Solor Island

Solor Island

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solor island map, solor island, solor, peta,map

Solor is a volcanic island located off the eastern tip of Flores island in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia, in the Solor Archipelago. The island supports a small population that has been whaling for hundreds of years. They speak the languages of Adonara and Lamaholot. There are at least five volcanos on this island which measures only 40 km (25 mi) by 6 km (3.7 mi). The island’s area is 222 km2.[1]

History

In 1520, the Portuguese established a trading post in the village of Lamakera on the eastern side of the island as a transit harbor between Maluku and Malacca. In 1562, Dominican priests built a palm-trunk fortress which Javanese Muslims burned down the following year. The fort was rebuilt from more durable materials and the Dominicans commenced the Christianisation of the local population. By 1590 the Portuguese and Christian population numbered about 25,000. There were, however, repeated displays of resistance against both the Portuguese and their religion; in 1598-1599, for example, the Portuguese required an armada of 90 ships to put down a Solorese uprising. 

At this time, there was a conflict between the traders and the priests, so the traders left Solor and settled in Larantuka at Flores island. When the Dutch came in 1613, the priests surrendered at the first attack and were brought to Larantuka, too.

The Dutch kept the fort, but did not make a profit close to the Portuguese port. After two commanders defected to the Portuguese they give up Solor. In 1636 the Portuguese were attacked by the Dutch and had to abandon the fort. In 1646 the Dutch occupied the fort again. The first of the new commanders was suspended, because he married an indigenous woman. The second commander challenged the Portuguese commander to a duel and was slain. In 1648 the Dutch left and the Dominican priests returned. 

Towns and villages

  • Aplame
  • Balawelin
  • Kelike
  • Kukuwerang
  • Lamakera
  • Lamawolo
  • Lewograran
  • Liko

Tribe

Solor Island-Lamaholot

Lamaholot-see Flores

Lamaholot_to

Pantar Island

Pantar Island

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pantar island map, pantar island, pantar, peta

Pantar (Indonesian: Pulau Pantar) is the second largest island in the Indonesian Alor Archipelago, after Alor. To the east is the island of Alor and other small islands in the archipelago; to the west is the Alor Strait, which separates it from the Solor Archipelago. To the south is the Ombai Strait, and 72 km away, the island of Timor. To the north is the Banda Sea. The island is about 50 km north-to-south, and varies from 11 to 29 km in east-west width. It has an area of 728 km². The main towns on the island are Baranusa and Kabir. Administratively, the island is part of the Alor Regency.

The island consists of two distinct geographic zones. The eastern zone is dominated by a range of verdant hills which drop steeply to the coast of the Alor Strait. The western zone is relatively flat, consisting of a plain which gently slopes to the west from the 900 m active volcano, Mt. Sirung. The western zone is characteristically drier and much less densely populated than the eastern zone. Owing to its relatively low elevation, the entire island is drier than neighboring Alor. The dry season is long, interspersed with heavy rainfall during the rainy season, which peaks during January and February.

The economy is dominated by subsistence agriculture and fishing. The most common crops are rice, corn, and cassava. Crops are harvested annually in April and stored for consumption throughout the dry season. Excess production is sometimes traded for fish or to help support school children studying in the district capital of Kalabahi. Recently, commercial production of seaweed has been promoted along the north coast. A limited craft industry focused on ikat weaving is centered in Baranusa. Tourism remains underdeveloped, though a small dive resort was recently established on the northeast coast.

Access to the island is by water only; there is no airstrip on Pantar. Small wooden power boats ply the route between Alor and Pantar daily, serving numerous communities. The state-run ferry serves Baranusa weekly between Kalabahi (Alor) and Larantuka (Flores).

Languages

At least 9 different languages are spoken on Pantar. These include at least six non-Austronesian languages belonging to the Alor–Pantar family (Western Pantar, Deing, Sar, Blagar, Nedebang, Kaera) as well as the Austronesian language Alorese. A small community of Bajau speakers is located north of Kabir. Local varieties of Malay and more standardized Indonesian are used as languages of wider communication.

