– West Kalimantan Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Golf, Map

West Kalimantan 

Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Golf, Map

Kalimantan west, kalimantan barat, pontianak, diamond, gold , mining, natural recources, nature reserves, plantations

 
West Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Barat often abbreviated to Kalbar) is a province of Indonesia. It is one of four Indonesian provinces in Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of the island of Borneo. Its capital city Pontianak is located right on the Equator line.

The province has an area of 146,807 km² with a recorded 2000 census population of 3,750,795, an official intercensal estimate is 4,118,225 for 2006.[2] Major ethnic groups include the Dayak, Malay, Chinese, which make up about 90% of the total population. The rest are Javanese, Bugis, Madurese, and other ethnicities.

The borders of West Kalimantan roughly trace the mountain ranges surrounding the watershed of the Kapuas River, which drains most of the province. West Kalimantan is subdivided into two urban cities (kota) and ten rural regencies (kabupaten). The cities are Pontianak and Singkawang; the regencies are Sambas, Bengkayang, Pontianak, Ketapang, Landak, Sanggau, Sekadau, Sintang, Melawi , Kapuas Hulu, and the youngest regencies Kayong Utara and Kubu Raya. About 29 percent of the population lives in the Pontianak area.

 

Mining

Mine Companies

Ibu prospect
Kapuas River
Remaja-Hitam (Edo-Remaja)
West Kalimantan Uranium District
 

Golf Courses

Khatulistiwa Golf Course

Pontianak

Address:Jl Siantan
Pontianak – West Kalimantan
Phone:(0561) 883 772
 

Proposed World Heritage

Betung Kerihun National Park
(Transborder Rainforest Heritage of Borneo)

nature reserve, Betung Kerihun National Park

Date of Submission: 02/02/2004
Criteria: (viii)(ix)(x)
Category: Natural
Submission prepared by:
Coordinating Minister of People’s Welfare
Coordinates:
0°40′-1°35′ N / 112°15′-114°10′ E
Ref.: 1871
Description

a. Physical features

Betung Kerihun National Park located in Sub district of Embaloh Hulu, Embaloh Hilir and Putussibau, District of Kapuas Hulu, Province of West Kalimantan. BKNP covers an area of 800,000 Ha. The Park is approximately 27.60% of the total area of Kapuas Hulu District,

around 40% of the total protected area in the district, or 5.5% of the total area of Kalimantan Barat Province (14,807,700 Ha).

In general, the climate in BKNP exhibits a very high rainfall, being the typical of wet inland Kalimantan. The average annual rainfall is around 2,863 to 5,517 mm, and the number of rainy days is between 120 and 309 per year. Drier months occur between June and September with approximately 100 mm rainfall per month. The driest year happened in 1976 with annual rainfall of 2,863 mm and 120 rainy days during the year, while the wettest year occurred in 1988 with up to 5,517 mm rainfall and 184 rainy days during the year. On the whole, the Park belongs to type A (wet) in Schmidt and Ferguson classification, with Q=2.6%.

The topography of BKNP is mainly hilly and mountainous, with altitude ranging from 150 to 2,000 m asl. The largest part of the Park is located at altitude between 200 and 500 m asl (38%). followed by altitude between 500 and 700 m asl (28.14%), between 700 and 1,000 m asl (15.90), between 1,000 and 1,500 m (11.19%), less than 200 m asl (5.34%), and up than
1,500 m asl (0.92%). With its mountains and hills, the Park is characterized by steep slopes (45% and up) in up to 61.15% of its area. Moderate slopes (25-45%) occur in around 33.08% of the Park area, while slopes of less than 25% occur in 5.77% of the Park area.
BKNP area has at least 179 peaks, consisting of 65 peaks in the Embaloh watershed, 36 in the Sibau-Menjakan watershed, 26 in the Mendalam watershed, and 52 in the Hulu Kapuas/Koheng/Bungan watershed. Prominent peaks in the Embaloh watershed are Mt. Betting (1,150 m asl) and Mt. Condong (1,240 m asl); in the Sibau-Menjakan watershed, Mt. Lawit (1,770 m asl); in the Kapuas/Koheng, Mt. Jemuki (1,375 m asl) and Mt. Cemaru (1,118 m asl); in the Bungan watershed, Mt. Kerihun (1,790 m asl) and Mt. Dayang (1,645 m asl).
The hydrology of BKNP is characterized by hundreds of streams and big rivers which form the Kapuas watersheds. Kapuas watersheds cover 9,874,910 Ha or around 67% of Kalimantan Barat Province area (14,680,700 Ha). On the whole, Kapuas watershed can be divided into five smaller sub-watersheds, namely Embaloh in the west area of the Park, Sibau-Menjakan and Mendalarn in the middle area, and Hulu Kapuas/Koheng and Bungan in the eastern area. Key rivers are Embaloh River (95 km long), Sibau River (25 km), Menjakan River (65 km), Mendalam River (30 Km), Hulu Kapuas/Koheng (100 km), and Bungan River (50 km)

