– Jambi Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Tribes Map

 Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Tribes Map

jambi, sumatra , mining, natural resources, plantations, nature reserves, tribes,

Golf Courses

Manggris Golf Club

Jl. Pramuka No.1 Bajubang, Jambi, Indonesia

Jambi 5 Tribes

Jambi,  Tribes, kubu, kerinci, malay, minangkabau, batin,

Batin Tribe 76.000 Islam
The Batin people inhabit a portion of the interior of the Jambi province. Their rumah panggung (stilt-house), rural communities and small district towns of Bangko, Tabir, Jangkat, Sungai Manau, Muara Bungo, and Rantau Pandan are located in the Sarolangun Bangko and Bungo Tebo regencies. This area borders one of the most treacherous sections of the rugged Bukit Barisan (Marching Hills) mountain range. Temperatures are cool in the western hills, but in the valleys to the east,they are humid and hot. Three rivers provide inter-village concourse: Batang Merangin, Batang Bungo, and Batang Masumai. Besides the Batin, this area is inhabited by the the Kubu, Jambi, and Kerinci. According to their folklore, the ancestors of the Batin were Kerinci people that moved from the foot of Mount Kerinci. The Batin language is a branch of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster, and it is very similar to the Jambi language.
The Batin like to move from place to place, and they value community cooperation (gotong royong). This cooperative attitude is often seen in relationships between two villages, as typically the relationship between the village heads is very good. The main sources of livelihood for the Batin include farming, plantation work, gathering forest products, panning for gold, and fishing. Their fields are called umo talang, and they plant rice, rubber, coffee, and other crops.The Batin culture is apparently a blend of elements from the Minangkabau and Jambi cultures. Like the Minangkabau, the kinship system of the Batin is from the mother’s side (matrilineal). But the men still have a role as the head of the household. In addition to the public school system, there are also special Islamic religious schools (madrasah). Each extended family (piak) is lead by an elder (ninik mamak). The various ninik mamak in a village (dusun) pick a leader who is titled Rio. In each family the preparation for building a new house begins at the birth of a girl. This house is usually built as a 9×12 meter structure complete with storage for the harvest and a place for family heirlooms. Houses are often adorned with carvings of plants and animals. Traditional houses like this are usually referred to by the term Kajang Lako.
Almost all of the Batin embrace Islam. Even though that is true, there is still belief in traditional animism, magical powers, and idols. The area of Negeri Serampas, for example, is known for having residents who possess magical powers. Here are found the sacred graves of two legendary figures named Si Mata Empat (Four Eyes) and Si Pahit Lidah (Bitter Tongue). It is believed these two legendary women passed on their magical or supernatural character to the Batin people.
Kerinci Tribe 383.000 Islam
Originally from the eastern coast of Sumatera, the Kerinci fled from local Muslim Sultanates in an ancient war and moved into their existing homeland high in the Bukit Barisan Mountains near Mount Kerinci in West Sumatera and Lake Kerinci in Jambi. Although the highlands present challenges for living, intensive agriculture coupled with fishing has been sufficient to sustain sizeable indigenous populations. The Kerinci have been able to resist assimilation with the stronger lowland peoples. They have managed to not only survive but to grow enriched by what they have borrowed from the coastal cultures, but in each case absorbing and reshaping according to their indigenous ethos without losing their own ethnic identity. Today, their isolation is being broken by government-sponsored mass relocations of Jawa, Sunda, and Bali people for plantation projects on their rich soil. In addition, a world-class national park is being developed by the World Wildlife Fund to preserve the rain forest, flora, and fauna. This will draw even more outsiders into this remote area.
Most of the Kerinci are farmers. Other than their main crop of rice (grown in both irrigated and unirrigated fields), they also grow potatoes, vegetables, and tobacco. Those who live around the base of the mountains are nomadic farmers. These nomadic farmers grow coffee, cinnamon, and cloves. The primary crops harvested from the jungle are resin and rattan. Most of the people living near Lake Kerinci and some other small lakes are fishermen. Their village homes are built very close together. A village is called a dusun and is inhabited by one clan that has descended from one common female ancestor. In a dusun there are always several long-houses, which are built side by side along the road. The nuclear family is called a tumbi. Once a man marries, he moves out of his family’s home and moves in with his new wife’s family. Normally, if a daughter is married, she is given a new small house attached to the house of her parents. In turn, her daughters will be given houses attached to her house. A mother’s clan is called the kelbu. This kelbu is considered the most important family unit among the Kerinci people. Even though the Kerinci people are matrilineal, the nuclear family is led by the husband, not the wife’s brother (as is common to other matrilineal groups, including the Minang). The mother’s brother avoids involvement in clan issues and only gets involved in problems with his sister’s immediate family. Inheritance is given to the daughters in the family.
Islam is the majority religion of the Kerinci, but they still hold to animism, especially as it is exhibited by their use of traditional healers and magic to bless their crops. Moreover, in their everyday life they often refer to tataman (meeting ghosts), tatampo (being hit by ghosts), and tapijek anaok antau (being stepped on by ghosts).
Kubu Tribe 13.000 Animism

