North Sulawesi Birding at Lake Tondano

North Sulawesi Birding at Lake Tondano


Circus assimilis, Spotted Harrier, Elang rawa Tutul


Near Manado and good for waterbirds and migrant raptors.

Key bird species:

Spotted Harrier; Comb-crested Jacana

Birdwatching locations:

Lake Tondano is a natural freshwater lake about 2 hrs drive south of Manado. The north-west and south sides of the lake hold some nice wetland areas, where rice paddy blends into marshland. At the right times of year there can be quite a lot of waders in this area, and Spotted Harrier is occasionally seen. The reed and vegetation fringes edges of the lake also hold Comb-crested Jacana.

To birdwatch at Lake Tondano there are two options. The first is simply to drive around the lake stopping anywhere that looks interesting. The second is to hire a small boat and birdwatch from the lake-side. You will probably see different species using either approach, so those that are interested and have time could do both in a day.

Access and Accommodation:

Lake Tondano is a popular local weekend spot, and easy to access. From Manado take a car, taxi or bus to the town of Tomohon on the lake’s northern shore. To get a boat, make your way to the lakeside and there are lots of boats for hire (by the hour, half day, day etc). To reach the rice paddy areas and wetlands, either drive anti-clockwise around the lake, or take an ojek (motorbike taxi) south-west out of Tomohon and get dropped in the first wetland area indicated on the map. From there just wander around and back again – about 2km. To reach the rice paddy/wetland area at the southern end, catch a minibus to Langowan (the town at the southern end) and repeat the process with an ojek as above. If you only had time to visit one end or the other, the northern wetlands are probably the best, in particular the road marked ‘wetland and rice paddy’ on the map near Tomohon.

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North Sulawesi, Birding at Gunung Mahawu

North Sulawesi, Birding at Gunung Mahawu


Just outside Manado and a great spot for Scaly Kingfisher.Accipiter rhodogaster, Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk,

Key bird species:

Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk; Metallic Pigeon; Speckled Hawk-Owl; Scaly Kingfisher; Purple-winged Roller; Pale-blue Monarch; Chestnut-backed Bush-Warbler; Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher; Sulphur-bellied Whistler

Birdwatching locations:

Gunung Mahawu is a forested volcano about 1.5 hrs drive south of Manado, above the town of Tomohon. It is a readily accessible spot which holds some interesting species, most notable Scaly Kingfisher, for which it is one of the easiest and most reliable sites (but be warned, that doesn’t make it automatic!).

The mostly commonly visited birding location at Gunung Mahawu is a track that leads to the crater summit. This used to be a dirt track, then a footpath, but has now been surfaced almost as far as the crater. Take the main (properly surfaced) road east of Tomohon (see map below), follow it up the hill almost to its highest point, and then look out for the access track on the left. It crosses open fields for a few hundred meters, and then enters degraded forest. From here the trail continues all the way to the summit (a further 2 km). Birdwatching is good all along the track, especially in several densely wooded gullies along the way. Scaly Kingfisher is often seen or heard in the lower sections on this path. A tape is useful, and it may persuade birds to call back or approach. They wont typically break cover, and they will usually be close to the ground (1-3m). They have also been known to approach a tape silently, so seeing them can still requires some skill and luck!

Other nice birds commonly seen along the track include the Sulawesi endemic Pale-blue Monarch (split from Black-naped Monarch) and endemic Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher (split from Mangrove Blue-Flycatcher). Chestnut-backed Bush-Warblers abound on the higher sections. At night Sulawesi Scops-Owl is everyhwere, and occasionally Speckled and Ochre-bellied Hawk-Owls can be heard (and seen..).

Another site to try for Scaly Kingfisher in further on the western flank of Gunung Mahawu, in the grounds of the Alamanda Resort. The Alamanda is a kind of religious retreat, with beautiful grounds surrounded by nice forest. It is free to enter (a donation is welcomed) and if you check it is OK at the entrance gate, you are free to wander around inside. If you follow the entrance road in towards the main building (accommodation block, canteen etc), and then follow it around and descend a bit towards a gate, an obvious foot path heads up the hill into forest on the left. If you follow this path you can see many of the same birds as above, and after about 1 km it enters good habitat for Scaly Kingfisher. If you continue on the entrance road beyond the gate, it descends to an open area with a chapel and grotto etc. The open area is surrounded on all sides by nice forest, so this can be a good spot to view canopy species, including pigeons.

Access and Accommodation:

By car or taxi from Manado, drive first to Tomohon, and then follow the roads on the map below to reach either the summit trail, or the Alamanda Resort.

By public transport take a bus from Manado to Tomohon, and then probably easiest to get an ojek (motorbike taxi) to either site. Make sure to arrange a pick up time before the guy leaves if you want to avoid a long walk back to town! To get an ojek to the summit trail, ask for the village of Rurukan (where Sir Alfred Russell Wallace lived for a while!) and the turn off is just before it. Minibuses may also ply the route to Rurukan too, as an alternative.

To enter Alamanda it is usually ok just to turn up at the entrance gate. If you wanted to try contacting them in advance they do have a web-site here.

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North Sulawesi Gunung Ambang, Birding

North Sulawesi  Gunung Ambang, Birding


Ninox squamipila, Moluccan Boobook, Pungguk Maluku


Montane birding in north Sulawesi. Not as many species as Lore Lindu, but a few things are easier to see here.

Key bird species:

Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle; Bare-faced Rail; Cinnabar Hawk-Owl; Speckled Hawk-Owl; Pale-blue Monarch; Matinan Flycatcher; Malia; Fiery-browed Myna

Birdwatching locations:

Gunung Ambang in one of a range of mountains to the east of the city of Kotamobagu, about 5-6 hrs drive west of Manado. Some good forest remains on the hill tops, at altitudes of between 1,000 and about 1,700 m. Gunung Ambang used to form part of Bogani Nani Wartabone (Dumoga Bone) National Park, but now forms a nature reserve in its own right. Despite the protected status the forest is pretty degraded, and illegal logging continues virtually unchecked. Despite the degraded state of forests on the lower slopes, Gunung Ambang remains an excellent site to go birding, not least for the chance to see Bare-faced Rail, Cinnabar Hawk-Owl, Matinan Flycatcher and a species of Muscicapa flycatcher that is not yet fully described (“Sulawesi Flycatcher”).

Access to the birding is via the city of Kotamaobagu, and then the village of Sinsingon. From here there is a walk across potato fields and clove plantations of around 2km, before the trail enters forest and heads up. The trail then rises another couple of kilomteres, with many side trails branching off left and right. Birding can quite good for common and open-country birds on the walk in, but gets better when the path starts to lie alongside the forested slopes of the hills above. Here at the forest edge you can see Malia, Fiery-browed Myna and occasionally the sought after flycatchers. Once the trail enters the forest things just get better. In addition to more of the above, this is the best spot to look (and listen) for Cinnabar Hawk-owl at night, and it is along here that Bare-faced Rail has been seen.

