Moluccas Wetar Island

Moluccas Wetar Island

The first copper plating cathode has been produced at Finder Resources Wetar Copper Project. Copper plating began on early February by electrowinning circuit at Wetar Copper demonstration plant.

Minor electrical failure in electrowinning circuit has been remedied and the plant resumed plating production a week later. The plating was expected produce 5 tonnes per day of copper cathode by the end February. All other operations including mine, crushing, stacking, irrigation and solvent extraction are operating in line with design specification.

Wetar Copper Project was acquired by Finder Resourcec (85% shares) in corporation with PT.Batutua Kharisma Permai (BKP). The Wetar deposit was discovered by CSR Ltd and then sold to Billiton Indonesia (BMI) in 1988, then BMI carried out extensive drilling to define two gold-silver mineralization in two deposit, Kali Kuning and Lerokis. BMI also discovered copper mineralization underlying in both deposit and smaller satellite deposit at Meron, 2km from Kali Kuning.

Based on previous drilling data, Kali Kuning and Lerokis have independently estimated Measured, Indicated and Inferred Mineral Resources of 9.8 million tonnes, grading 2.5% Cu and 0.7 g/t Au, using a 0.5% Cu cut-off grade. Gold-silver-barite ores were mined by BMI from shallow open pits at Lerokis and Kali Kuning over the period 1990-1997.

North central Wetar coast, southwest Maluku, Ilputih village; south central Wetar coast, Lurang village. Alternate names: Ilputih, Opotai, Tutunohan. Dialects: Ilputih, Lurang, Welemur. Lexical similarity: 93% among dialects, 79% with Perai [wet], 74% with Tugun [tzn], 69% with Ili’uun [ilu], 57% with Talur [ilw].
Ili’uun 1.400
Southwest Maluku, Wetar Island coast, Telemar, Karbubu, Klishatu, Ilmaumau, Erai (Eray), Nabar, Esulit villages on the west end of Wetar, and Istutun village on Lirang Island, southwest tip of Wetar. Alternate names: Erai, Hahutan, Hahutau, Iliun, Ilmaumau, Limera. Dialects: Telemar, Karbubu, Ustutun, Klishatu, Ilmaumau, Eray, Nabar, Esulit. All also use the Ili’uun dialect. Lexical similarity: 93%–97% among dialects. Lexical similarity 73% with Tugun [tzn], 69% with Aputai [apx], 67% with Perai [wet], 51% with Talur [ilw]
Perai 280 Animism
Wetar Island northeast coast, north of Timor, Uhak and Moning villages. Alternate names: Tutunohan. Dialects: Moning, Uhak. Lexical similarity: 93% among dialects, 79% with Aputai [apx], 76% with Tugun [tzn], 67% with Ili’uun [ilu], 51% with Talur [ilw].
Talur 680
south central Wetar Island north of East Timor, Hiay, Ilputih, Ilwaki villages. Alternate names: Galoleng, Iliwaki, Ilmedu, Ilwaki, Lir Talo. Dialects: Ilputih, Ilwaki (Iliwaki), Hiay. Lexical similarity: 94%-98% between dialects, 86% with Galoli [gal] in East Timor, 57% with Aputai [apx], 52% with Tugun [tzn], 51% with Perai [wet] and Ili’uun [ilu].
Tugun 1.200 Animism
1% monolinguals. Southwest Maluku, north of Timor, southeast end of Wetar Island, Mahuan, Masapun, Tomliapat, Ilpokil, Kahailin, Ilway, Arwala villages. Alternate names: Mahuan, Tutunohan. Dialects: Mahuan, Masapua, Tomliapat, Ilpokil, Kahailin Ilway, Arwala. Lexical similarity: 92%–97% among dialects, 76% with Perai [wet], 74% with Aputai [apx], 73% with Ili’uun [ilu], 52% with Talur [ilw].

Moluccas Romang Islands

Moluccas Romang Islands

romang islands, romang, njata, mitan,

Roma 1.700 Christian
Roma Island north of Timor Island, Jerusu village. Alternate names: Romang.

Moluccas Leti Islands

Moluccas Leti Islands

leti islands, leti, moa, semata, lakor, ukenao,

leti islands, leti, moa, semata, lakor, ukenao,

leti islands, leti, moa, semata, lakor, ukenao,

leti islands, leti, moa, semata, lakor, ukenao,

leti islands, leti, moa, semata, lakor, ukenao,

Sermata, Wetan, northwest Babar Islands

Leti 7.500 Christian

Leti Island. Dialects: Marginal intelligibility and difficulty with written Luang [lex]. Lexical similarity: 89% with Luang
Luang, Letri, Lgona 18.000 Christian
Monolinguals. South Maluku, east of Timor, Moa, Lakor, Luang, Sermata, Wetan, northwest Babar Islands. Alternate names: Letri Lgona, Lgona, Literi Lagona. Dialects: Luang, Wetan (Wetang), Moa, Lakor. Low comprehension of Leti [lti]. Lexical similarity: 89% with Leti.

Moluccas Islands Map

Moluccas Islands Map

Click to Enlarge !

Moluccas Map, moluccas, map, maluku, molukken,


Car license number DE, North Moluccas DG

Moluccas Info

Kota Ambon
Ambon city is also the capital of this vast archipelago province of Maluku. With its long history since the hey-day of the famed Spice Trade, it has developed itself to what it now is: a bustling hub and center of trade, education, culture and development.
The city of Ambon was found around late 1500s and early 1600s after the Nossa Seinhora da Annunciada fort was erected by the Portuguese conquista dores. The Dutch took it over in 1602 and changed this fort to Kasteel Victoria and later rebuilt, enlarged and renamed as Kasteel Nieuw Victoria until nowadays. The people of the whole Maluku archipelago still call it Victoria. Feeling save to live and work in and around the fort, local people began to settle near the fort and so the city began to grow until the present day Kota Ambon, known as “Ambon Manise” meaning “Beautiful Ambon” referring not only to the beauty of the city itself but also to the beauty of the Islands that represents the beauty of the whole Maluku archipelago.
The city now covers the area along the bays of the island the Ambon Bay, (Outer-and Inner Bay), and the Baguala Bay, making up a territory of about 277 sq.kms. The nowadays population is exceeding the 282 thousand souls consisting of people and races from all over the Maluku archipelago and even from other parts of Indonesia.
Victoria Fort
This is an old fort contributing to the founding of the City of Ambon, the Portuguese erected it in 1575, the Dutch took it over in 1602. The huge walls facing the Ambon bay are still preserved until today, while other parts are ruined. The old buildings inside are rebuilt into army officers’ and soldiers’. It is an easy walk to get to the site when you are in downtown.
Siwalima Museum
The founding of the museum is on November 8, 1973. The recent building is located in Taman Makmur hill. Maluku’s heritage is preserved and portrayed in this museum. There are collections of ethnographic, historic and cultural and other scientific interests. Basically, this museum has two kinds of objectives that is from the historical-cultural point of view and the aquatic point of view. Cultural performances and traditional events are presented as artistic attractions. Various kinds of souvenirs are also provided in a small cottage so that the visitors can buy the things of their interests. Most of the collections come from South-East Maluku, besides other ancient ones. The museum is located only 3 kms from the bus terminal, and to get there, you can board the Amahusu minibus with a stop at Taman Makmur or Batu Capeo.
Amsterdam Fortress
Amsterdam fortress was built by the Dutch in their early years of the Spice Trade at the beginning of the 17th Century, near the Hila old Church. It was the second Dutch fort on the island of Ambon, afler Kasteel Van Nerre was built ane destroyed in nearby Seith. Fort Amsterdam was built after the Vereenigde Oost Indische Compagnie, known as the famous VOC, was eswd by the Heeren Zevenben in Holland. The famous blind writer of Ambon Georgius Everhardus Rumphius had led a life of a prince in this fort and wrote some books on the biological vegetation and life of Ambon.
leuren, then Governor of Comptoire Amboina (1775 – 1785), the church was renovated. After a strong earthquake in the late 1880s, the villagers rebuilt and changed the entrance to what it now is. The church is still in use for the services. To get there, one can catch the same minibus leaving to the old mosque Wapauwe mentioned above. Every end of the year, that is on every January 31, there is a folk party held in Hila-Kristen Village which lasts until February 1, in the morning.
Wapauwe Mosque
The Mosque is an ancient bulding which has Malayan character traits. According to the village story, this mosque was formerly built on the hills and later in 1414 by an unknown supernatural power it moved down to its present location in Kaitetu. Today it is still being used for the daily services. One can get to Kaitetu by using the same Hila-Kaitetu minibus leaving from downtown Mardika terminal. Hila and Keitetu are the two villages which lies side by side on the north part of Cape Leihitu, Ambon Island.
Dusun Wisata
A garden covering a wide area grown with “Kelapa Raja” (short species of coconut tree) and many species of local orchids and local fruits.
Marine Museum
Marine museum that includes men eating crocodile exhibit, a complete whale skeleton, and other marine specimens.
Old Hila Church
This was formerly a wooden church built by the Dutch in the 17th Century, built in the vicinity of Amsterdam fortress, but during the rule of Bernardus van Pleuren, then Governor of Comptoire Amboina (1775 – 1785), the church was renovated. After a strong earthquake in the late 1880s, the villagers rebuilt and changed the entrance to what it now is. The church is still in use for the services. To get there, one can catch the same minibus leaving to the old mosque Wapauwe mentioned above. Every end of the year, that is on every January 31, there is a folk party held in Hila-Kristen Village which lasts until February 1, in the morning.
Culture and tradition

