– West Papua National Parks, Nature Reserves Map

West Papua Nature Reserves

West Papua, National Park, Park Nasional, Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam,  Wildlife Reserve, Suaka Margasatwa,  Hunting Game Reserve, Taman Buru,  Grand Forest Park, Taman Hutan Raya,  Nature and Recreation Park, Taman Wisata Alam,

kaimana, map, kaimana map, nature reserve

1 National Parks

Cendrawasih National Park

5 Nature Reserves

Batanta Barat Nature Reserve
Pegunungan Arfak Nature Reserve
Jamursba-Medi, Sausapor and Wewe-Koor Nature Reserves
Pegunungan Tamrau Nature Reserves
Teluk Bintuni Nature Reserve

38 Proposed Nature Reserves

Ajamaru Lakes Nature Reserve
Anggi Lakes (Gigi and Cita East) Nature Reserve
Berlat Nature Recreation Park
Danau Jamur
Nature Reserve
Gunung Meja Nature Recreation Park
Gunung Wagura-Kote Nature Reserve
Jamursba-Mandi Nature Reserve
Kepulauan Asia dan Ajoe Wildlife Sanctuary
Kepulauan Panjang Nature Recreation Park
Kepulauan Raja Empat Game Reserve
Klamono Nature Recreation Park
Kumawa Mountains Nature Reserve
Misool Selatan Nature Reserve
Mingima Wildlife Sanctuary
Pasir Putih Nature Recreation Park
Pegunungan Fakfak Nature Reserve
Pegunungan Kumawa
Pulau Dolok Wildlife Sanctuary
Pulau Kofian Nature Reserve
Pulau Misool Selatan Nature Reserve
Pulau Mapia Wildlife Sanctuary
Pulau Sayang Wildlife Sanctuary
Pulau Venu Nature Recreation Park
Pulau Waigeo Barat Nature Reserve
Pulau Waigeo Timur Nature Reserve
Salawati Utara Nature Reserve
Sabuda Tataruga Wildlife Reserve
Sausapor Nature Reserve
Sidei-Wibain Nature Reserve
Sorong Nature Recreation Park
Sungai Kais
Nature Reserve
Tamrau Selatan
Nature Reserve
Tamrau Utara
Nature Reserve
Tanjung Mubrani-Sidei-Wibain* I-II Nature Recreation Park
Teluk Lelintah Wildlife Sanctuary
Teluk Sansafor Nature Reserve

Baliem Valley resort, Wamena

Baliem Valley resort, Wamena

http://www.baliem-valley-resort.com/

Click to Enlarge !

Baliem-Resort-01-800

Click to Enlarge !

Baliem-Resort-02-800

Click to Enlarge !

Baliem-Resort-03-800

Click to Enlarge !

Baliem-Resort-04-800

Click to Enlarge !

Baliem-Resort-05-800

The Baliem Valley Resort is located at 1900 meters above sea level, in the Central Highlands of Papua, part of New Guinea Island in the most east part of Indonesian Archipelago. This 3-star resort resides on 1,100 hectares near the tribal village of Desa Sekan, is enriched with magnificent views of the forest and surrounded by beautiful untouched nature. Enjoy trekking through the orchid garden, alpine rainforests and visit the remote Dani villages.

The unique open-air lounge is surrounded with mountains scenery. Actually, the construction is modeled after the tree houses of the Korowai tribe, although our lounge is built on reinforced concrete. Enjoy a fresh breakfast or a sweet romantic candle light dinner in this unforgettable setting. The lounge is colorized by green cloudy mountain and lush tropical forest in the morning and by the moon and the stars at night. The loveliest memory you ever have.

Orchid Meadows

Have a wonderful walk through the natural gardens around the resort refreshing your body, mind and soul. The most special characteristic of this garden is that the plants are grown naturally in the grazing land. You will find there are many varieties of orchids in Baliem that you will not find in any other land. To preserve the plants, we are not allowed to pick the flower or to take the plant out of the garden.

Restaurant

Offers seat capacity for 60 guests, including the open-air terrace. The restaurant serves both international and Indonesian cuisine with local vegetables and fruits. You are also offered local entertainment including a special live music event performed by Lani and Lani. A modern TV-DVD and CD station are also provided with a selection of various films about the nature and local living on Papua Island.
 

Dining

The unique open-air lounge, with seating capacity for 60, is modeled after the tree houses of the Korowai tribe and surrounded with mountains scenery. Enjoy a fresh breakfast or a sweet romantic candle light dinner in this unforgettable setting.

The restaurant serves both international and Indonesian cuisine with local vegetables and fruits. You are also provided local entertainment.

Exhibition displays many objects of different culture, including a collection of rare ancestor-poles from Coastal-Asmat with up to 8 meters length, dance-costumes, war-shields, wooden statues, weapons and objects of daily life.

“Stone Age” Bar
Our professional bartender at the “Stone Age” Bar is ready to spoil your appetites with various alcoholic beverages, including our signature drink the “Headhunters Cocktail”.

Shuttle service (2 shuttles, capacity 12 seats per car).

2 rubber boats with capacity for 20 people.

Room Type Published Rate Internet Rate
Deluxe Bungalow + Breakfast US$ 190 US$ 150
Extra Bed + Breakfast US$  30 US$  30

High Season Surcharge:

High season surcharge of US$ 25 per room or villa applies, from 1st to 31st of August & from 20th of December to 5th of January.

Baliem-Resort-06-800

Jayapura

Jayapura

Click to Enlarge

Jayapura-01-800

Jayapura is the capital and largest city in Papua, Indonesia. The city has also been known in the past as Hollandia (1910-1962), Kota Baru 1962-1963) and even Sukarnopura (1963-1968).

International travel to Jayapura is almost non-existent and as such you are unlikely to meet other tourists. But many missionaries from around the world actually work here. This seems to mean that tourist touts are rare and beggars are not in the city. Furthermore, the closest thing a market stall holder will do to have you look at their goods is smile.

On the other hand, it also means that very few people speak English(but now days, more and more people actualy do), everyone wants to take a photo of you, and that arranging sightseeing activities may require more legwork that other destinations.

 Get in

Flights from Jakarta land in Sentani airport, Jayapura, about 60 KM from downtown.

Overland from Papua New Guinea takes around 3 hours drive from Vanimo. For visitors coming from PNG an Indonesian visa can be arranged at the consulate in either Port Moresby or Vanimo. Public Motor Vehicles travel regularly between Vanimo and the Wutung border crossing (K10 / 50 mins). Once across the Indonesian border there are taxis into Jayapura (RP 200,000 per person / 2 Hours).

Get around

The public transport system consists of numerous minivans which have their destination route printed on the side. Each trip usually costs RP 2000 per person.

Dedicated drivers can be arranged through the Bel-Swiss hotel for around RP 600,000 per day.

 See

The General MacArthur memorial is set on a hill overlooking Jayapura harbor and city. Whilst the memorial itself is basic the steepness of the terrain makes the site a spectacular vantage point. A number of old Dutch colonial houses can also be seen on the road up to the memorial.

Hamadi Beach is a local harbor beach near the city. On the beach are four large artillery embankments from the second world war. Further down the beach are the local fish markets. The beach itself is not very well kept and covered in rubbish. However, at night a number of food stalls are set up and provides plenty of atmosphere.

White sands beach is an ocean beach a small drive out of the city. This beach is owned by local Papuans who charge a small entry fee (RP 20,000). In return for the fee they keep the beach clean of rubbish provide basic toilet facilities and shaded areas to sit. It is a picturesque beach with soft white sand and well worth a visit.

The area around the governors residence consists of old Dutch colonial villas, some of which still have what look to be traditional style gardens.

Santani Lake is outside Jayapura city itself (30 mins). It is a large freshwater lake surrounded by steep mountains. A small number of restaurants and guesthouses are located on the edge of the lake.

Lake Sentani

Lake Sentani

Click to Enlarge !

Sentani-01-800

Click to Enlarge !

sen-01-800

Click to Enlarge !

sentani-03-800

In the village of Taturi, stone paintings are a wonder worth visiting. Located on a small hill at the bank of the lake, it is a sight to record while canoeing. Another village offering a beautiful daytrip is the Doyo Lama, a place for rock painting art. It is a fantastic start to understand the culture of Papua.

