Telaga Warna, lake of colors

West Java, Telaga Warna, lake of colors


Talaga Warna or ‘the lake of colors’ is hemmed in by tea plantation and high peaks of West Java lush mountains. Changing colors at certain times, the lake is believed to possess supernatural power to heal unhealable diseases.. Legend has it that remains of the ancient kingdom of Kuta Tangeuhan can still be found at the bottom of the gleaming waters.

Lalay Caves Palabuhanratu

Lalay Caves Palabuhanratu



Lalay Cave, West Java – Indonesia

Take the ride of your life along a churning section of one of the West Java’s famous cave. You’ll find the great cave’s in West Java.

At sundown thousands of bats swarm out of the Cave Lalay Caves just east of the main village area. It’s an eerie sight from the edge of the car park to watch what seems an endless stream of small bats swirling out of the dark caves and up into the evening sky. Just before the fish harbor you can find a turning on the left, a road that goes to Cave Lalay about 4 km away from this point. You can see the sign “Small Bat Cave” on the left near the bank. The sign is visible when coming into town.

The natural beauty of West Java’s cave is what brings most people here first. For those whose return and those who live here, it is a treasure that never fades.

Location Cave Lalay close to tourist beaches Palabuhanratu this store unique range. A scientific visit ever undertaken at the site of this cave, exactly 7 November 1937, by a Dutch scientist. While Cave Lalay photo was first published in 1938 in a journal de Tropische Natuur.


Cukang Taneuh Caves of the Green Canyon Ciseureuh

Cukang Taneuh Caves of the Green Canyon Ciseureuh


Waterfall, Caves, River – Be Prepared to Get Wet

Visitors who don’t like the idea of getting wet should stay away from the Green Canyon because it’s only reachable on small boats that local guides operate out of Ciseureuh, a village located in Central Java. But even the water wary will have no trouble appreciating the beauty of the place. It’s actually a combination of a subterranean river, caves, and a lovely waterfall named Palatar. It’s situated at the entrance of the cave which is quite fun because it drenches everything and everyone that passes through it.

Grand Green Canyon

Cukang Taneuh actually refers to the rock formation that connects two plant covered hills whose walls really do remind travelers who have been to the United States of the Grand Canyon in Arizona. It measures about three meters wide and forty meters long thus forming some sort of an arc or tunnel. Some parts of the river have rapids which is ideal for adventure rafting. But for guests who just wish to immerse their bodies in the cool waters, there are several pools from which this can be done easily and safely. Kids are also allowed to join the excursion although they should be big enough to fit in a life vest.

A Challenging Task

Exploring the caves reveals stalagmites and stalactites which have formed over hundreds of years. For intrepid visitors, the challenge of getting up close with them should be both enticing and exciting. A word of caution though for those who think it would be an easy task – the entrance to the cave requires a bit of crawling and should never be tried without a guide.

Cukang Taneuh is located in Kertayasa Village in Cijulang District in West Java. It’s about forty-five minutes away from the famous Pangandaran Beach

Carita Nature Recreation Park

Carita Nature Recreation Park


Carita Nature Park covering 95 hectares is surrounded by forests and mountains, visitors usually use this as a tourist park flora, photo tour (natural beauty), camping, education as well as tours of water because there are few rivers and waterfalls are fairly clear water. Taman Wisata Alam Carita; activities such as fishing and boating or sunbathing on the beach . The Natural Area Park is located at Carita Pandeglang district of Banten, precisely in the Village Sukaraja kec. Labuan Kab. Pandeglang Prov. Banten. 95 Hectare

Getting There

To reach Carita take a bus from the Western bus station in Jakarta to either Labuan (overland route 3-4 hrs) or Merak (coastal route 2.5 hrs). These two towns are a short way south and north of Carita respectively. After arrival at the bus station simply charter an ojek (motorcycle-taxi 5000 Rp) or get in a bemo (mini-bus 1500 Rp).

Where to stay etc.

Good places to stay are the Sunset View, Black Rhino or Niguadarma hotels about 50 yards north of the park entrance on the main road. They’re all incredibly cheap and pleasant and the Niguadarma has a nice pool too. There’s an excellent restuarant next door with cold Bintang beer and football on the T.V. at the weekend for those Brits missing home. Several stalls sell Krating Daeng – an industrial strength version of the Red Bull drink and more akin to liquid speed – excellent for those early starts!

The site and the birds

As every visit produces a different birdlist I’ll just give you the bare bones on the specialities. Birding begins as soon as you leave the main road; the short road to the guard’s house skirts a few fields where you may see Javan Kingfisher, Swiftlets (very confusing as Mossy (dark rump), Edible (pale or quite dark rump) and two races of Black-nest – one with a dark rump (Lowe’s Swift) and one with a paler rump, occur in West Java so you’ll soon give up, and Nightjars (Savanna and Large-tailed) at dusk. An unmetalled track continues off to the left a short way after the guard house and passes through secondary forest on its way to the reserve entrance proper. This stretch is great for Banded Pitta – at times they call from all over the place but can be devilishly hard to see. The call is easily imitated and birds respond well. Grey-faced Tit-Babbler – a Javan endemic – can be encountered along here as can Fulvous-chested Jungle Flycatcher, Yellow-bellied Warbler, Rufous Piculet and a few species of flowerpecker incuding Plain. If you’re really lucky you may find an Orange-headed or Chestnut-capped Thrush. At several points along here you can look out across the Sunda Straits and you may get a good view of Krakatau. After about 1 km you reach the entrance post, usually manned but not always. The entrance fee is negligible and the guards here will often invite you to sit with them and share fruit or a coconut. This is a nice way to relax after a morning’s hot tropical birding.

Around here you can bash through trailside vegetation and get a good view of the valley sides. This is a good way to get views of flocks moving through the forest and you may also see barbets and leafbirds perched up and Grey-rumped Treeswifts in the valley. Raptors from here could include Cresrted Serpent Eagle, Oriental/Crested Honey Buzzard or even Javan Hawk Eagle if it’s your lucky day. It’s also possible to clamber down to the river and wade up to the waterfall (see later) giving you a different perspective on the area.

After the entrance post the condition of the forest improves and so does the birding. Note though that this track is at times very muddy and may be impassable after heavy floods. Treefalls are not uncommon here (I experienced a couple, rather too close for comfort) as the forest is on a steep slope and there seems to be a fair bit of erosion, so watch out! Never saw a leech though so there are some bonuses. This is the best area to find White-breasted Babbler, Crested Jay, Blue-eared and Black-banded Barbets, Velvet Nuthatch, Chestnut-breasted Malkoha, minivets, babblers, spiderhunters, bulbuls (including Grey-headed if you’re lucky) and others. I also saw a Leopard Cat and cubs, Ebony leaf monkeys and several snakes here.

After an hours walk the trail comes to an end at a waterfall. This area was nearly always full of schoolchildren camping and accordingly, very noisy. You will soon become the centre of attention and be called upon to sit for several photos. You’ll probably need a rest by this stage so why not? It’s possible to continue walking up the usually fairly dry river-bed for a few hundred metres and the forest here is exceptionally beautiful. Now you can turn around and have a leisurely walk back to town with a second chance to catch anything missed on the way up. It’s also possible to go night birding here and there’s a decent list of species. Regulars include Javan Frogmouth and Collared Scops Owl.

– West Java Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Map

West Java 

Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantations, Map

Click on the map to see a larger image !

java west,jawa barat, mining, natural recources, nature reserves, plantations


Car license numbers
B:Jakarta, Tangerang, Bekasi, Depok.
D: Bandung, Cimahi.
E: Ceribon, Indramayu, Majalenka, Kuningan.     
F: Bogor, Cianjur, Sukabumi.
T: Purwakarta, Karawang, Bekasi, Subang.
Z: Garut, Tasikmalaya, Sumedang, Ciamis, Banjar.               