It was since years ago Maluku was familiar with the art of carving. This can be proven with numbers of wood carved or stone carved for the ancestor’s worshiping. Generally, the carving patterns are in the form of human and the placement can be difference according to the purposes. The carving can be placed at the boat prow, at the house front ladder at the village gate or at other special spot.
Earthenware Vessel Art
The work of this art is usually done traditionally in southeast Maluku, the place where can be found lots of clay, a main material for this art. The best season to burn earthenware vessel is during hot season, which is normally in August until October. Forming the earthenware is using arm or other equipment such as wood for example. If necessary can be colored or carved at the surface, and that also done in a very simple method, which is during the clay still smooth, before burned. The decoration pattern is varying. The earthenware from southeast Maluku for instant, it tends to use straight lines/stripes. While from Aru it is colored with the shape of geometry and shaped by straight lines after the burn.
Weave Art
The southeast Maluku is rich for weave artwork; in fact, it has cultural relationship with its neighbor, eastern southeast Nusa. Yet, not in every island in southeast Maluku this art has its place. To the contrary, in the region where weave art is booming, the carving art is less booming. The weave art in Maluku is using a lot of red color, blue, brown or black with thin stripes pattern with or without pattern, for the exchange to be using wide stripes. From the means of work and pattern color, it is obvious that the Maluku weave art has a closed relationship with the wave art from eastern southeast Nusa.
Plait Art
Several type of household in southeast Maluku made through plait. Basket, boxes and bags are the items commonly made. They are used for storing and carrying stuff. The fish catcher is also plaited. The plaited material is not always related to the households; however, it can also be used for religion ceremony. The basic material for plaiting is usually bamboo, rattan or leave from palm tree. Plait artwork consists of various techniques, from a very simple one until a complex one. Women generally are using palm tree, whilst men are using bamboo or rattan. The pattern, which usually applied, is a dancing person, stars, spiral/spring, fish, moons, and even family badge.
Family Hair loom
The beauty of Maluku is also shone from the sparkle of gold jewelry. Tanimbar, Babar and surrounding Kisar have a tradition in gold craft. The gold itself is not mined there. The gold crafter obtains it from the trader who comes from Madagascar, Bugis, and from the Dutch and British at that time. The gold jewelry usually made in the form of bracelet, earring, crown, head accessories, necklace, clothing accessories as well as plate. The crafter roughs them with various patterns. The pattern can be in the form of stars, animals, human, or art. It indeed represents symbolic purposes. The pattern can also be designed a dead creature. The gold jewelry represents a distinctive status in the society as what they meant to be. Presently, that gold jewelry remains stored by the inheritance. They are stored and covered in the particular basket. On during certain occasion such religion ceremony. They are disclosed on ritual ceremony. In addition, they can be performed to the interested party with certain sum of money compensation. They are allowed to take picture. However, the person who allowed to wear it only those who inherited those jewelry.
Maluku is rich with cultural tradition. Fortunately, that tradition is remained preserved up to present and still can be enjoyed.
Crazy bamboo for example, several people holding bamboo accompanied with local music, swinging, that seems to live and moves itself. The musical instruments are also distinctive from Maluku, such as blowing a shell, tifa and totobuang. There is also a tradition that takes place after 7 days of Iedul Fitri in Mamala and Morela. The youngster from the village, holding palm leaves rib, hitting to each other. While the scar caused to that, is healed by rubbing particular oil that prepared. Kora-kora race up to present is remained a tradition that never leave behind. It is commenced on April in several villages; it takes more or less 8 km. The kora-kora race is also meant to commemorate the anniversary of Ambon. There are lots more of tradition, until the customs in the month September in Haruku islands. Wherein the people seek and gather Maleo bird’s egg that meant to conserve those species. In traditional dancing, Maluku has several traditional dances, one of them known as Sawat dance. And the dance that popular and known through out the nation and even the first president of Indonesia, Bung Karno, loved it a lot. That is called Lenso dance.
Flora and fauna
G.E Rumphius
Born in 1627, in Wolfersheim, Germany, G. E. Rumphius was fascinated by botany at an early age. His military duty for the VOC (Dutch East India Company) brought him to Batavia (Jakarta) at the age of 25. One year later he arrived in Ambon, where he would settle for life. He conducted research in Hila village, lived next to fort Amsterdam, and composed, among other works, Ambonische Kruidboek, “The Flora of Amboina”.
Rumphius was keen to discover new plant species and conducted extensive systematical research on their uses. Beside fauna and flora, Rumphius also wrote about the history of Maluku. In 1670, he was struck blind by glaucoma, but even this would not halt his seminal work in documenting Maluku biology.
Rumphius passed away on June 15, 1702. He is buried at his house yard.
A monument was erected on the corner of jalan Pattimura, Ambon island, to commemorate his great work.
Cloves (Eugenia aromatica), now common throughout the world’s supermarkets, were once found only on select Maluku isles. The warm, sweet scent of these dried flower buds, and their power to preserve and revive stored meat in the days before refrigeration, inspired thousands of Chinese, Arabian and European sailors to undertake perilous voyages. Many of these voyages, including Magellan’s first global circumnavigation, spawned additional important discoveries.
Cloves are important not only as food flavorings. To the present day, clove oil is distilled and used as medicine for toothaches and stomach ailments. Cloves are also blended with tobacco to create the distinctively sweet Indonesian kretek cigarettes.
What could be more refreshing on your stroll through the Maluku rainforest than to crush a handful a fresh clove leaves and take in their warm, zesty aroma?
Like cloves, nutmeg (Myristica fragrans) is a spice of great worldwide demand native only to Maluku. Banda Island, with its rich, volcanic soils carpeted in nutmeg trees, was once a near-fabled destination for daring merchant sailors. Oddly, local harvesters first found little use for this crop, and were often quite puzzled by what all the fuss was about.
Surrounding the nutmeg “nut” or seed, the red, waxy aril, known as mace, is actually more potent and valuable than nutmeg itself.
The nutmeg tree, a sun-sensitive tree not unlike coffee, is often grown under the cover of kenari trees. The delicate nuts of kenari are now exported as another sustainably harvested forest crop from many parts of Maluku.
Beautiful wild orchids are found throughout Maluku. The famous natural historian G.E. Rumphius (1627-1702), identified 170 orchid species in the Maluku Islands and surrounding areas.
Phalaenopsis amboinensis, a tiny yellow-green moon orchid with brown spots, is the most world-famous species, native to the Kawa valley, Seram island. Rumphius sent this species to Europe where it was then crossed with other species. Today many award-winning Phalaenopsis cultivars are descendants of this Ambon species.
Another prized Maluku orchid is Dendrobium phalaenopsis, known locally as bunga larat. D. phalaenopsis varies from clear white to grape purple, with nuances between these two colors.
In addition, Maluku also boasts Bulophilium orchids, Coloagyne, Vanda celebia, Dendrobium grananatum vandopsis (tiger orchid) and Phaius spp. (the common garden orchid).
As a main food of Maluku, the sago palm (Metroxylon sp) is grown in several locations in Maluku. Years ago, sago was so valuable due to storable within unlimited of time, as well as transportable to other places without worrying about being rotten. “Without Sago, Ambon shall stop functioning” that is what Shirley noted in the book of Ambon: Island of spices. Sago palm is harvested after 15 years. The sago palm is a multi purposes plant. Every part of its tree can be used for the needs of Maluku, such as tree trunk is for house wall or leaves of sago for house roof.
Maluku has variety of fauna; even numbers of them are special for this region and cannot be found in others. Especially knowing Maluku is included in Wallacea region, which is the region of the exchange character of flora & fauna in western part of Indonesia (Asia character) with Australian character in Eastern part. It has also various types of fowl, including type of birds, which exist in Maluku. Out of 402 limited spread bird species in Indonesia. 225 of them or 56% are limited spread birds, live in Wallacea region. And 213 of them can only be found in Wallacea region. In Wallacea region, Maluku is the richest region, which has 116, limited spread bird species with 90 species of them can only be found in Maluku. From this number of birds among others are: Black-capped lorry (lorious lorry), Greater bird of paradise (paradisaea apoda), King Cockatoo (probosciger-aterima), and Casuary (casuarius). One of the famous types of bird due to its beauty is bird of paradise. With its beauty has made the queen of Spain Marie Christine de Bourbone (circa 1830) to use Bird of paradise on her crown. Assuming that the decreasing numbers of this type of birds were caused by the habit of women to use this bird as a hair decoration during that age.
Gunung Gamalama
Gamalama Volcano is a volcano island which is nearly circular in shape with 5.8 km in radius and covered about 105 km² of the entire area. This volcano island is known as Ternate island. Ternate city which is located in the southeast coast of Ternate Island, is the capital city of North Maluku Regency. Half of the population of Ternate Island live in Ternate city, whereas the rest live in along the coast which are mostly as fishermen or farmer. Gamalama Volcano is a stratovolcano, and the highest peak is 1715 m above sea level is composed of lava, pyroclastic and lahar from three generation of volcanoes which is reflected by three crater rims on its summit. The position of these crater rims reflects the direction of the movement of its eruption point the south to the north. The youngest crater rim where part of its eruption activity occured during historic time, is located in the north known as Mt.Arfat or Piek van Ternate, it is circular in shape of 300 m in diameter and 1715 m in high above sea level. The morphology of the summit area, shows the crater rims are facing northward, and act as the barrier of eruption material distribution in the form of flowing mass. Most of the distribution of its eruption products will be distributed toward this point except the ejected material which are generally distributed to all direction. So, the north part is the most dangerous area toward eruption. Precursory to eruption show that tectonic earthquake and volcanic earthquake are the common phenomena which are usually occur. This may because Gamalama volcano is located in an active tectonic earthquake zone. The analysis result of seismicity, recorded by the seismograph show that the dominant tectonic earthquake is always accompanied by presence of volcanic earthquake.
Historic eruptions
Gamalama is one of very active volcanoes in Indonesia. The first known eruption during historic time was in 1538. Its increase activities recorded until 1994 were 82 time, where 65 of them followed by the occurrence of eruption. From these eruption occurences, there were 15 times of them produced lava flows. In general, they were explosive eruptions which took place in the main crater, except the 1763 which was a flank eruption occurred in the north flank in the Sulamandaha area which produced lava flows. During the eruption of 1980, which took place in the central crater, there was a new crater formed located in the eastern part of the main crater. Based on the eruption history, the eruption period was short and generally took place just in few days. The eruption interval show at least 1 year of quiescene and 44 years in the longest period of quiescene or every 5.5 years on average. In general, the eruptions are in the form of ejected volcanic material of ash to boulder sizes which are frequently followed by volcanic bombs and in some eruptions were followed by lava flows. During the rainy seasons, this ash and rock boulders often form lahar, whereas pyroclastic flows have never been occurred. Although Gamalama erupts frequently, the character of its eruptions is not too hazardous. Human victims were claimed during the eruptions of 1673,1775,1838 and 1871. There were two persons injured and in 1838 while they were doing observation in the crater and around the summit areas, whereas during the 1871 activity one person killed and another one was wounded hit by the ejected rock. During the formation of Tolire Jaha and Tolire Kecil Maars in 1775, there were 141 people were missing at Soela Takomi area.
Natural beauty
Sea Park

