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Waking up in front of Satonda Island…

Good Morning! That’s the thing with a ship, you will wake up with a different spectacular sight every morning. Today I have Satonda Island in front of me as I am having my black coffee… Divine!

Satonda Island is a small uninhabited volcanic Island off the northern coast of Sumbawa, the center of the island holds a salt water lake and around the lake you can see where locals have hung rocks from the trees in hopes of having their dreams come true. It has great beaches, great spot for diving and a cool view of the colony of fruit bats that leave the island on mass every evening for their nightly hunt.

Sangeang Api

Sangeang Api

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Sangeang Api (Gunung Api or Gunung Sangeang) is an active complex volcano on the island of Sangeang in Indonesia. It consists of two volcanic cones, 1,949 metres (6,394 ft) Doro Api and 1,795 m (5,889 ft) Doro Mantoi.[1] Sangeang Api is one of the most active volcanoes in the Lesser Sunda Islands. It erupted in 1988 and the island’s inhabitants were evacuated. Between its first recorded eruption in 1512 and 1989 it erupted 17 times. It erupted again during December 2012 and May 2014.[2][3]

The island of Sangeang is part of the Lesser Sunda Islands. It is located northeast of Sumbawa in the Flores Sea, and is 13 kilometers wide with an area of 153 km2.[4]


Mt. Sangeang, Oct. 2000

The earliest document mentioning about the Sang Hyang Api volcano was found in 14th century Majapahit script of Nagarakretagama. “Gunung Api” also appears as the name for the mountain in the first chapter of the novel The Long Journey by Johannes V. Jensen.

2014 Eruption

Since mid-June 2013, authorities had put the volcano on ‘high alert’ for a possible eruption. On May 30, 2014, a major eruption occurred at around 3:55 p.m. local time. Farmers working on the island were evacuated. Ash and smoke quickly rose to an altitude 15–20 kilometers (≈10–16 miles) into the sky.[3] By the next morning, the ash cloud had crossed the north-west coast of Australia in the Kimberley region, and airlines had cancelled flights into and from Darwin, Northern Territory. It later went as far as Alice Springs in the Northern Territory.[5] On 31 May some flights from Melbourne and Adelaide to Bali were also cancelled

Moyo Island

Moyo Island

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Moyo (older spelling Mojo) is an island in Indonesia’s West Nusa Tenggara province. It is off the north coast of Sumbawa Island, and has an area of 349 km2.[1] Moyo Island is located in Sumbawa Regency within the Nusa Tenggara province, just north of Sumbawa. A little more than an hour from Bali, it has an area of 32,044 hectares, about 8° south of the equator.

The island is mostly uninhabited and unknown to the majority of tourists; the population is about 1000 inhabitants distributed in 6 villages, all of them living on fishing and farming. In 1986 a National park was established in order to conserve and protect the extraordinary vegetation, its uniqueness and the many animal species (birds, bats, monkeys, wild pigs, deer) and a Marine Reserve with the goal of preserving the unspoiled reefs surrounding the island. A visit to Moyo Island takes the traveller on a discovery adventure of immense marine and land life and provides an escape from reality in a world where man and nature blend together offering unforgettable emotions.

Most of Moyo is a nature reserve called Moyo Island Hunting Park covering 22,537.90 ha (Decree of Minister of Forestry Number: 308/Kpts-II/1986 dated 29 September 1986)[citation needed], and is inhabited by macaques, wild cattle, wild pigs, barking deer, deer (Cervus timorensis) and several varieties of birds. The island rises 648m, and its centre is composed mainly of savannah and some strands of forest. The Marine Park of Moyo Island occupies the southern island. The National Park is home to long tail macaques (Macaca fascicularis), wild bovines, wild pigs, deer (Cervus timorensis) and 21 bat species, including flying foxes. Bird watching enthusiasts can observe 86 species of birds, 2 of them endangered: the yellow headed parrot and the Tanimbar Megapode bird (Megapodium tenimberensis) which is endemic to Indonesia. It nests in large sandy heaps, litter and other debris, where the heat generated by the decomposition of the organic material serves to incubate the eggs. Inside the Park there are also a few waterfalls, the biggest one is about 2 hours from Labuan Aji village, the others are in easy reach, within 15 minutes walking distance, in the forest where you will find a multitude of colorful butterflies. Most of the east and west coasts and the entire south coast of Moyo Island have been declared Marine Park. Pristine coral reefs and all their inhabitants are now protected from fishing and pollution. Divers and snorkelers have the chance to visit a truly untouched paradise, in fact, the Marine park was established long before tourism reached this area.