The soil types of BKNP are varied. Organosol and decomposed Glei soils are dispersed in the Embaloh upriver sub-district. Alluvial soils occur in the Mendalam River areas, Sibau and Embaloh Rivers, while podzolic yellow-red, and complex podzolic yellow-red and latosol, which dominate the Park areas are identified are found in Puttusibau and in the Embaloh upriver sub-district.

b. Biological features b.1. Flora

Borneo, the richest of the Sunda islands floristically both in terms of total species richness and diversity (MacKinnon et al., 1996), has a flora richness which includes both Asian and Australian elements. In BKNP, the Asian element is generally seen in the lowland forest up to the lower montane forest. Meanwhile, the upper montane is generally inhabited by species of Australasian families, such as Leptospermum, Phyllocladus and Styphelia (Steenis, 1972).

The vegetation and floristic composition in BKNP can generally be divided into the following types:

1) Lowland dipterocarp forest
2) Alluvial forest
3) Swamp forest.
4) Old secondary forest
5) Hill dipterocarp forest
6) Limestone forest
7) Sub-montane forest 8) Montane forest

On the whole, the 8 forest ecosystems of BKNP harbor at least 1,254 flora species. The family of Dipterocarpaceae has the most species of all flora families of BKNP (120 of a total 267 dipterocarp species found in Borneo). Other families having many species in BKNP include Euphorbiaceae (99 species), Myrtaceae (66), Annonaceae (38), Myristicaceae (31), and Burseraceae (21). Flora richness of BKNP also includes a large variety of orchid species. At ]least 97 species have been identified in the Park. Another flora richness of BKNP is its palm species. At least 49 species of palm have been identified in the Park area. Meanwhile, 133 species of bryophyte under 3 classes have been identified in BKNP (Sujadmiko, 1999). Nineteen families and 65 species of bryophyte belong to Hepaticopsidae, 1 family and 2 species belong to Anthocerotopsidae, whereas 19 families and 66 species belong to Bryopsidae.

b.2. Fauna
Like Borneo’ fauna in general, BKNP’s rich fauna is characteristically Asian in origin. It shares most of its fauna with the Asian mainland and the other Sunda islands, but shares few species with Sulawesi and the eastern islands which have a somewhat different faunal composition.

The Park harbors not least than 652 fauna species. Of them, at least 54 are mammal species. Mammal species of BKNP also includes 8 primate species, namely Pongo pygmaeus, Hylobates muelleri, Presbytis frontata, P. rubicunda, Macaca nemestrina, M. fascicularis, Nycticebus coucang and Tarsius bancanus. The distribution of Pongo pygmaeus, one of the two species of orangutan found in Indonesia is interestingly concentrated in the western part of BKNP area, especially in Embaloh Watershed, which border Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary (LEWS) of Sarawak, Malaysia. Therefore, the establishment of BKNP-LEWS Biodiversity Conservation Area is considered very relevant for the conservation of Orangutan. Seventeen species of bats and 17 species of rodent, including Cheiromeles torquatus, which has been declared extinct in Java, are also members of the mammal diversity of the Park.

The Park harbors high herpetofauna diversity. At least 112 species, comprising 59 species of amphibian, 25 species of reptilia, 24 species of squamata, and 4 species of testudinata, have been identified in BKNP. Meanwhile, the Park provides habitats for 300 species of bird. The dominant species belong to family names of Muscicapidae, Pycnonotidae, and Timaliidae. Twenty five species are Bornean endemics and 6 species are newly found species to Indonesia. The fish diversity of BKNP is also high. At least 186 species of fresh¬water fish have been identified. Thirteen fish species have been identified endemic to Borneo. Finally, insect diversity of BKNP is interesting. At least 170 insects have been identified in the Park.