Tribes

Pantar IslandBelagar, Lamma, Nedebang, Tereweng, Tewa

Belagar-17.000
East Pantar, north Pura, south Ternate islands. Alternate names: Belagar, Tarang. Dialects: Apuri, Limarahing, Bakalang, Pura. The Retta variety on south Pura is thought to be a separate language by speakers of Alor [aol
Lamma-10.000
southwest and west Pantar. Alternate names: Lamma’, Lemma, Mauta. Dialects: Kalondama, Tubal (Tube, Mauta), Biangwala.
Nedebang-1.380
North central Pantar, south and southwest of Kabir. Alternate names: Balungada, N裥bang.
Tereweng-900
Tereweng Island off southeast Pantar Island. 2 villages northern side, 1 on Pantar. Dialects: Whether this is a dialect of Blagar [beu] or a separate language is disputed.
Tewa, Lebang-7.600
Central Pantar. Dialects: Deing, Madar, Lebang

Alor Island

Alor Island

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Geography

Alor has an area of about 2800 km², making it the largest island of the Alor archipelago.

Kalabahi is the only town on the island of Alor, with a metropolitan population of about 60,000. The variety of goods obtainable in Kalabahi is surprising considering its size and location.

Alor is of volcanic origin and has very rugged terrain. The region near Kalabahi is the only flat area. This is why the Dutch placed the capital and the main harbor (Alor-Kecil) of the area here in 1911.

“The best” snorkelling and diving in Indonesia can be found in the Alor archipelago. Due to intriguing and often very strong currents it is best to snorkel or dive with someone who knows the area well. Transportation to Alor by TransNusa Trigana Air, from Kupang, Denpasar and Surabaya.

Economy

The island’s infrastructure is only weakly built. The inhabitants practice mainly subsistence agriculture. The government seeks to change this with the help of international organizations. In the villages vanilla, tamarind, almonds and other nuts are cultivated. In the forests sandalwood is cut down for trade.

The latest geological explorations have discovered valuable resources such as gipsum, kaolin, petroleum, natural gas, tin, gold, and diamonds.

Alor’s highly-esteemed snorkeling and diving promise an increase in tourism in the future. Depletion of the fisheries has however damaged the coral reefs in recent years.

Religion

Over 168,000 people live on Alor. Three-fourths are protestants, the rest are either Muslims or in a few villages Roman Catholics. Animistic rites and traditions are still strongly practiced.

Language

More than 15 different indigenous languages are spoken on Alor, the majority of them classified as Papuan or non-Austronesian. These include Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Woisika, Kelon, and Kui. In addition, Alorese (Bahasa Alor; ISO 639-3: aol) is a Malayo-Polynesian language which is spoken along the coast of the western and southern Bird’s Head of Alor Island and in places on surrounding islands.

Many of the Papuan languages of Alor are endangered and are no longer being actively acquired by children. Some languages have fewer than 1000 speakers remaining. Significant linguistic documentation efforts have been undertaken recently by Leiden University.

The language of daily communication is Alor Malay, a unique Malay variety with some similarities to Kupang Malay. Indonesian is taught in schools and used widely in media.

Transportation

During the dry season, Kalabahi is serviced by flights five times a week from Kupang the provincial capital, using a [ATR42] 46 seat by TransNusa Trigana Air and Kasa 18-seat airplane. These flights are run by Merpati Airlines. Most of them are simply Kupang–Kalabahi–Kupang, but mid-2003 a new flight Kupang–Kalabahi–Kisar–Ambon, returning the next day, was introduced. The two Pelni passenger ships Serimau and Awu also pass through Kalabahi each week. Transport to Alor during the wet season is sometimes disrupted due to high winds and large waves.

On 17 November 2006 Trigana Air suffered its first ever plane crash accident. The aircraft (a de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter 300) struck a mountain in Puncak Jaya (Indonesia) seven minutes before it was scheduled to land in the remote Indonesian province of Papua. All 12 passengers on board died shortly after the incident.

Alor island has its own airport.

Tribes

Alor Island-Abui, Adang, Hamap, Kabola, Kafoa, Kamang, Kui, Sawila, Kelon, Retta, Sawila

Abui- 16.000 People

Abui is a language of the Alor Archipelago. ItAlor Island,  tribes, abui, alor, suku belongs to the Trans–New Guinea family spoken approximately by 16,000 speakers in the central part of the Alor Island in Eastern Indonesia, East Nusa Tenggara province. The native name is Abui tanga which literally translates as ‘mountain language’.

