Yogja, Paku Alam

Yogja, Paku Alam


Present Sultan (2014): Sultan Paku Alam IX

Paku Alaman is a small kingdom, located in the Sultanate Yogyakarta.

Paku Alam IX  (7 May 1938  in Yogyakarta) is the current ruler of  Pakualaman in central  Java. He succeeded as Paku Alam upon the death of the last ruler, his father Paku Alam VIII, on 11 September 1998, and was formally installed as Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Arya Paku Alam IX on 26 May 1999. Like his predecessors, he is also the vice-governor of the Yogyakarta Special Region, serving under Sultan Hamengkubuwono X.     


Solo, Sultan of Mangkunegara

Solo, Sultan of Mangkunegara


Present Sultan (2014): Mangku Negara IX
Mangku Negara IX (born 1951) is the current traditional ruler. He succeeded his father Mangku Negara VIII, as on 3 September 1987. His full regnal name is Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Arya Mangku Negara.

Mangkunegaran is a small hereditary principality, located within the region of Surakarta. It was established in 1757 by Raden Mas Said, when he submitted his army to Pakubuwono III in February, and swore allegiance to the rulers of Surakarta, Yogyakarta, and the Dutch East Indies Company, and was given an appanageof 4000 households.



West Java, Sultan of Demak

West Java, Sultan of Demak


Present Sultan (2012): Sri Sultan Surya Alam Joyokusumo

The Demak Sultanate was Javanese mulsim state, located on Java’s north coast, at the site of the present day city of Demak. A port fief to the Majapahit kingdom thought to have been founded in the last quarter of the 15th century, it was influenced by Islam brought by Arab and Gujarat traders. The sultanate was the first Muslim state in Java, and once dominated most of the northern coast of Java and southern Sumatera.


Cirebon, Pangeran of Gebang

Cirebon, Pangeran of Gebang


Pangeran in 2005: Pangeran Sudewa Alibassa of Gebang

Gebang was a vasal-principality of Cirebon principalities, which are all in W-Java. Gebang is East of Cirebon. Gebang is known for his special cultural way of practising islam religion. The dynasty has a more than important role in it.
The first Pangeran of Gebang was Pangeran Wira Sutajaya, who was appointed by the famous founder king Sunan Gunung Jati of Cirebon (who ruled ca. 1527-1580).
Gebang is a place of the really old Culture of Java.




