Ixobrychus flavicollis, Black Bittern, Bambangan Hitam

Ixobrychus flavicollis, Black Bittern, Bambangan Hitam

The Black Bittern, IxobIxobrychus flavicollis, Black Bittern,  Bambangan Hitamrychus flavicollis, is a bittern of Old World origin, breeding in tropical Asia from Pakistan, India and Sri Lanka east to China, Indonesia and Australia. It is mainly resident, but some northern birds migrate short distances.
This is a fairly large species at 58cm in length, with a longish neck and long yellow bill. The adult is uniformly black above, with yellow neck sides. It is whitish below, heavily streaked with brown. The juvenile is like the adult, but dark brown rather than black.

Their breeding habitat is reedbeds. They nest on platforms of reeds in shrubs, or sometimes in trees. 3-5 eggs are laid. They can be difficult to see, given their skulking lifestyle and reedbed habitat, but tend to fly fairly frequently, when the all black upperparts makes them unmistakable.

Black Bitterns feed on insects, fish and amphibians.

Conservation Status
Australia

Black Bitterns are not listed as threatened on the Australian Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
[edit] State of Victoria, Australia

* The Black Bittern is listed as threatened on the Victorian Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (1988). Under this Act, an Action Statement for the recovery and future management of this species has not yet been prepared.

* On the 2007 advisory list of threatened vertebrate fauna in Victoria, the Black Bittern is listed as vulnerable.

– East Papua, Wasur National Park 120 Birds

East Papua, Wasur National Park 120 Birds

Casuarius-casuarius-01-200

Megapodius-reinwardt-01-200

Anseranas-semipalmata-01-200 Dendrocygna-guttata--01-200
Casuarius-casuarius-sclaterii,
cassowary,
Kasuari Gelambir-ganda
Megapodius-reinwardt, Orange-footed Scrubfowl,
Gosong Kaki-merah

Anseranas semipalmata, Magpie Goose, 
Boha Wasur

Dendrocygna guttata, Spotted Whistling Duck,  Belibis Totol

Dendrocygna-arcuata---01-200 Tadorna-radjah-01-200

Nettapus-pulchellus-01-200

Anas-superciliosa-01-200

Dendrocygna-arcuata, Wandering Whistling Duck, 
Belibis Kembang

Tadorna radjah,
Raja Shelduck, 
Umukia Raja

Nettapus pulchellus,
Green Pygmy Goose,
 Trutu Coklat

Anas superciliosa ,
Pacific Black Duck,
Itik Gunung

Anas-querquedula--01-200

Aythya-australis-01-200

Aceros-plicatus-01-200

Alcedo-azurea-01-200

Anas-querquedula , Garganey, 
Itik Jurai

Aythya australis,
Hardhead, 

Kambangan Australis

Aceros plicatus,
Papuan Hornbill,
Blyth’s Hornbill,
Julang Irian

Alcedo azurea,
Azure Kingfisher,  Rajaudang Biru-langit

Alcedo-pusilla-01-200

Dacelo-leachii-01-200

Dacelo-tyro-01-200

Dacelo-gaudichaud-01-200

Alcedo pusilla,
Little Kingfisher,  Rajaudang Kecil

Dacelo-leachii,
Blue-winged Kookaburra,
Kukabura Sayap-biru

Dacelo tyro,
Spangled Kookaburra,  Kukabura Aru

Dacelo gaudichaud,
Rufous-bellied Kookaburra, 
Kukabura Perut-merah

Clytoceyx-rex-01-200

Todirhamphus-chloris-03-200

Todiramphus-sanctus-02-200 Melidora-macrorrhina-01-200

Clytoceyx rex,
Shovel-billed Kingfisher,  Rajaudang Paruh-sekop

Todirhamphus chloris, 
Collared Kingfisher,   Cekakak Sungai

Todiramphus sanctus, Sacred Kingfisher,
Cekakak Australia

Melidora macrorrhina, Hook-billed Kingfisher,  Rajaudang Paruh-kait

Syma-torotoro-01-200

Probosciger-aterrimus-01-200

Cacatua-galerita-01-200

Cacatua-galerita-01-200

Syma torotoro,
Yellow-billed Kingfisher

Probosciger aterrimus,
Palm Cockatoo, 

Kakatua Raja

Cacatua galerita,
Sulphur-crested Cockatoo,
Kakatua putih besar

Cacatua-sanguinea,
Little Corella,
Kakatua Rawa

Lorius-lory-01-200

Podargus-papuensis-01-200

Ducula-bicolor--01-200 Goura-victoria-01-200

Lorius lory,
Black-capped Lory, 
Kasturi Kepala-hitam

Podargus papuensis,
Papuan Frogmouth,  Paruhkodok Papua

Ducula bicolor,
Pied Imperial Pigeon,  Pergam Laut

Goura victoria,
Victoria Crowned Pigeon,  Mambruk Victoria

Ardeotis-australis-01-200 Grus-rubicunda-01-200

Rallina-tricolor-01-200

Porphyrio-porphyrio--01-200

Ardeotis-australis, Australian Bustard,
Kalkunpadang Australia
Grus-rubicunda,
Brolga,
Jenjang Brolga

