris fimbriata and 0. novaeguineae. The other four species, Neosilurus ater, Mogurnda mogurnda, Oxyeleotnis herwerdeni and 0. lineolatus, are of more widespread occurrence.
Some 330 species of birds, including many waterbirds, and 100 species of mammals have been recorded. The area supports the largest known populations of the Estuarine Crocodile Crocodylus porosus and New Guinea Crocodile C. novaeguineae in the world.
Special floral values:
No information.
Research and facilities:
Basic faunal and floral surveys have been carried out in the area.
Site Location North central Irian Jaya containing the large Mamberamo River. As of 1993 the road from Jayapura has not reached the Mamberamo River. Kecamatan Dabra on the middle Mamberamo has and airstrip which can be reached from Jayapura by missionary aircraft (Cessnas). There are also many motorized canoes at this subdistrict centre. Several other small settlements (such as Pagai) have airstrips. The rapids at Kwerba on the lower to Middle Mamberamo (below the confluence with the Rouffaer) are an effective obstacle to shipping, keeping all but the bravest small boat captains from entering the region.
List of Birds (161 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Accipiter buergersi Deficient Data App II
Accipiter meyerianus App II
Aceros plicatus
Aepypodius arfakianus
Alisterus chloropterus App II
Amalocichla incerta
Amblyornis flavifrons Lower Risk
Amblyornis macgregoriae
Arses telescophthalmus
Artamus maximus
Cacatua galerita App II
Cacomantis castaneiventris
Cacomantis variolosus
Campochaera sloetii
Casuarius bennetti Lower Risk
Casuarius unappendiculatus Vulnerable
Centropus menbeki
Ceyx lepidus
Chaetorhynchus papuensis
Chalcites meyerii
Charmosyna josefinae App II
Charmosyna pulchella App II
Chenorhamphus grayi Lower Risk
Cicinnurus regius App II
Collocalia esculenta
Colluricincla megarhyncha
Coracina caeruleogrisea
Coracina melaena
Coracina montana
Coracina morio
Coracina schisticeps
Corvus tristis
Crateroscelis murina
Crateroscelis robusta
Dacelo gaudichaud
Dicaeum pectorale
Diphyllodes magnificus App II
Domicella lory App II
Drepanornis albertisii App II
Drymodes superciliaris
Ducula zoeae
Erythrura trichroa
Eudynamis scolopacea
Eugerygone rubra
Eupetes castanonotus
Eupetes leucostictus
Falco berigora App II
Gallicolumba beccarii
Gallicolumba rufigula
Garritornis isidori
Geoffroyus simplex App II
Gerygone chloronata
Gerygone cinerea
Gerygone palpebrosa
Gerygone ruficollis
Goura victoria Vulnerable App II
Grallina bruijni
Gymnophaps albertisii
Halcyon torotoro
Harpyopsis novaeguineae Vulnerable App II
Hemiprocne mystacea
Henicopernis longicauda App II
Heteromyias albispecularis
Hirundo tahitica
Machaerirhynchus flaviventer
Machaerirhynchus nigripectus
Macropygia amboinensis
Macropygia nigrirostris
Malurus alboscapulatus
Manucodia chalybata App II
Manucodia jobiensis App II
Manucodia keraudrenii App II
Megaloprepia magnifica
Melanocharis longicauda
Melanocharis nigra
Melanocharis versteri
Melidectes ochromelas
Melidora macrorhina
Melilestes megarhynchus
Meliphaga flaviventer
Meliphaga montana
Meliphaga orientalis
Melipotes fumigatus
Microdynamis parva
Microeca papuana
Micropsitta bruijnii App II
Mino dumontii
Monachella muelleriana
Monarcha axillaris
Monarcha chrysomela
Monarcha frater
Motacilla cinerea
Myzomela cruentata
Myzomela nigrita
Myzomela rosenbergii
Neopsittacus musschenbroekii App II
Ninox theomacha App II
Oedistoma iliolophum
Oedistoma pygmaeum
Oreocharis arfaki
Oriolus szalayi
Otidiphaps nobilis
Pachycare flavogrisea
Pachycephala griseiceps
Pachycephala hyperythra
Pachycephala rufinucha
Pachycephala schlegelii
Pachycephalopsis hattamensis
Paradisaea minor App II
Parotia carolae App II
Peltops montanus
Peneothello bimaculatus
Peneothello cryptoleucus
Peneothello cyanus
Philemon brassi Deficient Data
Philemon meyeri
Phylloscopus trivirgatus
Pitohui cristatus
Pitohui dichrous
Pitohui ferrugineus
Pitohui kirhocephalus
Pitohui nigrescens
Pitta erythrogaster
Pseudeos fuscata App II