Remnants of World War II scatter around the lake as it was an important command headquarters during the war. On one of the hills, on Mount Ifar, a monument has been built to commemorate American General McArthur’s military command in the Pacific and his victory. Many visitors consider it a must see tourist attraction as it also offers a spectacular view of the lake with as its background the Cyclops Mountains.

Villages around Lake Sentani have different customs, yet originate from  a few common cultures as evident from similar beliefs and rites. The Isolo, for example, is a  ceremony that unites the diverse cultures in the 24 villages around the lake. It is a ceremony staged when merchandise are delivered from one village to another. It can be also be seen as part of the Lake Sentani Festival staged during the month of June.

Asei Island is one of the artist’s homes in the vicinity of the lake. Asei islanders are known to create interesting motifs painted on bark cloths. Bark cloth is a traditional apparel for Sentani women, and mostly women are those who catch fish on the lake. Among the motifs are spirals that symbolize the swirls of Lake Sentani, there is the crocodile, the sawfish or swordfish of Sentani, as well as  combined motifs found in the Asmat Tribe like the bipane, a wild boar tusk symbol, and Asmat human figures. The sale of Asmat motifs at Lake Sentani is one of the unspoken understandings among the Papuan artists.

 The Lake Sentani Cultural Festival is a huge attraction staged yearly in Kalkote, Sentani.  Conducted at an altitude of 75 meters above sea-level, the festival stages war dances on boats, which is a spectacular attraction for visitors. Several lake-villages representatives from around Papua and Indonesia participate to show their skills and cultural similarities. Two previous festivals had been successfully staged on the Lake. Please visit www.sentanilakefestival.com for details.

Baliem Valley Wamena

Baliem Valley

Click on the map to see a larger image !

Baliem Valley , Map, Papua, wamena, dani,

Baliem Valley Detail

Click on the map to see a larger image !

Baliem Valley , Map, Papua, wamena, dani,

Waimena

 

Baliem Valley
The indigenous people of this province are Melanesians with black skins and curly hair. They generally have a root crop subsistence agriculture based on sweet potatoes and taros.
The people of Papua obtain their starch from the sago palm which gives and extremely generous yield for remarkably little effort. Feral and domesticated pigs on the island is originally came from Southeast Asia was an event which has had vast cultural and ritual significance for its people. Pigs are often treated as members of the family and are sometimes suckled by women.
While many other people of the world were still hunters and gatherers, Papua people had begun to garden. After fairly recently, many of them lived with a simple Stone Age Culture wearing little clothing and decorating their bodies with paintings, shells, pig tusks, feathers and skins. There is a plethora of language in the province, perhaps some 250 in all, each representing a tribal group which mixes little with the others. Some of the more remote groups still have virtually no contact with the outside world.
THE FLORA AND FAUNA
Papua Island may have the richest wildlife and concentration of plant life in all of Indonesia, or perhaps the world. No other islands in the archipelago can match its various kind of Birds of Paradise, Parrot families, pigeons and Flightless Cassowary.
This province is also home of 150 species of lizards, 30,000 species of beetles, 200 frogs and 800 spiders. A high percentage of the island’s 100 snake species are poisonous, including all 17 species of sea snakes.
There are altogether some 2,700 species of orchids found in Papua Province, 600 species that are medicinal importance and over 124 endemic genera. The lush vegetation of the province is in fact a deceptive cover over poor soils badly leached by heavy rain and containing no rich volcanic materials. Mangroves and Nipah Palms ensnare the brackish estuaries of the coast.
BALIEM VALLEY
The Baliem Valley, set in the central highland and the most visited part of the island, especially in recent years.
The highlights of sightseeing are Dani Market in WAMENA Town, WAUMA Village and, which can be easily reach on foot or by car from Wamena. Farther out are AIKIMA, with its 250 years old mummy, SUROBA, JIWIKA and neighbouring villages. With 2 hours climbing, you can see the salt spring where the Dani women make salt in primitive way fashion for centuries.
Outer adventures are southward to KURIMA area, where the Dani and Yali Tribes’ way of life mixed into a unique combination.
Situated on 1550 M above the sea level, the temperatures of the highland are ranged from 26 degrees Celsius at the day time and 12 degrees at night.
WAMENA
The main town of Baliem Valley is Wamena, the capital of Jayawijaya District. The town is a neat and an ideal base to explore nearby native villages and the countryside.
There is no land road connect the region to the province’s capital. It makes the town is expensive as everything of needs should be flown from Jayapura, where the most goods arrive from western Indonesia.

The Baliem Valley Resort Tours

http://www.baliem-valley-resort.de/englisch/main_e.htm

1. Wamena, Sinakma, Wesaput and surrounding
In the morning drive from the resort to the big native market in front of the town. Here you can meet hundrets of Dani who sell their agrarian products every day. Traditional arts and crafts like stoneaxes, grassnets, arrows and bows are sold, too.
Drive to the local market near the Wamena bridge. Again many interesting photo motivs.
Visit to the water power station at the upper course of the beautiful Wamena-River. Here we have lunch break surrounded by wonderful nature. Drive on to the powerful Baliem-River near Wesaput, where a big suspension bridge has to be crossed due to the traditional Dani hamlets on the other side of the river that we want to visit. Before we drive back to the Resort you have the possibility to make some small purchases in Wamena. 65,– 44,–
2. Saltspring, Kurulu-Mummy, traditional Dani hamlet
In the morning one hour drive to Jiwika in the central Baliem-Valley. Start of an one hour long walking-tour uphill (about 300 heightmeters) trough a beautiful mountain-rainforest to the traditional saltspring of a Dani clan. Native women in traditional costumes accompany us. They will demonstrate the old technics of the salt production. After the relegation we have lunch on the mountains base. After lunch we walk to the close Kurulu hamlet, where a very old mummy of the famous Dugum clan can be admired. Afterwards the women show us how the brought brine is processed. In the neighbourhood we see more picturesque hamlets. Everywhere the friendly natives offer their arts and crafts, weapons and curiosities. In the afternoon drive back to the Resort.
97,– 52,–
3. Traditional pig-cooking-party
All day long traditional “pig-festival” in an old Dani-hamlet within the Resorts´ area or in the Jiwika region. Many dressed up clanmembers in traditional costumes celebrate the party with us. A “pig-festival” with the hot stones and the earth pits is probably the most interesting thing to see on a travel to Irian Jaya. Photograhs and movie makers will totally be satisfied to day. The unique of such an event can hardly be described by words. You have to see it with your own eyes. Lunch will be inside the hamlet. Of course there is also the opportunity for each guest to eat out of the traditional earth pit. The fresh pig meat and the sweet potatoes taste delicious. Back to the Resort in the late afternoon. 205,– 98,–

Baliem Valley Map

Baliem Valley Map

Drive to the Habema lake and Sekan Mountain

(Possibility of this tour is depending on the extreme weather conditions!)
This tour should start early in the morning. Depending on the weather (rain!) the street through the high mountain rainforest can make a lot of problems. About three hours driving from the Resort up to the lake in a height of 3.200 meters (90 km). During the drive we pass many different vegetations of New Guinea. (…)
The great jungle trees are overgrown with moss, braids and climbing plants. A very unique flora. The Habema lake lies in the middle of a wide swamp, surrounded by a big amount of different plants such as orchids. When the weather is good one has a great few on the peak of the Mount Trikora (4.750m). Lunch next to the lake. Walking tours are possible. When the sun is shining there is even the possibility to have a swim in the lake (beach). In the afternoon back to the Resort. 165,– 92,–
5. Trekking Sekan Mountain
In the morning one hour long waking-tour directly to the top of the Sekan Mountain, the Resorts´ north border. Huge slabs build the peak region. Here one has a wonderful view over the southern Baliem-Valley and the Siepkosi-Valley with the Resort. Passing a beautiful vegetation with an innumerable number of flowers, orchids, carnivorous plants, mosses etc we walk back to the Resort where we have lunch in the restaurant. In the afternoon easy walking along the Resorts´ eastern border, passing lonely Dani places and cultivated farm land. Partly wonderful view into neighbourhood valleys. In the late afternoon we reach the Resort.
45,– 29,–

