Vanda wightii

Vanda wightii Wight’s Vanda

Wight's Vanda, Vanda wightii

Vanda wightii Rchb.f. 1864

Common Name Wight’s Vanda [English Surgeon and Orchid Collector in Asia, later director of Madras Botanical Garden in India 1800’s]


Found in southern India and Sri Lanka in lowland deciduous forests at elevations of 50 to 150 meters as a giant sized, hot growing epiphyte that blooms in the spring or fall on an axillary inflorescence and at present is extremely rare. The flowers have a pleasant nocturnal fragrance.

CAUTION I have no way of verifying this determination so use with caution.

Vanda ustii

Vanda ustii Ust’s Vanda

Ust's Vanda , Vanda ustii

Vanda ustii Golamco, Claustro and de Mesa 2000 Section Deltoglossa Christ 2001 Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

Common Name UST’s Vanda [An acronym for the college University of Santo Thomas in Manila]

Flower Size 2″ [5 cm]

Found in the Philippines at elevations around 1250 meters as a hot to warm growing, large sized, monopodial epiphyte with an elongate, erect stem carrying many alternate, gracefully curved leaves that are unequally bilobed apically and blooms on a horizontal to pendulous, several to many [to 12] flowered inflorescence.

Synonyms Vanda luzonica var immaculata

Vanda tricolor

Vanda tricolor  Soft Vanda

Soft Vanda , Vanda tricolor

Vanda suavis Lindl. 1848 Photo courtesy of Jean Claude George

Common Name The Soft Vanda

Flower Size 2 to 3″ [5 to 7 cm]

Found in Java and Laos as a large sized, hot growing epiphyte, lithophyte or terrrestrial with long, erect stems carrying curved, ligulate, imbricate, unequally bilobed apically leaves that blooms on an axillary, erect to suberect, 2 to 3″ [5 to 7 cm] long, shorter that the leaves, several [7 to 12] flowered inflorescence with large, fragrant, waxy, long-lived, color variable flowers occuring in the fall and winter. There asre 2 types , var suavis which hails from Central and Eastern Java has an inflorescnece with 15 or more flowers, narrower and longer sepals anmd petals and the apical lobules of the lip are turned abruptly downwards and are paler than the rest of the midlobe. Var tricolor has aninflorescence with 6 to 9 flowers, the sepals and petals being different in width and are shorter the side lobules being erect, and they and the midlobe are evenly colored.

Synonyms Limodorum suaveolens Reinw. ex Blume 1849; Vanda suaveolens Blume 1849; Vanda tricolor Hook. 1849; Vanda tricolor Lindley 1847; Vanda tricolor var suavis [Lindley] Rchb.f


Vanda sumatrana

Vanda sumatrana  Sumatran Vanda

 Sumatran Vanda , Vanda sumatrana

Vanda sumatrana Schltr. 1911 Photo courtesy of Nik Fahmi and his Vortex Orchid Page.

Common Name The Sumatran Vanda

Flower Size 2.4″ [6cm]

Found in Sumatra at elevations of 300 to 1000 meters as a large to giant sized, hot to warm growing monopodial epiphyte or lithophyte on rock faces with an elongate, erect to pendant stem carrying many, strap-shaped, curved, obliquely bilobed apically and irregularly toothed leaves that blooms in the spring on an axillary, 5.4″ [13.5 cm] long, few [6] flowered inflorescence. Very similar to V helvola but differs in being a larger plant with longer inflorescence and larger flowers

Vanda stangeana

Vanda stangeana Stange’s Vanda

Stange's Vanda, Vanda stangeana

Vanda stangeana Rchb. f. 1858 SECTION Longicalcarata Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Common Name Stange’s Vanda [German Orchid Gardener 1800’s]

Flower Size

Found in India and Nepal as a monopodial epiphyte that has a stout, erect stem carrying distichous, ligulate, unequally bilobed apically, spreading and recurved leaves that blooms in the spring on an erect or suberect, 5″ [12.5 cm] long, shorer than the leaves, laxly several flowered inflorescence

Vanda spathulata

Vanda spathulata Spathulate Vanda

Spathulate Vanda , Vanda spathulata

Vanda spathulata (L.) Spreng. 1826 Photos by © Prejith Sampath and his Presam’s Vanda Haven

Common Name The Spathulate Vanda

Found in southern India and Sri Lanka in low brush as a large sized, hot to warm growing vine-like, scrambling terrestrial and as such is by itself in the genus. It’s leaves have unequal lobes instead of the bitten off praemorse apex typical of the V tesselata group and the petals and sepals lack the clawed bases of typical Vandas and it blooms either in the fall or in the spring . This orchid also has successive flowers that take weeks to open in deference to the other Vandas that all open within a few days. In fact this species approaches Papilionanthe in this fact as well as it’s viney growth habit in bushes. For that reason Christenson proposed Taprobanea to accomodate this intermediate species between Vanda and Papilionanthe. I have left it as a Vanda until more information becomes available.