Rallina tricolor,
Red-necked Crake, 
Tikusan Tukar

Porphyrio-porphyrio,
Purple Swamphen,
Kuaukerdil Sumatera

Limosa-limosa---01-200

Limosa-lapponica-01-200

Numenius-phaeopus-01-200 Numenius-madagascariensis-01-200

Limosa-limosa,
Black-tailed Godwit, 
Biru laut Ekor-hitam

Limosa lapponica,
Bar-tailed Godwit, 
Biru laut Ekor-blorok

Numenius phaeopus ,
Whimbrel,
Gajahan Penggala
Numenius madagascariensis , Eastern Curlew,
Gajahan Timur

Tringa-stagnatilis-01-200

Tringa-nebularia---01-200

Tringa-glareola-01-200 Tringa-cinerea-01-200

Tringa-stagnatilis,
Marsh Sandpiper,
Trinil Rawa

Tringa nebularia,
Common Greenshank,
 Trinil Kaki-hijau

Tringa-glareola,
Wood Sandpiper,
Trinil semak

Tringa cinerea, 
Terek Sandpiper

Tringa-hypoleucos-01-200

Arenaria-interpres-01-200

Limnodromus-semipalmatus-01-200

Limicola-falcinellus-01-200

Tringa-hypoleucos,
Common Sandpiper

Arenaria interpres,
Ruddy Turnstone,
Trinil Pembalik-batu

Limnodromus semipalmatus,
Asian Dowitcher,

Blukok asia

Limicola falcinellus,
Broad-billed Sandpiper,  Kedidi Paruh-lebar

Phalaropus-lobatus-01-200

Haematopus-longirostris-01-200

Himantopus-leucocephalus-01-200

Phalaropus-lobatus,
Red-necked Phalarope,  Kakirumbai Kecil

Haematopus longirostris, Pied Oystercatcher, Kedidir Belang

Himantopus leucocephalus,
White-headed Stilt,  Gagangbayang Belang

Pluvialis fulva ,
Pacific Golden Plover , Cerek kernyut

Pluvialis-squatarola-01-200

Charadrius-mongolus-01-200

Charadrius-leschenaultii-01-200

Erythrogonys-cinctus-01-200

Pluvialis-squatarola,
Grey Plover, 
 Cerek Besar

Charadrius mongolus,
Lesser Sand Plover,
Cerekpasir Mongolia

Charadrius leschenaultii, Greater Sand Plover, 
Cerek pasir Besar

Erythrogonys cinctus,
Red-kneed Dotterel, 
Cerek Lutut-merah

Larus-novaehollandiae-01-200

Sterna-bergii-01-200

Sterna-sumatrana--01-200 Sterna-hirundo---01-200

Larus novaehollandiae, Silver Gull, 
Camar Perak

Sterna bergii,
Swift Tern, 
Daralaut Jambul

Sterna sumatrana,
Black-naped Tern, 
Daralaut Tengkuk-hitam

Sterna hirundo,
Common Tern, 
Daralaut Biasa

Sterna-dougallii-01-200

Sterna-bengalensis--01=200

Anous-stolidus-01-200 Pandion-haliaetus-01-200

Sterna-dougallii,
Roseate Tern, 
Daralaut Jambon 

Sterna-bengalensis,
Lesser Crested Tern,  Daralaut Benggala 

Anous stolidus,
Brown Noddy,  Camarangguk Coklat

Pandion-haliaetus,
Osprey,
Elang Tiram
Elanus-caeruleus-01-200

Milvus-migrans-01-200

Haliastur-sphenurus-01-200 Haliastur-indus-02-200
Elanus caeruleus,
Black-winged Kite,
Elang Tikus

Milvus migrans,
Black Kite, 
Elang Paria

Haliastur sphenurus,  Whistling Kite, 
Elang Siul
Haliastur indus ,
Brahminy kite ,
Elang bondol
Haliaeetus-leucogaster-01-200

Circus-approximans-01-200

Accipiter-fasciatus-01-200 Harpyopsis-novaeguineae-01-200
Haliaeetus-leucogaster, White-bellied Fish Eagle,
Elanglaut Perut-putih