Psittaculirostris salvadorii Vulnerable App II
Psittrichas fulgidus Vulnerable App II
Ptilinopus ornatus
Ptilinopus pulchellus
Ptilinopus rivoli
Ptilinopus superbus
Ptilinopus viridis
Ptiloprora mayri
Ptiloris magnificus App II
Pycnopygius ixoides
Rallicula forbesi
Reinwardtoena reinwardtsi
Rhamphocharis crassirostris
Rhipidura albolimbata
Rhipidura atra
Rhipidura brachyrhyncha
Rhipidura hyperythra
Rhipidura rufidorsa
Rhipidura rufiventris
Rhipidura threnothorax
Scolopax saturata
Seleucidis melanoleuca App II
Sericornis arfakianus
Sericornis nouhuysi
Sericornis papuensis
Sericornis perspicillatus
Sericornis spilodera
Sericornis virgatus
Talegalla jobiensis
Timeliopsis fulvigula
Toxorhamphus novaeguineae
Tregellasia leucops
Tyto tenebricosa App II
Xanthotis polygramma
Zoothera dauma
Zosterops atrifrons
Zosterops fuscicapilla
List of Mammals (101 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Anisomys imitator
Antechinus melanurus
Antechinus naso Deficient Data
Aselliscus tricuspidatus
Cercartetus caudatus
Chaerephon jobensis
Dactylopsila palpator
Dactylopsila trivirgata
Dasyurus albopunctatus Vulnerable
Dendrolagus goodfellowi Endengered
Dendrolagus inustus Deficient Data App II
Distoechurus pennatus
Dobsonia minor Lower Risk
Dobsonia moluccense
Dorcopsis hageni
Dorcopsulus vanheurni
Echymipera clara Deficient Data
Echymipera kalubu
Echymipera rufescens
Emballonura beccarii
Emballonura furax Vulnerable
Emballonura nigrescens
Emballonura raffrayana Lower Risk
Hipposideros ater
Hipposideros calcaratus
Hipposideros cervinus
Hipposideros diadema
Hydromys chrysogaster
Hydromys habbema Lower Risk
Hyomys goliath
Leptomys elegans
Lorentzimys nouhuysi
Macroglossus minimus
Macruromys major Endengered
Melomys lanosus
Melomys leucogaster
Melomys levipes
Melomys lorentzi
Melomys lutillus
Melomys platyops
Melomys rattoides
Melomys rubex
Melomys rufescens
Microhydromys richardsoni Lower Risk
Microperoryctes longicauda
Miniopterus australis
Miniopterus magnater
Miniopterus medius
Miniopterus tristis

Mormopterus beccarii
Murexia longicaudata
Murina florium
Mus musculus
Myoictis melas
Myotis adversus
Nyctimene aello Rare
Nyctimene albiventer
Nyctimene cyclotis Lower Risk
Nyctimene draconilla Vulnerable
Nyctophilus bifax
Parahydromys asper
Paraleptomys rufilatus
Paraleptomys wilhelmina Vulnerable
Paranyctimene raptor Lower Risk
Peroryctes raffrayana
Petaurus breviceps
Phalanger orientalis App II
Phalanger vestitus Vulnerable
Phascolosorex doriae Deficient Data
Philetor brachypterus
Pipistrellus tenuis
Pogonomelomys mayeri
Pogonomys loriae
Pogonomys macrourus
Pogonomys sylvestris
Pseudocheirops albertisii Vulnerable
Pseudocheirops cupreus
Pseudocheirus canescens Deficient Data
Pseudocheirus forbesi
Pseudocheirus mayeri
Pteropus conspicillatus App II
Pteropus hypomelanus App II
Pteropus macrotis Inderteminante App II
Pteropus neohibernicus App II
Rattus exulans
Rattus niobe
Rattus praetor
Rattus rattus
Rattus steini
Rhinolophus euryotis
Rousettus amplexicaudatus
Spilocuscus maculatus App II
Spilocuscus rufoniger Endengered
Stenomys niobe
Strigocuscus gymnotis Deficient Data
Sus scrofa
Syconycteris australis
Taphozous saccolaimus
Uromys anak Lower Risk
Uromys caudimaculatus
Xenuromys barbatus Lower Risk
List of Fish (14 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Arius solidus
Chilatherina crassispinosa
Chilatherina lorentzi
Glossamia beauforti
Glossamia gjellerupi
Gobius tigrellus Deficient Data
Hephaestus obtusifrons Deficient Data
Melanotaenia praecox Deficient Data
Melanotaenia vanheurni Deficient Data
Neosilurus idenburgi
Parambassis altipinnis Deficient Data
Parambassis confinis
Zenarchopterus alleni Deficient Data
Zenarchopterus kampeni
List of Reptiles (2 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Crocodylus novaeguineae App II
Crocodylus porosus Vulnerable App II

Science team finds ‘lost world’


An international team of scientists says it has found a “lost world” in the Indonesian jungle that is home to dozens of new animal and plant species.