Baliem Valley Map, Baliem Valley

Trekking south Baliem-Gorge

6. Trekking south Baliem-Gorge
In the morning we drive to the southern Baliem-Valley. The road ends in a village called Sogogmo, about 3 km before Kurima. Our walking tour along the powerful Baliem-River begins here. First of all a suspension bridge has to be crossed. After that the tour goes on through romantic Dani settlements with terraced fields and wild groves of sugar-cane . All the time we have a wonderful view over the river and the narrow valley. In the early afternoon we reach the church of Seinma where we have lunch surrounded be a beautiful landscape.
Before we reach Kurima a suspension bridge has to be crossed again. And before we reach our bus some small side valleys have to be passed. Today one will find a lot of unique photo motives. In the late afternoon we reach the Resort. 94,– 51,–

Trekking Pugima-Valley

Drive in the morning to the church of Siepkosi. Our easy walking tour into the Pugima-Valley starts here. On our way we reach a cave where the Yuan-River comes back to the surface. The wide and fertile Pugima-Valley is highly populated by Mountain-Papuas.
In one of the farms we visit the valleys´ only pottery. Beautiful pottery is made here under very simple circumstances. Many objects have already found their way to the Resort´ inventory. In the early afternoon we reach the Baliem-River in the region of Wesaput, where we have lunch. Before we reach our bus a big suspension bridge has to be crossed. On our way back we pass Wamena where we have enough time for a short shopping .68,– 35,–

Drive to the Pass-Valley, Kotilola-Cave, Meagaima-Mummy

After breakfest we drive over Jiwika and Kurulu to the northern part of the Baliem-Valley. Few kilometers behind Kurulu we visit the famous Kotilola-Cave. The huge cave has partly broken down, a condition that allows a lush vegetation. Drive on northly to the market-place Uwosilomo where more photo motivs are waiting for us. From here we drive up the mountains to the Pass-Valley. Mountain forest along the way. Lunch break during our ride in a suitable surrounding. Small trips through the beautiful botany are possible. On our way back stop in Meagaima where a old chief-mummy can be seen in a small Dani-hamlet next to the Baliem-River (about 30 min walking). We reach the Resort in the late afternoon. 125,– 85,–

Baliem Valley Map

Baliem Valley Map

Drive to the Pyramid-Region in the north-western BaliemV.

Start in the morning. First of all we visit the big native market in Wamena. After that we dirve along the western side of the valley. Landscape in the west part is different compared to the east. the west is dominated by gras-savannas; often we pass high acacia woods near the river. All the time there is the possibility to make small photo stops. Small breaks in the bigger market places Elagaima and Kimbim. In the region of Pyramid a drive to the Magi-Mountain is planned (depends on weather- and streetcondition). Here we have a interesting view over the western Baliem-River. Lunch break in a suitable surrounding. The settlement of Pyramid in the northern Baliem-Valley was one of the first missionary stations in the early 50´s concerning the highlands of West-Papua. Later cosy drive back to the Resort. (180 kms altogether).
142,– 98,–

Voyage by boat on the Baliem-River

In the morning we drive to the north over Wamena until we reach the Assologaima region. With our bus and the big raft we can drive to the bank. Start of our voyage downstream until we reach the suspension bridge of Wesaput. The comfortable voyage passes beautiful fertile-woods and wild groves of sugar cane. All the time we see old, hidden Dani-hamlets in the shadows of big acacia-trees next to the river. We observe how Dani-women wash the sweet potaoes and sometimes we meet natives on their traditional one-tree-boats. In the afternoon we reach the suspension bridge of Wesaput where our car is waiting for us. We drive back to the Resort, after our raft ist savely tied on the cars´ roof . 205,– 108,–

Baliem Valley Map

Circuit along the Baliem-Gorge to the jungle in the south and over the
Trikora- Mountains and the Resort (one our long charter flight)

After breakfast drive to the terminal of the missionary airline called AMA ( Allied Mission Aviation). Before the flight every person and luggage has to be weight. The whole circuit will take about one hour (depends on the weather). The flight along the wild Baliem-Gorge down to the huge jungle of the deepland is a phantastic experience your will never forget. On the return we flligh along the Trikora-Mountains and make a big loop over the Siepkosi-Valley where our Resort is located. For the flight a four-seated Cessna-plane or an eight-seated Pilatus-Porter is used. After our circuit we have lunch in the Igoo-hamlet which is very close (mouth of the Wamena-river and the Baliem-river). After lunch we drive back to the Resort.Cessna 4-seated 480,– 245,–
Pilatus-Porter 8-seated 760,– 380,–

Baliem Valley Map

Mamberamo River

Mamberamo River

Click on the map to see a larger image !

papua, mambareo, mambareno river, West Papua, , east papua, Nature resources , bauzi

Mamberamo River

 

This trek takes you into the heart of Papua’s deepest mysteries, one of the few remaining areas on earth where only a handful of intrepid adventures have dared to go.

The Mamberamo River is the Amazon of Papua. Weaving its way through vast territories of virtually unexplored terrain. Within it’s watery reaches there live tribes, who to this day remain almost completely un-contacted by the outside world.

Initially traveling by boat up through the rivers in Waropen, then trekking over the Van Rees Mountains and finally reaching the upper Tariku (eastern Mamberamo) River.

The river trip down the Mamberamo is undertaken
by motorized canoe. Small tributary rivers lead into the tribal villages where you will encounter some of the most isolated people on the planet.

With trips to Papua, especially when exploring areas like the Mamberamo you learn to expect the unexpected. Like raw nature it is a dynamic place of constant change.
So, it is essential for those to be open minded and flexible about the itinerary.

In this day and age of global communication, advanced technology and high speed travel, there are still pockets of humanity who have had “no contact” with the outside world.

According to anthropologists the best place and highest probability to make a
“First Contact” is indeed Papua, in fact there are unexplored areas which harbour truly “stone age” tribes. People who have never experienced anything from our modern world, who have never seen or used metals. This is a humanity totally emmersed in the forces of pure nature. Whose tools come from what their environment has given them, from wood, stone and bone.

This “first contact” trek is not just another adventure travel tour, but a full-on exploratory expedition. In this “first contact” expedition we will be exploring one of the most beautiful and pristine rainforests in the world. We will be traveling into area where there are no roads, air-fields or helicopter landing pads. Where the challenges and treasures of total nature are experienced.

In this manner, there is no describing what can felt and realized on an expedition such as this. This “first contact” expedition requires extreme sensitivity and thus the exploratory party will be limited to only four people.

Kelly is confident in extending his services to include “first contact” because of his personal experience in this regard; on solo treks to remote areas, face to face with humans of a “completely” different nature and time.

Many great adventures have climbed to the summit of Mount Everest, but few have reached this deep into humanities long forgotten past.
The “First Contact” expedition 2005 was a success. In August I led two westerners, one American and one Swiss on the “First Contact” expedition. They both had extensive adventure travel resumes. But, what they experienced was like nothing they had ever seen before.

We flew by a charter plane into our starting point. The airfield is just mud and grass.
We gathered up our porters and then headed out from there.
We had around 20 porters because we expected to be out for around two weeks.
We trekked for a few days and along the way we picked up 3 traditional warriors,
who were clad in only a leaf covering their penises.

There was one porter/guide who had spotted a man in the forest several months before and this is where we wanted to go. We set up camp along a small river. Our guide told us that on the other side of the river was another tribe’s territory — a territory where none of our porters had ever visited even though it is only a few days walk away from their village. This tribe still uses bone and and stone tools and has never seen a white skinned or Indonesian person. This new tribe, Waira is very territorial and outsiders are not welcome. If you want to see them, you have to go into their territory because they never leave the area. We proceded to make a basecamp there, cutting down trees and making a pondok (bush shelter) for our porters to sleep under.

Then suddenly in the late afternoon we heard a group of men calling out from the other side of the river. Some of our porters huddled in the pondok, and others grabbed bows and arrows and ran down by the river to see who was there. Then all went silent and remained silent for another hour, when suddenly they were calling out again, but this time they were behind us, on the same side of the river as we were.