These two natural reserves are managed by an Office of Natural Conservation of West Nusa Tenggara, as a Technical Operation Unit of Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation-Ministry of Forestry.

Medang Island

Medang Island

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Medang Island (Indonesian: Pulau Medang) is an island off the north coast of Sumbawa, west of Moyo Island, in the Flores Sea. It is actually composed of two islands, Medang Besar[1] and Medang Kecil[2] (big and small). There are coral reefs in this area, with sharks and giant sponges

– Sumbawa Map

Sumbawa Island

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Sumbawa Map, sumbawa, map, peta


Sumbawa is a large island to the east of Bali and Lombok. It is part of West Nusa Tenggara along with Lombok. There are hundreds of small islands in this area in addition to the two major islands.
Sumbawa is divided into four regencies and one municipality. The regencies are: Sumbawa Barat, Sumbawa Besar, Dompu, and Bima. The municipality is Kodya Bima. The most recent census lists the population as being 1.1 million. There are two main ethnic groups: Bima and the Samawa.
In many respects Sumbawa can be considered remote. To get to Sumbawa from Bali most people take the ferry from Bali to Lombok, travel overland to the eastern seaport in Lombok and then take another ferry to Sumbawa, ending up in Poto Tano. From there transportation is somewhat problematic. There are buses that will take you on to Sumbawa Besar, the capital, or down the coast road to the south, It is also possible to fly into the city of Sumbawa Besar on the western side of the island, and Bima on the eastern side of the island.
Sumbawa is known for its great waves and sandy white beaches.
The pace of life on Sumbawa is definitely slower than that in Bali. As most of the island is still developing, there is a very rural feel to just about everywhere that you go, including Sumbawa Besar, the capital of the western side fo the island. The mining company, Newmont, has a gold and copper mine down in the southwestern corner of the island around the villages of Sekongkang, Maluk and Benete.
Mount Tambora is about 100 km from Dompu. It is the highest mountain in Sumbawa. Its eruption in 1815 was one of the most destructive and powerful volcanic explosions in human history, caused a huge catastrophic all over the island.
Sumbawa Besar

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Ancient castles made ​​of wood that was built during the reign of Sultan Jalaluddin Muhammad Shah III (circa 1885 AD). Currently used / used as “Regional Museum Sumbawa” storage objects Sumbawa regency history. This palace is two twin buildings supported on large wooden poles by 99 pieces, according to the nature of God in Al – Quran (Beautiful Names Husna). inside

Moyo Island

Moyo Island, at the mouth of Saleh Bay, has a nature reserve with wild oxen, deer, wild boars and a great variety bird species. Visits are best made during the dry season from June through August. A few kilometers of the north coast of Sumbawa, the national park island of Moyo Island is probably the most rewarding destination in Sumbawa, surrounded by beautiful coral reefs and home to wild pig, monitor lizards, 21 species of bat, huge herds of native deer and hordes of crab-eating macaques. The best time to visit is in June and July, though the seas are clear and quiet from April. There are basic private rooms at the PHPA post at Tanjung Pasir on the south coast, where most boats from the mainland arrive. Renting a fishing boat from Tanjung Pasir and going fifteen minutes east to Stama reeft is very rewarding, with lots of sharks and turtles. There’s nowhere on Moyo to rent masks and snorkels so bring our own; fins are advisable due to the strong currents.
The coastline has some beautiful beaches of fine coral sand and not the black volcanic sand like we find on a lot of islands in the archipelago. There are beautiful coral reefs, which make it excellent for scuba diving or just snorkeling. The reef at the southern end of the island is probably the best of all.
There are a few inhabitants on the island and this consists of around 21 villages concentrated in the northern end.To get to Moyo, take a bemo from beside Seketang Market in Sumbawa Besar to Air Bari , a small port settlement to the northeast. From Air Bari, we can charter a boat to Moyo.

