North Sumatra Lake Lau Kawar Gugung Kuta Village

North Sumatra Lake Lau Kawar Gugung Kuta VillageLake-Lau-Kawar-01

This lake is located at the foot of Mount Sinabung Tanah Karo, about 50 km from the city of Medan. Compared with the broad reach of Lake Toba 1265 square kilometers, Lake Lau Kawar wide with only 200 hectares of what is that. However, Lau Kawar actually have a charm that no less beautiful than the Toba of the world already.Lake water is clear and calm, and the air is cool, is greeting the first time to reach this lake.To feel the beauty of the more time standing at the lakeside.In addition to the water is clean and quiet, rimbunan trees encircle the lake is a distinctive charm. Incessant clearing in the middle of the wild, in fact there is still a relatively sustainable forests. Lake Lau Kawar in Gugung Kuta Village, Kecamatan Simpang Empat, Karo District, North Sumatra, is one of two lakes in the Leuser Ecosystem Area (KEL), in addition to Lake Marpunge. This lake is one of the main gate of the climber to reach the summit of Mount Sinabung which has a height of 2451 meter dpl. So far, the highest mountain in North Sumatra is one of the favorites for the mountain climber. In addition, Deleng (hill) Lancuk located in the vicinity of Lake Lau Kawar can also be tracking the path for the captivating holiday that do not want to bother climbing Sinabung. And terrain around the lake can be a favorite place to stay with the tent up during the ascent to Mount Sinabung. Source:

– North Sumatra Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Golf and Tribes Map

North Sumatra

  Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Golf and Tribes Map

north sumatra, batak, sumatra utara,, mining, natural resources, plantations, nature reserves,


Sarulla geothermal project Tapanuli Utara, North Sumatra

ndonesia’s state electricity firm a new PPA for the $800 million geothermal power plant due to be built in North Sumatra province, a JV by Medco Energi, Ormat Technologies and Itochu Corp..

In news from Indonesia, the country´s “state electricity firm PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) said on Thursday it has reached a new deal to buy power from an $800 million geothermal power plant due to be built in North Sumatra province.

A price dispute has held up progress on the 330-megawatt Sarulla geothermal power plant which was awarded in a contract in 2006 to a consortium of local firm Medco Energi International , Ormat Technologies and Itochu Corp..

The consortium had asked PLN for a new deal due to higher costs of building the plant.
“PLN has offered the geothermal electricity a price of 6.79 cents per kilowatt hour and they accepted it,” PLN’s president director Dahlan Iskan told reporters.
PLN had previously agreed to pay 4.64 U.S. cents per kilowatt hour for electricity from the plant.

Indonesia is trying to tap alternative sources of energy to meet rising power demand and cut consumption of expensive crude oil as its own reserves dwindle.

The vast archipelago, with hundreds of active and extinct volcanoes, has the potential to produce an estimated 27,000 MW of electricity from geothermal sources.

However, that potential remains largely untapped because the high cost of geothermal energy makes the price of electricity generated this way expensive.”


Golf Courses
Deli Golf Club


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Address : Deli Golf Club
Jl. Samanhudi No.9
Medan, North Sumatra
Telephone 62-61- 321 996/2996
Fax (62 21)- 489 5298
Website N/A
Email N/A
Holes 18
Length 6419 m
Par 72
Green Fees
Location Located on a former tobacco plantation
Facilities N/A
Description The course features wide, open fairways, well-defended greens, and numerous water hazards.
The course has played host to the Indonesian Open several times.

Graha Helvetia Golf & Country Club

Adress : Komplek Ruko Graha Helvetia
Jl. Kapten Soemarsono No. 88 – 90, Medan
Phone: [62-61] 8453557
Fax: [62-61] 8453561

Only 15 minutes away from the center of the city, this course offers a spacious and flat landscape with palm trees providing the shades.


* Club House
* Locker
* Shower
* Pro-Shop
* Restaurant
* Coffee Shop
* Shoes for hire
* Trolley for hire
* Driving Range
* Swimming Pool
* Tennis Court

Golf Course Info Year Built: 1994

Designer: Gary Player

Total holes: 18

Total Pars: 72

Total Distance: 5421 M

Type Course: Member

Owner: PT. Mestika Mandala Perdana

Martabe Sejahtera Golf Club

This challenging 18-hole course is designed to make your game a memorable one. The combination of jungle and hills will definitely challenge you to the limit. Built in a surrounding of the Sumatra forest, Martabe is easily accessible from Medan. Buggies and trained caddies will also make your golf a more comfortable one.

Golf Course Facilities:

* Club House
* Locker
* Shower
* Pro-Shop
* Restaurant
* Coffee Shop
* Golf Club for hire
* Shoes for hire
* Trolley for hire
* Motorized for hire
* Cart for hire Massage

Golf Course Info:

* Year Built: 1998
* Designer: Gus Grantham Construction
* Total holes: 18
* Total Pars: 72
* Total Distance: 6071 M
* Type Course: Semi Public
* Owner: PT. Taipan Asri Int’l

Jl. Let.Jen Djamin Ginting Km. 22, Medan
Phone: [62-61] 778 11163
Fax: [62-61] 4571335

Source: Medan Golf Club Course | Medan Indonesia Pride


Tamora Golf Club

Golf Course Facilities:

* Club House
* Locker
* Shower
* Pro-Shop
* Restaurant
* Driving Range
* Tennis Court

Golf Course info:

* Member of: PGI; APLGI
* Year Built: 1972
* Designer: PTP Nusantara II
* Total holes: 18
* Total Pars: 72
* Total Distance: 4925 Y
* Type Course: Member
* Owner: PTP Nusantara II

d/a PTP Nusantara II, Tanjung Morawa
Phone: [62-61] 7940055 / 7940449
Fax: [62-61] 7940233

Source: Medan Golf Club Course | Medan Indonesia Pride

Logan Hill Golf Club

Golf Course Facilities:

