This hilly nature reserve in the province Riau is 120,000 ha. It is not yet an official nature reserve, but the area will get this status in the near future. In the reserve live a small number of Sumatran Elephants.
The reserve lies near the big city Rengat.
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park forms part of a mountain chain that has a potential diversity of endemic plants and animal species of high value.
Ecosystem types within the forest area of the Park include lowland and highland forest types with flora such as jelutung (Dyera costulata), getah merah (Palaquium spp.), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), kempas (Koompassia excelsa), rumbai (Shorea spp.), cendawan muka rimau (Rafflesia hasseltii), jernang or palem darah naga (Daemonorops draco) and various kinds of rattan.
Bukit Tigapuluh National Park has 59 species of mammal, 6 species of primate, 151 species of bird, 18 species of bat and various species of butterfly.
Not only it is a habitat of Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae), Malayan tapir (Tapirus indicus), agile gibbon (Hylobates agilis), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus malayanus), crested fireback (Lophura ignita), orange-bellied flowerpecker (Dicaeum trigonostigma), great argus pheasant (Argusianus argus argus), etc., the Park also protects the hydrology of the Kuantan Indragiri watershed.
Initially, the Park area consisted of protected forest and limited production forest. In spite of this, the Park’s forest areas are still in a relatively natural condition.
The communities living around the Park comprise several tribes with relatively intact traditions and cultures, namely the Anak Dalam and Talang Mamak. The Talang Mamak community, in particular, believes that the hills and plants in this area wield a magical power over their lives. Such a perception implies that they are actively participating in guarding and protecting the hills and plants of this Park.
Puputan Keling : beautiful views, and good for observing animals and plants.
Pintu Tujuh: caving.
Tembelung Berasap: waterfalls, bathing, and observing plants.
Batu Belipat and Batu Gatal: cultural interest. Rafting is possible along the Gangsal, Menggatai and Sipang rivers.
Kemantan: the ritual ceremonies of the Talang Mamak tribe.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include Siak Bermandah in June and Pacu Jalur in August, both held in Riau.
Best time of year to visit: March to July.
How to reach the Park: Pakanbaru-Siberida, about 4 hours by car (285 km), followed by walking along HPH (forest concession) roads.
total area of 144,223 hectares
* Spotted-winged fruit bat – Balionycteris maculata
* White-collared fruit bat – Megaerops wetmorei
* Round-eared tube-nosed bat – Murina cyclotis
* Long-tailed macaque – Macaca fascicularis
* Pig-tailed macaque – Macaca nemestrina
* Siamang – Hylobates syndactylus
* Banded leaf monkey – Presbytis femoralis
* Clouded leopard – Neofelis nebulosa
* Sumatran tiger – Panthera tigris sumatrae
* Oriental small-clawed otter – Aonyx cinerea
* Asian elephant – Elephas maximus
* Malayan sun bear – Helarctos malayanus
* Malayan tapir – Tapirus indicus
* Asiatic wild dog – Cuon alpinus
* Sumatran rhinoceros – Dicerorhinus sumatrensis
* Spiny Turtle – Heosemys spinosa
* Malayan Flat-shelled Turtle – Notochelys platynota
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus
* False Gavial – Tomistoma schlegelii
* Gymnochanda limi
* Giant Gouramy – Osphronemus goramy
* Asian Arowana – Scleropages formosus
* [Black Patridge] – Melanoperdix nigra
* [Blue-breasted Quail] – Coturnix chinensis
* [Crested Partridge] – Rollulus rouloul
* Crestless Fireback – Lophura erythrophthalma
* [Crested Fireback] – Lophura ignita
* Great Argus – Argusianus argus
* [Lesser Whistling-Duck] – Dendrocygna javanica
* [White-winged Duck] – Cairina scutulata
* [Barred Buttonquail] – Turnix suscitator
* Rufous Piculet – Sasia abnormis
* [Sunda Woodpecker] – Dendrocopos moluccensis
* Rufous Woodpecker – Celeus brachyurus
* White-bellied Woodpecker – Dryocopus javensis
* [Banded Woodpecker] – Picus mineaceus
* [Crimson-winged Woodpecker] – Picus puniceus
* [Checker-throated Woodpecker] – Picus mentalis
* [Olive-backed Woodpecker] – Dinopium rafflesii
* [Common Flameback] – Dinopium javanense
* Maroon Woodpecker – Blythipicus rubiginosus
* Orange-backed Woodpecker – Reinwardtipicus validus
* Buff-rumped Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tristis