Mount Tambora

From Moyo there are splendid views of Mount Tambora (2,821m) to the east, the highest mountain in Sumbawa, which erupted quite violently in 1815 but now has amazingly beautiful forests on its western slopes.
Tambora can be climbed from the side in three days and is well worth a visit. It has an enormous crater and within, a two-colored lake. From the crater there are also spectacular views over Saleh Bay and the rest of Sumbawa to the east, and to the west, Moyo Island to Lombok and Mount Rinjani.
The wildlife on the reserve has adapted to the fairly dry habitat and these include Deer, feral cattle, and numerous birds such as Orioles, Sunbirds, Coequals, Koels and Drongos. Of course there are several species of shore birds along the coastline.
Wera Village  Bugi’s Ship Building

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For centuries, the Bugis people have sailed from South Sulawesi across the shallow seas of the Indonesian archipelago. They would sail east and west on the monsoons, regularly trading as far as Northern Australia in their two masted ships, known as phinisi. The great age of sail, which ended in the West in the early twentieth century, never quite ended in Indonesia. The Bugis have continued to build their phinisi on the beaches and continue to sail the islands to this day. This is the Bugis Village of Wera, a village on the North Eastern tip of Sumbawa. Here you can watch them build these boats!


Sumbawa Resort Maluk

Amanwana Resort Hotel



Hotel Amangati Hu’u ( Bima)

Laguna Biru Villa

Tropical Beach Resort and Spa

This is an upscale hotel which is frequented by the expatriate staff of the local mine run by Newmont. Prices start at US$50 per night. Tropical provides a number of services like jet skis, rental cars, deep sea fishing and others. They have a pool here. Not for the financially challenged. Tropical has its own web site.

Bungin Island Sumbawa

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Bungin Island – West Sumbawa Volcan Rinjani on Lombok in the background

