– Bengkulu Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations Enggano and Tribes Maps

 Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations Enggano and Tribes Maps

Golf Courses

Raflesia Golf Club

Jl. Citanduy No.3 Lingkar Barat, Bengkulu, Indonesia

Enggano Island

Enggano  Island Info

Enggano lies about 110 miles (177 km) south of Bengkulu city. It is about 22 miles (35 km) long east west and 10 miles (16 km) wide north south. Its average elevation is about 330 feet (100 m). Hills, rising to about 922 feet (281 m), cover most of the area. The island covers an area of 40,260 hectares, which is dominated by dense rainforest with its wild buffaloes. Mainly we can see the culture, or the life manners of traditional society and native’s Enggano dances. A pioneer boat at Baai Island Harbour or hiring a small boat at Bintuhan seaport can reach the island. Visitors can see the culture, or the life manners of traditional society and native’s Enggano dances.

There are 5 clans Isukul spread over the entire island: The Kaharuba, Kaarubi, Kaitora, Kaahoao and the Kauno. A matrilineal society, descent is traced through the female line and daughters usually inherit farmlands. Half call them Christian, the other half call them Mosleem. But actually this society is one of the last truly animist strongholds in Indonesia. Engganese culture is sure now to disappear as a result of assimilation into an indiscriminate Indonesian culture.

Bengkulu 8 Tribes

Bengkulu,  Tribes, pekal, rejang, col, enggano,

 

