Pericrocotus lansbergei

Pericrocotus lansbergei, Little Minivet, Sepah Kerdil


The Little Minivet (Pericrocotus lansbergei), also known as the Flores Minivet, is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

Lalage atrovirens

Lalage atrovirens, Black-browed Triller,  Kapasan Alis-hitam


The Black-browed Triller (Lalage atrovirens) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is found in Indonesia and Papua New Guinea. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Lalage leucopygialis

Lalage leucopygialis,  White-rumped Triller,  Kapasan Sulawesi


The White-rumped Triller (Lalage leucopygialis) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is endemic to Indonesia.

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Hemipus hirundinaceus

Hemipus hirundinaceus, Black-winged Flycatcher-shrik, Jingjing Batu

The Black-winged Flycatcher-shrike (Hemipus hirundinaceus) is a species of bird in the Campephagidae family. It is monotypic within the genus Hemipus. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and subtropical or tropical mangrove forests.

Tephrodornis virgatus

Tephrodornis virgatus, Large Woodshrike, Jingjing Petulak


The Large Woodshrike (Tephrodornis gularis, the name T. virgatus provided as a substitute on insufficient grounds.[1]) is a species in the helmetshrike family Prionopidae. The woodshrikes were formerly placed in the Campephagidae (cuckooshrikes) sometimes.

It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Singapore, Thailand, and Vietnam. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical mangrove forests, and subtropical or tropical moist montane forests. The subspecies in south-west India is sometimes considered a separate species, the Malabar Woodshrike (T. sylvicola).


The name Lanius gularis was described by Raffles in 1822 (Transactions of the Linnean Society). At about the same time (1824), Temminck published the name Lanius virgatus in his Planches Coloriees (pl. 256, f.1). These, among other related forms, were later placed in the genus Tephrodornis and each recognized as valid species. Richard Bowdler Sharpe (Catalogue of the Birds in the British Museum, vol. III, p. 278) retained both as valid, and this treatment perpetuated as recently as 1981 (Smythies, Birds of Borneo).

Further review determined that both gularis and virgatus should be recognized as one species, with the former name designated as the nominate. Dickinson and Dekker[1] discussed the homonymy of Raffles’ name, and on the premise that it was unavailable, supplanted it with Temminck’s name as the authority. A more obscure Lanius gularis was published in Bechstein (Kurze Uebersicht aller bekannten Vögel oder ihre kennzeichen der Art nach Latham’s General Synopsis of Birds und seinem Index ornithologicus, (1811)), eleven years prior to Raffles.

Since the discovery of the homonymy in 2002, the name virgatus seems to have prevailed as the correct name for the large wood-shrike. However, the action to replace gularis was not justified. In the fourth edition of the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature (1999) certain provisions were modified, including the adoption of “reversal of precedence.” Article 23. 1 stipulates that priority in scientific names applies to “..the relative precedence of homonyms,” among other conditions, and Article 23.9 details the “reversal of precendence,” which requires that a substitution or replacement name be adopted if, among other conditions, “the senior synonym or homonym has not been used as a valid name after 1899.” Since the discovery of the homonymy was published subsequent to the fourth edition of the Code, these requirements would need to be met prior to making such a change. Bechstein’s name (the senior homonym) being so obscure—having only been cited once prior to Dickinson and Dekker (Index Animalium of Sherborn (and its corresponding reverse index volume)–that the act to adopt virgatus was done on insufficient grounds. Further, it is uncertain as to which species Bechstein’s name should be indicated as a synonym of. Therefore, the correct name of the large wood-shrike is Tephrodornis gularis.

Lalage leucomela

Lalage leucomela, Varied Triller, Kapasan Alis-putih

Click to Enlarge !


The Varied Triller (Lalage leucomela) like its better-known relative the White-winged Triller, is a smaller member of the Cuckoo-shrike family, Campephagidae. Varied Trillers prefer warm, reasonably moist environments and are found in New Guinea and the Bismarck Archipelago, along much of the tropical and sub-tropical coastal hinterland of eastern Australia, from about the Sydney area to the tip of Cape York Peninsula, in the moister part of the Kimberley, and throughout the Top End.

Common to very common in the north, they are uncommon to rare in the colder south. Typical habitat is rainforest, vine forest, riverine thickets, eucalypt forest and woodland, with a particular preference for the border areas between closed and open forests.

Varied Trillers work their way slowly and methodically through foliage at any level (sometimes on the ground), searching in pairs or small groups for insects and fruit, and making repeated rolling contact calls almost continuously.

– Trillers, Minivets and Leafbirds 25 Pages

Birds of Indonesia

Most of the info is from Wikipaedia and when it was possible from Naturia Singapore .
Pictures from Wikipaedia, Arkive, , Oriental Bird Images, Mandroverde, and PBase
Thanks for this.
rom Naturia Singapore . and from Arkive

Thanks for this.

25 Trillers, Minivets and Leafbirds,  25 with pictures and pages



Chlamydochaera jefferyi,
 Tawau Dada-hitam

Lalage nigra,
Pied Triller, 
Kapasan Kemiri

Lalage sueurii,
White-shouldered Triller
Kapasan Sayap-putih
Lalage leucopygialis,
 White-rumped Triller,
 Kapasan Sulawesi



Lalage aurea ,
 Rufous-bellied Triller,
Kapasan Halmahera
Lalage atrovirens,
Black-browed Triller,
 Kapasan Alis-hitam
Lalage leucomela,
Varied Triller,
 Kapasan Alis-putih

Small Minivet,
Sepah Kecil

Pericrocotus igneus,
Fiery Minivet, 
Sepah Tulin

 Grey-chinned Minivet,
Sepah Dagu-kelabu

Pericrocotus speciosus,
Scarlet Minivet

Pericrocotus divaricatus,
Ashy Minivet,
 Sepah Padang


Pericrocotus lansbergei,
Little Minivet,
 Sepah Kerdil
Pericrocotus miniatus,
Sunda Minivet,
 Sepah Gunung
Pericrocotus flammeus,
 Scarlet Minivet,
 Sepah Hutan

Hemipus picatus,
Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike, 
Jingjing Bukit


Hemipus hirundinaceus,
Black-winged Flycatcher-shrik, 
Jingjing Batu

Tephrodornis virgatus,
Large Woodshrike,
 Jingjing Petulak
Aegithina tiphia ,
Common Iora ,
Cipoh Kacat

Aegithina viridissima,
Green Iora, 
Cipoh Jantung

Chloropsis aurifrons, 
Golden-fronted Leaf bird,

 Chloropsis cochinchinensis , Blue-winged Leafbird,
Murai Daun Bunga

Chloropsis cyanopogon,
Lesser Green Leafbird, 
Cicadaun Kecil

Chloropsis sonnerati,
Greater Green Leafbird,
Cicadaun Besar


Chloropsis venusta,
Blue-masked Leafbird, 
Cicadaun Sumatera