Sumba map

Sumba Island

 Click to Enlarge !
Sumba Map, sumba, map, peta



Sumba island has a great and unique position respect to the Sunda Banda archipelagoes, it is one of the biggest island on the East Nusa Tenggara region beside Flores and Timor. It represents an isolated sliver of probable continental crust to the south of active volcanic islands (Sumbawa, Flores ) within the forearc basin (Fig.1). It is situated to the north of passage from the Java Trench (subduction front) to the Timor Through (collision front). It does not show still the effects of strong compression in contrast to islands of the outer arc system (Savu, Roti, Timor), while the magmatic units make up a substantial part of the Late Cretaceous to Paleogene stratigraphy.

Sumba island covers an area of 11,150 square km which is now populated by about 350,000 people. Generally the climate similar to other part of Indonesia where a dry season (May to November), and a rainy season (December to April). The island of Sumba is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic tombs, typical hand woven textile (“ikat”), and still untouched beautiful beaches. There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the Lesser Waingapu & Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter Sumba for either by flight or boat.

Sumba has a unique culture and their social life. Sumbanese are traditionally divided into three level of social life : (Raja/King) – Maramba, Customary Official – Kabihu, and Slaves – Ata. Sumbanese are living from farming, cattle breeding, rice-field farming and trading. Ones owns cattle will contribute to their social status such as if they had more cattle giving them a higher social status.

Most Sumbanese are Christian (Catholic and Protestant), however, and part of them are still strongly keep their native and original religion called Marapu. Most cultural objects are related to the Marapu religion such as the shape of traditional houses, ceremonies, or kings’ graves and tombs.


The Manggudu Island Resort



Newa Sumba Resort



Sumba Island Map and Tribe Info

Sumba Island Map and Tribe Info

Click to Enlarge !

Sumba Map, sumba, peta


Sumba Adventure Tours:

Pasola Tours: (Horsemen fighting ritual ceremony)

February in Lamboya area and March in Wanukaka Area
Pasola March in Wanukaka predicted on: between : 17– 23 March 2010. not sure yet, we will inform when we get up date info from the Rato / local Priest.
Pasola is a thanks giving ceremony to the ancestral spirit of people from West Sumba East Nusa Tenggara.
More then 50 men riding horses which divided into two groups – from upper and lower villages. Before they start, the Rato (Traditional priest leader) Prays in between of two groups, then he throw a spear to start the game. Immediately followed by those horse riders race their horse and throw their spears toward the opponent over and over. This is a blood sacrifice..!

This ceremony happen only once in a year ( FEBRUARY and MARCH ) and date could not be predicted in advance, it is always not in the same date every year. It depends on RATO’S decision which is announced one or two weeks before.


Flight arrival : 14.30 by Merpati.
On arrival at Airport of Tambulaka Airport, our guide will meet you and transfer to MONALISA COTTAGES or Similar . Afternoon city tour visit; traditional market and villages nearby the city of Waikabubak such as: TARUNG ,WAI TABAR and Prai Ijing to see stone graves and traditional houses Of Sumbanese return to hotel for dinner and overnight.

Early morning breakfast ( 04.00am ) at hotel, drive to lamboya about 45 Minutes drive to attend the PASOLA, Direct to the beach to see ceremony of catching sea worm by the RATO, then back to the field for attending the Pasola During the Day. Lunch box will be provided on the beach . Afternoon, return to hotel for Accommodation and meals at MONALISA COTTAGES or similar . o

Early morning breakfast at hotel ( 05.00 am ) drive to Kodi about 2,5 hours for witness the another PASOLA. During the Day. Lunch box will be provided on the spot. , visit some traditional houses in Kodi ( Tosi Village, etc ) Afternoon,return to hotel for Accommodation and meals at MONALISA COTTAGES or similar.
DAY.04. WAIKABUBAK-TAMBULAKA-DENPASAR ( B ) or Waingapu depend on Flight Schedule.
After Breakfast at your hotel , Transfer to Tambulaka /Waingapu Airport to catch flight for your next destination.

