Lombok, Birding on Lombok

Lombok, Birding on Lombok

http://burung-nusantara.org/birding-sites/lesser-sundas/lombok/

Summary:

The short hop across Wallace’s line ensures a trip to Lombok has birds to make it worthwhile.Caloenas-nicobarica-01-400

Key bird species:

Short-toed Eagle; Brown Goshawk; Orange-footed Scrubfowl; Metallic Pigeon; Dark-backed Imperial Pigeon; Black-backed Fruit Dove; Flores Green Pigeon; White-rumped Kingfisher; Cinnamon-banded Kingfisher; Elegant Pitta; Sunda Thrush; Chestnut-backed Thrush; Sunda (Scaly-crowned) Honeyeater; Brown Honeyeater; Five-coloured Munia.

Birdwatching locations:

Lombok lies to adjacent to Bali, and over recent years has developed its tourism base to compete. This makes for good inward transport connections, and a good local infrastructure. From a birding perspective Lombok lies just across Wallace’s Line, so supports an avifauna that is notably different, despite the proximity. There are no endemics on Lombok itself, but there are opportunities to see a few species that otherwise could only be seen by heading to more remote locations further east.

Gunung Rinjani and the central massif

The best birding on Lombok lies within the mountainous centre, crowned by the 3,600 m peak of Gunung Rinjani. The slopes of the mountain support some good condition forest, which gives way at higher altitudes to montane scrub and grassland. These forests can be accessed from a few different points, but the easiest is probably from the village of Senaru in the north. Birding can be good around the village itself, particularly in the river gorge below the village and on the path to the Sindang Gila waterfall. Look out here for the pigeons, honeyeaters and raptors.

The birding gets better in the proper forests above Senaru. From the top end of the village a footpath leaves for the summit of Rinjani, it first passes through farmland for 1-2 km before reaching the edge of the Gunung Rinjani National Park and the real forest. From this point it climbs through excellent condition forest for around 7-8 km before emerging into the montane scrub and grassland before the ridge of the summit crater is reached. Birding along this forested section can get you birds including the pigeons, thrushes, Elegant Pitta and the forest kingfishers.

Another area where half decent forest can be accessed relatively easily is on the road between Sembalun and Sapit. This lies on the eastern side of Gunung Rinjani and so is a greater distance to travel for anyone staying in the more popular resorts of Senggigi or the Gili Islands. From the village of Sembalun the road climbs to around 1,600 m, after entering the forest at around 1,300 m. Around 6-7 km of the road lies within forest before emerging again above the village of Sapit. Birds possible in this area are similar to those possible on the trail above Senaru, as mentioned above.

An area that formerly was described as good was Tetebatu on the southern slopes of Rinjani. Accessed from the village, trails are said to head north towards good forest. Recent reports from this area describe trouble finding any actual forest, so unless you are having real trouble reaching either of the two locations mentioned above, probably easier to skip this one!

Coastal lowlands

The lowlands on all sides of Gunung Rinjani are arid in comparison to the higher slopes, and generally denuded of any decent sized patches of forest. However, as anyone staying on Lombok is likely to be staying near the coast you will probably feel the need to take a wander and a look around. This can pay off, as many of the more widespread birds can be found clinging to small patches of forest along ridges or slopes, and in well wooded gardens and hotel grounds. These include such things as the honeyeaters, kingfishers and pigeons.

The Gili Islands deserve a particular mention as their position sticking out into the Lombok Straits makes them quite strategic for observing raptor and seabird migration in season. In the case of the former this could means hundreds of Chinese Goshawk, Japanese Sparrowhawk and Oriental Honey-Buzzard (October-November), and in the case of the latter a regular passage of Streaked and Wedge-tailed Shearwaters, Matsudaira’s Storm-Petrel and Red-necked Phalarope (September-January).

Access and Accommodation:

Most visitors to Lombok will probably either fly in direct, or come via Bali. Coming from Bali there are a choice of short flights to Mataram, or boat transfers. The regular public ferries depart Bali from Padangbai and arrive in Lombok at Lembar (to the south of Mataram). In addition to these there are private boats that have connections direct to several points in Lombok, including the Gili Islands. Information about these private boats can readily be found from any travel agent/tour seller in Bali (of which there are many hundreds!).

