West Kalimantan, Semangit Village, Kapuas Hulu

West Kalimantan, Semangit Village, Kapuas Hulu

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The district – Kabupaten – Kapuas Hulu is located in the heart of Borneo. or geographically, in the north-east of the province West-Kalimantan – Kalimantan Barat or commonly named KalBar. It has an area of almost 30.000 square kilometers, 20.3 % of the area of West-Kalimantan.  District capital is Putussibau. The Kabupaten owes its name from the River Kapuas, the longest river of Indonesia, while Hulu means upper river or headwater.

Kapuas Hulu bounded on the north by Sarawak, East Malaysia, by the province East Kalimantan (Kalimantan Timur or KalTim) on the northeast, by Central Kalimantan (Kalimantan Tengah or KalTeng) on the southeast and by Sintang, another Kabupaten of West Kalimantan, on the west-southwest.   With the Upper-Kapuas-Range, which stretches from the northwest to the northeast and the Muller-Range, where the Kapuas originates and which stretches from the northeast to the southwest, a large part of Kapuas Hulu consists of mountainous terrain, while the landscape becomes more flatten to the west of Putussibau.

There are two national parks located in Kapuas Hulu: the mighty Betung Kerihun, a mountainous area of 8000 sq km covered with dense forest and traversed by hundreds of rivers and the Danau Sentarum, a wetland forest area of 1320 sq km with a unique lake system, that may grow to a single water mass during rainy season, when the Kapuas overflows its banks and diverting most of its water to the lakes.  Yet the rich biodiversity is not limited to the parks only, but Kapuas Hulu offers rich fauna and flora outside of the parks as well.

Not only does the incredible nature make a visit of Kapuas Hulu worthwhile, but also the local population with their unique traditional customs, rituals and  ceremonies as well as with their traditional arts and crafts. The majority of the population consists of two major ethnic groups, the Dayak and Malayu.  Yet the members of both, the Dayak tribes and the Malayu live mostly in small villages along the many rivers where they preserve their cultural heritage, despite influences of globalization and foreign cultures. And if one is keen to visit or stay in a traditional longhouse, Kapuas Hulu is certainly the right place, as the majority of Kalimantan’s remaining longhouses if not even of entire Borneo are located in Kapuas Hulu.

Touristic infrastructure and respective facilities, though, are still not very well developed in Kapuas Hulu and one, in particular as an individual traveler, might find a visit of Kapuas Hulu difficult. But this is also a chance for a smooth development of ecotourism in line and together with the local people, while preserving the nature and unique cultural traditions and increasing economical welfare of local communities at the same time.  Development of ecotourism in Kapuas Hulu is still in progress, but a number of projects have been already successfully implemented, e.g. by WWF together with KOMPAKH. Nonetheless success also depends on visitors. In this regard we want to raise attention to Kapuas Hulu with its huge number of highlights and support visitors by providing necessary information according to their needs.

Kalimantan, pengerak village

Kalimantan, Pengerak village

pengerak-village

Special Interest is a typical custom home Kalimantan contained in various parts of Borneo, particularly in upstream areas that usually become the center of the Dayak tribe settlements

East kalimantan, bontang kuala village

East kalimantan, bontang kuala village

bontang-kuala-village-east-kalimantan

East Kalimantan (Indonesian: Kalimantan Timur abbrv. Kaltim) is the second largest Indonesian province, located on the Kalimantan region on the east of Borneo island. The resource-rich province has two major cities, Samarinda (the capital and a center for timber product) and Balikpapan (a petroleum center with oil refinery). Ever since Indonesia opened its mineral and natural resources for foreign investment in 1970s, East Kalimantan province has experienced major boost of timber, petroleum and other exotic forest products. The state-owned petroleum company Pertamina has been operating in the area since it took control oil refinery from the Royal Dutch Shell company in 1965.

The population is a mixture of people from the Indonesian archipelago with Dayaks and Kutai as indigenous ethnic groups living in rural areas. Other prominent migrant ethnic groups include Javanese, Chinese, Banjarese, Bugis and Malays, who mostly live in coastal areas.

Kalimantan Traditional Houses

Kalimantan Traditional Houses

Dayak-Traditional-Home-01

Dayak-Traditional-Home-02

Special Interest is a typical custom home Kalimantan contained in various parts of Borneo, particularly in upstream areas that usually become the center of the Dayak tribe settlements, where the river is a major transportation route for the Dayak tribe to perform a variety of mobility of everyday life like going to work to the fields where Dayak tribes fields are usually far from human settlements, or trade activities (the ancient Dayak tribes usually trade using a barter system that is by mutual exchange of fields, orchards and livestock).

Shape and large houses of this Special Interest varies in different places. There is a Special Interest house that reaches 150 meters long and 30 meters wide. Generally houses built in the form of Special Interest on the stage with a height of three to five feet off the ground. The high buildings of this Special Interest house I expect to avoid flooding during the rainy season which threatened areas upriver in Borneo. Some settlement units can have more than one home Special Interest fruit depends on the size of the household members of the residential community. Every household (family) occupies the chamber (room) that barriers of Special Interest big house is, in addition to the general Dayak tribe also has a home-built single homes temporarily to perform agricultural activities, this is because away the distance between the fields with the settlements.

More than a building for residential Dayak tribe, Special Interest house is actually the heart of the social structure of the Dayak people’s lives. Special Interest is a reflection of cultural unity in the daily life of the Dayak people. Special Interest in the house is every individual’s life in the household and the community were systematically arranged by mutual agreement set forth in customary law. Common security, both from the interruption of criminal or share food, the joys and sorrows as well as mobilization of manpower to work the fields. The main value that stands out in his home life is the value of togetherness Special Interest (communalism) among the citizens who inhabit it, regardless of the differences they have. From this we know that the Dayak tribe is a tribe that respects difference. Dayak tribes appreciate the differences of ethnic, religious or social background.

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

Dayak Longhouse

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

Dayak Animist Spirit House

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

Dayak Samarinda

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

Martapura-River-Banjarmasin

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

Sungai-Kelian

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

Tanjung-Issuy-East-Kalimantan

Kalimantan, Traditional Houses, dayak,

East Kalimantan Traditional Houses

Central Kalimantan
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