“It’s as close to the Garden of Eden as you’re going to find on Earth,” said Bruce Beehler, co-leader of the group.
The team recorded new butterflies, frogs, and a series of remarkable plants that included five new palms and a giant rhododendron flower.
The survey also found a honeyeater bird that was previously unknown to science.
It’s beautiful, untouched, unpopulated forest; there’s no evidence of human impact or presence
Dr Bruce Beehler, Conservation International
The research group – from the US, Indonesia and Australia – trekked through an area in the mist-shrouded Foja Mountains, located just north of the vast Mamberamo Basin of north-western (Indonesian) New Guinea.
The researchers spent nearly a month in the locality, detailing the wildlife and plant life from the lower hills to near the summit of the Foja range, which reaches more than 2,000m in elevation.
“It’s beautiful, untouched, unpopulated forest; there’s no evidence of human impact or presence up in these mountains,” Dr Beehler told the BBC News website.
“We were dropped in by helicopter. There’s not a trail anywhere; it was really hard to get around.”
He said that even two local indigenous groups, the Kwerba and Papasena people, customary landowners of the forest who accompanied the scientists, were astonished at the area’s isolation.
“The men from the local villages came with us and they made it clear that no one they knew had been anywhere near this area – not even their ancestors,” Mr Beehler said.
Unafraid of humans
One of the team’s most remarkable discoveries was a honeyeater bird with a bright orange patch on its face – the first new bird species to be sighted on the island of New Guinea in more than 60 years.
The researchers also solved a major ornithological mystery – the location of the homeland of Berlepsch’s six-wired bird of paradise.
First described in the late 19th Century through specimens collected by indigenous hunters from an unknown location on New Guinea, the species had been the focus of several subsequent expeditions that failed to find it.
On only the second day of the team’s expedition, the amazed scientists watched as a male Berlepsch’s bird of paradise performed a mating dance for an attending female in the field camp.
It was the first time a live male of the species had been observed by Western scientists, and proved that the Foja Mountains was the species’ true home.
“This bird had been filed away and forgotten; it had been lost. To rediscover it was, for me, in some ways, more exciting than finding the honeyeater. I spent 20 years working on birds of paradise; they’re pretty darn sexy beasts,” Dr Beehler enthused.
The team also recorded a golden-mantled tree kangaroo, which was previously thought to have been hunted to near-extinction.
Mr Beehler said some of the creatures the team came into contact with were remarkably unafraid of humans.
Two long-beaked echidnas, primitive egg-laying mammals, even allowed scientists to pick them up and bring them back to their camp to be studied, he added.
The December 2005 expedition was organised by the US-based organisation Conservation International, together with the Indonesian Institute of Sciences.
The team says it did not have nearly enough time during its expedition to survey the area completely and intends to return later in the year.
The locality lies within a protected zone and Dr Beehler believes its future is secure in the short term.
“The key investment is the local communities. Their knowledge, appreciation and oral traditions are so important. They are the forest stewards who will look after these assets,” Dr Beehler told the BBC.
A summary of the team’s main discoveries:
* A new species of honeyeater, the first new bird species discovered on the island of New Guinea since 1939
* The formerly unknown breeding grounds of a “lost” bird of paradise – the six-wired bird of paradise ( Parotia berlepschi )
* First photographs of the golden-fronted bowerbird displaying at its bower.
* A new large mammal for Indonesia, the golden-mantled tree kangaroo ( Dendrolagus pulcherrimus )
* More than 20 new species of frogs, including a tiny microhylid frog less than 14mm long
* A series of previously undescribed plant species, including five new species of palms
* A remarkable white-flowered rhododendron with flower about 15cm across
* Four new butterfly species.
Story from BBC NEWS:
Published: 2006/02/07 05:51:41 GMT

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