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The Sultan of Cirebon-Kanoman; another Indonesold dynasties, kerajaan, king, java,Ceribon, Kanomanian King, Who Saves The Local Identity
The last years the present sultan of Cirebon-Kanoman was much in the news. He belongs to a quite nationalistic dynasty, who also had some quite strong opinions about it’s position. Cirebon is one of the most early islamic kingdoms of Indonesia. Some say, that you can very good feel the traditional atmosphere of Indonesian in Cirebon. The Cirebon kings are descendants of Sunan Gunung Jati; one of the original bringers of the islam to Java. His son Hassanuddin became the first king of Banten in West-Java and from the brother of this king; Pangeran Pasarean; descends the kings of Cirebon. After the death of Pangeran Giri Laya of Cirebon in 1662 his kingdom was divided into 3 areas among his sons with a special roulating system of succession. When king of the first branch died, than a prince of the 2nd branch became the crownprince there,etc. That system ended later. In the 18th century even a 4th branch of the dynasty began to rule. So now you had the Cirebon branches of Kanoman (2nd most important), Kasepuhan (1st one), which were both sultans. Then the pangeran branch of Kacirebonan (3rd most important) and the Panembahan branch of Kaprobonan (who only delivered 3 rulers for a relative short time, but continued to exist a a dynastic branch). In 1819 the remaining 3 branches were abolished as ruling dynasties, but continued as keepers of the traditions in all it’s aspects. As such they were discovered in the independence struggle after WW II. Already before the great grandfather of the present sultan; Sultan Anom Raja Nurbuat (1934-1935) asked to be more recognized as a real sultan with a full title like his forefathers. It was then the time, that the Dutch East-Indish government was thinking of restoring abolished dynasties in Indonesia as the first steps to give back the government responsibilities to the local people of Indonesia. The son of Sultan Anom Raja Nurbuat;Sultan Anom Muhammad Nurus (1935-1989);even asked after WW II to be a ruling sultan again and hoped, that Cirebon would become one kingdom. His son Sultan Anom Muhammad Djalaluddin; father of the present sultan of Cirebon-Ka-noman; ruled until his death in 2002. This sultan continued the restoration of at least the cultural function of the dynasty. His oldest son of his royal wife was the later Sultan Elang Muhammad Emiruddin;born in 1973. The a few months older brother of tCirebon-Kacirebonan, Pangeran Raja Abdul Gani Natadiningrat III Dekaranggahe latter had actually a non-royal mother, so according to the traditional rules of succesion he was not the 1st eligible person to become a sultan: Pangeran Elang Muhammad Saladin. For some reasons later mentioned Prince Saladin assisted much his father in his function a sultan. His father had also sympathy for the idea, that this prince would have a chance to become a sultan. But the dynasty network thought, that it was better,that the tradition would be maintained. Sultan Anom Muhammad Djalaluddin died 18-11-2002. His brother then was temporary-sultan for a while to sort out things. Suddenly Prince Saladin let install himself as sultan in the palace (5-3-2003). One of the reasons for it was, that his close family found, that the health problems of his full-royal brother was a point of consideration, whether he could be a good sultan, or not. The day thereafter in a bigger ceremony Sultan Elang Muhammad Emiruddin was installed as 12th king of Cirebon-Kanoman. The recognition of the local government for one of the 2 royals was not immediately there. Sultan Emiruddin had after a while enough of the unharmonious atmosphere in the palace and removed his brother Saladin and his followers from the palace. In Indonesia you can see, that the government also likes to see one king only living in the palace. This present sultan of Cirebon-Kanoman is a special king actually. When he was 9 years old he got a trouble with his ears and when he was 16 his ability to hear ceased to exist. But, which is mostly the case, when a sense-organ ceased to function;other sense-organs are sharpened. The young Prince Emiruddin developped a very sharp eye for the details of the weaving – and other local culture. Especially the local batik is his specialism. From that he could make his later work.That work and specialism had resulted in fascinating batik exhibitions he organise regulalry in his aim to preserve the true local culture. In this he is supported by his dynastic near family. The sultan married in 2000 with Sultana Ratu Dian Astuti. On 11-12-2001 the present crown prince of his branch was born: Pangeran Raja Muhammad Qodirudin. It is also hoped, that the harmony in the dynasty can be restored completely. The Kanoman dynasty is known for it’s firm conviction for it’s own opinion, but for his willingness to listen to people with other opinions. It is wished, that this talent will be used for the good.

Cirebon-Kacirebonan- Pangeran Raja Abdul Gani Natadiningrat III Dekarangga

When 11 yeCirebon-Kacirebonan, Pangeran Raja Abdul Gani Natadiningrat III Dekaranggaars ago this monarch succeeded his very popular grandfather Pangeran Mulyono Amir Natadingrat II he brought himself into trouble, because he then wanted to take the sultan’s title, which was according to tradition not the title of the Cirebon-Kacirebonan king and so the Indonesian government thought of total abolishing the Cirebon-Kacirebonan palace. But all was settled later in peace.
Cirebon is one of the religious symbol places of Indonesia; in this case for W-Java. The rulers descent of one of the so called wali Songo, or 11 bringers of islam to Java. Later the dynasty was divided into 3 dynasties: that of Kasepuhan(the main one), Kanoman, Kacirebonan and even in the end of the 18th century a 4th dynasty; shortlived, came into being : that of Kaprobonan. Eact had it;s own spehere of influence in Cirebon town and also in the sultanate.
Because of not well-organized circumstances the Dutch decided to abolish the real sultan’s government of Cirebon in 1819, but allowed the kings and their successors to stay on as important symbols of the royal system. When the local people was seeking for their own identity in the struggle for independence after WW II they rediscovered their kings, who all the time had preserved the local culture and also most of ghe relguous old traditions. From that time on the kings were kings of their area again, but officially with no power.
Shortly before the abolishment of monarchy of Cirebon the monarchy of Cirebon-Kaprobonan was abolished and the area divided among some of the dynasty branches, although the dynasty branch of Cirebon-kaprobonan still exists until the present time.
Many say, that the palace of Cirebon-Kaprobonan has the most original Javanese atmosphere.


1478 Cirebon state founded.
1662 From this date Cirebon is ruled from four kraton (palaces),
the four lines are recorded separately below.
1819 Royalty suspended by Netherlands colonial government.
…. Nominal royalty reinstated.

