Central Sulawesi, Birding on Peleng & Banggai

Central Sulawesi, Birding on Peleng & Banggai



Zoothera erythronota, Red-backed Thrush, Anis Punggung-merah


A nice selection of Sula endemics after a short boat ride from Luwuk, including the newly rediscovered Banggai Crow.

Key bird species:

Sula Scrubfowl, Ornate Lorikeet, Great-billed Kingfisher (Endemic ssp), Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Grosbeak Starling, Banggai Fruit-Dove, Sula Hanging-Parrot,Moluccan King Parrot, Banggai [Moluccan] Scops-Owl, Ruddy Kingfisher (Endemic ssp), Red-bellied [Sula] Pitta, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Northern Golden Bulbul, Banggai Crow, Red-and-Black Thrush, ‘Peleng Leaf-Warbler’, Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher, Rusty-bellied Fantail, Drab Whistler, Helmeted Myna

Birdwatching locations:

The Banggai Archipelago lies off the eastern side of Sulawesi and is dominated by the large island of Peleng, and the smaller island of Banggai. The islands are very interesting for birding, sharing characteristics with both Sulawesi and the Sula Islands to the east, as well as holding its own specialities such as Banggai Crow.

Birding these island means making your own way around and doing some exploring. A couple of sites are known quite well, but there are definitely more interesting places still to be found.

Around Salakan

Around the capital ‘city’ of Salakan are extensive areas of degraded lowland forest, interspersed with agriculture. Access to these forest areas is possible from the main roads north and south of town. Just look for anywhere interesting and dive in. One area that has been visited several times lies around 10km north, near the village of Kawalu where basic accommodation can also be arranged by the Village Head. Birds seen in this area have included Sula Scrubfowl, Ornate Lorikeet, Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Grosbeak Starling, Banggai Fruit-Dove, Sula Hanging-Parrot, Banggai [Moluccan] Scops-Owl, Ruddy Kingfisher, Red-bellied [Sula] Pitta, Red-and-Black Thrush, Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher and Helmeted Myna

Tataba and Kokolomboi

To get to good condition hill and sub-montane forest you will have to travel to the west of the island, where the village of Tataba makes a good base. Walking inland (up!) from here takes you to the small village of Kokolomboi after around four hours walk. The trail passes from coastal agriculture through degraded mosaic forest, to intact forest on the hills and ridges. Birding can be productiuve along the whole route, but is excellent in the hill forest near the top. Birds seen here include Ornate Lorikeet, Ivory-backed Woodswallow, Banggai Fruit-Dove, Sula Hanging-Parrot, Moluccan King Parrot, Banggai [Moluccan] Scops-Owl, Red-bellied [Sula] Pitta, Slaty Cuckooshrike, Northern Golden Bulbul, Banggai Crow, Red-and-Black Thrush, ‘Peleng Leaf-Warbler’, Henna-tailed Jungle-Flycatcher, Rusty-bellied Fantail, Drab Whistler and Helmeted Myna

Elsewhere on Peleng

Further exploration of the South-West of South-east of the island could be rewarding. The coastal strip will usually be degraded, but venturing inland on foot will almost always access better habitat.


The island that gave its name to the archipelago, and in turn the crow, generally receives far less attention from birders than its larger neighbour Peleng. However, it would still make for an interesting visit, rewarded with many of the same birds as Peleng and who knows what else…

Access and Accommodation:

Getting to Peleng is relatively straightforward from the Sulawesi town of Luwuk; now served by regular daily flights from Makassar (Merpati, Lion). From Luwuk you will then need to get to the port and try and catch a ferry to Peleng. These go most regularly overnight to Salakan, but some morning boats go direct to Tataba (but not every day it seems).

A road follows the coast on Peleng, so it is possible to drive, bus or motorbike your way between Salakan and Tataba (and beyond, if you desire). The birding sites around Salakan can also be reached by vehicle (a motorbike, most easily). To reach Kokolomboi from Tataba requires walking for a few hours.

For accommodation there are plenty of places in Luwuk (check a book like Lonely Planet). There are also simple hotels in Salakan. Outside of these places, including Kokolomboi and Kawalu) you should be reporting to the Village Head (Kepala Desa) and so can then ask for assistance in finding somewhere to stay. At time of writing Pak Maleso in Kokolomboi is able to assist birders visiting the village, and he can maybe be contacted by email at is ayubmaleso@yahoo.co.id. Another local, Pak Labi, can also assist those arriving in Tataba, and can be contacted (at time of writing) on +6281245450834.

More info:

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Central sulawesi Togian Islands Transport

Central sulawesi Togian Islands Transport

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Spread over a 90 km stretch in the middle of Tomini Bay, the winding, hilly coastlines and equatorial waters of the Togean Islands cast a magical spell of green, yellow and blue, in all the shades imaginable.

Travellers endure the long journey in search of the mythical beach paradise – many stay longer than they expected. Lazy days sunbathing, beachcombing, diving and snorkelling, exploring the dense jungle interiors – the simple lifestyle can be so alluring.

Lying in the deep water basin and protected on all sides by the spidery arms of Sulawesi, and miles from anywhere, the calm and clear waters are full of marine life, and the beaches are clean and undisturbed.

Rumour has it that the Togean Islands are on the verge of being the next big hit on the travelling market, so enjoy it while you can. Let’s hope they can remain an unspoilt and unexploited for many years to come.

How to Get There

Standing in splendid isolation in Tomini Bay, central Sulawesi, it is quite time consuming to get to the Togean Islands. But you will be thankful you went to the effort to get there as that’s the price you pay for a remote piece of tropical paradise. After all, if it was easy to get to, there’d be more tourists and litter here, spoiling it for you!

For budget-conscious travellers, the best way to the Togians is via the overnight ferry from Gorontalo, which is included in our resort package prices.The departures from Gorontalo are at 22:00 hrs every Wednesday and Saturday (arriving in the Togeans at 11:00 hrs), or at 20:00 hrs every Thursday (arriving 07:00 hrs).The return times from the Togians are at 16:00 hrs every Monday, Thursday and Saturday (arriving in Gorontalo at 06:00 hrs).

For our more well-heeled customers, there is a daily speed boat transfer service available (please contact us for details), but we think a more luxurious and convenient way to see the Togeans is via liveaboard from Manado.

You can fly to Gorontalo from Jakarta with Lion Air and Sriwijaya Air, who both have daily flights. Alternatively, you can fly into Manado from Singapore with Silk Air, and then on to Gorontalo. There are regular flights (but with changeable schedules) from Manado to Gorontalo with both Trigana Air and Merpati Air.

