Banda, Gunung Banda Api

Gunung Banda Api

Banda-api_ton

The small island of Banda Api (Indonesian api, fire) is an active volcano in the Banda Sea, at the center of the Banda Islands group. It has been known to Europeans since the Age of Exploration, when the Portuguese Empire and the Kingdom of the Netherlands competed in the area for spice trade. A 7 km wide and mostly submerged caldera is located at the northwest corner of the volcano.[1]

Seram, gunung binaiya

Seram, Gunung Binaiya

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This rarely-climbed Ribu is the highest peak on the island of Seram and is part of the Manusuela National Park. Fly from Jakarta to Ambon and take a boat to Seram. The trail starts at only a few metres above sea level so it is quite an undertaking. You will need guides and at least a week camping in the mountains. There is a route from the north and a route from the south, but both are via the villages of Maraina and Kanikeh:

Route from the north: Soulunu – Mangga Dua – Yahe – Piliana – Camp 1 (1,280m) – Air Merah – Camp 2 – Puncaqk Ina Putih (2,280m) – Maraina – Selumena – Kanikeh – Way Huhu – Way Puku – Biniaya Summit (3,027m)

Route from the south: Moso – Liang Amarawele – Way Kapakasitamu – Puncak Nasalala- Manusela – Maraina – Selumena – Kanikeh – Way Huhu – Way Puku – Biniaya Summit (3,027m)

There is a second lesser peak (3,019m) further on from Way Puku.

http://www.gunungbagging.com/binaiya/

Halmahera, Bibinoi volcano

Halmahera, Bibinoi volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-073

Bibinoi

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-073
Volcano Type: Stratovolcanoes
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown
Summit Elevation: 900 m 2,953 feet
Latitude: 0.77°S 0°46’0″S
Longitude: 127.72°E 127°43’0″E
Bukit Bibinoi (Bibinoi Hill) is the largest and SE-most of a group of three andesitic Holocene stratovolcanoes located along a NW-SE line near the SE tip of Bacan Island, west of the southern tip of Halmahera (Yasin, 1980). The smaller Songsu and Lansa volcanoes straddle a narrow isthmus separating the SE-most peninsula of Bacan Island from the Sibela Mountains metamorphic complex. The Bibinoi volcano group lies along the same trend as the Amasing volcano group, which is located to the NW on the other side of the Sibela Mountains.

Halmahera, Amasing volcano

Halmahera, Amasing volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-072

Amasing

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-072
Volcano Type: Stratovolcanoes
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown
Summit Elevation: 1030 m 3,379 feet
Latitude: 0.53°S 0°32’0″S
Longitude: 127.48°E 127°29’0″E
Bukit Amasing (Amasing Hill) is the largest and NW-most of a group of three small andesitic volcanoes of Holocene age (Yasin, 1980). They are located along a NW-SE line on central Bacan Island, west of the southern tip of Halmahera. Two smaller volcanoes, Cakasuanggi and Dua Saudara, were constructed to the SE, north of the metamorphic complex of the Sibela Mountains. These mountains separate the Amasing volcano group from another group of three andesitic Holocene volcanoes in SE-most Bacan Island.

Halmahera, Tigalalu volcano

Halmahera, Tigalalu volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-071

Tigalalu

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-071
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown
Summit Elevation: 422 m 1,384 feet
Latitude: 0.07°N 0°4’0″N
Longitude: 127.42°E 127°25’0″E
Gunung Tigalalu (Mount Tigalalu) is located at the northern end of Kayoa Island, which straddles the equator and is the southernmost of a chain of small volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera Island. Tigalalu forms a 422-m-high N-S-trending volcanic ridge at the north end of the island, part of which is flanked by coral limestones. Although much less known than its historically active neighbor to the north, Makian volcano, Tigalalu was mapped as Holocene in age by Apandi and Sudana (1980).