(1) Kraton Kasepuhan

1791 – 1819 Sultan Sepuh IX bin Sultan Sepuh VIII
1989? Maulana Pakuningrat Sultan Sepuh

(2) Kraton Kanoman

1798 – 1819 Sultan Anom VI bin Muhammad
…. – 198. Sultan Anom Muhammad Nurus
…. – 2002 Haji Muhammad Djalaluddin (d. 2002)
2003 – Muhammad Saladin
(disputed with following)
2003 – Raja Muhammad Emiruddin

(3) Kraton Kaprabonan

Rulers (title Panembahan)
1733 – 1773 Panembahan Cirebon V Muhammad Tair
Jariri Sabririn Tajul
Arifin bin Muhammad Akbaruddin
1773 – …. ….

(4) Kraton Kacirebonan

1768 – 1808 Vacant
1808 – 1810 Sultan Cirebon IV bin Sultan Sepuh VIII
1810 – 1819 Vacant
1989? Sultan Cirebon Amir Natadiningrat

sources: Kingdoms of Indonesia

Banten old dynasties

1333 Pajajaran state founded.
1552 Pajajaran replaced by Banten.
1832 Royalty suspended by Netherlands colonial government.
…. Nominal royalty reinstituted.

1777 – 1802 Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin bin
Abul Nasr Muhammad Arif Zainul Asyikin
1802 – 1805 Abul Fath Muhammad Muhieddin Zainul
Salihin bin Abul Nasr Muhammad Arif
Zainul Asyikin
1805 – 1808 Abul Nasr Muhammad Ishak Zainul Muttakin
bin Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin
1808 – 1810 Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin bin Abul
Mufakhir Muhammad Alaeddin
1810 – 1811 Muhammad Safiuddin bin Abul Fath Muhammad
Muhieddin Zainul Salihin (1st time)
1811 – 1813 Ahmad bin Muhammad
1813 – 1816 Muhammad Muhieddin bin Abul Mufakhir
Muhammad Alaeddin
1816 – 1832 Muhammad Safiuddin bin Abul Fath Muhammad
Muhieddin Zainul Salihin (2nd time)
1832 – …. Royalty suspended
1947? Abul Mufakhir Muhammad Haruningrat

sources: Kingdoms of Indonesia

Yogyakarta old dynasties

Yogyakarta  old dynasties

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Mataram successor states

28 Feb 1677 Dutch protectorate.
13 Feb 1755 Mataram empire divided between Surakarta (the titular
status successor) and Yogyakarta by the Treaty of Giyanti.
17 Mar 1757 The dynastic Mangku Negaran microstate is established as
an overeign enclave in Surakarta.
22 Jun 1812 The dynastic Paku Alaman microstate is established as a
sovereign enclave in Yogyakarta.
1946 Mangku Negaran is declared to be “abolished” (but continues).

(1) Mataram and, from 1755, Surakarta “empire” (Kasunanan Surakarta Adiningrat)

Emperors (title Susuhanan)¹
Jun 1677 – 3 Nov 1703 Amangku Rat II (b. 1639/42 – d. 1703)
3 Nov 1703 – 24 Aug 1708 Amangku Rat III (d. bf.1734)
(from 1704, in eastern provinces only)
19 Jun 1704 – 22 Feb 1719 Paku Buwono I (b. c.1648 – d. 1719)
22 Feb 1719 – 20 Apr 1726 Amangku Rat IV (b. c.1680 – d. 1726)
20 Apr 1726 – 30 Jun 1742 Paku Buwono II (1st time) (b. 1711 – d. 1749)
30 Jun 1742 – 24 Dec 1742 Amangku Rat V (b. 1732 – d. …)
24 Dec 1742 – 11 Dec 1749 Paku Buwono II (2nd time) (s.a.)
11 Dec 1749 – 26 Sep 1788 Paku Buwono III (b. 1732 – d. 1788)
26 Sep 1788 – 1 Oct 1820 Paku Buwono IV (b. 1768 – d. 1820)
1 Oct 1820 – 5 Sep 1823 Paku Buwono V (b. 1784 – d. 1823)
5 Sep 1823 – 14 Jun 1830 Paku Buwono VI (b. 1807 – d. 1849)
14 Jun 1830 – 10 May 1858 Paku Buwono VII (b. 1796 – d. 1858)
10 May 1858 – 28 Dec 1861 Paku Buwono VIII (b. 1789 – d. 1861)
30 Dec 1861 – 17 Mar 1893 Paku Buwono IX (b. 1830 – d. 1893)
17 Mar 1893 – 20 Feb 1939 Paku Buwono X (b. 1866 – d. 1939)
20 Feb 1939 – 1 Jun 1945 Paku Buwono XI (b. 1886 – d. 1945)
1 Jun 1945 – 11 Jun 2004 Paku Buwono XII (b. 1925 – d. 2004)
10 Sep 2004 – Paku Buwono XIII (b. 1948)
2004 – Paku Buwono XIII (in opposition) (b. 1954)

¹The full style is Ingkang Sinuhun Kangjeng Susuhanan Paku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga
Ngabdurahman Sayidin Panatagama, and the words from Paku Buwono on constitute each ruler’s
throne name, here abbreviated to Paku Buwono.