Since ancient times, Maluku has been renown for its spectacular sea gardens. No wonder the beauty of Maluku’s underwater life has drawn so many domestic and international visitors!
The seas fringing the Maluku Islands are exceedingly rich in biodiversity. Some of the dazzling fish and sea animals include parrot fish, butterfly fish, clown fish, trumpet fish, damsel fish, pipefish, scorpion fish, lizard fish, puffer fish, eels, octopus, sea horses, sea snakes and sea turtles. Just to name a few! All these creatures can be directly enjoyed trough snorkeling or SCUBA diving.
But without even getting wet, many reef creatures can be enjoyed from the surface of Maluku’s clear, blue waters. These other wordly life forms include colorful sponges and soft corals, plate corals, brain corals, mushroom corals, red and black corals, crinoids, gorgonians, and giant clams and sea stars.
All in all, the beauty of Maluku’s sea gardens, bathed in warm sunshine, make for a truly enchanting natural experience.
Some locations of the famous sea gardens in Maluku are among others in Ambon island, Banda islands, Nusalaut island, Seram island, Kai islands, Aru islands and Tanimbar islands.
Sea Shore
The Maluku seashore is no less stunning than its underwater life. Maluku boasts a wide diversity of coastal settings. White sand beaches, black sand beaches, beaches with interesting coral reefs and flanked by scenic cliffs, rocky shores and stretches of mangrove teeming with wildlife…it’s all here. Maluku’s thousands of beautiful shores are sure to beckon you back time and time again.
Coral reef
It feels uncompleted if the beauty of various fish species are not followed with the attractive coral reef like Black coral reef, Sponges, Plate coral, Coral flower in the form of bowl, will truly hypnotize whoever sees them.
According to a number of researches in Maluku water, it consists of more than 738 species of sea fish. There are several of species i.e. Pelagis (sea surface fish) and Domorsal (deep sea fish) has made Maluku water becomes a fascinating sea park. From the hundreds of species of fish there are among others known as, Ornate ghost, Pipefish, Anemone fish, Trumpet fish, Scorpion fish, Juvenile damsel fish, Lizard fish, Black spotted puffer, Porcupine fish, and Juvenile catfish. The enchantment of those several of fish are really made the panorama of the scenery of Sea Park in Maluku islands looks so splendid.
Charming Creatures
There are numbers seemingly charm creature under the water besides creatures those make the life under water panorama beautiful. They leave together with fish and the coral too, which a few of them are Moral eel, Seahorse, Banded sea snake, Jellyfish, Featherstar, Nudibranch, Garden eel, Anemone hermit crab, Spinnenkrabbe, Hinge-beak shrimp, Tropical posy. Each one of them appears with each unique unveiling.
National Park
Wisely, the Indonesian government has realized the need to preserve Maluku’s natural wealth and beauty for all time. With this goal, various national parks and reserves have been set aside.
By far, the most famous of the Maluku protected areas is Manusela National Park, occupying 189,000 acres, or about one-tenth of Seram Island. Manusela is rich in a wide variety of ecosystems: seashore habitats, lowland rainforests, montane forests, pygmy forests, and even subalpine scrub topping Gunung Binaya. Mount Binaya, at 3,027 meters, is Maluku’s highest peak.
Manusela National Park is enriched with unique flora and fauna due to its wide range of habitats and its intermediate position between the Oriental and Australian biogeographic realms.
The native people that dwells around the national park adds an interesting cultural attraction to the region.
We invite you to enjoy Manusela, but please remember while visiting this and all national parks: “Take nothing but pictures, leave nothing but footprints”.
No one can question the beauty of Maluku’s hidden underground treasures. Akohi Cave in Tamilouw village, 40 km east from Masohi in south Seram, for instance, is decorated with stalactites, stalagmites, flowstone, draperies – even gypsum needles and angel’s hairs.
In north Seram, Lusiala Cave, high in the cliffs behind Saleman village, features awe-inspiring biological attractions. Each evening the sky darkens with a river of millions of bats. The bats circle and circle above the village, singing an eerie song, as they congregrate then wind off towards the sea, for then to the Seram mountains. Mind these creatures carefully–by local belief, Saleman’s little bats or lusiala, are the grandchildren of the ancestors.
Of historical interest, some of Maluku’s caves have been used as hideaways during World War II and other battles.
Casual cave trekkers find Maluku’s underground world alluring. But more dedicated cave explorers are drawn further by the lure of the unknown. Much of Seram’s karst terrain, including the 3,027-meter Gunung Binaya, remains little-explored. Recent discoveries in north Seram have revealed Api Lima Cave behind Masihulan village (over a kilometer long) and Hatu Saka Cave, behind Saleman village (nearly 400 meters deep). What else awaits discovery?
The Maluku Islands are the products of an on-going collision between the Pacific, Australian and Indian tectonic plates. As such, this region is very geologically active and complex. Some of the results of Maluku’s geological activity are volcanoes, including a few that remain active into present times.
Banda’s Gunung Api, for instance (the name literally means “Fire Mountain”) was active as recently as 1989. The perfect conical symmetry of this volcano makes it irresistible to climb. Those who’s summit its 600 meters are treated to stunning panoramic views of surrounding islands.
Other tectonic activity in Maluku gives rise to hot springs, such as the vast springs found in Tehoru south Seram, Tulehu village on Ambon island and in Oma village, Haruku island. These springs are sometimes likened to a nice heated swimming pool.