Minerals and Mining

West Java produces excellent mine production. In 2006, it contributes 5,284 tons zeolite, 47,978 tons bentonite, iron sand, pozolan cement, feldspar, and jewel barn/ gemstone. Precious stone mining potential generally are found in Garut, Tasikmalaya, Kuningan, and Sukabumi Regency areas.

Mine Companies

Kawah Ijen, Jawa Island (Java Island), Indonesia
Marble quarry, Tulungagung
Ciemas prospect
Gunung Pongkor Mine, Bogor District
Papandagan volcano

Bandung Area Nature reserves

java west,jawa barat, mining, natural recources, nature reserves, plantations



Historic trip through the old city
Jakarta has developed from the north to the south, seen in an historical way. Places of interest can best be visited in a chronogolical way. Start wirh the old harbour in the north, and then go south towards the old VOCV-headquarters (Kota) and the Chinese quarter (Glodok), to end the journey at Medan Merdeka (Freedom Square), or in one of the new suburbs. Take half a day for every part.
The old harbour
Batavia developed around the old spice-seaport of Sunda Kelapa. Nowadays it forms the northen part of Jakarta, where the Ciliwung mouths in the Jawa Sea. in 1619 the VOC founded a trading fortress at the eastern bank, ‘het Kasteel’ (the Castle), which was fortified with walls and 15 big bastions over the years.
The old watchtower ‘de Uitkijk’ (the View) on jalan Pakin was built in 1839 on bastion Culemborg (a small city in Holland nowadays), to guard the coastal waters. Later is also served as a weather station. Today you can still visit it, and enjoy a view over the entire area. Before 1619 on this spot there was the customs-office (‘pabean’ called Paap Jan by the Dutch) of Sunda Kelapa.
The old harbour, which was in use ever since the 12th century, stretches from north of the tower to across the river. On the west of the river the Dutch built a timber-shipyard in the 17th century. In 1817 this building was renovated and enlarged. This is also the place where the pinisi-ships are, one of the last big sailing commercial fleets of the world. On the rickety gangways carriers walk everywhere with sacks, boxes, cables, barrels and wood. The nice, hand-built boats are mored bow to bow, and belong to Jakarta’s picturesque places of interest. Travelers with a little adventure can negotiate here for a journey to other islands. Sulawesi can be reached in ten days if the winds are good.
On the western bank of the river, somewhat to the north of the guarding tower, there is the marine museum Bahari. It’s settled in the warehouses which were built by the VOC in 1652. Earlier a big variety of goods was stocked here, pepper, nutmeg, coffee, tea, copper and much more. In this beautifull complex of buildings some traditional sailers are being displayed, they give an impression of Indonesia’s history at sea.
Just in front of the museum the only remained massive city wall which surrounded Batavia can be found. Fout out of the fifteen bastions which surrounded ‘het Kasteel’ were square. They had names from precious stones like Diamant, Pearl, Ruby and Sapphire, to wich Batavia got it’s nickname ‘Kota Intan’, City of Jewels.
Behind the museum there is the big fish market, Pasar Ikan. Mainly the day’s heat is producing tremendous bad smell. Around it there is a true maze of little shops with shells, ship-goods, kitchen products, fishing-nets, model-ships and all kinds of old-fashioned stuff. Just like the early days it’s a constant coming and going of traders, kids, beggers and chess-players.
The part directly south and east of the harbour, also known as ‘Kota’, once formed the centre of a walled city. There are several remains of the times of the company. Between Kali Besar and jalan Kakap are the old VOC-shipyards and the Chinese warehouses. The 18th-century company shipyard was closed in 1809 because of unhealthy circumstances, but the ramshackle depot and the beautifull warehouses are still in use today, as well as four old warehouses on jalan Tongkrol (Mackerel Street).
These are not open for public. Futher south at jalan Nelayan Timur, there is a typical Dutch drawbridge. The Hoendermarktbrug (hen-bridge) is about 200 years old, and bridges the northern part of the Kali Besar. It was restaurated in the seventies, but is not in terrable state again. At Jalan Kali Besar Barat, south and west of the bridge, the former house of governor-general Van Imhoff, dating from 1730, can be found at number nine. The house is known as Toko Merah (Red House) and has beautifull Chinese woodcarvings, characteristic for the 18th century houses in Batavia. Now, it belongs to PT Dharma Niaga. The office of the Chartered Bank, on number three dated back to the same century. Both buildings can be visited during office hours.
The Fatahillah square
The centre of control in old-Batavia was located on some distance of the harhous at a square, which is now known as Taman Fatahillah. The founders of the city ordered a splendid cityhouse to be built. Square and buildings were restaurated between 1972 and 1975, part of a big project aimed on saving Jakarta’s historical places. The colonial buildings became museums.
The cityhouse, on the south of the square, houses the Museum Sejara Jakarta Fatahillah, an historical museum in which old maps and antiques from the colonial times are shown to the public. The 37 beautifull decorated rooms still have the atmosphere of the VOC-times. The cityhouse was rebuilt three times, the last time in 1710, and served at courthouse, city council and prison.
A big collection of wayang puppets from all over Indonesia is being displayed in the Wayang Museum, jalan Pinto besar Utara 27, at the west side if the Faatahillahsquare. In early ages the New Dutch Church was located here. This was replaced by warehouses in 1808. At the back gravestones from Dutch people from the comany-time can be seen.
In the former palace of justice the museum of Arts and Keramics (Balai Senu rupa Jakarta & Museum Keramik) is being housed. The building from 1870 is neoclassical and contains a collection antique porcelain which vice-Presicent Adam malik left to Jakarta, as well as modern Indonesian paintings.
Besides restaurant Fatahillah, at the north side of the square, the cannon of fertillity (Si Jagur) can be found. The Portuguese cannon was taken to Batavia after the conquest of Malaka in 1641. From the back of the cannon, a vist with it’s thumb between index finger and middle finger, a pose that is considerred obscene in Indonesia as well. Childless women have the habit to sit down on the barrel of the cannon, in the hope to get pregnant.
The quarter south of Fatahillah was redeveloped in the 19th and 20th century. An exeption was Gereja Sion, or the Portuguese church at jalan Pangeran Jayakarta, east of station Kota. The church was built by Mardijkers in 1695 (from ‘Merdeka’, which means independence), and people from Portuguese-Indian or African origin, which were taken to Batavia as slaves in the 17th century. At the end of the 17th century they got their freedom, when they went away from Catholicism and turned to Protestantism under pressure. The church, the oldest in Jakarta, orgininally had benches and copper chandlers.
The Chinese quarter Glodok
Chinese always played an important role in Indonesias economy. After the massacre of 1740, in which about 5000 Chinese were killed, the Chinese were appointed a special area south of the old city walls. It is now known as Glodok. The use of Chinese writing is allowed in Indonesia since shortly after the fall of Suharto in May 1998, but until then, signs which are representative for Chinatowns all over the world couldn’t be found here. Chinese architecture can be found everywhere in the network of small streets and alleys behind Glodok Plaza, filled with merchands, food stalls (warung-warung) and shops.
The Dharma Jaya temple of Jin-de Youan (Temple of the Golden Good) at jalan Petak Sembilan is one of the oldest and biggest Chinese religional places of Batavia. The temple was built around 1650, and was meant to honor Kuan Yin (Guanyin), the goddess of mercy. The temple Candra Naya, at jalan Gajah Mada 188, is housed in the former landhouse if merchand So Bing Kong. In 1619 he became leader of the Chinese community and intermediary between Chinese and the first three governors of the VOC. His gravetombe can be found in a house at Gang Taruna.
Many ‘Batavian’ Chinese became islamic before the 20th century and Glodok also has a number of old Chinese mosques. South of the National Archive, at the corner of jalan Hayam Wuruk en jalan Kebon Jeruk is the Kebon Jeruk-mosque, built in 1785 or 1786. The style of building is an extraordinary mixture of islamic, Chinese and Dutch influences. Another Chinese 18th-century mosque, Mesjid Krukut, is located at jalan Kebahagiaan, at the corner of jalan Kejayaan 1.
In the 18th century rich Europeans and Chinese settled outside the city walls in the big gardens in the south. At the place where jalan Gajah Mada and jalan Hayam Wuruk are today, they built big Dutch landhouses. The only remained one is at jalan Gajah Mada 111, in the nowadays city centre. It was built for Reinier de Klerk in 1760, the later governor-general. In 1844 it was rebuild into an orphanage and in 1925 it housed the country archive. In 1979 a restauration took place.
The quarter south of jalan Gajah Mada is also know as ‘Harmonie’ (Harmony), after the society with the same name, the biggest in South-East Asia. In 1979 it was demolished because traffic was expanding, a square was built at jalan Majapahit. Construction was started under governor-general Deandels (1808-1811). In 1815, during Stamford Raffles, the society was completed. The ‘Harmony’ became the meeting place for the rich elite of the colonial society.
At the other side of the traffic-square, at the corner, the earlier popular fashion designers Oger Frères worked. Their building, which is now a travel agency, was in the centre of the elegant, rich European-looking city, which developed in the 19th century. Only the statue of Hermes on the railing of the bridge does remind of that period. He is not watching the passing cars, and still holds his globe, which is degraded to a football.
The ‘Museum Nasional’, the National Museum at the west side of the square was founded in 1778 by the ‘Bataviaasch Genootschap van Kunsten en Wetenschappen’ (Batavian Society of Arts and Science), is the oldest in Indonesia. The building itself is in desparate need of a restauration, and also need an reorganisation. The showcases show numerous of treasures: the famous skull of the Jawa-man, the famous stones and bronze statues and inscriptions from the Hindu-Javanese period, the treasury room with golden and silver opjects, and the department bronze objects. The Ganesha Society organises interesting guided-tours in the morning. The first floor offers keramics from Chinas, Annam, Thailand, Persia and Euroe, the earlies collection of E.W. van Orsoy de Flines (1886-1964).
At the north of the Merdeka square two mayor presidential palaces are built. The most northern building is Istana Negara, the State palace, the former Palace Rijswijk. It was built in 1796 by Jacob Andries van Braam and server as residence of the governor-generals since 1820. Between 1873 and 1879 a new, bigger, palace was being built at the Koningsplein, now jalan Medan Merdeka Utara, ‘Paleis Koningsplein’ (‘Palace Kingssquare’). The official tranfer of sovereignty took place on 27 December 1949 took place in this palace. Since then, the palace is called Istana Merdeka, Palace of Independence. Officialy it’s the residence of the current President, but it is not used for that purpose. Suharto, in his time, preferred his house in Menteng area.
Between Wilhelminapark and Menteng
More to the south, at the corner of Jalan Pejambon, the Gereja Imanuel is located, the former calvinistic Willemskerk, named after king Willem I. The neo-classical building was built between 1835 and 1839, to a design of J.H. Horst. It offers a wide variety of old Dutch silver. In the more southern Menteng, just across Hotel Aryaduta Hyatt at Jalan Ptrepatan, is the All Saints Church (English Church) from 1829, with nice decorated windows.
Between the cathedral and Hotel Borobudur is Lapangan Banteng (Buffalo Field), the former Waterlooplein (Square Waterloo), with an enormous statue of a handcoffed man which breaks his chains. It was built from molten Dutch coins to order of Sukarno in 1963, to rememberance of the liberation of Irian Jaya. Until 1820 landhouse Weltevreden could be found south of the Waterlooplein, it belonged to governor-general Mossel. In 1857, the military hospital was built, which is still in use as military hospital as of today. East of the square, now Lapangan Benteng Timur, Deandels started with the construction of a palace, ‘het Witte Huis'(the White House), the Department of Finance today. besides the neo-classical Mahkamah Agung or higher court, which dates back to 1848. At Jalan Taman Pejambon is Gedung Pancasila. This neo-classical buiolding from 1829 served as headquarters of the KNIL, and after 1917 as seat of the Volksraad (People’s Council). Because Sukarno did his famous Pancasila-speech in this building, it was declared an national monument later on. North of Lapangan Banteng is Gedong Kesenian, the former municipal theathre from 1821. After the war a cinema was built, but after a good restauration the building got it’s original destination back. The Pasar Baru or Nieuwmarkt (New Market), is on the other side of the canal. In the many shops everything is for sale, from textile to computers.
Menteng, south of Medan Merdeka, is a big, quiet, green quarter with colonial houses, modern expensife villa’s and embassies. The diplomats and CEO’s live in this area. Right through the heart of Menteng is Jalan Diponegoro, the most expensife street in Jakarta. At side street of Jalan Surabaya is a flee market with numerous stalls full with ántiques’, the most new imitations and all kinds of other things.
In the quarter Pasar Minggu, at the southern border of Jakarta, about 15 kilometres from the city’s centre, Ragunan zoo is located. In this nature park, opened from 9.00 to 18.00, it’s nice to have a walk or a picnic between all kinds of flora and fauna. Weekends are usually overcrowded.
Another busy Sunday place to be in the southern part of the city is Taman Mini Indonesia Indah (Nice Indonesia Miniature Park), a park of 100 hectares in which all different building styles from all over the archipelago are displayed. Start with Keong Mas, the form of a extraordinary snails house, for a magnificent journey on film through Indonesia on a giant screen. The park also offers a museum, an orchid garden and a birdpark.