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Panca Nugraha wrote an excellent article in the Jakarta Post about this amazing island that lies about 70 kilometres west of Sumbawa.
Bungin, the only island in Indonesia that keeps growing Panca Nugraha, The Jakarta Post, taram
If Bungin Island, a small coral island lying about four kilometers off the coast of Sumbawa in West Nusa Tenggara province, had a mascot, it would undoubtedly be the paper-eating goat.
Because of the island’s infertile soil, there is very little grass or plants for Bungin’s goat population to eat, so they survive on paper and other bits of garbage.
“Goats here eat paper and rags because there’s no grass,” said a young islander, Coco, who with his friends is eager to show visitors the phenomenon.
Bungin lies about 70 kilometers west of the Sumbawa regency capital Sumbawa Besar. It is about a five-hour overland journey east from the provincial capital Mataram, and then a boat crossing from Lombok to Sumbawa island. From there, it is a relatively short trip to reach Bungin.
According to the local administration on Bungin, 609 families, or 2,826 people, live on the island.
“This is probably the most densely populated island (in Indonesia), and the only island which keeps growing in size,” said Bungin Island village administration head Sopian. He said a 2002 survey indicated the island covered six hectares, and now it covered eight.
Houses on the island are generally only about 1.5 meters apart from each other. The distinctive Bungin stilt-houses now cover much of the island, and in some cases their roofs meet.
One of the main reason Bungin Island can continue to accommodate its growing population, and also why the island itself is growing, is its traditional marriage law. This law requires would-be couples to prepare the site on which they will build their house before they get married.
A couple must first gather a supply of coral to reclaim a piece of land on the outer part of the island. Each couple is allocated a small piece of land measuring about six-by-twelve meters. So Bungin grows a little bit with each new marriage.
The entire community will pitch in to help a couple gather the coral, reclaim the land from the sea and build a house.
Bungin Island can be called a man-made island. Although the Sumbawa office of the National Land Agency conducts topographical survey every five years, none of the islanders holds land ownership documents.
“This is not part of the mainland, but coral rocks formed by residents. That’s why residents do not require land certificates, but only an ownership document issued by the village office,” said Sopian.
Most, if not all, of the Bungin islanders earn a living as fishermen. They are descendants of the Bajo and Bugis tribes, originating from South Sulawesi.
According to folklore, when the first people arrived on Bungin the island only covered about three hectares. The first inhabitants were followers of Panglima Mayo, a freedom fighter from South Sulawesi. They were forced out of Sulawesi by Dutch colonial troops in 1818.
“That’s why they speak the Bajo dialect here, and not the local Sumbawa language,” said Sopian.
 Despite the reliance on the sea, Bungin is far more prosperous than many of the fishing villages in West Nusa Tenggara.
Nearly all of the families own electronic appliances, at least a television set equipped with a digital receiver. The children are no strangers to PlayStation, and if they don’t have one at home they can go to several little businesses on the island and play for an hourly rate.
Because men on the island go out to sea often for months at a time, the women are left behind to take care of the families and see to their daily needs.
“My husband sails out to sea and sometimes returns only after three months. We are the ones who support the family,” said a fisherman’s wife, Hasnah.
Hasnah and the other housewives look for fish, shells and sea cucumbers around the island, to supplement their families’ income. They can earn between Rp 15,000 and Rp 30,000 per day from the sea.
Because the island is so small, Bungin is by necessity a very tightly knit community. Most residents cannot imagine living elsewhere and very few ever move away, despite being able to afford a house on the mainland.
“There are usually a lot of temptations on the mainland, and the feeling of insecurity,” said Sopian.
The infrastructure on Bungin has gradually improved over the years thanks to the residents’ relative economic prosperity. They have access to electricity and clean water, and there are two elementary schools on Bungin and a community health center.
The islanders are still waiting for government assistance to build junior and senior high schools, and are ready to prepare the sites themselves.
Bungin has recently become a tourist attraction in Sumbawa, with domestic and foreign visitors eager for a look at the island.
But one thing has never changed on the island — even though every house has a bathroom, none of them has a toilet.
Residents rely on the sea for more than just fishing.
Besides the hospitality of the locals, there are two things that will surely leave a lasting impression on visitors to Bungin — the delicious taste of the goat satay and the distance to the bathroom if one needs to answer the call of nature.

Trip to Bungin island from Lombok

Trip to the island from Lombok: SW. 012
06.00. Am. drives to port of Labuhan Lombok and to cross to Alas strait by ferry (1.30 min.). Arrived at Pototano/West Sumbawa Island and continue drive to the former ferry harbour of Alas to take local boat for the most populated island in the world, called “Bungin Island” mingle to people in the island and on the way back to port of Alas, boating to another island of Kaung. Lunch box will be serve en-route (drink serve : one bottle of soft drink and one bottle of cold water). Return to the hotel at late afternoon by the same route.
Name Bungin island,Wide 6 ha ,Population 2.612 Ethnic group Bajo (originaly from South Sulawesi)Family house 531 fam,Head of household 599,
99 % fishermen,Family with toilet 25,Neighbor island Kaung island.

– Sumbawa Island Map, tribes and mining

Sumbawa Island Map, tribes and mining

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Sumbawa Map, sumbawa,

Minerals and Mining Sumbawa

PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (PTNNT)

 Newmont Nusa Tenggara,  Newmont , Sumbawa, Nature resources  , gold, copper, mining, mine

 Newmont Nusa Tenggara,  Newmont , Sumbawa, Nature resources  , gold, copper, mining, mine

PT Newmont Nusa Tenggara (PTNNT) is an Indonesian joint venture company owned by Nusa Tenggara Partnership and by PT Pukuafu Indah. In 1986 PTNNT signed a Contract of Work Agreement for our Batu Hijau copper and gold mine with the Republic of Indonesia in an area located on West Nusa Tenggara Province.

Batu Hijau is an open pit mine with associated processing and support facilities. Our product is copper concentrate containing small quantities of gold which is transported to local and foreign smelters for further processing. The project is located in West Sumbawa regency, West Nusa Tenggara.