Our guide, who is from a different tribe, said he could only understand a few words of what they were saying. But, he knows it isn’t good. And now it’s dark and we know that they are somewhere out there, and we can’t see them.

My guide and I discuss strategies on how we should deal with this potentially dangerous sitiuation. We decide that he should try to find their camp (village) and try to explain that we mean no harm and have gifts to give them. Two traditional naked warriors follow with him, just in case there is a problem. They proceed to walk about 2 minutes out of camp when suddenly the new tribe screams out and starts shooting arrows at our guide. He lies flat in the mud and then runs back to basecamp. He is visiably shaken, but decides to go back in another hour or so.

He again leaves to find their location and two men go with him. He finds their camp (village) and yells out in the night to them. They come out of their huts and say that they will kill him.
He tries to get them to understand we come in peace and have gifts. They tell him, to the best of what he can understand, that they will come back to our pondok (bush shelter) in the morning. And if we are there they won’t be too happy.
Needless to say it was a rather restless evening. Porters were on watch throughout the night and my clients and I woke up around 4 am.
I immediately broke down our tents and we put most of our equipment inside the pondok.

We all sat around waiting. It was just barely light out and the forest was alive with the sounds of insects and birds of paradise. It was a very eerie feeling, just waiting for them to come. How would they react to us? Would they attack us?

Then suddenly out of nowhere, they started yelling out and charged into our camp. Half of the porters just took off running into the forest. They were scared to death. The other half plus our 3 traditional warriors stayed and in a weird show of force, our guys would run up to them and break their arrows as they tried to pull back on the bow. It was like a cross between some strange dance and a rugby scrum.
My clients were standing in front of the pondok taking photos, as this might have been our only opportunity to get photos of them. I’m watching the situation and keeping an eye on the guys as they break arrows. Then suddenly the chief breaks through and comes running at us. I say to my clients, “Oh no, here they come.” Two porters catch him
and break his arrows as he is trying to pull back on his bow.
We turn and start running in the opposite direction.

After a few more minutes of struggling with them, they leave. And then about 20 minutes later they came back. We were all gathered inside the pondok or in front of it.
They trashed our camp. Broke our plastic cups, smashed our pots and
pans and filled our tarp with arrows. And just like that, they ran away into the forest.

Our local guide told us that we should wait for a while and then try to follow the trail to their camp (village). We took with us about 6 porters and the 3 traditional warriors.
All of our guys brought bows and arrows with them. We followed their trail and then it came out at a small clearing. There we could see where they live. There were 3 tall houses built in the trees and one long house on the ground. The houses rose up around 15 meters high and they looked like they were built next to or partially in the forest.
The men, around 6 of them, were in strategic positions in the area under their houses.
They were all armed with bows and arrows and ready to use them if need be.

The chief yelled out and we took that as a warning to stop and not come any closer.
We were about 60 meters from their camp. Our local guide tried to communicate to them that we brought them gifts and that we just wanted to see them and then we’ll go. We brought them 2 metal axes, a carton of salt and a carton of shag
(cut leaf tobacco). We showed it to them and left it where we were standing.

As we left they shot arrows off to our left, in a show that they were the winners and had scared us off. We went directly to our pondok, gathered up our equipment, and then started our trek back to where we started.
Our guide said that they would later come and destroy our pondok and every tree that we cut down to make a bridge accross the river. He said that if you make contact two or three more times with them, that they will probably let us enter their village and hopefully they can take us deeper into the jungle to see other people of their tribe.

In 2006, I will lead another expedition to visit the Waira tribe. And this will be a second contact trip. But, their reaction to us could easily be like it was on the “First Contact” expedition.

Also in 2006, I will be leading another “First Contact” expedition.
It is scheduled for October 2006.
West Papua is home to an amazingly diverse flora and fauna. The immense variety is determined by the sheer variety of ecosystems present: from shallow coral reefs, through coastal swamps, altitudinally differing rainforest and heigths rising to alpine glaciers.

The alpine high country is permanently covered with ice and snow and the tallest peak, Puncak Jaya, stands at 5,030 metres. Nothing grows at all until you descend to 3,500 metres where the fog forests predominate. These consist of gnarled, crippled trees covered with moss and epiphytes, making for a most eerie setting. Heather often covers the ground giving an almost European; alpine “carpeted” impression.

In the areas between 2,000 and 3,000 metres, mixed forests predominate and these swarm with climbers, ferns and orchids. This is the region of primal forest, or original growth, totally untouched by man.

In the low mountain region, between 1,000 and 2,000 metres the rainforests are at their thickest and most lush. Similar ferns and orchids grow abundantly in these forests in rich harmony with the many species of tropical hardwood trees. In the lower rainforest alone, there are 1,300 different species of trees with 80 known species of Epiphytes living symbiotically with them and to date, at least 2,770 species of orchid have been positively identified.

Savannah Forest, dominated by Australasian Acacias and Eucalypts, is found only in the south-eastern corner of West Papua (Wasur National Park), Similar Savannah occurs in the Port Moresby area of Papua New Guinea.

Moving lower brings us to freshwater swamps where swamp grass, sago palms and pandanus proliferate. Starch extracted from the Sago Palms forms the staple diet of many Papuans. Towards the coast the freshwater swamps slowly become saline and this is where mangrove and nipa palm forests dominate.

Naturally, given the rich diversity of the flora, West Papua is host to an equally diverse fauna. The pioneering Victorian naturalist, Sir Alfred Russell Wallace collected no less than 125,660 specimens in West Papua!

Birds vary from the huge, primitive, flightless Cassowary through to the most intricate and spectacular Birds-of-Paradise with an awful lot else in between. More than 600 species of birds have been identified in West Papua, many of them endemic.
Most of the interesting mammals are marsupials with Wallabies and Tree Kangaroos being the largest. The cus-cus is a beautiful, woolly tree-dwelling marsupial which is sadly prized by collectors. It has been heavily hunted and is now an endangered species. Echidnas or Spiny Ant-eaters are also found in West Papua with one species being endemic.

The coastal swamps are home to two species of saltwater crocodiles and both are very large indeed! Estuarine Crocodiles found in the Asmat region are known to grow to seven metres in length. Hunting wild crocodiles is now illegal and many crocodile farms have cropped up. Many species of snakes and lizards inhabit West Papua and include the docile, three metre Emerald Tree Monitor and perhaps the world’s most beautiful snake – the Green Tree Python.

The shallow water coral reefs off the north coast of West Papua are thought to house some 3,000 species of fish making for spectacular snorkelling and diving.
When a client confirms a booking, a full, detailed list of what to bring and travel tips will be forwarded and this list will be tailored to the specific trek which has been booked. However, the following section can be used as a general guide.

Passport must be valid for at least six months after your date of DEPARTURE from Indonesia.
Four additional passport photographs and two photocopies of your passport will be needed for the special permits as soon as we arrive in West Papua.
Credit cards are rarely accepted in West Papua so please plan appropriately.
Recommended inoculations (see your local travel clinic) and malaria prophylaxis.

Recommended clothing list for West Papua:
1 pair trail shoes ·
1 pair running shoes ·
1 pair sports sandals (eg Teva, Merrell, Nike) ·
5 pairs or more of synthetic blend socks ·
2 pairs of shorts (quick-dry synthetic material) ·
2 pairs of trousers (quick-dry synthetic material) ·
1 lightweight sweater, sweatshirt or fleece ·
5 short-sleeved t-shirts ·
1 long sleeved shirt (quick-dry synthetic material) ·
5 pairs lightweight underwear ·

A note about Footwear and Socks
Lightweight (synthetic/leather) trail shoes are the footwear of choice for West Papua. We recommend that you break in the shoes before the trip. Make sure that you can comfortably walk in them for up to eight hours. A synthetic trekking sock with extra padding on the balls and heels of the sock is generally recommended for West Papua. For higher altitudes and the associated low temperatures, we would recommend a synthetic/wool blend sock.
Equipment:
1 large backpack or waterproof duffel bag ·
1 day pack (for camera, water bottles) ·
sleeping bag (rated to 60 degrees) ·
Ziplock Bags ·
Nalgene water bottle (1 litre or more)
with water purifier ·
Camera and film · Sunglasses ·
Flashlight (torch) with extra batteries ·
Extra batteries for all equipment ·
Two bandanas ·
Broad-rimmed hat or baseball cap ·
Therma-rest ground pads and North Face tents are provided by Papua Adventures.