You should be able to book direct online with Indonesia’s domestic airlines and pay with your debit/credit card. However, if you experience problems, then it can be easier to book domestic flights through a local ticketing agent. We recommend:

Manado Safari Tours
Telephone: +62 431 857637
E-mail: info@ManadoSafaris.com
Skype name: jhbmanado

Manado Safari Tours make the reservations, have the tickets issued and delivered as e-tickets (by email) or upon arrival in Jakarta or Manado. They may also courier them to you, if this is your wish (extra charge applies). Dive The World has no involvement whatsoever with the booking arrangements, we simply recommend this ticketing agent due to their professionalism and reliability.

You can either dive a few days in Gorontalo or proceed straight to the ferry (departs 8 pm arrives 8 am), on which you can sleep in air-conditioned cabins.

The Togeans’ Climate

Lying 2° south of the equator, you’ll find the temperature here in the Togeans is a constant 30°C all year round.

Rainy season runs from December to March, but being in the tropics, the rain is only intermittent rather than torrential. Likewise dry season isn’t absolutely dry either! August is the windiest month. High Season revolves around European summer holidays in July and August.

We recommend you visit from May to December and, if you do plan on being here in July and August, just remember that accommodation is very limited so book as soon as you can.

Sightseeing and Adventure

Most visitors consider the main attraction of the Togean Islands to be doing just nothing but lazing on the many golden beaches here at Kadidiri. More than likely, you can have the whole beach to yourself. After all, its a very long journey from the office!

If you do tire of that particular activity then you can explore Kadidiri. Trekking round the back of the island you can find tarsiers, wild boar and deer, babirusa, fruit bats and coconut crabs – the largest of all land-living crabs, can weigh up to 5 kilogrammes and span almost 1 metre, now clinging precariously to existence on only a handful of islands in Asia and the Pacific. Borrow one the the sea canoes and head to the west side of the island to find a Bajau village. Alternatively, you could try your hand at cliff climbing.

With more time you can visit the pearl farms on Batudaka Island and take in the waterfall in Wakai, the main village, or enjoy an afternoon stroll along the boardwalk through the mangrove swamps at Katupat on nearby Togean Island.

Further afield you can hike the active volcano on Una Una. The volcano last erupted in 1983 and the island is now almost deserted. You can spend the whole day making the hike up to 472 metres and exploring the deserted beaches here. Listen carefully and you can still hear the odd rumblings of Gunung Colo, as if she hasn’t quite completely settled after her last performance.


The Togian Islands have long been out of sight and out of mind for most, including the Indonesian government, and so remain very much undeveloped. Life continues for the majority of those that live here in a similar way to that which they have known for many years.

The islands have been in the forefront of several conservation groups minds for quite some time now. Several attempts were made to grant the Togeans national park status. However, due the slow-moving machinations of the bureaucratic wheels within Jakarta, and the fact that any such revenues gained would go straight back to line the coffers of central government, national park status has never been achieved.

Moves are now afoot to grant local marine reserve protection rights instead. It is hoped that this will speed up the process, empower and motivate the locals to properly police the area, and bring much needed revenues to the residents of this part of Sulawesi.

The People of Togian Islands

There are only about 25,000 people in total in the Togians. Pollution is not a major problem out here (yet) and, as evidence of that, remarkably even the piers are clear of floating rubbish.

The people are mainly Muslim Minahasans from Gorontalo, but also the eruption on Una Una in 1983 brought refugees from that island. An interesting ethnic group indigenous to Tomini Bay are the Bajau, or Sea Gypsies. The Bajau number some 2,000 people and adopt a rather secretive, nomadic existence entirely at sea.

They live in wooden shacks built on stilts on top of the coral reefs. They move from home to home by dugout canoe and exist by subsistence fishing and selling sea cucumbers to the chinese markets. The Bajau practice breath hold diving and use only goggles and spears for hunting.

Most of the population live on the main island settlements in small fishing communities on Dolong, Togean and Batudaka.

Local Transport

The only means of transportation between the Togean Islands is by boat. Public boats run between the main islands every day. Aside from public transport, the only option is to charter one of the inexpensive local boats. There are no roads of any meaning on any of the islands, so to get around on land, it’s the old fashioned mode of transport – walking.

– Central Sulawesi, Nature Reserves, Minerals, Mining, Plantations and Tribes Map

Central Sulawesi, Nature Reserves, Minerals, Mining, Plantations and Tribes  Map

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Minerals, Mining,, gold, copper, Iron, nickel, Zinc, Sulawesi, central sulawesi, sulawesi tengah, Nature Reserves, Minerals and Mining, Plantations

Other potential which is not inferior to importance is mining field and energy. Mining kinds such as nickel with extractive area’s width reach 322,200 ha with reserve potential amount reach 8,000,000 WMT and inferred imonite reserve amount 14,062.20 million tons. Other mining type is galena with reserve potential reach 100,000,000 tons, gold reach 16,000,000 tons, molybdenum reach 100 million tons, granite measured reserved potential based on semi micro cartography crop 1:50,000 is 259,461,283,470 m³, feldspar sand with reserve potential 71,211,000 m³, gyps with area’s width ± 200 ha. Clay wood with reserve potential reach 6,970,000 m³ and coal with the thickness of vein 0.3-0.1 m which in thickness 0.15-3.0 m its spreading is about 15 ha.

Mine Companies

Mudik prospect
Sassak Mine, Polewali

Central Sulawesi 42 Tribes

Central Sulawesi, Tribes, buol, totoli, dampelas, dondo, tomini, boano, lauje, pendau, balaesang, taijo, taje, kaili, mandar, moma, uma, napu, bada, lindu, pamona, sedoa, mori atas, mori bawah, padoe, saluan, balantak, batur, banggai, bunku, bahonsuay, tombelala, tomadino, koroni,