For accommodation options at all of the places mentioned above, a guide book like the Lonely Planet is probably most useful, and will list the options that suit your desired level of comfort. The main resort-style hotels are situated around Senggigi on the west coast, with a growing number now appearing near Kuta on the south coast. Backpacker-style places dominate the Gili Islands, but some of these are now going up-market. Accommodation in the villages around Gunung Rinjani tends to be of the small guesthouse style, but some are very nice and homely, and are used to accommodating foreign visitors.

To go birding in Gunung Rinjani National Park you technically need permission from the park. If you are just birding along the road between Sembalun and Sapit you probably don’t need to worry about this. If you are heading in from Senaru in the north then you might need to deal with it. The trail passes by a national park post as it leaves the village, and this is likely to be manned. If you just say you plan to birdwatch along the lower sections of the trail, and not stay in the forest overnight, or walk as far as the ridge, then you may well just be allowed in un-guided. If you plan a longer stay, or in particular you plan to walk to the high ridges or summit, then you will need to take a guide. The easiest way to arrange this is through the accommodation in Senaru or a travel agent near your accommodation elsewhere (as far away as Bali). Booking through such agents will also then take care of the park formalities.

Be wary about trying to walk to the summit without a guide, even if you think you can get into the park without being challenged. People regularly die on the mountain, usually by getting lost and blundering off cliffs in bad weather, plus the location of water supplies up high requires some prior knowledge.

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Lombok Nature Reserves and National Park

Lombok Sesanot Forest Park

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Sesanot Forest Park

Area Forest Park arSesanot, Sesanot Forest Park, Taman Hutan Raya, ea is located in the Village Sesaot Sub Sesaot Narmada, Dati II Kabupaten West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province. In astronomical Sesaot Forest Park located at the position 8 -ª 30 ‘- 8 -ª 33’ S and 116 -ª 13 ‘- 116 -ª 18’ E with the status of protected forest on TGHK No. 758/Kpts/Um/1982 dated October 12, 1982 an area of 5950.79 Ha. Topography In general the sloping terrain, undulating and hilly, with elevations ranging from 225 s / d 684 m above sea level and the slope of the soil varies from 15 to 45%. Water resources in the area of Forest Sesaot 509 springs with large debit between 5155 to 5475 liters / second in the rainy season.

Plantlife

Sesaot Tahura vegetation composition consisting of plantations and natural forests. Forest plant species dominated ....  read more

Lombok Suranadi Nature Recreation Park

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Suranadi Nature Recreation Park

lombok-Suranadi

Longitude (DD) 116.20897918Latitude (DD) -8.59050534Designation Nature Recreation ParkStatus DesignatedCurrent Status Not KnownEstablishment Year 1976IUCN Category Not KnownDocumented Total Area (ha) 52 This natural park located in the village of Narmada district Strait West Lombok regency. The extent of -ª 52 Ha. Tumbuhannya: Ficus benjamina, Terep, Kumbi, Klicung. Animals: monkey, Sesap Honey Bird, Bat, Komodo.

How to get there from Mataram is a big road paved -ª 20 km with about 20 minutes.

Wildlife Inside the Park Suranadi live several species whose numbers are relatively small compared with Rinjani National Park. Among them: Types of Mammals:Gray monkeys (Macaca fascicularis)Kera Hitam (Presbytis cristata)Weasel Water (Cyngale benniti)Jelarang (Ratufa bicolor)etc..

Types of Birds (Aves):
 ....  read more

Lombok Batu Gendang Forest Game Reserve

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Batu Gendang Forest Game Reserve

Latitude : 8 52 12 S Logitude : 115 55 12 EAltitude : 0 to 815 metresArea : 10000 ha Wetlands: 0 haSite Description

A  ....  read more

Lombok Bangko-Bangko Nature Recreation Park

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Bangko-Bangko Nature Recreation Park

Bangko-Bangko

Longitude (DD) 115.85522879
Latitude (DD) -8.75736873
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1992
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 2169
This area had no facilities, except the entrance. This place can be achieved with 2-wheel drive or 4 of mataram -ª 2 hours.
Nature Park-Bangko Bangko is located in the village Sekotong Sub-district, West Lombok, West Nusa Tenggara Province.

Topography in the area of Nature Park-BANGKO Bangko varies from flat, undulating and hilly with elevation (0-400 m) above sea level.

Plant life

In general, the type of vegetation in the Nature Park, Bangko Bangko consists of two types of vegetation fraction is the beach and vegetation lowland rain forest.