Total Person
1- 2 pax RP 5.625.000
3 -4 pax RP 3.135.000
5 -6 pax RP 2.530.000
7 -8 pax RP 2.475.000
10 pax RP 1.925.000
Sgl.Supl. pax RP 690,000

Price includes :
• Tours and transfers as per itinerary.
• Accommodation on twin-sharing basis .
• Full board meals (BLD). Breakfast service by Indonesian Breakfast.
• Porters, donations and entrance fees.
• English-speaking guide ONLY, Mineral Water .
Price Valid until : 31 Maret 2010

Price NOT include :
• Ticket Flight Return ( Rp.1.800.000/Person ) by Merpati F.100 0r Trans Nusa Via Tambulaka or Waingapu.
• Any personal expenses such as laundry, phone calls, drinks, tips, etc.
• Insurance.

Sumba Cultural Tour


Duration : 6 Days / 5 Nights
Starts / Ends : Bali
Day 01 Arrival WAINGAPU
Upon arrival meeting service and transfer to Hotel for lunch. Afternoon visit the traditional village of Prailiang. It is a beautiful ride through the savannah of the north coast of Sumba. There are buffaloes, cows and horses roaming the field. The village is situated on the hilltop over viewing the valley of Mondu half cut by a river. Short walk to the village is a must. There are ten traditional houses but only six of them permanently occupied. Afternoon return to Hotel.
In the morning visit the market of Waingapu and Prailiu to see the Ikat Weaving and then proceed eastwards towards Pau and Rende two of the many villages well known for their beautiful Ikat. En route stop at place where Sabu People produce Palm Sugar out of Palm Wine (during dry season only: April to October). Picnic lunch at one of the beach in the area. Afternoon visit Pau and Rende – the two Royal villages furnished with huge carved stone tombs and traditional houses. They are also known as the center of Ikat Weaving of Sumba.
In the morning drive to Waikabubak en route stop at Anakalang to see the huge and carved stone tombs. Afternoon visit the traditional villages around the town, such as Tarung, Waitabar and Paletilulu.
Visit the market (Sumba weekly market, West Sumba: Wednesday and East Sumba on Saturday). After visiting market drive to Kodi – the area is known for the tall traditional houses and probably the tallest on the island. There are plantations of coffee, cashew nut, banana, and coconut and teak wood forest en route. Arrival Kodi area visit some villages such as: Ratengaro and Parona Baroro. Picnic lunch at Tossi beach. Afternoon visit Bondo Kawangu and if possible meet the Pasola Priest in Tossi village.
Early in the morning drive southward and then trek to Sodan – the village of Rato, the Pasola Priest of Lamboya. It is a walk with beautiful panoramic views, passing valley cut by a river with rice fields and roaming buffaloes. After meeting Rato walk down hill till reach the spot what we called SODAN POINT – from where one will view the beautiful Sodan valley furnished by villages with traditional houses soaring from coconut trees and garnished with snake bent Kadengar river. Trek along the valley until reach bridge at the other side and take car to Marossi beach for picnic lunch and get yourself refreshed by swimming or relaxing on the white sand beach. Afternoon return to Hotel en route stop at Pasola field of Lamboya.
In the morning transfer to Tambolaka airport to take flight to the next destination.