* Buff-necked Woodpecker – Meiglyptes tukki
* [Grey-and-buff Woodpecker] – Hemicircus concretus
* Gold-whiskered Barbet – Megalaima chrysopogon
* [Red-throated Barbet] – Megalaima mystacophanos
* Yellow-crowned Barbet – Megalaima henricii
* Blue-eared Barbet – Megalaima australis
* Brown Barbet – Calorhamphus fuliginosus
* Black Hornbill – Anthracoceros malayanus
* Rhinoceros Hornbill – Buceros rhinoceros
* Helmeted Hornbill – Buceros vigil
* Bushy-crested Hornbill – Anorrhinus galeritus
* [White-crowned Hornbill] – Aceros comatus
* [Wrinkled Hornbill] – Aceros corrugatus
* Wreathed Hornbill – Aceros undulatus
* Diard’s Trogon – Harpactes diardii
* Cinnamon-rumped Trogon – Harpactes orrhophaeus
* Scarlet-rumped Trogon – Harpactes duvaucelii
* [Blue-eared Kingfisher] – Alcedo meninting
* Blue-banded Kingfisher – Alcedo euryzona
* [Black-backed Kingfisher] – Ceyx erithacus
* [Stork-billed Kingfisher] – Pelargopsis capensis
* [White-throated Kingfisher] – Halcyon smyrnensis
* [Collared Kingfisher] – Todirhamphus chloris
* Rufous-collared Kingfisher – Actenoides concretus
* [Nyctyornis amictus] – Red-bearded Bee-eater
* [Hodgson’s Hawk-Cuckoo] – Cuculus fugax
* [Plaintive Cuckoo] – Cacomantis merulinus
* [Drongo Cuckoo] – Surniculus lugubris
* [Black-bellied Malkoha] – Phaenicophaeus diardi
* [Chestnut-bellied Malkoha] – Phaenicophaeus sumatranus
* [Raffles’s Malkoha] – Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus
* Red-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus javanicus
* Chestnut-breasted Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus curvirostris
* [Greater Coucal] – Centropus sinensis
* [Lesser Coucal] – Centropus bengalensis
* Blue-rumped Parrot – Psittinus cyanurus
* Blue-crowned Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus galgulus
* Long-tailed Parakeet – Psittacula longicauda
* Silver-rumped Spinetail – Rhaphidura leucopygialis
* [Brown-backed Needletail] – Hirundapus giganteus
* [Asian Palm-Swift] – Cypsiurus balasiensis
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Whiskered Treeswift – Hemiprocne comata
* [Reddish Scops-Owl] – Otus rufescens
* [Sunda Scops-Owl] – Otus lempiji
* Brown Hawk-Owl – Ninox scutulata
* [Large Frogmouth] – Batrachostomus auritus
* Malaysian Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus temminckii
* [Large-tailed Nightjar] – Caprimulgus macrurus
* [Savanna Nightjar] – Caprimulgus affinis
* [Spotted Dove] – Streptopelia chinensis
* Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* [Pink-necked Green-Pigeon] – Treron vernans
* Thick-billed Green-Pigeon – Treron curvirostra
* Jambu Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus jambu
# [Green Imperial-Pigeon] – Ducula aenea
# [White-breasted Waterhen] – Amaurornis phoenicurus
# Jerdon’s Baza – Aviceda jerdoni
# [Oriental Honey-buzzard] – Pernis ptilorhyncus
# Bat Hawk – Macheiramphus alcinus
# Crested Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis cheela
# [Crested Goshawk] – Accipiter trivirgatus
# Black-thighed Falconet – Microhierax fringillarius
# Storm’s Stork – Ciconia stormi
# [Banded Pitta] – Pitta guajana
# Garnet Pitta – Pitta granatina
# [Black-and-red Broadbill] – Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos
# Banded Broadbill – Eurylaimus javanicus
# Black-and-yellow Broadbill – Eurylaimus ochromalus
# Green Broadbill – Calyptomena viridis
# Asian Fairy-bluebird – Irena puella
# [Greater Green Leafbird] – Chloropsis sonnerati
# [Lesser Green Leafbird] – Chloropsis cyanopogon
# Blue-winged Leafbird – Chloropsis cochinchinensis
# Brown Shrike – Lanius cristatus
# Malaysian Rail-babbler – Eupetes macrocerus
# Crested Jay – Platylophus galericulatus
# Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
| # [Large-billed Crow] – Corvus macrorhynchos
# [White-breasted Woodswallow] – Artamus leucorynchus# Dark-throated Oriole – Oriolus xanthonotus
# [Black-naped Oriole] – Oriolus chinensis
# [Lesser Cuckooshrike] – Coracina fimbriata
# [Fiery Minivet] – Pericrocotus igneus
# [Scarlet Minivet] – Pericrocotus flammeus
# [Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike] – Hemipus hirundinaceus
# [Pied Fantail] – Rhipidura javanica
# Spotted Fantail – Rhipidura perlata
# Bronzed Drongo – Dicrurus aeneus
# Greater Racket-tailed Drongo – Dicrurus paradiseus
# Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