Moluccas 3 Musea

* Ambon Siwa Lima Maluku Provincial Museum
* Ternate Kedaton Sultan Ternate Museum
* Tidore Sultan Sonyie Malige Museum

Ambon Siwa Lima Maluku Provincial Museum

Has a fine collection of local arts and crafts

Ternate Kedaton Sultan Ternate Museum

The current Sultan’s Palace, built in 1796, is now partly a museum

Tidore Sultan Sonyie Malige Museum

It displays the Sultan’s sedan chair and giant tippoons, plus the royal crown topped with cassowary feathers.


3 days – 2 nights
An adventure to the natural beauty of the deep blue sea.
Day- 1 (D):
From BANDA NEIRA Airport, you’ll transfered to your hotel. Enjoy a city tour on foot visiting FORT NASSAU and BELGICA, the Mini Palace, house of exile for the well-known Indonesian leader Hatta, and also the local museum.
Day- 2 (B-L-D):
Following a half-day boat cruise visits BANDA BESAR and GUNUNG API volcano, you’ll have the opportunity to see the remnants of FORT ROTTERDAM, the nutmeg factory and plantation as well as swimming/snorkeling at BATU SEMBAHYANG Beach (the Praying Stone Beach).
Day- 3 (B):
Leave the BANDA NEIRA for AMBON and then on to next destination.

National Parks

Go to my site Indonesia National Parks

Moluccas Damar Island

Moluccas Damar Island

damar islands, damar, tellang, laut, limtutu, kital, maopora, djuha, terbang utara, terbang selatan,

doesborgh reef, nila, nika, serua, nil desperandum,

lucipara, penjuh, skaro reef, bingkudu, kadola, penjuh islands,

Damar Islands

Damar Island Damar East 2.800 Christian
South Maluku, north of eastern tip of Timor Island, east side of Damar Island, 6 villages, and east of Roma Island.
Damar Island Damar West 1.100 Christian
South Maluku, north of the Damar Island, damar, , moluccas, tribe, sukueastern tip of Timor Island, north side of Damar Island, 2 villages. Alternate names: North Damar. Dialects: Not intelligible with East Damar [dmr].

Moluccas Banda Islands

Moluccas Banda Islands

Maps, Resorts, Moluccas,Indonesia, tours, animals, birds, tribes, culture, ceremonies, art, tribal art, trekking ,banda, run, ai, suanggi, bandanaira, rozengain,pisang, naira,

Proposed World Heritages

Banda Islands Moluccas

nature reserve, banda fort,

Date of Submission: 07/02/2005
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Category: Natural
Submission prepared by:
Ministry of Emvironment
S 40o28′ – 40o39′ E 129o39′ – 130o04′
Ref.: 2004

The Banda Islands (Indonesian: Kepulauan Banda) are a group of ten small volcanic islands in the Banda Sea, about 140km south of Seram island and about 2000km east of Java, and are part of the Indonesian province of Maluku. The main town and administrative centre is Bandanaira, located on the island of the same name. They rise out of 4-6 km deep ocean and have a total land area of approximately 180 km². They have a population of about 15,000. Until the mid 19th century the Banda Islands were the world’s only source of the spices nutmeg and mace, produced from the nutmeg tree. The islands are also popular destinations for scuba diving and snorkeling.

Belgica Fort Moluccas

Fort Belgica, one of many forts built by the Dutch East India Company, is one of the largest remaining European forts in Indonesia.

nature reserve, belgica, fort

nature reserve, belgica, fortnature reserve, belgica, fort

Date of Submission: 19/10/1995
Criteria: (iii)
Category: Cultural
Submission prepared by:
Directorate General for Culture
Maluku Province
Ref.: 297
Belgica Fort was built in 1611 by the first Governer-General of the Banda Islands, Pieter Both, who was an energetic and experienced sea captain and merchant. He built Belgica Fort on the spot where Nassau Fort should had been built.
This fort was rebuilt and enlarged several times during the Dutch occupation. Today it has been renovated according to its original dimensions and size.

Moluccas Babar Islands

Moluccas Babar Islands

babar, wetan, dawera, masela, dai, islands, dawera daweloor, luang, imroing, masala, moluccas, nature reserves

babar, wetan, dawera, masela, dai, islands, dawera daweloor, luang, imroing, masala, moluccas, nature reserves

babar, wetan, dawera, masela, dai, islands, dawera daweloor, luang, imroing, masala, moluccas, nature reserves

babar, wetan, dawera, masela, dai, islands, dawera daweloor, luang, imroing, masala, moluccas, nature reserves

babar, wetan, dawera, masela, dai, islands, dawera daweloor, luang, imroing, masala, moluccas, nature reserves

babar, wetan, dawera, masela, dai, islands, dawera daweloor, luang, imroing, masala, moluccas, nature reserves

Babar Islands Tribes

Dai Island, Sinairusi, Lewa, Hertuti villages, Sinairusi Kecil hamlet. Dialects: No dialect variation. Lexical similarity: 72% with Dawera-Daweloor (most similar) [ddw], 71% with Nakarahamto, 49% with Masela-South Babar, 48% with Tepa (Luang).
The Dai people live in the Babar Islands in the eastern part of the countrdai , moluccas, tribe, sukuy of Indonesia in the South West Pacific near North Australia. The Babar Islands are thought to have been inhabited for 40,000 years, starting with Australoid people, then more recently (from 3000 years ago) with waves of Austronesians mixing in. The Dai Islanders were traditional animists and pretty much left alone until about 100 years ago when the Dutch colonial government forced them all to come down out of their cliff-top fortresses and rather live by the beach and stop warring with each other. Church officers from the Maluku Protestant Church (/Gereja Protestan Maluku-GPM)/ were dispatched to “civilize” and christianize the Babar Islanders /en masse/, build church structures and install priests to conduct religious services. The GPM, the dominant religious institution in the Babar Islands, is 403 years old; Asia’s oldest Protestant denomination. The communities of the Babar Islands are nominally Christian, but there is little evidence of faith. The spiritual lives of Babar Islanders are characterized by a mixture of Christianized surface symbols and rituals layered over their deeper traditional animistic and occultic practices and beliefs.

Dai Island is located in the Babar Islands roughly 160 miles east of East Timor and 300 miles north of Darwin, Australia or 7 degrees 66 minutes south and 129 degrees 40 minutes east. The arid Australian climate has a significant effect on the Babar Islands. While there is plentiful rain from Christmas till June, there is no rain from July till Christmas again. The wind blows almost constantly from the East from April through December, and from the West from January to March. There is a calm season in both November and March.

Babar Island, the archipelago’s namesake, at a height of around 700 meters dominates the local horizon. While Babar Island itself is relatively fertile and has abundant water due to its size and height which attracts rain clouds, it is surrounded by five much smaller and lower islands (located roughly at the cardinal directions) that are arid and infertile. Dai Island is one of these smaller, desert islands. For several months just before Christmas water becomes so scarce that the people often have to line up and wait at the well for their meager ration, they drink less than a liter each per day and must bath, launder and wash dishes in sea water. Fresh fruit and vegetables are unavailable due to the infertility and aridity, so malnutrition is a problem. Malnutrition makes people more susceptible to contracting illnesses and infections, and less able to recover from them as well.

The villages of Dai Island are located near the seashore either on flat sandy areas or amongst house sized coral boulders, cliffs and outcroppings. Every village has coconut palm trees towering above the thatch roofs providing shade and a constant whispering in the never-ending trade winds. Most houses do not have glass windows and are open to any breezes that might chance by, allowing flies, mosquitoes and dust ample opportunity for entrance.

Everyone lives in villages within a few meters of the ocean. Before dawn when the roosters begin crowing and the tiny birds are atwitter most people rise and amble down to the ocean to relieve themselves. Alternatively they walk to the back of the village near the invariable cliffs to do their business, contributing to the risk of cholera spread by the abundant flies. Also at dawn from every household comes the rhythmic swishing of some adult female invariably sweeping the dirt yard with a long whisk. A deep thumping shakes the earth from various quarters signifying some woman using large mortars and pestles to pulverize maize (a kind of white, starchy tasteless corn), their chief staple. After pounding the maize into a coarse meal, they boil and eat it like rice.

