Sumba, Birding on Sumba

Sumba, Birding on Sumba

http://burung-nusantara.org/birding-sites/lesser-sundas/sumba/

Treron-teysmannii

Treron-teysmannii, Sumba Green-pigeon, Punai Sumba

Birding on Sumba

Summary:

Easy roadside birding, beautiful scenery and amazing local culture; and a ton of endemics!

Key bird species:

Brown Goshawk; Spotted Harrier; Short-toed Eagle; Sumba Buttonquail; Red-naped Fruit-Dove; Sumba Green-Pigeon; Citron-crested Cockatoo; Sumba Boobook; Little Sumba Hawk-Owl; Mees’s Nightjar; Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher; Sumba Hornbill; Elegant Pitta; Sumba Cuckoo-shrike; Sumba Brown Flycatcher; Sumba Flycatcher; Chestnut-backed Thrush; Red-headed Myzomela; Apricot-breasted Sunbird;

Birdwatching locations:

Sumba has a lot of birds packed into a small number of sites! All but one of the endemics are found in forest, and if you are lucky you can see them all in 1-2 days.

Sumba Buttonquail

This is the only endemic which cannot be found in the forest, and is most often searched for near either one of Sumba’s two airports. The most commonly visited site is Yumbu, around 20 km east of Waingapu. Take a car or ojek (motorbike taxi) along the coast road until an obvious bridge over a wooded ravine is reached. The fields on either side of the bridge, and on either side of the road hold Sumba Buttonquail, but seeing them is not always so easy, and probably will require lots of marching around in the hope of flushing one.

An alternative, if you arrive or leave from Sumba’s other airport, Tambolaka, is to head north from the airport towards the coast, then east along tracks towards the Newa Sumba Resort. Sumba Buttonquail have been seen in the fields and grassy scrub near the resort.

Be careful identifying buttonquails, as both sites also hold Brown Quail, and both Red-backed and Barred Buttonquail are recorded on Sumba! The scrubby coastal strip can also be productive for other species, including Spotted Harrier, Brown Goshawk, Barred Dove, Australian Bushlark, Green Junglefowl, Apricot-breasted Sunbird and Sumba Brown Flycatcher.

Forest birding near Lewa

The small village of Lewa lies in the centre of Sumba on the main east-west road, around one hours drive from Waingapu, or around two hours drive from Tambolaka. It is famous for being close to some nice forest, and for having a birder-friendly guesthouse that can help arrange transport, guides and logistics (see details below). Around Lewa there are several good spots for birding, any one of which can get you all the endemics if you are lucky.

To the west of Lewa lies Manupeu-Tanah Daru National Park, the biggest national park on the island (the other national park is Laiwangi-Wanggameti in the south-east of the island). The edge of the park begins around 10 km to the west of Lewa. Here the main road drops down through 2-3 km of nice forest situated between km markers 68-72. Birding is excellent along this road in the early morning, and all of the forest endemics can be seen here on a good day, plus non-endemic goodies like Elegant Pitta and Chestnut-backed Thrush. Simply get a ride from Lewa and get dropped at the top or bottom and work your way slowly along the road, exploring any side trails that look interesting. The site is especially reliable for night birds, and a small clearing just off the road at around km 69.5 (where the road turns a sharp right-hand bend as you come down) holds both endemic owls and Mees’ Nightjar.

To the south of Lewa, also within Manupeu-Tanah Daru National Park, is another forest site, near the village of Watumabela. The village is around 20 km south of Lewa and is best reached by car or a long motorbike ride from Lewa. From the village trails head west towards the park and forest. Most birders head to a hill-top viewing site about an hours walk away in the hope of picking up pigeons and Citron-crested Cockatoo, the specialities of this site. Finding the right trail to this observation hill is not so easy, so you will probably need to take a local guide. Early morning is best, meaning it is likely that the drive and the walk will both be in semi-darkness. During the wet season the trails may become overgrown and difficult to negotiate.

To the east of Lewa are a few small patches of forest that have proved very productive for birding over the years. These forest patches have the distinct ‘advantage’ (from a budget birding perspective!) of not lying within the national park. This means you can avoid any kind of forced formality in visiting them (see below!). Access is from a side trail heading south from the main road around 10 km west of Lewa (at about the km 51 marker). Following the side track brings you to the forest after only a short walk and then the birding is similar to the forests west of Lewa.