Access and Accommodation:

To get to Gunung Ambang, travel first to Kotamobagu (by car, bus etc). From there you need to head towards the village of Sinsingon, up in the hills to the east of the city. By car this is straightforward, just follow the winding road up (through quite good forest in places…) until it comes out at Sinsingon Village, just beyond the highest point. By public transport make your way to the bus terminal ‘Sinsingon-Ambang’ in Kotamobagu, and get a minibus from there to Sinsingon.

When you arrive in Sinsingon aim for the house of Pak Julius, the local forestry department ranger. Just ask anyone in the village to direct you. You will need to report to Pak Julius before you enter the forest, and he can also guide you to the site, and is pretty good at finding birds. It is also usually possible to stay at Pak Julius’ house, or if it is not possible, he may be able to help you with an alternative (in someone else’s house!). If you don’t want to stay in Sinsingon itself, it is also easy enough to visit Gunung Ambang as a day trip from Kotamobagu, where there are numerous hotels to suit all budgets.

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North Sulawesi, Birding on Sangihe, Talaud & Siau

North Sulawesi, Birding on Sangihe, Talaud & Siau


Aethopyga duyvenbodei, Elegant Sunbird, Burungmadu Sangihe


The string of islands off north Sulawesi including Sangihe, Siau and Talaud are not so easy to get to, but loads of great endemics await those who try it.

Key bird species:

Talaud Bush-hen; Talaud Rail; Grey Imperial-Pigeon; Red-and-blue Lory; Blue-naped Parrot; Azure-rumped Parrot; Sangihe Hanging-Parrot; Sangihe Scops-Owl; Talaud Kingfisher; Red-bellied Pitta; Cerulean Paradise-Flycatcher; Rufous Paradise-Flycatcher; Golden Bulbul; Gray’s Warbler; Sangihe Shrike-Thrush; Everett’s White-eye; Sangihe White-eye; Elegant Sunbird

Birdwatching locations:

The three main islands of Sangihe, Siau and Talaud each have their own attractions, so they are considered here in turn.


The island of Sangihe probably has the most to offer to the visiting birder who is short of time. It is relatively easy to get to and has some excellent accessible birding. All of the endemics, bar the mysterious Sangihe White-eye, can be seen in 1-2 days birding.

The place to head first is the village of Lelipang, near Tamoko. From here you can access the slopes of Gunung Sahengbalira where all of the endemics are found. From the village up you have a chance at two of the more widespread endemics: Sangihe Hanging-Parrot and Elegant Sunbird. For a chance at Cerulean Paradise-Flycatcher your best bet is get a guide from Lalipang (see below) and head into one of several shady woody gullies above the village. These gullies are the preferred habitat of the flycatcher, which can often be seen accompanying squirrels through the canopy! Next you need to head higher, onto the ridge of Gunung Sahengbalira to pick up the last of the day-time endemics, Sangihe Shrike-Thrush. These can be found in the low and mid-storey of the ridge-top forest. Climbing up and down from the ridge makes for a tough day’s birding, but the rewards are there. Look out anywhere in the forest for Sangihe White-eye, however it is many years now since one has been seen. Sangihe Scops-Owl is pretty widespread on the island, and in addition to seeing them at the sites above, they can be heard and seen from many locations around the coast road.


Getting all the endemics on Talaud is quite a tall order, and probably requires a stay of several days. Natural forest is much more extensive on this island, giving a greater range of sites to try, and also allowing plenty of scope for exploration.

A good site to try first for an introduction to Talaud is to the north of the town of Beo. Following the coast road for a few km brings you to a large box-girder bridge over a river. Paths follow the river on both banks and soon enter nice forest. Here you have a chance at the local variation on Red-bellied Pitta (a candidate for species status), the three Tanygnathus parrots, Red-and-Blue Lory, Rufous Paradise-Flycatcher and Talaud Kingfisher.

Also close to Beo, to the south-east, are some forested slopes that have much of the above, and also a chance at the recently described Talaud Rail. A track heads in towards a spring in one location, passing through some wet and swampy patches of forest along the way. This track could be worth an early morning walk to have a chance at the rail, that otherwise only ever seems to be seen as chance roadside drive-bys!

For the more adventurous, a trip to the forested interior is a good one. Several sites are accessible from the cross-island road heading east from Beo towards the village of Rainis on the east coast. Taking a path in from across the big river, that the road passes by after a few km, soon brings you to nice condition forest on the ridges and slopes above. The path leaves from the vicinity of the village of Bengel, if you need something to aim for. Here you have a chance at Talaud Bush-hen, although it is easier to hear than see. The forest also has many of the same birds as above, plus Everett’s White-eye and Grey Imperial Pigeon can be seen. There is also a Red-and-Blue Lory communal roost tree in this area, where you can see the amazing spectacle of hundreds of lorys coming to roost in the evening. You can visit this area as a long day trip from Beo, or camp out for an extended stay.


The main attraction on Siau is the critically endangered and almost virtually unknown Siau Scops-Owl. This remains only known from the type specimen, but in 2007 a recording was made of a owl that may well be it. The location the recording was made is on the road rising up from behind the town of Ulu (and eventually crossing the island), just beyond an obvious old lava flow. The owl was heard here again in 2008, but remains unseen. While birding at night in Siau make the most of the spectacular volcano, the summit of which glows red at night, and don’t be surprised by the frequent earth tremors!!

Access and Accommodation:

Each of the islands is served by boat from Manado, plus Sangihe and Talaud are occasionally served by plane, also from Manado. The standard ‘slow’ boats all run at night, and separate boats serve each island. They usually depart three times a week, going out one night and coming back the next, and take Sunday off. By the slow boat from Manado it is around 6-7 hours to Siau, 8-10 hours to Sangihe, 12-14 hours to Talaud. The boats are comfortable, if you can get yourself one of the top deck cabins, and are generally pretty sea-worthy! On Talaud it is most easy to get off the boat as soon as it lands on the mainland at Melonguane, and then take a ojek north to the town of Beo which is the best base. The boat makes the journey too, but it will take you several hours longer to get there. Repeat this trick in reverse when it is time to leave to save yourself some more time.

There is also a ‘fast’ boat to Sangihe (that sometimes stops in Siau on the way). This also runs three times a week, but travels by day. The boat has pretty comfortable airplane style seats, and cuts the journey to Sangihe down to about 6-7 hours.

Unfortunately getting boats from one island to the next is pretty unreliable. You could ask around in the relevant ports for information on boats that may be available, but it is safer to expect to have to return to Manado each time and take the normal routes. To get find out the latest boat schedules, to book a ticket, and to get on a boat, head to the docks in Manado. The ticket offices are along the street opposite the ‘Hotel Celebes’, and the boats themselves board from just behind the offices. You are unlikely to need to book in advance, unless you are planning to travel during a holiday period (like Christmas or Easter).

Scheduled flights to Sangihe and Talaud seem to come and go. The airline most likely to run the routes is ‘Wings’, a subsidiary of Lion Air. You’d need to ask a travel agent or at the airport in Manado to find out what is on offer at the time of your visit. If flights are running, they are not usually daily, so the overnight boats still present the easiest way of getting to the islands.