Dogs, chickens, pigs and goats all prowl about the sandy streets and yards looking for morsels to eat. Partially or entirely unclad toddlers wander around in unsupervised gangs terrorizing grasshoppers. There are always women at home who start a wood fire in their kitchen hut and boil up some rice or pulverized maize for the day. The smoke of the cook fires seeping through all the thatch roofs rises to form a temporary haze in the still season. Many ladies fry donuts fresh or prepare their day-olds for sale to the kids on their way to school.

Mothers, aunts or older sisters serve up some cold rice or ground corn or a donut to the school aged children after they have washed their faces and put on their red and white school uniforms. At 7 am a teacher in a tan uniform at the school rings the hand bell and the children line up at attention and then all march into school. Some girls will carry a large Tupperware bucket full of donuts for sale at school.

There is no forest on the outlying Babar Islands and gardening is minimal so most of the Dai men paddle out a few kilometers to sea in their small dugout canoes to go fishing for small tuna with a line and hook, no rod. There are no streams so the women bundle up their dirty clothes and detergent to pound their wash at the concrete public laundry plazas strategically placed throughout the village. At each plaza one faucet serves all comers.

At 8 am adult men and women in uniforms of brown, green, tan, grey or blue stroll along the streets on their way to their respective government offices, the men invariably puffing on a cigarette. In the remote villages the only kinds of government work are the different kinds of schools, the three or four village staff and possibly a health clinic. In the municipal capitols there are various kinds of church officials, policemen, military, postal, environmental, agricultural, education and many other kinds of civil servants.

By 11 am the youngest children are already headed home from school. Oftentimes they go play in the ocean, especially liking to play with dugout canoes which they use as surf boards. Once a week a couple children from each family are sent out to find firewood, which consists of dead branches as thin as their wrists. Hanging by a woven fibre strap that goes across their forehead, a pail-sized woven basket rides on their back ready to carry the firewood.

The men have come back from fishing. Every man fishes and so every family has fish so fish is not sold in the village. Everywhere there are mollusk innards, fish, octopus and sea cucumbers hanging out to dry on stick racks. Giant clam shells are filled with seawater in the morning and set out to evaporate into salt for curing the fish. The excess fish is traded for corn to people from the big Babar island.

Around 10 am you might see old men from every quarter shuffling their way to one particular house. If you passed by that house you would see them sitting around discussing in the indigenous language cases and lawsuits. One younger man stands by holding a bottle of coconut whiskey and a glass to take a drink to each elder who makes a short speech before quaffing back about an ounce’s worth.

Around 1 o’clock the civil servants amble home from work unless they are a teacher. If you pass by some teacher’s house in midafternoon you might see a group of 3 or 4 students getting a paid, private tutorial.

On many mornings can be heard the chug-chug-chug of a diesel engine of a small wooden boat arriving or leaving, ferrying goods and passengers from the municipal capitol to villages on other islands or villages that have no road. The boat weighs anchor 100 meters from shore beyond the pounding surf and dugout canoes weave their way out through the breakers to unload cement bags, boards, boxes of ceramic floor tile or corrugated metal roofing panels, along with passengers. People take live chickens, pigs and goats and especially dried fish and coconut meat (called /copra/). Kitchen wares, plastic lawn chairs and stereo equipment might be seen being unloaded.

There are no bicycles or horses on the outer Babar islands because the ground is so rocky, with fingers and knife-like ridges of jagged coral sticking up everywhere. Some days people will walk to other villages on their island to visit relatives (such as children boarding in town going to high school) or wait for a ship or sell lunches on passing cargo ships.

By mid afternoon most of the children are out playing. Swimming, marbles, dolls, complicated games that look like a combination of tag, British bulldog, and ten other games rolled into one, hopscotch, skipping rope, hunting and trapping birds.

At 5pm there is often some kind of religious service so just before sunset you can usually see men, women or children freshly bathed and wearing their best clothes with their hair combed carrying an Indonesian Bible and prayer book strolling off to some kind of meeting.

The sun slips into the sea and most of the huts grow dark, using one or two very dim oil lanterns since kerosene is expensive. One or two of the more well-off residents, usually a civil servant, will turn on their diesel generator and their brilliantly illuminated house with stereo or TV blaring becomes the magnet for dozens of neighbours to come sit and listen or watch.

The Dai Island people believe first of all that there is a profound connection between all things physical and spiritual. Something done in the physical always has an impact on the spiritual. The other fundamental assumption is solidarity. They must remain united in their activities at all costs. Spending time alone is seen as a symptom of imbalance if not derangement. Doing things individualistically could also have negative spiritual and physical consequences. They think it is very important to be together at the various religious services and rites prescribed by the nominal church. While they do not understand the meaning of the rites they perfunctorily perform, they always complain about those who are absent, believing that the lack of solidarity will have a bad consequence like crop failure, injuries or epidemics. They believe that there are malevolent spirits all around them just waiting to pounce at the slightest provocation. So they have many superstitions for every aspect of life, designed to appease the spirits. They are afraid to go into the forest alone at any time, and especially not at night at which time they believe that blood-thirsty spirits wander about seeking whom they may devour.

Babar North-1.000
South Maluku, northeast Babar Island, east of Timor, Ilwiara, Nakarhamto, Yatoke villages. Dialects: Reported dialect variation
Babar South East-4.460
South Maluku, southeast Babar Island.
Emplawas-250 Christian
South Maluku, southwest Babar Island, Emplawas village.
Dawera-Daweloor 1.270 Christian
South Maluku, Dawelor Island, Wiratan, Watuwei and Nurnyaman; Dawera Island, Welora, Letmasa and Ilmarang northeast of Babar Island. Alternate names: Davelor. Dialects: Minor dialect differences.
Imroing 560 Christian
South Maluku, southwest Babar Island, Imroing village. Alternate names: Imroin.
Masela Central 511 Christian
Marsela Island. 3 villages. Alternate names: Central Marsela, Marsela-South Babar
Masela East 520 Christian
Marsela Island. 3 villages. Alternate names: East Marsela.
Masela West 850 Christian
Marsela Island. 5 villages
Serili 330 Christian
northeast Marsela Island.
Tela-Masbuar 1.050 Christian
southwest Babar Island, Tela, Masbuar villages. Alternate names: Masbuar-Tela, Tela’a