* Club House
* Locker
* Shower
* Pro-Shop
* Coffee Shop
* Golf Club for hire
* Driving Range
* Tennis Court

Golf Course Info:

* Member of: PGI
* Year Built: 1972
* Designer: Ir. Basuki / Pertamina
* Total holes: 18
* Total Pars: 72
* Type Course: Public
* Owner: Pertamina Unit Pengolahan I

Pertamina Unit Pengolahan – 1
Pangkalan Berandan, Medan
Phone: [62-620] 20335/ Ext. 2429, 2293
Fax: [62-620] 20880

Source: Medan Golf Club Course | Medan Indonesia Pride


Tenera Golf Club

Owner: d/a PTP Nusantara IV Bahjambi
Adress: Pematang Siantar
Tel: 0622.563001
Fax: 0622.563003
9 Holes

Britama Golf Club

Owner : d/a. BRI Kantor Wilayah Medan
Adress: Jl. Putri Hijau No.2A Medan
Tel: 061.4525666  061.4258323
Fax: 061.4525601

Tenee Golf Club

Adress: Jl. Dewa Ruci No.48 Medan
Tel: 061.4532448
Fax: 061.4143884

Sinabung Golf Club

Adress: Jl. Hokky No.6 Medan
Tel: 061.4574235

Patra-I Golf Club

Owner : d/a. Pertamina Unit Pemasaran I Medan Jl. K.L.
Adress: Yos Sudarso No.8-10 Medan
Tel: 061.4554666 061.4552422
Fax: 061.4556659 061.4558142

Mandiri Golf Club

Owner :  Medan PT. Bank Mandiri
Adress: Jl. Balaikota No.8-10, Medan
Tel: 061.4511166
Fax: 061.45111777

Nusantara 3 Golf Club

Adress: Jl. Sei Batanghari No.2, Medan
Tel: 061.8453100

Bakrie Bunut Golf Club

D/A Bakrie Sumatera Plantations, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Bukit Barisan Country Club

Jl. Medan-Pancur Batu KM 17 Desa Tuntungan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

Sally Golf Course

Jl. Teuku Umar No.7 AG Sumatera Utara, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia

N-Sumatra 9 Tribes

north sumatra, sumatera utara, batak, angkola, dairi, karo, mandailing, simanlunggan, lubu, malay, minangkabau, nias,