Medical & Personal Items:
Sunscreen ·
2 bottles insect repellent ·
Aspirin, Advil etc or your other preferred analgesic ·
Anti-diarrhoea medicine and re-hydration salts ·
General Antibiotic ·
Cold/Flu Medicine ·
Eye-drops ·
Neosporin ·
Assorted Fabric Band-Aids ·
Anti-fungal cream ·
Personal toiletries (soap, shampoo);
biodegradable if you can ·
Personal medications ·

In order to understand the current political situation it is necessary to examine recent history. What is now known as Indonesia was the key Dutch colony until the end of the Second World War. The struggle to achieve independence was hard fought and the Dutch were most reluctant to let go of their Asian jewel. After the Indonesians, led by President Sukarno, declared independence in 1945, the Dutch did not formally cede sovereignty until the end of 1949 and then only after considerable world pressure. All of the old Dutch East Indies became the Republic of Indonesia with the EXCEPTION of Dutch New Guinea or Irian Jaya (we will refer to this as West Papua from now on). Through a manner of rather devious tactics the Dutch managed to retain some sort of control of West Papua until the early 1960s.
The fiercely proud, nationalist Indonesians believed very strongly that West Papua was part of their sovereign territory and President Sukarno first tried a diplomatic solution to this problem by taking the case to the United Nations. This failed and Sukarno withdrew Indonesia from the UN in protest and started a military campaign to take West Papua by force, led by General (later President) Suharto. Finally in 1962, against a background of relinquished US and European support and an escalating military bill, the Dutch bit the bullet and West Papua was passed into UN control with the aim of an orderly hand-over to Indonesia. The transition was not easy and the Indonesian government clearly made many mistakes in their attempted “Indonesianisation” of West Papua. Some conflicts with the local inhabitants continued but by the early 1990s the process seemed to be proceeding more smoothly even if there were grievances that too little of the vast natural mineral wealth of West Papua was finding its way back to locals.

After the Suharto “New Order” regime was overthrown in 1997, the incipient West Papuan independence movement was re-born. It is that movement that has gained some momentum (although nothing like as much as in Aceh for example).

It is understandable if such unrest might put off potential travellers to West Papua. The purpose of this explanation is to allay those fears. We have excellent local contacts in each of the main areas of West Papua and we are always very well informed of local conditions and activities. If there is any obvious danger, then a trip will not be undertaken. Kelly Woolford is immensely respected by Papuan tribal chiefs and ordinary folk, and this alone is almost enough to guarantee the safety of anybody travelling with him. It should also be understood that the peoples of Wamena are the most welcoming and warm-hearted individuals – they love having visitors. Their grievances are with the Indonesian central government and most certainly not with western visitors.

In summary, through our unparalleled contacts and relationships in West Papua, please be assured that we will never take undue risks with any client’s safety.
Hello, thanks for considering a tour to Papua with us, Papua Adventures.
Papua is known as the “land of the unexpected”. This is because Papua is truly
an unique and amazing place. Full of pristine rain-forests and home to the most primitive people on earth.

This term, “land of the unexpected” also applies to many tour companies that offer trips to Papua. Some claim they are the best. Many claim
to take you to the “last wild places”. And yet others claim they’re the best because they have simply run a lot of tours. Our philosophy is, “quality, not quantity”.

For the past 13 years we have prided ourselves on leading treks into the more remote and unexplored areas of Papua. Places that other guides and companies simply don’t know about, or don’t know how to get to. We offer tours that take you into areas that are less remote and more accessible,as well. But, our forte is finding new and interesting places for our clients. We like to keep exploring !
Please take a look at our tour schedule for 2007. And then compare it to the schedules other companies. I am sure you will agree that we are the most adventurous company in Papua. We were the original company to offer a “First Contact” expedition in Papua.
We lead, the others follow.

You will see on some of our tour itineraries that we don’t always give you
the logistics of a trip. There is a simple reason for this. Other companies will use this information and they’ll try to follow. But they don’t know the logistics, they haven’t done their research in advance. And they don’t have the connections
that help assure a safe passage.

We’ve had plenty of satisfied customers over the years. And our clients come from all over the world. Austria, England, Finland, Germany, Australia, Switzerland, Chile, America to name a few. Many have been repeat clients. And one couple we have taken 3 times to Papua with us. A reference list of past clients is available upon your request.

Over the past years we have been privileged to have guided some of the most respected television stations, magazines and newspapers in the world. If they didn’t think we were the right company for the job, they simply wouldn’t have chosen us to be their guides.

Thank you for taking the time to read this. We hope you will have a little better understanding about our company and what distinguishes us from the others.
Many travelers come to Papua wanting a very memorable experience. Some are looking for something they know they won’t find anywhere else in the world.
Many will have the adventure of a lifetime.

Remember when going to a place as mysterious and remote as Papua.
Choosing the right tour company will be critical to your experience. Papua Adventures wants to help you get the most from your trip. So please, choose wisely!

FILM AND TELEVISION
BRITISH BROADCASTING CORPORATION(BBC) •
Tribe: Kombai with Bruce Parry (BBC)
Going Tribal: Kombai with Bruce Parry
(Discovery Channel)
INDUS FILMS (England) for the BBC •
First Contact Documentary
CHILEAN NATIONAL TELEVISION •

MAGAZINES
THE NEW YORKER (America) •
OUTSIDE (America) •
PARK AVENUE (Germany) •
DESTINASIAN (Singapore) •

NEWS PAPERS
NEUE ZURCHER ZEITUNG (Switzerland) •

mambareno river, mambareno, papua, KURUWAI

mambareno river, mambareno, papua, KURUWAI mambareno river, mambareno, papua, KURUWAI

STONE KURUWAI EXPEDITION – INTENSIVE TOUR / NEW GUINEA

 

A special pioneer expedition into the territories of the legendary STONE KURUWAI tribes in the southern pathless lowland jungles.. We start this expedition by charter flight to Siradala, located at the upper branches of the West Siret river. After 2 trekking days through the territories of the Kopkaka tribes, we reach the “Siret node”, where West Siret and East Siret meet. At the nearby river settlement Omongot, we will have our first contact with some Stone Kuruwai. Accompanied by selected guides and porters, we start into the unknown pathless rainforests in south eastern direction to the airstrip Yanirumah. During this trekking tour, we firstly reach the treehouse settlement of the Ajak-Clan. After one day rest there, we continue our trekking for two more days, before we reach the treehouses of the Yamu-Clan. Here we take a longer rest, spending our time by watching the daily life of these unique forest nomads. Further on, we continue trekking in direction to Yanirumah, crossing the fertile sago-swamps of the Avium river, passing numerous picturesque treehouse settlements on our way. From Yanirumah we take a flight back to Wamena, where we rest 2 days at the beautiful THE BALIEM VALLEY RESORT, before departing back home.

EUR 4.650,– per person in 1/2 double bed room/tent
EUR 350,– single supplement

Minimum: 6 persons

Level of difficulty **** (Trekking occurs at your own risk!)