Kebun Raya Bogor

The small, but fast growing city of Bogor ( 300,000 inhabitants ) is located 60 km south of Indonesia’s capital Jakarta, at the base of the Gunung Salak vulcano. Bogor is located at an altitude of 260 metres, which causes it to be remarable cooler than the coastal area’s. It’s a good place to escape the heat and chaos of Jakarta. That’s the same as what the Ducht governor-general Van Imhoff though; in 1745 he built his own refuge in this picturesque place, which he suitable called ‘Buitenzorg’.
Bogor is known for it’s botanical gardens which are located just behind the beautifull 19th-century Presidential Palace. The city also has an official world record ( 300 days with thundershowers in one year ), two important inscriptions in stones and one of the last gamelan-workshops on Jawa.
The old royal residence
One of the oldest – known- kingdoms of Indonesia, the Hinduist Tarumanagara from the 5th century, was probably located near Bogor. In the area a number of inscriptions has been found, under them a remarkable one which still can be seen in Ciampea, 15 km west of the city. It’s a big stone in a riverbank which contains several lines of Indian style inscriptions, and two king-size footprinte, which should have been from the conqueror and king Purnawarman.
A replica of the stone can be found in the Fatahillah Museum in Jakarta. The name of the kingdom seems to have close ties with the river which runs through the Bandung Basin east of Bogor to the coast, the River Citarum. Because the inscriptions were found here, historicans concluded the capital of Tarumanagara should have been here, also because it’s a good place for defence, and it also provides entry to the fertile hinterlands andthe nearby trading harbours at the Sunda Strait.
A later batutulis ( batu; stone and tulis; writing ) was found in Bogor in Jalan Batutulis, aproximately two kilometres Southwest of the botanical gardens. This inscription tells about the influence of king Surawisesa of Pajajaran in 1533, an important Hindu-king.
Like most other Sundanese places of historical value, there are no architectural remains to be found. This does people think that temples and other structures were built from wood, or just from stone, but they did re-use the stones for later buildings in the area.
The holy inscriptions are still being honoured meanwhile. Sukarno ordered the construction of a house very close to the batutulis, because of it’s mystical powers. He even wanted to be buried there, but this wish was not fullfilled.
The city grow around the house of ‘Buitenzorg’, and became a popular place among the Dutch because of the unhealthy living conditions in Batavia. Raffles lived in the house from 1811 to 1816. From 1870 to 1942 it was extended and restaurated and it became the residence of the Dutch governor-generals.
Since the independence Istana Bogor is one of the five official residences of the President. Suharto didn’t want to spend his time there, but Sukarno liked to; it is said that is ghost is still living there, between an impressive collection of art, the most sensual objects carefully hidden away. An hord of stained deers, imported from the Netherlands as food for official diners, is now living decoration of the 24 hectare domain.

