Aeromys-tephromelas, Black Flying Squirrel


 Black Flying Squirrel


The Black Flying Squirrel or Large Black Flying Sqaltuirrel (Aeromys tephromelas) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia.


Callosciurus notatus, Plaintain squirrel

Callosciurus notatus

 Plaintain squirrel

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The Plantain SquirrCallosciurus notatus, Plaintain squirrelel (Callosciurus notatus) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is also called Oriental or Tricoloured Squirrel. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and Thailand. They are found in a wide range of habitats: forests, mangroves, parks, gardens, agricultural areas. Fruit farmers consider them to be pests.

The body is about 20-30 cm long with a similar sized tail. It is greyish/brown with a chestnut belly and a black and white stripe between the two. The genus name Callosciurus means Beautiful Squirrels.

Its diet consists mostly of leaves and fruits, but they also eat insects and bird eggs. They are known to break open twigs that contain ant larvae to eat them. They can eat fruits much bigger than them, such as mangoes, jackfruits or coconuts. They are very quick and agile in trees, they are able to jump a few metres between trees and rarely wander on the ground.

Callosciurus prevostii, Prevost’s squirrel

Callosciurus prevosti

Prevost’s squirrel

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Prevost’s Squirrel oCallosciurus prevostii, Prevost's squirrelr Asian Tri-colored Squirrel (Callosciurus prevostii) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. They eat fruits, nuts, seeds, buds, flowers, insects and bird eggs. These squirrels carry the fruits far from the tree and drop the seeds when finished with their meal. The seeds far from the parent tree with reduced likelihood to be eaten by other animals bear an opportunity to produce new generation of plants.

Iomys horsfieldii, Javanese Flying Squirrel

Iomys horsfieldii

 Javanese Flying Squirrel

Th Iomys horsfieldii,  Javanese Flying Squirrel e Javanese Flying Squirrel (Iomys horsfieldii) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Petaurista petaurista, Red giant flying squirrel

Petaurista petaurista

 Red giant flying squirrel

The Red Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista petaurista, Red giant flying squirrelPetaurista petaurista) is a species of flying squirrel, which ranges from the eastern regions of Afghanistan, into Northern India including parts of Jammu & Kashmir, across the Himalayas through to Java, and Taiwan, and also Sri Lanka. This species was recorded in peninsular Malaysia, included Pulau Pinang, Tioman Island and also Singapore . This species also recorded from many localities throughout Sabah and Sarawak, up to 900m on Mount Kinabalu, excluding the range of P.p. nigrescens, which is known only from the forests around Sandakan Bay north of Kinabatangan River.

Giant flying squirrels (petaurista sp.) have highest diversity in term of species richness and population diversity in Southeast Asia.


Like all other species of flying squirrels, it has a membrane of skin between its legs, which is used to glide between trees. It is characterised by its dark red colouring and large eyes. When compared to other species of squirrels, this species is large, being on average 422mm long. Entire body dark reddish except for black on nose, chin, eye-ring, behind the ears, feet and tail tip.

Ecology and Habitat

In the wild, it feeds primarily on conifer cones, leaves and branches, and, when in season, fruits and nuts, and occasionally insects. It is able to glide for long distances. There have been reports of distances up to 75 metres (250 ft.) or greater; glide angles are generally 40-60 degrees from the horizontal, occasionally steeper for shorter glides. Their nest holes usually at least 10m above ground. The Red Giant Flying Squirrel is nocturnal and does not hibernate, but migrates to areas with more food. P.petaurista also able to explore secondary conifer plantations and use this habitat as feeding and resting areas.

P.petaurista is most active between sunset and midnight and the home range of adult females in conifer plantation was estimated to be 3.2ha. The Red Giant Flying Squirrel is believed to mate twice a year and the young are typically born in March or August in litters of two to three.

Petaurista-elegans, Spotted Giant Flying Squirrel

Petaurista-elegans, Spotted Giant Flying Squirrel


The Spotted Giant Flying Squirrel (Petaurista elegans) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, and Vietnam.

Ratufa-affinis, Pale Giant Squirrel


 Pale Giant Squirrel

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The CreaRatufa-affinis,  Pale Giant Squirrelm-coloured Giant Squirrel or Pale Giant Squirrel (Ratufa affinis) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand. It is probably extinct in Singapore, as no recent sightings have been made.

The giant squirrels (Ratufa) are distinctive element of the fauna of southern Asia. There are four subspecies of Ratufa affinis recognized: Ratufa affinis sandakanensis, R. a. baramensis, R. a. cothurnata, and R. a. ephippium. The giant squirrel is the largest tree squirrel in Borneo. The large squirrel is very colourful, and its coloration varies widely. Its large body size makes it to be seen easily. The upper part of the body is dark brown or grey in color, while the under part of body is dark yellow and white in color. The ear of the giant squirrel is short and round. The length of head and body is in range of 322 to 350 millimetres (12.7 to 13.8 in), the tail is 373 to 438 millimetres (14.7 to 17.2 in), and the weight is around 929 to 1,575 grams (2.05 to 3.47 lb). In Perak, the giant squirrel was found in Hutan Simpan Belum. The habitat of giant squirrel includes dipterocarp and lower montane forest, and secondary forest. They rarely enter plantations and like to make holes in trees as their shelter. They live in high areas but sometime they came down for hunting small species of squirrel[citation needed] or to cross gaps in the tree canopy. They are diurnal, active during daytime and in the afternoon. They can live either in pairs or alone. When it is angry or shocked, it will give loud sound and can be hear from far. During the breeding season, a large globular nest is constructed in tree branches and the nest is about the size of an eagleÂ’s nest. The young are born and raised in this nest. The main dietary habits of Ratufa affinis are seeds with some leaves, bark, fruits, nuts, bark, insects, and eggs. These squirrels do not sit upright with the tail arched over the back while feeding; instead, they balance themselves with their hind feet on a branch so that their hands are free to control the food. In this position the axis of the body is held at right angles to the support, with the head and forequarters on one side of the branch and the tail as a counterweight on the other side. The very short thumb is very important in helping to hold food.

Ratufa-bicolor, Oriental giant squirrel

Ratufa-bicolor, Oriental giant squirrel

Oriental giant squirrelsRatufa-bicolor, Oriental giant squirrel are very large squirrels from the genus Ratufa in the subfamily Ratufinae. They are found in parts of south- and southeast Asia.

There are four living species of oriental giant squirrels:

* Pale Giant Squirrel, Ratufa affinis
* Black Giant Squirrel, Ratufa bicolor
* Indian Giant Squirrel, Ratufa indica
* Grizzled Giant Squirrel, Ratufa macroura

In prehistoric times this lineage was more widespread. For example, animals very similar to Ratufa and possibly belonging into this genus – at least belonging into the Ratufinae – were part of the early Langhian (Middle Miocene, some 16-15.2 million years ago) Hambach fauna of Germany.

Rheithrosciurus-macrotis, Tufted Ground Squirrel


 Tufted Ground Squirrel

The TuRheithrosciurus-macrotis, Tufted Ground Squirrelfted Ground Squirrel (Rheithrosciurus macrotis) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is monotypic within the genus Rheithrosciurus. It is found in Indonesia and Malaysia.

Sundasciurus tenuis, Slender squirrel

Sundasciurus tenuis

 Slender squirrel

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The Slender Squirrel (Sundasciurus tenuis) is a species of rodent in the Sciuridae family. It is arboreal and found in Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand. The body is brown on the upper parts and light grey on the underparts. The body measures about 13-16 cm, with a slightly shorter slender tail. It feeds on soft bark, fruits and insects.