For Sangihe there are several basic hotels in Tahuna, but a better base is in the village of Lelipang at the Rainbow Losmen. This is also the place to hook up with the best local guide, Wesley Pangimangen (+6281523847827;, who can show you around and show you all the birds.

For Talaud there is nice (basic) hotel in Beo known as ‘Penginapan Meysan’. The best guide for all sites on Taluad is Michael Wangko (+6285240002341; He used to work for BirdLife International, so knows his stuff. If he is not available there is another guy, based in Bengel (near the roosting tree mentioned above) who you could try: Anto Galluh (+6285256312264).

You may be advised to report to the police when you arrive in Talaud just to let them know you are there, as it is a remote border area and security is a bit tighter than Sangihe. They may even be waiting at the ferry port, and ask you to report. Just explain that you are there birding, and will use local guides, and you shouldn’t have any problems. The main police office is in Melonguane, where you will probably get off the ferry, so this is convenient to do on your way in.

On Siau there is accommodation in a couple of simple hotels in the town of Ulu where the ferry stops, of which the ‘Jakarta Hotel’ is probably the nicest. There are no birding guides as such on Siau, but you should have no problem hiring an ojek (motorbike taxi) and driver for the evening (to look for owls), and people will probably realise what you are up to. You might not find anyone that speaks any English on Siau, so a bit of Indonesian would be useful.

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North Sulawesi Agriculture Tour 7 days 6 nights

 North Sulawesi Agriculture Tour 7 days 6 nights


Day One – Arrival. Transfer To Tomohon. Short Tomohon Tour.
After pick up from the airport, towards to Tomohon. Have a sightseeing of Tomohon allure and then have dinner at local restaurant before reach the resort. You may have spare time when arrive at the resort and prepare yourself for the next day schedule.
Day Two – Visit Rurukan (Agro Tourism Village) & Other Local Farms.
After breakfast, we go directly to Rurukan, the agro tourism village and spend the whole day visiting nearby local farms. Lunch will be serving at the site where you may feel the rural ambience surround, and mingle with the local people will be a distinctive fun. After the energized tour, we’ll have Minahasa cuisine for your dinner at local restaurant somewhere in town. Then return to resort to overnight.
Day Three – Visit Modoinding (Agro Tourism Village).
Our second agro tourism village destination is Modoinding. After breakfast we approach Modoinding located in southern of North Sulawesi. On the way to Modoinding, we stop by at Amurang to have lunch. The road trip will spend most of the day time so you better have some rest when you arrive at homestay. Dinner will be served at the homestay.
Day Four – Agriculture Production Watch Tour.
After breakfast we will take you to some of the agriculture production to see the activities in field particularly and also have lunch with the farmers. After lunch you may continue the tour. Return to homestay before dark to have dinner then overnight.
Day Five – Back To Manado & Go To Bunaken. Island Relaxation.
After the whole exploration of the agro tour, we will then move to Manado and have lunch at local restaurant. After lunch we go directly to Bunaken. The next schedule is free program; you may choose whether you want to relax yourself. Dinner will be provide at your resort in Bunaken and then overnight.
Day Six – Bunaken Glass Bottom Boat Tour
Breakfast will be served at the resort when you are up, and afterwards, the glass bottom boat is ready to take you sightseeing around the island. Return to the resort for lunch and free program subsequently. You’ll have your dinner at the resort.
Day Seven – Transfer To Airport. Departure.
After breakfast ready to be transferred to the airport.

Bird Watching 7 days 5 nights


Day 01 – Arrival – Transfer To Kotamobagu
After pick up from the airport we go directly to Kotamobagu with approximately 3 hours drive. Dinner will be served at local restaurant in Kotamobagu, and then we drive to the cottage in Doloduo to overnight.

Day 02 – Bird Watching at Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park
After breakfast, we go together with the local ranger to Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park where you may observe many of the tropical birds and indigenous in North Sulawesi. After some hours, return to cottage to have lunch and continue bird watching at 2.30 pm till dusk then return to hotel to have dinner and overnight.

Day 03 – Maleo Bird Watching at Tambun Village
After breakfast, we will go for bird watching at Tambun village, at the photo spot tower to view the Maleo birds. After that we return to cottage to have lunch, and then continue the bird watching until dusk. Dinner will be served at the cottage.

Day 04 – Back To Manado. City Tour. Hotel Chck in.
We will go directly to Manado right after breakfast. On the way to Manado we could stop by at some places if you need to take pictures. After have lunch in Manado, we will take on a short city tour to the oldest Buddhist Temple in Manado, National Museum, and to some shopping centers. We will drop you to your hotel in Manado to have dinner and overnight.

Day 05 – Bunaken Sightseeing. Back To Manado & Drive To Tangkoko.
Early after breakfast, we will go to Bunaken and get a sightseeing of the coral reefs by glass bottom boat. Lunch is provided at local resort in Bunaken, then you may have some leisure time to swim on the beach or just relax before we go back to Manado by boat. From Manado we will go to Tangkoko directly to the resort to have dinner and overnight.

Day 07 – Bird Watching in Tangkoko. Back To Manado. Spa.
Early morning after breakfast, we go directly to Tangkoko National Park for half day bird watching and jungle trekking. Return to cottage to have lunch at noon and then we will drive you to Manado to art and handicraft shops or any shopping center in Manado you requested. After the exhausted trip, you may want to relax yourself in a spa. Then return to cottage in Tangkoko to have dinner and overnight.

Day 07 – Transfer To Manado/Departure.
On last day of the tour you may have some leisure time after breakfast and then we will transfer you to the airport whenever you’re ready.