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Spread across Jambi, Riau and south Sumatra, eastern swamp region. Alternate names: Anak Dalam, Orang Rimba, Orang Hutan. Dialects: Lalang, Bajat, Ulu Lako, Tungkal, Tungkal Ilir, Dawas, Supat, Jambi, Ridan, Nomadic Kubu. Related to Lubu [lcf].
T
he Kubu live on the Indonesian island of Sumatra. They are believed to be the descendants of a pygmy race of wandering Negrito people. The first Kubu settlement was located on the Lalan River. Today, they live primarily in the Jambi province.
Legend says that the coast of Sumatra was regularly visited by pirates and their families. It once happened that one of the pirates committed incest with his sister, causing her to become pregnant. Condemned by the pirates, the pair were abandoned in the coastal brush of Sumatra. The Kubu are the descendants of this couple.
The name “Kubu” comes from the word Ngumbu which means “elusive.” This belittling name was given to them to suggest that they are a primitive people because they eat unclean foods, do not live in houses, and do not like to bathe. The Kubu, however, prefer to call themselves the Orang Darat, which means “land dweller” or “river dweller.”
The Kubu are forest dwellers found primarily in swampy areas near various rivers. Most are involved in the farming of yams, maize, rice, and sugar cane. Since the Kubu are not hard workers, their fields are poorly kept. Jungle produce and small game provide much of the food. Their basic diet consists of wild pigs, fish, monkeys, bananas, and yams.
The Kubu are found most frequently in settled villages called sirups. Their houses are built on platforms without any walls, and are made with bamboo and leaves. Usually three to five houses form a village. An older person serves as chief, but has no real authority.
Every Kubu has a name; but this name is only known by members of the same sirup. People of other villages are simply referred to as “people of this or that little river.” The villagers of one settlement rarely come into contact with those of another, since there are no feasts, “coming of age” ceremonies, or other community gatherings.
The little contact they do have with their Malay neighbors has traditionally been through silent trade. The Kubu would take their goods to a place where Malay traders could look at them. The traders would then place the goods that they were willing to exchange nearby, then withdraw to a safe distance. If the deal was satisfactory, the Kubu would take what was offered and vanish back into the brush.
Along with the tradition and simplicity of their material culture, the Kubu are also lacking in social and religious development. Musical instruments of any kind and dancing are unknown to them.
Although the Kuba are considered to be Muslim, they still practice various animistic rituals, such as curing ceremonies. (Animism is the belief that inanimate objects have spirits.) Their witchdoctors, called shamans, make offerings to the spirits for them.
Melayu Jambi Tribe 976.000
Jambi Province. Alternate names: Djambi, Batin. Dialects: Downstream Jambi Malay, Upstream Jambi Malay.
The Jambi people (also known as the Melayu Jambi – i.e. Jambi Malay) primarily live in four of the six districts that comprise the Jambi Province of central Sumatera. These districts are Tanjungjabung, Batanghari, Bungo-Tebo, and the capital city of Jambi. The Jambi language is a branch of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster. Their culture is greatly influenced by the Minangkabau culture.Most of the area the Jambi inhabit is a lowland basin of dense jungles, peat bogs, swamps, and rivers–all drained by the mighty Batang Hari River (655 km. long) and its tributaries. The rivers are important to them not only as a means of transportation but as a source of fish. They are adept swimmers and fishermen. They use eight types of traditional fishing tackle, as well as the modern pukat (fishnet). They are great eaters of ikan (fish) and complain that a meal is incomplete without its distinctive flavor.