Vegetation includes coastal from Bruguiera family, Pandanaceae, Soneratiaceae and Rubiaceae, while the rain forest vegetation includes lowland species such as Bajur (Pterospermum javanicum), Kesambi (Schleicera oleosa), Waru (Hibiscus tiliaceus).

Species contained in the Natural Park-BANGKO Bangko include: types of birds such as forest Chicken (Gallus varius), Scaly-breasted falcon (Heliantus Indus) and Koakiau (Philemon buceroides). Types of mammals including gray monkey (Macaca fascicularis), Sunda and Warthog.

Tourism
Tourism appeal in the area of Natural Park is the Bangko-BANGKO beach conditions vary from flat, undulating and hilly with natural stones that looked solid and the white sand beaches that adorn the western region dibagian.

Bangko Bangko is the location of the famous Desert Point surf break in SW Lombok. Surfers and other visitors arriving from Bali and intending to get to Bangko Bangko, can find accomodation at the village of Tembowong, which is 11km west of Taun. The Putri Duyung Homestay (0812 – 3752459) offers simple cold water mandi rooms with traditional toilet for a bargain price. This is also a good stop off point if you are looking to explore Gili Gede, another island offshore. Boats can be arranged for a day, prices negotiable.

Pelangan is a small village 2km west of Tembowong. This is the main village in the area. To many visitors to Lombok, Mataram feels like a -µone-horse-town’ so Pelangan isn’t going to be -µexcitement city’. You can find local shops and 2kms to the west is Hotel Bola Bola Paradis (086812 – 104250), featuring affordable rooms with fan and cold water. A small local road heading south, 6km away offers access to the tranquil south coast.

West from Pelangan the coast is thick with mangroves. Siung Bay is the next point of interest, located 7kms away. The drive from Siung Bay to Labuhan Poh is particlarly beautiful with white sand islands and sparking blue water.

Selegang is located 3kms west off Labuhan Poh, offers a flatter landscape, with a few local houses. The tarmac stops here, and the continuing road isn’t in great shape as is the case for many areas in Lombok. A further 3kms is Bangko Bangko complete with a white sand bay dotted witth local fishermen’s residences. Around the coast from Bangko Bangko is the village of Pandana. Its possible to hire boats to get out to the surf break from here, just as surfers do at Kuta Reef.

This extreme SW section of Lombok is dry and desolate. People will tell you they hardly notice any mosquitoes, but many people come back with malaria. The area has few amenities and is only busy when surfers are in town.

Lombok Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park

Kerandangan, Kerandangan Nature Recreation Park, Taman Wisata Alam, Longitude (DD) 116.08883754Latitude (DD) -8.47036369Designation Nature Recreation ParkStatus DesignatedCurrent Status Not KnownEstablishment Year 1992IUCN Category Not KnownDocumented Total Area (ha) 320 Taman Wisata Alam (WTA) Kerandangan in Senggigi beach tourism area in the west bank of the island of Lombok. Varied natural conditions, flat, somewhat flat, bumpy, hilly and steep cliffs, making alternative Kerandangan TWA tracking tours on the island of Lombok.

In the rainy season (December – May) you can enjoy the beauty of the Princess Twin waterfall which is ....  read more

Lombok Kuta Gerupa Bay Nature Reserve

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Kuta Gerupa Bay Nature Reserve

Latitude : 9 53 30 S Logitude : 116 16 30 EAltitude : 0 to 0 metresArea : 250 ha Wetlands: 250 ha

Tenure : Government  ....  read more

Lombok Gunung Tunak Nature Recreation Park

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Gunung Tunak Nature Recreation Park

(Surat Keputusan) Menhut No. 439/Kpts-II/1997, 4 Agustus 1997. Luas areal 312,02 hektar. Mountain Tunak Nature Park located at the south end of island of Lombok. Beach and Nature Park is one of Mount Tunak series with Kuta Beach which is located on the west Mountain Tunak Nature Park.

In the forest of Montain Tunak, can be found pile rare breeding birds (Megapodius reinwartdt), and if lucky you will see Deer Timor.

 ....  read more

Lombok Nuraksa Grand Forest Park

Nusatenggara

Lombok

Nuraksa Grand Forest Park

Longitude (DD) 116.35012211Latitude (DD) -8.60373247Designation Grand Forest ParkStatus DesignatedCurrent Status Not KnownIUCN Category Not KnownDocumented Total Area (ha) 3155 Very easily accessible from Mataram -ª 17 km with about 20 minutes.