Halmahera, Makian volcano

Halmahera, Makian volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-07=

Makian

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-07=
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Historical
Last Known Eruption: 1988 
Summit Elevation: 1357 m 4,452 feet
Latitude: 0.32°N 0°19’0″N
Longitude: 127.40°E 127°24’0″E
Makian volcano forms a 10-km-wide island near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the west coast of Halmahera and has been the source of infrequent, but violent eruptions that have devastated villages on the island. The large 1.5-km-wide summit crater, containing a small lake on the NE side, gives the 1357-m-high peak a flat-topped profile. Two prominent valleys extend to the coast from the summit crater on the north and east sides. Four parasitic cones are found on the western flanks. Eruption have been recorded since about 1550; major eruptions in 1646, 1760-61, 1861-62, 1890, and 1988 caused extensive damage and many fatalities.

Halmahera, Moti volcano

Halmahera, Moti volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-063

Moti

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-063
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown
Summit Elevation: 950 m 3,117 feet
Latitude: 0.45°N 0°27’0″N
Longitude: 127.40°E 127°24’0″E
The 5-km-wide island of Moti, also known as Motir, is part of a roughly N-S-trending chain of islands off the western coast of Halmahera Island. Moti is located north of Makian volcano and south of Mare and Tidore islands and is surrounded by coral reefs. The truncated, conical island rises to 950 m and contains a crater on its SSW side. Moti was mapped as Holocene in age by Apandi and Sudana (1980). An insignificant eruption was reported in 1774 or shorter before, but Gogarten (1918) indicated that this event was confused with the October 1773 eruption of nearby Gamalama volcano, which could have dropped ash on Moti.

Halmahera, Mare volcano

Halmahera, Mare volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-062

Mare

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-062
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown
Summit Elevation: 308 m 1,010 feet
Latitude: 0.57°N 0°34’0″N
Longitude: 127.40°E 127°24’0″E
The small volcanic island of Mare, immediately south of Tidore, was mapped as Holocene in age by Apandi and Sudana (1980). The 2 x 3 km island, part of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera Island, is elongated in a NE-SW direction. A large breached crater at the andesitic Mare volcano is located off the SW tip of the 308-m-high island.

Halmahera, Gamalama volcano

Halmahera, Gamalama volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-06=

Gamalama

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-06=
Volcano Type: Stratovolcanoes
Volcano Status: Historical
Last Known Eruption: 2003 
Summit Elevation: 1715 m 5,627 feet
Latitude: 0.80°N 0°48’0″N
Longitude: 127.33°E 127°20’0″E
Gamalama (Peak of Ternate) is a near-conical stratovolcano that comprises the entire island of Ternate off the western coast of Halmahera and is one of Indonesia’s most active volcanoes. The island of Ternate was a major regional center in the Portuguese and Dutch spice trade for several centuries, which contributed to the thorough documentation of Gamalama’s historical activity. Three cones, progressively younger to the north, form the summit of Gamalama, which reaches 1715 m. Several maars and vents define a rift zone, parallel to the Halmahera island arc, that cuts the volcano. Eruptions, recorded frequently since the 16th century, typically originated from the summit craters, although flank eruptions have occurred in 1763, 1770, 1775, and 1962-63.

Halmahera, Hiri volcano

Halmahera, Hiri volcano

http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=0608-052

Hiri

Country: Indonesia
Subregion Name: Halmahera (Indonesia)
Volcano Number: 0608-052
Volcano Type: Stratovolcano
Volcano Status: Holocene
Last Known Eruption: Unknown
Summit Elevation: 630 m 2,067 feet
Latitude: 0.90°N 0°54’0″N
Longitude: 127.32°E 127°19’0″E
Hiri, a small 3-km-wide forested island immediately north of Ternate Island, is the northernmost of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera. The conical volcano rises to 630 m, but is dominated by its larger and higher neighbor to the south, historically active 1716-m-high Ternate volcano. Hiri has received less attention than Ternate, but Apandi and Sudana (1980) mapped Hiri as Holocene in age.