Proposed World Heritage


Great Mosque of Demak Central Java


nature reserve, proposed world heritage, demak

Date of Submission: 19/10/1995
Category: Cultural
Submission prepared by:
Directorate General for Culture
Central Java
Ref.: 289

Masjid Agung Demak (or the Great Demak Mosque) is one of the oldest mosques in Indonesia, located in the center town of Demak, Central Java Indonesia. The mosque is believed to be built by the Wali Songo (the nine pious religious leaders) during the first Demak Sultanate ruler, Raden Patah during the 15th century.[citation needed]

This mosque is the proof of glory achieved by the Demak Bintoro kingdom as the first Islamic kingdom in Java island.

Mosque Features

Masjid Agung Demak is the classic example of a traditional Javanese mosque. Unlike mosques in the Middle East it is built from timber. The tiered roof is supported by four enormous teak pillars. This means that the mosque is rather small when compared to many modern Indonesian mosques. The tiered roof shows many similarities with wooden religious structures from the Hindu-Buddhist civilizations of Java and Bali. The main entrance of Masjid Agung Demak consists of two doors carved with motifs of plants, vases, crowns and an animal head with an open wide-toothed mouth. It is said that picture depicts the manifested thunder caught by Ki Ageng Selo, hence their name “Lawang Bledheg” (the doors of thunder).

The Carving and Historical Relics of Masjid Agung Demak

The carvings at Lawang Bledheg are also interpreted according to chronogram based on lunar calculation as “Naga mulat salira wani” which means Saka Year 1388 or A.D. 1466 as the year in which Masjid Agung Demak existed.

The front wall of the mosuqe is inset with sixty-six porcelain tiles. These exquisite blue and white tiles are believed to derive from Champa in modern-day Vietnam, a kingdom with which Demak’s former rival Majapahit had extensive trade contacts. According to some reports, these tiles were stolen from the palace of the Sultan of Majapahit and later added to the mosque.

Masjid Agung Demak has many historical remainders and unique things, such as Saka Tatal; Maksurah; Dhampar Kencana/pulpit; Saka Majapahit; etc. Besides that in the environment of Masjid Agung Demak there are also graves of the sultans of Demak and a museum.
Thanks to Wikipedia


Ujon Kolon Birdwatching


Duration: 6 DAYS / 5 NIGHTS
GROUP SIZE: 1 – 5 people
Best Visit Season: April – September

After Breakfast, we will drive to Taman Jaya village, this will be take 5-6 hours, afternoon we will arrival in Taman Jaya, and after lunch walking to Cibiuk hot spring water for hearing bird in the forest and back to Taman Jaya. (D)
Early morning we starting sailing using traditional boat to and use canoing to Cipamanggangan river and others side Cipamanggangan for wild bird watching, afternoon canoing to Cikabembem river after that back to boat and overnight in Heundeuleum or overnight on boat. (B,L,D)
Early morning, starting for wild bird watching in Cikabembem river and afternoon canoing to Cigenter river, overnight at tent or on boat. (B,L,D)
Early morning starting canoing to Cigenter river, in this river we are not watching a bird, many other wild life eg. pyhton snake, monkey, if we lucky we can meet with java rhinoceros. Afternoon we canoing in Citengah river for bird watching, and sailing to Peucang island, overnight in Peucang. (B,L,D)
Early morning, we starting for canoing at Ci Ujung Kulon river, and watch wild bird in Peucang island or relax for swimming or snorkel, afternoon visiting Cidaun savana for watching many bos javanicus javanicus, javan deer, javan leaf monkey, javan gibbon, other wild animals, overnight in Peucang or camp in Cibom. (B,L,D)
After breakfast, sailing to Taman Jaya then drive to Jakarta. End tour. (B)


Duration: 06 DAYS / 05 NIGHTS

Meeting point at noon, depart to Taman Jaya village by car, and we will arrive before dinner time, eat dinner and there’s a welcoming introduction about trip from our staff and we’ll spend the night in guest house. (D)
Get up in the morning, eat breakfast, prepare to trek to Kalajetan, and as soon as we get there we eat lunch, rest for one hour then we begin to trek to Karang Ranjang passing through forest, swamps, and the beach. We eat dinner at Karang Ranjang and spend the night in the tent. (B,L.D)
Get up in the morning, eat breakfast, and we trek to South beach of Cibandawoh. Take a rest at lunch time, begin trekking again to Cibunar, a long way to go and there’s coffee break on the road. By the time we get there it will be dinner time, free programs afterwards and sleep in tents. (B,L,D)
Get up in the morning as usual, eat breakfast and start trekking through the woods of Cidaun. There’s a coffee break at the edge of a river. Watch wild animals on the park, take a rest and eat lunch. After lunch we trek passing the beach to Cibom. Eat dinner at cibom, free programs after that and sleep in tents. (B,L,D)
Get up in the morning, eat breakfast and follow a short trek to lighthouse in Tanjung Layar. Coffee break at 9am and back on trekking to Cibom, arrive on the boat and begin sailing to Peucang island. Eat lunch on the island and rest if you want, it’s free time, you could swim or snorkel. Coffee break at 4 and we’ll have a short trek to Karang Pocong up until sunset, after that go back to the base camp on the island, eat dinner, free programs afterwards and go to sleep in guest house. (B,L,D)
Get up in the morning, eat breakfast as usual. Travel by boat to Hendeuleum island. then canoeing in Cigenter river, take a break and eat lunch on the boat. Sail back to Sumur and drive home to Jakarta. (B,L)


Geothermal Energy

Wayang Windu Geothermal Plant, Java,  Indonesia

Announcement of contract
1997 (Unit 1)
Start of operation
2000 (Unit 1) and 2009 (Unit 2)
110MW (Unit 1)
117MW (Unit 2)
Plant type
Wayang Windu geothermal field near Pangalengan in West Java, Indonesia
Estimated investment
More than 1,500 workers at production peak
Full specifications

A second turbine-generator unit has been added to the Wayang Windu geothermal field in West Java, Indonesia. The 117MW unit more than doubles the plant’s output, adding to the existing 110MW turbine. At a total cost of around US$200m, Wayang Windu is now the largest geothermal power plant in Indonesia. The field is itself Indonesia’s largest geothermal development, and one of the largest in the world.

At the peak of construction of Unit 2, there were more than 1,500 workers on site. The unit was powered up to 30MW in December 2008, selling its first electricity into the PLN (Perusahaan Listrik Negara) West Java high voltage grid. Full commercial operation began in March 2009. Another two units are planned to come on stream by 2010, bringing the total plant capacity to 500MW at an additional cost of around US $450m.
Wayang Windu powers 117MW geothermal turbine
The steam is produced at more than 300°C, and contains virtually no pollutant gasses or CO2.

Star Energy acquired the 110MW Wayang Windu geothermal plant in November 2004. It owns the plant through its 100%-owned subsidiary Magma Nusantara Limited (MNL). MNL appointed Maunsell to provide engineering review, design and supervision consulting services for Unit 2 construction and development, excluding the geothermal wells themselves. Maunsell also provided support for administration and cost management, QA/QC, certification of construction status, sub-surface advisory services, and training.

Much of the preparation and infrastructure works for Unit 2 was completed as part of Unit 1 development between 1997 and 2000. Besides the 117MW geothermal turbine generator unit, Unit 2 has auxiliary plant including condenser, cooling tower, non-condensable gas extraction facilities and H2S removal system. A steam above-ground pipeline system (SAGS) connects the new geothermal wells to the turbine. The plant-wide distributed control system has also been extended and integrated.
World’s largest single cylinder turbine

Unit 1 began operation in 2000, with power equipment supplied by Fuji Electric Co. At the time, the 110MW turbine was the world’s largest single cylinder machine. There are two-phase fluid pipelines with central separators, and integrated pressure control. Since startup, the generator has supplied 110MW at night and 105MW in the day into the State Electricity Company PLN’s grid.
The country has an abundant source of clean, sustainable energy to complement its immense hydrocarbon and coal reserves.