South central portion of central Sulawesi, Lore Selatan subdistrict, 14 villages; Pamona Selatan subdistrict, 2 mixed villages; Poso Pesisir subdistrict, 4 mixed villages; Parigi subdistrict, some in Lemusa village; Ampibabo subdistrict. Ako in northern Mamuju District, Pasangkayu subdistrict. 23 villages or parts of villages. Alternate names: Bada’, Tobada’. Dialects: Bada, Ako. Lexical similarity: 85% between Bada and Behoa [bep], 91% between Behoa and Napu [npy], 80% between Bada and Napu [npy]. The three are geographically, politically, culturally separate.
Bahonsuay 300 Islam
Central Sulawesi, Bungku Tengah subdistrict, Bahonsuai village on the east coast. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 71% with Tomadino [tdi], 68% with Mori Atas [mzq], Mori Bawah [xmz], and Padoe [pdo].
Bajau 154.000 Islam
5,000 or more in North Maluku (Grimes 1982), 8,000 to 10,000 in South Sulawesi (Grimes 1987), 7,000 in North Sulawesi and Gorontalo, 36,000 in Central Sulawesi, 40,000 in Southeast Sulawesi (Mead and Lee 2007), and several thousand in Nusa Tenggara (Wurm and Hattori 1981, Verhiejen 1986). North Maluku on Bacan, Obi, Kayoa and Sula Islands; South Sulawesi, Selayar, Bone, and Sinjai districts; Gorontalo Province, Popayato and Tilamuta subdistricts; North Sulawesi, Wori, Tumpaan and Belang subdistricts. Widespread throughout Central and Southeast Sulawesi and islands of the East Sunda Sea. Alternate names: Badjaw, Badjo, Bajao, Bajo, Bayo, Gaj, Luaan, Lutaos, Lutayaos, Orang Laut, Sama, Turije’ne’. Dialects: Jampea, Same’, Matalaang, Sulamu, Kajoa, Roti, Jaya Bakti, Poso, Togian 1, Togian 2, Wallace.
The Bajau (also called the Bayo, Gaj, Luaan, or Lutaos) are a highly mobile maritime people group that is found throughout the coastal areas of Sulawesi, Maluku, Kalimantan, Sumatera, and East Nusa Tenggara. Their high mobility led to outsiders calling them ‘sea gypsies.’ In eastern Indonesia, the largest numbers of Bajau are found on the islands and in the coastal districts of Sulawesi. Their everyday language is the Bajau language, which is a branch of the Melayu (Malay) language cluster.
While some Bajau have begun to live on land, many Bajau are still boat dwellers. Among the Bajau boat dwellers, local communities consist of scattered moorage groups made up of families whose members regularly return, between intervals of fishing, to a common anchorage site. Two to six families will group together in an alliance to regularly fish and anchor together, often sharing food and pooling labor, nets, and other gear. The boats that are used as family dwellings vary in size and construction. In Indonesia and Malaysia, boats average 10 meters in length with a beam of about 2 meters. They are plank constructed with solid keel and bow sections. All are equipped with a roofed living area made of poles and kajang matting and a portable earthenware hearth, usually carried near the stern, used for preparing family meals. The marine life exploited by the Bajau fishermen is diverse, including over 200 species of fish. Fishing activity varies with the tides, monsoonal and local winds, currents, migrations of pelagic fish, and the monthly lunar cycle. During moonless nights, fishing is often done with lanterns, using spears and handlines. Today, fishing is primarily for market sale. Most fish are preserved by salting or drying. The boat-dwelling Bajau see themselves (in contrast to their neighbors), as non-aggressive people who prefer flight to physical confrontation. As a consequence, the politically dominant groups of the region have historically viewed the Bajau with disdain as timid, unreliable subjects.
The Bajau are Sunni Muslims of the Shafi’i school.
Balaesang 6.300 Islam
Central Sulawesi, Balaesang subdistrict, Manimbayu Peninsula. 5 villages. Alternate names: Balaesan, Balaisang, Pajo. Dialects: Not closely related to any other language.
Balantak 31.000 Animism
3,000 are monolingual. East central Sulawesi, Banggai District, eastern peninsula, Luwuk, Balantak, Tinangkung, and Lamala subdistricts. 49 villages, or parts of villages. Alternate names: Kosian. Dialects: Related to Andio [bzb], Coastal Saluan [loe]. Lexical similarity: 66% with Andio, 51% with Coastal Saluan, 39% with Bobongko [bgb].
Banggai 140.000 Islam
CeSulawesi, tribe, banggai, sukuntral Sulawesi, off eastern peninsula, Banggai Islands. 157 villages, or parts of villages. Dialects: East Banggai, West Banggai.
Batui 3.000 Christian
Central Sulawesi Province, Banggai Regency, Batui subdistrict, Balantang, Tolando, Sisipan, Batui villages. Alternate names: Baha. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 74% with Saluan, 60% with Ando [bzb], 54% with Bobongko [bgb], 46% with Balantak [blz], 38% with Banggai [bgz].
Behoa 8.800 Christian
Central Sulawesi, Lore Utara subdistrict, Napu Valley. 8 villages. Alternate names: Besoa. Dialects: Geographically, politically, culturally, and lexically distinct from Bada [bhz] and Napu [npy].
Boano 4.800 Islam
Central Sulawesi, Montong subdistrict, Bolano village, on the south coast. Alternate names: Bolano, Djidja. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 83% with Totoli [txe].
Bobonko 1.700 Islam
1,100 in Lembanato and 400 in Tumbulawa. Central Sulawesi, Togian Islands, Lembanato village; Batu Daka Island, Kilat Bay north, Tumbulawa village on northwest coast. Dialects: Related to Saluan. Different from Andio [bzb]. Lexical similarity: 53% with Coastal Saluan [loe], 44% with Andio, and 30% with Gorontalo [gor], 25%–30% with Gorontalo-Mongondow languages.
Bugis 3.500.000 Islam
Western coast of southeast Sulawesi in Kolaka, Wundulako, Rumbia, and Poleang districts. Also in major towns of Sulawesi. Large enclaves also in other provinces of Sulawesi, Kalimantan, Maluku, Papua, and Sumatra; coastal swamp areas such as Bulukumba, Luwu, Polewali in Polmas, Pasangkayu in Mamuju districts. Also in Malaysia (Sabah). Alternate names: Boegineesche, Boeginezen, Bugi, Buginese, De’, Rappang Buginese, Ugi. Dialects: Bone (Palakka, Dua Boccoe, Mare), Pangkep (Pangkajene), Camba, Sidrap (Sidenrang, Pinrang Utara, Alitta), Pasangkayu (Ugi Riawa), Sinjai (Enna, Palattae, Bulukumba), Soppeng (Kessi), Wajo, Barru (Pare-Pare, Nepo, Soppeng Riaja, Tompo, Tanete), Sawitto (Pinrang), Luwu (Luwu’, Bua Ponrang, Wara, Malangke-Ussu). Bone or Soppeng dialects are central.
The Bugis (sometimes called the Ugi) live in the province of South Sulawesi. The Bugis region is called Tellumponcoe, and it consists of the regencies of Bone, Wajo, and Soppeng. There are also Bugis people settled throughout the regencies of Luwu, Sidenneng, Polmas, Pinrang, Pare-pare, Barru, Pangkajene, Maros, Bulukumba, and Sinjai. The Bugis are a dynamic and highly mobile people, considered by many to be the dominant people group in South Sulawesi. Many Bugis have left their home area to seek success and wealth. In particular, they have migrated to Sumbawa, Jawa, Papua, and even Malaysia. Their Ugi language is divided into several dialects, namely Luwu, Wajo, Bira Selayar, Palaka, Sindenneng and Sawito.