Circus approximans,
Swamp Harrier, 
Elangrawa Coklat

Accipiter fasciatus,
Brown Goshawk, 
Elangalap Coklat

Harpyopsis novaeguineae, Papuan Eagle, 
Rajawali Papua

Aquila-gurneyi-01-200

Aquila-audax-01-200

Hieraaetus-morphnoides-01-200 Falco-severus-01-200

Aquila gurneyi,
Gurney’s Eagle, 
Rajawali Kuskus

Aquila audax,
Wedge-tailed Eagle,  Rajawali Ekor-baji

Hieraaetus morphnoides,
Little Eagle, 
Elang Kecil

Falco-severus,
Oriental Hobby,
Alap-alap Macan

Falco-longipennis-01-200

Tachybaptus-ruficollis--01-200

Tachybaptus-novaehollandiae--01-200 Sula-sula--01-200

Falco longipennis, Australian Hobby, 
Alapalap Australia

Tachybaptus-ruficollis,
Little Grebe, 

Titihan Jelaga

Tachybaptus-novaehollandiae, Australasian Grebe, 
Titihan Australia

Sula-sula,
Red-footed Booby,  Angsabatu Kakimerah

Sula-leucogaster-01-200

Anhinga-novaehollandiae-01-200

Phalacrocorax-melanoleucos--01=200 Phalacrocorax-sulcirostris---01-200

Sula-leucogaster,
Brown Booby,
Angsa-batu coklat

Anhinga novaehollandiae, Australian Darter

Phalacrocorax melanoleucos, 
Little Pied Cormorant

Phalacrocorax-sulcirostris, Little Black Cormorant,  Pecuk padi Hitam

Phalacrocorax-carbo-01-200

Ixobrychus-sinensis-01-200

Ixobrychus-flavicollis-01-200

Nycticorax-caledonicus-01-200

Phalacrocorax carbo,
Great Cormorant,  Pecukpadi Besar

Ixobrychus-sinensis,
Yellow Bittern,

Bambangan Kuning

Ixobrychus flavicollis, Black Bittern, 
Bambangan Hitam

Nycticorax-caledonicus, Nankeen Night Heron,
Kowakmalam Merah

Egretta-novaehollandiae-02

Egretta-garzetta-nigripes--02-200

Egretta-sacra-01-200

Ardea-pacifica-01-200

Egretta novaehollandiae, White-faced Heron,
Kuntul Australia

 Egretta garzetta nigripes, Little Egret,
Kuntul Kecil

Egretta sacra ,
Eastern Reef Egret
Kuntul Karang

Ardea pacifica,
White-necked Heron,  Cangak Pasifik

Ardea-sumatrana--02-200

Ardea-alba-01-200

Ardea-intermedia-01-200

Ardea-picata-01-200

Ardea-sumatrana,
Great-billed Heron, 
Cangak Laut

Ardea alba,
Great Egret, 
Cangak Besar

Ardea intermedia, Intermediate Egret

Ardea picata,
Pied Heron

Bubulcus-ibis-01-200 Butorides-striatus-02-200

Plegadis-falcinellus--01-200

Threskiornis-molucca-01-200
Bubulcus ibis ,
Cattle Egret ,
Kuntul Kerbau
Butorides striatus ,
Striated Heron,
Kokokan Laut

Plegadis-falcinellus,
Glossy Ibis, 
Ibis Rokoroko

Threskiornis molucca, Australian White Ibis,
Ibis Australia

Threskiornis-spinicollis-01-200

Platalea-regia--01-200

Pelecanus-conspicillatus---01-200

Ephippiorhynchus-asiaticus-01-200

Threskiornis spinicollis, Straw-necked Ibis, 
Ibis Papua

Platalea regia,
Royal Spoonbill, 
Ibis sendok Raja

Pelecanus-conspicillatus, Australian Pelican, 
Undan Kacamata

Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus, Black-necked Stork,  Bangau Leher-hitam

Pitta-versicolor-01-200

Philemon-sub-corniculatus-01-200

Philemon-sub-corniculatus-01-200 Entomyzon-cyanotis-01-200

Pitta versicolor.
Noisy Pitta, 
Paok Lantang

Philemon citreogularis,
Little Friarbird, 

Cikukua Kecil

Philemon-sub-corniculatus,
Noisy Friarbird,

Madu Seram besar

Entomyzon cyanotis,
Blue-faced Honeyeater,  Isapmadu Muka-biru

Manucodia-atra-01-200

Ptiloris-magnificus-01-200

Cicinnurus-regius-rex-01-200

Seleucidis-melanoleuca-01-200

Manucodia atra,
Glossy-mantled Manucode, 
Manucodia Kilap

Ptiloris magnificus, Magnificent Riflebird ,
Toowa Cemerlang

Cicinnurus-regius-rex,
King Bird of Paradise,
Cendrawasih Raja

Seleucidis melanoleuca, Twelve-wired
Bird-of-paradise, 

Cendrawasih Mati-kawat

 

Paradisea-apoda-01-200

Dicrurus-bracteatus-01-200

Lonchura-leucosticta-01-200

Paradisea-apoda,
Greater Bird of Paradise,
Cendrawasih Besar

Dicrurus bracteatus, Spangled Drongo, 
Srigunting Lencana

Lonchura-leucosticta, Spotted Munia