Overland Trans – Sulawesi

Day 1: Upon arrival at Sam Ratulangi Airport Manado, meeting service and transfer to Bunaken Island or Siladen Island. (stay overnight in cottage)
Day 2: Bunaken – Siladen Island
Orientation: Dolphin Tour, Snorkeling or Diving as your own optional interest. Lunch will be served in the boat or in the cottage.
Day 3: Bunaken – Manado – Tomohon
Return to Manado by boat, then winding drive through mountains to Tomohon. Orientation:
Minahasa Highland Tour:
– Climb up Volcano Mountain.
– Visit Lake Tondano, the largest lake in the North Sulawesi.
– Spend afternoon at the highly sulphurous and colorful lake Linow.
Lunch will be served at floating restaurant over Tondano lake. (stay overnight at Home stay or Resort in Tomohon)
Day 4: Tomohon – Tangkoko Reserve
The trip continues. It takes two hour drive by minibus to Tangkoko nature reserve. Orientation:
– Late evening walk into the park to see the smallest mammal on earth; (Tarsius Spectrum).
– Walk around to see the black Macaca Nigra (a group of Sulawesi Monkey). (stay overnight at Homestay)
Day 5: Tangkoko – Manado – Gorontalo
Overland tour, 8 – 10 hour drive along the coast and winding through mountains.
Lunch will be served at local restaurant on the way. (stay overnight at hotel in Gorontalo).
Remarks: We can travel by air on this section if road is closed.
Day 6: Gorontalo – Moutong
The trip continues 6 to 8 hour drive along north coast of Tomini bay. We will see Bajou ethnic group (Gypsy group) who build simple houses over a reef. Lunch will be served at local restaurant on the way. (stay overnight at Home stay or Los men in Moutong)
Day 7: Moutong – Tinombo (Central Sulawesi)
It takes 4 – 5 hour around Tomini bay the town of Tinombo. Check-in at Homestay near the town. Orientation :
– Visit Lauje tribe over the hills.
– Enjoy their live traditional music made from bamboos, and woods.
– Also we can learn how to use blow-pipe, shoot a right target.
The Lauje tribe likes traveling through the hills and mountains. Especially the men often carry blow-pipe as their traditional weapon for hunting wild animals. Also it is a defense for themselves. Meanwhile the women gather local food. They travel, how to get wild cocks or wild hens in forest for their hobbies only. There are several parts of this ethnic group still living in a primitive life, far away from villages, no school at all.
They plant crops such as; coconut, cocoa, clove, corn, cassava, and sweat potatoes as their main food. Late evening we will return to the Home stay for stay overnight. Lunch and Dinner will be served at Tinombo.
Day 8: Tinombo – Kasimbar
Continue driving two hours to Kasimbar, another small town at Parimo regency.
Lunch will be served at Floating Restaurant (sea food). After that we will visit Pulau Kelelawar (Bat Island), because late evening a thousand of Bat is flying over the island, and morning all of them are hanging body over the trees, having rest. It’s interesting to see. We will return to Kasimbar to have dinner and for staying overnight at simple hotel or homestay. We can enjoy Tajio tribe performance while we are having dinner. That ethnic group will present an amazing sound without music instrument like tamborine or drum. It’s presented and created by clapping hands group of people. They are a very good skill on music. Second life performance music designed from leafs and wood, very pretty sound and easy listening, it’s called Tingkobi. Kasimbar district is a very interesting place to visit, especially for the cultural and life of the people.
Day 9: Kasimbar and Its Surroundings
Still doing a tour around Kasimbar district. Visit transmigration villages, Balinese was sent by Indonesian government in 1970.
Remarks: If you do not have much time on visiting Bali, you can enjoy Balinese art performance and cultural on this area. There are plenty of temple in Kasimbar district.
Meet Pendau tribe occupies the hills. Visit Cave, Waterfall and hot spring. Second overnight in same place.
Day 10: Kasimbar – Tambu – Palu , Donggala
The trip continues winding drive through mountains to the west and along the coast down to Palu valley on wards to Donggala. On the way We will see local people who make simple mattress (Hand-Sewn). Stay overnight at resort or cottage near white sandy beach on tanjung karang. (Dinner, Breakfast, Lunch, Included)
Day 11: Donggala / Tanjung Karang Beach
Relaxing day: Snorkelling and diving as your own optional interests. Second overnight in same place.
Day 12: Donggala and It’s Surrounding
Relaxing day: Snorkelling or diving as your own optional interests. Afternoon trip around Donggala area. Third overnignt in same place.
Day 13: Donggala – Pakuli – Dombu – Palu
We will continue trip,drive to Pakuli village to see Maleo bird and its nesting ground, an endemic bird of Sulawesi, it’s egg bigger five times than hen’s egg.After having lunch winding drive through mountains to Dombu where we can see Da’a tribe who occupy Gawalise hill. It’s a nice place, cold and misty sometimes(300m-1300m from the sea level). Some part of Da’a family is still building simple houses over the trees. We will meet the kids using blow pipe as their toys over the hills. Late evening We will return to Palu to have dinner and stay overnight in the hotel Palu city.
Day 14: Palu – Kebun Kopi – Tentena
Continue driving through mountains to Kebun Kopi where we can see beautiful forest ,local people sell green vegetables and fruits on the street. Kebun kopi means ” Coffee plantation”. Onwards drive along the cost via Poso and heading to Tentena town. Stay overnight in hotel near Poso lake.
Day 15: Tentena and Its Surroundings
Orientation: Visit Poso lake,bancea orchid park and beautiful Saluopa waterfall
(12 levels).
Day 16: Tentena-Bada valley
Overland by 4 Wheel Drive (Jeep) on the dirt road, takes 4-6 hour to Bada valley. It’s a fun adventure trip during our tour in Sulawesi. Afternoon trip, visiting megaliths statues around Bada valley. Stay overnight at homestay.
Day 17: Bada valley
Tour around Bada valley. Still visiting Megalith statues,a thousand years old,No one knows exactly the story,and they’re still mysterious to cover. Meet native people who make bark cloths made from ficus (fig trees). That material has been using for many years. Second overnight at the homestay.
Day 18: Bada valley – Tentena
We will return to Tentena,overland by jeep takes 4-6 hour drive. Stay overnight in hotel near Poso lake.
Day 19: Tentena – Toraja Land
Continue driving through mountains, along the coast to south Sulawesi. Late evening will arrive in Rantepao, is a town in Tanah toraja (Toraja land). Stay overnight in hotel near the town.
Day 20: Toraja and its Surroundings (South Sulawesi)
Orientation: Hiking around Toraja Land, visit villages, etc. Lunch en route. Second overnight in same place.
Day 21: Toraja and its Surroundings
Orientation: Visit native people of Torajan.
Remarks: If the timing is right we can see funeral or burial ceremony of Torajan. Third overnight in same place.
Day 22: Toraja – Sengkang
A 4 hour drives down to a pleasant town, Sengkang. Orientation: Visit lake Tempe, it’s a shallow lake fringed by wetlands, with floating houses and magnificent birdlife. Visit silk workshop (silk weaving)in remote village. Lunch en route. Stay overnight in hotel near Sengkang town.
Day 23: Sengkang – Makassar
Full day of driving along the coast, winding through mountains. Lunch will be served on the way. Stay overnight in hotel near Makassar city.
Day 24 Makassar and its Surroundings
Relaxing day: a short day trip. Do laundry, email, phone calls, etc. Second overnight in same place.
Day 25 Makassar – Airport

