Megapodius decollatus

Megapodius decollatus, New Guinea Megapode,Gosong Papua

The New Guinea Scrubfowl (Megapodius decollatus) is a species of bird in the MegapMegapodius-decollatusodiidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. This species was formerly known as Megapodius affinis but Roselaar,1994,Bulletin of the Zoological Museum of the University of Amsterdam,14,no.2,pp.9-36 showed that Megapodius affinis A.B.Meyer,1874 refers to M.reinwardt.

Megapodius geelvinkianus

Megapodius geelvinkianus, Biak Megapode, Gosong Biak

The Biak Scrubfowl or Biak Megapode (Megapodius geelvinkianus) is a species of bird in the MegaMegapodius-geelvinkianuspodiidae family. It is found only in West Papua, Indonesia. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moi st lowland forests and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss. Some taxonomists consider this to be a subspecies of the Dusky Megapode, others as a subspecies of the Orange-footed Scrubfowl, but is increasingly looked at as a distinct species.

Megapodius freycinet

Megapodius freycinet, Dusky Megapode, Gosong Kelam


The Dusky Megapode or Dusky Scrubfowl, Megapodius freycinet, is a medium-sized (approximately 41 cm long), blackish bird with a short pointed crest, bare red facial skin, dark legs, brown iris and dark brown and yellow bill. The male and female are similar. This terrestrial species lives in forests and swamps, including mangroves, of the Maluku and Raja Ampat Islands in Indonesia. Like other megapodes, it lays its eggs in a mound made from earth mixed with leaves, sand, gravel and sticks.

Many authorities include the Biak Scrubfowl as a subspecies of this species, but the two are increasingly treated as separate species. At the same time, many authorities consider the taxon forstenii a separate species, Forsten’s Megapode (M. forstenii), but measurements and molecular evidence suggests the two are very close,[1] and arguably better considered conspecific. Traditionally, most members of the genus Megapodius have been listed as subspecies of M. freycinet, but today all major authorities consider this incorrect.

The specific name commemorates the French explorer Louis Claude Desaulses de Freycinet.

A fairly common species throughout a large part of its range, the Dusky Scrubfowl is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Megapodius tenimberensis

Megapodius tenimberensis, Tanimbar Megapode, Gosong Tanimbar

The Tanimbar Megapode or Tanimbar Scrubfowl (Megapodius tenimberensis) is a small megapode endemic to the Tanimbar Islands of Indonesia. It is sMegapodius-tenimberensisometimes considered to be a subspecies of the Orange-footed Scrubfowl, Megapodius reinwardt.

It is a terrestrial bird the size of a domestic chicken, which is found in a range of forest and scrub habitats.

It feeds on seeds, fallen fruit and terrestrial invertebrates. Like other megapodes, it nests in large mounds of sand, leaf litter and other debris where the heat generated by the decomposition of organic material serves to incubate the eggs.

Megapodius bernsteinii

Megapodius bernsteinii, Sula Megapode, Gosong Sula


The Sula Megapode or Sula Scrubfowl (Megapodius bernsteinii) is a species of bird in the Megapodiidae family. It is found only in Indonesia, where its habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical moist shrubland. It is threatened by habitat loss.

Anas platyrhynchos

Anas platyrhynchos, Mallard

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The Mallard (play /ˈmælɑrd/ or /ˈmælərd/) or Wild Duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is a dabbling duck which breeds throughout the temperate and subtropical Americas, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, and has been introduced to New Zealand and Australia. This duck belongs to the subfamily Anatinae of the waterfowl family Anatidae.

The male birds (drakes) have a glossy green head and are grey on wings and belly, while the females have mainly brown-speckled plumage. Mallards live in wetlands, eat water plants and small animals, and are gregarious. This species is the ancestor of most breeds of domestic ducks.

Cygnus atratus

Cygnus atratus, Black Swan, Soang Hitam

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The Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) is a large waterbird, a species of swan, which breeds mainly in the southeast and southwest regions of Australia. The species was hunted to extinction in New Zealand, but later reintroduced. Within Australia they are nomadic, with erratic migration patterns dependent upon climatic conditions. Black Swans are large birds with mostly black plumage and red bills. They are monogamous breeders that share incubation duties and cygnet rearing between the sexes.

Described scientifically by English naturalist John Latham in 1790, the Black Swan was formerly placed into a monotypic genus, Chenopis. Black Swans can be found singly, or in loose companies numbering into the hundreds or even thousands.[2] Black Swans are popular birds in zoological gardens and bird collections, and escapees are sometimes seen outside their natural range.

Tachybaptus novaehollandiae

Tachybaptus novaehollandiae, Australasian Grebe, Titihan Australia


Tachybaptus-novaehollandiae, Australasian Grebe,  Titihan Australia

The Australasian Grebe, Tachybaptus novaehollandiae is a tiny waterbird common on fresh water lakes and rivers in greater Australia, New Zealand and on nearby Pacific islands. At 25-27 cm in length, it is one of the smallest members of the grebe family (see also Little, Least Grebe).

It is an excellent swimmer and diver, and usually dives immediately when alarmed and swims away under water.
Breeding plumage

Both sexes are dark brown above with a glossy-black head and neck and a striking chestnut facial stripe, extending from behind the eye to the base of the neck. The eye is yellow, with a prominent pale yellow face spot below.


Both are generally duller, with no chestnut stripe, the face spot whiter, and throat and front grey-white. Similar to non-breeding Hoary-headed Grebes, which share a similar range.

Sula leucogaster

Sula leucogaster, Brown Booby, Angsa-batu coklat

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The Brown Booby (Sula leucogaster) is a large seabird of the gannet family, Sulidae. The adult brown booby reaches about 76 cm. (30 in.) in length. Its head and upper body are covered in dark brown, with the remainder being a contrasting white. The juvenile form is gray-brown with darkening on the head, wings and tail. While these birds are typically silent, bird watchers have reported occasional sounds similar to grunting or quacking.

Their heads and backs are black, and their bellies are white. Their beaks are quite sharp and contain many jagged edges. They have short wings and long, tapered tails.
This species breeds on islands and coasts in the pantropical areas of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. They frequent the breeding grounds of the islands in the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea. This bird nests in large colonies, laying two chalky blue eggs on the ground in a mound of broken shells and vegetation. It winters at sea over a wider area.

Brown Booby pairs may remain together over several seasons. They perform elaborate greeting rituals.

Brown Boobies are spectacular divers, plunging into the ocean at high speed. They mainly eat small fish or squid which gather in groups near the surface and may catch leaping fish while skimming the surface. Although they are powerful and agile fliers, they are particularly clumsy in takeoffs and landings; they use strong winds and high perches to assist their takeoffs.

Phalacrocorax sulcirostris

Phalacrocorax sulcirostris, Little Black Cormorant, Pecuk padi Hitam

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The Little Black Cormorant, Phalacrocorax sulcirostris, is a member of the cormorant family of seabirds. It is common in smaller rivers and lakes throughout most areas of Australia and northern New Zealand. It is around sixty centimetres long, and is all black with blue-green eyes.