Justification of Outstanding Universal Values

Betung Kerihun National Park (BKNP) is located at the headwaters of the Kapuas River in the far interior of Kalimantan Barat (;Western Kalimantan) Province. The site covers an area of 800,000 Ha and borders the 200,000 Ha Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary (LEWS) in Sarawak, Malaysia. Together the two protected areas form one of the first trans-border parks in Southeast Asia.

The topography of BKNP area ranges from lowland elevations at about 200 m asl to mountains almost 2,000 m asl high. At such the site serves as an important water catchments area. Three out of Borneo’s great rivers, the Rejang and Lupar River in Sarawak, Malaysia, and the Kapuas River in Kalimantan, Indonesia, have their origins here. Meanwhile, the Park’s eight types of forest ecosystems, ranging from lowland dipterocarp forest, alluvial forest, swamp forest, old secondary forest, hill dipterocarp forest, limestone forest, sub-montane forest, to montane forest, provide habitats for the valuable Bornean biodiversity.

Initial surveys have discovered thousands of species of flora and fauna, including 67 threatened flora species and 81 threatened fauna species under the 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Threatened flora species under the list include Dipterocarpus cornutus (CR), Dipterocarpus gracilis (CR), and Dipterocarpus grandiflorus (CR), and threatened fauna species include the orangutan Pongo pygmaeus (EN) and False Gavial Tomistoma schlegelii (EN). The surveys also reveal Bornean endemic species, such as Muntiacus atherodes, Presbytis frontata, Presbytis rubicunda and Reithrosciurus macrotis.

Forests of BKNP are also important for indigenous inhabitants of the region, a variety of Dayak tribes who live from hunting, collecting non-timber forest products and subsistence farming based on a pattern of shifting cultivation.

more info  Betung Kerihun National Park

     

– West Kalimantan National Parks Nature Reserves Map

– West Kalimantan National Parks Nature Reserves Map

West  Kalimantan National Parks, nature reserves, West  Kalimantan, kalimantan barat, Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam,  Wildlife Reserve, Suaka Margasatwa,  Hunting Game Reserve , Taman Buru,  Grand Forest Park, Taman Hutan Raya,  Nature and Recreation Park, Taman Wisata Alam,

4 National Parks

Baka-Bukit-Raya-National-Park
Betung-Kerihun-National-Park
Danau-Sentarum-National-Park
Gunung-Palung-National-Park

2 Nature Reserves

Gunung Niut Penrisen Wildlife Reserve
Mandor Nature Reserve

24 Proposed Nature Reserves

Gunung Asuansang Nature Recreation Park
Baning Nature Recreation Park
Belimbing Nature Recreation Park
Bukit Melintang Nature Recreation Park
Bukit Perai Protection Forest
Bukit Rongga Protection Forest
Gunung Dungan Nature Recreation Park
Gunung Kelam Nature Recreation Park
Gunung Niut Penrisen Nature Reserve
Gunung Raya Pasi Nature Reserve
Gunung Tunggal Protection Forest
Hutan Sambas Nature Reserve
Karimata Nature Reserve
Lahan Basah Sungai Jelai
Lo Pat Fun Pi Nature Reserve
Muara Kendawangan Nature Reserve
Paloh Nature Reserve
Rawa Rawa Kubu Padang Tikar
Sungai Kumai and Kumai Bay
Sungai Liku Nature Recreation Park
Tanjung Keluang Recreation Park
Tanjung Penghujan Other Area

West Kalimantan Gunung-Palung-National-Park, Fish, Reptiles

Gunung-Palung-National-Park, 

3 Reptiles and 1 Fish

Tomistoma schlegelii,
Malayan gharial,
Buaya Sinyulong

Varanus salvator,
Water Monitor,
Alu

Python reticulatus,
Reticulated Python,
Piton biasa

Scleropages formosus
Asian bony tongue
Siluk

West Kalimantan, Betung-Kerihun-National-Park Map

West Kalimantan

Betung Kerihun National-Park

Betung Kerihun, Betung Kerihun National-Park, Park Nasional

 

Betung Kerihun National Park (previously Bentuang Karimun) is a national park in the province of West Kalimantan on the island of Borneo, Indonesia. It is located inland, along the Malaysian border. The park was established in 1995, and has a total area of 8,000 km² (3,100 sq mi). Together with the 2,000 km² (800 sq mi) Lanjak Entimau Wildlife Sanctuary in Malaysia, it has been proposed to form a World Heritage Site named the “Transborder Rainforest Heritage of Borneo”.