The plant uses flash steam technology, with the steam generating electricity by driving the turbine directly. The steam is produced at more than 300°C, and contains virtually no pollutant gasses or CO2. Wayang Windu is the world’s most efficient geothermal facility. The first Unit 2 development well MBD-5 was also found to be the largest dry steam well in the world at more than 40MW.

MNL has a Joint Operating Contract with Pertamina Geothermal Energy (PGE), and an Energy Sales Contract with Pertamina and PLN to supply up to 400MW to PLN for 30 years. The plant feeds Java, Madura and Bali.


The Plant is located in Pangalengan 40 Km South of Bandung

See this PDF


Proposed World Heritages

Kampong Naga (Dragon Village) West Java


nature reserve, proposed world heritage, naga, dragon village


nature reserve, proposed world heritage, naga, dragon village

Criteria Requirements – Heritage
1. Uniqueness and characteristics of heritage Natural Heritage
1.1 Significance of ecological systems and natural habitats.
Kampong Naga is located in the highlands characterized by river, hills and valleys. Kampong Naga is administratively bordered by Garut-Tasikmalaya road in the south, Cipalontang Village in the North, Ciwulan river in the east and Bukit Naga (Dragon Hills) in the west. Ciwulan river and the preserved forest formed a natural border with other villages.
1.2 Undisturbed environments or environments demonstrating natural process at work.
Geographically Kampong Naga is located in a fertile valley beside Ciwulan river with the altitude of 1200 meters above sea level. The climates varied between 21º-23º Celsius and humidity 75%-85%. The monthly average rainfalls between 289 mm to 3468 mm this provides Kampong Naga with enough water supplies all year round
1.3 Existence of rare and unique species present at the site
There is an endemic type of bamboo trees growing in Kampong Naga that is called awi tali or rope bamboo. This type of bamboo tree can be transformed to a strong rope and provide the villagers with materials for housing and daily lives (weaved bamboos is widely used for household apparels) and also can be produced as handicrafts for sale.
Cultural Heritage
1.4 Significance of the existing cultural and historical resources.
Kampong Naga is a traditional village that is bonded by traditional values shown in their rituals, houses, housing lay-out, family bonds, and art forms.

Kampong Naga residence is Sundanese and they strongly believe that Eyang Singaparna or the grand old man is their ancestor and founder of the village. Eyang Singaparna also known as Sembah Dalem Singaparna or Eyang Galunggung. His grave lies in a hill near Kampong Naga and considered sacred by the native Naga residence (sa-naga).

The chief of Kampong Nagai called Kuncen (the key holder), he acts as the highest leader helped by a Lebe Naga for marital affairs and Punduh Naga for external affairs.

Family bonds in Kampong Naga based on bilateral and parental relationship referring to either father and mother line. They identified 7 levels of generation both upwards and downwards.

Upwards: 1. Kolot/sepuh (parents), 2. Embah/eyang (grandparents, 3. Buyut (great grandparents), 4. Bao, 5. Jangga wareng, 6. Udeg-udeg, 7. Kait Siwur/gantang siwur.

Downwards: 1. Anak (children), 2.Incu/putu (grandchildren), 3. Buyut (great grandchildren), 4. Bao, 5. Jangga wareng, 6. Udeg-udeg, 7. Gantung siwur/wait.
1.5 Authenticity and integrity
Kampong Naga was built under macrocosmic and microcosmic concepts. This is shown in their housing arrangement that follows the land contours, river, vegetations, and sun and wind direction.
The mosque and the assembly house are placed in the center of the village as a symbol of bonding for every houses in the village

The inhabited areas of Kampong Naga is surrounded by double bamboo fence of 1.5 meters high called kandang jaga (security cage), which also functioned as borderline between sacred and profane areas.
1.6 Degree of survival of the archaeological remains, human values, ways of life, custom, land use, events and living traditions.
Islam is the only religion in Kampong Naga despite the facts that myths-based rituals still greatly influence their daily lives. They hold rituals on Mondays and Thursdays whereas they keep silent and must not talk about history, belief, custom on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays. They also carefully chose a certain good day for traveling, building homes, wedding and other rituals to avoid bad luck.

Kampong Naga inhabitants earn a living by farming and grow fish in fish ponds around their village and in the river by building fish cages.
2. Site protection and conservation
2.1 Existence of management control/measures to ensure that the site capacity (in terms of resources and facilities) can absorb tourism activities.
Kampong Naga has its system to control tourists visit by Punduh Naga (deputy chief for external affairs), and a government body who helps maintaining the authenticity of Kampong Naga historic heritage.
2.2 Implementation of preventive measures/ management mechanisms to minimize degradation of resources.
Visitors entering Kampong Naga must meet the elderly of the village before roaming around the village. They will be briefed about the history and the taboos and restrictions that abide them during their visit. Visitors are not allowed to enter Kampong Naga on Tuesdays, Wednesdays and Saturdays.
3. Tourism and site management
3.1 Appropriate tourism activities compatible with local heritage, values and character.
Events that can be observed by visitors are Hajat Sasih, Ngikis and Pedaran.

Hajat Sasih is an ancestor-worship ceremony to ask blessings, soundness and express gratitude to God almighty. It is held by visiting the ancestor grave (Eyang Singaparna).

Ngikis is a ceremony to replace the fence of Eyang Singaparna’s grave.

Pedaran is held once in 8 years to tell and unveil the history and custom of Kampong Naga, carried out in the Islam month of Maulud on 13-14.
3.2 Involvement of local communities in the development and the management of the cultural and the natural heritage site.
Kampong Naga manage its own development in a traditional manner. Government helps restricted only in terms of preservation and funding.
3.3 Creation of jobs that encourage the use of local knowledge, skills and traditions.
People of Kampong Naga use their spare time to produce bamboo handicraft, traditional food, and clothing (hand woven) not only for personal use but also to be sold as souvenirs.
3.4 The use of appropriate off-site and on-site interpretive media to educate visitors such as:

* Signage /panel
* Brochure
* Visual/ audio presentation
* Guide book
* Special events

Local and central government helped by the private sector have provided signage, brochures and other tourism promotion materials to help develop Kampong Naga as a tourist attraction.
3.5 Availability of well-trained local guides/interpreters to serve visitors.
Tour guides consist of well-trained tour guide from the private sector and also native people from Kampong Naga who have reside outside the village because of the ancestor’s rules that limited the number of inhabitants of Kampong Naga (there is a rule that restricted number of the house and inhabitants). Together they can provide an insight of the traditional village.
3.6 Introduction of Cades of conduct to educate visitors on what should or should not do when visiting the site.
3.7 Monitoring program in place to assess tourism impacts on the site.
4. Environmental management 4.1

Provision of appropriate and sufficient waste management system.
4.2 Put in place waste water treatment.
4.3 Zoning parking area for the site.
The local government provides a parking area outside the village. Visitors must walk along a scenic path to reach the village.
4.4 Control and regulate the entry of objects, materials and vehicles to the site.
Visitors are not allowed to bring their personal music instruments, electronics and other devices that are not common to the inhabitants and potentially can disrupt the peaceful nature of the village.
5. Accessibility 5.1 Sufficient infrastructure and facilities to enable easy and safe access to the site..
Good road connects Kampong Naga with major cities in West Java. From the capital city Bandung (86 km), Garut (26 km), and Tasikmalaya (30 km). In fact it is located nearby the main road of Garut-Tasikmalaya.