The term ‘Abui’ is an Abui word that means ‘mountains’ or alternatively ‘enclosed place’. This word is also used in Alorese Malay to refer to Abui speakers who refer to their language as Abui tanga ‘mountain language’ and to themselves as Abui loku ‘the mountain people’.

According to Abui oral tradition, Abui people settled in Alor in ancient times and did not find other settlers there. Later some of them moved to the Kabola peninsula.
The same tradition accounts that they dwelled in caves in the mountains in the Mainang area. In this area also some rock art is found. Abui refer to neighbouring tribes as ‘younger siblings’ or as ‘new arrivals’. However, the oral tradition in Alor serves too often as a political instrument. The oral tradition has not been vAlor Island,  tribes, alor, sukuerified by archaeological research yet.
Economy
Abui speakers are mainly farmers, just like other inhabitants of Alor. However, in mountainous areas hunting and gathering is also an important supplement to the staple diet of corn, cassava, and rice. In the coastal areas, which are less favourable for agriculture, many farmers have switched to fishing, the traditional activity of the Austronesian population. Traditional livestock are pigs and chicken. However, livestock seldom supplement the diet due to frequent swine fever and poultry diseases. Thus, the diet is not well balanced, often resulting in poor health conditions and anaemia, especially among children and women. In the mountainous areas the situation is better as traditional hunting provides a more balanced diet. The mountains also favour a number of important cash crops such as tamarind, coconuts, coffee, cloves, cocoa, cashew nuts, candlenuts, vanilla, almonds and tobacco. These provide the farmers with additional income, which results in generally better living standards than for people in the coastal areas.
EducationAlor Island,  tribes, abui,
Educational facilities in the Abui area are limited to elementary and secondary schools in district capitals. The nearest university is in Kalabahi, which offers limited training in economy, law, English and computer science. The more significant educational institutions are found in Kupang, the provincial capital of NTT.
Linguistic situation

Abui has a number of dialects: Northern, Southern and Western. Northern dialects spoken around villages of Mainang, Masape, Takalelang and Atimelang have been subject of linguistic study. Southern dialects are spoken around Kelaisi and Apui; western dialects are spoken around Mataru, Fanating and Moru. These dialects remain unstudied.

abui-01

Adang -Northwestern (Bird’s Head) Alor Island -36.000
Northwest (Bird’s Head) Alor Island. Alternate names: Alor. Dialects: Aimoli. On the basis of linguistic differences and social identity, it is considered a separate language from Kabola [klz]
Hamap-1.400
Kalabahi Bay, across from Kalabahi City, Moru town area. 2 villages. Migration in 1947 from Mo’eng, a few kilometers south. Still on their traditional land, but now in an interethnic community with the Kui [kvd]. Dialects: Said to be intelligible with the Adang-Aimoli dialect of Kabola [klz], but ‘Kabola’ is associated with the Bird’s Head area of Alor. Structural and lexical differences with Kabola.
Kabola-15.000
Northwest (Bird’s Head) Alor Island. Dialects: Pintumbang, Tang’ala, Meibuil, Otvai, Kebun Kopi. Dialect names and locations in Wurm and Hattori (1981) are disputed by native speakers. May be more than 1 language. Based on linguistic differences and social identity, best considered a separate language from Adang [adn].