West Kalimantan, Belimbing Nature Recreation Park

West Kalimantan

Belimbing Nature Recreation Park

Belimbing

(Surat Keputusan) Menhutbun No. 259/Kpts-II/2000, 23 Agustus 2000. Luas areal 1.374 hektar.
TANJUNG PARK NATURE TOUR STAR FRUIT
Cape Nature Park Carambola appointed by Provincial Spatial Plan (RTRWP) West Kalimantan in 1995 with an area of 810.30 ha. Further emphasized by the passing of the decree. Menhut No. 259/Kpts-II/2000 dated August 23, 2000. Management and development facilities seintensif yet another area that was first administered.
Based on Field Survey in 1998, there were 31 types of families Aves and one of them is Punai Imbuk (Chocohap indica) which is a new type of record (New Record) for West Kalimantan. According to the local Public Information mammal species that can be found in this area quite a lot of these kinds of mammals proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus) and the Long Tail Macaque (Macaca fascicularis).
Fauna species seed in the region is the type of turtle. One who has been breeding species is the Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas). For other species of reptiles are turtles Ridel / Ridley (Lepidochelys olivacea), Hawksbill Turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea), Tuntong (Batagur baska) and Crocodile estuary (crocodilus porosus) and the Monitor lizard (Varanus salvator).
Objects that can be developed in this area as a tourist attraction is the panoramic beauty of the beach and several kinds of wild animals.
Aksessibilitas
– Pontianak – Paloh ………. Public bus ………….. 8 hours
– Paloh – Regions ………. Ketinting ………………… 0.5 hours
PENGELOLA
Balai KSDA West Kalimantan
Jln Ahmad Yano No. 121 Pontianak
Ph. 0561-735635, 760949
Fax 0561-747004

 

West Kalimantan, Illegal Mining Kalimantan and Sulawesi

Illegal Mining Has Reached Unprecedented Levels

Illegal-Mining

Illegal mining has reached unprecedented levels, harming legitimate
companies and putting the economy and environment at risk
——————————————————————————–
By John McBeth/SOUTH KALIMANTAN and NORTH SULAWESI
Issue cover-dated July 13, 2000
——————————————————————————–

THEY COME EQUIPPED with scores of excavators and more than 500 trucks.
Their backers have wealth and influence. They have been known to cajole
and threaten. Over the past two years they have taken illegal mining to an
unprecedented level, pillaging three million tonnes of coal alone from the
two South Kalimantan concessions run by Australian mining company Broken
Hill Proprietary. BHP is the biggest but by no means only victim of a
phenomenon that has swept Indonesia since the economy nose-dived three
years ago. The government estimates there are 62,000 illegal miners across
the country, twice the number working legally. Mines and Energy Minister
Bambang Yudhoyono told parliament recently that annual losses amounted to
30 tonnes of gold, four million tonnes of coal, 2,800 carats of diamonds
and 3,600 tonnes of tin concentrate. Even without tax and royalties, the
export value is more than $150 million.

Government officials are frank about the problem. They acknowledge that
miners are being funded or backed by local and regional financiers,
military officials, bureaucrats and other powerful interests–and
supported by a network of international buyers. Organized illegal
operations are meanwhile being passed off as “indigenous mining,”
providing a veneer of legitimacy that distracted environmental activists
are willing to accept. Meanwhile, Jakarta seems unable to act against
newly emboldened regional power-holders who collude with the illegal
operators and criticize central government for siding with foreign mining
companies. As with illegal logging, which costs Indonesia $2 billion in
lost revenue a year, the benefits are shared by a few.

These developments bode ill for the spread of local autonomy.
Short-sighted provincial officials scrambling to line their own pockets
ignore the damage to the economy and environment of their provinces. “The
political and bureaucratic elite join together with the private elite;
they get power and they can do what they like,” says the government’s
director-general for mines, Surna Djajadiningrat.

State-owned mining businesses are also affected. In West Sumatra,
coal-miner Bukit Assam recently expelled thousands of industrially
equipped miners from its Ombilin mine. In West Java, Aneka Tambang says it
has whittled down the number of illegals at its Pongkor gold mine to
1,000. On Bangka and Belitung islands, off Sumatra’s southeast coast, tin
giant Tambang Timah has a different problem: Singaporean buyers, working
for Malaysian smelters, try to undercut the prices the company pays to its
300 contractors.