For the Resorts go to Traveling by Sea


Sumba Island, southwest coast, east of Wanukaka. Alternate names: Anakalang. Dialects: Similar to Wejewa [wew], Mamboru, [mvd], Wanukaka [wnk], Lamboya [lmy].
east half of Sumba Island, south of Flores. Alternate names: East Sumba, East Sumbanese, Hilu Humba, Humba, Oost-Sumbaas, Sumba, Sumbanese. Dialects: Kambera, Melolo, Uma Ratu Nggai (Umbu Ratu Nggai), Lewa, Kanatang, Mangili-Waijelo (Wai Jilu, Waidjelu, Rindi, Waijelo), Southern Sumba. Dialect network. Kambera dialect is widely understood. Lewa dialect and Uma Taru Nggai have difficulty understanding those from Mangili in many speech domains.
West Sumba. Alternate names: Kudi. DialectsKodi, Sumba , tribe, suku: Kodi Bokol, Kodi Bangedo, Nggaro (Nggaura). May be most similar to Wejewa [wew].
Lamboya -25.000
southwest coast, southwest of WaikabuLamboyabak. Dialects: Lamboya, Nggaura. Similar to Wejewa [wew], Mamboru [mvd], Wanukaka [wnk], Anakalangu [akg]
Northwest Sumba, between Kodi and Mamboru. Alternate names: Laora. Dialects: Laura, Mbukambero (Bukambero). Not intelligible with Kodi [kod].
Northwest Sumba Island, Memboro coastal area. Alternate names: Memboro. Dialects: Related to Wejewa [wew], Wanukaka [wnk], Lamboya [lmy], Anakalangu [akg].
southwest coast, east of Lamboya. Alternate names: Wanokaka. Dialects: Wanukaka, Rua. Similar to, but unintelligible to Wejewa [wew], Mamboru [mud], Lamboya [lmy], and Anakalangu [akg] speakers. Intelligibility with varieties in east Sumba and Kambera uncertain.
Wewewa, Kambera-113.000
West Sumba Island interior. Alternate names: Veveva, Waidjewa, Wajewa, West Sumbanese, Wewewa, Wewjewa, Weyewa. Dialects: Weyewa, Lauli (Loli), Tana Righu.
The Wewewa live on the western part of Sumba. Sumba, one of the Lesser Sunda Islands, is located in eastern Indonesia.
The Wewewa are distinguished from the people on the eastern part of the island (the Kambera) primarily by language, although there are some cultural differences as well.
Sumba’s mainland consists of plateaus with scattered, irregular hills. Since the climate is hot and dry, most people live on the plateaus, where extensive grasslands support grazing and small scale agriculture.
Sacred myths that describe the origin of the Wewewa mention ancient places such as “Mecca” and “Djawa.” However, documented records of their history only go back as far as the fourteenth century. By the seventeenth century, the island of Sumba was well known for its sandlewood and horses. Even today large herds of wild horses are used for export as well as for riding.
Most of the Wewewa are small scale farmers. Income is also generated by the raising of animals and bartering of goods. Rice and maize are grown in season, in addition to year-round gardens and tree crops. Water buffalo are eaten as ceremonial food on very special occasions.
Fine fabrics that have been woven from locally grown cotton are famous throughout Sumba. This also plays an important role in the economy of the people.
A large bartering system exists on island of Sumba. Labor, services, ceremonial foods, and goods are all commonly traded among groups of relatives and friends.
Marriages are arranged by the Wewewa elders. In the case of first marriages of aristocrats, considerable negotiations are commonly made prior to the wedding. Cross cousin marriages are preferred.
Traditionally, the Wewewa culture recognized two classes of people: the tau kabihu (humans), and the tauata (slaves). The tau ata were either prisoners of war or law breakers. Class distinctions are still recognized today, and are heredity, based on the status of both parents.
While nearly 10% of the Wewewa are practicing Muslims, the remaining 90% worship a variety of gods and “animistic spirits.” (Animism is the belief that non-human objects have spirits.) Their legends tell of the creation of the world, of man’s descent from the upper world to the mythical mountain top, and of the origin of man. These stories also include details about the adventures and travels of their ancestors. Such tales have become, over time, a sacred oral tradition of the Wewewa.
The Wewewa regularly hold religious ceremonies in hopes of maintaining harmony between man and the spirit world. Local priests officiate at all religious ceremonies and funerals of clan members.
Communication with the spirit world is primarily done through blood sacrifices, food offerings, and prayers to the spirits. Sacred altars are a common sight, and are located in houses, villages, fields, and even in the bush.
southwest coast, southwest of Waikabubak. Dialects: Lamboya, Nggaura. Similar to Wejewa [wew], Mamboru [mvd], Wanukaka [wnk], Anakalangu [akg].
Laura-N-W Sumba-11.000
Northwest Sumba, between Kodi and Mamboru. Alternate names: Laora. Dialects: Laura, Mbukambero (Bukambero). Not intelligible with Kodi [kod].
Northwest Sumba Island, Memboro coastal area. Alternate names: Memboro. Dialects: Related to Wejewa [wew], Wanukaka [wnk], Lamboya [lmy], Anakalangu [akg].
The livelihood of the Mamboru people is primarily a combination of small-scale farming and raising livestock. They also barter and trade for items they do not have. Their crops are mainly rice and corn. Recently they have used irrigation systems that bring water across the valleys for farming. The family leaders have the goal of collecting wealth in the manner of owning water buffalo and horses, as well as acquiring cloth and jewelry. Honor for Mamboru people can be earned by conducting traditional and religious ceremonies. During the ceremonies the entire family takes this opportunity to display their wealth. The traditional culture of the Mamboru people recognizes two divisions of society, tau kabihu (humans) and tau ata (slaves). These divisions determine one’s land rights and place in society. The tau ata consist of prisoners of war and people who have broken traditional laws and are no longer considered part of the tau kabihu. These two classes of society are passed down from the parents to each new generation, and even today are a large factor is determining one’s status in society.