Kabola-01

Kafoa-1.500
Southwest Alor Island, north of Aluben, between Abui [abz] and Kelong [kyo] languages. Alternate names: Aikoli, Fanating, Pailelang, Ruilak.
Kamang, Woisika-18.000
Alor Island, east central, between Abui and Tanglapui, Woisika village. Kamang dialect is spoken there and in 2 other villages. Alternate names: Waisika, Woisika. Dialects: Lembur (Limbur, Kawel), Sibo, Kamang, Tiayai, Watang, Kamana-Kamang. Probably more than 1 language.
Kui, Kui-Kramang-7.500
Alor Island, scattered enclaves. Kui on south coast in Lerabaing and Buraga, also in Moru in Kalabahi Bay, interspersed with Hamap [hmu]; Batulolong in Sibera and Kapebang. Alternate names: Lerabain. Dialects: Kui (Lerabaing, Buraga), Kiramang (Kramang), Batulolong.
Kelon, 15.000
southwest Alor Island. Alternate names: Kalong, Kelong. Dialects: Probur, Halerman, Gendok, Panggar.
Retta
South Pura Island Kalabahi Bay mouth; south Ternate Island. Dialects: Not intelligible with languages on north Pura.
Sawila-3.000
East Alor Island, between Kula and Wersing. Alternate names: Tanglapui. Dialects: Sawila, Lona, Salimana, Lalamana, Sileba. Marginal intelligibility but structurally similar to Kula [tpg]; distinct historical ethnic identities.

Adonara Island

Adonara Island

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alor-01-800

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alor-02-800

Adonara Tribe 19.000

Adonara Island, east Solor Island, between Flores and Lembata. Alternate names: Nusa Tadon, Sagu, Vaiverang, Waiwerang. Dialects: West Adonara, East Adonara, East Solor.

Adonara is one of the Islands east of Flores (district: FlAdonara , tribe, sukuores Timur), which is inhabited by the Lamaholot people, a tribe where ancient tradition still live on strongly. However most of the population is Christian due to strong missionary activities of the catholic SVD order. But still, traces of ancestor worship are practised alongside with catholic religion. There are still new ancestor or clanhouses constructed, which are entered only with great respect. For the documentation works, which I conducted here, I had to ask for permission to take photographs and make drawings, which where not granted in each village on the Island. On some places even the visit to clan houses was not possible due to spiritual reasons.
In Adonara houses are not built on stilts, like in nearly all other regions of Indonesia. This might be due to drier conditions, which allow to build on earthen platforms. In Adonara there is no wet rice cultivation, most of the crops are grown during the wet season. Near the field plots there are storage huts, called “Kebang”, mainly for maize and other crops, they are used as shelter after or during work on the field. The name of the rice storage building is “Lewat” a type is often situated in the village area. Gardens within the village boundaries are not really significant (differing from the systems in southern Sulawesi)
Nustenggara Alor Sawila Tribe 3.400 The people who speak Sawila are found in the Nusa Tenggara Region on Eastern Alor Island between Kula and Wersing. They live on mountainous slopes as well as along the coast. The area is best accessed by boat.

Lembata Island

Lembata Island

 
Pulau Lembata (the island of Lembata), formerly known as Pulau Lomblen, is the largest island of the Solor Archipelago, in the Lesser Sunda Islands, Indonesia. It forms part of the province of Nusa Tenggara Timur. The length of the island is about 80 km from the Southwest to the Northeast and the width is about 30 km from the West to the East. It rises to a height of 1533 m.

Lembata Island is known throughout the world as the home of traditional whaling .
See the nice site from http://www.vanhulsenbeek.com/lamalera
But what is not known is that the people of this Island are especially rich in cultural tradition. The beautiful rich Ikat weavings are entirely made from homegrown cotton, spun and dyed by the weaver. These cloths are still important as they are exchanged during marriage for Ivory tusks between the two families. The scenery throughout the Island is breathtaking, from the ever-imposing “Ile Ape” volcano of the palm fringed bays to the colorful bustling local markets – beauty and excitement are everywhere.
Lamalera village located on the southern tip of Lembata Island is the home of a traditional whale hunting community. Here, Sperm Whales have been hunted for centuries using all hand made equipment; their spears, rope and boats are all made in the village. The boats are without motors and the harpooner must jump from the boat to implant his harpoon in to the whale to ensure success. All parts of the whale are either consumed or traded with other Islanders for corn or other food. While whale hunting is not generally condoned by modern societies, when consider the ancestral links, the primitive equipment used and the importance to the people of Lamalera it is understandable that this traditional hunting has been sanctioned by the United Nations.
A remark from Sander van Hulsebeek : Commercial whaling is banned throughout much of the world, but subsistence whaling is permitted by International Whaling Commission
regulations in Alaska, the USA, the USSR and Greenland. Indonesia is
not, however, a signatory to the IWC.

