Birding on Seram

Birding on Seram



Huge mountains, obscure islands, Salmon-crested Cockatoo and a whole load more central moluccan specialities and Seram endemics await.

Key bird species:

Forsten’s Scrubfowl; Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk; Meyer’s Goshawk; ‘Seram’ (Long-tailed) Mountain-Pigeon; Salmon-crested Cockatoo; Red Lory; Blue-eared Lory; Purple-naped Lory; Moluccan King-Parrot; Moluccan Scops-Owl; Moluccan Boobook; Lesser Masked-Owl; Lazuli Kingfisher; ‘Seram’ Swiftlet; Olive Honeyeater; Seram Honeyeater; Seram Myzomela; Wakolo Myzomela; Seram Friarbird; Moluccan Cuckoo-shrike; Pale-gray Cuckoo-shrike; Black-chinned Monarch; ‘Seram’ Golden Bulbul; Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher; Seram Thrush; Streaky-breasted Fantail; Drab Whistler; Seram White-eye; Rufescent White-eye; Gray-hooded White-eye; Seram Oriole; Moluccan Starling; Long-crested Myna.

Birdwatching locations:

Birding on Seram can be as easy, or as difficult as you want to make it! Getting there from Ambon is straightforward, and since the late 1990s a road has been constructed across the island from near Masohi in the south to beyond Wahai in the north. This road passes close to 1,300m in altitude and so gives you a chance at almost all of the endemics… apart from Blue-eared Lory. If you want to get higher however, the alternative is an arduous trek of 7-8 days towards the central range of Gunung Binaiya. You take your pick: easy roadside birding or killer walk!

The Masohi-Sawai-Wahai Road

Leaving Masohi by the good condition paved road takes you first through farmland, then through degraded forest, then through better condition forest as it heads towards the north coast. You can stop and look for birds anywhere along here and you will start to see the more widespread residents, such as Seram Oriole, Moluccan Starling, Long-crested Myna, Seram Friarbird, Moluccan Cuckoo-shrike, Pale-gray Cuckoo-shrike, but the forest is better if you keep heading north towards the high ground, and there is nothing that is not more abundant further on. The road passes close to the village of Saka on the north coast before doubling back on itself and starting to climb towards the pass to Sawai/Wahai. Just before the climb starts the road passes a collection of roadside restaurants, the last for many miles, and so any self-respecting driver will inevitably stop!

Beyond the restaurants, the road climbs rapidly from around 300m to 1,200m at the first pass. The forest all around here is in excellent condition and birding along the road gives great views. After the first pass it then dips to around 800m before climbing to the second pass at 1,250m. Beyond that it drops steeply down to the Sawai Junction, and on to Wahai. This high ground around and between the two passes affords some of the best birding. It is easy to reach the 2nd pass from Sawai in about 30 mins of driving and from there you can walk down in either direction. Birds regularly seen around the 2nd pass include both the endemic dark-eyes – Rufescent and Grey-hooded – although both can be tricky. Look for Rufescent skulking quietly in low roadside vegetation while Grey-hooded can be a more obvious member of mixed flocks. Other birds often seen here include Seram Honeyeater, Seram Myzomela, Wakolo Myzomela, Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk, ‘Seram’ (Long-tailed) Mountain-Pigeon, ‘Seram’ Swiftlet, Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher, Streaky-breasted Fantail, Drab Whistler and Seram White-eye. This is also the place to look for Seram (Moluccan) Thrush, although there has been no confirmed sighting. It is also worth looking for Blue-eared Lory here, but Red Lory and Rainbow Lorikeet are far more common, and this lies at the lowest end of their altitudinal range.

Dropping down in altitude in either direction brings you into range of mid-altitude specialities like Purple-naped Lory. This species has almost been trapped out locally, but a few remain. Listen for their distinctive calls, or better still take a guide from the Parrot Rehabilitation Centre near Sawai who can take you to areas where they are known to remain. Also on the road as you descend look out for the stunningly beautiful and aptly named Superb Fruit-Dove.