Elsewhere, authorities in Central Kalimantan have finally cleared illegal
miners from Aurora Gold’s Mount Muro mine–two months after President
Abdurrahman Wahid issued a decree instructing officials to deal with
illicit mining “in a functional and comprehensive manner.” But another
5,000 miners and migrant ancillary workers still occupy the company’s
promising gold deposit east of the North Sulawesi capital of Manado. Until
the local administration expels them, the mine can’t open, executives say.

Government officials, industry experts and researchers agree that illicit
mining is most serious in South Kalimantan, where it involves official
connivance in everything from the falsification of documents to the
protection and sanctioning of the mining and transport of coal.
Researchers say some of the excavators and trucks come from former
President Suharto’s failed $3 billion rice-growing project in Central
Kalimantan. Other equipment belongs to the regional government or to
scores of small-time construction contractors whose businesses have been
left idle by the economic crisis.

Along the banks of the Barito River, where it flows through the
canal-laced South Kalimantan provincial capital of Banjarmasin, mounds of
illegally mined coal lie on giant 5,000-tonne barges and in dockside
stockpiles. Coal looted from BHP’s Satui and Senakin pits is shipped out
from Sangai Danau on the eastern coast, and even through a state-owned
port lying next to BHP’s Pulau Laut coal terminal. Barges lug the coal to
South Sulawesi and Java, or transfer it to ships anchored off the coast
for delivery to overseas markets.

Officials and experts say the illegal operators use falsified quality and
export documents from firms that own barren concessions far away from
where the coal is actually mined. Some companies engaged in the illegal
trade hold permits that allow them to sell only bulk samples–which in
some cases are as big as 100,000 tonnes. Many firms are licensed for
exploration, not exploitation.

There’s no way to stop it,” sighs Satui mine boss Sumarwoto, unfolding a
map showing 81 illegal mining sites along the remaining half of BHP’s
14-kilometre coal seam. “Everybody shifts responsibility to someone else.
We have enough regulations, but not enough enforcement.” Not only has the
expected life of the Satui mine been slashed by five years but also the
illegal operators are damaging the environment. And they play havoc with
the mine by stripping off the top 10 metres of coal–the only part their
equipment can reach–and leaving the hole to fill up with water.

India, Malaysia, Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines are the main overseas
markets, accounting for about 80% of the illegal coal, which sells for as
much as $8 less than the market price of $19 to $20 a tonne. Domestic
customers include state enterprises, as well as dozens of private
companies. Surna, the mines director-general, says he has written to the
state-owned Paiton power plant and a South Sulawesi cement factory warning
them not to use illegally mined coal. But he and others acknowledge that
because of falsified papers, firms aren’t always aware of the origins of
the coal they buy.

New to the job, Surna is candid in acknowledging the role of the
cash-strapped Indonesian military. He recalls being telephoned by
three-star generals asking him to go easy on this or that company.
Sometimes callers warn him to be careful. “I ask them to come to my office
to talk to me face to face, but they never come,” he says.

Researchers from the privately funded National Academy of Technical
Development say individual military officers protect the enterprises
rather than get directly involved. They trace the history of the problem
back to the mid-1990s, when illegal miners forced Taiwanese firm Chung Hwa
off its deposit near Binuang, across the Meratus mountains from Satui.
When that mine started to run out, operations moved into BHP’s area and
later accelerated.

Thus far there are no answers to the problem. President Wahid’s decree
calls on the police chief and attorney-general to take “stern legal
action” against anyone involved in illegal mining–“both government
apparatus and community members.” But it also seeks to recognize the
rights of indigenous miners and calls on legal mining firms to provide
more help to local communities. In South Kalimantan and other areas,
however, the hard part is going to be cutting the umbilical cord between
the miners and their influential backers.

——————————————————————————–

Mercury Timebomb

By John McBeth/TALAWAAN, NORTH SULAWESI

An ecological disaster looms over North Sulawesi’s Minahasa Peninsula.
Rampant illegal gold mining is pouring hundreds of tonnes of mercury into
the environment. The deadly flow threatens to undermine the economy,
contaminate food crops and leave a horrifying health problem for future
generations.

Driven by populism and greed, local officials either turn a blind eye to
the problem or play an active part in its making. Researchers have
identified a police officer as the owner of one of hundreds of crude
mills, or trommels, that use mercury to separate gold from ore.