Forest birding near Waikabubak

For birders coming from the western end of Sumba, or for those with more time, the section of the cross-island road between around km markers 93-95 is great. This area can either be accessed from Lewa (about 40 mins drive) or from the town of Waikabubak further to the west (about 20 mins drive). The roads descends (or rises.. depending on where you are coming from..) through around 4-5 km of good condition forest, and in several places provides excellent views over the forested valley below. This area lies at the western boundary of Manupeu-Tanah Daru National Park and holds all of the forest endemics. The views over the valley provide an excellent look-out for pigeons and parrots, including Citron-crested Cockatoo. The areas at the bottom of the road, near the metal bridge that forms the boundary of the park, holds the endemic owls and Mees’ Nightjar.

Access and Accommodation:

Sumba has two airports, both served by flights from Denpasar, Bali, with fluctuating schedules to other airports in the Lesser Sundas (Kupang, Bima, etc). Most birders opt to fly to Waingapu, the bigger of the two (but that is not saying it is big!), and then base themselves initially in Waingapu town where there are several hotels (look in Lonely Planet for examples). For those arriving at Tambulaka airport in the west, the nicest accommodation option is the nearby Newa Sumba Resort (www.newasumbaresort.com), which also has excellent birding in its grounds.

From Waingapu to get to Yumbu for the buttonquail you can simply hire a car (from your hotel), a taxi (if you can find one) or an ojek (motorbike taxi). To get to Lewa or Waikabubak from either Waingapu or Tambulaka you can seek out public buses (ask at your hotel for where to find one) or rent a car for the trip (again your hotel will be able to arrange this). In Waikabubak there are several basic hotels, while in Lewa the place to aim for is the homestay (losmen) run by Kathy & Cornelis Hary (Jl. Pameti Karata, Lewa, Sumba, 87152). To contact Hary’s Losmen, call Mamma Rewu on +6285239910745 or email another guy in the village named Budi at b_Karwelo@yahoo.de and he can apparently pass a message on.

To get to the sites around Lewa, ask for help at Hary’s Losmen. To get to places from Waikabubak you can get a car from your hotel and head east towards the forest, or negotiate any other form of transport that suits your budget (bus, bike etc!).

Dealing with the national park

The concept of organised ecotourism has not yet reached the management authorities of Manupeu-Tanah Daru National Park, whose approach to visiting birders is more typified by complete randomness, obscure and at times expensive charges, guides that don’t guide, and a complete lack of receipts.

As several of the sites mentioned above are within the park, you do technically need permission from the park to go birdwatching there. There are several possibilities for how you deal with this. We make no recommendation here, as everyone seems to have a different experience, these are just your options!

    1. Just go there anyway, and birdwatch along the roads (km 93-98, km 68-72). The chances of you bumping into any park staff are pretty remote.
    2. Let Hary’s Losmen in Lewa sort you out (in advance, if you can). They will know the latest situation with the park and can help you arrange whatever formalities are prevailing. This may or may not involve you taking a guide from the park, and may or may not involve you paying variable amounts of money to them. There is also a local guide, Freddy Hambuwali who apparently knows the Sumba sites and can help you with arrangements (freddy_ikat@yahoo.com) or alternatively use one of the ‘Indonesia-wide’ local guides/agents or tour companies to take the pain out of the logistics!
    3. Present yourself to the park, and negotiate. The head office of the park is in Kupang (very useful..). There is also supposedly a section office in Lewa, and possibly also Waingapu and Waikabubak. If you can find any one of these, turn up and say what you want, and the park will start quoting prices. The mandatory requirement is that you get an entrance ticket, but the official price is only a few dollars for a few days. There is also a mandatory small extra charge if you have a camera. This said, don’t expect to be quoted the mandatory charge, and the park can (by law) at their discretion require you to be accompanied by a guide, for which there is no set charge. The good news (!) is that you are more than free to haggle. If you don’t like what they quote you first, offer far less and try and agree on something acceptable. If you finally cant agree on a price or ‘service’, then walk away, revert to option 1 above, or concentrate on the forest outside of the park!

More info:

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Site map:

To download the Google Earth (.kmz) file, click on the download link below the map

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– Sumba, Pasola War Festival

Sumba, Pasola War Festival

http://www.adventureindonesia.com/komodo-pasola.htm

Click to Enlarge !

Pasola--01-800

Pasola is the name of a war game tournament played by two groups of selected Sumbanese men. They riding their decorated selected horses fling wooden spears at each other. (The government allows the ritual game to take place, but the spears much the blunt). Pasola is a traditional ceremony of the Sumbanese held in the way of uniquely and sympathically traditional norms, every year in February and March and has become the focus of attention of the people since it is a part of the sacred homoge to the Marapu.