Most Bugis make their living by hunting, fishing, farming, raising livestock or making handicrafts. Typically, the Bugis who live in the mountain ranges gain their livelihood by working the soil, while those living in the coastal areas generally work as fishermen. The Bugis traditional dress is called Wajo Ponco, which is believed to have originated from Melayu (Malay) dress. Currently, the dress is only used for traditional ceremonies and dances. The Bugis believe very strongly that certain days are good days, with good fortune for events and activities held on the first Wednesday and last Thursday of each month. Conversely, they consider Saturday to be a bad day, with misfortune more likely to happen on this day. In Bugis tradition there are different levels of social status that are based upon one’s ancestors. These different levels include descendants of a king, descendants of nobles (La Patau), descendants of district administrators (Aru Lili) and descendants of various kinds of slaves. Two of the most important cultural values for the Bugis people are called siri (personal honor) and siri-pesse (communal honor). A Bugis person must defend, maintain, and build one’s own siri. The effort to obtain and maintain siri varies according to the context. For instance, in an economic context, siri means working hard and being faithful. In a personal context, if a person’s siri is offended serious forms of revenge will be considered. Islam reinforced the traditional Bugis concept of siri in such a way that today the typical Bugis person sees siri as the key to his or her self-identity as a Bugis Muslim. The Bugis line of descent is bilateral (traced through both parents). After marriage the newlyweds may choose to live near either the husband’s or wife’s family, although initially, they live at least briefly near the wife’s family.
The Bugis people are famous for their fervent adherence to Sunni Islam.

Bunku 24.000 Islam
100 Routa, 16,400 Bungku, 2,500 Torete, 1,000 Tulambatu, 800 Landawe, 650 Waia. Central Sulawesi, Bungku Utara, Bungku Tengah, and Bungku Selatan subdistricts, along east coast; 45 villages or parts of villages. Tulambatu in northern Southeast Sulawesi, Konawe District, Asera, Soropia, and Lasolo subdistricts, with difficult access. Alternate names: “Nahina”. Dialects: Bungku, Routa, Tulambatu, Torete (To Rete), Landawe, Waia. Lexical similarity: 81% with Torete, Waia, Tulambatu, and Landawe dialects, 38% with Pamona dialects [pmf], 88%, with Landawe dialect, 84% with Waia dialect, 82% with Torete dialect, 74% with Wawonii [wow], 66% with Taloki [tlk], Kulisusu [vkl], and Koroni [xkq], 65% with Moronene [mqn], 54% with the Mori and Tolaki groups, 82% with the Routa dialect.
The Bungku people (also called “To Bungku”) live in the districts of North Bungku, Central Bungku, South Bungku, and Merui, in the Poso Regency of Central Sulawesi Province. They are also found in several other areas of Sulawesi. The Bungku people are further divided into subgroups such as Lambatu, Epe, Rete, and Ro’Uta. The language used by the Bungku people is Bungku (often called Bungku Laki, or Male Bungku), which is of the same group with various Filipino languages. This language can be divided into several dialects, such as Taa, Merui and Lalaeo. The immigrant communities in this area use their own language, such as the Bugis, Bajo and Jawa languages. Many marriages take place between the Bungku people and the immigrant peoples, hence the relationship between the groups is relatively good in this region. In the past, Bungku people lived in remote inland areas and had little contact with outsiders. With the building of the Trans-Sulawesi highway, they have become more open to outsiders. Although they are inhabitants of Southeast Sulawesi, their culture is greatly influenced by the Bugis culture. According to history, some of the Bungku ancestors were a group of Bugis who migrated to the area.
The Bungku make their living as farmers. They grow rice, corn and sweet potatoes as their primary crops, and coconuts and sago palms as secondary crops. The Bungku also harvest resin and rattan that grow in the thick jungles that still exist in their area. Their land is typically less fertile than other areas of Southeast Sulawesi. Formerly, Bungku communities were segregated into three classes. The heads of the village formed the elite group. The common people formed the middle group. The slaves were the final and lowest group.
The majority of the Bungku people have embraced Islam.
Buol 82.000 Islam =&0=& =&1=&

In addition to these occupations, there are also those who work as traders. In former times the Buol people lived under the authority of Buol Kingdom. As a result of the kingdom’s social patterns, ....  read more

Central Sulawesi Morowali Nature Reserve Trekking tours

Central Sulawesi  Morowali Nature Reserve Trekking tours




Morowali Natural Reserve tour – Central Sulawesi, Indonesia

The Area
Morowali is a 225,000 ha nature reserve in the eastern part of Central Sulawesi province. The reserve is the only area in Sulawesi where forests on basic or ultra basic rock and limestone, are protected. Morowali comprises several forest types: lowland alluvial forest, mountain forest, swamp forest, mangrove forest, moss forest and some secondary forest. The reserve is dominated by three high mountains: Gunung Tambusisi (2,422 m), Gunung Morowali (2,280 m) and Gunung Tokala (2,630). The mountains are separated by river valleys with steep slopes and are located in the northern part of the reserve. The southern part of the reserve comprises the so called Morowali Plain. This 45,000 ha area includes two lakes, seasonal swamps, peat swamp and some mangrove forest. Most of the area is covered with primary forests.

The People
The Wana are the native people living in the reserve. About 600 families, comprising the Wana Kajurmangka and the Wana Uewaju, still live according to their ancient traditions. The Wana Kajurmangka live in the isolated area around Gunung Rapangusulemana while the Wana Uewaju have their villages in the east of the reserve.
The wana people, a small ethnic group of about 5 000, are living in the Morowali area, which can be entered from Kolonodale. They practice shifting cultivation and are collecting rattan and resin to trade. The Wanas are also skilled hunters and still using blowpipes. By living their traditional lives they are now violating the laws according to the governement, who made Morowali to a nature reserve. The wanas can be moved out from the area in a near future. The organization “Sahabat Morowali” , Friends of Morowali, are figthing for their rigths.
The Wana Kajurmangka live in the isolated area around Gunung Rapangusulemana while the Wana Uewaju have their villages in the east of the reserve.

The Access
The entrance of the reserve is in Kolonodale, which can be reached by bus from Ujung Pandang, Poso, Soroake, Palu en Tentena. Permits, guides and information are available at the KSDA office in Palu and the PHPA office in Kolonodale.

