East Papua Lorentz National Park

East Papua

Lorentz National Park

World Heritage

lorentz national park, lorentz, park nasional, taman nasional,

Lorentz National Park is located in the Indonesian province of Papua, formerly known as Irian Jaya (western New Guinea). With an area of 25,056 km² (9,674 mi²), it is the largest national park in South-East Asia. In 1999 Lorentz was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. An outstanding example of the biodiversity of New Guinea, Lorentz is one of the most ecologically diverse national parks in the world. It is the only nature reserve in the Asia-Pacific region to contain a full altitudinal array of ecosystems ranging through marine areas, mangroves, tidal and freshwater swamp forest, lowland and montane rainforest, alpine tundra, and equatorial glaciers. At 4884 meters, Puncak Jaya (formerly Carstensz Pyramid) is the tallest mountain between the Himalayas and the Andes. Birdlife International has called Lorentz Park “probably the single most important reserve in New Guinea”.[1] It contains five of World Wildlife Fund’s “Global 200” ecoregions: Southern New Guinea Lowland Forests; New Guinea Montane Forests; New Guinea Central Range Subalpine Grasslands; New Guinea Mangroves; and New Guinea Rivers and Streams.[2] Lorentz Park contains many unmapped and unexplored areas, and is certain to contain many species of plants and animals as yet unknown to Western science. Local communities’ ethnobotanical and ethnozoological knowledge of the Lorentz biota is also very poorly documented. The park is named for Hendrikus Albertus Lorentz, a Dutch explorer who passed through the area on his 1909–10 expedition.

East Papua Lorentz National Park Introduction

East Papua

Lorentz National Park



Lorentz National Park represents the most complete ecosystem for biodiversity in either Southeast Asia or the Pacific. It is also one of only three tropical areas in the world that has a glacier. Stretching from snow-covered peaks (5,030 m asl) down to coastal waters and mangrove forest and bordering upon the Arafura Sea, this astonishing ecological spectrum ranges from alpine to lowland and wetland vegetation areas.
As well as very high biological diversity, the Park also has other unique features such as the glaciers on Puncak Jaya and a river that disappears under the ground for several kilometres in the Baliem valley.
There are 34 vegetation types that make up the forest area of the Park, including swamp forest, riparian forest, sago forest, peat forest, coastal forest, coral reef, slope/flat land rain forest, hillside rain forest, montane forest, grassy plains, and moss-covered areas.
Among the species of plant that grow in this Park are nipah (Nypa fruticans), bakau (Rhizophora apiculata), Pandanus julianettii, Colocasia esculenta, Podocarpus pilgeri, and Nauclea coadunata.
There are about 630 species of bird (some 70% of the total number of bird species in Papua), 123 species of mammal, and various other animal species. Some of the more interesting species of bird are two species of cassowary, 31 dove and pigeon species, 31 species of cockatoo, 13 species of kingfisher, 29 species of sunbird and 20 endemic species that are found nowhere else in the world, including the snow quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx) and the long-tailed bird of paradise (Paradigalla caruneulata). The mammal species include the long-beaked echidna (Zaglossus bruijnii bruijnii), short-beaked echidna(Tachyglossus aculeatus), and four species of cuscus as well as wallabies, forest cats and tree kangaroos.
Lorentz National Park has also been declared by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage Site, and by ASEAN countries as an ASEAN Natural Heritage Site.
The Park’s high biological diversity is matched by its marvellous cultural diversity. It is estimated that the some of these cultures have existed in this area for more than 30,000 years. This is the home of tribes such as the Nduga, Dani Barat, Amungme, Sempan, and Asmat. It is quite possible that there are still other communities living in very isolated areas who have never had contact with the modern world at all.
The Asmat are well-known for their skill at chiselling wood into fine statues. According to their belief, the tribe is identical to the forest or trees. The trunk of a tree symbolizes the body of human being; the branches are the arms, and the fruit symbolizes the human head. Their ancestors-spirits, they believe, dwell in the trees. As such, the Asmat accord great respect to trees. Rivers, mountains and other natural features are similarly honored.
Lorentz was only designated as a National Park in 1997. It currently has very limited facilities for visitors, and not all potential attractions have yet been identified or developed.
Best time of year to visit: August to December.
How to reach the Park: from Timika, head for the northern part of the Park by the local air service; and to the southern part by sea to the Sawa Erma Port, then follow the trails to various locations.