Most of the Jambi make their living by fishing. For catching fish they use different types of traps ranging from the traditional to the modern. Some of the types of fish they catch are: ringau, kelemak, toman, pati, baung, juaro, bujuk, seluang, gabus, betok, and serapil. In addition to fishing, farming and plantation work are important occupations for the Jambi people.The Jambi are proud of their status as descendants of an ancient Melayu kingdom that dates back to the 7th century. This pride, in fact, has threatened their economic development due to their unwillingness to accept modernization. This is evident as transmigrants from other parts of Indonesia are better off economically than most of the Jambi themselves. Travel between neighboring rural villages is more often done by river than by land. This is due to the Jambi mainly living in thick jungle areas with wide marshes, making land travel very difficult. The Jambi have many different kinds of ceremonies and rituals, which they celebrate at special occasions. These would include: birth of a child, naming a child, first hair cut, ear piercing for two-year old girls, and circumcision for sons between six and ten years old. When the children come of age, (15 year old girls and 17 year old boys), there is a ceremony to file their teeth as a symbol of their adulthood.
Almost all of the Jambi are Muslims. All villages have a mesjid (mosque) or langar (prayer house) with many having a madrasah (Islamic school). For the Jambi, all principles and guidelines governing human life have been passed down from their ancestors, who in turn received them from the official Islamic written sources of revealed truth, the Qur’an (Islamic Holy Book) and the Hadith (guidelines for faith and practice derived from the Prophet Muhammad’s life). They also believe that religious leaders, dwarfs, and dukun (shaman/healer/occultist) possess supernatural powers.
Penghulu Tribe 27.000 Islam
The Penghulu tribe is one of the ethnic groups, which is regarded as the “original inhabitants” of the Jambi province on the Indonesian island of Sumatera. They primarily live in the districts of Sungai Manau, Batang Asai, and Ulu Tabir in the regency of Sarolangun Bangko in the province of Jambi. Some also live in Bungo Tebo Regency. This group reportedly migrated from West Sumatera to Jambi in the 15th century to look for gold. Based on their physical characteristics, it is believed they are the descendants of the “Older Malay” race. They are usually shorter than the vast majority of the other people groups living in the area who are from the “Younger Malay” lineage. In accordance with the area of their origin, their language is a mixture of the Minangkabau and Jambi languages.
The main occupation of the Penghulu is cultivating irrigated and unirrigated rice fields. Besides planting rice, they also grow rubber, cinnamon, and coffee. Another means of livelihood is gathering forest products, such as wood and rattan.Some Penghulu people make their living by mining gold using their traditional methods. The main gold mining area is centered on the areas of Sungai Manau and Batang Asai. Handicrafts that are found in this area are mainly woven products, such as woven balls, mats, baskets, bowls, and winnowing baskets. Besides this, they also do metal work making knives, machetes, adzes, and pickaxes.An important custom for the Penghulu people is called, menyerayo (or parian), and refers to mutual assistance in planting, cultivating, and harvesting their fields. Usually, this kind of activity involves almost everyone in the village.The Penghulu usually build their villages with the homes closely grouped together and located along the road or the riverbank. Several villages form a community, which is called a marga. A marga is led by a pasirah. The nuclear family is called a kalbu. A number of kalbu form a family clan, which is led by a Tua Tengganai. A Tua Tengganai has the responsibility of supervising the members of his clan and is responsible for resolving problems that arise among them. Penghulu society is led by a council which is comprised of one respected leader (ninik mamak) from each extended family.
In general the Penghulu are Muslims. Despite this, traditional animistic beliefs are still strong in daily life. They still believe in the power of unseen spirits that inhabit sacred places. Some of the Penghulu still give offerings to improve relationships with the spirits. The services of a dukun (shaman/healer/occultist) are often sought for many purposes, including healing sicknesses and exorcising evil spirits.
 