By the time you reach the turn-off to Sawai you are down at around 200m and well into lowland birds. The forest around here is pretty badly degraded but still seems to hold everything you could want to see. This includes Seram (Salmon-crested) Cockatoo – which can also be seen up high, but is more numerous down low – Moluccan King Parrot, the endemic cuckoo-shrikes, Lazuli Kingfisher, and at night Moluccan Scops-Owl and Boobook.

Continuing along the road, either towards and beyond Wahai, or simply the side road to Sawai takes you through more roadside lowland forest ranging from degraded to near intact, and more chances at all of the above.

Offshore Islands near Sawai

Just offshore from Sawai, and easily reached by a longboat chartered from Sawai, is Pulau Sawai. This island is dominated by coconut plantation, mangrove and a few scrubby trees and bushes. Despite not looking like it would hold many birds, is does support a few pairs of Forsten’s Scrubfowl near its eastern end. To see these get a local to show you the location of nest mounds and then start searching in the scrub around there. Given the lack of cover and the size of the island, the birds can do an excellent job of avoiding being seen, so good luck.

A little further to the east of Pulau Sawai is a minute island of only around 200m diameter, with 3-4 biggish trees surrounded by scrub. As unlikely as this sounds, the island can be teeming with birdlife, in particular loads of Olive Honeyeater. This small-island specialist appears to be present on the island is large numbers at least in August, but at other times seems to be absent. The big trees of the island hold roosting Pied Imperial Pigeon and Little Black and Little Pied Cormorant. Tracks have also been seen that almost certainly belong to Nicobar Pigeon. It is easy to combine a visit to both islands into a morning or afternoon.

Trekking in the central mountains and Gunung Binaiya

For those with time on their hands and looking for some exercise, or simply those determined to see Blue-eared Lory or have a better chance at Seram Thrush, a trek to the central mountains could be the answer. This is a bit ‘all or nothing’ as to get to the high ground is going to take a walk of several days from the north coast, or a 2,000m climb up a near vertical wall from the south coast! For anyone interested, the best way to arrange a trek into the interior would be to hook up with either the National Park staff in Wahai, or one of the Ambon-based agents that can make all arrangements (see listings below).

The walk from the north is longer and more gradual, so you should have seen all of the lowland endemics by the time you reach the high ground beyond the villages of Kanikeh and Manusuela. From Kanikeh it is then said to be a 3-4 round trip to the submit of Gunung Binaiya at over 3,000m, or from Manusuela a climb of several hours to the high ridge at 1,800m. If your target is Blue-eared Lory at any cost, then the Gunung Binaiya option is probably the best bet!

From the south coast the straight-line distance from the village of Hatumete to the ridge is a lot less, but this means the climb is very steep. Sea-level to 1,800m in one go! If you don’t get the parrot on the ridge then you’d probably need to descent again and climb from Kanikeh as above. There is an old account of the climb from Hatumete to the ridge in the trip report by David Gibbs (see listings below), but notably he doesn’t see Blue-eared Lory!

Pulau Boano and Black-chinned Monarch

Not many people make it out this way, but if you want to see Black-chinned Monarch that is endemic to the island then you will have to! The best known site for the monarch is now near the village of Huhua. This is either a 14 km walk across the island, passing through open cultivation, scrub and some habitat that should support populations of the monarch, or a 1-2 hour boat ride around the island. From Huhua it is just a 20 minute walk to the known Black-chinned Monarch site (local guides can show you the spot see below for details). Once there, just a single morning should be required for the monarch as they are common in suitable habitat.

Alternatively you could try exploring other lowland forest areas on the island, and they may prove to be present. Come to that, they may even possibly be found on adjacent areas of Seram, but it is not clear that anyone has ever looked!

Other birds of interest include the endemic race of Common Paradise Kingfisher (common), Island Monarch, Slaty Monarch, Lazuli Kingfisher (especially common between Piru and Masika), Forsten’s Scrubfowl and Northern Fantail. The locals in Masika also claim that Seram Cockatoo is still numerous in the forest behind the village.