# Asian Paradise-Flycatcher – Terpsiphone paradisi
# Common Iora – Aegithina tiphia
# Green Iora – Aegithina viridissima
# Rufous-winged Philentoma – Philentoma pyrhopterum
# Maroon-breasted Philentoma – Philentoma velatum
# [Large Woodshrike] – Tephrodornis gularis
# [Chestnut-capped Thrush] – Zoothera interpres
# [Fulvous-chested Jungle-Flycatcher] – Rhinomyias olivacea
# Grey-chested Jungle-Flycatcher – Rhinomyias umbratilis
# [Verditer Flycatcher] – Eumyias thalassina
# Malaysian Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis turcosus
# [Siberian Blue Robin] – Luscinia cyane
# [Oriental Magpie-Robin] – Copsychus saularis
# White-rumped Shama – Copsychus malabaricus
# [Rufous-tailed Shama] – Trichixos pyrropyga
# White-crowned Forktail – Enicurus leschenaulti
# Hill Myna – Gracula religiosa
# [Velvet-fronted Nuthatch] – Sitta frontalis
# [Barn Swallow] – Hirundo rustica
# Black-and-white Bulbul – Pycnonotus melanoleucos
# Black-headed Bulbul – Pycnonotus atriceps
# [Black-crested Bulbul] – Pycnonotus melanicterus
# Grey-bellied Bulbul – Pycnonotus cyaniventris
# [Puff-backed Bulbul] – Pycnonotus eutilotus
# [Yellow-vented Bulbul] – Pycnonotus goiavier
# Olive-winged Bulbul – Pycnonotus plumosus
# Cream-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus simplex
# Red-eyed Bulbul – Pycnonotus brunneus
# Spectacled Bulbul – Pycnonotus erythropthalmos
# [Grey-cheeked Bulbul] – Alophoixus bres
# Yellow-bellied Bulbul – Alophoixus phaeocephalus
# Hairy-backed Bulbul – Tricholestes criniger
# [Buff-vented Bulbul] – Iole olivacea
# [Streaked Bulbul] – Ixos malaccensis
# [Bar-winged Prinia] – Prinia familiaris
# [Yellow-bellied Prinia] – Prinia flaviventris
# [Dark-necked Tailorbird] – Orthotomus atrogularis
# [Rufous-tailed Tailorbird] – Orthotomus sericeus
# [Ashy Tailorbird] – Orthotomus ruficeps
# [White-chested Babbler] – Trichastoma rostratum
# Ferruginous Babbler – Trichastoma bicolor
# Short-tailed Babbler – Malacocincla malaccensis
# Buff-breasted Babbler – Pellorneum tickelli
# Black-capped Babbler – Pellorneum capistratum
# Moustached Babbler – Malacopteron magnirostre
# [Sooty-capped Babbler] – Malacopteron affine
# Scaly-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron cinereum
# Rufous-crowned Babbler – Malacopteron magnum
# [Grey-breasted Babbler] – Malacopteron albogulare
# Chestnut-backed Scimitar-Babbler – Pomatorhinus montanus
# [Striped Wren-Babbler] – Kenopia striata
# Large Wren-Babbler – Napothera macrodactyla
# [Rufous-fronted Babbler] – Stachyris rufifrons
# Grey-headed Babbler – Stachyris poliocephala
# [White-necked Babbler] – Stachyris leucotis
# Black-throated Babbler – Stachyris nigricollis
# Chestnut-rumped Babbler – Stachyris maculata
# Chestnut-winged Babbler – Stachyris erythroptera
# Striped Tit-Babbler – Macronous gularis
# Fluffy-backed Tit-Babbler – Macronous ptilosus
# Brown Fulvetta – Alcippe brunneicauda
# Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker – Prionochilus maculatus
# [Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker] – Prionochilus percussus
# [Fire-breasted Flowerpecker] – Dicaeum ignipectus
# [Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker] – Dicaeum cruentatum
# Plain Sunbird – Anthreptes simplex
# [Plain-throated Sunbird] – Anthreptes malacensis
# Ruby-cheeked Sunbird – Anthreptes singalensis
# Purple-naped Sunbird – Hypogramma hypogrammicum
# [Crimson Sunbird] – Aethopyga siparaja
# Little Spiderhunter – Arachnothera longirostra
# [Spectacled Spiderhunter] – Arachnothera flavigaster
# Yellow-eared Spiderhunter – Arachnothera chrysogenys
# Grey-breasted Spiderhunter – Arachnothera affinis
# [Eurasian Tree Sparrow] – Passer montanus
# [Paddyfield Pipit] – Anthus rufulus
# White-rumped Munia – Lonchura striata
# [Scaly-breasted Munia] – Lonchura punctulata
# [White-bellied Munia] – Lonchura leucogastra
# [White-headed Munia] – Lonchura maja
Bukit Tiga puluh National Park Map
| Bukit Tigapuluh National Park (also called Bukit Tiga Puluh and Bukit Tigapulah) – The Thirty Hills – is a 143,223 hectare National Park in eastern Sumatra, consisting primarily of tropical lowland forest, largely in Riau province, with a smaller part of 33,000 ha in Jambi province. It is famous as one of the last refuges of endangered species such as the Sumatran Orangutan, Sumatran tiger, Sumatran elephant, Sumatran rhinoceros and Asian tapir, as well as many endangered bird species. It forms part of the Tesso Nilo Complex biodiversity hotspot. The Park is inhabited by the indigenous peoples of the Orang Rimba and Talang Mamak tribes.