The head of the government’s North Sulawesi environmental bureau merely
distributes posters showing how to handle mercury, which attacks the
central nervous system and causes appalling genetic disorders. Preoccupied
with foreign mining firms, Walhi, the country’s largest environmental
group, pays scant attention to the issue. The one organization that does,
tiny Manado-based Yayasan Bina Cipta AquaTech, puts the number of illegal
miners in North Sulawesi at 22,000, spread over five or six different
sites. Among them are 1,500 working on Australian mining company Aurora
Gold’s Talawaan gold concession, where more than 100 trommels are in
operation. Samples from the Talawaan River–used by residents for domestic
purposes and fish-ponds–show mercury levels 70 times higher than the
internationally accepted limit for drinking water.

YBCA co-director Inneke Rumengan says miners complain of trembling and
stomach and head pains: “They know the mercury is bad for them, but they
don’t know how bad.” Robert Lee, of the overseas-based Wildlife
Conservation Society, says miners in parts of the Bone Dumogg National
Park are letting mercury-tainted water seep into the Gorantalo city
catchment area.

According to the Bureau of Statistics, mercury imports reached 62 tonnes
last year, up from five tonnes in 1996. But people familiar with mining
and environmental issues say illegal mining consumes as much as 200 tonnes
of mercury annually in Talawaan alone.

That compares with the 60 tonnes of methyl mercury dumped between 1920 and
the mid-1960s in Minamata, Japan, scene of the world’s worst case of
mercury contamination. Methyl mercury is more easily absorbed than
metallic mercury, but the effects are the same, particularly if trommel
operators breath in the toxic fumes during the final burn-off. Says a
metallurgist: “They simply have no idea how dangerous that is.”

Miners get little reward for their huge risks. They use mercury during
initial crushing to extract about 35% of the gold from each 20-kilogram
load of ore. When the miner has gone, the trommel owner draws out the
rest.

—– End of forwarded message from Nabiha Zain Muhamad —–

— NEW OFFER: Lifetime _email_ subscription to any 1 (one) of the 5
(five) ‘apakabar’ lists now available for a one-time donation of US$50 to
support Indonesia Publications’ online projects. Email apakabar@radix.net
to make all arrangements. See http://www.indopubs.com for info on these
lists. —

 

West Kalimantan, Bentuang Karimun Nature reserve

West Kalimantan

Bentuang Karimun Nature reserve

Appointed by the Minister of National Forestry in 1995 with an area of -ª 800,000 hectares. Is administratively located in the District government and the District Embaloh Putussibau Hulu, Kabupaten Kapuas Hulu, West Kalimantan Province.

Flora and Fauna
Ecosystems and specificity varied topographic conditions provide an opportunity for the region varied types of plant life. Plant life in some types of ecosystems.

In the forest ecosystem types dominated by Lower Mainland of family types such as Tengkawang Tungkul Dipterocarpaceae (Shorea sp). Other types such as Dyera costulata (Dyera costulata), Pulai (Alstonia scholaris) and Belian (Eusideroxylon zwageri). Of the family Palmae found species of Bamboo (Bambusa spp), Rotan (Calamus sp) and Aren (Arenga pinata).

Mainland vegetation types are still dominated by the kinds of family Dippterocarpaceae like Meranti (Shorea sp), Resak (Vatica sp) and Kapur (Driyobalanops sp). Another type of change (Syigium sp), Medang (Litsea sp), Bintangor (Callophylum inofilum) and bird Durian (Durian carinatus).

In the High Plains vegetation type still covered various types of meranti. Other types typical of this vegetation type is the type of Pine Mountain (Casuarina junghuniana) and Change of thousands (Syzigium sp). Obvious difference in this vegetation type is the emergence of the moss-green moss on each plant stem. At Mountain Peak vegetation types, the smaller size of plants and moss-green moss clinging to the thick bark. Among other types of Pine Mountain (Casuarina junghuniana), Pandan (Pandanus sp), Rotan (Calamus sp) and a wide range of Nepenthes species (Nephentes sp).

Creatures

Dominating species and most often seen in the region is a type of Primates (monkeys) such as orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), Kelempiau (Hylobathes moloch) and long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis). Other Mammals types often seen in them bear (Helarctos malayanus), deer (Cervus unicolor) and Pelanduk (Tragulus Napu). Bird species most prominent in this region are different types of Helmeted (Bucerotidae), including the type of Helmeted Hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) who became the mascot of West Kalimantan fauna.