Moluccas Aru Islands Map Aru, Kei and TanimbarIslands Maps

Aru, Kei and TanimbarIslands Maps

Aru Islands Map, Aru Islands, aru, dobo,nature reserves, tribes,

Barukai Island-4.300
South Maluku; Barakai Island, Longgar, Apara, Bemun, and Mesiang; southeast Aru Islands; Gomo-Gomo Island northeast of Barakai. Alternate names: Workai. Dialects: Barakai, Mesiang. Similar to Karey [kyd]. Lexical similarity: 70% with Batuley [bay].
Wokam Island  Batuley 3.840
South Maluku, off the east coast of Wokam Island. 7 villages in Aru on small islands. Alternate names: Gwataley, Watulai. Dialects: Related to Kompane [kvp] to the north and Lola [lcd] to the south, slightly more distant from Dobel [kvo]. Lexical similarity: 70% with Barakai [baj] and Karey [kyd], 81% with Mariri [mqi].
Aru Islands Dobel 8.000 Christian
increasing. 6,500 plus 1,000 outside the area; 2,700 in Northern Dobel, 1,800 in Straits Dobel, 1,400 in Southeast Dobel. Southeast Maluku, Aru Islands, entire east coast of Kobror Island, 1 village in southeast Wokam Island, 4 villages eastern half of Barakai Strait (Kobror and Koba Islands), 2 villages in central Kobror Island. 18 villages. Also Dobo and Ambon. Alternate names: Doibel, Kobro’or, Kobroor, Sersifar Tannin. Dialects: Northern Dobel, Straits Dobel, Southeast Dobel. At least 3 dialects. Related to Lola [lcd], Lorang [lrn]. Lexical similarity: 78%–86% with Koba [kpd].
Karey 950
south Aru Islands, Karey Valley, east coast of Tarangan Island. Alternate names: Kerei, Krei. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 70% with East Tarangan [tre] and Batuley [bay].
Koba 600
Aru Islands, Baun and Fukarel islands bordering Dobel, 3 villages; southeast of Kobror Island, mouth of Barakai Strait. Dialects: Southeast Koba. Low comprehension of Dobel [kvo]. Lexical similarity: 78%–86% with Dobel
Kola  7.700 Islam
north Aru Islands, widespread on Kola Island coast, adjacent islands. 22 villages. Alternate names: Kulaha, Marlasi, Warilau. Dialects: Intelligibility test showed Marlasi dialect intelligible to Kompane [kvp]. Lexical similarity: 77% with Kompane, 70% with Ujir [udj].
Kompane 330
east coast of Kongan Island, northeast Aru, Kompane village, south of Kola and north of Wokam islands. Alternate names: Komfana, Kongampani. Dialects: Similar to Kola [kvv], linguistically between Kola and Batuley [bay]. Good intelligibility of Kola.
Lola 830  Islam
3 islands east of Kobroor and Baun islands, Aru Islands, Lola, Warabal, and Jambuair villages. Dialects: Lola, Warabal. Linguistically between Batuley [bay] and Dobel [kvo]; similar to Koba [kpd].
Lorang 320
Koba Island, Aru center, Lorang village. Dialects: Similar to Koba [kpd] and, to a lesser extent, Dobel [kvl]. Some similarities with Manombai [woo], but intelligibility is lower than might be expected.
Manombai  7.480
Aru Islands, Manombai Strait (Sungttai) area as far as Wakua, west coast of Wokam Island, from Wokam village south, 21 villages; Kobror Island, Benjina; west end of Barakai Strait, Maikor Island, Gardakau; east coast of Wokam Island, Kobamar village. May no longer be spoken on Wamar Island. Alternate names: Manobai, Wamar, Wokam. Dialects: Not inherently intelligible with Dobel [kvo]. Lexical similarity: 76% with Lorang [lrn]
Mariri  390
Mariri Island, east Aru east of Kobroor Island. 1 village. Alternate names: Mairiri. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 81% with Batuley [bay].
Tarangan East 3.780 Christian
south Aru Islands, Tarangan Island east coast, and villages in Maikor Strait (Sungai Maikor). 13 villages. Alternate names: East Trangan, Tarangan Timur. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 71% with West Tarangan [txn].
Tarangan West 6.480 Christian
south Aru Islands, Tarangan Island west coast. Alternate names: Tarangan Barat, West Trangan. Dialects: Southwestern Tarangan, North Central Tarangan. 2 sharply distinct dialect groups, with minor variation within them. Lexical similarity: 70% with East Tarangan [tre] and Manombai [woo].
Ujir 980 Islam
northwest Aru Islands, Ujir on Ujir Island, Samang on Wokam Island west peninsula tip. Alternate names: Udjir. Dialects: Lexical similarity: 75% with Kola [kvv] in north Aru, and slightly less with Kola on the west coast of Kola Island.

Tanimbar Islands, Tanimbar, nature reserves, tribes, yamdena, fordata, seluwasan, selaru,


Tanimbar Islands

Seluwasan 2.840 Yamdena
739 in Makatian, 2,100 in Seluwasan. South Maluku, Yamdena Island, southwest coast, Wermatang, Batu Putih, and Marantutul. Alternate names: Selvasa, Selwasa. Dialects: Seluwasan, Makatian. Makatian dialect quite different from others.
Selaru 8.000 Christian
Tanimbar, Selaru Island, 6 of 7 villages, Yamdena Island, half Latdalam village, Nus-Wotar Island off Yamdena west coast, Lingada village; Saumlake and Ambon. Alternate names: Salaru. Dialects: Kandar. Slight dialect differences. Not closely related to other nearby languages. Lexical similarity: 56% with Seluwasan [sws].
Tanimbar Fordata Christian
25,000 in the language area and 25,000 elsewhere (Marshall 2000). Southeast Maluku, north Tanimbar Islands of the Fordata, Larat, the Molu-Maru group, a few villages on the northwest part of Yamdena, and on Seira off the west coast of Yamdena. 30 villages. Also Saumlaki, Ambon, Tual, Sorong, Hayapura, Jakarta. Alternate names: Larat, Vai Fordata, Vai Tnebar, Vaidida. Dialects: Fordata-Larat I, Fordata-Larat II, Molo (Molo-Maru), Sera (Seira). Sera is most divergent dialect. Lexical similarity: 68% with Kei [kei].

Yamdena 25.000  Yamdena

Ethnic population: 35,000 to 40,000 (1991 SIL). Southeast Maluku, east coast of Yamdena, north tip of Selaru, Adaut village; southwest Yamdena, Latdalam village. 35 villages. Alternate names: Jamden, Jamdena. Dialects: North Yamdena (Batjas, Watmuri), South Yamdena (Saumlaki, Amdassa). Dialect chain from north to south with 90% lexical similarity between extremes, but with considerable morphological and phonological differences. The southern dialect is more prestigious. Lexical similarity: 90% between the north and south dialects, 47% with Fordata [frd].

kei islands, kei, tual, nature reserves, tribes, watubela, kur, teor,


Kei Islands

Kei 4.500 Animism
Southeast Maluku, Kei Kecil, Kei Besar, surrounding islands, except Banda Eli and Banda Elat villages on Kei Besar; Kur Islands, where Kei is a lingua franca. About 207 villages on about 10 islands. Alternate names: Kai, Saumlaki, Veveu Evav. Dialects: Kei Kecil, Kei Besar, Tayando, Tanimbar Kei (Atnebar), Ta’am. Kei Kecil is the prestigious urban dialect. Kei Besar speakers usually also know Kei Kecil, but not vice versa. Kei Besar is more similar to Fordata [frd] than other Kei dialects. Tanimbar Kei is spoken in only one village. Lexical similarity: 60% with Fordata.
Fishing is the main livelihood of the Kei villagers. The people go out, usually at night, in plank boats or in dugout canoes. They use spears, harpoons, hooks, and traps to catch the fish.

The Kei also engage in some farming, using the “slash and burn” technique. In this type of agriculture, the land is first cleared by burning the existing vegetation. Then, in the resulting fertile top soil, the crop is planted. After a year or two on the land, the farmer moves to a new area and begins the process all over again. Using this method, the Kei cultivate taro (a potato-like vegetable), yams, maize, and rice. They also collect sago (a powdery starch obtained from the trunks of sago palms) from the swamps. For export and cash, the people make boats and canoes, cut timber, and produce copra (dried coconut meat yielding coconut oil).

Formerly, settlements were built on the tops of high, steep rocks or hills for protection. They were usually grouped in dense clusters of 20 to 50 houses, surrounded by a stone wall. Today, the houses lack any one type of distinctive style, apart from being built on stilts.

The most important group in the Kei village is the fam (group with a common male ancestry). Some fams are small, with their members living in a few villages close together. Other fams are very large, with their members living in many villages spread over a broad area. A village may also contain members of several fams. However, one fam is usually regarded as being the “senior fam.” Its members are the direct descendants of those who first settled the village.

The ideal marriage to the Kei is a cross-cousin marriage. The man will usually pay a bride-price, and this will be reciprocated by a gift from the girl’s relatives. To avoid a large bride-price, the man may practice bride-service instead. In this case, he will live and work for his wife’s parents for a number of years.

Traditional Kei culture recognizes three social classes: the village heads, the ordinary people, and the slave class. The members of the ruling lineage of village heads are called the mel mel, and many of these claim foreign descent. The village head is called the rat or orang kaja.

The Kei are primarily ethnic religionists, practicing their ancient traditions and religions. An important element in their religion is the belief in spirits of the dead. The spirits of those who died a violent t or of women who died in childbirth are especially feared. Mythology also speaks of Duan Lerwuan, the god of the sun, and of Duan Luteh, the god of the moon. Other Kei deities include Hejan Suwat, the god of the sea, and Lir Majoran, the god of agriculture.

Watubela 4.000 Islam
Watubela Islands, north of Kur Island. Alternate names: Esiriun, Kasiui, Kasui, Kesui, Matabello, Snabi Watubela, Wesi. Dialects: Tamher Timur, Sulmelang. Lexical similarity: 77% between dialects, 51%–61% with Geser-Gorom [ges], 41% with Teor [tev] and Kur [kuv], 37% with Bobot [bty], 34% with Masiwang [bnf].
Kur 3.180 Islam
west Kei Kecil District, Kur Island and nearby islands. Dialects: Different from Kei [kei]. Boundaries of intelligibility with dialects to the north and the central dialect, and with Teor [tev] need further investigation. Lexical similarity: 47%–50% with Kei, 71%–83% with Teor, 41% with Watubela [wah], 38% with Geser [ges].
Teor  1.100
Teor and Ut islands. Alternate names: Tio’or. Dialects: Gaur Kristen, Ut. Self-report to understand Kur [kuv]. Lexical similarity: 79% between Gaur Kristen and Ut, 71%–83% with Kur, 41% with Watubela [wah], 38% with Geser [ges].