Access and Accommodation:

Access to Seram is via the regional transport hub of Ambon. To get to Masohi on Seram make your way to the port of Tulehu on Ambon and get one of the twice-a-day public fast ferries to Masohi (1-2 hrs, depending on weather). There are several basic hotels in Masohi, or you can pick up a car and head towards the north coast immediately.

If you are trying for Hatumete, then follow the road as far as Tehoru and then either onwards to Hatumete if the road is open, or catch a longboat across the bay if it is not. If you are trying for Boano head west from Masohi, or alternatively take a ferry from Liang or Mamala on Ambon direct to Kairatu on Seram, which is closer, and pick a car up there.

Heading north on the cross-island road brings you eventually to the turn-off to Sawai (2-3 hours from Masohi), or you can continue a couple of hours more to Wahai. In Sawai there is a nice guesthouse, Penginapan Lisar Bahari, owned by Pak Ali. He can also arrange a longboat to visit the offshore islands nearby. The road from the turn-off to Sawai can be a bit of a mess, so another option you could explore is to stay at the Parrot Rehabilitation Centre nearer the turn-off. Accommodation here would be very basic, and may not be possible at all depending on what is going on at the time. From Sawai you can access the forest all the way to the high pass by car or ojek (motorbike taxi), and the 5-6km from the turn off to Sawai village is easy enough on foot. Continuing along the road as far as Wahai brings you to more accommodation options, but takes you further from the montane birding action of the passes.

To help with logistic arrangements, cars, guides, finding accommodation and dealing with the national park, the best bet is hook up with one of the Ambon-based agents that know Seram very well (such as Pak Ceisar, Vino and gang, see listings below). These guys are also pretty passionate about nature conservation and have been involved with the Parrot Rehabilitation Project for many years. Alternatively you can make your way to the National Park offices in Wahai by public transport (occasional buses from Masohi), and fix things up that way, or even just make your own way to Sawai and let Pak Ali take care of arrangements. Whatever option to go for you will probably find yourself hooked up with the same local guides anyway, as there are not so many people living in this part of Seram and they all seem to know each other! At time of writing the National Park is pretty relaxed about formalities, so none of the heavy-handed pressure for useless guides or obscure payments yet!

To get to Boano there are four daily ferries from Liang (in Ambon) to Kairatu (in Seram), the latest leaving at around 18:00. From Kairatu it is easy to get an public minibus (angkot) to Piru (1½ hours, Rp. 25,000) or to charter a car/minibus (maybe Rp. 200,000). From Piru it is then best to head to the closet town to Boano; the village of Masika (a further 45 minutes by motorbike taxi/ojek; Rp. 50,000). Masika does not have any accommodation though it is possible to stay with the boatman, Hamza (+6281945089177). Hamza is easy to contact him beforehand (though he only speaks Indonesian) and can arrange a charter to Pulau Boano (45 minutes, Rp. 400,000). He can also pick you up from Boano easily for the same cost and knows exactly where to take birders now.

You should ideally head to the main village on Boano first, to report your presence. Head for the village head’s house at the top of the village (the one with the bright yellow steps!). An option for a local guide is a guy named Pak Ade (+6287847079134). He speaks some English and can be contacted in advance to meet you in Boano Town (‘Boano Utara’). In this way he could help with the required formalities. Expect to pay Pak Ade around Rp 2-300,000 per day. Having reported to the village head, and equipped yourself with a guide, your next move is to get across the island to the village of Huhua. Options are to walk or get a boat (as mentioned above). In Huhua you can arrange accommodation at the house of Pak Ibrahim (one of the few locals in Huhua that speaks Indonesian – yes, we mean Indonesia – not English!!). Sleeping here will be pretty basic, so bring a sleeping bag liner or even a hammock.