The Batu Hijau porphyry copper deposit was discovered in 1990 after ten years of exploration. Following the approval of the feasibility study and environmental impact analysis (ANDAL), a US$1.8 billion construction project commenced in early 1997 and finished in late 1999, followed by commissioning/ start up. Commercial production started on 1 March 2000.

Based on the feasibility study, Batu Hijau’s ore reserves were 1.1 billion tons containing 0.525 percent copper and 0.37 grams per ton of gold. At the current production rate, Batu Hijau’s mine life is expected to continue until 2023. PTNNT is currently exploring other parts of its Contract of Work area such as the Elang exploration prospect.

As a contractor to the Government of Indonesia, PTNNT contributes substantially to the nation’s economy through employment, domestic purchases, royalties and taxes. Currently, PTNNT is responsible for the direct employment of over 7,000 people. Of these, more than 60 percent are from the province of West Nusa Tenggara.

In 2007, PTNNT contributed more than $248 million in taxes, non-taxes and royalties to the Indonesian government. In addition, PTNNT annually purchases goods and services from within Indonesia amounting more than US$154 million, pays US$58 million to national employees and spends US$4 million in community development.


Dompu Tribe 82.000
The Dompu peoSumbawa, tribe, dompu, sukuple group lives in the Dompu Regency on the island of Sumbawa in the West Nusa Tenggara Province. They live in the Huu, Dompu, Kempo, and Kilo districts. They live among several other ethnic groups including those who are native to the area, such as the Donggo and Bima, as well as those who have migrated there like the Melayu, Bugis, and Sasak. The Bima people live in closest proximity to the Dompu people. The Bima people are the predominant people group in the eastern part of Sumbawa Island, and the Sumbawa people are the predominant people group in the western part. The Dompu people use the Bima language, which is sometimes called Nggahi Mbojo.
The Dompu people rarely move from their home district. Those who do move are primarily motivated by educational and economic factors. On the other hand, many outsiders have moved to the Dompu area.The primary livelihood of the Dompu people is farming and fishing. Some Dompu people raise livestock, and work as traders or employees in businesses. Their agricultural methods of rice farming range from very technical to very simple, and covers an area of 13,000 hectares. Other crops include cassava, sweet potatoes, soybeans, corn, tobacco, kapok from cotton trees, kemiri nuts, areca nuts, and tamarind trees. They also have coffee and coconut tree plantations, but these do not yield significant profits. They are successful and make a significant profit from salt water and fresh water fishing. The Dompu people’s base administrative structure for their society is the village (desa). Their villages are always located along the side of roads or rivers. The Dompu houses are made from wood and dried leaves with roofs that slope down very low. The transportation of the Dompu people usually consists of wagons pulled by water buffalo (gerobak kerbau), and horse drawn carts (dokar kuda) that are sometimes called “ben hurs” after the American movie.In 1969 the Nangameru area of the Dompu region was established as a transmigration area. As a result people migrated to this area from Jawa (Jawa) and other over-populated islands of Indonesia. This precipitated misunderstandings between those native to the area and the transmigrants. The social differences between the various new groups and the original local people widened the gap between them.
The majority of the Dompu embrace Islam. However, despite their Islamic beliefs, they still believe in spirits. The Muslim religious leaders and the well educated are respected by the rest of the community, in part due to their relatively high economic status.
West end of Sumbawa Island, west of the isthmus. Alternate names: Semawa, Sumbawarese.
The Sumbawa (or Samawa) pSumbawa , tribe, sukueople group live on the island of Sumbawa in West Nusa Tenggara Province. The name Sumbawa originally designated only the western part of this island (the former Sultanate of Sumbawa), with its eastern part known as Bima. Today the whole island is called Sumbawa, but the Sumbawa people live primarily scattered throughout 14 districts of west Sumbawa, while the Bima people live in the eastern portion of the island. There are also some Sumbawa people who migrated to the island of Lombok a long time ago.