Round Trip Sulawesi 21Days/20Nights

Bugis – Toraja – Poso Lake – Togian Island – Minahasa Highland – Bunaken

Day 01 : Airport – Makassar ( L D ) : Arrival in Makassar, Visiting Traditional Port, Fort Rotterdam, Orchid Flowers, lunch and dinner at local restaurant, transfer to your hotel.
Day 02 : Makassar – Sengkang – Pare Pare
After take breakfast at hotel, our guide will pick you for Pare-Pare via Sengkang, drive 4 – 5 hours by land, we will visit prehistoric cave and possible to see monkey forest en National Park in Camba. Continue to Sengkang, after lunch at local restaurant you’ll embark on a tour Tempe Lake and take a view a floating house, when we back from the lake will visit a Buginese home industries to watch demonstration of traditional silk weaving. Continue to Pare – Pare with a 3 hours by drive by car, directly transfer to the hotel.
Day 03 : Pare pare – Toraja
After breakfast at your hotel, drive to Toraja land will take a rest in Puncak Lakawan with a mountain view called ” Erotic Mountain” by local people. In the afternoon we will arrive at Rantepao ( a touristy place in Toraja ) directly check in to your choice hotel.
Day 04 : Toraja Tour
This the day excursion around Tana Toraja entails visits to various ancient villages; lemo, which is famous for its stone grave as well as for its beautiful Toraja house; kete Kesu Pallawa, a traditional village rich in local handicrafts; Londa, where the dead buried with ceremonies invoking reincarnation; the business places handicrafts Rantepao, Enjoy lunch during the tour and return to your hotel for dinner and overnight stay
Day 05 : Toraja Tour
You’ll spend the day exploring more of Tana Toraja, learning about the costumes and traditions of several tribes sprawled throughout the region.
Day 08 : Toraja Optional Tour (Rafting = 55 USD / Trekking 35 USD)
In this free program. you can explore Toraja with special interest tour with Rafting or Trekking around the village to see way of life the Torajan poeple.
Day 09 : Toraja – Pendolo/Lake Poso
After breakfast at hotel Leaving TORAJA for PENDOLO Some stops on the way for the nice views . Arrive in Pendolo direclty check-in at MULIA POSO LAKE HOTEL for overnight and dinner.
Day 10 : Pendolo/Lake Poso – Tentena
We can start our journey after having breakfast . By public boat while crossing the Poso lake and surrounding mountains . This trip takes for hours . Lunch will be served in Tentena in the afternoon , check – in a hotel for overnight .
Day 11 : Tentena – Bada Valley ( B, L, D ) : After breakfast at hotel, by Chartered jeep to Bada valley.
Day 12 : Bada Valley Walking ( B, L, D ) : Walking tour in Bada Valley for birding, antique megalithic.
Day 13 : Bada Valley – Tentena ( B, L, D ): After breakfast at local house, by Chartered jeep back to Tentena
Day 14 : Tentena – Ampana ( B, L, D ): After breakfast at hotel, direct transfer to AMPANA with approximately 08 hours drive passing through POSO town. Lunch enroute, and proceed to AMPANA for your accommodation and dinner.
Day 15 : Ampana – Togian Island ( B, L, D ): After breakfast Take a drive to the pear and then take a boat to sail to WAKAI ISLAND as the transit island to continue to KADIDIRI ISLAND. Lunch boxes provided in this cruising journey. Arrive in KADIDIRI ISLAND directly check-in at BUNGALOWS for overnight and dinner.
Day 16 – 17 – 18 : Togian Island ( B, L, D ) : Breakfast at hotel . FREE programmed with your leisure, activity trekking, island trip, snorkeling or diving, could be arranged in your hotel. Lunch, dinner and overnight at BUNGALOW
Day 19 : Togian Island – Ampana – Luwuk ( B, L, D )
After breakfast, take a boat for crossing to Ampana on our arrivel in Ampana will take lunch. After lunch continue to Luwuk drive 4 – 5 hours by car.
Day 20 : Luwuk – Manado – Tomohon
After breakfast at hotel, transfer to the airport and flight with your guide to Manado, directly transfer to Tomohon / Minahasa Highland directly transfer to hotel. Afternoon free program.
Day 21: Tomohon – Tangkoko ( B, L, D ) : After breakfast at hotel (check-out hotel) Tranfer to Manado approximately 01 hours drive-trip. On the way stop at TINOOR to view the entire city of Manado and Bunaken island from this Hill-Top point. Arrive in Manado, stop for lunch and after lunch, proceed to TANGKOKO NATURE RESERVE. Late afternoon, arrive in Tangkoko directly check-in at RANGER HOMESTAY for your accommodation. Before dark, take a walk into this nature reserve park to see the TARCIUS SPECTRUM, the smallest monkey in the world, and besides this protected animal, you can also see the HORNBILL and BLACK MONKEYS ( macaca nigra ), cus-cus. Back to HOMESTAY for overnight and dinner.
Day 22 : Tangkoko – Manado – Bunaken ( B, L, D ) : After breakfast at homestay Transfer to MANADO, Arrive in Manado directly take a boat for BUNAKEN
Day 23 – 24 : Bunaken ( B, L, D ) : Breakfast at hotel . FREE programme with your leisure, activity trekking, island trip, snorkeling or diving, could be arranged in your hotel. Lunch , dinner and overnight at BASTIANOS BUNGALOW
Day 24 : Bunaken – Manado
Free at your time in the island, proceed transfer to Manado for city tour after check in to hotel.
Day 25 : Manado – Out
After breakfast transfer to the airport for your flight to your next destination.
Note : The International flight Manado to Singapore every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday with SILK AIR at 07.40

Tangkoko Nature Explore


Exciting overnight trip for nature lovers, trekkers, and anyone who likes the outdoors

DAY 01 (1-2 PM) Transfer by Safari Tours bus or AC 4 pax vehicle to Nature Reserve. The 2-hour drive to the 9000-hectare National Park is quite scenic as we pass through small villages. Upon arrival, immediately check in to Mama Roos Homestay or equivalent. You will then be guided by local forest rangers (and Safari staff) in search of the Black Crested Macaque (Black Monkey indigenous to North Sulawesi), hornbills, and couscous as well as other fauna specific to the reserve. Depending on what time it gets dark, we will head into the denser part of the jungle as the sun is setting, where you will (most likely) be able to get photographs of the Tarsier Spectrum (the world’s smallest primate). After it is completely dark and the Tarsier have departed for their nightly foraging, we head back to the homestay for a basic traditional dinner. Overnight – dinner

DAY 02 Rising early, you will again hike into the forest with local rangers where you will have the best opportunity to view more birds and certainly the Black Crested Macaque as these monkeys are earlier risers and are searching out food along the coastline at Tangkoko. After several hours it’s back to the homestay for a traditional breakfast and prepare to go back to Manado. Arrive in Manado between 9 -11 AM. – Breakfast

– North Sulawesi, Minahasa, Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations and Tribes

 North Sulawesi

Minahasa, Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations and Tribes 

Click to Enlarge !

Minerals, Mining,, gold, copper, Iron, Zinc, Sulawesi, minahasa, gorontalo, Nature Reserves, Minerals and Mining, Plantations

Goods Mine which is explored and exploitation is gold, sand go out to sea the, iron ore, iron sand, limestone and manganese. Besides big company, people or business activity referred in ordinary mining illegal of CASE (Gold Mine of without Permit) also partake to enliven the effort mining in this province. About 7,250 CASE is gone the round of Regency of Balaang Mangondow, Regency of Minahasa South Arch, Regency of Minahasa North, Regency of Minahasa and Regency Sangihe.

To fulfill electrics requirement, governmental have developed the evocation of electrics of geothermal power (PLTP) Lahending, with the capacities attached by equal to 80 MW and start to operate since 2006. Experienced resource of earth heat in this time circulate wide in society of because relative more free.