Morowali Nature Reserve
Located on the eastern arm of Central Sulawesi, Morowali Nature Reserve consists of a 225,000 ha protected area containing almost completely intact primary forest. The north of the reserve is dominated by steep mountains reaching over 2600 m in height, but the terrain in the south is much less rugged and terminates in a wide coastal plain with natural lakes and swamp forest.

This region, together with much of eastern Central Sulawesi, comprises some of the most extensive formations of ultrabasic rock in the world. This results in soils which have a severe deficiency of important plant nutrients and instead contain toxic concentrations of certain heavy metals. Consequently, ultrabasic forest areas have largely been spared from intensive agriculture and logging due to the poor conditions for planting and lack of valuable timber trees.

The indigenous Wana people live throughout the reserve and consist of about 600 families that follow a traditional lifestyle. Their subsistence is based on swidden and shifting agriculture, hunting, and harvesting of forest products such as rattan and damar.
Current Status

This nature reserve was first established in March 1980, but although it is a completely protected area there are no currently maintained facilities or management staff. It is possible that in the near future Morowali may become a national park, which would lead to funding for proper management but also probably result in the majority of lowland areas being subsequently zoned for logging. Due to the relatively intact indigenous culture of the Wana people, Morowali has recently been proposed as a World Cultural Heritage Site.

How to get there
The reserve is reachable from several directions, and the easiest ways is take 2-hour boat ride from Kolonodale to Tambayoli, which is a settlement at the western end of the park. It is possible to charter your own boat to access other parts of the park, but this is much more expensive.

From Manado there are several flights per week to Luwuk, but travellers with more time can take the overland route to Gorontalo and then board a ferry to Pagimana.

From Luwuk it is a 6-hour bus ride to Baturube from which it is possible either to take a boat to Kolonodale or enter the eastern end of the park near the Tokala Mountains.

The best time to visit is in the dry season (September to November). During the rainy season (May to June) the Tambayoli valley is sometimes prone to flooding, and the rivers are more difficult to cross.

What to See
Despite having a great diversity of wildlife which includes all the larger endemic mammals such as Babirusa (Babyrousa babyrussa), Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi), and Sulawesi Civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroekii), spotting animals in the forest is relatively difficult. Most species are very wary of people due to continuous hunting pressure from the local inhabitants.

Over 170 bird species have been recorded from Morowali, including many endemics. Notable species include the Maleo (Macrocephalon maleo), Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea), Ornate Lory (Trichoglossus ornatus), all five endemic kingfishers, and 18 species of forest pigeons and doves. The Tambayoli valley is a pleasant and easy place to spot numerous raptors, water birds including the Wooly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus), and nightjars at dusk.
Reptiles include the bizarre Sail-fin Lizard (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), and huge 9 meter-long Reticulated Pythons (Python reticulatus).

A wealth of fascinating plants can also be seen in the reserve, ranging from massive Agathis (damar) trees to rare orchids and seven species of pitcher plants (Nepenthes).
Despite the great potential for nature tourism, Morowali sees few foreign visitors and there are currently no developed facilities available. Guides can be found in Kolonodale, Tambayoli, or Morowali village, but you must be well-versed in Bahasa Indonesia as few of them speak English. Simple accomodation can be obtained at any village or town, usually by making arrangements with the kepala desa (head of the town).

Hiking is generally very pleasant if one follows the well-established trails used by the Wana, but can get strenuous on the mountains. When trekking it is most convenient to stay in Wana huts or jungle shelters, but tents must be carried when attempting some of the more remote peaks. Leeches can only be found on some of the wetter mountains. Malaria is a small problem in the Tambayoli area. If you are concerned, you might want to consider prophylactics.



Attraction        : Trekking at Morowali nature reserve (Via Manado)
Duration          : 08 days / 07 nights
Tour area        : Morowali Natural reserve
Grade              : Intermediate
Start – end      : Manado – Palu

Day 01. Arrival Services – Hotel in Manado.

  • Meeting our staff and drive you to hotel in Manado city.
  • Lunch at local restaurant. Free at leisure.
  • Overnight at hotel in Manado

Day 02 . Manado – Luwuk – Baturube – Taronggo

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Depart to airport for flights to Luwuk.
  • On arrival drive to Baturube about 05 – 06 hours. Lunch en-route.
  • Afternoon arrival in Baturube , take a motor cyle to Taronggo.
  • Dinner and overnight at guest house.

Day 03. Taronggo – Kayupoli

  • Breakfast at guest house.
  • Full day of trekking through among the rain forest, grassland, crossing stream and river is also make the trip be a perfect.
  • Lunch on the route, afternoon arrival in Kayupoli
  • Overnight stay at the village house.

Day 04. Kayupoli – Rano lake – Kekea

  • Breakfast at guesthouse
  • Depart by paddle canoe through against the raft of Muara stream, to cross a wonderful Rano Lake.
  • Two hours hiking through among the forest.
  • Lunch on the route cooked by guide.
  • Overnight in the guest house in Kekea at the huts of Wana tribe or set up a camp.

Day 05. Kekea (Morowali reserve) – Kolonedale.

  • Breakfast at guest house or tent.
  • Trekking to Tomori bay harbor.
  • Two hours by chartered motor boat crossing Tomori bay .
  • On arrival we will take a car to hotel in Kolonedale.

Day 06. Kolonedale – Tentena

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Depart to Tentena + 6 hours drive by car crossing a beautiful landscape of mountainous tropical forest.
  • This area is inhabited by several Mori tribe people who settled in small villages all over the eastern part of Central Sulawesi.
  • Late afternoon arrival in Tentena for dinner and overnight stay.

Day 07. Tentena – Palu

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Short trip to Saluopa waterfalls, then continue to  Palu city.
  • Lunch en – route. Afterno arrivals in Palu.
  • Dinner overnight stay in hotel.

Day 08. Palu – Check out.

  • Breakfast at hotel
  • Free at leisure until your departure time
  • Transfer you to airport for flight to Makassar or your next destination.  

Tour price included :

  • Food & Drinks.
  • Accommodation,
  • Transportation
  • Professional  guide.



Attraction        : Trekking Morowali Natural reserve

Duration          : 09 DAYS / 08 NIGHTS
Tour area        : Morowali Natural reserve
Start – end      : Makassar
Grade              : Intermediate


DAY 01 : Makassar arrival.

  • Upon arrival at Hasanuddin airport in Makassar then transfer to hotel.
  • Drive you to on a city tour around Makassar, visiting Fort Rotterdam an old Dutch fortress, Port Paotere, the Buginese harbor. Lunch en-route.
  • Dinner and stay overnight at a hotel.