Bengkulu Tribe 65.000 Islam
The Bengkulu people live in the city of B
engkulu, the capital of the province of Bengkulu in the southwestern portion of the island of Sumatera. More of the Bengkulu people live in the city than in villages. The Bengkulu people are descended from the union of multiple peoples who have migrated to the area, including the Melayu (Malay), Minangkabau, Aceh, Bugis, Banten and Jawa (Java) peoples. The Bengkulu language is a branch of the Melayu language cluster. Currently, newcomers from other Indonesian people groups live among them, such as the Minangkabau, Bugis and Jawa. Historically, they identified themselves as orang Bangkahulu since the term testifies to a great military victory in which they successfully expelled a superior military force of Aceh invaders.
The Bengkulu people’s income is based primarily on fishing. They also work as shopkeepers, ship builders, mechanics, building contractors, and government employees as well as nearly every other urban profession.The Bengkulu lineage of descent is bilateral (traced through both parents). The most important family unit is the extended family (rumah tangga sebubungan). This unit consists of the parents and all of their children’s families. Brothers are called meghanai and sisters are called kelewai. Members of the extended family are responsible for the activities of the family, which makes them sepangka (bound together). Those bound by marriage relationships are tiang garang.Society is led by a council which is comprised of one respected leader (ninik mamak) from each extended family. Another influential group is called the menengkalak, which is made up of the clan’s intellectuals, wealthy individuals and high-ranking government officials. If there is conflict, they try to resolve it by seeking consensus through discussion. Typically, they live in painted wooden houses raised on stilts that have distinctive Bengkulu ornamentation. The staircase is in the front, and the vacant space under the house is usually enclosed. Their arts also are very similar to those found among other Melayu. For instance, they perform various Melayu art forms, such as Dendang Melayu singing, Randai dance, Tari Payung (Umbrella Dance), Tari Lilin (Candle Dance), Tari Piring (Plate Dance), and Tari Saputangan (Handkerchief Dance).
The majority of the Bengkulu people are Muslims. However, they still hold certain traditional ceremonies according to their ancient beliefs. These animistic ceremonies are focused on seeking protection through magic by either appeasing or controlling good and bad spirits. They have a traditional harvest festival called Tabot, which is held on the 1st through the 10th of Muharam (Islamic month) every year. This festival is held to honor the Sea Dragon so that their fisherman will not be harmed while at sea.
Col  145.000 Islam
Interior south Sumatra, Lubuklinggau area and east of Bengkulu; Muaraklingi area, south, east, and north. Alternate names: Cul, Sindang. Dialects: Lembak Delapan, Sindang Kelingi, Beliti; Lubuk Linggau.
Kaur Tribe 60.000 Islam
The Kaur people are one of the original peoples of Bengkulu Province. They originated in Bintu
han in the South Kaur District of South Bengkulu, but today, many live in the North Kaur District. Their district capital is the city of Bintuhan, through which the trans-Sumatera highway passes. They have a language of their own, classified as being part of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster. Kaur villages are mostly grouped along the banks of small rivers found in this area. The Kaur territory lies adjacent to that of the Serawai and Pasemah peoples. Geographically, the Kaur can be differentiated as two subgroups. Those living in the South Kaur District are usually called Bintuhan, and their dialect is greatly influenced by the Lampung people cluster. Those residing in the North Kaur District are influenced by the Pasemah people.
The main Kaur livelihood is rice cultivation. This area is also known for cloves and pepper production. Some of their side enterprises include livestock raising, fishing, and trading. The men work the fields while the women manage the households. Other major crops include peanuts, coffee, coconut, resin, rubber, rattan, sweet potatoes, and various types of fruit-especially banana, mango, pineapple, and many people’s favorite, durian. The Kaur live in tin-roofed homes with electricity is available. One distinction is that all the houses are painted blue and white. Traditional kitchen fires are usually used for cooking, and wells are located in the backyards. Also, chickens, ducks, and cattle typically roam freely. Gotong royong is a strong societal custom of cooperation and mutual help practiced by most Kaur. These values are evident in the assistance they offer each other during harvests.The Kaur are not permitted to marry someone from their own clan but may marry a Kaur person from another village. Marriages can take place only after the Perayaan Panen Padi (Rice Harvest Celebration). Generally, ages at the time of marriage are 20 years for the men and 15 or 16 years for the women. If the groom wishes his bride to come live with his family, he must pay the bride’s family a dowry. If the groom has to live with his bride’s family, her family is obligated to give only a commemorative gift to the groom’s family.The older Kaur generation has an average of 13 children per family, but with a current government-sponsored family-planning program, younger families typically have only three children on average.
The Kaur people have been of Sunni Syafi’i Muslims since the 17th century. Like other Melayu, the key intersection of their social and spiritual life is the sedekah, a communal meal held as a religious ritual to celebrate a birth, give thanks for a crop, request rainfall, commemorate a death, and ward off evil spirits. In every village there are at least one or two mosques. Generally, the children attend Islamic schools (madrasah).
Lembak Tribe 174.000
The Lembak People live in the boundary area of the provinces of Bengkulu and South Sumatera. In Bengkulu they are located in the regencies of Rejang Lebong and North Bengkulu as well as in the city Bengkulu. In Bengkulu Province they call themselves “Sindang Kelingi” or “Lembak Sindang Merdeka” (meaning “Free”). The Lembak may have originated from the valley of the Musi-Rawas River in South Sumatera to the east of the city of Lubuklinggau. This area is currently occupied by the Lakitan people. The Lembak moved in the 16th century to secure freedom from their Palembang rulers. Outsiders often call them the Bulang (turban) people. The Lembak language is part of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster. The Lembak people have an indigenous script, called Surat Ulu (Letter of Beginning), which is similar to Rejang and Serawai scripts.