Orang Rimba

Indonesia’s future is all about expansion. More power plants, toll roads, coal mines and palm oil plantations bring orang-rimbabusiness, jobs and higher living standards, while contributing to the drive for modernization.

All of that is fine, unless you’re left out — or in the case of a small group of forest dwellers in central Sumatra, fighting a losing battle to prevent your culture from disappearing.

Such is the plight of the Orang Rimba, an indigenous, semi-nomadic tribe in Jambi. Their people number about 3,000, but with rapid conversion of land and rampant deforestation occurring, tribal leaders say they’re being squeezed out of their traditional home and losing their identity.

With the modern ways of the outside world thrust upon them, the Orang Rimba have created a two-faced identity to survive. The Jakarta Globe visited the tribe in its homeland and chronicled its members’ daily battle for food, clean water, proper health care and education for their children — all while trying to maintain ancient traditions.

Orang Rimba are easily recognized by their features and dress, with their long, ruffled hair and loincloths. The women mostly go topless. This ancient attire, nomadic life and lack of hygiene is mocked by outsiders as backward, earning slurs from non-indigenous villagers and transmigrants.

Though fed up with their treatment, the Orang Rimba still try to adjust to the modern world in some ways. Some wear T-shirts and pants, ride motorcycles and own cellphones.

However, more and more of tribe’s younger generation are being drawn toward modern life, even renouncing their animist beliefs and converting to Islam.

“We can’t avoid this, and it’s very likely we will lose this battle,” laments Tumenggung Tarib, a tribal leader.

Anak Dalam

http://www.explorer-photo.com/photos/main.php?g2_itemId=8474

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Jambi Hutan Durian Luncuk I / II Nature Reserve

Hutan Durian Luncuk I Nature Reserve Sorolangun Bangko 

(Surat Keputusan) Menhut No. 820/Kpts-II/1997, 30 Desember 1997. Luas areal 73,74 hektar. South Sumatera

Hutan Durian Luncuk II Nature Reserve Batanghari

(Surat Keputusan) Menhut No. 821/Kpts-II/1997, 30 Desember 1997. Luas areal 41,37 hektar.

 Durian-Luncuk

Jambi Sumatra Kelompok Hutan Bakau Pantai Timor Nature Reserve

Kelompok Hutan Bakau Pantai Timor Nature Reserve 

Longitude (DD) 103.96774415
Latitude (DD) -1.02195638
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1981
IUCN Category Ia
Documented Total Area (ha) 6.500
GIS Total Area (ha) 42.578
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas
General
Kelompok Hutan Bakau Pantai Timor Nature Reserve comprises an area of 6,500 ha in Jambi province. It consists of a coastal fringe of mangrove forest, bordering a large area of mudflats. The area is intersected by many creeks and rivers and forms an important breeding, feeding and roosting ground for many water birds.
Access
No data available.
The reserve lies at the north east coast of Jambi province.
Accommodation
Several possibilities in Jambi.
Addresses
KSDA, Telanaipura, Jambi
Flora
* Avicennia marina
* Rhizopora apiculata
* R. spp.
* Sonneratia ovata

Mammals
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus

Birds
* Garganey – Anas querquedula
* Black-tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa
* Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
* Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
* Nordmann’s Greenshank – Tringa guttifer
* Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
* Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Ruddy Turnstone – Arenaria interpres
* Asian Dowitcher – Limnodromus semipalmatus
* Red Knot – Calidris canutus
* Rufous-necked Stint – Calidris ruficollis

* Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
* Broad-billed Sandpiper – Limicola falcinellus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
* Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
* Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Grey-headed Fish-Eagle – Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
* Intermediate Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Black-headed Ibis – Threskiornis melanocephalus
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus

Reptiles
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator
* Reticulated python – Python reticulatus

Invertebrates
Mangrove Crab –

 

Jambi Sumatra Harapan Rainforest Nature Reserve

Harapan Rainforest 01 Nature Reserve 

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Harapan Rainforest is an extraordinary place. Straddling the border of Jambi and South Sumatra provinces, it represents some of Sumatra ‘s last remaining lowland forest. Harapan Rainforest, named after the Indonesian word for ‘hope’, is home to the majestic Sumatran tiger, on the brink of extinction, to at least 235 bird species, and to a diverse array of plant and animal life.

Sumatra ‘s lowland forest is one of the most important wildlife habitats in the world, rivalling the Brazilian Amazon in its diversity. It is also one of the most threatened. Logging and the expansion of agriculture, particularly timber and oil palm plantations, are closing in on all sides. Within just a few years, this forest and its irreplacable wildlife could be gone forever. The indigenous people of the area, including families who follow a nomadic existence deep in the forest’s interior, risk losing their way of life.

The Harapan Rainforest initiative is Indonesia’s first official forest for ‘ecosystem restoration’. A unique, global partnership led by Burung Indonesia, the Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB, UK) and BirdLife International aims to create a bright future for the forest, its wildlife and people by linking local communities, national conservation organisations and government to protect, restore and sustain this vital area.

Forest restoration : good economic sense

The Stern Review, a recently published major report by the UK Government on the economic consequences of climate change, gives a stark warning that, unless we act now, climate change will have serious social, economic and environmental consequences. The report also concludes that “the benefits of strong, early action considerably outweigh the costs” and that “curbing deforestation is a highly cost-effective way of reducing greenhouse gas emissions”.