Pasola is, above all, the most exciting ritual of Sumba-where else in the world can you see colorful horsemen trying to kill each other? Where else in the world can you see the shedding of blood, the lost of and eye, and occasional death coloring the event and being the part of the game?. The ceremony occurs during February in Lamboya and Kodi and during March in Gaura and Wanukaka. The main activity starts several days after the full-moon and coincide with the yearly arrival to the shore of strange, and multihued sea worms – nyale. The precise date of the event decided by Rato during the wula podu (the month of pasola the fasting month).

Pasola is derived from the world Sola or Hola meaning a kind of a long wooden stick used as a spear to fling each other by two opponent groups of horsemen. The horses used for this ritual are usually ridden by the brave and skilled selected men wearing traditional customes. In its wider and deeper meanings Pasola really not only is something worth looking on but also is something worth appreciating, for there are still other elements bound tightly behind it. The people of Sumba believe that the ritual has a very close link to the habit of the people since it arranges the behavior and the habit of the people so that the balanced condition between the physical – material needs and the mental-spiritual needs can be easily created; or in other words the ritual is believed to be able to crystallize the habit and the opinion of the people so that they can live happily both in earth and in heaven. In addition to it, Pasola is also believed to have close relation to the activity in agriculture field, therefore any bloodshed (of sacrificial cattle or men participating in the game) is considered the symbol of prosperity that must exist. Without blood Pasola means nothing to them. Those who die in the pasola arena are believed to have broken the law of tradition during the fasting month. Pasola that always takes risks, however, is accepted by the people in a very hospitable way and sportive.

DAY TO DAY ITINERARY

DAY 01 : DENPASAR (BALI) -TAMBOLAKA
Arrival Tambolaka transfer directly to Waikabubak. Visit beautiful traditional villages, such as Tarung and Puunaga, surround the town. In those villages one can have a closer look into the unique high roofed houses, the stone tombs and even you still can see Andung – the branched wood pole used to hang the skull of the village enemies after the inter clan war. Transfer to HOTEL NEWA for your accommodation. Please notes : * Newa Sumba resort: North coast of Sumba right on the white sand beach (no swimming pool). Next to Tambolaka airport and close to Kodi (D)

DAY 02 : FULL DAY PASOLA at KODI
For the time and please to be advise until we get the precise date of the event decided by Rato during the wula podu (the month of pasola the fasting month).We can also exploring many traditional villages in West Sumba if time permit. It is worth to visit the villages in Kodi area where the tallest – almost as high as the tall coconut trees – traditional Sumba houses, the home of the Marapu believers. Lunch box will be provided. Transfer to HOTEL NEWA for your accommodation. Please notes : * Newa Sumba resort: North coast of Sumba right on the white sand beach (no swimming pool). Next to Tambolaka airport and close to Kodi (B, L, D)

DAY 03 : FULL DAY PASOLA OR VISIT WANOKAKA & LAMBOYA.
Another visit for Pasola War Festival or explore other traditional village at Wanokaka & Lamboya. There are many traditional villages in Sumba. It is worth to visit the villages in Kodi area where the tallest – almost as high as the tall coconut trees – traditional Sumba houses, the home of the Marapu believers. There are virgin white sand beaches. Take you chance to enjoy the nature beauty. Lunch box will be provided. Transfer to HOTEL NEWA for your accommodation. Please notes : * Newa Sumba resort: North coast of Sumba right on the white sand beach (no swimming pool). Next to Tambolaka airport and close to Kodi

DAY 04 : TAMBOLAKA – DENPASAR (BALI)
After breakfast at the appropriate time transfer to airport to catch your flight back to Bali.

GENERAL INFORMATION OF SUMBA ISLAND
Sumba island has a great and unique position respect to the Sunda Banda archipelagoes, it is one of the biggest island on the East Nusa Tenggara region beside Flores and Timor. It represents an isolated sliver of probable continental crust to the south of active volcanic islands (Sumbawa, Flores ) within the forearc basin (Fig.1). It is situated to the north of passage from the Java Trench (subduction front) to the Timor Through (collision front). It does not show still the effects of strong compression in contrast to islands of the outer arc system (Savu, Roti, Timor), while the magmatic units make up a substantial part of the Late Cretaceous to Paleogene stratigraphy.

Sumba island covers an area of 11,150 square km which is now populated by about 350,000 people. Generally the climate similar to other part of Indonesia where a dry season (May to November), and a rainy season (December to April). The island of Sumba is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic tombs, typical hand woven textile (“ikat”), and still untouched beautiful beaches. There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the Lesser Waingapu & Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter Sumba for either by flight or boat.