The Lembak people’s main livelihood is cultivating rice in irrigated and unirrigated fields. Quite a few men work as rubber tappers on the many rubber plantations in the area. Others run small-scale brick-making factories in rural areas. The women help in the fields and manage the households.The Lembak family system is patriarchal and the lineage of descent is bilateral (traced through both parents). There are three post-marriage patterns for newlyweds. The first is to set up a new, separate household. The second is the bejojoh custom of living with the groom’s relatives. The third is the semendo custom of living with the bride’s relatives.Lembak homes are raised on stilts and have large rooms. Most homes have a stairway on the side. They typically have more furnishings than the homes of the neighboring Lintang and Rawas peoples. Electricity is available throughout the area, but their cooking fuel is kerosene or wood. The Lembak societal system resembles those of the Rejang and Serawai peoples. Villages join together to form a clan, which is lead by a pasirah (village chief). An official (mangku) and his deputy (penggawa) supervise kepemangkuan (clan districts). They are supported by religious experts, such as imam (Muslim prayer & ceremonial priest) and khatib (mosque preacher).Elements of the Lembak culture include: (among others) the Tari Piring (Plate Dance) and the Tari Pisau (Knife Dance). In addition, there is Dangdut music, which often combines a strong beat with Arabic rhythms and Islamic teachings. The young people are trained in singing, dancing, and Indonesian martial arts.
Most Lembak people today embrace Islam, although a large part of the community still adheres to animistic beliefs. Most believe in the power of unseen spirits inhabiting sacred places. The services of a dukun (shaman/healer/occultist) are often sought for many purposes, including healing the sick and exorcising evil spirits.
Muko muko Tribe 65.000
The Muko-Muko people (also known as Muke-Muke) originate from the districts of North and South Muko-Muko, in the regency of North Bengkulu in southern Sumatera. Their area is located close to the southern border of West Sumatera, just west of Jambi province with the Indian Ocean to the south. Parts of the area are swampland or a brackish mix of fresh and salt water. There are many rivers, the largest of which is the Muko-Muko River. Currently, the Muko-Muko are not as isolated because the government has built a road from Bengkulu to Muko-Muko Rejang. In everyday communication, the Muko-Muko use their own language, which is a mixture of Melayu (Malay) with the Minang and Rejang languages.
Most Muko-Muko people are farmers, fishermen, hunters, day laborers, traders and rattan handicraft makers. Their most distinctive handicraft is crafted flint. In addition, they have community farms, which produce rubber, cloves and coconut oil. Kinship is matrilineal, which means descent and property are passed down to the daughters in the family. This is due to the influence of the neighboring Minangkabau people. The Muko-Muko still use their traditional leadership system. Their villages are governed by a pasirah (village chief) and his assistants. The role of the pasirah is to safeguard stability and harmony according to their cultural customs, as well as to collect taxes and community fees. These community fees can be in the form of padi katulungan, which means working three days per year for the village chief or paying commensurate fees. Other fees are charged for marriage certificates, divorce certificates, peace treaties and paying for permission to court a young woman. The Muko-Muko use the term kaum for a group of families. The kaum is led by the chief (Kepala Kaum Agung) and his assistants (Kepala Kaum Kecil). There are five clans that are still growing: the Delapan clan from the center of their tribal area; the Berenam clan; the Empat Belas (“Seven Ancestors”) clan; the Lima Suku clan; and the Gersik Tunggul clan. The most famous aspect of the Muko-Muko culture is the Gandai Dance. This dance is a characteristic Melayu dance that has been influenced by Minangkabau dance styles. When they attend a cultural celebration, the men wear traditional clothes called teluk belanga, which is a black suit with a turban. The women wear a traditional blouse called betabur with a songket (gold-threaded cloth) sarong (wrap-around skirt).
Islam is the Muko-Muko’s majority religion, but there is a strong animistic influence in their faith and practice. These animistic beliefs are focused on seeking protection through magic by either appeasing or controlling good and bad spirits. They are afraid of the evil spirits of mothers who die in childbirth. They also venerate large trees, stones, the sources of rivers, and ancestral tombs.
Pekal Tribe 43.000
The Pekal people live along the southwest-central shores and mountain slopes of the island of Sumatera, the fifth largest island in the world. They inhabit the Southern Muko-Muko District of the North Bengkulu region, specifically the Teramang River Basin. This region fringes the Indian Ocean on its southwest border while the Bukit Barisan Mountain range forms the northeastern border. The Pekal people are often called the Ketahun because some of them live in the district of Ketahun. The western link of the trans-Sumateran highway that connects Bengkulu to Padang now crosses the Pekal region in the area of Ipuh. The Pekal language is a branch of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster. It is the everyday language used by the Pekal people. The current form of the language has evolved from the original Melayu language with additional influence from the Minangkabau and Indonesian languages.
The majority of the Pekal work as farmers and plantation workers during the rainy season but shift to fishing in the dry season. They use traditional, home-made devices and tools in their work. They raise coffee, rice, chocolate, tobacco, tapioca, spices, peanuts and various vegetables. Others work as teachers, government officers, soldiers, construction workers, basket weavers, brick makers and traders. The women also work in the rice fields and/or process dried fish and shrimp in special traditional woven containers. The traditional market is a cultural event involving many people. Sellers from the outside only come to trade once a week.The traditional Pekal houses are long and narrow and built on stilts. They have arranged their village communities into several clans, which are found all over the South Muko-Muko District. If a newcomer arrives who wants to live among the Pekal people, he will first be asked to cook a meal for the clan among whom he lives as well as several others living nearby. He will then formally be considered a part of their family and will be treated like all other Pekal without distinction for ethnicity, religion, education, or economic status. In the Pekal culture no person has rights that are greater than anyone else. Of course, the newcomer must fulfill customary and traditional obligations by participating in his/her duties as a Pekal family member.