Batak Angkola 1.013.000  islam
North central, Sipirok area. Alternate names: Anakola, Angkola. Dialects: Similar to Mandailing Batak [btm], but distinct sociolinguistically.
Batak c1.667.000 Christian
Northern, southwest of Lake Toba around Sidikalang. Alternate names: Dairi, Pakpak, Pakpak Dairi.
Batak Karo  611.000 Christian
Centsumatra, tribes, North, batak, batak karo, sukural and north, west and northwest of Lake Toba. Alternate names: Karo Batak. Dialects: Singkil.
Batak Mandailing Tribe 477.000
Thsumatra, tribes, North, batak, batak mandailing, sukue Mandailing and the Angkola are two closely related Batak people groups who live in the South Tapanuli Regency of North Sumatera Province. Although they sometimes seem to be one group, they are differentiated both regionally (since the Angkola live to the north of the Mandailing) and religiously, because the Mandailing are proud to have almost no Christians among their group while the Angkola group is 3-5% Christian. The Mandailing people consider themselves more polite than other Batak groups. Like most other Bataks, the Mandailing people group is very proud of their culture. One of the most significant characteristics of Batak culture is dalihan na tolu (3 Hearths), which is a carefully established stratified relationship system between three kinship groups.Ancestry and family names are important to the Batak peoples. The ability to trace their family ancestry has great meaning to the Mandailing people. Most of them are able to trace their ancestry back for 20 generations – some even further back. Because of this, if a Mandailing couple does not have any children, it is regarded as a disgrace by the community.
Most Mandailing people live by working the rice fields. If one were to leave home, a Mandailing would tend to find land and a house to live in as is expressed in the proverb “halului anak halului tana” (look for a child and look for land). Children and land are viewed as a part of one’s self-worth (sahala hasangapon) that contributes to receiving status and respect. If someone succeeds in settling in a different area, he is thought of very highly.The Mandailing live in a village called a huta. Traditionally, the huta keeps control of the land and only gives permission to members of the village to work the land. Members are allowed to work the land as if it were their own, but they are not allowed to sell the land without the permission of the village. This permission can be obtained through a ceremonial discussion with the village residents.
Almost all of the Mandailing have been Muslims ever since Minang Muslims forcibly introduced Islam. Many of their traditional activities have been adapted to Islam. The Batak people have three key ideas about the body and soul. First, tondi is the soul of a person. Tondi can be separated from the body for a time if a stronger and greater being, called sombaon, takes it captive. If this happens, a special ceremony is performed to return the tondi to the body of its owner. Second, sahala is the quality and amount of spiritual power that a person owns. Third, begu is the soul belonging to the dead. They live in a “reverse” world; what people do during the day, the begu do at night.
Batak Simalungan 1.344.000   Christian
North, northeast of Lake Toba. Alternate names: Simelungan, Timur.
Batak Toba 2.035.000   Christian
Samosir Island and east, south, and west of Toba Lake. Alternate names: Batta, Toba Batak. Dialects: Similar to Angkola Batak [akb].
Nias 740.000 Christian 65%
Off wesumatra, tribes, North, nias, sukust coast of Sumatra, Nias and Batu islands. Alternate names: Batu. Dialects: Northern Nias, Southern Nias, Batu. nias-02
Malay Deli Tribe 2.075.000 Islam
The Deli peop
le (Deli Melayu) of North Sumatera live in the precincts of its capital city, Medan, as well as in the regencies of Asahan, Deli Serdang, Labuhan Ratu, and Langkat. Their heaviest concentrations are in twenty-four district towns and cities which have emerged on a line running from Pangkalansusu on the northwest to Labuhanbilik on the southeast, all facing eastward across the Malacca Straits toward Malaysia. Yet as many live along the rural streams and rivers as do in urban areas.
Deli literature has been affected by the teachings of Buddhism (as seen in their statues and Nagari and Kawi script) and Hinduism (as seen in their epics Sri Rama, Perang Pandawa Jaja, and Sang Boma). They also enjoy Melayu Pantun, a traditional Melayu singing dialogue. The Deli are often hesitant to speak directly for fear of offending someone and therefore, they employ signs, parables and allegories (pantun). Other aspects of the Deli culture are traditional theater (makyong) and dance (main lukah menari). Both of these employ magic through the use of puppets (lukah) and the chanting of a mantra. Deli art has been greatly influenced by elements of Islam and has similarities with the art of the Malay of Malaysia. The Deli’s means of livelihood are traditional farming, fishing, and trade. Some have become government employees. The government and foreign companies own the tobacco, tea, rubber, palm oil, and chocolate plantations in this area. These plantations utilize modern technology.The Deli consist of two primary groups: the aristocracy and the common people. The aristocracy can be divided into two levels: the upper level, which is the ruling level made up of the king and the king’s children, and the lower level, which is made up of descendents of the high-ranking officials from the area. The common people also have a variety of groupings, including village leaders, religious leaders, intellectuals, and so on.The traditional Deli house is on a raised platform about two meters off the ground. The number of poles holding up the house shows a person’s status. In family life men and women are equal. According to the Deli, this agrees with Islam. Therefore, both men and women are able to receive part of the inheritance from their parents.
The majority of the Deli have embraced the Sufi form of Islam. It is often said that all Melayu are Muslim. For that reason, it is said in the community that whenever a person becomes a Muslim they become a Melayu. Animistic beliefs that spirits are in all places and influence mankind are also strong. Thus, their traditional ceremonies are focused upon seeking protection through magic by either appeasing or controlling both good and bad spirits
Lubu Tribe 45.000 Animism
East Sumatra, central region. Dialects: Related to Kubu [kvb].
The Lubu are a people of mixed origin who live in central Sumatra. They mainly inhabit the mountainous regions of the various provinces of southern Batakland. The Lubu were formerly migratory peoples similar to the wild Kubu. Now, however, they are slowly being absorbed by the Batak.
In the early part of this century, the Lubu still roamed the mountains in a wild state, living mainly in tree houses. They shot game with blow guns and poisoned darts and existed on the products of the jungle. Their clothing was simple, they ate all types of meat, and they cooked in hollow bamboo.
Although they have made considerable progress since that time, the Lubu are still very tribal in their basic lifestyle. Like the Kubu, they are afraid of water and seldom wash, even though they live alongside rivers. They are generally despised and mistrusted by their Batak neighbors, who suspect them of partaking in all kinds of witchcraft.
No longer living in the trees, the Lubu now live in huts built on the ground. A group of houses forms a village (bandja), and a number of villages forms a district (kuria). The chief of the bandja is called na bodjo bodjo. All the older male members of the community (the family heads) have a voice in the village government. When a chief dies, he is succeeded by his son.
In every Lubu village there are special communal houses (tawatak) for boys and others for girls. After the age of twelve, both sexes are expected to sleep in these communal houses. Marriages usually take place when the girls turn fifteen. A small bride-price is required, but most Lubu men do not have the ability to pay it. As a result, most of them must work for up to two years for their future parents-in-law during the engagement period.
The Lubu grow rice as their staple crop. However, on the whole, they do not seem very particular in their choice of food. For special delicacies, they eat mice and bats, as well as monkeys killed with blowguns.
The musical instruments and songs of the Lubu have been adopted from the Batak. The Lubu often compose songs about their culture, and these are sung around the fires at night. Interestingly, the Lubu never dance.
Although 20% of the Lubu are nominally Muslim, the great majority (80%) are ethnic religionists, still practicing many of their pagan beliefs. Hosts of both good and evil spirits are honored, especially the spirit of the first tribal chief, Singa Tandang. The Lubu attribute sickness to the work of evil spirits, particularly ghosts who are said to work either externally or internally on a person. Many traditional rituals are performed at birth and puberty. Like the Alas-Kluet, Lubu girls have their teeth filed and permanently blackened before marriage.



North Sumatra Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve

Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve, 

The Karang Gading Langkat Timur Laut Wildlife Reserve comprises an area of 16,000 ha in North Sumatra province. The reserve was established during Dutch colonial government but lost its status after independence. Most of the reserve was clear-cut and taken over by local residents, who constructed fish-ponds and rice-paddies. In 1980 an area of 16,000 ha regained the status of wildlife reserve.
Due to vigilant guarding by the PHPA, the mangrove forest has regenerated and fish-ponds and rice-paddies have been abandoned. Habitats in the reserve consist of mangrove forest, some beach forest and swamp land. The area has a particularly rich bird life.

The KGLTL Wildlife Reserve lies about 30 km from Medan in North Sumatra Province. The area can be reached by boat from Belawan, the harbour of Medan (4 hr.). To get to Belawan take a (mini)-bus from Amplas or Pinang Baris bus station in Medan.
An other and easier approach to the reserve is via one of the three PHPA guard posts at:
* Karang Gading village, which can be reached by road in about 2 hours, via Stabat and Hinaikiri.
* Secanggang, by road from Medan.
* Tanjungpura, by road from Medan.