Indonesia’s forests are extremely important for regulating our climate, and also for conserving the world’s biodiversity and providing vital services for local communities. Yet they are disappearing at an alarming rate. Without these forests, the world would be a much poorer and more dangerous place for all of us. Everyone interested in the country-individuals, companies, non-government organisations and governments have a role to play in protecting and restoring these forests.

Sumatra’s amazing wildlife

The rainforests of Sumatra are among the most wildlife-rich on earth. Indonesia covers just 1 percent of the world’s land area, but supports one sixth of the world’s birds, many found nowhere else. More than 600 bird species live in Sumatra ‘s forests, more than two-thirds of them in lowland rainforest. Rainforest birds include the rhinoceros hornbill, rufous-collared kingfisher, red-naped trogon and banded pitta, birds as bright as jewels. Malayan night herons, white-winged ducks and rare storks feed in the rivers flowing through the rainforest and nest near the riverside.

The forests harbour an astonishing richness of mammals, including Sumatran tigers, Asian elephants, Malayan tapirs and clouded leopards. Harapan Rainforest, where Burung Indonesia, the RSPB, and BirdLife International have created Indonesia’s first forest for ‘ecosystem restoration’, is home to 15-20 endangered Sumatran tigers. Only 100-300 remain in the wild and their numbers are dwindling. Preliminary surveys revealed seven cat species and five primates, 33 amphibian and reptile species and at least 235 bird species -although further surveys are certain to reveal many more. In an area roughly two thirds the size of Greater London are as many bird species as breed in the whole of the UK.

Our financial challenge

This initiative has already received political, practical and financial support from a diverse range of individuals and agencies around the world. We welcome your ideas and commitment to help us to guarantee the future of the Harapan Rainforest, its people and wildlife, Forest restoration and promotion of sustainable hum-an development go hand-in-hand with successful management of the concession. Additional funding is also needed to support these act-ivities.

The Harapan Rainforest initiative has already secured support worth several million US dollars from within the BirdLife International Partnership – RSPB, Burung Indonesia, the BirdLife Secretariat and BirdLife partners in Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands. The Global Conservation Fund of Conservation International, the Nando Peretti Foundation, the British Birdwatching Fair and the European Union have also provided funds.

We are continuing to seek funds from a wide range of sources, including government agencies, multilateral bodies, corporations, private trusts and foundations, and individuals. Yayasan Konservasi Ekosistem Indonesia is a registered Indonesian charity, Burung Indonesia is a registered Indonesian membership organization, RSPB is a registered UK charity and BirdLife International headquarters is also registered as a UK charity. Through the international network of Birdlife partners we can collect donations in more than 100 countries. Any donations we receive are tax deductible under the United States Internal Revenue Service code 501(c) 3.

 

Jambi Sumatra Goa Ulu Tiangko Nature Reserve Sarko

Goa Ulu Tiangko Nature Reserve Sarko

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(Surat Keputusan) GB. No. 6 Stbl. 1919, 21 Februari 1919. Luas areal 1 hektar.
ULU GUA Nature Reserve TIONGKO

1. LEGAL STATUS
Cave Nature Reserve Ulu Tiongko determined based on the Decree. Governor of the Indies
Dutch No. 6 Stbl 90 dated 21 February 1919.

2. PHYSICAL CONDITION
Size: 1 acre
Boundary region
With the limits:
North side is bordered by the rice community
West side community is bordered by rice fields
East side is bordered by rice community
The south by the rice community.
Location
Government administration is located in Jambi province, district level authorities
II Sarolangun Bangko, manau River District, Village Tiangko length. Village
Sungai Pinang Merangin District.
In the forestry administration is located in Jambi Sub Balai KSDA, Sub-Section
KSDA Sarolangun Bangko, manau River Resort KSDA.

3. POTENTIAL FOR FLORA FAUNA
Potential:
An upland ecosystem types, and habitats swallow’s nests.
Fauna:
Clouded Leopard (Neopelis nebulosa), Deer (Muntiacus muncak), deer (Cervus
timorensis), Deer forest (Felis bengalensis), Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris
sumatrensis), boar (Sus serova), Ungko (Hylobates agilis), gibbon
(Symphalagus syndactilus), monkey (Macaca fascicularis).
Flora
Not so much more to the economy going, because it has made many
fields and local fields.