DAY 02 : Makassar – Soroako

  • Breakfast at hotel
  • Depart to Soroako by car for about 12 hours trip.
  • On the way we enjoy the view along the Buginese villages with their typical houses.
  • Lunch will be served in seafood restaurant in Palopo
  • Photo-stops en route is available on this trip.
  • Dinner and stay overnight at a hotel in Soroako. (B)

Day 03 : Soroako – Beteleme – Kolonedae

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Continue the trip by crossing Matano lake with our car on a wooden boat (Big Katinting) to Nahu village
  • On arrival drive straight to Beteleme where we will have lunch.
  • Proceed to the old Kolonedale harbor city.
  • Stay overnight at homestay, Kolonedale. (B,L)

Day 04 : Kolonedale – Kekea – Marisa

  • Breakfast at hotel
  • With speed boat we sail across Tomori bay to Morowali nature reserve.
  • Entering Morowali nature reserve area by walking through Morowali river estuary.
  • Continue the trip by walking through the mangrove and rattan forest, also crossing over several tributaries.
  • We stop by at Kekea, take a rest for a while and have lunch before continue the trip to Marissa village.
  • Overnight at a hut of Wana tribe. (B,L,D)

Day 05 : Marisa – Kayupoli – Rano bae

  • Breakfast at guesthouse.
  • Trek along Tandonga tributary where Wana tribe moor their boat.
  • Trip continue to Rano Bae (Big lake) by a small boat to go around the lake.
  • Take a rest and lunch will be served at a hut by the side of Rano Bae.
  • Continue trekking to Kayu Poli valley one of highland area at Morowali.
  • Explore Kayu Poli area
  • Return to Rano Bae, for overnight at the hut. (B,L,D)

Day 06 : Rano Bae – Marisa

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Start the returning trip from Rano Bae then go along Tandonga tributary by boat to Marissa Village.
  • The rest of the day will be fulfilled with exploring Marissa village and get in touch with Wana tribe community.
  • Take a rest and stay overnight at the Marissa village. (B,L,D)

Day 07 : Marisa – Kolonedale – Beteleme – Soroako.

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Proceed to Morowali lake estuary, then sail across Tomori bay by wooden boat (Big Ketinting) and leave for Kolonedale city to Beteleme.
  • Continued by car to get to Beteleme where we will have lunch.
  • Continue the trip to Soroako through Matano lake.
  • Stay overnight at a hotel at Soroako. (B,L)

Day 08 : Soroako – Palopo – Makassar

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Depart to Makassar via Palopo.
  • Take about 12 hours land trip with several breaks for a rest.
  • We stay overnight at Makassar. (B)

Day 09 : Makassar departure

  • Breakfast at hotel
  • Transfer to airport to catch the flight for your next destination. (B)

Included :
• Airport transfers in Makassar include all land transporttation

• Accommodations based on twin/double share at hotels in Makassar dan Kolonedale
• Accommodation at guest house with basic facility
• Charter wooden boat
• English speaking guide and cook
• Porters during trekking (villagers)
• Full board meals (B: Breakfast, L: Lunch, D: Dinner)
• Permits and donations
• All activities mentioned on the above program

Excluded :  
• Travel insurance
• Airport taxes and extra baggage charges
• Personal expenses such as phone calls, laundry, beverages etc
• All expenses incurred due to the flight cancellations or due other causes beyond our  control


Attraction            : Trekking Morowali Natural reserve
Duration              : 06 days / 05 Nights
Tour area            : Tentena – Morowali – Kekea- Rano Lake – Kayupoli – Taronggo – Baturube – Luwuk
Grade                  : Easy – Intermediate
Start – end          : Makassar – Luwuk.


Day 01. Hasanudin Airport Makassar – Check in hotel (Makassar).

  • On your arrival at Makassar international airport, our staff will meet you than proceed to hotel in Makassar.
  • Check in. Free at leisure.
  • Dinner. Overnight.

Day 02. Makassar – Palu – Tentena

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • Depart to airport for flights to Palu
  • On arrival meet the driver & staff, drive for 06 hours to Tentena. Take a tour in Tentena.
  • Overnight at hotel in Tentena

Day 03 : Tentena – Kolonedale

  • Breakfast at hotel
  • Depart for Kolonedale + 6 hours drive by car crossing a  beautiful landscape of mountainous tropical forest.
  • This area is inhabited by several Mori tribe people who settled in small villages all over the eastern part of Central Sulawesi.
  • Late afternoon arrival in Kolonedale for dinner and overnight stay.

Day 04 : Kolonedale – Morowali Reserve

  • After breakfast depart to the starting point of the hiking.
  •  Two hours by chartered motor boat crossing Tomori bay .
  • Then continue the trip by trekking to reach Kekea where the Wana tribe people settles through the tropical rain forest.
  • Lunch prepared on the way by the guide.
  • Stay overnight at simple huts with Wana people or set up camp.

Day 05 : Kekea – Rano Lake – Kayupoli

  • After breakfast depart by paddle canoe through against the raft of Muara stream, to cross a wonderful Rano Lake.
  • Two hours hiking through among the forest.
  • Lunch on the route cooked by guide.
  • Overnight in the huts of Wana tribe or set up a camp at Kayupoli riverside.

Day 06 : Kayupoli – Taronggo

  • Breakfast at camp.
  • Full day of trekking through among the rain forest, grassland, crossing stream and river is also make the trip be a perfect.
  • Lunch en route, late afternoon arrival in Taronggo and overnight stay at the village house.

Day 07 : Taronggo – Baturube – Luwuk

  • Breakfast at Guest house.
  • Depart by motor-cycle ( Ojek ) to Terminal Baturube.
  • Drive to Luwuk (5-6 hours)  the coast line and mountain view as a panorama.
  • Lunch en route at local restaurant.
  • Late afternoon arrival in Luwuk. Check-in a hotel and overnight.

Day 08 : Luwuk – Next Destination

  • Breakfast at hotel.
  • At your own leisure.
  • Transfer to the airport for your next destination.

Tour price included :

  • Food & Drinks.
  • Accommodation
  • Transportation
  • Professional  guide.