* Medan
o Many possibilities

Balai Konservation Sumber Daya Alam I, Jalan Sisingamangaraja Km. 5,5, Medan
PHPA post, Karang Gading
PHPA post, Secanggang
PHPA post, Tanjungpura

At the time it was made a wildlife reserve, this area had been entirely clear-felled, and local residents had constructed canals and created rice-paddies and fish ponds over an area of more than 2000 ha in the Karang Gadang part of the reserve. Since then, mainly due to vigilant guarding by PHPA staff, the logged over forest has regenerated, and rice paddies and fishponds have largely been abandoned and are in the process of regeneration. 75% of the reserve is regenerated mangrove, 15% is abandoned fishponds and rice- paddies, and the rest is mostly open water (rivers and creeks). A small amount of Casuarina woodland exists. Another important type of habitat exists techincally outside of the reserve, namely coastal mudflats and sandbars, but which was surveyed because it can be considered an enclave of the reserve. Furthermore it is recommended that they be included in the reserve as they are integral to certain faunal elements in the reserve. Belawan contains one of the few surviving examples of mangrove forest on this side of the province. The site supports associated mangrove flora and fauna, and has a particularly rich bird life. The inland dry forest areas have been cleared. The remaining sandy areas have Casarina equisetifolia forest. Sea turtles occasionally visit the sandy beaches. Principal vegetation: Mangrove.
Site Location
About 30 km from Medan in Northern Sumatra Province. Though it may be entered by boat, which involves a four hour trip from the port town of Belawan (a 20 minute drive from Medan), the best way to enter the reserve is via one of the three PHPA guard posts, that are all on the landward side. Closest to Medan is the one at Karang Gading village, which can be reached by road from the provincial capital in about 2 hours, via Stabat and Hinaikiri. Only the last 500m are unpaved and require a 4WD vehicle. The other 2 posts are located near Secanggang and Tanjungpura, respectively and may be reached via these 2 towns. The 1:250 scale 1986 BAKOSURTANAL map (no 0619) is very inaccurate. Source: Giesen, W (1991) Survey Report No 10. The Belawan site lies on the north east coast of Sumatra in the Medan Province. It’s southern boundary is north of the Belawan settlement, approximately 25 km North of Medan, and the site runs along the coast including Tanjung Beting Camar, Tanjung Nipah larangan and Ka Jaringalusbesar.
* Brownlowia tersa
* Casuarina equisetifolia
* Sonneratia ovata

* Malayan pangolin – Manis javanica
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Silvered leaf monkey – Trachypithecus cristatus
* Greater slow loris – Nycticebus coucang
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Aonyx cinerea
* Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus

* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Black-winged Kite – Elanus caeruleus
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus

* River Terrapin – Batagur baska
* Black Marsh Turtle – Siebenrockiella crassicollis
* Equatorial Spitting Cobra – Naja sumatrana
* Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus

North Sumatra Liang Balik Nature Reserve

North Sumatra

Liang Balik Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 99.88796200
Latitude (DD) 2.15665957
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1936
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1

North Sumatra Barumun Wildlife Reserve

 North Sumatra

Barumun Wildlife Reserve

Longitude (DD) 99.53936359
Latitude (DD) 1.12531595
Designation Wildlife Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1989
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 40.330
GIS Total Area (ha) 48.650


North Sumatra Batang Gadis National Park

 North Sumatra

Batang Gadis National Park



May 2004
Indonesia’s Ministry of Forestry signed a ministerial decree in early May declaring Batang Gadis a national park—a move expected to be officially announced by President Megawati Sukarnoputri in the park on the island of Sumatra later this month.
The decree is the first since the Indonesian government’s public pledge in February to create 12 new protected areas in 2004, including Batang Gadis National Park in Northern Sumatra and Tesso Nilo in Sumatra’s Riau Province.
“This is the first time a locally designated protected area has been granted national park status in Indonesia,” says Jatna Supriatna, vice president for Conservation International-Indonesia (CI-Indonesia).
Earlier this year, local officials declared the 108,000-hectare swath of forest as a protected area under a new scheme allowing local bupati or district heads to designate land for protection. Their action helped prompt the governmental commitment to create new national protected areas.
The designation of Batang Gadis as a park at the national level is expected to help bring greater governmental and donor resources, including funding, to help secure this area.
It follows a recent exploratory mission led by CI-Indonesia that found signs of the Sumatran tiger and other threatened wild cats in the newly declared protected area.
Signs of Sumatran tiger, Asiatic golden cat, leopard cat and clouded leopard were seen during the mission organized and led by CI’s Northern Sumatra team. The Sumatran tiger and the Asiatic golden cat were even captured on film by camera traps that the team set.
Preliminary results from the survey also show some 239 different vascular plant species within the new park, making it among the planet’s most diverse floristically.
Other findings include the presence of Malayan tapir, siamang, agile gibbon, banded leaf monkey, Malayan porcupine, sun bear and Sumatran serow. The park has historically been home to a number of threatened species including Sumatran orangutan, Sumatran rhinoceros and Sumatran elephant.
The protection of Batang Gadis as a national park is key to efforts to create the Northern Sumatra biodiversity conservation corridor. The park would be an integral part of a 400,000-hectare area in the Angkola portion of the corridor, which could be connected, via a series of protected areas and forests, all the way to Gunung Leuser National Park in the far north of the island. The entire corridor would encompass some 3 million hectares.

Batang Gadis National Park, is situated in Mandailing Natal Regency (, North Sumatra. This regency is located between 0° 10′ and 1° 50′ north latitude and 98° 50′ and 100° 10′ east longitude and its contours are from 0 to 2.146 meters above sea level with area 662.070 hectares or about 9,23% of the whole of the North Sumatra Province. The regency consists of 322 villages and 7 wards as part of the 17 districts with population 380.546 in 2003. Its climate is a tropical rain with humidity approaximately 83%, and its rain fall average 2.728,5 millimeters per year, with average temperature 28,8 Celcius. This regency has 170 kilometers coast faces the Indian Ocean.

The Bukit Barisan mountain range becomes the sources of 7 big rivers flowing to the Indian Ocean, i.e. Batang Gadis 137, 5 kilometers, Siulangaling 46,8 kilometers, Parlampungan 38,72 kilometers, Batang Natal, Tabuyung 33,46 kilometers, Batahan 27,91 kilometers, Kunkun 27,26 kilometers and many small rivers which mixed with the big rivers in total about 271,15 kilometers long. The rivers irrigate very wide paddy fields scattered in all areas of the fertile regency. This area is welknown since mid XIX century for its famous Mandailing Coffee.