Moluccas Ambon, Haruku, Saparua

Moluccas Ambon, Haruku, Saparua

Ambon, Haruku, Saparua , Map, molana, nusa laut, moluccas, maluku

Ambon Island Tour


3 days – 2 nights

A lingering experience of the beautiful and fascinating island.
Day- 1 (D):From PATIMMURA airport,
you’ll be transfered to your hotel. In the afternoon you’ll enjoy a sightseeing tour, covering visits to the memorials of PATIMURA and CHRISTINA MARTA TIAHAHU, the war cemetery at KAPAHA/ TANTUI and a visit to the SIWA LIMA Museum.
Day – 2 (B-L-D):On the way to LATULAHAT,
a stop will be made at the Provincial Museum, then a visit to WAEMAHU to see the clove art factory, proceed to NAMALATU Beach for shell collecting or refreshing swim. In the afternoon, proceed to WAAI where if you are lucky you will have a glimpse of the sacred eels before continuing to HUNIMUA Beach.
Day- 3 (B):
Free morning until transfer to the airport, but there might still be some time to shop for souvenirs.

Saparua Island


Day- 1 (L-D):
On arrival in AMBON, you will be met at Pattimura airport, transfer to your hotel. After lunch, visit WAISELAKA POND in WAAI, its clear crystal water inhabited by holy eel, The Crazy Bamboo Performance. Dinner and overnight at your hotel.
Day- 2 (B-L-D):
After breakfast, Ambon city sightseeing, visiting Traditional hand weaving, SIWA LIMA museum, After lunch observe “SAGO BAKING” while you have the opportunity to taste sago cakes with a cup of hot tea or coffee. Back to hotel for dinner and overnight.
Day – 3 (B-L-D):
After an early breakfast, depart to TULEHU transit harbour joining a motor- vessel. A sea voyage passing HARUKU island to MARIA transit harbor in Saparua island. Straight to BOOI village visit the old church, full on woodcarvings, and walk up and down through the village of stepping stones. Trip continue to WAIHENAHIA, white sandy beach and on the way short stop to visit DUURSTEDE fortress. You have the opportunity for a traditional lunch at OUW village observe poterry and later watch how they distill the traditional GIN from palm wine. Back to SIRI SORI HOTEL for dinner. After dinner observe traditional dances and music you can join the dance and participate with the villagers.
Day – 4 (B):
After breakfast, there’s still time to observe wicker works; how they make SAGO BASKETS and SAGO LEAVE KNITTING. After lunch leave SIRISORI for MARIA transit harbour. A sea voyage back to Ambon then direct to Ambon Pattimura airport for your afternoon onward flight.

Ambon 10 Tribes

Ambon 10 Tribes


Asilulu 11.000
Northwest Ambon Island, Asilulu, Ureng, Negeri Lima villages; some in West Seram, Hoamoal Peninsula, south coast. Dialects: Asilulu, Ureng, Negeri Lima (Lima, Henalima). Lexical similarity: 88% between Asilulu and the Negeri Lima dialect, 78%–82% with Seit-Kaitetu [hik], 72%–73% with the Wakal dialect of Hitu [htu], 67%–72% with Larike-Wakasihu [alo], 71%–73% with Luhu [lcq] on Seram.
The Asilulu live on the island of Ambon in the villages of Asilulu and Ureng, in the district of Leihitu, Central Maluku Regency, in the province of Maluku. The provinces of North Maluku and Maluku were created from the province of Maluku in 1999. Transportation to the Asilulu area is available both by land and by sea. General transportation is available several times a day to the city of Ambon.The Maluku Islands, historically called the Spice Islands, are a string of over one thousand islands scattered over the eastern portion of Indonesia. They include most of the islands between Sulawesi and New Guinea and between Timor and the Philippines.The Asilulu language is one of the original languages of the island of Ambon and is spoken by people who reside on the west coast. The people in the village of Negri Lima speak a very similar, but different, language sometimes known as Henalima. Historically, the Asilulu language was a trade language for this region, and even now it is not unusual to meet a person from a neighboring island, such as Seram, who can speak the Asilulu language.
Fishing is the principle livelihood for the Asilulu, and because rice farming is rare in this region, their agricultural cash crops tend to be clove and nutmeg. The fishermen do not recognize any special traditional rituals, although it is common for the community to base all activities and work in prayer, according to each individual’s conviction.Before going to sea, the fishermen will first pray to God for blessings and protection. The fish they catch are used for daily needs, and the excess is sold. Some of the fish most commonly caught include: cakalang, tangiri, momar, silapa, lalosi, and kawalinya. From the villages of Luhu, Iha-Kulur, and Asilulu, the catch is primarily sold to Hitu and Ambon.The fishermen use various methods to catch fish, including dragnets (rorahi), casting nets, and rattan fish traps. When using casting nets and dragnets, they may group together to fish. The group leader is called tanase, and his men are known as masnait. With the nets and traps, they can catch momar, kawalinya, make, julung-julung and tuing-tuing (flying fish). When using rattan fish traps, the Asilulu fish individually. Ikan batu-batu (coral fish) are typically caught with this fishing technique.
The Asilulu are Muslims. As such, they believe they will be judged based on their knowledge of the Qur’an (Islamic Holy Book), as well as what they did with their lives. The Asilulu have syncretized Islam with their traditional beliefs. They mix traditional cultural practices and Islamic teachings in many of their events, such as weddings, circumcisions, royal inaugurations, and building of mosques (mesjid).
Hitu 17.000
Ambon Island, Hitu Peninsula, Wakal, Hitu, Mamala, Morela, Hila. Dialects: Wakal, Morela, Mamala, Hitu, Hila. Lexical similarity: 67%–82% with Seit-Kaitetu [hik], 74%–82% with Tulehu [tlu].
The Hitu live in the villages of Wakal, Hila, Hitu, Mamala, and Morela, which are located in northern coastal region of the island of Ambon. This is in the Leihitu District of Central Maluku Regency, in the province of Maluku. The provinces of North Maluku and Maluku were created from the province of Maluku in 1999.Several centuries ago, the Hitu area became the center of trade and supplies for the island of Ambon. Transportation to the Hitu area is available both by land and by sea. General transportation is available several times a day from all five villages to the city of Ambon. The only sources of historical knowledge about the Hitu are community stories, which tell us that they previously lived on the outskirts of the forest. Recent developments have caused them to move from the forest and begin building homes near the coast.The Hitu speak the Hitu language, with each of the five villages speaking a dialect varying slightly from the others.
The Hitu grow cloves, nutmeg, sago palm, coconuts, and other spices. The land is fertile, yet farming in the area is not yet managed well. A large part of the land remains traditional land, considered to be owned by the whole tribe. Many of the Hitu settlements are spread along the length of the beaches in coastal houses (rumah laut). Some stretch along the length of the road to Ambon and are called inland houses (rumah darat). In the Hitu area, many springs can be found which flow from fissures in coral limestone rock. These springs sometimes form rivers and divide highways. Many Hitu work as both farmers and fishermen. If fishing is their primary work, then farming becomes secondary, and vice versa. Crops generally grown include cassava, taro, clove, nutmeg and coconut. Fruit is also cultivated, including banana, jambu, durian (“stinky” fruit with a thick, spiky shell), and sirsak. Sago palm grows well without cultivation.Other Hitu work as government employees or teachers. Many women work as fish sellers (jibu-jibu).
The Hitu area was the gateway for the entrance of Islam into the Maluku province, thus the majority of the Hitu follow Islam. As such, they believe they will be judged based on their knowledge of the Qur’an (Islamic Holy Book), as well as the balance of their good and bad deeds. Like most Islamic peoples in the region, the Hitu are very influenced by animistic beliefs
Laha 3.890 Christian
Central Maluku, south central coast of Ambon Island, Laha village, nearby smaller villages. Alternate names: Central Ambon. Dialects: Related to Seram languages, but distinct from Manusela [wha]. Lexical similarity: 64%–66% with Asilulu [asl] and Seit-Kaitetu [hik] (most similar).
Larike-Wakasihu 12.600 Islam
Ambon Island, southwest Hitu Peninsula, Larike, Wakasihu, Tapi, Allang, Lai villages. Dialects: Allang, Wakasihu, Larike. The western end of the Ambon dialect subgroup. Lexical similarity: 81% among Allang, and Larike, and Wakasihu dialects; 92% between Larike and Wakasihu; 68%–71% with Asilulu [asl], 67% to 72% with Negeri Lima dialect of Asilulu [asl].
The Larike-Wakasihu live in the villages of Larike, Wakasihu, Tapi, Lai, and Allang on the western side of Ambon. These villages are located in the district of Leihitu, in Central Maluku Regency, in the province of Maluku. In 1999, the provinces of North Maluku and Maluku were created from the province of Maluku. The Maluku Islands, historically called the Spice Islands, are a string of over one thousand islands scattered over the eastern portion of Indonesia. They include most of the islands between Sulawesi and New Guinea and between Timor and the Philippines.In the past Larike-Wakasihu communities occupied a larger area, but their influence is declining. In the neighboring Allang valley, only the elderly people still understand the Larike-Wakasihu language. There are three settlements of the closely related Allang people who live in the western parts of the neighboring island of Seram, but they no longer speak the Larike-Wakasihu language.
The villages of Larike, Wakasihu, and Allang are serviced by ships that ferry passengers to the city of Ambon every day. The trip takes about three hours. Overland roads to Larike and Allang have recently been built. At present, transportation is also available in the form of minibuses and Damri (government public bus) that connect the district with the central city. In the past, the Larike-Wakasihu were generally friendly and respectful to newcomers. However, recent troubles in the area have created a climate of suspicion and distrust through Ambon and other Maluku islands. The main form of work for the Larike-Wakasihu people is generally farming. The mainstay commodities are cloves and nutmeg, along with other plants that are cultivated in the traditional way. The Larike-Wakasihu are located at the center of fishing for the region. Their strategic location near the coast has potential for future development. However, efforts in managing fishing labor have not proceeded well because large parts of the income are directed to religious activities such as going on the Haj (Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca). The husband and wife generally work together, whether in farming or fishing. Typically, fishing involves the whole family. Usually the father and sons catch the fish, and the mother and daughters later process the catch.
The Larike-Wakasihu are Muslims
Malay Ambomese 200.000 Christian
Population total all countries: 245,020. Central Maluku, Ambon, Haruku, Nusa Laut, Saparua Islands, along the coastal areas of Seram, and south Maluku. Also in Netherlands, United States. Alternate names: Ambonese, Ambong, Malayu Ambon. Dialects: Dobo Malay. Marginal intelligibility with Indonesian [ind]. Difficult intelligibility with Ternate Malay [max]; speakers switch to Indonesian. Lexical similarity: 81% with Standard Malay [zsm].
Seit-Kaitetu 10.200 Islam
Ambon Island north coast, Seit (Seith) and Kaitetu villages. Alternate names: Hila-Kaitetu. Dialects: Seit (Seith), Kaitetu. Lexical similarity: 85% between Kaitetu and Seit dialects. Lexical similarity: 78%–82% with Asilulu [asl], 67%–74% with Tulehu [tlu].
The Seit-Kaitetu live on the north coast of the island of Ambon in the adjacent villages of Seit and Kaitetu in the district of Leihitu, Central Maluku Regency, Maluku Province. The provinces of North Maluku and Maluku were created from the province of Maluku in 1999. The villages of Seit and Kaitetu have electricity and can be reached by road. Transportation to the Seit-Kaitetu area is available both by land and by sea. General transportation is available several times a day to the city of Ambon.Two dialects are spoken, Seit and Kaitetu. The village of Kaitetu is the site of the oldest mesjid (mosque) on Ambon, built in 1414. The neighboring village of Hila was the site of the oldest church on Ambon, built in 1780. Unfortunately, recent ethnic, social and religious conflict resulted in the destruction of the church.
The socio-cultural and economic life of the Seit-Kaitetu is very similar to villages around them, generally well ordered and well regulated. The Seit-Kaitetu people derive their income primarily from farming and fishing. Crops include sago, clove, nutmeg, and coffee. Before going to sea, the fishermen will first pray to God for blessings and protection. The fish they catch are used for daily needs, and the excess is sold. Some of the fish most commonly caught include cakalang, tangiri, momar, silapa, lalosi, and kawalinya. From the villages of Luhu, Iha-Kulur, and Asilulu, the catch is primarily sold to Hitu and Ambon.To supplement their income, the Seit-Kaitetu sometimes obtain and shape animal materials such as eggshells or clamshells to make brooches, outfits, and women’s jewelry. They also are used to make wall decorations and souvenirs of various sizes and shapes.
Most Seit-Kaitetu adhere to Islam.
Tulehu 18.800 Islam
Ambon Island, northeast coast. 4 villages. Alternate names: Northeast Ambon. Dialects: Tulehu, Liang, Tengah-Tengah, Tial. Each dialect is in a separate village. Eastern end of Ambon dialect chain. Lexical similarity: 84%–90% among dialects, 74% to 82% with Hitu [htu], 72%–76% with Haruku [hrk].