At present this species is extremely rare. This was the first Vanda species ever described back in 1703 in the Hortus Indicus Malabaricus as Ponnampou-maravara, then in 1753 Linnaeus named it Epidendrum spathulatum, it did not get it’s present name until 1826.

Synonyms Aerides maculata Buch.-Ham. ex Sm. 1818; Cymbidium spathulatum (L.) Moon 1824; *Epidendrum spathulatum L. 1753; Limodorum spathulatum (L.) Willd. 1805; Taprobanea spathulata (L.) Christenson 1992

Vanda scandens

Vanda scandens Climbing Vanda

Climbing Vanda , Vanda scandens

Vanda scandens Holttum 1950 SECTION Dactylolobata Suarez & Cootes 2008

Common Name or Meaning The Climbing Vanda

Flower Size 1.4″ to 1.5″ [3.5 to 3.8 cm] Fragant

Found in Borneo and the Philippines in lowland and montane forests at elevations of sealevel to 1000 meters in light shade with an erect, elongate, scandent, stem carrying, to 12, spreading to suberect, linear, unequally bilobed apically, somewhat twisted leaves that are articulate to the sheaths below that blooms at most any time of the year on 1 to 2, axillary, , to 4″ [10 cm] long, 2 to 5 flowered inflorescence with triangular floral bracts and carrying slightly fragrant flowers

Vanda roeblingiana

Vanda roeblingiana  Roebelen’s Vanda

 Roebelen's Vanda, Vanda roeblingiana

Vanda roeblingiana Rolfe 1894 SECTION Hastifera Photo by © Eric Hunt and His Orchid Website.

Common Name Roebelen’s Vanda [German Orchid Collector SE Asia late 1800’s]

Flower Size 2″ [5 cm] Fragrant

Found in penninsular Malaysia and the Philippines on medium sized tree trunks at elevations above 1500 meters in heavy shade as a large sized, cool to warm growing, monopodial epiphyte with an elongated stem carrying several, alternate, linear-oblong, recurved, oblique, truncate leaves that blooms on an axillary, horizantal to ascending, 7 to 12″ [17 to 30 cm] long, several to many [8 to 15] flowered inflorescence with longlasting, fragrant flowers occuring in the fall but also again in the spring. A diagnostic for this species is that the midlobe of the lip of the flower is split

Vanda pumila

Vanda pumila  Dwarf Vanda

 Dwarf Vanda, Vanda pumila

Vanda pumila Hook. f. 1896 SECTION Cristatae Photo by © Lourens Grobler

Fragrance Part sun Warm to Hot Spring and EARLY Summer

Common Name The Dwarf Vanda – In Thailand Ueang pak pet – In China Ai Wan Dai Lan

Flower Size 1 to 2 1/2″ [2.5 to 5 cm]

Closely related to V. cristata. A small sized, hot to warm growing epiphyte occuring in the lowlands of Northern India, Bhutan, Sikkim, Nepal, Myanamar, Southern China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Sumatra in semi-deciduous and deciduous dry lowland forests and savana-like woodlands at elevations of sealevel to 800 meters and in primary montane forests at elevations of 700 to 1400 meters in an area with bright light and a distinct dry season in the winter at elevations of 500 to 1000 meters with a stout, short, arcuate ascending stem carrying arcuate, ligulate, unequally tridentate apically, conduplicate leaves that area articulated to the basal sheathing leaf bases that blooms on an erect, 6″ [10 to 20 cm] long, loosely few [1 to 5] flowered inflorescence with heavy textured, small, fragrant flowers occuring in the spring and early summer. Best grown in a wood slat basket with bright light, hot to warm tempeartures, high humidity, and plenty of year round water.

Synonyms Trudelia pumila (Hook. f.) Senghas 1988; Vanda flavobrunnea Rchb.f., Flora 69: 552 (1886

Vanda merrillii

Vanda merrillii  Merrill’s Vanda

 Merrill's Vanda, Vanda merrillii

Vanda merrillii Ames & Quisumb. 1932 SECTION Deltoglossa Photo by © Eric Hunt and his Orchid Species Photo Website

Common Name Merrill’s Vanda [American Botanist in the Philippines late 1800’s and early 1900’s]

Flower Size 1 1/2 to 2″ [4 to 5 cm] Fragrant

Found in the Philippines on the island of Luzon at elevations around 500 meters as a large sized, hot to warm growing, monopodial epiphyte with an elongated stem carrying several, linear-oblong, recurved leaves that blooms on an axillary, horizontal to ascending, 10″ [25 cm] long, several to many [10 to 15] flowered inflorescence with spicily fragrant, fleshy, waxy, glossy, long-lasting flowers occuring in the spring.

Synonyms Vanda merrillii var immaculata Ames & Quism, 1933; Vanda merrillii var rotorii Ames & Quism. 1933