The whole area of the Batang Gadis National Park covers 108.000 hectares, is located between 00°30’00” north latitude and 99°13’00” east longitude and 01°02’00” north latitude and 99°50’00” east longitude with its contours between 300 to 2.146 meters above sea level. The higest peak of the area is the peak of the active volcano Sorik Marapi, 2.146 meters in the center of the Mandailing valley.

According to the latest research reports made by the Indonesian Institute of Sciences in cooperation with the Washington based Conservation International, Ministry of Forestry and Mandailing Natal Local Government, the Batang Gadis National Park is believed to be the richest in flora and fauna in the world. Its rain forest offers habitat for 218 kinds of birds, small and big mammalians, reptiles and amphibia. This area is considered as one of the hot spot critical ecosystem in the world, contains some of very important highly biodiversity area. Some of important flora and fauna can be found such as, Tapir, Honey bear, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran tiger, Orang Utan, Hornbill, Rhinocerous, Leopard, Golden cat, Thomas leaf monkey, diverse snakes, certain kinds of frogs, fish and more than 20 species of birds.
The National Park area has more than 100 medicinal herbs, germs, and other possible new species to be discovered in the future for scientific record. The Batang Gadis National Park is also home for 222 kinds of flora in low land and 225 kinds in the mountain forests. The camera trap also catched some species like Arctictis binturong, Hystric brachyuran, Ophioiphagus hannah, and Megaphrys nasuta.

The majority of forest areas are consist of prestine forest that produce important ecological services such as for water supply, irrigation scheme, oxygen production and agriculture for local communities in Mandailing Natal. There are also many sulfur hot springs good for skin health. The beauty scenery of the area is also an important asset for inviting visitors to come for ecotourism activities. There are also beautiful sceneries from the Sorik Marapi wide volcano caldera. There are some natural caves and some caves built by the Japanese during the World War II.

One of the uniqueness of the Batang Gadis National Park is the location of Panyabungan, the capital city of the Mandailing Natal Regency, in the center of the national park on the Trans Sumtra Highways. This city is about 400 kilometers southern of Medan, the capital city of the North Sumatra Province.

It is believed that the Batang Gadis National Park is the only National Park that was founded based on the declaration by the local people supported by the Local and National Governments. The local people fight for the conservation of the natural resources and its biodiversity to avoid the illegal logging and other natural damaging activities by local and foreign investors in the area.

The Batang Gadis National Park was installed by the National Government Act number SK.216/Menhut-II/2004 issued by the Minister of Forestry on April 29, 2004.

(Contributor: Basyral Hamidy Harahap, author of Rakyat Mendaulat Taman Nasional Batang Gadis [People Declare Batang Gadis National Park], published by the Local Government of Mandailing Natal, North Sumatra, 2005, xvi, 220 pp. E-mail: ; Web Site:

Proposed National Park Threatened by Australian Mine

PT Sorikmas Mining Owned by Aberfoyle Australia Threatens to Mine Batang Gadis Protected Forest

Jakarta – Mining companies’ ambitions to exploit mineral deposits in Indonesian protected forest and conservation areas are relentless. This time the protected forest area under threat of mineral exploitation by a foreign investor is Batang Gadis protected forest located in Mandailing Natal Regency, North Sumatera Province. The forest area covers 108,000 hectares and was proposed by the local government to become a national park. But today the gold mining interests of PT Sorikmas Mining (owned by Aberfoyle Australia) is threatening this important ecoystem.

“For the sake of securing the livelihoods of the people of Mandailing Natal and the sustainability of natural resources and the ecosystem, POKJATAMSU firmly demands that the Head of the Indonesian Parliament (DPR RI), all fractions in the DPR RI, the Heads of Commission III and VIII of the DPR RI, and the local parliament of Mandailing Natal make a heartfelt decision and provide political support to the people and local government of Mandailing Natal now facing the threat of PT Sorikmas Mining exploiting their protected forests,” stated Natanael Ginting of JATAM North Sumatera.

Around 60% of the 201,700 hectare concession area granted to PT. Sorikmas Mining is located in protected forests. Meanwhile, 66,200 hectares of that area overlaps with areas being proposed for national park status. Based on preliminary studies conducted by Conservation International Indonesia, the Indonesian Science Institute (LIPI), and the Planning Division of the Forestry Department (Baplan Dephut), 248 plant species’ are found in this protected forest specifically in Sopotinjak, Aek Nangali and surrounding highlands thus making it one of the world’s most biologically diverse areas. This biodiversity rate is higher than that found in the Tesso-Nelo area in the nearby Riau Province, which is also recognized for enormous biodiversity and home to 218 species. The Batang Gadis protected forest area is home to the 2-metre long Sumatran tiger, rare birds, bears, the Javan deer, wild goats and many more species.

JATAM National Coordinator Siti Maimunah stated that both the Indonesian government and Parliament should address the concerns and aspirations of the local government and people of Mandailing Natal who refuse the conversion of Batang Gadis protected forest into a mining area for PT. Sorikmas Mining. Especially when, up until now, the provision of the contract of work and licensing to PT. Sorikmas Mining has not been done transparently and has not followed the proper procedures.

“The Mandailing Natal community must be given the freedom to determine their own future and not be forced fed unjust policies made by the central government. The creation of the Batang Gadis National Park is of the most importance for the survival of the Mandailing Natal community. Large-scale mining operations by foreign investors with their development promises instead leave abundant social and environmental problems as seen too often in other mining operations in the country,” added Siti Maimunah.

JATAM fully supports the efforts taken by the Mandailing Natal community and the local government to defend the Batang Gadis protected forest from mineral exploitation. JATAM also urges PT. Sorikmas Mining to respect the community’s decision and to stop efforts to convert the protected area into a mining area.

Media contact:
Siti Maimunah, JATAM National Coordinator
Tel: 021-794-1559

The Damage of Batang Gadis National Park (6): The First Sign of Forest Destruction.