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– Seram Manusela National Park Map

North Moluccas

Seram Manusela National Park

Seram Manusela National Park,  Map, Seram, Manusela, Park Nasional
 Manusela National Park is located on Seram island, in the Maluku archipelago of Indonesia. It is made up of coastal forest, swamp forest, lowland and montane rainforest ecosystem types. Mount Binaiya at 3,027 meters, is the highest of the park’s six mountains. Seram is remarkable for its high degree of localised bird endemism

Mount Binaiya, Maluku

Mount Binaiya into the Central Maluku district. Maluku Province. Binaiya Mountain is the highest mountain se Maluku Province. The mountain stretches on the island of Seram and enter into the scope of the National Park which has a broad Manusela 189 000 hectares. This mountain has an average rainfall 2000 mm / year, with the rainy season occurs during November to April.
In 1972 the National Park Manusela divided into two areas namely an area of 17,500 hectares Wae Nausea including lowland forests in the north. Flora of living in this area is mangrove (Mangrove) with vegetation around the swamp, forest resin (Agathis Alba), meranti (Shorea sp.) In the hills of the center is an area of 20,000 hectares Wae Nua.

Binaiya Mountain is unique because of the towering height of 0 meters to 3055 meters above sea level. At the foot of the mountain, there are many rivers that stretches an area of 6-8 meters. Mount Binaiya located in inland areas, so the facilities and accommodation for tourists almost non-existent, except for only a few custom homes are provided for residents who stay overnight mountain climbers.

From the provincial capital of Maluku, Ambon, hikers can use the transport services by bus to the Port Tulehu. Upon arrival at Tulehu, continued to cross the strait by using the speedboat service to the island of Seram, precisely stop at the Port O ‘. From O Kanikeh journey continues towards the village for about 6 hours. Kanikeh is the last village before heading to the summit of Mount Binaiya.




Seram Manusela National Parrk Introduction

North Moluccas

 Seram Manusela National Park



Manusela National Park in Maluku is made up of coastal forest, swamp forest, lowland rain forest, and montane rain forest ecosystem types, with a range of associated vegetation types including mangrove, riparian, and sub-alpine.
Among the plants that grow in this Park are tancang (Bruguiera sexangula), mangrove (Rhizophora acuminata), api-api (Avicennia sp.), lime (Dryobalanops sp.), pulai (Alstonia scholaris), ketapang (Terminalia catappa), pandan (Pandanus sp.), meranti (Shorea selanica), benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), matoa/kasai (Pometia pinnata), cajuput (Melaleuca leucadendron), and various species of orchid.
There are about 117 species of bird, 14 of them endemic, like the eclectus parrot (Eclectus roratus roratus), purple-naped lory (Lorius domicella), salmon-crested cockatoo (Cacatua moluccensis), lazuli kingfisher (Halcyon lazuli), sacred kingfisher (H. sancta), Seram friarbird (Philemon subcorniculatus), and Moluccan king parrot (Alisterus amboinensis). The population of the endemic salmon-crested cockatoo is now gravely threatened due to hunting and the destruction of its habitat.
Other animals include the Timor deer (Cervus timorensis moluccensis), common cuscus (Phalanger orientalis orientalis), water-hagedis dragon (Hydrosaurus amboinensis), wild pig (Sus celebensis), marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata), giant skink (Tiliqua gigas gigas), dugong (Dugong dugon), common green turtle (Chelonia mydas), and various species of butterfly.
Steep, fast-flowing rivers traverse the Park. Mount Binaya, at ” 3,027 m asl, is the highest of the Park’s six mountains.
Four villages-Manusela, Ilena Maraina, Selumena and Kanike-form an enclave in the Park. The local people
who live there believe that the mountains within the Park area give them their spirit and protect them from harm. This belief implies that the local people take care to protect and conserve the balance of nature that surrounds them.
Interesting locations/attractions:
Tepi Merkele, Tepi Kabipoto, Wae Kawa: exploring the forest, climbing and observing animals and plants.
Pasahari: observing deer and birds.
Wai Isal: camping, exploring the forest, observing animals and plants.
Pilana: observing butterflies and exploring the forest.
Mt. Binaya: climbing, waterfalls, and exploring the forest.
Cultural attractions outside the Park: the Masohi Festival in November, kora-kora (rowing) races in April, and the Darwin Ambon International Yacht race in July, in Ambon.
Best time of year to visit: May to October.
How to reach the Park: The Park can be reached either by the north coast (Sawai and Wahai), or the south coast (Tehoru and Moso). The route from Moso is preferred by those like climbing, since it has a slope of about 30%. From Ambon to Saka by bus and ferry (daily), about 8 hours, then proceed to Wahai by speedboat, about 2 hours. Alternatively, from Ambon to Wahai by ship, about 24 hours (3 times a week). There is a flight from Ambon to Wahai once a week. Or, from Ambon to Tehoru by motor boat (about 9 hours), then to Moso and Saunulu village.