Yogyakarta-Sultan Hamengku Buwono X

When his fatYogyakarta, Sultan Hamengku Buwono X her died in 1988 he was not really thinking of becoming functioning sultan, but the sentiments locally were to big, so he was installed as sultan 1989. Later he became the face of reasonable democracy in Indonesia, advisor for a life with discussion and not with arms also.
Some people say his sharpness has been less developed then taht of his father.
But really you can see him as the face of the nearly perfect things in monarchy system of Indonesia.
Also his people wants him still as governor of the Yogyakarta area, although also people say, that he must become president.
He keeps away from division in society and always want to stay neutral.

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Yogyakarta (Kasultanan Ngayogyakarta Adiningrat)

[Jogjakarta Sultanate]

13 Feb 1755 – 24 Mar 1792 Hamengku Buwono I (b. 1717 – d. 1792)
24 Mar 1792 – 20 Jun 1812 Hamengku Buwono II (1st time) (b. 1750 – d. 1828)
31 Oct 1812 – 28 Dec 1811 Hamengku Buwono (III) -Regent (b. 1769 – d. 1814)
20 Jun 1812 – 3 Nov 1814 Hamengku Buwono III (s.a.)
3 Nov 1814 – 6 Dec 1823 Hamengku Buwono IV (b. 1804 – d. 1823)
3 Nov 1814 – Aug 1816 Paku Alam I -Regent (b. 1764 – d. 1829)
6 Dec 1823 – 17 Aug 1826 Hamengku Buwono V (1st time) (b. 1820 – d. 1855)
15 Aug 1825 – Mar 1830 Dipa Negara (in rebellion) (b. 1785 – d. 1855)
17 Aug 1826 – 2 Jan 1828 Hamengku Buwono II (2nd time) (s.a.)
2 Jan 1828 – 5 Jun 1855 Hamengku Buwono V (2nd time) (s.a.)
2 Jan 1828 – 26 Nov 1836 …. -Regent
5 Jun 1855 – 20 Jul 1877 Hamengku Buwono VI (b. 1821 – d. 1877)
20 Jul 1877 – 29 Jan 1921 Hamengku Buwono VII (b. 1839 – d. 1921)
29 Jan 1921 – 22 Oct 1939 Hamengku Buwono VIII (b. 1880 – d. 1939)
22 Oct 1939 – 2 Oct 1988 Hamengku Buwono IX (b. 1912 – d. 1988)
2 Oct 1988 – Hamengku Buwono X (b. 1946)

¹The full style is Kanjeng Sultan Hamengku Buwono Senapati Ingalaga Ngabdurahman Sayidin
Panatagama Kalipatulah, and the words from Hamengku Buwono on constitute each ruler’s throne
name, here abbreviated to Hamengku Buwono.

(2-1) Kaliwabang

1831 Kaliwabang in secession from Yogyakarta.
1853 Re-incorporated into Yogyakarta.

Ruler (title Pangeran)
1831 – 1853 Pangeran Adipati Nata Praya (d. 1853)

(2-2) Nangulan

1831 Nangulan in secession from Yogyakarta.
1833 Under direct Netherlands colonial rule.
1853 Re-incorporated into Yogyakarta.

Ruler (title Pangeran)
1831 – 1833 Pangeran Prabu Adiningrat
1833 – 1853 Direct Netherlands colonial rule

(3) Mangku Negaran

24 Feb 1757 – 28 Dec 1795 Mangku Negara I (b. 1726 – d. 1795)
28 Dec 1795 – 26 Jan 1835 Mangku Negara II (30 Oct 1821) (b. 1768 – d. 1835)
26 Jan 1835 – 6 Jan 1853 Mangku Negara III (1 Sep 1842) (b. 1803 – d. 1853)
25 Mar 1853 – 2 Sep 1881 Mangku Negara IV (16 Aug 1857) (b. 1811 – d. 1881)
2 Sep 1881 – 2 Oct 1896 Mangku Negara V (24 Jan 1894) (b. 1855 – d. 1896)
2 Oct 1896 – 11 Jan 1916 Mangku Negara VI (4 Nov 1896) (b. 1857 – d. 1928)
11 Jan 1916 – 19 Jul 1944 Mangku Negara VII (23 Jul 1924) (b. 1885 – d. 1944)
19 Jul 1944 – 3 Sep 1987 Mangku Negara VIII (30 Mar 1945) (b. 1920 – d. 1987)
3 Sep 1987 – Mangku Negara IX (b. 1951)