Regions Bentuang Karimun National Park is located in Kapuas Hulu, West Kalimantan Proppinsi. Administratively located in the District and District Embaloh Putussibau Hulu. Determination as a National Park area by the Minister of Forestry Decree No. 467/Kpts-II/1995, with the geographical position between 0 -ª 33 ‘- 1 -ª 33’ N and 112 -ª 10 ‘- 114 -ª 20’ E.

River Sibau

Northern region bordering Sarawak (Malasyia), south of the border with Lanjak District, bordering eastern Lanjak Entimau Nature Reserve in Sarawak (Malasyia) and bordering the western side of East Kalimantan. The area -ª 800,000 ha.

Sub Center Natural Resources Conservation West Kalimantan in 1996/1997, started to develop this area as a National Park area through the Conservation Area Development Project of West Kalimantan.

How to reach the location:

From Pontianak to Putussibau by road (-ª 11 hours) or by airplane (-ª 2.5 hours). From Putussibau scour S. Kapuas, S. Sibau and S. Menyakan for -ª 8 hours with a semi-long boat or from Putussibau scour S. Kapuas and S. Hulu Embaloh for -ª 3 hours by speed boat, then continued with Klotok to Embaloh Hulu (Continental Village Martin) for -ª 2 days.

Potential Area:

Most of the state of hilly topography which is a stretch of the connecting Muller Mountains and Kerihun Betung (bentuang Karimun) and as a barrier between the area of Indonesia with Malaysia Sarawak. In September 1997 joint expedition conducted between Indonesia – Malaysia (for 6 weeks).

From the foothills of the foot-Muller flowing small rivers that make up a large watershed such as the Kapuas river basin, watershed Sibau, deep basin, river basin and watershed Embaloh relationship. The only way to get to Karimun Bentuang TN area only through these rivers.

Forest ecosystem is lowland to upland plant species diversity has, among others in the family Dipterocarpaceae, Dyera costulata (Dyera costulata), Pulai (Alstonia scholaris), Belian (Eusideroxylon zwageri), Pelawan (Tristania sp), Pine Mountain, Pandan and Eaglewood ( Aqularia malacensis).
While the existing fauna in Karimun Bentuang TN include elk (Cervus unicolor), orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus), Kelempiau (Hylobates moloch), long-tailed monkey (Macaca fascicularis) and bird species that is most prominent hornbill (Bucerotidae sp.) Helmeted ivory became the mascot of West Kalimantan fauna.

Activities offered:

* Along the rivers and through the rapids along the S. Sibau, Embaloh and Kapuas up to Mahakam while enjoying the beauty of nature and animals.
* Hiking and hunting photos and cliff / cavern.
* Tour culture of Dayak Iban tribe, Parks and Bukat.

Facilities are available:

Guardhouse, Klotok.

Other Information:

* TN Bentuang Karimun is one of the Transfrontier Parks Lanjak Entimau (Malaysia).
* We recommend that you bring supplies / equipment for adventure activities in the wild and during the trip are encouraged to use “sun block”.

Address: Jl. Abdurrahman Saleh No. 33
Pontianak, West Kalimantan
Tel. (0561) 34613

West Kalimantan, Gunung Dungan Nature Recreation Park

Gunung Dungan Nature Recreation Park

(Surat Keputusan) Menhutbun No. 259/Kpts-II/2000, 23 Agustus 2000. Luas areal 1.073 hektar. Sambas
MOUNTAIN NATURE PARK TOUR content
Designation of areas based on the Spatial Plan of West Kalimantan Province in 1995, with an area 1142 ha. And punctuated with SK. Menhut No. 259/Kpts-II/2000 dated August 23, 2000.
Mountain Nature Park is geographically located content on the 1 -ª 47’0 “- 1 -ª 50’0” N and 109 -ª 31’0 “- 109 -ª 32’0” BT.
Some authors ecosystem these areas include riparian ecosystems, Heath and peat swamp forests.
Vegetation mainly dominated by family Bombaceae, family Anacardiaceae, Dipterocarpaceae family and other types of orchids such as Dendrobium anusnum and Apendiculata sp.Liparis latifolia, Pholidota Scortechinii sp and sp.
While other types of fauna between Honey Bear (Helarctos malayanus), Long Tailed Monkey (Macaca fascicularis), Javan (Presbitys sp), Forest Pig (Sus barbatus) and the Monitor lizard (Varanus borneensis).
Aksessibilitas
– Pontianak – Paloh ………. Public bus ………….. 8 hours
– Paloh – Regions ………. Motorcycles ………… 2.5 hours
PENGELOLA
Balai KSDA West Kalimantan
Jln Ahmad Yano No. 121 Pontianak
Ph. 0561-735635, 760949
Fax 0561-747004