Sumba has a unique culture and their social life. Sumbanese are traditionally divided into three level of social life : (Raja/King) – Maramba, Customary Official – Kabihu, and Slaves – Ata. Sumbanese are living from farming, cattle breeding, rice-field farming and trading. Ones owns cattle will contribute to their social status such as if they had more cattle giving them a higher social status.

Most Sumbanese are Christian (Catholic and Protestant), however, and part of them are still strongly keep their native and original religion called Marapu. Most cultural objects are related to the Marapu religion such as the shape of traditional houses, ceremonies, or kings’ graves and tombs.

The island of Sumba is well known of its sandlewood, horses, impressive megalithic tombs, typical hand woven textile (“ikat”), and still untouched beautiful beaches. There are two entering point in to Sumba island from anywhere in the Lesser Waingapu & Waikabubak (Tambolaka). These are the people could enter Sumba for either by flight or boat.

Pasola--02

Sumba, Pasola

Sumba, Pasola

http://www.indonesia-tourism.com/forum/showthread.php?446-Pasola-A-War-Game-Tournament-in-East-Nusa-Tenggara-Indonesia

Click to enlarge !

Pasola-01-800

Click to enlarge !

Pasola-02-800

Pasola is the name of a war game tournament played by two groups of selected Sumbanese men. They riding their decorated selected horses fling wooden spears at each other. (The government allows the ritual game to take place, but the spears much the blunt). Pasola is a traditional ceremony of the Sumbanese held in the way of uniquely and sympathically traditional norms, every year in February and March and has become the focus of attention of the people since it is a part of the sacred homoge to the Marapu.

Pasola is, above all, the most exciting ritual of Sumba-where else in the world can you see colorful horsemen trying to kill each other? Where else in the world can you see the shedding of blood, the lost of and eye, and occasional death coloring the event and being the part of the game?. The ceremony occurs during February in Lamboya and Kodi and during March in Gaura and Wanukaka. The main activity starts several days after the full-moon and coincide with the yearly arrival to the shore of strange, and multihued sea worms – nyale. The precise date of the event decided by Rato during the wula podu (the month of pasola the fasting month).

Pasola is derived from the world Sola or Hola meaning a kind of a long wooden stick used as a spear to fling each other by two opponent groups of horsemen. The horses used for this ritual are usually ridden by the brave and skilled selected men wearing traditional customes. In its wider and deeper meanings Pasola really not only is something worth looking on but also is something worth appreciating, for there are still other elements bound tightly behind it. The people of Sumba believe that the ritual has a very close link to the habit of the people since it arranges the behavior and the habit of the people so that the balanced condition between the physical – material needs and the mental-spiritual needs can be easily created; or in other words the ritual is believed to be able to crystallize the habit and the opinion of the people so that they can live happily both in earth and in heaven. In addition to it, Pasola is also believed to have close relation to the activity in agriculture field, therefore any bloodshed (of sacrificial cattle or men participating in the game) is considered the symbol of prosperity that must exist. Without blood Pasola means nothing to them. Those who die in the pasola arena are believed to have broken the law of tradition during the fasting month. Pasola that always takes risks, however, is accepted by the people in a very hospitable way and sportive.

Source: adventureindonesia.com

– Sumba National Parks and Nature Reserves map

Sumba National Parks and Nature Reserves map

Sumba-Island-nat-res-a

 

2 National Parks

Laiwangi-Wanggameti National Park
Gunung Langgaliru National Park

4 Nature Reserves

Danau Kadumbal
Luku Melolo and Lulundilu Protection Forests
Yawila Nature Reserve
Poronumbu Protection Forest
Tanjung Ngunju Protected Area

2 Proposed Nature Reserves  

Manupeu Protection Forest
Watu Manggota Protection Forest

Sumba’s unique forests need greater conservation efforts

http://sumbaisland.com/sumba-news/sumbas-unique-forests-need-greater-conservation-efforts.html

Sumba’s unique forests need greater conservation effortsBy admin |211 Views

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Sumba Laiwangi-Wanggameti National Park Mammals

Laiwangi-Wanggameti National Park

Mammals

Macaca-fascicularis-01-200

Sus-scrofa01-200

Macaca fascicularis
Long-tailed Macaque,  Crab-eating Macaque
Kera ekor panjang
Sus scrofa
Wild boar
Babi hutan