Haruku Island

Haruku 18.200 Islam
Central Maluku, Haruku, ambon, moluccas, tribes, sukuLease Islands, Haruku Island. Dialects: Hulaliu, Pelauw, Kailolo, Rohomoni. Each village uses a separate dialect. Lexical similarity: 81%–92% among dialects, 74%–76% with Tulehu [tlu], 67%–71% with Saparua [spr].

Saparua Island

Saparua 10.200 Islam Christian
Lease Islands, Saparua Island, Kulur, Iha, Siri-Sori villages; Seram Island, Iha, Kulur, Latu, Hualoy, Tomalehu villages; also Kairatu village. Dialects: Kulur, Iha-Saparua, Iha-Seram, Siri-Sori. Each village is a dialect. Lexical similarity: 86%–89% among dialects; 82%–84% with Latu [ltu], 69% with Amahai [amq], 67% with Kamarian [kzk], 68%–71% with Haruku [hrk], 65% with Kaibobo [kzb], 62%–66% with Tulehu [tlu], 54%–62% with Luhu [lcq], 49% with Piru [ppr], 54% with Naka’ela [nae].
The majority of Saparua seem to be Christian although official statistics say it is evenly divided between Muslims and Christians
During the recent conflict in this region of Indonesia it is believed th ambon, moluccas, tribes, Saparua , sukuat outsiders from other Indonesian provinces or other countries instigated the Christian / Muslim war; conservatively over 6000 people were murdered for their faith. There are some horrendous stories of the death and destruction inflicted on these gentle and caring people. The life expectancy of a Saparua is very low. A Saparua person over 40 years who dies is considered to have had an adequate life term.
Saparua children do not have adequate education facilities. Their school equipment is a blackboard (sometimes) and maybe a desk and chairs. Not a single computer is present in most schools. The teachers have very little training. The lack of education keeps the Saparua repressed. Malnutrition is another problem for the children. They have weeping infected sores on their bodies that are something like what we call boils. The great need is for these children is oranges and other fruit on a regular basis along with milk and meat. Their diet is mostly a starch from the sago palm and a little fish.
The majority of Saparua seem to be Christian although official statistics say it is evenly divided between Muslims and Christians. Although exceptionally poor, their churches are brimming over with enthusiastic worshipers. Their idea of a party is a prayer meeting or special worship. Their music more often than not is Christian music that they have written and of exceptional quality. Every important occasion is marked by prayer, every time family or friends depart on a journey it is marked by prayer etc. Their Bibles will be purchased before food for their family and what little money they have is put into the collection plate. They are a shining example to others in Western countries who worship without fear or prejudice but take their right to practice their faith for granted and often treat this ‘right’ with contempt, for in this country of Muslim Indonesia it is very difficult for Christians.

Historical Buildings


Ambon, Historical Buildings

Ambon, Historical Buildings

Waterpoort-van-het-fort-Nieuw-Victoria De Poort van het Fort Nieuw Victoria
Ambon, Historical Buildings Ambon, Historical Buildings
Bastion-Groningen-van-fort-Victori Kruitmagazijn-van-Fort-Nieuw-Victoria-met-boven-de-deur-de-stichtingssteen-uit-1766
Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen, societeit-De-Eendracht Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen
societeit-De-Eendracht Veranda-of-the-residency
Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen
residency-of-the-governor-of-Maluku residency-of-the-governor-of-Maluku
Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen
Chinese-temple house-in-which-Rumphius-lived
Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen Ambon, Historical Buildings, historishe gebouwen
Board-on-the-oldest-protestant-church Protestant Church

Banda Islands

=&0=& =&1=&

Tanimbar Islands Map

Tanimbar Islands

 The Tanimbar Islands, southwest of the Keis, have a distinct culture most similar to that found in Southwest Maluku and East Nusa Tenggara.
They remain a major centre for the production of traditional crafts like ikat cloth and carved wooden statues in Maluku, and also have their own forms of music and dance, though as usual, you will have to be lucky (or pay up) to experience these first hand. Cultural attractions apart, the Tanimbars also have their own distinct fauna, including 8 species of birds endemic to the archipelago, and the usual fine beaches.
Most of the above attractions can be found on the main island of Yamdena, which is also home to the regional capital Saumlaki. This is the most accessible of the islands, and the main focus of most visits. Of the other islands, Larat in the north, with its town of the same name is the most accessible one, and the only one to offer any facilities.