Almost all the Pekal profess Islam. However, they also use traditional incantations to bring rain, exorcise evil spirits and clean the village from immorality. They have a tradition of giving social and material help to each other in the community. They feel compelled to help others because of their own strong feeling of indebtedness. Even though their income is usually barely sufficient, they willingly give help to people in need, victims of natural disasters, and financial support for the building of mosques.
Rejang Tribe 737.000
The Rejang people primarily live in the province ofsumatra, tribes, bengkulu, rejang, suku Bengkulu, specifically in the Rejang Lebong Regency and a large portion of the North Bengkulu Regency. Most of the Rejang live on the cool mountain slopes of the Bukit Barisan mountain range. This area is still covered in thick jungle. The Rafflesia Flower (the world’s largest flower) as well as beautiful orchids grow wild throughout this area.The Rejang have their own language, Rejang, with four dialects: Kapahyang (Rejang Ho), Selupuh (Rejang Musai), Rejang Lebong and Rejang Pesisir.
The main source of income for the Rejang is farming. Other means of income include raising livestock, logging, fishing, and working on rubber plantations. Some work in food processing plants or other factories. Others use traditional methods for mining coal, gold, silver, tin, zinc, platinum and lava. They live in stilt houses about 1.5-2 meters off the ground which have intricately carved horizontal beams, and ornamental colored panels decorating the outside. Rejang homes are made of wood with zinc roofs and usually have 3-4 rooms including a kitchen in the back. According to their custom, children are not allowed to live at home after they are married, even if their homes have plenty of rooms. The father is the head of the home and is responsible for his wife and children. His wife and children must help provide for family needs. In principle, it is forbidden for Rejang men to have more than one wife (even though they are Muslims).The Rejang village is called a marga. Each village is considered an administrative area, which is controlled by a traditional chief (ginde) who is sometimes helped by an assistant (penggao). According to Rejang custom, local government officials are also considered to be traditional leaders. In several areas, these leaders are called raja penghulu. However, another leader who is considered of even greater influence than these is the eldest man in the village. He is called the tua dusun or tuai kutai, and his role is defined as the mediator in village affairs as well as the oldest c
eremonial leader.
The majority of the Rejang profess Islam. However, animism is an integral part of their daily life and beliefs. For example, a spirit called masumai is believed to be able to take the form of either tiger or a man and is the most frightening of all creatures for the Rejang.They believe strongly in the unseen world and a wide variety of different spirits with names such as semat, sebei sebeken, orang bunian, and roh padi (spirit of the rice). They use magic for a great range of purposes: to harm enemies who are far away, to make ritual oaths in secret places (including grave yards), and to practice divination at holy shrines.
Serawai Tribe 316.000
The Serawai people are a Melayu (Malay) people group that resides mainly in the following districts in the South Bengkulu Regency: Seluma, Pino, Talo, and Manna. Some Serawai people also live in the provincial capital, Bengkulu, and other cities in the province. They are among the poorest indigenous groups of interior Sumatera. To change their culture and adapt to modern life is difficult for them.Usually, Serawai people also call themselves Orang Selatan (People of the South), even though there are also Kaur and Pasemah people in this southern section of the province. The name Serawai comes from the word jawai meaning “fishing,” so that their name means “one who fishes” or “an angler.”The Serawai people live in separated villages and use the Serawai language, which consists of the Talo and Manna dialects.
The rural Serawai people live in “platform homes” raised on stilts. The space below the house is used for storage or for keeping domesticated animals. Homes are wooden, with roofs of palm thatch (with leaves or inner-bark). The villages are generally compact groups of homes situated along the roadside or riverbanks. On the upper front of the houses there are often sun-shaped drawings symbolizing the light of God. By custom, a Serawai home may not be directly across from the house of a sibling. The ancestral lines are drawn from both sides of the family. Determining a couple’s residence after marriage depends on the formal agreement (kulo) between the families of the couple. The majority of Serawai people live as rice farmers. To irrigate the rice fields, they depend on rainfall or a nearby river. Other crops grown include coffee, cloves, pepper, sugar palm, coconut, rattan, rubber trees, and gardens for fruits and vegetables. In recent times, many have migrated north to find larger fields with better irrigation. When crop failure occurs, they try farming in a different area of the province. Serawai villages that raise fish have recently experienced rapid growth. Many Serawai people also work as traders, civil servants, teachers, members of the military, construction workers, and day laborers.
Generally speaking, the Serawai people are Muslims, but their everyday life is influenced by old beliefs. They fear ma’sumai, a ferocious tiger that can assume human form, first attracting and then slaying its victims. They also perform ceremonies related to their agrarian lifestyle. Before planting, the seed is washed in the mendundang ceremony, and the newly harvested rice stalks are bound together during the nuruni ceremony. These are performed to show that the rice plants are properly respected, so that the roh (spirit) of the rice plants will not leave their fields, thus preventing future prosperous harvests. At times, the farmers offer a goat at the ancient grave sites/shrines.
 

