– North Sulawesi Bunaken Islands National Park Map

North Sulawesi

Bunaken Islands National Park

Proposed World Heritage

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 Bunaken is an island of 8 km², part of the Bunaken National Marine Park. Bunaken is located at the northern tip of the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia. It belongs administratively to the municipality of Manado. Scuba diving attracts many visitors to the island. Other sides of Bunaken. Bunaken National Park extends over an area of 890.65 km² of which only 3% is terrestrial, including Bunaken Island, as well as the islands of Manado Tua, Mantehage, Nain and Siladen. The waters of Bunaken National Marine Park are up to 1,566 m deep in Manado Bay, with temperatures ranging between 27 to 29 °C. It has a high diversity of – corals, fish, echinoderms or sponges. Notably, 7 of the 8 species of giant clams that occur in the world, occur in Bunaken. It also claims to have seven times more genera of coral than Hawaii,and has more than 70% of all the known fish species of the Indo-Western Pacific. Oceanic currents may explain, in part, why Bunaken National Marine Park has such a high level of biodiversity. Northeasternly currents generally sweep through the park but abundant counter currents and gyros related to lunar cycles are believed to be a trap for free swimming larvae. This is particularly true on the south side of the crescent-shaped Bunaken Island, lying in the heart of the park. A snorkeler or diver in the vicinity of Lekuan or Fukui may spot over 33 species of butterfly fish and numerous types of groupers, damsels, wrasses and gobies. The gobies, smallish fish with bulging eyes and modified fins that allow them to attach to hard surfaces, are the most diverse but least known group of fish in the park.

North Sulawesi Bunaken Islands national Park Introduction

North Sulawesi

Bunaken Islands national Park Introduction

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Bunaken National Park is very representative of Indonesian tropical water ecosystems, consisting of seagrass plain, coral reef, and land/coastal ecosystems.
The northern part of the Park area covers the islands of Bunaken, Manado Tua, Montehage, Siladen, Nain and Nain Kecil, and part of the Tanjung Pisok coastal area. The southern part of the Park covers part of the Tanjung Kelapa coast.
On land, these islands are rich in species of palm, sagu, woka, silar and coconut. Among the animal species that live on the land and the beaches are black-crested macaques (Macaca nigra nigra), Timor deer (Cervus timorensis russa), and bear-cuscus (Ailurops ursinus ursinus).
The mangrove forest of the Park contains, among others, Rhizophora sp., Sonneratia sp., Lumnitzera sp., and Bruguiera sp. This forest is also rich in species of crab, lobster, mollusc, and sea birds such as gulls, herons, sea doves, and storks.
The seaweed species that can be found here include Caulerpa sp., Halimeda spp., and Padina spp., while the dominant seagrasses, in particular in the islands of Montehage and Nain, are Thalassia hemprichii, Enhallus acoroides, and Thalassodendron ciliatum.
Thirteen species of coral have been recorded in the waters of the Park, dominated by fringing reef coral and barrier reef coral. An interesting feature is the 25-50 metre vertical coral wall which is inhabited by 13 coral genus.
About 91 species of fish live in the waters of the Park, among them being the emperor angelfish (Pomacanthus imperator), almaco jack (Seriola rivoliana), spotted seahorse (Hippocampus kuda), yellowstripe snapper (Lutjanus kasmira), four saddle rock cod (Ephinephelus spilotoceps), pinkish basslet (Pseudanthias hypselosoma), two-lined monocle bream (Scolopsis bilineatus), etc.; and species of mollusc such as the great clam (Tridacna gigas), horned helmet (Cassis cornuta), pearly-chambered nautili (Nautilus pompillius), and ascidians.
There are five islands in the Park where visitors can enjoy diving, snorkelling and marine tours.
Cultural attractions outside the Park include the Anniversary of Manado in July and Menulude in January, in Manado.
Best time of year to visit: May to August.
How to reach the Park: The Park can be reached from Manado harbour, the Nusantara Diving Centre (NDC) Marina in Molas sub-district, and the Blue Banter Marina. From Manado harbour by motor boat to Siladen Island takes 20 minutes; to Bunaken Island, 30 minutes; to Montehage Island, 50 minutes; and to Nain Island, 60 minutes. From Blue Banter Marina heading to the recreation area on Bunaken takes 10 15 minutes by cabin cruiser. From the NDC harbour to the dive sites off Bunaken takes 20 minutes by speedboat.
Office: Jl. Raya Molas, Kotak Pos 1202
Manado 95242, North Sulawesi
Tel. : +62-431-859022
E-mail: tnb@manado.wasantara.net.id
a total area of 89,065 hectares
Location : Regency of Minahasa and Municipality of Manado (Province of North Sulawesi)
Dry season March to October
* Bear Cuscus – Ailurops ursinus
* Sulawesi dwarf cuscus – Strigocuscus celebensis
* Celebes black macaque – Macaca nigra
* Spectral tarsier – Tarsius spectrum
* Long-beaked common dolphin – Delphinus cf. capensis
* Pygmy killer whale – Feresa attenuata
* Short-finned pilot whale – Globicephala macrorhynchus
* Risso’s dolphin – Grampus griseus
* Fraser’s dolphin – Lagenodelphis hosei
* Killer whale – Orcinus orca
* Melon-headed whale – Peponocephala electra
* False killer whale – Pseudorca crassidens
* Pan-tropical spotted dolphin – Stenella attenuata
* Spinner dolphin – Stenella longirostris
* Rough-toothed dolphin – Steno bredanensis
* Bottle-nose dolphin – Tursiops truncatus
* Dwarf sperm whale – Kogia simus
* Sperm whale – Physeter macrocephalus
* Celebes warty pig – Sus celebensis

* Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
* Black-billed Kingfisher – Pelargopsis melanorhyncha
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Oriental Cuckoo – Cuculus saturatus
* Black-billed Koel – Eudynamys melanorhyncha
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Great-billed Parrot – Tanygnathus megalorynchos
* Sulawesi Hanging-Parrot – Loriculus stigmatus
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Grey-rumped Treeswift – Hemiprocne longipennis
* Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
* White-faced Cuckoo-Dove – Turacoena manadensis
* Pink-necked Green-Pigeon – Treron vernans
* Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
* Barred Rail – Gallirallus torquatus
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
* Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Grey-tailed Tattler – Tringa brevipes
* Red-necked Phalarope – Phalaropus lobatus
* Common Black-headed Gull – Larus ridibundus
* Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
* Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Woolly-necked Stork – Ciconia episcopus
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus

* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* White-rumped Cuckooshrike – Coracina leucopygia
* Hair-crested Drongo – Dicrurus hottentottus
* Grey-streaked Flycatcher – Muscicapa griseisticta
* Asian Glossy Starling – Aplonis panayensis
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Black-crowned White-eye – Zosterops atrifrons
* Grey-sided Flowerpecker – Dicaeum celebicum
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis

* Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
* Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
* Leatherback Turtle – Dermochelys coriacea
* Common Sun Skink – Mabuya multifasciata
* – Lamprolepis sp.
* Green Whip Snake – Ahaetulla prasina
* Colubrine Sea Snake – Laticauda colubrina

* Anthias – Anthias spp.
* Trumpetfish – Aulostomus chinensis
* Triggerfish – Balistidae
* Blenny – Blenniidae
* Fusilier – Caesionidae
* Jack – Carangidae
* Butterflyfish – Chaetodontidae
* Stingray – Dasyatididae
* Batfish – Ephippidae
* Sweetlips Haemulidae
* Wrasse – Labridae
* Coelacanth – Latimeria menadoensis
* Snapper – Lutjanidae
* Manta Ray – Mobulidae
* Moray Eel – Murenidae
* Flathead – Platycephalidae
* Parrot Fish – Scaridae
* Tuna – Scombridae
* Scorpionfish – Scorpaenidae
* Shark – Selachii
* Barracuda – Sphyraenidae
* Pipefish – Syngnathidae
* Puffer – Tetradontidae
* Moorish Idol – Zanclus cornutus

* Giant Clam – Tridacna gigas


* Acropora spp.
* Pocillopora spp.