Crocodile hunting
at the Mamberamo – River

 

Planned itinerary:
24.08.: Departure from Frankfurt to Indonesia around noon. Rail&fly by German railway possible.
25.08.: Around noon arrival in Denpasar/Bali. Welcome by our representant and transfer to Hotel IDA in Kuta. Rest of the day no program.
26.08.: Around 01.00h a. m. local time transfer to the airport. Flight operated by Garuda Indonesia around 02.30h a. m. to Jayapura/Papua. Arrival in Jayapura around
07.30h a. m. local time. Transfer to Hotel RATNA INDAH. After a short break we start our sightseeing tour: Ethnological Museum, Hamadi-Beach and market, Jayapura-City. Dinner in Sentani (Mickys Restaurant).
27.08.: Charterflight to DABRA, located at the mid Mamberamo-river. Tentcamp near the police station. Later we take a walk to a beautiful swimming spot. Final preparations for our expedition (check of boat and engine, procurement of endemic food, choice of additional companions and assistants).
28.08.: Start of our 12 day river expedition at the upper reaches of the Mamberamo. It is impossible to fix an exact program of the next 12 days in advance. Our local companions will decide on which distributaries we will go and where we will stay overnight. They know where the huge crocodiles are and with which settlers we can go there. We will stay at any point of high interest and where we have very special experiencesto 08.09. Today we must be back to Dabra around noon time. Tentcamp near the police station. Farewell of our companions with a final crocodile dinner. There are some hundred of cultured crocodiles!09.09.: Charterflight to Wamena in the Baliem Valley. Transfer to THE BALIEM VALLEY RESORT. Rest of the day free for recovering.
10.09.: Whole day at the beautiful Resort. Organization of walks in the surrounding of the Resort and visits of traditional living Dani people on request
11.09.: Transfer to airport. Around noon flight to Jayapura. Transfer to Hotel RATNA INDAH. In the afternoon tour to Sentani Lage and a short walk to typical waterside settlements. Dinner in Sentani (Mickys Restaurant).
12.09.: In the morning transfer to airport. Around 09.00h a. m. local time flight to Denpasar/Bali, operated by Garuda Indonesia. Arrival at Bali around 13.00h p. m. local time.
13.09.: Arrival in Frankfurt around 06.00h a. m. local time.
mambareno river, mambareno, papua, KURUWAI mambareno river, mambareno, papua, KURUWAI

– Papua Map

Papua Map

Click on the map to see a larger image !z

 Papua, West Papua, , east papua, Nature resources  , irian jaya,raja ampat,vogelkop

Car license number DS

Papua Info

http://indahnesia.com/indonesia/IRI/papua_information.php

It was the Spaniard Ynigo Ortiz de Retes who, in 1545, gave the name Nueva Guinea to a strip of land on the north coast of the world’s second largest island (after Greenland), which is now half Indonesian, half Papua New Guinean territory. Papua, the western half of the island, is Indonesia’s biggest province of about 410,000 square kilometers, representing almost 21 percent of the country’s total land area. More than 75 percent of the land is covered by dense tropical forests, with only about 1.5 million people, with an average population density of 2.8 persons per square kilometer, the lowest in Indonesia. Jayapura, the neat provincial capital on a hillside overlooking the bay, is 3,520 kilometers away from Jakarta.

Papua is a land of exceptional natural grandeur. Its jungles are among the wildest, most impenetrable in the world. Eternal snow capped mountain ridges more than 5,000 meters high, with walls plunge hundreds of meters down onto floors filled with small glacier lakes. It has scenic beaches in abundance as well as immense stretches of marshlands. Cool grassy meadows lie at the foot of the towering mountains. Rivers cut through dark forests until their sluggish, crocodile infested mouths disgorge the water into the sea.

The highest peak of the central mountain range is Puncak Jayawijaya (5,500 meters). Second and third are Gunung Trikora (5,160 meters) and Gunung Yamin (5,100 meters), respectively. The biggest lake is Paniai, followed in order of declining size by the lakes Ronbenbai and Sentani, both in the vicinity of Jayapura, and Anggigita near Manokwari.

On the basis of physical features and differences in language, customs, artistic expression and other aspects of culture, the indigenous people of Papua are distinguished into about 250 sub-groups, although they all belong to the Melanesian race, and are related to the people inhabiting the islands along the southern rim of the Pacific. The Negritos are believed to have settled on the island first, probably some 30,000 years ago, followed by the Melanesians.

The people of the central highlands still maintain their ancestral customs and traditions, and are virtually untouched by alien influences. Most of the changes have so far taken place among the coastal people, who are being subjected to ever increasing contacts with the world outside. This process of change is being accelerated by the work of missionaries, who have been working for many decades among the local populations. The people of the north and west are mostly Protestants, while those of the south and of the hinterland around Enarotali are Roman Catholics. Those around Fakfak and the Raja Ampat Islands are mostly Moslem. Animism is still practiced by isolated tribes in various parts of the province.

Although Papua is famed for its Bird of Paradise, the province’s fauna is not particularly rich. Almost all the animals here are of the Australian fauna type. Copper, oil, timber and sea products like fish and shrimps are among the province’s main products.

Danau Sentani

A lake created by a fault in the earths’ crust
Lake Sentani, near Jayapura at the northeastern extremity of Papua, lies at an elevation of 73 m in a fault-controlled depression mainly in Mesozoic mafic and ultramafic rocks of the Cyclops Ophiolite Belt. It is bounded by the Cyclops Mountains block to the north and the lower-standing terrain of the New Guinea fold thrust belt to the south. An irregularly shaped body with approximate maximum dimensions of 28 km (E-W) by 19 km (N-S) and a surface area of 10,400 ha, Lake Sentani is by far the largest of the Papua lakes. It is fed by a catchment area of about 600 km2 and has one outlet only, via the Jafuri and Tami rivers to the Pacific Ocean near the Papua New Guinea border.
The lake is divisible into three main sectors with maximum recorded depths of 7 to 52 meters. Average annual rainfall around the lake is about 2 meters and lake level fluctuates about 0.4 m with seasonal variation in inflow. The lake is widely believed to have evolved by the tectonic damming and uplift of an arm of the sea, but such a connection has not been demonstrated.
Because of its proximity to the provincial capital and the large population around it, Sentani is the best studied of Papua lakes.
The most recent survey recorded 33 species of fish, of which 12 are indigenous, 8 anadromous and 13 introduced. Surveys over a 1 year period have shown an increase in introduced species but the impact on the total fish population has not been documented. Sawfish (Pristis microdon) up to 3 m or more were well known in the lake until the Seventies and are a common motif in traditional Sentani art, but appear to have become extinct. Fish are extensively raised in ponds and cages around the perimeter of the lake and the introduction of species (particularly carp and tilapia) has been both accidental and intentional.
Many of the Sentani people, who inhabit the islands, perimeter and environs of the lake, still have a traditional subsistence economy based on fishing and sago harvesting. This has been sustainable for centuries but local reports suggest that catch yields have diminished in recent years. Whether this is a result of overfishing (as a result of population growth and/or market pressure), pollution or introduction of foreign species is not established.
Many of the residents occupy dwellings built on posts over the lake, which thus serves as a depository for sewage, leading to locally high coliform counts but also to nutrient enrichment. Water hyacinth (Eichornia crassipes), introduced since the early Seventies, has become a major plant pest and may be contributing to decline of some species. Much of the mountainous terrain between the north shore of the lake and the ocean falls within the Cyclops Strict Nature Reserve.
A major sustainable development issue for the inhabitants of the lake and surroundings is the existing proposal to build a hydroelectric generating facility, by means of a dam on the Jafuri River to divert the lake drainage eastward through a canal to a power station and thence to an outlet at the sea in Yotefa Bay near Jayapura. Several feasibility and environmental impact studies have yet to totally define the cost/benefit consequences of this project.
Papua 4 Musea
* Asmat Culture Museum
* Jayapura Provincial Museum
* Jayapura Loka Budaya Museum
* Baliem Valley Wamena Museum

East Papua Agats Asmat Culture Museum

The Asmat Museum of Culture and Progress (AMCP) is located in the city of Agats, in the Papua province of Indonesia. It was conceived by the Crosier missionary Frank Trenkenschuh in 1969 as a way to preserve traditional Asmat art as well as provide economic outlets to the Asmat people. It was built by the Diocese of Agats-Asmat, which also owns the museum. The American artist Tobias Schneebaum and Ursula Konrad helped in establishing the museum and it officially opened on August 17, 1973. The museum has catalogued approximately 1,200 items to its collection.

The current director, as of 2007, is Eric Sarkol with John Ohoiwirin as assistant.
See wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asmat_Museum_of_Culture_and_Progress

Jayapura Provincial Museum

The Museum Jayapura is located on the Cenderawasih University campus
offers exhibits on a great variety of traditional equipements, historical and archeological relics, art artifacts and artists’ tools, ceramics and pottery, as well as a collection of books in the museum’s library.Abepura (between Jayapura and Sentani), is the best place for ethnographic pieces and Asmat arts from Rockefeller Foundation.