The Whale Hunter Adventure

http://www.floressa-bali.com/tour-catalog/flores6d.html

6 Days Lembata Flores – The Whale Hunter Adventure to joint with the Whale hunter, see muscular harpooners chasing the whale using the wooden canoe called “Pledang” in which its sail is made of palm leaves.

DAY 01 : MAUMERE
On arrival at “Waioti” Airport of Maumere – Flores, our guide will meet you and transfer to FLORES SAO RESORT or Sea World Club for accommodation and meals. (D)

DAY 02 : MAUMERE – LARANTUKA – LEWOLEBA (LEMBATA)
Breakfast at hotel. Drive 127 km (4 hours drive) to Larantuka, a small town on the Eastern tip of Flores Island. On arrival direct to a local restaurant for having lunch, then transfer to the pier for boarding on a wooden boat to cruise to Lowoleba – Lembata/Lomblen Island. Accommodation and meals at LOSMEN REJEKI – Lowoleba. (B,L,D)

DAY 03 : LEWOLEBA – LAMALERA
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to the pier to depart for Lamalera – a village of Whale-Hunters in the South of the Island. On arrival joint with the Whale hunter, if you may be lucky you will see muscular harpooners chasing the whale using the wooden canoe called “Pledang” in which its sail is made of palm leaves. Accommodation and meals at villagers’ houses in Lamalera. (B,L,D)

DAY 04 : LAMALERA – LOWOLEBA
After having breakfast having another opportunity to observe the whale hunting activities learn their ways of hunting, customs and listening to their stories of conducting whale hunting. After lunch boating back to Lowoleba. Accommodation and meals at LOSMEN REJEKI or similar. (B,L,D)

DAY 05 : LEWOLEBA – LARANTUKA – MAUMERE
Breakfast at hotel. Cruise back to Larantuka. On arrival direct drive to Maumere, on the stops will be made according to local happenings. Accommodation and meals at FLORES SAO RESORT. (B,L,D)

DAY 06 : MAUMERE – OUT
Breakfast at hotel. Transfer to the Airport to depart for next destination. (B)

altalt

Island info

http://hurek.blogspot.com/2006/05/lembata-tenun-ikat-ile-ape.html

Lembata: Tenun Ikat Ile Ape

THE residents of the peninsula that is dominated by Ile Ape (Gunung Api, active vulcano) belong to the most traditional part of Lembata Island. The adat houses on the slopes, in which traditionally spirits are honored, are still in use and festivities like the ‘bean-fest’ (pesta kacang) still takes place.

The women make the nicest ikats of the island. The landscape is very beautifull. From Ile Ape, you can see the big protected Teluk Waienga in the east, with deep blue water and surrounded by coconut and lontar-palmtrees.

The weavers of Ile Ape don’t use synthetic dye or prefabricated threat. They make the threat by hand or self-grown cotton and the dye is made from roots and leaves of flowers. In all villages along the coast women are working behind their weaving machines.

The best fabrics are expensive, but can be very expensive if you have the best quality. They form an important part of the bridal treasure. During marriages the family of the bride gives the nice fabrics to the family of the groom.
Most villages have KOKER, small huts which are used as temples for the ancestors.

The koker are outside the village, on the slopes of Ile Ape. Sacrifices are regularly brought, but the most important spiritual annual event is the ‘Bean Festival’, Pesta Kacang.
In the 1960’s the Pesta Kacang was hardly performed anymore. The ‘ban’ on regional religions is eased now and the government has become aware of the political and economical benefits of the cultural diversity. In an effort to bring back to life several local traditiona, the government stimulated the Pesta Kacang.

The ‘new’ Pesta Kacang lasts three days. In earlier times it took upto one week. In a small group the first day is spend on prayers and sacrificing the village spirites, the goodlike ancestors of the village as well as the spirits of the soil.

The following two days are public. Several hundred people participate in the dances (HAMANG). For important guests, among foreigners, a stay for the night is arranged.
The festivities take place in Lamagute (July), Mawa (August), Lewotolok (September), Jontana (October) and Lamariang (November).