a total area of 189,000 hectares
Seram can be reached from Ambon by boat from Tulehu harbour to Amahai/Masohi. From Masohi there are several possibilities to access the park:
Northern approach: take a bus from Masohi to Saka and from there continue by boat to Alakamat or Wahai.
Southern approach: take a bus from Amahai to Tehoru and from there continue by boat to Mosso.
Permits are available at the KSDA office on Ambon. Guides can be found in Ambon, Wahai, Masohi, Mosso and in villages on the way.
There are no losmen or hotels in the park. You can sleep and eat in the villages but accommodation and food are simple.
Several losmen and penginapan
Losmen Sinar Indah
Losmen Susi
KSDA, Jl.Kebun Cengkeh, Batu Merah Atas, Ambon
KSDA Maluku, Jl.Pandan Kasturi, Tantui, Ambon
Birdlife International, Jl.Ppandan Kasturi SK 43/3, Tantui, Ambon
Manusela National Park Centre, Sasa Ratu (near Wahai)
PHPA, Mosso
PHPA, Masohi
PHPA, Air Besar

The easiest way to explore Manusela National Park goes from the north to the south. As the south has more tourist development most visitors take the southern approach although accessing the park from this site makes the ascent of the Pegunungan Merkele mountain range much harder.
Alakamat or Wahai – Wasa – Roho – Wasa Mata – Kanikeh – Selumena – Manusela – Sinahari – Hatumetan – Mosso or vice versa 7-8 days
Kanikeh – Gunung Binaiya 2-3 days
Selumena – Solealama – Wasai 3 days

Manusela national Park explore

Day 01 : JAKARTA
Arrive in Jakarta, our guide will pick you up and take you to the hotel.

After breakfast transfer to the airport for flight to Pattimura airport in Ambon island. Upon arrival, immediately depart to the sea port for Masohi city by boat in Seram, the largest island in the Maluku island. Over night at Manusela National Park guest house. (B,L,D)

After breakfast drive for 3 hours to Tehoru and sail by boat to Manusela National Park area. (B,L,D)

Explore in Manusela National Park. (B,L,D)

Early morning we sail to Tehoru by boat and drive back to Masohi. After lunch proceed to the sea port for another sailing trip to Ambon city. (B,L,D)

Day 12: AMBON
After lunch, visit Waiselaka Pond in WAAI, its clear cristal water inhabited by holy eel, and afterwards we see the crazy bamboo performance. Overnight at a hotel. (B,L,D)

Day 13: AMBON
On the way to Latulahat, a stop will be made at the Provincial museum, then visit Waemahu to see the clove art factory, proceed to Namalatu beach for shell collecting or refreshing swim. In the afternoon, we go to WAAI and if you are lucky you will have a glimpse of the sacred eels before we continue to Hunimua beach. (B,L,D)

Free morning to shop for souvenirs until transfer to the airport. (B)

Agathis alba
Avicennia spp.
Barringtonia racemosa
Bruguiera spp.
Bulbophyllum spp.
Castanopsis spp.
Casuarina equisetifolia
Coloegyne spp.
Dacrydium spp.
Dendrobium spp.
Dipterocarp spp.
Eucalyptus spp
Eugenia spp.
Ficus nodosa
Ficus spp.
Imperata spp
Ipomoea spp
Lithocarpus spp.
Litsea spp.
Melaleuca leucodendron
Nauclea spp.
Nypa spp.
Octomeles sumatrana
Pandanus spp.
Phaius spp.
Phalaenopsis amboinensis
Pometia pinnata
Rhizophora spp.
Shorea selanica
Shorea spp.
Sonneratia spp.
Spinifex spp.
Terminalia spp.