 

Bengkulu Sumatra Enggano Gunung Nanu’a Game Reserve

Enggano Gunung Nanu’a Game Reserve

alt
Longitude (DD) 102.31438217
Latitude (DD) -5.46690368
Designation Game Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1978
IUCN Category VI
Documented Total Area (ha) 10.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 8.153
MOUNTAIN PARK BURU NANU’A
a. Location and Area
TB Nanu’a Mountain area of 10,000 ha, located in North Bengkulu Bengkulu Province. Seacara geographically located between 102 -ª 06’05 “- 102 -ª 24’15” BT and 05 -ª 17’43 “- 05 -ª 17’45” S.
b. Legal Status
TB Mount Nanu’a appointed by Decree of the Minister of Agriculture
No.741/Kpts/Um/11/1978 dated 1 November 1978
c. Potential Flora and Fauna
Flora; merbau (Instia sp.), Wood jambu (Eugenia sp.), Nehek (Litsea sp.), Abihu (Alstonia sp.), Rengas (Gluta Rengas), mangroves (Rhizopora), and fig (Ficus sp).
Fauna: wild boar (Sus sp.), Fox, wild buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), monitor lizard.
Imperial-pigeon, parrot, stork.
d. How to reach the location:
From Bengkulu (Pulau Baai) by boat to the island pioneers Enggano (14-19 hours) Malakoni port. Intensity 2-day ship all Bengkulu – Enggano-Malakono Island – Mount Nanu’a 6 -10 hours can be reached by way of charter boat By combing the beach, followed on foot by land.
e. Manager
BKSDA Bengkulu
Jln Mahogany No. 11 Bengkulu
Phone / Fax 0736 21697
Administratively, the island of Enggano located in North Bengkulu area. Sub Enggano, with the geographical position from 102.05 to 102.23 east longitude and 05.17 – 05.30 South latitude. Enggano Island area of approximately 40,000 ha, which consists of 6 villages, the village of Banjarsari, TechRepublic, Apoho, Malakoni, kana, and Kahyapu, Enggano District, North Bengkulu, Bengkulu Province, a district government center in the village of Apoho.

Enggano Island is one of the small island on the West Coast of Sumatra, which has a length of about 42 km and 16 km wide. Enggano island ecosystem conditions, in general, is still relatively good compared to other islands on the West Coast of Sumatra. Enggano island ecosystems have specific characteristics and is more vulnerable than mainland ecosystems. Little disturbance in one element of the existing ecosystem, will result in disruption of the entire ecosystem of the island.

Of the existing area, a population of 2462 Enggano soul, divided into 6 tribes, the Tribe Kaitora, Kauno Interest, Interest Kaaoha, Family Kaarubi, Kaaruba Tribe, and Tribal Kamai (arrivals). Spread in six villages: the Village Banjarsari (484 inhabitants), TechRepublic (502 inhabitants), Apoho (252 inhabitants), Malakoni (319 inhabitants), kana (476 inhabitants), and Kahyapu (429 inhabitants).

Typically, means of transportation used to transport the sea outside is, of Pilot boat, which docked at Pier Malakoni, and NMC King Enggano, which docked at Pier Kahyapu, and occasionally can also use the fishing boat (weight 16 tons), if public transportation impaired.