-Central Sulawesi Tando Bone bungalow resort at Lake Poso

Tando Bone bungalow resort at Lake Poso



The resort is located on the eastern shores of beautiful Lake Poso; the pure and enchanting highland lake amidst the sloping hills and primary rainforest of Central Sulawesi. Tando Bone is reached by boat from Tentena in half an hour. The Tando Bone-site is 1,5 hours from Poso at the ‘Gulf of Tomini’, 6 hours from Palu, 5 hours from the National Park Lore Lindu and 10 hours from RantePao in Tanah Toraja (that is, with public transport; the region can more comfortably and easier be explored by rental car). Bungalows Bungalows can be rented for 1 day up to one year. The bungalows are fully furnished and self-contained with kitchen, toilet and shower facilities. For more information see ‘Bungalows’. Sulawesi serpent eagleTando Bone is located right at the edge of Lake Poso, a highland lake in Central Sulawesi. Experts consider it to have the second purest water in the world! At 515 meters altitude the 37 kilometers long and 13 kilometers wide (at its widest point, that is) fresh water lake is bounded by steeply sloping mountains on the west and the gentle hills of the east-side where Tando Bone lies. Dense, primary rainforest and lush plantations of cloves and coffee with in between a dozen villages. Sensational and unexplorered wildlife, Lake Poso and its surrounding area offer an overwhelming beauty and tranquility. Nearby attractions include the Lore Lindu National park, The Western Highlands, the Bada Valley with its mysterious megaliths, caves in and around Tentena and a splendid Orchid reserve.

Central Sulawesi Grand Forest Park Palu

Central Sulawesi

Central Sulawesi Grand Forest Park Palu

Longitude (DD) 119.90466462
Latitude (DD) -1.07535855
Designation Grand Forest Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 8.100
GIS Total Area (ha) 36.6468
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas


Central Sulawesi Morowali Nature Reserve

Central Sulawesi

Morowali Nature Reserve

Morowali is a 225,000 ha nature reserve in the eastern part of Central Sulawesi province. The reserve is the only area in Sulawesi where forests on basic or ultra basic rock and limestone, are protected. Morowali comprises several forest types: lowland alluvial forest, mountain forest, swamp forest, mangrove forest, moss forest and some secondary forest. The reserve is dominated by three high mountains: Gunung Tambusisi (2,422 m), Gunung Morowali (2,280 m) and Gunung Tokala (2,630). The mountains are separated by river valleys with steep slopes and are located in the northern part of the reserve. The southern part of the reserve comprises the so called Morowali Plain. This 45,000 ha area includes two lakes, seasonal swamps, peat swamp and some mangrove forest. Most of the area is covered with primary forests.
The Wana are the native people living in the reserve. About 600 families, comprising the Wana Kajurmangka and the Wana Uewaju, still live according to their ancient traditions. The Wana Kajurmangka live in the isolated area around Gunung Rapangusulemana while the Wana Uewaju have their villages in the east of the reserve.
The entrance of the reserve is in Kolonodale, which can be reached by bus from Ujung Pandang, Poso, Soroake, Palu en Tentena. Permits, guides and information are available at the KSDA office in Palu and the PHPA office in Kolonodale. The NGO Friends of Morowali http://www.lp3es.or.id/direktori/data/sulteng/sulteng_004.htm can also provide detailed information about the reserve and their inhabitants.
* Kolonodale
o Penginapan Lestari
o Penginapan Sederhana
o Penginapan Rejeki
* Morowali Nature Reserve
o Simple accommodation and food in local houses
KSDA, Jl.Prof.Moh.Yamin 17, Palu.
PHPA, Kolonodale.
Friends of Morowali, Penginapan Sederhana, Jl.Jend.A.Yani 154, Kolonodale.
There are several possibilities to trek through the reserve. Inquire at the PHPA or Friends of Morowali offices.
* Bear cuscus – Ailurops ursinus
* Celebes dwarf cuscus – Strigocuscus celebensis
* Sulawesi rousette – Rousettus celebensis
* Tonkean macaque – Macaca tonkeana
* Sulawesi tarsier – Tarsius spectrum
* Sulawesi palm civet – Macrogalidia musschenbroekii
* Malay civet – Viverra tangalunga
* Mountain anoa – Bubalus quarlesi
* Rusa deer – Cervus timorensis
* Babirusa – Babyrousa babyrussa
* Sulawesi warty pig – Sus celebensis
* Golden shrew-rat – Bunomys chrysocomus
* Trefoil-toothed giant rat – Lenomys meyeri
* [ ] – Maxomys wattsi
* House mouse – Mus musculus
* Pacific rat – Rattus exulans
* House rat – Rattus rattus

* Maleo – Macrocephalon maleo
* Wandering Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna arcuata
* Cotton Pygmy-goose – Nettapus coromandelianus
* Pacific Black Duck – Anas superciliosa
* Indonesian Teal – Anas gibberifrons
* Garganey – Anas querquedula
* Hardhead – Aythya australis
* Tufted Duck – Aythya fuligula
* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Blue-eared Kingfisher – Alcedo meninting
* Black-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Green-backed Kingfisher – Actenoides monachus
* Scaly-breasted Kingfisher – Actenoides princeps
* Yellow-crested Cockatoo – Cacatua sulphurea
* Red-eared Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus fischeri
* Grey-headed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula radiata
* White Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula luctuosa
* Slaty-legged Crake – Rallina eurizonoides
* Buff-banded Rail – Gallirallus philippensis
* Slaty-breasted Rail – Gallirallus striatus
* Isabelline Waterhen – Amaurornis isabellinus
* White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
* White-browed Crake – Porzana cinerea
* Watercock – Gallicrex cinerea
* Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
* Dusky Moorhen – Gallinula tenebrosa
* Sulawesi Woodcock – Scolopax celebensis
* Pintail Snipe – Gallinago stenura
* Swinhoe’s Snipe – Gallinago megala
* Black-tailed Godwit – Limosa limosa
* Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica
* Little Curlew – Numenius minutus
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis

* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus * Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis * Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia * Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea * Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos * Great Knot – Calidris tenuirostris * Rufous-necked Stint – Calidris ruficollis * Long-toed Stint – Calidris subminuta * Broad-billed Sandpiper – Limicola falcinellus * Red-necked Phalarope – Phalaropus lobatus * Comb-crested Jacana – Irediparra gallinacea * Beach Thick-knee – Esacus neglectus * White-headed Stilt – Himantopus leucocephalus * Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva * Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola * Little Ringed Plover – Charadrius dubius * Malaysian Plover – Charadrius peronii * Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus * Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii * Oriental Plover – Charadrius veredus * Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii * Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana * Little Tern – Sterna albifrons * Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus * Brown Noddy – Anous stolidus * Osprey – Pandion haliaetus * Spotted Harrier – Circus assimilis * Little Grebe – Tachybaptus ruficollis * Masked Booby – Sula dactylatra * Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster * Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster * Little Pied Cormorant – Phalacrocorax melanoleucos * Little Black Cormorant – Phalacrocorax sulcirostris * Yellow Bittern – Ixobrychus sinensis * Schrenck’s Bittern – Ixobrychus eurhythmus * Cinnamon Bittern – Ixobrychus cinnamomeus * Black Bittern – Ixobrychus flavicollis * Japanese Night-Heron – Gorsachius goisagi * Little Egret – Egretta garzetta * Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra * Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana * Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea * Intermediate Egret – Ardea intermedia * Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis * Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa * Striated Heron – Butorides striatus * Glossy Ibis – Plegadis falcinellus * Australian Pelican – Pelecanus conspicillatus * Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus * Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor * Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel * Streaked Shearwater – Calonectris leucomelas* Zitting Cisticola – Cisticola juncidis

* Fin-tailed Lizard – Hydrosaurus amboinensis
 ....  read more

Central Sulawesi Bankiriang Wildlife Reserve

Central Sulawesi

Bankiriang Wildlife Reserve

The proposed Bakiriang Wildlife Reserve is located about 96 km southwest of Luwuk in Banggai district and comprises an area of 1,000 ha. The site consists of a white sandy beach, which is heavily used as a nesting ground by the endemic Maleo, and a narrow forested area behind it.
Take a bus from Simpong station in Luwuk heading for Toli and get out in Bakiriang.