a total area of 2,450,000 hectares

* Long-beaked echidna – Zaglossus bruijni
* Long-nosed antechinus – Antechinus naso
* New Guinea Quoll – Dasyurus albopunctatus
* Short-furred dasyure – Murexia longicaudata
* Three-striped dasyure – Myoictis melas
* Speckled dasyure – Neophascogale lorentzi
* Common echymipera – Echymipera kalubu
* Striped bandicoot – Microperoryctes longicauda
* Raffray’s bandicoot – Peroryctes raffrayana
* Long-tailed pygmy possum – Cercartetus caudatus
* Doria’s tree-kangaroo – Dendrolagus dorianus
* Dingiso – Dendrolagus mbaiso
* Brown dorcopsis – Dorcopsis muelleri
* Small dorcopsis – Dorcopsulus vanheurni
* Great-tailed triok – Dactylopsila megalura
* Long-fingered triok – Dactylopsila palpator
* Striped possum – Dactylopsila trivirgata
* Sugar Glider – Petaurus breviceps
* Mountain cuscus – Phalanger carmelitae
* Ground cuscus – Phalanger gymnotis
* Southern common cuscus – Phalanger intercastellanus
* Silky cuscus – Phalanger sericeus
* Spotted cuscus – Spilocuscus maculatus
* Plush-coated ringtail – Pseudochirops corinnae
* Coppery ringtail – Pseudochirops cupreus
* Lowland ringtail – Pseudochirulus canescens
* Weyland ringtail – Pseudochirulus caroli
* Pygmy ringtail – Pseudochirulus mayeri
* Common blossom bat – Macroglossus minimus
* Moss-forest blossom bat – Syconycteris hobbit
* Common tube-nosed bat – Nyctimene albiventer
* Mountain tube-nosed bat – Nyctimene certans
* Unstriped tube-nosed bat – Paranyctimene raptor
* Greater bare-backed fruit bat – Dobsonia magna
* Lesser bare-backed fruit bat – Dobsonia minor
* Common rousette – Rousettus amplexicaudatus
* Lesser sheath-tailed bat – Mosia nigrescens
* Telefomin leaf-nosed bat – Hipposideros corynophyllus
* Diadem leaf-nosed bat – Hipposideros diadema
* Wollaston’s leaf-nosed bat – Hipposideros wollastoni
* New Guinea mastiff bat – Tadarida kuboriensis
* New Guinea horseshoe bat – Rhinolophus euryotis
* New Guinea pipistrelle – Pipistrellus angulatus
* Mountain pipistrelle – Pipistrellus collinus
* Small bent-winged bat – Miniopterus pusillus
* Common bent-winged bat – Miniopterus schreibersii
* Wild boar – Sus scrofa
* Common water-rat – Hydromys chrysogaster
* Mountain water-rat – Hydromys habbema
* Uneven-toothed rat – Anisomys imitator
* Rn++s mouse – Coccymys rn++i
* New Guinea jumping mouse – Lorentzimys nouhuysi
* De Vis’s woolly-rat – Mallomys aroaensis
* Alpine woolly-rat – Mallomys gunung
* Sub-alpine woolly-rat – Mallomys istapantap
* Rothschild’s woolly-rat – Mallomys rothschildi
* White-bellied melomys – Melomys leucogaster
* Lorentz’s melomys – Melomys lorentzii
* Thomas’s melomys – Melomys mollis
* Monckton’s melomys – Melomys moncktoni
* Mountain melomys – Melomys rubex
* Rufescent melomys – Melomys rufescens
* Mottle-tailed giant-rat – Uromys caudimaculatus
* Cape York rat – Rattus leucopus
* Large spiny rat – Rattus praetor
* House rat – Rattus rattus
* Small spiny rat – Rattus steini
* Moss-forest rat – Stenomys niobe
* Arianus’s rat – Stenomys omlichodes
* Glacier rat – Stenomys richardsoni


* Dusky pademelon – Thylogale brunii
* Raffray’s sheath-tailed bat – Emballonura raffrayana
* Western white-eared giant-rat – Hyomys dammermani
* Black-tailed giant-rat – Uromys anak

* Salvadori’s Teal – Salvadorina waigiuensis
* Salvadori’s Fig-Parrot – Psittaculirostris salvadorii
* Pesquet’s Parrot – Psittrichas fulgidus
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Mountain Swiftlet – Aerodramus hirundinacea
* Mountain Eared-Nightjar – Eurostopodus archboldi
* Southern Crowned-Pigeon – Goura scheepmakeri
* Long-tailed Honey-buzzard – Henicopernis longicauda
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* New Guinea Harpy Eagle – Harpyopsis novaeguineae
* Archbold’s Bowerbird – Archboldia papuensis
* Snow Mountain Robin – Petroica archboldi
* Ifrit – Ifrita kowaldi
* Macgregor’s Bird-of-paradise – Macgregoria pulchra
* Crinkle-collared Manucode – Manucodia chalybata
* Long-tailed Paradigalla – Paradigalla carunculata
* Short-tailed Paradigalla – Paradigalla brevicauda
* Black Sicklebill – Epimachus fastuosus
* Superb Bird-of-paradise – Lophorina superba
* Magnificent Bird-of-paradise – Cicinnurus magnificus
* King Bird-of-paradise – Cicinnurus regius
* Splendid Astrapia – Astrapia splendidissima
* King-of-Saxony Bird-of-paradise – Pteridophora alberti
* Twelve-wired Bird-of-paradise – Seleucidis melanoleuca
* Greater Bird-of-paradise – Paradisaea apoda
* Mountain Firetail – Oreostruthus fuliginosus

* New Guinea Plateless Turtle – Carettochelys insculpta
* New Guinea Snake-neck Turtle – Chelodina novaeguineae
* Boelen’s Python – Morelia boeleni
* New Guinea Freshwater Crocodile – Crocodylus novaeguineae
* Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

* Jardine’s Baramundi – Scleropages jardinii



Lies within the humid tropical climatic zone. Rainfall in the lowland area averages 3,700 millimeters  ....  read more