Mine Companies

Desa Toraget
Mount Sibayak, Brastagi,
Pani prospect, Gorontalo Province
Tapadaa Cu deposit, Gorontalo Province,
Tombulilato Cu deposit, Gorontalo Province,

Golf Clubs


Wenang Golf Club

Address :Wenang Golf Club
Mr. AA Maramis Kayuwatu
Jl, Kairagi, Manado North Sulawesi
Office: Jl. Dr. Sutomo II No.4-6, Manado, Sulawesi Utara
Telephone +62-431-52269
Office: +62-431 64347
Fax Office: +62-431 52690
Website N/A
Email N/A
Holes 18
Length N/A
Par N/A
Visitors Open to the public every day from sunrise to sunset.
Green Fees
Foreigners -B
Indonesian guests -A.
This includes caddy fee but you must tip him afterwards.
Course Designer N/A

Was opened in 1978
Wenang Golf Course is located in Kayuwatu about 7 km from downtown Manado, on the road to Sam Ratulangi International Airport.
It can be easily reached from Manado by microlet: from the Paal-dua terminal, take the Lapangan, Poli, or Perum microlet.
Clubhouse, restaurant, drinks
Caddies are available for hire
Description Difficult to read greens, listen to your caddy’s advice.
Views of mountain Klabat

Manado Golf Club

Address Manado Golf Club
Jl. Raya Pelud Sem Ratulangi, Manado , North Sulawesi
Telephone +62-431-864036
Website/Email N/A
Holes/Length/Par N/A
Green Fees
Facilities N/A

Proposed World Heritage

Waruga Burial Complex North Sulawesi

nature reserve, proposed world heritage, waruga

nature reserve, proposed world heritage, waruganature reserve, proposed world heritage, waruga

Date of Submission: 19/10/1995
Criteria: (i)
Category: Cultural
Submission prepared by:
Directorate General for Culture
North Sulawesi
Ref.: 292

This ancient cemetery of Minahasan ancestors consist of 144 stone sarcophagi, remnants of the Megalithic age. “Waruga” sarcophagi are unique square stone with holes in the middle and prism shaped lids. The tombs are carved with various motifs such as human beings, plants, animals, and traditional geometrical motifs like clouds, strings, curls and double braids. The cemetery is located in Sawangan village, about 24 km from Manado.

Waruga is a stone grave made of domato stone or mountain stone. Some warugas are already hundreds of years old, some of them are 500 years old, and some are even 1,200 years old. In 1817, the warugas were collected, and they were all 144 warugas. All over Minahasa, there are 2,000 warugas. The making of waruga was prohibited in 1800 because of the spreading of cholera and typhoid which might be caused by the unpleasant smell coming out of the warugas. Since then, dead people have been buried under the ground.

Waruga is the traditional cemetery of Minahasan. That time, everybody made their own warugas. On the warugas they carved motifs which reflected each of their occupations. If the person was a judge, then the motif was court of justice. In the cemetery, there is a waruga with the motif of a woman giving birth to a child. It is said that it is the grave of a midwive. According to the local belief, childless couple could have children if they visit the midwive’s waruga.

The way to do a funeral:
When a person dies, then the corpse will be seated on a chair and tied there until it is stiff. After that, the corpse is untied, then it is brought to circle the house three times as a symbol that the person is no longer among his/her family, but in another world. The corpse then put into waruga with a plate under it, and all his/her beloved things (such as: blade, glass, bracelet, necklace, beads, pendant, etc) are also put inside waruga.

Sulawesi Tribes

North Sulawesi 15 Tribes

North Sulawesi , Tribes , gorontalo, minahasa, tombulu, bantik, tonsawang, totemboang, bintauna, kaidipang, botanga, bolango, suwawa, mongondow, ponosakan, ratahan, tondano,