 

West Kalimantan, Gunung Raya Pasi Nature Reserve

Gunung Raya Pasi Nature Reserve

Longitude (DD) 109.04960628
Latitude (DD) 0.82298149
Designation Nature Reserve
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1978
IUCN Category Ia
Documented Total Area (ha) 3.700
GIS Total Area (ha) 5.324

GUNUNG RAYA Nature Reserve Pasi
Nature Reserve setting process begins Raya Pasi SK. Van Zelfbestuur Sambas
No. 39 Dutch Colonization Government on January 20, 1931 by
900 Ha area.
To confirm the appointment, issued the decree. Mentan No. 376/Kpts/Um-5/1978
dated May 20, 1978 to 3742 ha area, and then based on the Decree. Menhut No.
111/Kpts-II/1990 dated March 14, 1990, Gunung Raya Pasi defined as
Nature Reserve with an area of 3700 Ha.
Raya Pasi Nature Reserve is geographically located between 108 -ª 59’00 “- 109 -ª 07’40” BT
and 0 -ª 48’30 “- 0 -ª 59’00” N and the administration included in the City
Singkawang and Bengkayang, West Kalimantan Province.
Raya Pasi Nature Reserve is a range of hills with height bertvariasi
(15 to 947 m above sea level) and provides a beautiful panoramic view. Differences
altitude showed interesting changes in vegetation. Function
important Raya Pasi Nature Reserve protected area in addition, also has the function
to meet the water needs for residents and surrounding Singkawang.
Spasifik flora in this region are different kinds of orchids, flower Rafflesia (Rafflesia
master-mudae), Interest Law Belacan (Rhizanthes zippelii) and various other types.
While fauna encountered include Honey Bear (Herlactos malayanus),
Hedgehog (Hysterix branchyura) and pangolin (Manis javanica).
Climate: Type A —
Rainfall: 3100 mm / year
T a n a h: yellow red Podsolik.
Ecosystem Type: – Type of wet tropical rain.
PROCEDURES LIMIT A. Minimum length: 70 km 1. Structuring Limit: 70 km – Limit made: —
Sea boundary: – Limit the river: 2. Pal Limit: 213 pieces B. News Event: 1978.
Aksessibilitas
– Pontianak – Singkawang ………. Public bus ………….. 2.5 to 3 hours
– Singkawang – Regions ………. Public transportation ……….. 0.5 hours
PENGELOLA
Balai KSDA West Kalimantan
Jln Ahmad Yano No. 121 Pontianak
Ph. 0561-735635, 760949
Fax 0561-747004

 

West Kalimantan, Bukit Melintang Nature Recreation Park

Bukit Melintang Nature Recreation Park

(Surat Keputusan) Menhutbun No. 259/Kpts-II/2000, 23 Agustus 2000. Luas areal 17.605 hektar.
MOUNTAIN NATURE PARK TOUR MELINTANG
Designation of areas based on the Spatial Plan of West Kalimantan Province in 1995, with 17,640 ha area. And punctuated with SK. Menhut No. 259/Kpts-II/2000 dated August 23, 2000.
Mountain Nature Park Across geographically located at 1 -ª 38’0 “- 1 -ª 47’0” N and 109 -ª 20’0 “- 109 -ª 37’0” BT.
Ecosystem is the author area of peat swamp forest ecosystem with dense vegetation and small diameter. Primary vegetation only on hilltops and dominated by the Dipterocarpaceae family while on foot only secondary forest due to farming and logging.
Fauna that can be found among other monkeys (Macaca nemestrina), deer (Cervus unicolor), pangolin (Manis javanica) and the types of Helmeted (Bucerotidae).
Aksessibilitas
– Pontianak – Paloh ………. Public bus ………….. 8 hours
– Paloh – Regions ………. Motorcycles ………… 1.5 hours
PENGELOLA
Balai KSDA West Kalimantan
Jl. Achmad Yani No. 121
Pontianak P.O. BOX. 6264
Tel. / Fax. [0561] 747,004