Jayapura Loka Budaya Museum

The Cenderawasih Muceum (Loka budaya) offers
you a insight into Papuan ethnography and culture.
It has more than 1500 artifacts ranging from old
items to new items recently collected and donated by the Rockefeller family

Baliem Valley Wamena Museum no info

Proposed World Heritages

Raja Ampat Islands West Papua

nature reserve, proposed world heritage, raja ampat
Date of Submission: 07/02/2005
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Category: Natural
Submission prepared by:
Ministry of Emvironment
Coordinates:
N 0°30′ – S 1° E 124°30′ – 131°30′
Ref.: 2003
Description

The Raja Ampat Islands, situated near the Northwest coast of Papua, consists of about 1,500 islands, including several large, mountainous islands, the largest being Waigeo, Batanta, Salawati and Misool. The land and surrounding sea occupy approximately 46,000 km2 or about 4.6 million ha. The islands are located in a region on the western boarder of the equatorial Pacific Ocean and at the Northeastern ‘entrance’ of the Indonesian Throughflow from the Pacific to the Indian Ocean. The vast majority of the archipelago rests on the Sahul shelf. The wide distribution of small islands across the shelf edge creates a strong gradient from clear water, open oceanic conditions to sheltered and turbid bays, surrounded by krast limestone formations.

Raja Ampat was declared as a new regency or district on 8 May 2003 and consists of 10 sub-districts with a total of 85 villages spread out in over approximately 6% of the islands in the regency. The census in 2001 showed that total population in Raja Ampat was 47,771 with an average increase rate of 0.32% (Pemda Raja Ampat, 2002).

 

Asmat Region Map

Asmat Region Map

Click on the map to see a larger image !

Asmat Map, asmat, casuarina coast, agats,

Asmat Info

Tribes’ people who live along the Southwest of Irian Jaya (Casuari-Coast, Cannibal-Coast), still untouched by modern civilization. The swampy Asmat area, as big as Belgium, consists only of dense jungle and thousands of rivers.
The staple diet of the tribes is sago, mussels, snails and insects. Everyday they have to collect their food along the rivers in vast mangrove, wild sago and bamboo forests. A hard and dangerous job in a crocodile country, where some creatures can grow up to 10 meters. Asmat is one of the most inaccessible regions of Irian Jaya and many tribes have never seen any outsiders until today. The tall and strong Asmat are world-renowned fantastic wood-carvers. Some spectacular pieces of Asmat art are in the Museum of Primitive Art in New York City. The Coastal Asmat are perfect canoe builders. Everybody, even children, are going around on these long and narrow tree-canoes, which can be up to 15 meters long. Some have magnificent boat decorations. The coastal people live together in big villages, where wooden long houses, the Yeus, are still the center of power and spirit. The lives of the Asmat are made from long genuine bones from the giant Cassowary bird and sometimes even from crocodile bones. Their necklaces and other body decorations are made from white kauri-shells, pig and dogteeth, grass and free seeds and Cassowary feathers. To join one of the many different Asmat cult-festivals is an unforgettable highlight, even for very experienced traveler. Far away from the coastline, many of the Asmat tribes build their houses on treetops, up to 15 meters from the ground. These are the Citak, Kuruwai, Kumbai, Korfon and Uwakain as well as the people from Brazza and Kolff-River. Living deep in the vast lowland jungles on the foot of the central mountain range, their lifestyle remains still nomadic. To visit these lost stone-age hunters is one of the last adventures on this planet.
Asmat is the most famous cannibalistic tribe on Papua. They would put human skulls under their heads instead of a pillow. They would eat brains of their animals mixed with sago worms straight from their halved skulls. They live on small islands in mangrove vegetation nearby the sea, on the south side of the western part of the New Guinea Island. The Asmat build long houses, where they live together. Every family has its own reserved fireplace. In the long house about six or even ten of the group members live.

Besides the fact that the Asmat were head-hunters, they also “hunted for names”. Every person was named after someone deceased, or after a killed enemy. A child was sometimes given a name only ten years after it was born, and after its village set out to kill a man from an enemy village nearby. They had to learn the name of the man they killed, and then bring his skull to their village. Only in this way could a person get a name.

Asmat did not only hunt for skulls, they also worshipped them. The skulls of the deceased were stripped of the brain and the eyes and nasal parts were closed up in order to prevent evil spirits to enter or exit the body. Skulls that were modified and decorated in this way, were displayed by the Asmat in a honorable place in their long homes. Fortunately, the evil reputation of Asmat has become history. The missionaries have done a lot of work in changing this. Thanks to it, we can now go to the Asmats for a “visit”.

The members of the Asmat tribe believe that they arose out of wood. Therefore, wood is sacred for them. Even in ancient times they carved wonderful things from wood. Asmat are considered to be the best woodcarvers of the stone-age.

Their small drums, statues, engraved boats are admirable. Many originals of the woodcraft from the Asmat tribe are now shipped from Papua to Europe or America, and decorate German or American museums, galleries, or households. Asmat woodcraft became a wonderful exported good for worldwide exchange, public sales, and auctions.

Contemporary and civilized Asmat use metal tools. They are visited by salesmen, most of whom are German, who ask them to make large numbers of statues so that they can trade them in Europe or America. Thanks to that, the Asmat territory can now be considered safe, and tourists no longer have to be afraid of cannibalism.
The territory of the Asmat tribe lies near the Brazza River, along which the tree people, Korowai and Kombai, also live. Therefore, it is possible to link the visit to the Asmat territory with an expedition to the tree people.
The several hundred kilometers long sail against the current is also interesting. You don’t need to be afraid of crocodiles, since nowadays they hunt mainly at night, and are very timid. It is difficult to catch a glimpse of them, and in the upper part of the stream the crocodiles are small. So far we haven’t seen a living crocodile in the Asmat territory, and neither in the Korowai and Kombai territory.

– Papua Map Nature Reserves

Papua Map Nature Reserves

Click to Enlarge !

Papua, Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam,  Wildlife Reserve, Suaka Margasatwa,  Hunting Game Reserve, Taman Buru,  Grand Forest Park, Taman Hutan Raya,  Nature and Recreation Park, Taman Wisata Alam,

West Papua

0 National Parks
5 Nature Reserves
38 Proposed Nature Reserves

East Papua

3 National Parks
7 Nature Reserves
19 Proposed Nature Reserves

Total

3 National Parks
12 Nature Reserves
57 Proposed Nature Reserves

A very interested site for more information is
http://www.papua-insects.nl/

Important mountain ranges:

* Cyclop Mountains, in the northeast near Jayapura, with the highest peak 2158 meter.
* Jayawijaya Mountains (Central Mountain Range), in the centre of Papua, between the Sudirman Mountains (Snow mountains) and the Star Mountains. It has high snow covered peaks, like Peak Trikora (Mt. Wilhelmina) with 4730 meter. It includes a very important feature: the famous Baliem Valley.
* Sudirman Mountains (Snow Mountains), western part of the Central Mountain Range in Papua, with extremely high snow covered peaks, like Peak Jaya (Mt. Carstensz) with 5030 meter.
* Star Mountains, eastern part of the Central Mountain Range in Papua, with Mt. Antares as the highest peak (4170 meter) and others, like Peak Mandala (Mt. Juliana) with 4700 meter, Peak Yamin (Mt. Goliath) with 4595 meter and Peak David with 4581 meter.
* Van Rees Mountains, form the western part of the mountain range in the north of Papua. Mt. Dom is with 1430 meter a very modest highest peak.
* Foja Mountains (Gauttier Mountains), form the eastern part of the northern mountain range, with peaks of 2000 to 2193 meter high.
* Kobowre Mountains (Weyland Mountains) are the westernmost part of the Central Mountain Range. Highest peak is 3891 meter.
* Wondiwoi Mountains (Wandammen Mountains) on Wandammen Peninsula form a high mountain ridge running to the north. The highest peak is 2252 meter.
* Fakfak Mountains on Onin or Fakfak Peninsula form an isolated mountain range of volcanic origin, with the highest peak being 1619 meter.
* Arfak Mountains form the easternmost mountain ridge on Birdshead Peninsula. Mt. Mebo is the highest peak with 2940 meter.
* Tamrau Mountains in the Northwest of the Birdshead Peninsula, with Mt. Irau (2582 meter) and Mt. Kwoka (2452 meter) as the highest peaks.