Under the influence of the modern time the old habits have been changed slightly. Stickfights, in which young men hit each other on the legs, are abolished. And married women nowadays cover their breasts.

The road from Lewoleba to Mawa (Napasabok), along the western side of the vulcano, is reasonably good. The road from Mawa to Tokojaeng at the eastern coast is not that good and there is no public transport. Between Tokojaeng and Jontona, only motorcycles, jeeps and people walking can travel. From Jontona, the road is better; it merges with the better road just north of Lewoleba. Passenger trucks maintain connections with the villages on the peninsula.

Especially on Mondays there is a lot of traffic because of the market in Lewoleba. But none of the – mostly overfull – trucks drives around the entire peninsula. During travelling you will look at a whole lot of dusty faces, unless you are in the lucky position to sit alongside the driver.

Who travels this area on foot and – where possible – by public transport, will have to get a nights stay offered by the residents of the villages. This shouldn’t be a problem; look for the kepala desa (village head) and ask permission to spend the night in the village. It’s not expensive. The dinner is local food (corn, maniok, vegetables and maybe some fish) and in the mornings there is coffee.

You can also travel on the island by rented motorbike with a driver. The easiest way to travel is by chartered jeep or bemo. These can transport more than five persons and comes along with a driver for a cheap price.

The road that runs towards the north from Lewoleba, passes a turn to the landing strip and leads to the ‘neck’ or Ile Ape and then follows the western shore of the island. Meanwhile, small cotton plantations can be seen, salt-panes and every once in a while a row of reo-trees, which were planted by the Dutch.

About 12 kilometers from Lewoleba is Waowala, dominated by the mosque. The road now runs over low coastal hilla; the landscape changes drastically here. All villages have small fields on the slopes, where maniok, corn, beans and nuts are grown. There are several coconut trees and the traveller can have a drink of air kelapa muda (coconut milk).

On the slopes of Ile Ape mountain, the men hunt with their dogs, and crossbows on wild pigs. In contrary to the eastern coast, the western side is no place for fishing.

In Lamagute or Mawa, at the northern coast, you can see the production of ikat fabrics. Take a local guide to the koker of the village. In the most important is a bronze drum with looks like a timeglass.

Most drums which were found in that region – on Lembata, Solor and mainly Alor – the copies of the old drums are of those of the Dongson culture, about 2000 years ago. They were used as merchandize and were made in the 17th and 19th century in China and mainland Jawa. The drum of Lamagute is probably an original dating from the Dongson period.

ILE APE

Who wants to climb the vulcano should realise that young, healthy climbers from the village take about two hours. Start before sunrise and take a hat, enough sunblick and water with you. Who wants to spend the night at the summit and doesn’t want to freeze should bring a sleeping bag as well.

East of the peninsula is Teluk Waienga. In Jontona – and also in Lamagute – you can order people to perform a traditional dance for you.

LEWOLEBA MARKET

The weekly market in Lewoleba is one of the biggest in Eastern Indonesia. It attracts visitors and merchands from Alor and Pantar in the west, places like Larantuka, Maumere and Ende on Flores in the west and the islands of Savu and Raija in the south. In the dry season (March through December) several thousand people flock to this market in the west of Lembata.

Most visitors come to sell and buy their food: fishermen, farmers and women from the highlands with their colorfull ikat-decorated fabrics.

They sell and buy food, clothing, spices, cattle and tools. Other visitors to there to gossip or to enjoy the atmosphere. And for the children the market place is one big playing field.

Around 4 A.M. trucks deliver the first – sleepy – passengers. Until 11 A.M. the trucks and bemo keep on driving. Throughout the day all kinds of boats with marketeers arrive and depart. Canoo’s with a diamont-shaped sail glide to their parking place. Noisy boats with engines move besides the pillared houses, pull out their engine and load their passengers on a shallow place in the water. With their merchandize on their heads, the women in colorfull sarongs walk to the shore.

Sweated farmers arrive on foot, some have a long trip behind them – on foot – of sometimes eight to ten hours. A trip with a truck is too expensife for them. They just bring a small bag of nuts, beans or tamarind with them.