Jakarta, Sihayo II about half an hour from Torpulo sub village of Tanggal Bosi II village in Siabu sub district. From the bank of the Batang Gadis River, the journey to Torpulo may take three hours through hills. There are only two ways to get to the place by helicopter as hike.

The camp is in an area of one hectare. The matching from the GPS shows that its location is in the holding zone of Batang Gadis National Park. There are six wooden buildings which were formerly functioned as office, research room of rocks from the result of survey, warehouse, bathrooms and two barracks. Practically, there is no exploration activity in this location. The operational is a little bit halt for the exploration process has finished.

There are former drilling holes in the location of the second camp. Every hole has a diameter of 50 centimeter with the depth of 100 until 150 meters. It was an easy-marked area. If there is a hundred square meters of an open area or bush in the jungle and the mark of chainsaw on the trees so there will be a farmer drilling hole covered by cement with metal stuck onto it which has a serial number on it. Most of the areas are not replanted by vegetation like it is supposed to be.

The second camp takes an hour walk from the first camp. The focus now is in the first camp. Both of the camp is part of the Sihayo and Sambung prospect one of those gold prospects that has been explorated. The other areas are Tambang Hitam prospect, Tambang Tinggi prospect and Tarutung prospect.

In Tarutung prospect, PT. SMM is pushed to halt their exploration because the community of Pahatajang village in Ulu Pungkut sub district for bid their activity. The people are afraid such environmental issue happened in Teluk Buyat, North Sulawesi as an impact of the operation of PT. Newmont Minahasa Raya spring sucking.

The first camp which is close to the Batang Gadis National Park site has an active activity. Around 30 workers involved. Most of them are daily laborers from Banua Rakyat village of Bukit Malintang sub district which is the closes to the mining site. The experts mostly come from outside of North Sumatra. A helipad can be seen here as a helicopter is the vehicle to carry goods and equipment from the logistic centre from PT. SMM’s guest house in Kotanopan sub district.

The locations of the mine drilling are varied in distance, about fifty meters. A hole takes 4 to 5 days drilling depends on the level of difficulty. For the using of 43-70 millimeters eye driller need a huge amount of water.

The water is taken from the creeks around the drilling area. The spring is the head waters of several rivers such as Aek Gajah, Aek Lobu and Aek Garut. They are used as the source of drinking water and irrigation for several villages like Banua Rakyat, Tambiski, Humbang I, Tarutung Panjang in Bukit Malintang sub district as well as Hutang Godang Muda and Tanjung Sialang in Siabu sub district.

The use of a great mount of water in the river course has the impact. On the water debit, according to the village headmen of Tanjung Sialang, Laguddin Nasution, 50, it has been a significant of reducing of water debit in the past two years. Most of the peasant can only grow rice once a year. They can previously grow it until two or three times a year. A similar statement said by the Tarutung Panjang Headman, Pian Sianipar, 63. The villagers who depend their lives on the Aek Gajah River have now been in difficult situation because of the less of water debit.

Such accusation that the explorations by PT. Sorik Mas Mining (SMM) have reduced the water debit is denied by Zainul Arifin, senior geologist of PT. SMM says “we have only used maximum 200 liters of water in a hole. We don’t even use water sometime. It is impossible to reduce the water debit.”

However according to Hardi Munthe, coordinator of the work group of North Sumatran mining advocacy (Pokjatamsu), the co-relation is clear, it is nothing composed with the exploitation in advance which will be for more than 15 years. This company will apply an open mining because it is cheaper than a close one. If that so, the destruction will be greater. The conservation will have an irreversible damage. The water source will be less.

“Open mining uses explosion to break up the soil and solid rock until the depth of 200 meters. It will damage trees and springs. Then to separate the rocks that contain gold and non-gold mercury and cyanide must be used, a dangerous substance for health” Hardi says.

According to Hardis’ estimation, on each ton of the digging material process can only produce one percent of gold. The rest is mud mixed with poisonous substance which flows to the rivers. It is beyond imagination to the jungle, rivers and sea in Mandailing Natal regency will be if the corporation undertakes its exploitation. All of the jungle including the one which is the concession of PT. SMM will certainly damage.

About the mining system applied by PT. SMM, Zainul said that there is no certainty because they have to wait for the exploration process. Meanwhile they don’t know yet when the process will be finished for the reason that the main rock has not been fond yet. However to achieve the level of exploitation there are certain rules to be followed including the analysis of environmental impact (AMDAL).

“We wish that there is no phobia to mining company. The paranoid is unreasonable. Not all of the prospect explorated will be exploited in advance because of the deposit is not profitable,” Zainul said.

Source:, Feb 27, 2006.


North Sumatra Batu Gajah Nature Reserve

 North Sumatra

Batu Gajah Nature Reserve


Longitude (DD) 98.95124908
Latitude (DD) 2.98456241
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1924
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1

ature Reserve “Batu Gajah” is one of tourist objects that is recommended by to be visited. This place has a lot of history left by the Dutch colonial government during the colonial period in Indonesia, especially in Simalungun areas. Supposedly this place was made by the Dutch government at that time as the base defense.

The place was once a place of worship for Hindu devotees who came from India.  At that location there are some unique carvings made of natural stones that resemble animals like Elephants, Turtles, Horses, Frogs, Snakes, and there are also carvings of ships. Also mentioned that the place was sacred ground and prohibition (haunted) by the Kings Simalungun and in the time of Dutch colonial government, the place designated as a restricted area or Natuurmonument in 1924 with the issuance of certified mail Zelfbestuur Besluit 1924 No. 24 , dated 16 of  April 1924.

In the certificate explained that the area with area 0.80 ha determined to be the center of the Nature Reserve. Currently, Batu Gajah is located in working area of the Conservation Area Section II Rantau Prapat, Sumatera Utara KSDA Hall II.