The local government have also upgrade the originally village path to become an enjoyable scenic path that connects the village with the parking lot which lies beside the main road.
5.2 Adequate and clear directional signage to the site.
Signage is available but they need to be added with clear sign in English language.
6. Support facilities 6.1 Adequacy of facilities such as medical care, F&B outlets, electricity, water supply, restrooms, communication tolls.
Complete facilities can be found in the nearby city of Garut and Tasikmalaya and the capital city of West Java (Bandung).

While on-site, visitors can find parking lot, souvenir shop, and accommodation just outside the village.Kampong Naga itself is restricted from providing those facilities to keep its original environment.
6.2 Availability of skilled staff, officials/local guards and other measures to take care of safety and security for visitors.
Kampong Naga has social values that honor guests and together with the backings from the government, safety and security issues are taken care of in a proper manner.



– Banten Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantationsand Tribes Maps


 Nature Reserves, Mining, Plantationsand Tribes Maps

Click on the map to see a larger image !

java, jawa, banten, , mining, natural recources, nature reserves, plantations


Sunda Strait Bridge

Click on the map to see a larger image !

java, jawa, banten, , mining, natural recources, nature reserves, plantations

Banten Java, Badui, banten

Car license number A

Badui People

The Baduy, who call themselves Kanekes, are a traditional community living in the western part of the Indonesian province of West Java. Their population of between 5,000 and 8,000 is centered in the Kendeng mountains at an elevation of 300-500 meters above sea level. Their homeland in West Java is contained in just 50 km² of hilly forest area 120 km from Jakarta, Indonesia’s megalopolis of high-rises and fast cars. The Baduy are divided into two sub-groups; the Baduy Dalam (Inner Baduy), and the Baduy Luar (Outer Baduy). No foreigners were allowed to meet the Inner Baduy, though the Outer Baduy do foster some limited contacts with the outside world.
More info Wikipedia :
The Badui area covers more than 5,100 hectares of land and is separated into two parts, outer Badui and inner Badui with the closest inner Badui village of Cibeo 12 kilometers away from Ciboleger village. Both accept visitors cordially, but the outer area has more contact with outsiders and is thus more open to travelers.

The path to the Badui village starts in Ciboleger, a gateway to the Badui because of its proximity to Kadu Ketug, an outer Badui kampong. Ciboleger is a couple of hours’ drive away from the Rangkas Bitung turnpike exit.

On the way from Ciboleger to Kadu Ketug, stores selling souvenirs like songket (woven cloth), traditional bags made of tree bark, and grocery shops surround a steep but smooth path that leads to a big stone monument marked with a map of the Badui area. A nearby sign lists dos and don’ts for travelers and welcomes those entering Kadu Ketug, a relatively modern outer Badui kampong with 35 houses and shops that sell daily goods like coffee and cigarettes.

Some of their rules prohibit modern inventions like guitars, video cameras and sound recorders. One rule prohibits the use of soap and toothpaste in rivers.

All traces of modernity disappear past the big stone monument and all the brick houses and neon lights turn into small rattan walled huts and oil-filled lanterns.

Not too far from the monument is the house of Badui village chief Jaro Dainah. He is the liaison between the outside world and the Badui people. All travelers who want to enter the Badui villages must pay homage to him.

“All travelers must also pay homage to each kampong chief,” said Jaro Dainah.

Seventeen people have signed his guestbook this month and many
of them have spent a night or two in his hut.

“We get a lot of visitors during the middle of the year, after or before that we just get occasional hikers and students,” he said.

His hut, like many other Badui huts, is a rumah panggung, a house built on wooden stilts placed on rocks or dug into the ground. Layers of thick bamboo shoots make up the floor that, according to Badui customs, must remain above the ground, while tiers of sugar palm leaves tied to the top of the wooden stilts act as the roof.

Further behind his house is a mountain trail leading into more Badui kampongs that can take a whole day to traverse. The Badui people live on a mountain in small homes surrounded by forests and small rice fields and they live independently from the outside world, although they occasionally venture out to other cities like Bandung and Jakarta to sell their handicrafts, brown sugar and honey. Even so, the Badui reject motorized vehicles as well as footwear and always move around barefoot while in the kampong.

Despite the challenging way of life, the Badui exude a tough but calm demeanor as portrayed by Jaro Saidi, chief of the Kadu Keteur kampong, who is also the leader of all kampong chiefs. The farmer — who claims to be 100 years old — looks like he is still in his 80s and is still going strong, something that he may have acquired from living the Badui lifestyle.


Banten Java, Badui, banten


Banten Java, Badui, bantenBanten Java, Badui, banten


Banten Java, Badui, banten

Banten Java, Badui, banten

Minerals and Mining

Mine Companies

Camco Omya Quarry
Cipicung mine, Cikotok Gold District
Cippangleseran mine, Cikotok Gold District
Cirotan mine, Cikotok Gold District
Citotok mine, Cikotok Gold District
Kali Maya
Sopal mine, Cikotok Gold District

Proposed World Heritages

Banten Ancient City Bantrn West Java


nature reserve, banten, fort

nature reserve, banten, fort

Date of Submission: 19/10/1995
Category: Cultural
Submission prepared by:
Directorate General for Culture
West Java
Ref.: 286
This town serves as a reminder of the Banten Sultanate, a powerful Islamic Empire in the 12th-15th century. During its heyday around the 16th century, the old harbor operated as Southeast Asia’s biggest port. The artifacts displayed in the Archeological Site Museum, along with ancient buildings such as Surosowan Palace, Kaibon Palace and Banten Grand Mosque offer an intriguing peek into the past. The 17th-century Fort Speelwijk provides testimony to Dutch occupation. Locals and visitors mingle in the old town square, where souvenirs and handicrafts are sold. Northeastward lies Pulau Dua, a bird sanctuary all nature lovers should explore
Banten, for a long time one of the most important and largest harbours of the world.

Banten is a very interesting place to visit. It has the remains of old palaces, a beautiful mosque (the minaret it also a lighthouse, how symbolic!), and an old Dutch fort and a harbour. In the sixteenth century the harbour of Banten was probably larger and more important then the harbour of Amsterdam. Merchants from Malacca, Vietnam, India, China, Portugal, England and the Dutch Republic came to do business here.

When the Dutch came to Indonesia for trade, they had a lot of problems with the English, who were already in Banten and had a good relationshop with the Sultan. The Dutch decided to built their own city, just a bit further on the island of Java: Batavia, nowadays also known as Jakarta.



Tangkuban Perahu Recreation Park

Tangkuban Perahu Recreation Park

Tangkuban Perahu, Tangkuban Perahu Recreation Park, Taman Wisata Alam,
Tangkuban Parahu Recreation Park is 1,300 ha and is located around the 2,076 m high volcano Tangkuban Perahu. The craters of the volcano, the main attraction of the park, are reachable by car.
You can get to Tangkuban Perahu Recreation Park by bus from Lembeng or from Ledeng station in Bandung. Take a bus with destination Subang and get out at the entrance of the park.
* Lembang
o The Grand Hotel
o Hotel Yehezkiel
* Bandung
o A lot of possibilities.
PHPA, Jl. Jend. A.Yani 276, Bandung.
You can descent in some of the craters of Tangkuban Perahu. The most accessible ones are Kawah Domas and Kawah Ratu.
* Volcano Swiftlet – Collocalia vulcanorum
* Javan Scops-Owl – Otus angelinae
* Island Trush – Turdus poliocephalus
* Mountain White-eye – Zosterops montanus
* Mountain Serin – Serinus estherae

Touristic Information

Mt. Tangkuban Perahu is Bandung’s most famous tourist volcano just 28 km north of the city. This volcano offers many places to see and explore. Whether you look into the huge crater or hike down into it, stroll through the forest on its slopes, or simply enjoy the splendid panoramic view, Mt. Tangkuban Perahu is an interesting destination that everyone in the Bandung area is fond of visiting. When seen from Bandung, Mt. Tangkuban Perahu has a distinctive shape, like an upside down boat. Tangkuban Perahu means, in fact, “up-turned boat” This peculiar shape has stimulated the fantasy of the Sundanese people from early times as expressed in the Legend of Sangkuriang.