4. Accessibility
Route distance and travel time: Jalan Jambi-Bangko land 260 km with
public transport bus / mini bus in 5 hours. Bangko-location of 46 km with
4/roda wheeler 2 (charter) within 1 hour.
Infrastructure Facility
New form of signs and sign restrictions alone
Manager
Balai KSDA Jambi
Jl. Arif Rachman Hakim No.. 10 B Lt. III
JAMBI 36,124
Tel. / Fax. (0741) 62451

Jambi Bukit Sari Nature Recreation Park

Bukit Sari Nature Recreation Park

Bukit-Sari

Longitude (DD) 103.14500156
Latitude (DD) -1.84139713
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
 

Botanic Gardens Bukit Sari

Bukit Sari Botanic Garden Edinburgh was formally established in 1999 in secondary forest areas sebua covering 435 hectares located in the border between the Batang Hari and Tebo regency in Jambi Province. Forest sites are located right on the roadway side of Sumatra trail linking the city of Jambi in Jambi province and the city of Padang in Sumatra Barat.tepatnya around 135 Km from the city of Edinburgh, or about 110 km from the town of Muara Bungo (Bungo District).

Bukit Sari Region Botanic Gardens Edinburgh has a wavy topography with slopes between 3-30% and the variation of height between 55-105 above sea level, dominated by red-yellow podzolic soil, the air temperature in this region ranges from 20 degrees – 30 degrees Celsius, Rainfall average in one year is about 1606.5 mm with 93 rainy days. The rainy season generally falls between October to April, while the driest period occurred in July and August. This area is surrounded by oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is quite broad.

Bukit Sari Botanic Garden Edinburgh is designed as a combination of ex situ conservation areas and conservation areas in situ so that most of the collection are the kinds of plants that grow naturally in the region. No fewer than 395 plant species can be found in this botanical garden area. these species is basically a typical component of the ecosystem of lowland tropical rain forest. There are also other types of plants that seems to dominate among others, Meranti (Shorea spp), tenggris (Kompassia Malacensis), Plajau (Pentaspadon Montley) and jelutung (Dyera Constulata).

Some “plant” a collection of Sari Hill Botanic Garden Edinburgh has been identified, recorded and labeled a distinct identity. Some types of which have been published in the book “Plants Botanical Gardens Bukit Sari Jambi – Sumatra” which was published in 1999 and is the first publication of the diversity of plants in the Botanic Gardens Bukit Sari Jambi. With increasing numbers of plant species were identified, then diterbikan book on Plants / Plant Collection Bukit Sari Botanic Garden Edinburgh

 

Jambi Kelompok Hutan Bulian Lucuk I/II Nature Reserve

Kelompok Hutan Bulian Lucuk I/II Nature Reserve 

Longitude (DD) 103.07302246
Latitude (DD) -1.98876817
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1987
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 75

 

Jambi Lunang Nature reserve

Lunang Nature reserve

Latitude : 2 12 11 S Logitude : 100 47 48 E
Altitude : 0 to 0 metres
Area : 17700 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Legislation : GB April 13, 1921 no. 41
Tenure : Government of Indonesia
Site Description
A flat peatswamp forest with evergreen vegetation up to 30 m high. It is dominated by such species as Litsea sp, Gluta renghas etc. The area has a rich fauna including many protected species. The soil consists of organosolen and glei-humus. Principal vegetation: Swamp vegetation with Litsea sp, Shorea javanica, Santeria oblongifolia.
Site Location
Lunang is located in the area of the proposed Cagar Alam Komplek Hutan Luang. The eastern boundary is approximately 45 km west of Lake Kerinci, the western boundary approximately 7 km from the coast. The main highway passes to the north-west of the site linking the nearby settlement of Tiapan with Sungai Penuh further east.

List of Birds (2 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Ciconia episcopus
Egretta garzetta

List of Mammals (3 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Cuon alpinus Vulnerable App II
Manis javanica Lower Risk App II
Panthera tigris Endengered App I

List of Vegetations (2 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Litsea sp.
Shorea javanica

 

Jambi Muara Bulian Nature Reserve

Muara Bulian Nature Reserve

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batang hari

Latitude : 1 45 0 S Logitude : 103 15 0 E
Altitude : 0 to 0 metres
Area : 50 ha Wetlands: 0 ha
Site Description
A swamp used annually for low quality rice production when the water level permits. It supports a varying density of swamp grasses and sedges, some floating vegetation, and has patches of open water and exposed mud. Scattered trees remain, some of them dead. A grove of open woodland and secondary growth covers one part of the swamp.
Site Location
Muara Bulian is located west of Jambi on the Batang Hari River. Provincial road from Jambi passes the site.
List of Birds (1 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Cairina scutulata Endengered App I