Official National Parks:

* Cyclop Mountains Reserve
* Mamberamo-Pegunungan Foja Reserve
* Rouffaer Reserve
* Lorentz Reserve
* Dolok Island Reserve
* Swamp Biru and Wasur Reserve
* Wandammen Reserve
* Gunung Meja Reserve
* Supiori Island Reserve
* Northern Biak Island Reserve
* Western Waigeo Island Reserve
* Batanta Island Reserve
* Northern Salawati Island Reserve
* Danau Bian Reserve

Proposed Nature Reserves according to http://www.wdpa.org/MultiResult.aspx

West- Berlat Nature Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 132.08016428
Latitude (DD) -1.42041072
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 9.194
GIS Total Area (ha) 12.475

West-Sidei-Wibain Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 133.67945480
Latitude (DD) -0.74224314
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 900
GIS Total Area (ha) 2.719
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

West-Tamrau Utara Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 132.71462407
Latitude (DD) -0.68383597
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 368.365
GIS Total Area (ha) 346.931

West-Sorong Nature Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 131.35369391
Latitude (DD) -1.00397462
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1990
IUCN Category V
Documented Total Area (ha) 945
GIS Total Area (ha) 499

West-Sausapor Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 132.03000000
Latitude (DD) -0.52998999
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known

West-Salawati Utara Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 130.82937870
Latitude (DD) -1.00210710
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1990
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 57.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 62.269
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

West-Gunung Meja Nature Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 134.01164700
Latitude (DD) -0.83884213
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1980
IUCN Category V
Documented Total Area (ha) 460
GIS Total Area (ha) 348

West-Klamono Nature Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 131.43160611
Latitude (DD) -1.20987200
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category IV
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.909
GIS Total Area (ha) 6.732

West-Jamursba Medi National Park

Longitude (DD) 132.54232600
Latitude (DD) -0.36229179
Designation National Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 46.5179
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

West-Kepulauan Asia dan Ajoe Wildlife Sanctuary

Longitude (DD) 131.12749221
Latitude (DD) 0.57627361
Designation Wildlife Sanctuary
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 764.06
GIS Total Area (ha) 84.865

West-Kepulauan Raja Empat Game Reserve

Longitude (DD) 130.38881097
Latitude (DD) -0.34408668
Designation Game Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1993
IUCN Category IV
Documented Total Area (ha) 60.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 35.931
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

West-Jamursba-Mandi Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 132.54232514
Latitude (DD) -0.36229183
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 900
GIS Total Area (ha) 3.632

West-Misool Selatan Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 130.09106108
Latitude (DD) -1.93990971
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1982
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 84.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 116.921
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

West-Palau Waigeo Timur Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 130.99424576
Latitude (DD) -0.19744638
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 119.500
GIS Total Area (ha) 96.246

West-Pegunungan Arfak Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 134.12886742
Latitude (DD) -1.30296627
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category IV
Documented Total Area (ha) 68.325
GIS Total Area (ha) 50.504

West-Mingima Wildlife Sanctuary

Longitude (DD) 133.83057945
Latitude (DD) -1.04640331
Designation Wildlife Sanctuary
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Ib
Documented Total Area (ha) 3.500
GIS Total Area (ha) 4.088

West-Nabire Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 135.52965797
Latitude (DD) -3.37838852
Designation Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1980
IUCN Category V
Documented Total Area (ha) 100
GIS Total Area (ha) 295

West-Pegunungan Weyland Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 135.75537843
Latitude (DD) -3.65881461
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 223.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 310.198

West-Pulau Mapia Wildlife Sanctuary

Longitude (DD) 134.33146432
Latitude (DD) 0.93962900
Designation Wildlife Sanctuary
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 4.015
GIS Total Area (ha) 12.348

West-Pulau Sayang Wildlife Sanctuary

Longitude (DD) 130.09052908
Latitude (DD) 0.28758205
Designation Wildlife Sanctuary
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 10.468
GIS Total Area (ha) 27.008

West-Pulau Biak (Parieri Recreation Park)

Longitude (DD) 136.18411124
Latitude (DD) -1.13672953
Designation Recreation Park
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 2.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 458

West-Pulau Waigeo Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 130.58422468
Latitude (DD) -0.25086128
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1982
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 153.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 132.117
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

West-Sabuda Tataruga Wildlife Reserve

Longitude (DD) 131.60266702
Latitude (DD) -2.64617565
Designation Wildlife Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1990
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 5.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 1.166

West-Gunung Wagura-Kote Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 133.82764708
Latitude (DD) -2.78376922
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 15.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 17.607

West-Teluk Bintuni Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 133.75038620
Latitude (DD) -2.23805226
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 450.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 268.829

West-Teluk Lelintah Wildlife Sanctuary

Longitude (DD) 130.40142524
Latitude (DD) -2.11277451
Designation Wildlife Sanctuary
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 2.500
GIS Total Area (ha) 122.745

West-Wewe-Koor Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 132.25000000
Latitude (DD) -0.39999000
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known

East-Inggresau Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 136.54414592
Latitude (DD) -1.72569686
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 280
GIS Total Area (ha) 952

East-Pulau Supriori Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 135.54631456
Latitude (DD) -0.73891336
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1982
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 42.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 27.358
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

East-Pegunungan Kumawa Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 132.98901463
Latitude (DD) -3.87867922
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 118.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 195.000

East-Pegunungan Tamrau Selatan Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 133.24751254
Latitude (DD) -1.11066900
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 247.875
GIS Total Area (ha) 237.071

East-Pulau Anggrameos Wildlife Sanctuary

Longitude (DD) 134.84565640
Latitude (DD) -2.70252903
Designation Wildlife Sanctuary
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
GIS Total Area (ha) 2.322

East-Pegunungan Fakfak Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 132.49866032
Latitude (DD) -2.97680120
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 51.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 186.034

East-Pegunungan Cyclops Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 140.54810263
Latitude (DD) -2.51537390
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1978
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 22.500
GIS Total Area (ha) 21.013
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

East-Mamberamo-Pegunungan Foja Wildlife Reserve

Longitude (DD) 138.47235827
Latitude (DD) -2.50548777
Designation Wildlife Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Ib
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.018.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 931.930

East-Mubrani-Kaironi Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 133.51182306
Latitude (DD) -0.74248602
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 2.504
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

East-Jayawijaya Wildlife Reserve

Longitude (DD) 140.14359447
Latitude (DD) -4.28559616
Designation Wildlife Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1981
IUCN Category IV
Documented Total Area (ha) 800.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 776.450

East-Jayawijaya (Extension – Northern)

Longitude (DD) 139.88919733
Latitude (DD) -3.77869117
Designation Other Area
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
GIS Total Area (ha) 191.010

East- Pulau Numfor Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 134.87512658
Latitude (DD) -0.98469452
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.500.
GIS Total Area (ha) 1.806

East-Jayawijaya (Extension – Southern)

Longitude (DD) 139.98736912
Latitude (DD) -4.66828577
Designation Other Area
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
GIS Total Area (ha) 422.358

East-Kumbe-Merauke Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 140.67790259
Latitude (DD) -7.64365072
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Proposed
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 126.810
GIS Total Area (ha) 104.471

East-Sungai Seram Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 136.75916857
Latitude (DD) -2.25893501
Designation Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
IUCN Category Ib
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.000
GIS Total Area (ha) 1.698

East-Teluk Yotefa Nature Recreation Park

Longitude (DD) 140.73613056
Latitude (DD) -2.63215995
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1981
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 1.650
GIS Total Area (ha) 911
Site Governance Government Managed Protected Areas

Wondi Boy Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 134.61171527
Latitude (DD) -2.71323179
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1992
IUCN Category IV
Documented Total Area (ha) 73.022
GIS Total Area (ha) 41.951