Seram bandicoot – Rhynchomeles prattorum
Northern common cuscus – Phalanger orientalis
Spotted cuscus – Spilocuscus maculatus
Common long-tongued fruit bat – Macroglossus minimus
Common blossom bat – Syconycteris australis
Pallas’s tube-nosed bat – Nyctimene cephalotes
Maluku bare-backed fruit bat – Dobsonia moluccense
Greenish bare-backed fruit bat – Dobsonia viridis
Temminck’s flying fox – Pteropus temmincki
Common rousette – Rousettus amplexicaudatus
Northern mastiff bat – Chaerephon jobensis
Beccari’s mastiff bat – Mormopterus beccarii
Broad-eared horseshoe bat – Rhinolophus euryotis
Lesser long-fingered bat – Miniopterus australis
Domestic cat – Felis catus
Malay civet – Viverra tangalunga
Rusa deer – Rusa timorensis
Wild boar – Sus scrofa
Seram naked-tail rat – Melomys aerosus
Manusela melomys – Melomys fraterculus
Spiny Seram rat – Rattus feliceus
Seram rat – Stenomys ceramicus

Southern Cassowary – Casuarius casuarius
Orange-footed Scrubfowl – Megapodius reinwardt
Forsten’s Scrubfowl – Megapodius forstenii
Moluccan Scrubfowl – Eulipoa wallacei
Blue-breasted Quail – Coturnix chinensis
Spotted Whistling-Duck – Dendrocygna guttata
Radjah Shellduck – Tadorna radjah
Blyth’s Hornbill – Aceros plicatus
Dollarbird – Eurystomus orientalis
Common Kingfisher – Alcedo atthis
Variable Kingfisher – Ceyx lepidus
Lazuli Kingfisher – Todirhamphus lazuli
Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
Common Paradise-Kingfisher – Tanysiptera galatea
Rainbow Bee-eater – Merops ornatus
Oriental Cuckoo – Cuculus saturatus
Rusty-breasted Cuckoo – Cacomantis sepulcralis
Brush Cuckoo – Cacomantis variolosus
Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
Australian Koel – Eudynamys cyanocephala
Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
Salmon-crested Cockatoo – Cacatua moluccensis
Red Lory – Eos bornea
Blue-eared Lory – Eos semilarvata
Rainbow Lorikeet – Trichoglossus haematodus
Purple-naped Lory – Lorius domicella
Red-flanked Lorikeet – Charmosyna placentis
Red-breasted Pygmy-Parrot – Micropsitta bruijnii
Red-cheeked Parrot – Geoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed Parrot – Tanygnathus megalorynchos
Eclectus Parrot – Eclectus roratus
Moluccan King-Parrot – Alisterus amboinensis
Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
Moluccan Swiftlet – Collocalia infuscata
Uniform Swiftlet – Collocalia vanikorensis
Moustached Treeswift – Hemiprocne mystacea
Moluccan Scops-Owl – Otus magicus
Moluccan Hawk-Owl – Ninox squamipila
Large-tailed Nightjar – Caprimulgus macrurus
Metallic Pigeon – Columba vitiensis
Spotted Dove – Streptopelia chinensis
Slender-billed Cuckoo-Dove – Macropygia amboinensis
Great Cuckoo-Dove – Reinwardtoena reinwardtii
Emerald Dove – Chalcophaps indica
Nicobar Pigeon – Caloenas nicobarica
Superb Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus superbus
White-bibbed Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus rivoli
White-eyed Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula perspicillata
Elegant Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula concinna
Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
Long-tailed Mountain-Pigeon – Gymnophaps mada
White-breasted Waterhen – Amaurornis phoenicurus
White-browed Crake – Porzana cinerea
Purple Swamphen – Porphyrio porphyrio
Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica
Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus
Far Eastern Curlew – Numenius madagascariensis
Common Redshank – Tringa totanus
Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia
Wood Sandpiper – Tringa glareola
Terek Sandpiper – Tringa cinerea
Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
Grey-tailed Tattler – Tringa brevipes
Ruddy Turnstone – Arenaria interpres
Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
Grey Plover – Pluvialis squatarola
Mongolian Plover – Charadrius mongolus
Greater Sand Plover – Charadrius leschenaultii
Great Crested-Tern – Sterna bergii
Black-naped Tern – Sterna sumatrana
Common Tern – Sterna hirundo
Whiskered Tern – Chlidonias hybridus
White-winged Tern – Chlidonias leucopterus