Geologically, Mt. Tangkuban Perahu has played a significant role in the development of the Parahyangan highlands. Eruptions have contributed immensely to the hills north of Bandung through lava flowing into the valleys and hardening into rock, thus forming big cliffs over which waterfalls leap. Likewise, mud flows have formed a semi-circular cone of gentle gradient (what geologists call “a fan”), which is now a mass that blocked the valley of the ancient Citarum River near present day in Padalarang (some 18 km west of Bandung), this caused a lake to form covering the whole Bandung plain.

Though the mountain appears peaceful, mild eruptions occurred in 1969, when Kawah Ratu spewed ash and barrages 500 m high. As recently as September 1992 it was closed to the public for a few days because unusually high seismic activity lead volcanologists to fear a new eruption. On the mountain’s northern flank is an area called Death Valley, so named for its frequent accumulation of poisonous gases. On a reasonably clear day, from Kawah Ratu, the main crater, you can see not only the mountain range to the east, with Mt. Bukittunggul as its highest peak (2,209 m), but also two other in a northeasterly direction. The lower and nearer one is Mt. Tampomas ( 1,684 m) just north of Sumedang some 40 km away. To the right and about 90 km away is Mt. Ciremai close to Cirebon on the north coast. At 3,078 m, Mt. Ciremai is West Java’s tallest mountain. At the foot of Mt. Tangkuban Perahu you see the Ciater tea plantation covering the rolling hills. Farther to the left are the northern coastal plains of Java, and on an extremely clear day you may even be able to see the Java Sea beyond.

Kawah Ratu, which means “Queen’s Crater”, is today just a big gray hole which sometimes has a pool of water at its center. Poisonous gases sometimes accumulate in Kawah Ratu, thus making it somewhat of a risk to descend to the crater floor. Beyond the saddled shaped depression on the far side of Kawah Ratu is the still active Kawah Upas, the oldest crater on the mountain. On the very far western cliff you see a spot where all vegetation has been destroyed by constantly rising sulphurous vapors. On the crater walls, note the various layers of material consisting of rock, sand, and pebbles. Overtime, new craters have formed again and again in a rather consistent shift from west to east. The most well known of these is the Domas crater, but also there are other smaller ones in jungle on the mountain’s northeastern flank.

The restaurant nearest to Tangkuban Perahu Crater is Saung Ranggon. Visitors should also note that the Lembang area (around 15 minutes from the crater) is an alternative place to eat, where the fruit market is fill with tropical fruits.
Saung Ranggon
Jl. Tangkuban Perahu
Phone: (022) 286215

Since Bandung and Lembang is not far away from the crater, international and national standards hotels (Stars and non stars) are available in the city.

Nearest Hotel
Pondok Mawar
Jl. Tangkuban Perahu
Phone: (022) 286131

You can hire a taxi or (a minimum 5 hour use and pay more for each extra hour), or join a tour organized by a travel agent. You can also go by public transportation (but less conveniently). Travel first north to Lembang, then change then to Subang, get off at the Tangkuban Perahu toll gate. A sign at the crossroads in the northern part of Lembang directs you left Subang and Mt. Tangkuban Perahu or straight ahead to the Maribaya hot springs.

The road from Lembang to Mt. Tangkuban Perahu goes past fruit and vegetable fields and stalls, and if you’re travelling just after sunrise, the morning mist still shrouds the villages of the Lembang plain, a truly idylic sight. Eventually the road enters a pine forest and 2 km after that, right in the forest, is a marked turn off to the left and you can find a toll gate where you pay an entrance fee.

Visit the top crater first and do the lower one later. Just follow the road until you reach the crater rim at an elevation of 1,830 m. Tangkuban Perahu is Bandung’s most popular tourist spot, the immediacy of the crater is overwhelming, despite all the souvenir sellers. As the crater is easily accessible by car and public transport, a great number of people are there every Sunday, and on public holidays; so if you want to avoid the crowds, go on a weekday, or early morning on Saturdays and Sundays.

Hiking Around the Crater
Circling Kawah Ratu to the right (north) is a popular and less dangerous route than to the left because the edge of the cliff is secured with a fence. You can climb up to the top of the rim where a geological station is located, or down to Domas crater where you may stand right on the stoney crater’s bed beside boiling sulfur water jetting out of ground. From Domas, you may stroll down through cool woods and reach the main car park beyond Kawah Ratu.

Situ Cipondoh lake area

Situ Cipondoh lake area

Situ Cipondoh
Latitude : 6 11 43 S Logitude : 106 46 28 E
Altitude : 0 to 50 metres
Area : 119 ha Wetlands: 70 ha
Tenure : Government of Indonesia-Pemda Kodya Tanggerang
Site Description
Situ Cipondoh is one of man-made lakes in Tanggerang, West Java. The lake area is 70 ha (60% of the total area of the site). Water supply to Situ Cipondoh comes from Rawa Lobang Buaya and Rawa Pondok Jagong, besides from near settlements. The average water volume of the Situ (lake) is 552.315 m3, but during rainy season the water volume may raise to 787.130m3, and 305.473m3 during dry season. Generally, at the bank of the lake is utilised as agriculture land, estates and settlement. About 6.257 inhabitants live near the lake. One of the nearest settlement is Komplek Cipondoh Makmur Indah, where during rainy season the Komplek is often flooded. Some textile and leather industries (34) occur near the lake. Gultom (1995) reported at least 8 waterbird species occur in the site area: Ixobrychus cinnamomeus (Kokokan), Porzana pussila (Tikus Kaki Kuning), Ardeola speciosa (Blekok), Ardea purpurea (Cangak merah), Gallinula chloropus (mandar batu), Porphoryo porphorio (mandar besar) and Anhinga melanogaster (Pecuk ular). Shrubs are often used as habitats for waterbirds. About 23.10 ha of the lake is coverd by water weeds, leaving 22.73 ha of open waters. About 27 water plant species were reported to occur in the site (Gultom, 1995).
Site Location
Situ Cipondoh is located near the road that connects Cileduk with Tanggerang.
List of Crustaceans (2 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Candida laevis
Macrobrachium sintangense

List of Mollusks (5 species)
Species Red Data Book Cites
Bellamya javanica
Corbicula javanica
Lymnaea rubiginosa
Melanoides tuberculata
Pila scutata

Situgunung Nature Recreation Park

Situgunung Nature Recreation Park

Situgunung Nature Recreation Park, Situgunung, Taman Wisata Alam,

Longitude (DD) 106.95543276
Latitude (DD) -6.87472366
Designation Nature Recreation Park
Status Designated
Current Status Not Known
Establishment Year 1975
IUCN Category Not Known
Documented Total Area (ha) 100

Situ Gunung is located at the foot of Mount Pangrango, Sub Kadu Dampit approximately 16 Km west of the city of Sukabumi, with 120 ha area and height of 850 M above sea level. Winding road, between Pine and Damar trees take you into areas of the lake of Situ Gunung, while feeling the cool mountain air, you can stroll around the lake, saw the joke jolly existing fauna like monkeys, monkeys, Surili and other wildlife. For your fishing hobby, here fishing competitions are often held.Situ Gunung

Situ Gunung

There Curug Cimanaracun, which is the source of Situ Gunung lake water that can be taken approximately 1.5 Km from the lake. In addition there are also Curug Sawer. This place you can relax ....  read more

Pulau Rambut, Pulau Bokor Nature Reserve

Pulau Rambut and Pulau Bokor Nature Reserve

Pulau Rambut and Pulau Bokor Nature ReservePulau Rambut, Pulau Rambut,Pulau Bokor Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam,

The Pulau Rambut Reserve was established in 1937 and comprises an area of 18 ha.; Pulau Bokor is only 5 ha. Both islands belong to the Kepulauan Seribu archipelago and form an important breeding ground for many water bird species.