Farming is the livelihood of the general population of Sumbawa. They cultivate irrigated rice fields or unirrigated rice fields that depend on rainwater. Raising cattle such as water buffalo, cows and goats are also an important source of income for the Sumbawa people.The Sumbawa society has several systems of gotong royong (mutual assistance). One system is known as Basiru, which involves working together in the fields alternating at the request of individuals in the village. Saleng tulong is another cooperation system where food is prepared and given to someone, who later returns the same favor. The Sumbawa people follow patrilineal (tracing descent from the father) lines of ancestry. It is their custom that a newlywed couple lives with the family of the husband (patrilocal). After a father has a child he is usually called by the name of his firstborn.The neighborhood of the Sumbawa people is called a kampung or a karang. They live in groups scattered throughout the village’s vicinity, which has no clear boundaries due to its large size. Some settlements have wooden fences with gates, called jebak. Most of their houses are elevated. A regular home is called a bale and the home of the upper class is called a bala. The usual neighborhood includes a mosque, a village meetinghouse and a rice barn.The villages choose their own village leader (kepala kampung), who is then inaugurated by a higher-ranking official called a demong. The kepala kampung and his mandur (deputy) oversee village life with the assistance of the malar, who supervises community land, and the lebeh, who is in charge of religious affairs. The lebeh is assisted by a group of staff called isi mesigit, which consists of various religious officials (rura, modum, katib and martabat) who each perform specific duties.
The majority of the Sumbawa people are Shafiite Mulslims ,but there are still many animistic practices evident behind the veneer of Islam. There are many shamans left in the society and many Sumbawa professing Islam still rely on advice and help, especially in times of crisis. In 1995, in this province, more than 75% of children under the age of five received ‘help’ from the local dukun or shaman. They also believe in various spirits and genies, such as samar and bakek. The people have special ceremonies seeking protection from disasters and evil spirits.
Bima (Mbojo) -Sumbawa-628.000
The Bima (also called the Mbojo) people live in West Nusa Tenggara Province in the flat lowland regencies of Bima and mbojoDompu on the eastern portion Sumbawa Island, as well as on Sangeang Island. Despite a long coastline, indented by bays, the population is not sea-oriented and most villages lie more than 5 kilometers from the coast. The northern part of their area is fertile, while the southern portion is barren and infertile.The Bima people are also called the Oma (moving) people, because they continue a lifestyle of often moving. The Bima language (sometimes called Nggahi Mbojo) includes the Bima, Bima Donggo, and Sangeang dialects.
The primary livelihood of the Bima people is dry land farming, however they also practice irrigated rice farming using a system of irrigation called panggawa. They are also famous for breeding horses. The Bima women are skilled at braiding mats from bamboo and palmyra palm leaves and weaving a fabric for which they are well known called tembe nggoli.A Bima settlement is called a kampo or kampe and is led by a village leader, who is called a neuhi. He is helped by a group of highly respected family elders. The leadership position is inherited from generation to generation among the descendents of the village’s founder. The Bima people are definitely not shut off from outside influences. Formerly school education was considered to be in opposition to their traditions. Now, however, they endorse education from primary school through university. They tend to consider outside influences as good, especially cultural and technological ones.
Even though the large majority of Bima people embrace Islam and are known for being very staunch in their religion, they still believe in spirits and continue with many animistic practices. There are still many shamans left in the society and many Sumbawa professing Islam still rely on advice and help, especially in times of crisis.The Bima people fear the spirits of Batara Gangga (the head god with the greatest power), Batara Guru, Idadari Sakti, and Jeneng, as well as the spirits Bake and Jin who live in trees, very high mountains and are believed to have power to cause disease and calamities. They also believe in a large supernatural tree located in Kalate, and in Murmas, which is the special dwelling place of the gods of Mountain Rinjani, as well as a special place where Batara and the other gods and goddesses live. The original beliefs of the Bima people are called pare no bongi, which refers to belief in the spirits of their ancestors. In the 1930’s hundreds of Bima people in the mountain area of Dompu heard the gospel and responded. Today there are 4 mountain villages that are more than 90% ‘Christian’. These people are very poor and isolated.

Traditional Villages