Bajau 7.000 Islam
The Bajau (also called the Bayo, Gaj, Luaan, or Lutaos) are a highly mobile maritime people group that is found throughout the coastal areas of Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, Sumatera, and East Nusa Tenggara. Their high mobility led to outsiders calling them ‘sea gypsies.’ In eastern Indonesia, the largest numbers of Bajau are found on the islands and in the coastal districts of Sulawesi. Their everyday language is the Bajau language, which is a branch of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster.
While some Bajau have begun to live on land, many Bajau are still boat dwellers. Among the Bajau boat dwellers, local communities consist of scattered moorage groups made up of families whose members regularly return, between intervals of fishing, to a common anchorage site. Two to six families will group together in an alliance to regularly fish and anchor together, often sharing food and pooling labor, nets, and other gear. The boats that are used as family dwellings vary in size and construction. In Indonesia and Malaysia, boats average 10 meters in length with a beam of about 2 meters. They are plank constructed with solid keel and bow sections. All are equipped with a roofed living area made of poles and kajang matting and a portable earthenware hearth, usually carried near the stern, used for preparing family meals. The marine life exploited by the Bajau fishermen is diverse, including over 200 species of fish. Fishing activity varies with the tides, monsoonal and local winds, currents, migrations of pelagic fish, and the monthly lunar cycle. During moonless nights, fishing is often done with lanterns, using spears and handlines. Today, fishing is primarily for market sale. Most fish are preserved by salting or drying. The boat-dwelling Bajau see themselves (in contrast to their neighbors), as non-aggressive people who prefer flight to physical confrontation. As a consequence, the politically dominant groups of the region have historically viewed the Bajau with disdain as timid, unreliable subjects.
The Bajau are Sunni Muslims
Bantik 17.000 Animism
11 villages around Manado
Bintauna 12.000 Islam
around Bintauna
Bolango 20.000 Islam
5,000 in Bolango, 15,000 in Atinggola. North Sulawesi Province, south coast of the peninsula, Bolaang Mongondow District, around Molibagu; Gorontalo Province, north coast around Atinggola, between Kaidipang and Gorontalo.
Kaidipang 27.000 Islam
The Kaidipang are found on the outskirts of the Bolaang Mongondow District of North Sulawesi Province. Sulawesi is a large mountainous island often described as being shaped like an orchid or crab. It has a coastline of about 5,000 kilometers and consists mainly of four peninsulas separated by deep gulfs, with two of the peninsulas extending southward and two northeastward. The Kaidipang area is surrounded by North Sulawesi Province to the east, Gorontalo Province to the west, the Sulawesi Sea to the north, and Tomini Bay to the south.Historically, the Kaidipang formed their own kingdom. In 1910, they joined with the neighboring Bolang Itang kingdom. This enlarged kingdom lasted until 1950 when it joined the recently independent Republic of Indonesia.
Traditional lifestyle was one of shifting agricultural. New fields were cleared, farmed and then abandoned after becoming depleted of nutrients and unproductive. After three to five years of lying fallow, an old area would be fertile enough to be cleared and farmed again. This method is called “slash and burn” farming because clearing of land is done by cutting down the bigger trees and burning unwanted vegetation. Unfortunately, this method is often cited as a primary cause for deforestation as well as forest fires which often rage out of control. In recent times, however, the Kaidipang have become more settled, resulting in an increase of their population. Kaidipang villages are usually found along roadways in the highlands. Many have already become rice farmers, fishers, day laborers, and owners of small shops. They also raise livestock such as cattle, goats, and chickens.The lineage of descent for the Kaidipang people is bilateral (traced through both mother and father). Inheritance is handled in the same way for both male and female descendants. Unlike most other ethnic groups in Indonesia, the Kaidipang reserve no special treatment or rights for male family members.
Traditional law (adat) is still in use, although it has become intertwined with Islamic practice.
Lolak 3.000 Islam
Bolaang Mongondow District, Lolak, Mongkoinit, and Motabang villages. Dialects: Structurally related to Gorontalo [gor], but with heavy lexical borrowing from Mongondow [mog]. Lexical similarity: 79% with Mongondow, 66% with Ponosakan [pns], 63% with Kaidipang [kzp].
The Lolak are an agrarian people who have always lived on the fringes of more powerful neighboring groups. They live in the Lolak District in the northeastern portion of Sulawesi. Sulawesi is a large mountainous island often described as being shaped like an orchid or crab. In their district, the Lolak comprise 80% of the population and live in only three villages: Lolak, Mongkoinit, and Motabang. Lolak District is sparsely populated, with only 21,000 inhabitants. The chief characteristic that distinguishes the Lolak from other native Mongondow groups is their language which is structurally similar to Gorontalo. Despite this similarity, the Lolak language has heavily borrowed from the neighboring Mongondow language. In fact, the Lolak homeland is surrounded by the Mongondow people, and Mongondow is the second language of most Lolak people.
The Lolak area is a fertile area with long black sand beaches, flat grassy fields, coconut plantations, and rugged inland mountains. The Lolak are farmers who grow rice, coconuts, corn, cacao, and large healthy cattle. The government provides assistance in the form of subsidized pesticides when insects or blight threaten the rice crop. Large areas belong to rich absentee landowners and are worked by area residents. Rice and sago are food staples. Sometimes they hunt deer in the forest. Housing is basic and in some places very poor. When a Lolak family becomes wealthy enough, they replace their thatch roof (made from rumbia or sago leaves) with tin. The wealthiest ones will buy satellite dishes. Access to fresh water is not a problem since many families have wells. Their main village of Lolak has its own small hospital. Although the area has typhoid, there is very little malaria. The district has twenty elementary schools and most Lolak children are able to attend. Further education requires relocation. Those able to attend high school typically study in Kotamobagu or Manado. Of the few who seek further education, most study farming, husbandry (livestock breeding), economics, or law at Sam Ratulangi University in Manado. Lolak genealogy is bilateral (traced through both parents). Inheritance is handled in the same way for both male and female descendants. Male family members receive no special treatment. They typically marry before 20 years of age and have more than two children per family.
The Lolak are Sunni Muslims.
Mongondow 1.158.000 Christian
between Tontemboan and Gorontalo. Alternate names: Bolaang Mongondow, Minahassa, Mongondou. Dialects: Lolayan, Dumoga, Pasi.
Ponosakan 3.000 Animism
Belang area. Alternate names: Ponasakan. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 75% with Mongondow [mog], 66% with Lolak [llq].
Ratahan 39.000 Christian
northeast section, Ratahan area to southeast coast. Alternate names: Bentenan, Pasan.
Suwawa 21.000 Islam
SuSulawesi, tribe, suwawa, sukuwawa and Pinogu area, east of Gorontalo town, Lake Limboto. Alternate names: Bonda, Bunda, Bune, Suwawa-Bunda. Dialects: Bunda.
Tombulu 60.000 Christian
Tanawangko and Tomohon areas. Alternate names: Minahasa, Minhasa, Tombalu, Tombula, Tombulu’, Toumbulu. Dialects: Taratara, Tomohon. Most similar to Tondano [tdn], Tonsea [txs].
Tondano 100.000 Christian
TondanSulawesi, tribe, tondano, sukuo area and north peninsula; southeast coast, Toulour District. Also in United States. Alternate names: Tolou, Tolour, Tondanou, Toulour. Dialects: Tondano, Kakas (Ka’kas), Remboken. Most similar to Tombulu [tom], Tonsea [txs].
Tonsawang 30.000 Christian
Tombatu area. Alternate names: Tombatu.

Tontemboang 189.000 Christian

northeast coast, Sonder to Motoling and Tompasobaru areas. Alternate names: Pakewa, Tompakewa, Tountemboan. Dialects: Langoan, Tompaso (Makelai, Makela’i-Maotow), Sonder (Matanai, Matana’i-Maore’).

North Sulawesi Bunaken Islands national Park Mammals, Reptiles

North Sulawesi

Bunaken Islands national Park

Mammals, Reptiles

Ailurops-ursinus-ursinus-01-200 Strigocuscus-celebensis-01-200 Macaca-nigra-nigra-01-200 Tarsius-spectrum-01-200
  Ailurops ursinus ursinus
   Bear Cuscus

Sulawesi Dwarf Cuscus

Celebes Crested Macaque

Eastern Tarsier

Delphinus-capensis-01-200 Globicephala-macrorhynchus-01-200 Grampus-griseus-01-200 Lagenodelphis-hosei-01-200

Delphinus capensis,
Long-beaked common dolphin

Globicephala macrorhynchus,
Short-finned pilot whale

Grampus griseus, Risso’s dolphin

Lagenodelphis hosei,
Fraser’s dolphin

Orcinus-orca-01-200 Peponocephala-electra-01-200 Pseudorca-crassidens-01-200 Stenella-attenuata-01-200

Orcinus orca,
Killer whale

Peponocephala electra,
Melon-headed whale

Pseudorca crassidens,
False killer whale

Stenella attenuata,
Pan-tropical spotted dolphin

Stenella-longirostris-01-200 Steno-bredanensis-01-200 Tursiops-truncatus-01-200 Kogia-simus-01-200

Stenella longirostris,
Spinner dolphin

Steno bredanensis,
Rough-toothed dolphin

Bottlenose dolphin

Kogia simus,
Dwarf sperm whale

Physeter-macrocephalus-01-200 Sus-celebensis-01-200

Physeter macrocephalus,
Sperm whale

Sus celebensis,
Celebes warty pig


Eretmochelys imbricata, 
Hawksbill turtle, 
Penyu sisik

 Dermochelys coriacea,,  
   Leatherback turtle ,
Penyu belimbing

 Chelonia mydas ,
  Green turtle ,
Penyu Hijau
Mabuya multifasciata,
Common Sun Skink
Ahaetulla prasina,
reen Whip Snake