Appropriation Forest Area
Based on the Decree No. 420/kpts.II/1999 the designation of forest areas in the province of Bengkulu, Enggano Island has been divided into several function areas, namely forest conservation and production forests. Forest conservation of protected forest and natural reserve area of 1810.57 ha and forest area of 2191.78 Ha Production. Hunting Park and Mount Nanu’ua by the Minister of Agriculture No letter. 741/Kpts/Um/II/1978 30 November 1978 an area of 10,000 ha. In detail, the distribution area Enggano Island can be seen in Table below:

Table. Tata to forest areas and functions

No Forest Function Register Area (ha)
1 Upper Malakoni Limited Production Forest 99 2191.78
Buwa-2 Bukit Buwa Protected Forest 98 3450.00
3 Mountain Park Nanu’ua Buru 59 10,000.00
4 Bay Klowe Nature Reserve 96 331.23
Bahewo River 5 Nature Reserves 97 496.06
6 Kioyo I and II 100 305.00 Nature Reserve
7 Cape Laksaha Nature Reserve 95A 333.28
– Total – – 17,107.35

Forest
So far, the forest on the island of Enggano still traditionally managed on the basis of customary law. Forest products that have received public attention and managed and sold to other islands is only the result of non-timber forest, such as rattan. While timber forest products is relatively small. Itupun illegal. Forest damage occurred in the village of Banjar Sari Mek and due to land clearing for oil palm perkebuanan covering 1588.85 ha of ex PT EDP. The type of forest there is lots of wood in the forest, which can be utilized well and processed as home building materials, garden fences, and firewood as well as shade trees. Kinds of wood, according to Enggano language, among others: apua, Merbau, Bintangor, Nehek, Marang, Kiyahit, and Kasai.

However, the most favored by residents for building materials is a type of wood and merbau apua. As for the type of wood and Kasai Nehek more widely used for firewood and garden fence. While the results of non-timber forest used by the public is Nibung, Rattan, and Gnetum gnemon forest.

Current Conditions Enggano Island

(a) Crop Cultivation is Developed
In general, the cultivation of plants developed by indigenous peoples and immigrants in Enggano, can be grouped into two, namely the age of annual cash crops and seasonal crops. Hard or annual plants, in addition to produce direct, is also used as plant protectors. Communities like 8 types of plants a tree, namely: Gnetum gnemon, Clove, Cocoa, Coconut, Jengkol, forest Cempedak / Jackfruit, Breadfruit, and Mango.

Of the eight species are perennials, Gnetum gnemon is still a very desirable plant and a source of economic and have greater benefits than other plants. Because in addition to be sold directly, also can be processed to be made ’emping’ the price is relatively high. These plants are not familiar with season (continuous production), also does not require intensive care. These plants have very long known by the public.

Gnetum gnemon addition, new plants have been developed, the plant Cocoa (Chocolate), Cocoa plants easy to grow, the harvest faster, and the price is quite promising. Initially, the plant community developed Cocoa arrivals in the village of Banjar Sari. Currently, the cultivation of Cocoa by transmigration communities in the village Banjarsari, kana, and Kahyapu. Now, a total of Cocoa Plantation on the island of Enggano not less than 650 ha.

(b) appropriation of Nature Reserves
Opening of conservation forest in the island of Enggano already started to happen. The opening of a large scale, among other things, the Cape Nature Reserve Laksaha Reg 95 A in the village of River Kahabi Banjarsari and Borahia River or around the coordinates of E. 05o 18’49, 7 “S. 102o 08’35, 5 “.

Opening is done by the Bugis people who previously lived in Bengkulu. Recent field data (May, 2005), showed that approximately 40 head of household (KK), which is active in the nature reserve. With a broad ownership of 5-6 ha per family, crops Cacao (Brown) developed by the community.

In addition, large areas of Cape Nature Reserve Laksaha direct border with Banjarsari village settlements, especially the transmigration settlement. Seeing these conditions, the pressure on the activity and the need of land would threaten the sustainability of this region.

Conditions in the field showed, in addition to land clearing for plantations in this nature reserve, also happens logging Nibung high enough. Recorded logging Nibung (Oncosperma tigillaria), type of plants used for fences and poles (outside the Enggano Island), has occurred since 2002.

Illegal Logging) “> (c) Logging (Illegal Logging)
Logging and timber theft occurred in several places on the island of Enggano. Data field in May 2005, showed that there are two points of logging activities. First, in the Buru Nanu’a Reg Park and Nature Reserve 59 River Bahewo Reg 97. Place this logging, among other things, the British Interior Region 100 to 200 m from the shoreline around Sawang Mononio. While based on the position coordinates of points contained in E. 05o 29’49, 5 “S. 102o 21’56, 2 “Nanu’a Hunting Park area.