A number of farmers uses the transport on Mondays to bring their harvest to Lewoleba. Kopra is the most important product, followed by green beans, nuts and tamarind. The government stimulated the cultivation of new crops, among them coffee, cashewnuts and palmsugar, so they can be bought at the market as well.

RISE OF LEWOLEBA

In the Dutch time, Lembata was then named Lomblen, Hadakewa – 20 kilometers east of Lewoleba – was the most important market place of the island. After the Second World War the small Lewoleba started to grow.

In the early 1950’s the first Bajo – semi-nomadic fishermen from the island of Adonara – built pillar houses off the coast, on grounds that were flooded a part of the day. But at the end of the 1950’s there were stil wild pigs around Lewoleba and Hadakewa was still much more important.

The Indonesian government and the Catholic Church were at the base of the rise of Lewoleba by making the village of arts the center of their activites. Hadakewa now is a neglected provincial capital of a subdistrict.

The trade between the coastal residents and the population in the hinterlands dates back for many years. The gatherers on the beach needed corn, maniok, onions and vegetables, because the coastal area was dry and the soil was infertile. The people from the hinterlands needed proteine and fish.

Most visitors of the market sell or buy small amounts: one kilo of corn, a few eggs, a handfull tobacco, one or two pineapples and a little bit of coffee. The women have spread their merchandize on a cloth. Chickens are hung by the legs, a snorring pig is tied to a rope, just in case. For the entire day, traders exchange the latest gossip, always chewing on a sirih-prune, which colors the teeth red.

Some women sell homemade fabrics, which are as usual reasonably cheap. Every once in a while you can find a great ikat, often a heirloom, saved for a bridal treasury. These can be very expensive.

Traders from Savu also bring ikat; it looks like useless, but the designs from Savu are very well received among the women on the market. They trade their threads for these sarongs. Handmade cotton is popular because natural dyes maintain better than the manufactured fabrics.

The most serious trade is that in daily needs: dried fish, nuts, rice, corn, beans, maniok and kerosine. Everyone knows the price – trading level – of these goods. As soon as a sale is approved – and often before – the men drink a glass of palmwine.

Sellers of small snacks offer numerous snacks: roasted fish, sticky rice in banana-leaves, colored cookies and cake, lemonade, fresh bread, popcorn and fresh roasted peanuts.
Posted by Lambertus L. Hurek at 11:48 AM

 alt
Tribes
Ile Ape-210.000
North Lembata (Lomblen Island), including Ile Ape volcanIle-Ape_toic peninsula and nearby mainland Lembata. North Ile Ape on the peninsula; South Ile Ape on the mainland. Alternate names: Nusa Tadon. Dialects: North Ile Ape, South Ile Ape.
Kedang-30.000
northeast Lembata (Lomblen) Island, villages on a ring road at the base of a volcano. Alternate names: Dang, Kdang, Kedang, Kedangese.
Lamalera-21.000
South coastal Lembata (Lomblen) IslaLamalera, , tribe, sukund. About 4 villages. Alternate names: Kawela, Lebatukan, Mulan.

A nice webite of Lamalera: Van Hulsebeek Holland


Lamatuka-?
Central Lembata (Lomblen) Island, between Ile Ape and Lewo Eleng. Several villages. Villages near the north coast are the result of recent government-induced migrations. Alternate names: Lamatoka. Dialects: Lewo Eleng [lwe] is probably most closely related.
Lembata South
South Lembata (Lomblen) Island, between Lamalera and Lamatuka
Lembata West
West end of Lembata (Lomblen) Island, west of Levuka. Both mountain and coastal villages around the base of a volcano. Alternate names: Labalekan, Mingar.
Levuka
West central Lembata (Lomblen) Island, between Ile Ape and Lamalera. Alternate names: Lembata, Lewokukun, Lewuka, Painara. Dialects: Levuka, Kalikasa.
Lewo Eleng
East central Lembata (Lomblen) Island, between Lamatuka and Kedang. Several villages. North coast villages are the result of recent government-induced migrations. Dialects: Lamatuka [slp] probably most closely related

– Alor Islands Maps and Dive Resorts

Alor Islands Maps

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Alor Islands Tribes, alor, tribes,

