Aceh Bappeda Office, Langsa Kemuning

Langsa Kemuning Nature Reserve


Bappeda Office, Langsa-Aceh

Longitude (DD) 97.89384885
Latitude (DD) 4.35161617
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 844

North Sumatra, King’s palace Simalungun

North Sumatra, King’s palace Simalungun

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King’s palace in Simalungun, north Sumatra.
The first King, Tuan Pangultop Ultop (who actually came from Pakpak) reigned the Purba Kingdom from 1624 to 1648.

North Sumatra, Maimun Palace, Medan

North Sumatra, Maimun Palace, Medan

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Click to Enlarge !


Click to Enlarge !


Click to Enlarge !


Istana Maimun Palace (engl.: Maimun Palace or Maimoon Palace) is a well-known landmark at Medan, the capital city of North Sumatra.

Built by the Kesultanan of Deli (Sultan of Deli), Sultan Makmun Al Rasyid Perkasa Alamsyah in years 1887–1891, the palace covers 2,772 m² and has 30 rooms. The Palace has become a tourist destination not solely because of age but also because of the unique interior design of the palace, mixing elements of Malay cultural heritage, Islam, Spanish, Indian, and Italian style.

Aceh, Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman

Aceh, Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman

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The Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman : Architectural Phenomenon

The Grand Mosque of Baiturrahman is located in the center of the city of Banda Aceh.  Characterized by a 35-meter tower, 7 grand domes and 7 minarets, the Baiturrahman is probably the prototype for many mosques in Indonesia and Malaysian peninsula; supersede the layered roofed-style mosque.

Photo by Himawan/


Jambi, Al Falah Grand Mosque

Jambi, Al Falah Grand Mosque



Mosque, dubbed by the Thousand Pillar Mosque was built on January 16, 1971 and inaugurated its use by the President at that time on September 29, 1980. Standing on a land area of ??2.7 hectares, accommodating 10,000 worshipers helplessness made ??him one of Jambi City landmarks. The mosque is unique to the 256 pole with no walls except the west and the mihrab, decorated with ornaments calligraphy verses of the Koran, the name of Allah, Prophet Muhammad and lainnyadan features such magnificent dome in the Taj Mahal and the big drum in front of the mosque.


Riau, Senggarang Temple, Tanjung Pinang

Riau, Senggarang Temple, Tanjung Pinang

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Senggarang Temples is a temple complex including Chinese and Hinduist worshipping places. This includes a 40-armed statue and several animal deities. From there, you can walk to a stilt house village, where there is also a temple that a tree has grown into. There are boats going from Tanjung Pinang piers to Senggarang frequently, haggle for price.

Riau, Siak Castle

Riau, Siak Castle


Siak palace known as “Palace of the Sun East” and also called Asserayah Hasyimiah or was built by Sultan Sharif Hashim Abdul Jalil Syaifudin in 1889 by German architect. The architecture is a combination between the architecture of Malays, Arabs, Europeans and Siak Palace building was completed in 1893

North Sumatra, Tjong A Fie Mansion, built in 1899

North Sumatra, Tjong A Fie Mansion, built in 1899



History of The Tjong A Fie Mansion

A prominent home located in the heart of Medan City at Kesawan Square, this beautiful mansion is full of characters and cultures behind its history in Medan. Now, for limited time only, the mansion is opened to visitors for an inside look at the true history of Tjong A Fie, a historic man.

The Tjong A Fie Memorial Institure

Open to Public: 18 June 2009 – 18 August 2009

The History of Tjong A Fie

Tjong Fung Nam, born from Hakka family and more popularly known as Tjong A Fie is born on 1860 in the village of Sungkow, Moyan or Meixien.  He was raised from a simple home, with his elder brother Tjong Yong Hian.  Both have to give up schooling from a young age to help their father in his shop.  Even with limited education, Tjong A Fie quickly learned the business and trading skills and soon pursued his dreams to become independent and successful, hence leaving his village in search for a better life.

Tjong A fie

In 1880, after sailing for months, he finally arrived at the port of Deli (Medan).  At that time his brother Tjong Yong Hian had already been living in Sumatra for 5 years and had became a respected merchant in Sumatra.  However, the independent Tjong A Fie wanted to find his own living and went about finding his own work.  Tjong A Fie started to learn and develop business skills from working for Tjong Sui Fo. He developed his social skills interacting with people of all races, Chinese, Melayu, Arab, India, including Dutch.  He began by learning the language Bahasa Melayu which became the national language used in Medan Deli.

The Entertaining Hall

Tjong A Fie grew and became a well respected person in Medan Sumatra, where he stayed away from gambling, alcohol and prostitution in the developing town of Medan.  With his strong sense of leadership and fairness, he became the mediator for the Chinese. The Dutch also seek his help when their plantations have problems with labor issues.  His ability to solve these issues earned him to become the Chinese lieutenant. With his outstanding performance, he was elected to become a Captain (Kapiten).

The various rooms

Tjong A Fie was known as a respected businessman who has good social networks and has build good relation with the Sultan Deli, Makmoen Al Rasjid Perkasa Alamsjah and Tuanku Raja Moeda.  As they became good friends, Tjong A Fie became his trusted person and helped dealt with many business matters.

Tjong A Fie also became the first Chinese to own a tobacco plantation. He also developed and expanded to tea plantation in Bandar Baroe and large coconut/palm oil plantations.

Along with his elder brother Tjong Yong Hian, Tjong A Fie joint partner with Tio Tiaw Siat also known as Chang Pi Shih, his uncle as well as consulate of China in Singapore and set up a railway company known as The Chow-Chow & Swatow Railyway Co.Ltd. in China

The Bedroom

Tjong A Fie, a very active social contributor, donated much of his wealth building many facilities for the welfare of the poor regardless of race, cultural beliefs or nationality including many places of worships such as Chinese & Hindu temple, Mosques and Churches.

As a well respected person in Medan who owns many plantations, palm oil and sugar factories, banks and railway companies, he employed more than 10.000 workers. As recommended by Sultan Deli, Tjong A Fie was appointed member of gemeenteraad (city council) and cultuurraad (cultural council)

4 February 1921, Tjong A Fie passed away from apopleksia or bleeding in the brain, in his home at Jalan Kesawan, Medan.  It shook the city Medan, thousands flock to pay respect from all over including Sumatera Timur, Aceh, Padang, Penang, Malaysia, Singapore and Java. He became a legend known by many in Medan till today.

Four months before his death, Tjong A Fie wrote his will in the presence of notary Dirk Johan Facquin den Grave. Written in his will, he wanted all his wealth to be managed by Yayasan Toen Moek Tong which was established in Medan and Sungkow at the time of his death. The Yayasan based in Medan has been given 5 missions. Three of them are to provide financial help to young talented people that wished to complete their education, without no cultural or racial choice. Yayasan will also help the disabled who are no longer able to work including the blind or those with fatal illness.  Thirdly, the Yayasan will also help victims of natural disaster of any race or nationality.

For a more concise History in Bahasa Indonesia read at Tjong A Fie Indonesia

The Tjong A Fie Memorial Institure
Jl. Jend A. Yani No. 105 Medan
North Sumatera – Indonesia