* Luwuk
o Many possibilities

* Maleo – Macrocephalon maleo
Macaca tonkeana
Sus celebensis

A white sandy sea beach, heavily used by a large population of Maleo birds Macrocephalon maleo as nesting ground. A narrow forested strip and part of the forest area behind the shore are also included. Site Location Bakiriang is located on 70 km ENE of Tomari Bay, Kabupaten Banggai, Central Sulawesi.

The habitat of the endangered macrocephalon maleo (maleo bird) in Banggai district has been reduced to 625 hectares of the 12,500 ha wildlife reserve set by the Forest Ministry in 1982, an official said.

“Rampant illegal logging in the past two decades had caused a e significant decrease in the habitat of the bird which is on the brink of extinction,” Banggai district forest and plantation office head Djalal Yunus said here Sunday as the Antara News report explains.

Irresponsible people opened forests in Bakiriang area recklessly for cacao, coffee and other food crop plantations and sold logs to people outside Bakiriang forests, he said.

To make thing worse, around 1,000 people have lived in the Bakiriang wildlife reserve in the past years.

“According to an investigation by the Banggai district administration, in 2003 the number of people living in the protected reached only 300,” Djalal said.

He criticised the local administration for letting an oil palm plantation company PT Kurnia Luwuk Sejati to operate in 600 ha of land.

Meanwhile, Banggai customary people forum head Hideo Amir asked the forestry ministry to take precautionary steps to save the Bakiriang wildlife reserve from total distruction as well as take stern action against tree fellers and irresponsible people including officials who had been selling plots of land since the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has given special attention to the wildlife reserve.

Central Sulawesi Danau Matano Nature Recreation Park

Central Sulawesi

Danau Matano Nature Recreation Park

Latitude : 2 29 27 S Logitude : 121 22 22 E
Altitude : 400 to 1346 metres
Area : 30000 ha Wetlands: 18848 ha
Legislation : SK Mentan No. 274/Kpts/Um/4/79.
Tenure : PHPA
Site Description
The two lakes are the uppermost of a complex of three sets of lakes positioned one above each other: Lake Matano, Lake Mahalano, Lake Towuti. A large lake system surrounded by 2,000 ha of wet lowland forest and forested hills (12,000 ha). The size of Lake Matano is 16,408 ha and Lake Mahalona is 2,440 ha. There is some open secondary forest to the southwest. The area is highly disturbed by nickel mining at Soroako, which has contaminated runoff from shifting cultivation. Heavy siltation of the lake bottom has occurred (Indonesian Wetland Inventory 1987) Lake Matano has two sub-basinds, the west basin in 595 m deep while the east basin 485 m deep. Echosounding of the lake bottom shows a rather flat bottom. Indication of turbidity currents has been recorded. Although not accurately measured but currents along the longest axis of the lake is very strong. Principal vegetation: Callophyllum spp.
List of Birds (2 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Halcyon chloris
Macrocephalon maleo Vulnerable App I

List of Mammals (3 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Babyrousa babyrussa Vulnerable App I
Bubalus depressicornis Endengered App I
Macaca maura Endengered App II

List of Fish (20 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Anabas testudineus
Anguilla marmorata
Anguilla nebulosa
Aplocheilus panchax
Channa striata
Clarias batrachus
Cyprinus carpio
Dermogenys megarrhamphus Lower Risk
Dermogenys weberi Vulnerable
Glossogobius matanensis Vulnerable
Monopterus albus
Mugilogobius latifrons Vulnerable
Oryzias mamoratus Vulnerable
Oryzias matanensis Vulnerable
Paratherina woltereckii Vulnerable
Tamanka sarasinorum Vulnerable
Telmatherina abendanoni Vulnerable
Telmatherina bonti
Telmatherina celebensis Vulnerable
Trichogaster pectoralis

List of Mollusks (8 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Bellamya rudipellis
Brotia germifera
Brotia molesta
Brotia monacha
Brotia patriarchalia
Brotia policolarum
Brotia zeamais
Corbicula matannensis

List of Reptiles (2 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Crocodylus sp.
Varanus sp.

List of Vegetations (26 species)

Species Red Data Book Cites
Calophyllum sp.
Cyperus halpan
Cyperus pumilus
Eleocharis atropurpurea
Eleocharis dulcis
Eleocharis geniculata
Eriocaulon longifolium
Fimbristylis celebica
Fimbristylis dichotoma
Fimbristylis schoenoides
Fuirena umbellata

Lepironia articulata
Lycopodium cernuum
Machaerina disticha
Najas graminea
Nepenthes mirabilis
Nymphoides parvifolia
Ottelia alismoides
Ottelia mesenterium
Panicum repens
Phragmites karka
Rhynchospora corymbosa
Rhynchospora rubra
Scirpus mucronatus
Scleria poaeformis
Utricularia bifida


Central Sulawesi Danau Sidenreng Nature Reserve

Central Sulawesi

Danau Sidenreng Nature Reserve

Location:4°00’S, 119°52’E; 25 km east of Parepare, Central Sulawesi.
Description of site:
A permanent freshwater lake in the lowlands of the southern peninsula of Sulawesi.
Climatic conditions:
Humid tropical climate with an average annual rainfall of 1,355 mm.
Principal vegetation:No information.
Land tenure:State owned (Indonesian Government).
Conservation measures taken:None.
Land use:Fishing.
Disturbances and threats:No information.
Economic and social values:
No information. The lake may have some potential for outdoor recreation and tourism.
Little information is available. The lake is known to support a population of the endemic fish Oryzias celebensis (Adrianichthyidae), and may still support a population of T. ladigesi (Atherinidae). Both these species are known only from this lake and Lake Tempe, six km to the southeast .