The Alor Island regency, in the far East of Indonesia, comprises two main islands Pantar and Alor, as well as a number of smaller isles. The undeveloped Alor regency is home to just 2 percent of Indonesia’s population. The Alor Straight is one Indonesia’s best kept secrets and a first class, undiscovered scuba diving region.
The water’s surrounding the Alor regency are extremely rich with varied reef profiles; walls, seamounts, rocky outcrops, and pristine coral-reefs.
Sustainable fishing practices and eco tourism are prevalent in the Alor Island region and there are no signs of reef destruction. Opportunities abound to interact with the locals on the various island who are a traditional seafaring people. Visibility is clear, waters warm and the density of divers is minimal, Alor is perfect tropical scuba diving.

Geography

Alor is the largest island in the Alor archipelago located at the eastern-most end of the chain of islands that runs through southern Indonesia, lying just north of the island of Timor. Pantar island is located just west of Alor. Other islands in the Alor archipelago include Kepa, Buaya, Ternate, Pura and Tereweng. Politically the Alor archipelago forms its own Kabupaten or district, in the province of Nusa Tenggara Timur. The interior of the islands Alor and Pantar is quite mountainous. However peaks are not as high as other nearby islands, such as Flores.

Kalabahi is the only town on the island of Alor, and is therefore the main centre for transport to, from and within the Alor archipelago. There are two main ways of getting to Alor from other parts of Indonesia. There are regular flights from Kupang to Kalabahi. These flights are run by Merpati airlines. Pelni passenger ships also service Kalabahi each week.

There are four main forms of public transport in the Alor archipelago. There are numerous routes between the islands, and from one part of an island to another by boat. Within Kalabahi and to nearby locations there are bemos, and more recently larger buses. It is possible to travel to places further a field from Kalabahi, but still on the island of Alor, by bus, ojek (motorbike with rider), or by ‘panser’ (WWII Japanese jeeps).

Transport to Alor during the wet season is sometimes disrupted due to high winds and large waves.

The islands Pantar and Alor are connected by a regular (usually daily) motor boat service. The journey takes about half a day. One service connects Kalabahi and west Pantar (Baranusa), the other Kalabahi and east Pantar (Kabir). In the rainy season, services are often disrupted due to bad weather conditions. Baranusa and Kabir are also connected by a small ferry, in order to avoid having to cross the mountain ridge that separates both parts of the island. There are only one or two cars or trucks on Pantar, and transport is mainly by boat, motorbike, by foot, or (in flat areas) by bicycle and wooden hand cart. There is one bank on the island (in Baranusa, west Pantar), and there are several secondary schools, as well as a few small shops, but there is no post office, no hospital, and no hotel or restaurant. In Baranusa there is a small lodge. Markets are held regularly in Kabir and Baranusa.
Local Attractions

Some of the best snorkelling and diving can be found in the Alor archipelago. Due to unpredictable and often very strong currents it is best to snorkel or dive with someone who knows the area well.

Alor is a very photogenic location, with crystal clear water containing beautiful coral reefs, spectacular mountains, with equally spectacular vistas from the top, and colourful locals.

Aside from the two languages Alorese and Kalabahi Malay, which are both Austronesian languages, all of the languages spoken on the island of Alor are Papuan languages otherwise known as non-Austronesian languages. There are at least 15 languages spoken on Alor, with some estimates going as high as 50 languages.

The actual number is most likely to be 15 – 30. All of these are endangered languages, with some having as few as 500 speakers, and many children no longer learning a local language, but being brought up learning Indonesian as their first language.

The Ethnologue for Nusa Tenggara Timor in Indonesia has more cultural information.

Dive sites

Dive operators around Alor

La Ptite Kepa Homestay & Diving (Cedric and Anne)The first one in Alor !
http://www.alor-diving.com/ (UW pictures’ gallery)

Alor Dive http://www.alor-dive.com/

Alor Divers (Neya and Gilles) http://www.alor-divers.com/arhipelago_eng.html

Dive Alor (Graeme and Donovan Whitford) http://www.divealor.com/

Homestay

la-petite-kepa

http://www.la-petite-kepa.com (general information)

Eco Dive Resort
http://www.alor-divers.com/eng/alor.html