One of the environmental wrecking efforts Enggano Island are illegal logging, illegal logging, as happened in the Garden of Buru Nanu’a, Bengkulu (02.06).

While in Bahewo River Nature Reserve logging occurs in the blood border nature reserve area and villages around Kahyapu Transmigration Maon River. This logging chinesaw machine with timber species Merbau. This timber transported through the Port of using ships MI Kahyapu Elf King Enggano to Bengkulu. Not long ago, on May 29, 2005, through the port, Merbau wood transported as many as 5 M3’s Maksum, naval person in charge there. Based on some of the information society, transport of timber to Bengkulu this happens every boat departure to Bengkulu. In one week, the ship KM Enggano Elf King 2 The average commute time Enggano-Bengkulu. Thus, it can be expected that the number of Merbau timber from the island of Enggano each month to reach 40 M3.

 

Bengkulu Sumatra Gunung Rejang Lebong I/II Nature Reserve

Gunung Rejang Lebong I/II Nature Reserve, 

Click to Enlarge !

Rejang-Lebong_to-800

(Surat Keputusan) ZB. No. 36 stbl 465, 27 Agustus 1932. Luas areal 0,22 hektar.
Nature Reserve PAGAR MOUNTAIN I, II, III and IV
1. LEGAL STATUS
Based on the decree ZB. No. 36. Stbl. 465, date 27.8.1932

2. PHYSICAL CONDITION
Location
Fence Mountain Nature Preserve I, II, III located around the Musi river in the Village
Fence Mountain District Rejang Lebong Kepahiang Province
Bengkulu. Distance Mountain Nature Reserve I Fence to Fence Mountain Nature Reserve II
about 3 km and from the Nature Reserve of Mount I Fence to Fence Mountain Nature Reserve
III approximately 1.2 km. Fences Nature Reserve area of Mount I 0.036 ha Nature Reserve Fence
Mountain II and 0.160 ha Nature Preserve Mountain Fence III 0.849 ha. Potential natural
owned nature reserve is a Rafflesia flower habitat. Size
0.21 Ha keselurahan
Topography
State forest area topography flat to undulating
the slope of 5% -10%, while the type of soil is andosol.
Climate
The classification according to type of climate Schimidt and Ferguson is the type A.
Accessibility
With public transportation / private from Bengkulu-Curup down in the village of Fence
Mountain about 70 km, from the village to the location of fences Mountain natural reserve on foot.

3. POTENTIAL FOR FLORA AND FAUNA
Flora and fauna
Flora that grows around the area of CA. Fences Mount III namely: Reflesia: CA.
Fences Mount IV and V is the habitat of Interest Bangkai (Amorpopallus
Titanum).

4. GEOGRAPHICAL, ADMINISTRATION
Geographically Fence Mountain Nature Reserve III Located between 3 -ª 27 ’03 “–
03 -ª 27 ’05 “S 102 -ª 32′ 26” longitude.
Geographically Fencing Mountain Nature Reserve IV and V is located between 3 -ª 36 ‘
28 “- 03 -ª 36 ’30” S 102 -ª 32′ 23 “- 102 -ª 32 ’26” longitude.
government administration including the region:
Sub Kepahyang Rejang Lebong.
Includes sub-section of work area Rejang Lebong sub KSDA KSDA Bengkulu.
Communications: can be reached by four-wheeled vehicles up to
Village Fence Mountain.
Manager
BKSDA Bengkulu
Jl. Mahanani No. 11
Bengkulu
Tel. [0736] 21,697

Bengkulu Sumatra Gunung Patah Bepagut, Muara Duakisim Protection Forest

Gunung Patah Bepagut, Muara Duakisim Protection Forest

Longitude (DD) 103.45025345
Latitude (DD) -4.26860991
Designation Protection ForestPatah-Bepagut_tone
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1936
IUCN Category VI
Documented Total Area (ha) 91.655
GIS Total Area (ha) 58.703

Bengkulu Sumatra Benakat Nature Recreation Park

Benakat Nature Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 102.23106552
Latitude (DD) -3.59133668
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1991
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.122