Osprey – Pandion haliaetus
Pacific Baza – Aviceda subcristata
Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
Variable Goshawk – Accipiter hiogaster
Rufous-necked Sparrowhawk – Accipiter erythrauchen
Meyer’s Goshawk – Accipiter meyerianus
Black Eagle – Ictinaetus malayensis
Gurney’s Eagle – Aquila gurneyi
Spotted Kestrel – Falco moluccensis
Oriental Hobby – Falco severus
Little Pied Cormorant – Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
Black Bittern – Dupetor flavicollis
Rufous Night-Heron – Nycticorax caledonicus
Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
Australian Ibis – Threskiornis molucca
Red-bellied Pitta – Pitta erythrogaster
Drab Myzomela – Myzomela blasii
Wakolo Myzomela – Myzomela wakoloensis
Seram Honeyeater – Lichmera monticola
Grey-necked Friarbird – Philemon subcorniculatus
Golden Whistler – Pachycephala pectoralis
Drab Whistler – Pachycephala griseonota
Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
Grey-collared Oriole – Oriolus forsteni
Moluccan Cuckooshrike – Coracina atriceps
Black-faced Cuckooshrike – Coracina novaehollandiae
Slender-billed Cicadabird – Coracina tenuirostris
Pale Cicadabird – Coracina ceramensis
Willie-wagtail – Rhipidura leucophrys
Northern Fantail – Rhipidura rufiventris
Streaky-breasted Fantail – Rhipidura dedemi
Spangled Drongo – Dicrurus bracteatus
Spectacled Monarch – Monarcha trivirgatus
Dark-grey Flycatcher – Myiagra galeata
Moluccan Thrush – Zoothera dumasi
Island Thrush – Turdus poliocephalus
Snowy-browed Flycatcher – Ficedula hyperythra
Cinnamon-chested Flycatcher – Ficedula buruensis
Little Pied Flycatcher – Ficedula westermanni
Island Flycatcher – Eumyias panayensis
Moluccan Starling – Aplonis mysolensis
Metallic Starling – Aplonis metallica
Long-crested Myna – Basilornis corythaix
Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
Golden Bulbul – Alophoixus affinis
Golden-headed Cisticola – Cisticola exilis
Mountain White-eye – Zosterops montanus
Black-crowned White-eye – Zosterops atrifrons
Bicolored White-eye – Tephrozosterops stalkeri
Grey-hooded White-eye – Lophozosterops pinaiae
Chestnut-backed Bush-Warbler – Bradypterus castaneus
Gray’s Grasshopper-Warbler – Locustella fasciolata
Mountain Tailorbird – Orthotomus cuculatus
Island Leaf-Warbler – Phylloscopus poliocephalus
Ashy Flowerpecker – Dicaeum vulneratum
Black Sunbird – Nectarinia aspasia
Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis
Blue-faced Parrotfinch – Erythrura trichroa
Black-faced Munia – Lonchura molucca
Possible occurring species, and species you could see on your way to the park:

Beach Kingfisher – Todirhamphus saurophaga
Channel-billed Cuckoo – Scythrops novaehollandiae
Rock Pigeon – Columba livia
Claret-breasted Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus viridis
Black-naped Fruit-Dove – Ptilinopus melanospila
Buff-banded Rail – Gallirallus philippensis
Rufous-tailed Waterhen – Amaurornis moluccanus
Dusky Moorhen – Gallinula tenebrosa
Little Curlew – Numenius minutus
Marsh Sandpiper – Tringa stagnatilis
Great Knot – Calidris tenuirostris
Sanderling – Calidris alba
Rufous-necked Stint – Calidris ruficollis
Long-toed Stint – Calidris subminuta
Curlew Sandpiper – Calidris ferruginea
Red-necked Phalarope – Phalaropus lobatus
Comb-crested Jacana – Irediparra gallinacea
Beach Thick-knee – Esacus neglectus
Gull-billed Tern – Sterna nilotica
Little Tern – Sterna albifrons
Bridled Tern – Sterna anaethetus
Sooty Tern – Sterna fuscata
Little Grebe – Tachybaptus ruficollis
Red-footed Booby – Sula sula
Brown Booby – Sula leucogaster
Little Black Cormorant – Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
Intermediate Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia
Australian Pelican – Pelecanus conspicillatus
Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
Streaked Shearwater – Calonectris leucomelas
Wilson’s Storm-Petrel – Oceanites oceanicus
Matsudaira’s Storm-Petrel – Oceanodroma matsudairae
Elegant Pitta – Pitta elegans
Rufous Fantail – Rhipidura rufifrons
Island Monarch – Monarcha cinerascens
Olive Honeyeater – Lichmera argentauris
Ambon Yellow White-eye – Zosterops kuehni
Arctic Warbler – Phylloscopus borealis
Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava
Reptiles CITES in blue, Red List species in red, on both lists: purple
Asian Box Turtle – Cuora amboinensis
Loggerhead – Caretta caretta
Green Turtle – Chelonia mydas
Hawksbill Turtle – Eretmochelys imbricata
Leatherback Turtle – Dermochelys coriacea
Crested Lizard – Bronchocela cristatella
Lineated Flying Lizard – Draco lineatus
Fin-tailed Lizard – Hydrosaurus amboinensis
[ ] – Dibamus seramensis
[ ] – Cyrtodactylus marmoratus
Four-clawed Gecko – Gehyra mutilata
White-striped Gecko – Gekko vittatus
House Gecko – Hemidactylus frenatus
Pacific Slender-Toad Gecko – Nactus pelagicus
Brown Four-fingered Skink – Carlia fusca
[ ] – Cryptoblepharus boutonii
Blue-tailed Skink – Emoia caeruleocauda
[ ] – Emoia kuekenthali
[ ] – Eugongylus rufescens
Emerald Tree Skink – Lamprolepis smaragdina
New Guinea Four-fingered Skink – Lygisaurus novaeguineae
Common Sun Skink – Mabuya multifasciata
[ ] – Mabuya rudis
[ ] – Sphenomorphus undulatus
Giant Skink – Tiliqua gigas
Mangrove Monitor – Varanus indicus
Papuan Tree Boa – Candoia carinata
Brown Cat Snake – Boiga irregularis
[ ] – Brachyorrhus albus
[ ] – Calamaria ceramensis
Dog-faced Water Snake – Cerberus rynchops
[ ] – Chrysopelea rhodopleuron
Northern Tree Snake – Dendrelaphis calligastra
[ ] – Stegonotus modestus
[ ] – Tropidonophis elongatus
Common Death Adder – Acanthophis antarticus
Yellow-lipped Sea Snake – Laticauda colubrina
Amethystine Python – Morelia amethistina
Reticulated Python – Python reticulatus
Common Blind Snake – Ramphotyphlops braminus
[ ] – Ramphotyphlops olivaceus
[ ] – Typhlops kraali
Estuarine Crocodile – Crocodylus porosus

Giant Birdwing Butterfly – Ornithoptera goliath procus
Delias – Delias manuselensis
Blue Mountain Butterfly – Papilio ulysses