“Batu Gajah” is a perfect site for who wants to research about the history of how exactly the manufacture of stone carving at this location. It is flanked by two streams, Bah Kisat and Bah Sepinggan which were suspected as storage areas of historic objects that have historical value of religious seen from structured-stones shaped like animals: Batu Gajah (stone that resembles an elephant) as much as 2 pieces, Batu Katak (stone that resembles a frog) as much as 1 piece, Batu Ulok (Ulok derived from Tapanuli area which means snake) as much as 1 piece, Stone mortar as much as 1 piece and 1 piece of the Rock.

For visitors who come to this place are advised to be more careful when walking down the path, because the road to the top is very narrow, steep, rugged and the rocks are slippery and fragile, especially during the rainy season. To avoid the rainy season advises to visit this place starting in March to October.

Batu Gajah is located in Dolokpanribuan – Tiga Dolok, precisely located in Dusun Pematang Desa Negeri Dolok, Subdistrict Dolok Panribuan, Simalungun District of North Sumatra Province. Batu Gajah is one of nature reserves in Simalungun regency, North Sumatra – Indonesia.

To reach the location of Nature Reserve Batu Gajah can be reached by following route:
1.    Medan – Tebing Tinggi – Pematang Siantar – Dolok Panribuan (Tiga Dolok), this route is reached by a distance of 153 km with travel time for approximately 3 to 4 hours.
2.    Medan – Berastagi – Kabanjahe – Merek – Tiga Runggu – Parapat – Dolok Panribuan (Tiga Dolok), this route is reached by a distance of 202 km with travel time for approximately 4 to 5 hours.

Cost/ Ticket
No requires expensive funds to visit this site, besides the fee of transportation towards this nature reserve, of course. Approximately Rp. 50,000, – it’s enough to pay a guide service or a caretaker that is suggested by the local community.

Accommodations and Facilities
Visitors would not find any other formal facilities at this place. There is only a nameplate made by local governments. Visitors should ask local people who could give an explanation about the place. (rewritten by: Maria S/Gobatak)


North Sumatra Batu Ginurit Nature Reserve

 North Sumatra

Batu Ginurit Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 100.14816003
Latitude (DD) 2.02892599
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1934
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1


North Sumatra Grand Forest Park Bukit Barisan

 North Sumatra

Grand Forest Park Bukit Barisan

The Bukit Barisan Forest Park lies 59 km from Medan in the district of the Karo Batak. The park (50,000 ha), formerly named Tahura Bukit Barisan was renovated in 1989 and renamed Grand Forest Park Bukit Barisan. An other often heared name is Arboretum Tongkoh Berastagi.
As the name implies, the park is a forest protection area. A zoological museum, a little zoo and a summer-house with Karo Batak ornaments are also part of the park.
You’ll enter the park through the little village of Tongkoh, 7 km from Brastagi.
* Brastagi.
o Many possibilities
Latitude : 5 9 0 S Logitude : 104 0 0 E
Altitude : 0 to 1964 metres
Area : 356800 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Legislation : SK Mentan No 736/Mentan/X/1982, 14-10-1982.
Tenure : Government of Indonesia
Site Description
This is the second largest reserve in Sumatra and includes swamp grassland, Nypa forest, freshwater swamp forest, hill diptocarp forest and montane elements. Over 70% of the reserve, which sits on rich volcanic strata, is classified as lowland forest. Along the coastline, the park supports myriad coastal habitats, including sandy, rocky, coral and muddy substrate. In the north, the park contains areas with slopes of 20-80 degrees; in the south, the land becomes flatter with a few fairly high hills and swamps in areas close to the beach. The area includes a complete coverage of Southern Sumatran fauna. Both timber companies and illegal settlements currently threaten the park. Roads cut the area into many small fragments. Principal vegetation: Mangrove forest, freshwater swamp and peatswamp, swampy grasslands. The lowland forests are characterized by typical Dipterocarp genera such as Shorea, Dipterocarpus, Arctocarpus, Hopea, Agathis and Durio.
Site Location
The park lies in the wettest part of Sumatra, running down the southern end of the Barisan moutain range.
List of Birds (162 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Abroscopus superciliaris
Actenoides concretus
Aegithina viridissima
Aethopyga siparaja
Alcedo euryzona Vulnerable
Alcedo meninting
Alophoixus bres
Alophoixus phaeocephalus
Anorrhinus galeritus
Anthreptes malacensis
Anthreptes rhodolaema
Anthreptes simplex
Anthreptes singalensis
Aplonis panayensis
Arachnothera affinis
Arachnothera chrysogenys
Arachnothera crassirostris
Arachnothera flavigaster
Arachnothera longirostra
Argusianus argus App II
Batrachostomus cornutus
Blythipicus rubiginosus
Bubo sumatranus App II
Buceros bicornis App I
Buceros rhinoceros App II
Buceros vigil Insufficiently Know App I
Cacomantis merulinus
Calyptomena viridis
Celeus brachyurus
Centropus sinensis
Ceyx erithacus
Ceyx rufidorsus
Chalcophaps indica
Chloropsis cochinchinensis
Chloropsis cyanopogon
Chloropsis sonnerati
Ciconia stormi Endengered
Copsychus malabaricus
Copsychus saularis
Coracina fimbriata
Corydon sumatranus
Criniger finschii
Cyanoptila cyanomelana
Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchus
Cyornis concretus
Cyornis rufigastra
Cyornis unicolor
Cypsiurus balasiensis
Delichon dasypus
Dicaeum agile
Dicaeum concolor
Dicaeum trigonostigma
Dicrurus aeneus
Dicrurus paradiseus
Dicrurus sumatranus Lower Risk
Dinopium rafflesii
Dryocopus javensis
Ducula aenea
Ducula bicolor
Enicurus leschenaulti
Eumyias thalassina
Eupetes macrocerus
Eurylaimus javanicus
Eurylaimus ochromalus
Ficedula dumetoria
Ficedula mugimaki
Gracula religiosa
Halcyon smyrnensis
Harpactes duvaucelii
Hemicircus concretus
Hemiprocne comata
Hemipus hirundinaceus
Hieraaetus kienerii App II
Hypogramma hypogrammicum
Hypothymis azurea
Hypsipetes flavala
Ictinaetus malayensis App II
Irena puella
Lacedo pulchella
Lalage nigra
Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable

Meiglyptes tristis
Meiglyptes tukki
Merops leschenaulti
Merops viridis
Microhierax fringillarius App II
Muscicapa dauurica
Myophonus glaucinus
Nectarinia sperata
Oriolus cruentus
Oriolus xanthonotus
Orthotomus ruficeps
Orthotomus sericeus
Pelargopsis capensis
Pellorneum capistratum
Pericrocotus flammeus
Pericrocotus igneus
Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
Philentoma pyrhopterum
Picoides moluccensis
Picus mentalis
Picus miniaceus
Picus puniceus
Pitta caerulea Lower Risk
Pitta guajana App II
Pitta sordida
Pitta venusta
Platylophus galericulatus
Platysmurus leucopterus Lower Risk
Prinia familiaris
Prionochilus percussus
Psarisomus dalhousiae
Psittacula longicauda App II
Ptilinopus jambu
Pycnonotus atriceps
Pycnonotus brunneus
Pycnonotus cyaniventris
Pycnonotus eutilotus
Pycnonotus goiavier
Pycnonotus melanicterus
Pycnonotus melanoleucos
Pycnonotus simplex
Rallina fasciata
Reinwardtipicus validus
Rhamphococcyx curvirostris
Rhaphidura leucopygialis
Rhinomyias olivacea
Rhinortha chlorophaea
Rhopodytes sumatranus
Rhopodytes tristis
Sitta frontalis
Spilornis cheela App II
Spizaetus alboniger App II
Spizaetus nanus Vulnerable App II
Stachyris erythroptera
Stachyris maculata
Sterna albifrons
Tephrodornis gularis
Terpsiphone paradisi
Treron capellei Lower Risk
Treron curvirostra
Treron olax
Treron vernans
Trichastoma bicolor Lower Risk
Trichastoma rostratum Lower Risk
Tricolestes criniger
Zanclostomus javanicus
Locustella lanceolata
Lonchura leucogastroides
Loriculus galgulus App II
Machaeramphus alcinus App II
Macronous gularis
Macropygia ruficeps
Malacocincla abbotti
Malacocincla malaccensis
Malacopteron affine
Malacopteron cinereum
Malacopteron magnirostre
Malacopteron magnum
Megalaima henricii
Megalaima mystacophanos
Megalaima rafflesii Lower Risk
List of Mammals (26 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Bubalus bubalis
Callosciurus notatus
Capricornis sumatraensis Vulnerable App I
Cervus unicolor
Cuon alpinus Vulnerable App II
Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Critically Endengered App I
Elephas maximus Endengered App I
Helarctos malayanus Deficient Data App I
Hylobates agilis Lower Risk App I
Hystrix brachyura Vulnerable
Lutra sumatrana Vulnerable App II
Macaca fascicularis Lower Risk App II
Macaca nemestrina Vulnerable App II
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Muntiacus muntjak
Neofelis nebulosa Vulnerable App I
Panthera tigris Endengered App I
Presbytis melalophos App II
Pteropus vampyrus App II
Ratufa bicolor App II
Sus scrofa
Symphalangus syndactylus Lower Risk App I

Tapirus indicus Vulnerable App I
Tarsius bancanus Lower Risk App II
Trachypithecus cristatus Lower Risk App II
Tragulus javanicus
List of Reptiles (4 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Chelonia mydas Endengered App I
Dermochelys coriacea Critically Endengered App I
Python reticulatus App II
Varanus salvator App II

List of Vegetations (6 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Agathis sp.
Artocarpus sp.
Dipterocarpus sp.
Durio sp.
Hopea sp.
Shorea sp.


Orang Pendek

Orang Pendek (Indonesian for “short person”) is the most common name given to a cryptid, or unconfirmed animal, that reportedly inhabits remote, mountainous forests on the island of Sumatra.

The animal has allegedly been seen and documented for at least one hundred years by forest tribes, local villagers, Dutch colonists, and Western scientists and travelers. Consensus among ....  read more

North Sumatra Danau Toba Nature Reserve

 North Sumatra

Danau Toba Nature Reserve

Latitude : 2 36 3 N Logitude : 98 44 38 E
Altitude : 0 to 850 metres
Area : 112970 ha Wetlands: 112970 ha
Tenure : Government of Indonesia (?)
Site Description
This caldera lake is the largest and deepest (up to 450 m) lake in S.E. Asia. The surrounding steep peaks and slopes (up to 2150 m) are presumably of volcanic origin. A large island is situated in the centre of the lake. There is no riverine input; water supply is by rainfall. An outlet river flows north-east to Tanjung Balige. Area is approximately 112,970 hectares according to Giesen (pers comm 1992).
Site Location
Lake Danau is 174 km south of Medan in central North Sumatra. Main and provincial roadway surrounds the lake, and the island, Pulau Samosir, is accessible by vehicle from the western side of the mainland. Provincial roadway also runs the perimeter of the island.
List of Birds (4 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Charadrius dubius
Haliaeetus leucogaster App II
Haliastur indus App II
Pluvialis fulva

List of Fish (15 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Aplocheilus panchax
Barbodes gonionotus
Channa gachua
Channa striata
Clarias batrachus
Clarias nieuhofi
Cyprinus carpio
Lebistes reticulatus
Nemacheilus fasciatus
Oreochromis mossambicus
Osphronemus goramy
Osteochilus hasseltii
Puntius binotatus
Rasbora jacobsoni
Trichogaster trichopterus

List of Vegetations (15 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Eichhornia crassipes
Eupatorium odoratum
Ipomoea aquatica
Ludwigia adscendens
Mimosa pigra
Myriophyllum spicatum
Nelumbo nucifera
Nymphaea pubescens
Panicum repens
Phragmites karka
Polygonum barbatum
Polygonum pulchrum
Potamogeton malaianum
Scirpus grossus
Stachytarpheta indica