¹Most rulers begin their rule with the style Pangeran Adipati Aria Prabhu Prangwadana, adopting the style Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aria Mangku Negara Senapati Ingayuda at an auspicious time. They are here listed with the abbreviated throne name Mangku Negara,
followed, if appropriate, by the date on which this style is adopted.

(4) Paku Alaman

[Paku Alaman]

22 Jun 1812 – 4 Oct 1829 Paku Alam I (b. 1764 – d. 1829)
4 Oct 1829 – 23 Jul 1858 Paku Alam II (b. 1786 – d. 1858)
23 Jul 1858 – 17 Oct 1864 Paku Alam III (b. 1827 – d. 1864)
17 Oct 1864 – 24 Sep 1878 Paku Alam IV (b. 1841 – d. 1878)
24 Sep 1878 – 6 Nov 1900 Paku Alam V (b. 1833 – d. 1900)
26 Nov 1900 – 9 Jun 1902 Paku Alam VI (b. 1856 – d. 1902)
8 Jul 1902 – 16 Feb 1937 Paku Alam VII (b. 1882 – d. 1937)
16 Feb 1937 – 11 Sep 1998 Paku Alam VIII (b. 1910 – d. 1998)
11 Sep 1998 – Paku Alam IX (b. 1938)

¹The full style is Kanjeng Gusti Pangeran Adipati Aria Paku Alam, the last two words constituting each ruler’s throne name.

sources: Kingdoms of Indonesia

Bandung, Cianjur old dynasties


1678 Bandung state founded.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
1794 – 1829 Adipati Wiranatakusuma II
1829 – 1846 Adipati Wiranatakusuma III
1846 – 1874 Adipati Wiranatakusuma IV
1874 – 1893 Adipati Kusumadilaga
1893 – 1920 Adipati Aria Martanagara
1920 – 1931 Adipati Aria Wiranatakusuma V
(1st time)
1931 – 1935 T. Hasan Sumadipradja
1935 – 1945 Adipati Aria Wiranatakusuma V
(2nd time)
1945 – 1947 T.E. Suriaputra
1948 – 1956 T.M. Wiranatakusuma VI
1956 – 1957 Apandi Wiradiputra


c.1640 Cianjur state founded.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
c.1640 – 1686 Aria Wiratanu I
1686 – 1707 Aria Wiratanu II
1707 – 1727 Aria Wiratanu III
1727 – 1761 Adipati Wiratanudatar IV
1761 – 1776 Adipati Wiratanudatar V
1776 – 1813 Adipati Wiratanudatar VI
1813 – 1833 Adipati Prawiradiredja I
1833 – 1834 Tumenggung Wiranagara
1834 – 1862 Aria Adipati Kusumahningrat
1862 – 27 Mar 1910 Aria Adipati Prawiradiredja II
1910 – 1912 Demang Natakusumah -Regent
1912 – 1920 Aria Adipati Wiranatakusumah
1920 – 1932 A. Suriadiningrat
1932 – 1934 Sunarya -Regent
1934 – 1943 Surianataatmadja
1943 – 1945 Adiwikarta

sources: Kingdoms of Indonesia

Semarang, Limbangan old dynasties


c.1660 Limbangan state founded.

Rulers (title Pangeran)
1799 – 1805 Wangsadiraja II (2nd time)
1805 – 1813 Wangsaraja III
1813 – 18.. Adiwijaya
18.. – 1836 Kusumadinata
1836 – 1871 Jayaningrat
1871 – 1915 Aria Wiratanudatar
1915 – 1925 Rangga Suriakartelegawa


old dynasties, kerajaan, king, java,Semarang, Sultan-Pangeran-Raja-Selalau-Pemuka-Agung-Dengian-Paksi-yang-Dipertuan
1682 Semarang state founded.
1809 State extinguished?

Rulers (title Pangeran)
1777 – 1791 Sura Adimenggala IV
1791 – 1809 Sura Adimenggala V

sources: Kingdoms of Indonesia