Laticauda colubrina,
Colubrine Sea Snake


North Sulawesi Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve

North Sulawesi

Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve

Gunung Ambang, Ambang,  Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam, General Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve comprises an area of 8,638 ha in North Sulawesi province. The reserve is named after the active volcano Gunung Ambang (1,780 m).The site consists of small lakes, among others Danau Moaat, surrounded by steep mountains with lush mountain forest, rich in ferns and orchids. The scenery, which includes sulphur fumaroles and steaming mudpools, is very attractive.Access From Karombasan station in Manado take a bus to Kotamobagu (4 hrs.). From there catch a bus to Bong Kudai Baru (30 min.), where you”ll find a small PHPA office. Kotamobagu can also be reached from Doloduo (1 hr.), a village near Bogani Nani Wartabone National Park, or Gorontalo (9 hrs.). Inquire at the PHPA/KSDA offices in Gorontalo or Doloduo whether you need a permit to enter the reserve.Accommodation * Kotamobaguo Several simple losmen Addresses PHPA, Jl. Gajah Mada, Gorontalo.KSDA, Doloduo.PHPA, Bong Kudai Baru.Trekking Gunung Ambang can be climbed from Bong Kudai Baru in 2 hrs.
* Celebes black macaque – Macaca nigra
* Sulawesi tarsier – Tarsius spectrum
* Sulawesi palm civet – Macrogalidia musschenbroekii
* Lowland anoa – Bubalus depressicornis

* Philippine Scrubfowl – Megapodius cumingii
* Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
* Red Junglefowl – Gallus gallus
* Spotted Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna guttata
* Sulawesi Woodpecker – Dendrocopos temminckii
* Ashy Woodpecker – Mulleripicus fulvus
* Sulawesi Hornbill – Penelopides exarhatus
* Knobbed Hornbill – Aceros cassidix
* Purple-winged Roller – Coracias temminckii
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Lilac-cheeked Kingfisher – Cittura cyanotis
* Black-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Scaly-breasted Kingfisher – Actenoides princeps
* Rainbow Bee-eater – Merops ornatus
* Blue-tailed Bee-eater – Merops philippinus
* Plaintive Cuckoo – Cacomantis merulinus
* Drongo Cuckoo – Surniculus lugubris
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Black-billed Koel – Eudynamys melanorhyncha
* Yellow-billed Malkoha – Phaenicophaeus calyorhynchus
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Bay Coucal – Centropus celebensis
* Ornate Lorikeet – Trichoglossus ornatus
* Golden-mantled Racquet-tail – Prioniturus platurus
* Blue-backed Parrot – Tanygnathus sumatranus
* Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus stigmatus
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Sulawesi Owl – Tyto rosenbergii
* Sulawesi Scops-Owl – Otus manadensis
* Ochre-bellied Hawk-Owl – Ninox ochracea
* Speckled Hawk-Owl – Ninox punctulata
* Great Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus macrotis
* Red Collared-Dove – Streptopelia tranquebarica
* Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
* White-faced Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena manadensis
* Maroon-chinned Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus subgularis
* Superb Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus superbus
* Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
* White-bellied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula forsteni
* Grey-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula radiata
* Green Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula aenea
* Elegant Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula concinna
* White Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula luctuosa
* White Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula luctuosa
* Sombre Pigeon – Cryptophaps poecilorrhoa
* Barred Rail – Gallirallus torquatus
* Buff-banded Rail – Gallirallus philippensis
* Snoring Rail – Aramidopsis plateni
* Bald-faced Rail – Gymnocrex rosenbergii
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* White-browed Crake – Porzana cinerea
* Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
* Common Moorhen – Gallinula chloropus
* Osprey – Pandion haliaetus

* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Sulawesi Serpent-Eagle – Spilornis rufipectus
* Vinous-breasted Sparrowhawk – Accipiter rhodogaster
* Grey-faced Buzzard – Butastur indicus
* Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster
* Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Pied Heron – Ardea picata
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
* Hooded Pitta – Pitta sordida
* Dark-eared Myza – Myza celebensis
* White-eared Myza – Myza sarasinorum
* Maroon-backed Whistler – Coracornis raveni
* Sulphur-bellied Whistler – Pachycephala sulfuriventer
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Cerulean Cuckooshrike – Coracina temminckii
* Pied Cuckooshrike – Coracina bicolor
* White-rumped Cuckooshrike – Coracina leucopygia
* Sulawesi Cicadabird – Coracina morio
* Rusty-bellied Fantail – Rhipidura teysmanni
* Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Sulawesi Drongo – Dicrurus montanus
* Black-naped Monarch – Hypothymis azurea
* Red-backed Thrush – Zoothera erythronota
* Sulawesi Thrush – Cataponera turdoides
* Island Thrush – Turdus poliocephalus
* Great Shortwing – Heinrichia calligyna
* Rufous-throated Flycatcher – Ficedula rufigula
* Little Pied Flycatcher – Ficedula westermanni
* Blue-fronted Flycatcher – Cyornis hoevelli
* Sulawesi Blue-Flycatcher – Cyornis omissus
* Citrine Canary-Flycatcher – Culicicapa helianthea
* White-necked Myna – Streptocitta albicollis
* Fiery-browed Myna – Enodes erythrophris
* Finch-billed Myna – Scissirostrum dubium
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Malia – Malia grata
* Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
* Mountain White-eye – Zosterops montanus
* Lemon-bellied White-eye – Zosterops chloris
* Black-crowned White-eye – Zosterops atrifrons
* Chestnut-backed Bush-Warbler – Bradypterus castaneus
* Mountain Tailorbird – Orthotomus cuculatus
* Sulawesi Leaf-Warbler – Phylloscopus sarasinorum
* Sulawesi Babbler – Trichastoma celebense
* Yellow-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum aureolimbatum
* Grey-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum celebicum
* Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
* Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus
* Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
* Grey Wagtail – Motacilla cinerea
* Black-faced Munia – Lonchura molucca
* Scaly-breasted Munia – Lonchura punctulata

* Rabdion forsteni
* Rhabdophis chrysargoides
* Cylindrophis melanotus

* Celebes Toad – Bufo celebensis
* Limnonectes modestus
* Phrynoglossus laevis
* Rana papua

Birdwatching Areas: Gunung Ambang Nature Reserve, North Sulawesi

by Jon Riley, from OBC Bulletin 32, December 2000.

The Indonesian island of Sulawesi, lying at the heart of Wallacea, is famous for its unique array of species: ....  read more

North Sulawesi Batu Angus Nature Recreation Park

North Sulawesi

Batu Angus Nature Recreation Park

alt Longitude (DD) 125.29302231
Latitude (DD) 1.55478896
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1981
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 635
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas
Wildlife in the area Tangkoko already widely known and visited by Alfred Russel Wallace in 1861. In Tangkoko, Wallace collected specimens and maleo babirusa that time was very easy to find. At that time, the black sand beach is a place nestled Tangkoko and maleo eggs. As a result of exploitation by local people, the colony on the coast Tangkoko maleo no longer found in 1915, and left only a small number of colonies in the interior.

Tangkoko area was first established as the Dutch East Indies Government protected forest in the year 1919 based ....  read more

North Sulawesi Batu Putih Nature Recreation Park

North Sulawesi

Batu Putih Nature Recreation Park


Longitude (DD) 125.09946078
Latitude (DD) 1.60151071
Designation Nature Recreation
 ....  read more