The majority of the Mamboru people adhere to the belief system of their ancestors, which is animistic. They have stories and myths that have been passed down through the generations, which are often retold in night time gatherings. These stories and myths are about the history of the earth’s creation, the origin of man (he was lowered from the heavens to a mountaintop), and how people were dispersed to different areas and formed the first clans. The Mamboru people carefully obey and follow their holy laws and have special religious ceremonies to guard the harmony between humans and spirits.

southwest coast, east of Lamboya. Alternate names: Wanokaka. Dialects: Wanukaka, Rua. Similar to, but unintelligible to Wejewa [wew], Mamboru [mud], Lamboya [lmy], and Anakalangu [akg] speakers. Intelligibility with varieties in east Sumba and Kambera uncertain.

Traditional funeral ceremony

Traditional funeral ceremony in Kampung Kiku Letena, near Waikabubak, Sumba island, Indonesia

The video speaks for itself. It occurred on the island of Sumba in Eastern Indonesia which has numerous other equally barbaric religious sacrifice traditions and events. 

Religious animal sacrifice is not yet banned throughout Indonesia and many different religions and belief systems still exist where the participants believe that violence towards animals will make gods and spirits happy with them.  

The animals are killed in a variety of cruel and brutal ways which include stabbing them to death, slowly slitting shallow cuts to the throat, beheading, being torn apart alive by frenzied mobs, having their throat slit and head slowly torn off, burning alive, suffocation, live skinning, and removal of hearts whilst fully conscious. Body parts such as limbs are often also removed whilst the animals are still alive and fully conscious. They are normally beaten and roughly handled by impatient “priests” and bound in painful ways before the actual sacrifice. 

Transport to the sacrifice is also horrendous and can involve tying and suspending large animals such as bovines by their feet from the roof of vehicles. Many animals are injured or die during the transport. Despite this outrageous abuse and blatant cruelty the Indonesian government subsidises and funds many of the sacrifices and events.

Children are taken to these events and subjected to terrifying scenes of violence and abuse.They are visibly frightened and traumatised by what they see. Being exposed to such violence at such a young age can cause mental instability and pathological conditions and disorders.

Animal sacrifice is abhorrent, barbaric, pointless and cruel and we call on the government of Indonesia to ban all animal sacrifice, of all species of animal and involving all religious beliefs and traditions. 

It is 2011 and there is no place in the modern world for such vicious and mindless cruelty.

The petition

Please help to put an end to animal sacrifice in Indonesia and add your voice to the PETITION urging the Indonesian Government to ban all animal sacrifice.