Sumba Cultural Tour

Sumba

Sumba Cultural Tour

alt

http://www.lomboklastminutes.com/sumbadicovery.htm

Duration : 6 Days / 5 Nights
Starts / Ends : Bali
Day 01 Arrival WAINGAPU
Upon arrival meeting service and transfer to Hotel for lunch. Afternoon visit the traditional village of Prailiang. It is a beautiful ride through the savannah of the north coast of Sumba. There are buffaloes, cows and horses roaming the field. The village is situated on the hilltop over viewing the valley of Mondu half cut by a river. Short walk to the village is a must. There are ten traditional houses but only six of them permanently occupied. Afternoon return to Hotel.
Day 02 SUMBA IKAT EXCURSION
In the morning visit the market of Waingapu and Prailiu to see the Ikat Weaving and then proceed eastwards towards Pau and Rende two of the many villages well known for their beautiful Ikat. En route stop at place where Sabu People produce Palm Sugar out of Palm Wine (during dry season only: April to October). Picnic lunch at one of the beach in the area. Afternoon visit Pau and Rende – the two Royal villages furnished with huge carved stone tombs and traditional houses. They are also known as the center of Ikat Weaving of Sumba.
Day 03 WAINGAPU – WAIKABUBAK
In the morning drive to Waikabubak en route stop at Anakalang to see the huge and carved stone tombs. Afternoon visit the traditional villages around the town, such as Tarung, Waitabar and Paletilulu.
Day 04 KODI EXCURSION
Visit the market (Sumba weekly market, West Sumba: Wednesday and East Sumba on Saturday). After visiting market drive to Kodi – the area is known for the tall traditional houses and probably the tallest on the island. There are plantations of coffee, cashew nut, banana, and coconut and teak wood forest en route. Arrival Kodi area visit some villages such as: Ratengaro and Parona Baroro. Picnic lunch at Tossi beach. Afternoon visit Bondo Kawangu and if possible meet the Pasola Priest in Tossi village.
Day 05 MEET the PASOLA PRIEST of LAMBOYA
Early in the morning drive southward and then trek to Sodan – the village of Rato, the Pasola Priest of Lamboya. It is a walk with beautiful panoramic views, passing valley cut by a river with rice fields and roaming buffaloes. After meeting Rato walk down hill till reach the spot what we called SODAN POINT – from where one will view the beautiful Sodan valley furnished by villages with traditional houses soaring from coconut trees and garnished with snake bent Kadengar river. Trek along the valley until reach bridge at the other side and take car to Marossi beach for picnic lunch and get yourself refreshed by swimming or relaxing on the white sand beach. Afternoon return to Hotel en route stop at Pasola field of Lamboya.
Day 06 WAIKABUBAK – TAMBOLAKA – NEXT DESTINATION
In the morning transfer to Tambolaka airport to take flight to the next destination.

Sumba Poronumbu Protection Forest

Sumba

Poronumbu Protection Forest

General

Poronumbu Protection Forest comprises an area of 2,500 ha near Waikabubak, West Sumba district’s capital. The site consists  ....  read more

Sumba Manupeu Protection Forest

Sumba

Manupeu Protection Forest

Longitude (DD) 119.45687358Latitude (DD) -9.73511690Designation Protection ForestStatus DesignatedCurrent Status Not KnownIUCN Category VIDocumented Total Area (ha) 12.000GIS Total Area (ha) 18.284 Manupeu Tanah DManupeu, Manupeu Protection Forest, Taman Hutan Raya, aru National Park is located on the island of Sumba in Indonesia. This national park consists plenty of steepy slopes. There are about 118 plant species protected in this national park including Toona sureni (suren), Sterculia foetida (taduk), Schleichera oleosa (kesambi), Alstonia scholaris (pulai, Ditabark), Tamarindus indica (asam, Tamarind), Aleurites moluccana (kemiri, Candlenut), jambu hutan (Syzygium sp.), cemara gunung (Casuarina sp.), and Lantana camara (lantana, Spanish Flag).

There are also 87 species of birds protected in this region, with 7 bird taxa are endemic to the island of Sumba. These are Sumba Yellow-crested Cockatoo (Cacatua sulphurea ....  read more

Sumba Danau Kadumbal Nature Reserve

Sumba

Danau Kadumbal Nature Reserve

Fauna:No information is available on the birds of the mangrove areas. Waterbirds observed~ by Bishop (in prep) during a brief survey of Kadumbal Lake included:

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Sumba Luku Melolo and Lulundilu Protection Forests

Sumba

Luku Melolo and Lulundilu Protection Forests

General

Luku Melolo, also known as Praimbana Lakatang, Protection Forest comprises an area of 7,700 ha. in southeast  ....  read more