Pulau Rambut is overgrown with mangrove forest and buta-buta (Excoecaria agallocha) forest. Other parts of the island consist of primary and some secondary forest accessible by PHPA laid out trails and some beach forest at the south-eastern part of the island. A roost of 20,000 Large Flying Foxes can be seen on Pulau Rambut.
Access, Accommodation and Addresses

See Kepulaun Seribu.
On Untung Jawa, a island near Pulau Rambut, is a new PHPA Guesthouse.
Bring your own proviand.

West Java

Pulau Rambut, Pulau Rambut,Pulau Bokor Nature Reserve, Cagar Alam,
Bats, birds vie for space in Pulau Rambut sanctuary

Features – June 26, 2001

By Bambang Parlupi

JAKARTA (JP): Pulau Rambut, in the Pulau Seribu (Thousand Islands) chain of islands off North Jakarta, is just for the birds.

Based on a 1999 forestry minister’s degree, the island, which is only one and a half hours from the Ancol Marina by speedboat, is protected by law as a wildlife sanctuary.

Rambut island’s unique ecosystem is an ideal habitat for various bird species. Its coastal forest abounds with pandan (Pandanus tectorius) and undergrowth. In its tidal areas one can find sea spades (Thespesia populnea) and sea casuarina (Casuarina equisetifolia). Acacia and fast-growing lamtoro, which is not native to the area, is also found here.

Mangroves and brackish water forests cover two thirds of Rambut’s total area. Its hillside has a blanket of mixed secondary forestation and the three main forest groups serve as the primary habitat for fish-eating birds. The western and northern coasts of the island are fringed with coral reefs which form natural lagoons.

“The island is dubbed a ‘palace of birds’ with its pristine condition and numerous bird species,” said Ganie Suparlan, a national conservation and environmental observer.

Some 40,000 birds of 49 species nest on the 45-hectare tract of land. Eighteen of the species belong to the category of rare birds protected by law.

About 40 percent of the resident birds are cormorants; egrets and herons constitute 24 percent, whereas heron-like birds and ibis constitute another 25 percent.

“Most of the birds in this protected zone are sedentary,” said Ganie, who is a member of the Communication Forum for Indonesian Conservation Activists (FK3I).

Bird lovers, from students to environmental activists and ornithologists, flock to the island from March to September to watch the courtship displays and the birds taking care of their young (unpredictable weather makes it more difficult to see the birds between December and February).

“As the various breeds of birds are very easy to observe there, the sanctuary appeals to tourists,” said Ade M. Rahmat, an information officer from the Jakarta chapter of the Natural Resources Conservation Center (BKSDA).

However, there is the potential for trouble in paradise. Conservationists are concerned that several factors — both natural and manmade — may threaten the sanctuary.

“There is fear that many factors will disturb the birds’ habitat, including sea pollution and the existence of bats,” said Ade.

The latter is especially troubling, as a number of trees have died despite being surrounded by fertile areas. Bats (Pteropus vampyoris) are believed to be the cause of the problem.

Both bats and birds choose tall trees to build nests or rest. The claws of bats are harmful to tree branches and twigs. Hundreds of them hang on the trees during daytime before they leave at sunset to feed many kilometers away.

No exact data is available on the population of bats living on the egg-shaped island, but more colonies will definitely lead to more dead trees.


Another problem is garbage. Household refuse, washed ashore from Jakarta and rivers emptying into the Java Sea, gather on the sand and among the mangroves. Plastic bottles and bags, wooden items and rubber sandals are very harmful to the coastal ecosystem.

“Oil spills are often found along the coastline,” Ade revealed.

Visitors may also be a problem for birds, particularly those disturbed by noise. There are regulations in place to prevent large parties spending the night on the island and loud music is banned.

“As a wildlife reserve, Rambut island is basically restricted to limited tourism,” said Ganie, explaining that, based on Law No.5/2000 on the conservation of biological resources and their ecosystem, such zones can be used for scientific research and development, education, limited tourism and other supporting activities.

It’s even closer to Rambut from Tanjung Pasir in Tangerang, taking only about half an hour by motorboats to Untung Jawa island, a tourist transit point located beside Rambut island. The people of Untung Jawa provide rest houses for visitors.

Situated no less than three kilometers from Rambut, this neighboring islet is the reserve’s buffer zone. Sadly, Rambut and Untung Jawa lack good accommodation facilities.

Conservationists say local people may also be involved in the effort to marry wildlife preservation with their livelihood in other ways, such as acting as tourist guides, a job still taken care of by the Rambut conservation officers.

* Avicennia alba
* A. marina
* A. officinalis
* Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
* Casuarina equisetifolia
* Ceriops decandra
* C. tagal
* Chisacheton pentandrus
* Enhalus spp.
* Excoecaria agallocha
* Ipomoea pes-caprae
* Lumnitzera racemosa
* Merrennia spp.
* Pemphis acidula
* Rhizophora apiculata
* R. mucronata
* R. stylosa
* Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea
* Sonneratia alba
* S. caseolaris
* Sterculia foetida
* Thalassia spp.
* Thespesia populnea
* Wedelia biflora
* Xylocarpus moluccensis

* Large flying fox – Pteropus vampyrus
* Domestic cat – Felis catus

* Small Blue Kingfisher – Alcedo coerulescens
* Collared Kingfisher – Todirhamphus chloris
* Sacred Kingfisher – Todirhamphus sanctus
* Asian Koel – Eudynamys scolopacea
* Lesser Coucal – Centropus bengalensis
* Glossy Swiftlet – Collocalia esculenta
* Little Green-Pigeon – Treron olax
* Grey-cheeked Green-Pigeon – Treron griseicauda
* Pied Imperial-Pigeon – Ducula bicolor
* Masked Finfoot – Heliopais personata
* Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus

* Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata
* Common Sandpiper – Tringa hypoleucos
* Beach Thick-knee – Esacus neglectus
* Pacific Golden-Plover – Pluvialis fulva
* Brahminy Kite – Haliastur indus
* White-bellied Fish-Eagle – Haliaeetus leucogaster
* Oriental Darter – Anhinga melanogaster* Little Cormorant – Phalacrocorax niger
* Little Black Cormorant – Phalacrocorax sulcirostris
* Black-crowned Night-Heron – Nycticorax nycticorax
* Little Egret – Egretta garzetta
* Pacific Reef-Egret – Egretta sacra
* Grey Heron – Ardea cinerea
* Great-billed Heron – Ardea sumatrana
* Purple Heron – Ardea purpurea
* Great Egret – Casmerodius albus
* Intermediate Egret – Mesophoyx intermedia
* Cattle Egret – Bubulcus ibis
* Javan Pond-Heron – Ardeola speciosa
* Striated Heron – Butorides striatus
* Glossy Ibis – Plegadis falcinellus
* Black-headed Ibis – Threskiornis melanocephalus
* Milky Stork – Mycteria cinerea
* Lesser Adjutant – Leptoptilos javanicus
* Great Frigatebird – Fregata minor
* Lesser Frigatebird – Fregata ariel
* Christmas Island Frigatebird – Fregata andrewsi
* Golden-bellied Gerygone – Gerygone sulphurea
* Slender-billed Crow – Corvus enca
* Large-billed Crow – Corvus macrorhynchos
* White-breasted Woodswallow – Artamus leucorynchus
* Black-naped Oriole – Oriolus chinensis
* Crow-billed Drongo – Dicrurus annectans
* Oriental Magpie-Robin – Copsychus saularis
* Asian Pied Starling – Sturnus contra
* Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica
* Pacific Swallow – Hirundo tahitica
* Yellow-vented Bulbul – Pycnonotus goiavier
* Common Tailorbird – Orthotomus sutorius
* Plain-throated Sunbird – Anthreptes malacensis
* Olive-backed Sunbird – Nectarinia jugularis

* House Gecko – Hemidactylus frenatus
* Water Monitor – Varanus salvator
* Yellow-ringed Cat Snake – Boiga dendrophila