Bukit Tiga puluh National Park Orang Rimba and Talan Mamak
Orang Rimba and Talan Mamak
|Indigenous tribes: The forests and its surrounding buffer area also provide homes for Orang Rimba (Kubu) and Talan Mamak – forest dwelling tribal communities all of whom have adapted to living in the environment in a sustainable way that has little impact on the ecosystem.
ORANG RIMBA: Orang Rimba, the “People of the Forest” are an indigenous people, numbering 2,500, in Jambi Province. Approximately 364 live in the forests on Bukit Tigapuluh. The Orang Rimba have developed a traditional system of forest resources management, based on enrichment and selective enhancement of many tree and plant species. They generally collect non-wood forest products, hunt, and practice swidden cultivation. The fact that the Orang Rimba base their livelihood on the collection of forest products makes this forest of great importance to them.
TALANG MAMAK: Known as a hinterland tribe, the Talang Mamak number only about 6,000 and depend on the natural resources found in the park in Riau’s Indragiri Hulu regency.
The Medicinal Biota Expedition found the Talang Mamak tribe use 110 and the Kubu tribe 101 of medicinal plants and fungi to cure over 50 diseases. Leaves are the most usable part of medical plants after roots, bark and sap. They have long known the plants and fungi as effective cures for common diseases such as rheumatism, dysentery, hepatitis, respiratory ailments, malaria, goiter, skin rashes, coughs and diabetes. Some plants are also considered natural contraceptives.
Usually the parts of the plant are boiled then the water drunk as a herbal extract
Talan Mamak Tours
|The park can be reached in 4 hours by car from the capitals of both Riau and Jambi. An exciting experience in its own right, this route passes through the Riau Archipelago and through mangrove creeks and canals in the coastal swamps of Sumatra, before entering the great Indragiri River. With in the park itself, transportation is accomplished through a combination of trekking and using bamboo rafts and wooden boats.
Conferring some 12,709 km2 of the Bukit Tigapuluh (“The Thirty Hills”), a massif rising steeply just south of the equator in the middle of Sumatra’s eastern plain, the National Park serves several important functions. In addition to providing a safe haven for thousands of species of plants and animals, many of which are threatened by extinction or extremely rare, the Park provides vital catchments protection for several large rivers that sustain downstream agricultural communities.
The forests of the National Park and its surrounding buffer areas also provide habitat to Talang Mamak and Kubu forest-dwelling tribal communities and traditional Malay peasants who live in the forest edges.
DAY 1: arrive at Jakarta International airport. Meet and transfer to the hotel for overnight transit.
DAY 2: Transfer to the airport for flight to Jambi – Sumatera. Arrive Jambi, meet and transfer by 4 wheel drive to Bukit Tiga Puluh National Park. Overnight at the guest house camp.
DAY 3: Start the trip to the habitat of Rafflesia hasseltii (giant flower). Trekking to the Datai Old hamlet. Quenching your thirst by enjoying tapped sugar palm juice. Dining and chatting with the Talang Mamak tribal people Overnight at home stay made of tree bark.
DAY 4: Datai Ancient Village. Enjoying and observing the lowland rain forest. Getting acquainted with the Talang Mamak tribe and their interaction with the forest, especially their daily use of medicinal plants taken from the forests. Evening gathering to see the making of pandanus handicrafts by the tribal women.
DAY 5: Datai Ancient Village – Air Bemban Breakfast includes local coffee ( green product – non pesticide ). Rafting along the Gangsal River, experience its rapids along the way and viewing the panorama or bring along your binocular for bird watching. Stay overnight in the village of the Malayan community in Air Bemban. Dine simple local food with the community and enjoy their traditional music.
DAY 6: Air Bemban – Rantau Langsat – Rengat Exploring the village, make an encounter with the Kemantan Shaman ( the Local Healer ). Rafting downstream. Visit Talang Mamak traditional Grave sites. Observing local rattan and bamboo handicrafts. Overnight at the guest house camp.
DAY 7: transfer to Jambi airport for your afternoon flight to Jakarta. Arrive at Jakarta in the evening . transfer to your hotel.
DAY 08: transfer to the airport for your return flight home or other destination in Indonesia.